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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, August 10, 1902, Image 5

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1902-08-10/ed-1/seq-5/

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Attitude of the United States Joward Cuba
THERE are three policies, any
of which may be pursued
by the United States. First,
we may treat Cuba with in
difference and neglect; sec
ond, as a commercial rival to be feared
and curbed; third, with a friendly con
sideration which shall insure her pros
perity, stability and gratitude. Until
congress met in December last, the
people of the United States entertain
ed no doubt as to which of the three
policies should be pursued. We were
in honor bound not to neglect Cuba.
We had never thought of her as a
commercial rival to be feared, but
rather as a constituent part of our
commercial system. Every obligation
of duty and of self-interest demanded
our friendly consideration. It may
wejl be doubted whether 1 per cent of
our people, before the assembling of
the last congress, would have tolerated
the idea that Cuba should be treated
in any other way than as a neighbor
and a close friend. And yet there de
veloped during the winter and early
summer a sentiment, founded on mis
apprehension and prejudice, which
was strong enough to defeat for the
time being any remedial or beneficent
legislation in her behalf. During all
the period of our military occupation,
leading up to Cuban independence, it
was understood that the economic re
lations between Cuba and the United
States were as important as their po
litical relations. When the United
States required of Cuba that her con
stitution should contain guarantees
which should forever place her in a
position of Intimate relation to us, it
Jhe American Qlrl and the -Jtage
WHAT the stage holds for the
American girl depends
largely on that young per
son herself —perhaps one
is justified in saying that
it depends almost solely upon her. If
Bhe is ambitious for a stage career,
the result of her ambitions will be
shaped by her own attitude toward the
stupe. It will turn out to be exactly
the kind of an institution she imagines
it to be and her conduct in working out
her professional career will find its re
ilex in the treatment the stage accords
If she thinks the stage is an institu
tion alert to recognize and reward in
telligent, earnest effort, and if she is
willing patiently and constantly to give
it that effort, she will find that it is an
Institution of worth and dignity. If
Bhe seeks it as an escape from her
appointed duties in life, and if she
yearns to be an actress for the sake of
a measure of cheap publicity and a
round of empty, garrish and demoral
izing diversions, she probably will find
her expectations realized—that is, if
Bhe posseses a certain kind of personal
J4ow to Regulate the orusts
OSE of the greatest evils of the
so-called trusts, to my mind,
is involved in over-capital
ization, with possibly at
tendant misrepresentations
or deceptions in connection with their
organization, and to provide a restrain
ing agency in this field is the object
of the measure providing for publicity
which I have introduced in the present
congress, and which I am inclined to
believe will pass. This is designed
primarily to secure publicity regard-
Ing the inner workings of the corpora
tion, and will disclose to the public
whther or not capitalization is justi
fied by the value of the property of
various kinds upon which it is based
and to what extent, if any, stock has
been "watered." This invocation of
the powerful agency of publicity Is
not designed to arouse public sentiment
against great combinations of capital,
as great combinations of capital are
Jhe Idorncm (Oho Crushes
THE woman who gushes Is
rarely sincere, she is the
vicim of a habit, and gushes
over everything and every-
She is always gushing. If she comes
into your I ome and It happens to be
as cold as a fish on ice she gushes over
It. If it is hot enough to melt a brass
monkey she still insists that it is so
"dee-lightful." If she stays to luncheon,
and the bill of fare is short on add
lengths, and you are mortified to death,
she still gushes and you are undecided
whether she is making a fool of you
or of herself. She gushes over your
clothes, in fact everything that can do
duty as a safety valve against her ex
uberant exuberance.
If you show her a piece of work that
you are dissatisfied with, she thinks
it perfectly lovely. If you tell her any
thing that has made you so unhappy
that you felt suicidal she will still gush.
She has a set of stereotyped phrases
tfe\9 tfork as a foreign City
IN THE city of New York there ar«
only 737,477 white persons born
of native parents, or but 21.4 per
cent of the population of the city.
This statement means that out of
every one hundred persons living with
in the municipal boundaries of New
York seventy-eight are either foreign
ers, or the children of foreign-born
parents, or colored people. New York,
however, Is not the first, but the second
city of the country having the largest
Jeffries and pitzsimmons
M Jf UCH twaddle has been
/\f \ written about the Jeffries-
Fltralmmons fight. A
9* sportsman is one who ac
cepts victory or defeat
with calm. Victory is preferable, but
as defeat is, at the best, among the
possibilities, it should bring in its wake
no tears. There is a great gap between
was universally understood that we, on
our part, would aid her by providing
such reciprocal commercial advantages
as would enable her to be self-reliant
and self-supporting. The Monroe Doc
trine, which we had declared three
quarters of a century ago and insisted
upon as our right, was wrought into a
compact between the two countries,
so that thenceforth, as to Cuba, it was
no longer to rest upon assertioa alone
but upon constitutional agreement.
While we did not ask of Cuba in form
that she should not enter into commer
cial arrangements with other countries
to our disadvantage, the natural cur
rents of trade made it a practical im
possibility for her to do so, and a
commission sent to us from her con
stitutional convention returned home
with the just expectation that a com
pliance with our desires as to her con
stitutional guarantees would be follow
ed by the establishment of mutual
trade relations which would prove to
be of great economic advantage to her.
The constitutional convention of Cuba
asked, as a return for their acceptance
of the provisions which we had re
quested, that there should be some
promise given by the United States of
the establishment of advantageous re
lations with us. In the nature of
things such a promise was impossible,
but the convention was asked to act
in the premises and to trust the Unit
ed States. It did incorporate into its
constitution provisions which we
thought essential for us, and it did
trust us to provide by legislation, or
treaty, commercial advantages which
she could not obtain from other coun-
attractiveness and very little self-re
spect. There is, perhaps, no other
walk in life where lack of ability is so
toleiably rewarded, but the rewards,
such as they are, are soon likely to lose
their savor for even the most thought
less and feather brained.
To a different type of aspirant the
stage is a sterner mistress during the
preliminary years of novitiate and
training, but when it does finally con
fer upon the serious ones its finer and
more dignified rewards, it confers them
with a generous hand. I know many
a highly educated and carefully trained
writer, whose earnings, either in fame
or money, are not to be compared with
those of some merely competent lead
ing man or woman in a standard or
ganization. And, going higher up, I
have been assured by publishers that
the profits of a highly successful
"star," so-called, will sometimes exceed
in a single season the amounts which
some novelist or historian of sound
reputation can accumulate in a whole
life time of laborious writing. This,
perhaps, may not be as it should be,
but the fact that it is so only goes to
not only commendable and useful
when controlled by correct principles,
but indispensable to the management
of great business enterprises, incident
to our phenomenal commercial and
industrial development. One of Its
purposes 1b to protect a considerable
portion of the public who are in danger
of suffering far greater loss than are
the consuming classes, to whom the
formation of a trust may perhaps mean
a slight increase in the cost of living.
The class referred to is the extensive
one comprised of small investors, of
which a considerable portion are wo
men or residents of more or less isolat
ed localities, who are, perhaps, some
what hadicapped in the matter of ac
quiring full knowledge regarding the
exact character of the giant corpora
tion whose stock is offered for sale In
the open market, and yet are led to
invest by reason of the business repu
tation of the men who are at the head
always on tap and no matter what
happens Its:
"Charmed, I am sure."
"Perfectly charming."
"Charmed to meet you."
"How charming you look!" and a lot
more that just makes you tired.
If she goes to an entertainment and
meets you, she rushes up and- greets
you so effusively that It is wholly em
barrassing, and the guests are all thor
oughly convinced that you dote on one
another. She clings to you in a man
ner that would make the old ivy and
oak story sue for a divorce, and de
prives you of the pleasure of meeting
others whom you have been dying to
see for months.
She is an unqualified bore, and when
she starts to elaborate you by telling
who you are, and what you are, and
where you came from, and all that you
ever did do, or did not do, or ought to
have done, it makes a sensible woman
feel like rushing off to the foolish
If one sings at an entertainment in
foreign-born population. Fall River,
Mass., 4s first in that respect. Official
figures show that there are in New
York city more males under twenty
one years of Slavonic parentage than
of any other people, and the number
of Slavonic men more than twenty-one
years of age exceeds that of any other
nationality except Germans and Irish.
In the Fourteenth Assembly district
of New York county the percentage
of Hebrew families with nine children
each is six times as great as the prot-
the sportsman and the "sporting man."
The latter is a nondescript who apes
the former. He is as a selling plater
to a champion stake horse. He it is
who talks twaddle about the Jeffries-
Fitzimmons fight as a "fake." He uses
slang always. It is part of his stock
in trade. It is a badge of his calling,
or want of one. The more slang he
tries. So, up to the opening of our
last congress, all was well. The Cub
an constitution was adopted. Com
plete independence awaited only the
necessary successive steps for its es
tablishment. Its merchants, its plant
ers and laborers, waited in trustful
confidence that the Unitel States,
through its congress, would provide
for the industrial as it had already
provided for the political Independence
of Cuba. Not only was this anticipat
ed in Cuba, but here as well. No one
could have foreseen that the United
States would deliberately refuse to
discharge its obligation. The United
States had never been a faith breaker;
its worst enemy could not have pre
dicted that it would become one. And
then a strange thing happened.
The principal crop of Cuba is cane
sugar, or rather, it may be said that
the two principal crops are sugar and
tobacco. Until its industries shall
have become more diversified, the pros
perity of the island depends upon these
crops, and upon its ability to produce
them with profit. By reason of the
over-production of sugar in the world,
of the indebtedness accumulated by
planters in Cuba and their losses sus
tained during the war, it may be as
serted without fear of contradiction
that, on the whole, sugar production
had become unprofitable in the island.
The same was true, though in a lesser
degree, of tobacco. The United States
could well afford, in return for trade
advantages to be secured by us, to
make such reductions in the tariff upon
sugar, tobacco, and other products of
Cuba as would place its industries on
prove that the rewards of work on the
stage are really extraordinary when
the work is dignified by ability, orig
inality and conscientiousness:" Some
times these rewards are given to play
ers who do not possess much ability or
conscientiousness, but you will find
that perhaps they do possess, in a large
measure, the saving grace of original
ity—and that is a quality for which
the slage pays and pays well.
The stage would hold more for the
American girl if more American girls
who aspire to its rewards would come
to it better equipped mentally. Edu
cation .is the crying need of the theat
rically ambitiouus. A young woman
wrote me recently saying that some
four years ago her efforts in an ama
teur presentation of "As You Like It"
by a seminary had won her the com
mendation of an American manager,
who thereupon offered her a position in
his stock company. "With good sense
far- beyond her years she declined on
the plea that she was sure the com
pletion of her collegiate course would
better equip her for serious work on
the stage when once slie did enter upon
-of the institutions, or by reason of the
stories of fabulous profits which have
been circulated with reference to ope
rations in the field in which the pub
lic is given an opportunity to invest.
"With compulsory publicity turning a
search-light on the antecedents and to
a certain extent upon the operations
of one of these powerful corporations
the ordinary citizen will at least have
an opportunity to exercise his judg
ment untrammeled. In short, each
citizen will have the same opportunity
to pass upon the standing of a cor
poration that he now enjoys in the
case of a national bank. If, on the
other hand, there are indications of
excessive capitalization, the prospec
tive investor is apprised of it in ad
vance; whereas, if, having Invested
his money in a corporation, a stock
holder is at a loss to understand an
absence of dividends or other disap
pointing circumstances, he has an op-
a voice so cracked that you expect to
see both the singer and the voice drop
Into bits, she gushes and wishes she
had the gift, while you thank a mer
ciful providence that she hasn't. If
any one recites, no matter how inter
esting the entertainer or her theme,
the gushee gushes, and wishes she had
the talent. No matter what may be
your qualifications, If she can find
something to exploit and make it seem
that she is the only one who knows
you and is retailing a bit of news, she
is "dee-lighted," and her friend is so
"dee-lightful," until you feel half
ashamed of being outside of the com
monplace average.
There are women who are conspicu
ous by reason of talent, personality or
social environment, but such .women
are generally level-headed and don't
want to run around tagged, "I am So
and-So," and while all talent appre
ciates success and kindly considera
tion, yet the woman of mark prefers to
be received courteously for her own
personal self, rather than for the sake
estant percentage, while the number
of Hebrew families with no children
at all is but about one-half the Prot
estant percentage. South of Four
teenth street and east of Broadway,
in the borough of Manhattan, where
the foreign-born people are most num
erous, there live 538,494 persons. That
is to say, that 28.4 per cent of the pop
ulation of the borough live in less than
10 per cent of its area. In this region
is the Eighth Assembly district, whose
ninety-eight acres have an average of
has at his disposal the more highly
does he esteem himself. He bursts in
to raucous song when he xins. The
loss of wager, be it ever so small,'ex
tracts from him yelps about foul play.
He yelps even without belief, as in this
particular case. The longest odds of
fered upon Jeffries were three to one.
very little money was wagered upon
a profitable basis, and it was well un
derstod both in Cuba and the United
States that such aqtion would be tak
en. President Roosevelt in his mes
sage had recommended such "substan
tial tariff reductions" as were neces
sary to insuure industrial prosperity.
Then arose a cloud in the sky. We
had begun in several states to pro
duce sugar from beets, and for many
years we had been producing in one
or two states sugar from cane. All
at once, and without reason, the cry
was raised that any reduction of the
duty on sugar coming from Cuba would
injure, strike down, and destroy the
beet and cane sugar industry of the
United States. Members and Senators
from states in which these industries
were established became first timid,
then needlessly frightened, lest their
assent to legislation favoring recipro
cal trade relations with Cuba would
lose them their seats. Most of these
senators and representatives were Re
publicans. They were few in number
compared to the whole body of Re
publicans, but they were numerous
enough, by joining with the Democrats
who were ready for any action which
should divide Republican forces, to pre
vent wise and necessary legislation;
and so the contest began.
As time went on facts were ignored,
fears were magnified, prejudice invok
ed, until reason and cool judgment
seemed to have entirely departed. Two
assertions, neither of which could b»
sustained by proof, formed the con
trolling basis of action by the few Re
publicans who have been spoken 'of.
First, the assertion that, to reduce the
that career.
" But such a letter as her's is the very
rare exception. So many of the ama
teurs who write to me about their de
sire to go on the stage have much to
say concerning their souls and certain
tempermental qualifications which
they think warrant thefti in becoming
players. All this is interesting, but
strikes me as not being to the point.
I almost never had one to write to me
to say that he or she was taking les
sons in fencing, voice training, or Eng
lish literature as a preparation to a
stage career. All that seems to be
deemed of small account, and yet some
excellence in fencing, voice training,
and English literature should be the
very first steps in any preparation for
the stage. It makes no difference if
these lessons be learned in a dramatic
school, in the ranks of a minor com
pany, or in a barn.
Some of the letters I receive are not
even neatly written, much less in good
taste, or with grammatical propriety.
A considerable proportion of them do
not betray any acquaintance with the
amenities of correspondence, and yet
portunity to probe for its cause in the
facts open to the public regarding the
amount of stock upon which dividends
must be based, the salaries, and the
operating expenses of the corporation
in question.
An important feature is the prac
tical certainty that a restraining in
fluence of this character would tend
to" deter more or- less unscrupulous
persons from foisting upon the public
industrial and commercial investments
of unsound character. And again, it
would tend to remove the incentive
to abnormally increase the price to the
consumer in order that dividends may
be declared upon a capitalization
greatly in excess of the actual amount
of the capital invested. The contem
plated enforcement of a policy of pub
licity with reference to all corporations
engaged in interstate commerce has
at least the merit that it cannot be
construed as a radical step, and in
of any glory that might attach to her
name, and there is nothing more ag
gravating or more embarrassing to a
refined woman of mark than to find
herself spotted and designated with a
lot of frills when she wishes to be re
ceived only as a guest should be.
Of course there are many women who
like this display and are flattered by
it, who would enjoy hearing their
names shouted through a megaphone
with a brass band attachment when
ever and wherever they, appear, but
such women are rarely gifted with the
worth of individuality that shrinks
from such things.
If a woman cannot bring with her in
her own personality the grace of man
ner and bearing that stamps her as be
ing above mediocrity then all the trum
petings of friends with the gush of
habit will not accomplish it, and will
only lead to embarrassment, which
puts a woman at her worst rather than
her best.
Greatness Is disappointing, as cv-
735 persons to the acre. In the bor
ough of the Bronx the average Is but
7.7, and in the boroughs of Queens
and Richmond but 1.8 to the acre.
There are more persons of foreign
birth in New York than in Chicago,
St. Louis, Philadelphia and Boston
combined. -Manhattan, has not one
assembly district —even on the upper
West side—where the number of for
eign-born residents is below 25 per
cent. There are only three other cities
of more than 25,000 inhabitants in the
the result, as few belived that Fizsim
mons had more than a chance in a hun
dred to win. He had nothing in his
favor. He was three years younger
artd three years stronger when Jeffries
defeated him at Coney Island. It has
been said since that Fitzsimmons was
drugged upon that occasion. I have
seen nearly all of the chief ring fight-
By Qnitle /f. piaft.
tariff on Cuban sugar by 25 or even
20 per cent, would take away the pro
tection enjoyed by beet and cane sugar
producers in the United States—an
assertion which is absolutely ground
less, as is shown by the fact that we
take into our country, free of duty,
500,000 tons of sugar from Hawaii and
Porto Rico, while maintaining the duty
against all other countries, without in
any way interfering with the protec
tion of our own sugar producers. Sec
ond, the assertion that the so-called
sugar trust would derive all the bene
fit resulting from any reduction of the
duty on Cuban sugar—an assertion
which is equally groundless, as is
shown by the fact that Hawaiian
sugar and Porto Rican sugar, though
duty free,' have brought the same price
In American markets as sugars from
Cuba or Germany. The prejudice
against the sugar trust was continual
ly, and most successfully, appeal to.
It was so apparent that any reduction
of the duty upon Cuban sugar propos
ed would not reduce the price of home
produced sugar, that it is not proba
ble that this argument alone could
have resulted In defeating the suggest
ed legislation, and so the plea that the
trust, rather than the Cuban planter,
was to be benefited was the objection
most relied upon.
It is a curious fact that, while there
is a popular belief that combinations
and trusts control legislation in con
gress, it is nevertheless true that the
most effective means of preventing
legislation is to assert that a combina
tion or trust desires it. Even staid
legislators lose their heads when the
By Julia Marlowe.
the writers are ambitious to delineate
characters which, because they have
something to do with the unfolding of
a dramatic situation, are bound to be
either interesting or graceful or com
plex, in a word, are bound to possess
some intellectual or artistic flavor, or
they would not have been introduced
into the drama.
Comparatively few beginners^, have
the slightest acquaintance with such
guide-posts in the history of the stage
as the development of the drama by
the Greeks, the Roman method of
handling tragic and comic scenes, the
return to classic standards by Racine
and Corneille, the influence of Moliere
on the stage of his own time and of
today, the artistic formulae of Goethe
and Schiller, the rise and the decline
of the classic style in England, the
new school of serious drama which at
tempts to set forth some of the prob
lems which are shaking and vexing—to
use Henry Arthur Jones' phrase—the
minds of men today, the lives of Gar
rick, Rachel, Ristori and Booth. I
have mentioned only a few-of the es
sential theses concerning which the
By Charles S. Aiitlefield,
my opinion this is Important, since
it is essential that the national gov
ernment, in whatever direction it may
seek to deal with the subject of capi
talistic combinations, shall proceed with
conservatism. Any drastic measure
would be very likely to upset condi
tions in the business world and in all
probability, therefore, would do more
harm than good.
It must also be remembered, more
over, by persons who have under con
sideration the attitule of the national
legislature in this matter that con
gress has jurisdiction over corpora
tions only when they enter the field of
transportation to the extent of partici
pating in interstate commerce. The
national law-making body can scarce
ly be expected to correct all the evils
involved in the operation of corpora
tions if it has not the co-operation of
the governments of the various states,
and certainly not if some of the states
By Kate C/hyson Man.
eryone knows, and when we hear so
much of certain people and of those
whose names are familiar to us we of
ten experience a decided shock when
meeting them.
The woman who figures in the pub
lic eye knows this and rather avoids
meeting strangers who will be on the
qul vive to see what she looks like and
who will note every detail of dress or
peculiarity of manner. To such a
woman the gushing creature is a posi
tive nightmare and often with her
amiable, well intentioned praise and
lavish compliments is a source of em
barrassment that is absolutely pain
Then the other gushee—who rushes
up to you on the street and kisses you.
That kind of woman puts me in a
panic! I want to call out the fire de
partment, or the police department, or
a vigilance committee or any old thing
to protect me. You can't knock a wo
man down for kissing you, yet homicide
in such cases should be legalized. The
&y jtenry McMillan.
state of New York in which the for
eign-born population is in excess of
that percentage. These are Buffalo,
Rochester and Tonkers, the last almost
part of the metropolis. Note the
changing character of the immigration
in recent years- Until 1890, out of a
grand total of 15,427,657 immigrants
accounted for as arriving in this coun
try, 12,853,828 were natives of Ger
many, Ireland, Great Britain, Canada,
Newfoundland, Norway, Sweden ai*4
Denmark. Between 1891 and 1900, out
3y jtflfred Jfenry £euis 9
ers of the last twenty years at work.
I saw the Coney Island bout and am
quite sure that no man who was not
In prime condition could have made
such a fight as Fitzslmmons made. He
was battered in a way that might
have ended the fistic career of a much
younger man. That He was able to
stand before Jeffries last week for
statement is made that a trust is fav
oring a measure. The sugar trust is,
perhaps, the most unpopular of all
capitalistic combinations in the United
States, and the apprehension excited
by continual reiteration that the leg
islation in question was being sup
ported and would inure to the benefit
of the sugar trust, was most potent.
In the opinion of the writer it was
utterly fallacious. That it was suc
cessful in defeating for the time be
ing the performance of our plain duty
with regard to Cuba, must be admitted.
Nowhere in the United States is pub
lic sentiment so liable to be misunder
stood as in the city of Washington
while congress is in session, and the
fear that the beet-sugar industry
might possibly be injured, and that
the sugar trust might possibly reap
some benefit as a result of the pro
posed legislation, was so skillfully ma
nipulated, so cunningly fostered, and
so persistently and vigorously reiterat
ed, that the main question was prac
tically obscured. Many members took
counsel of their fears rather than of
their judgment; fear developed into
frenzy; suspicion usurped the province
of fact; prejudice was more potent
than reason; the well-considered policy
of two administrations and an over
whelming sentiment of moral obliga
tion were ignored. Pledges were sought
and obtained, until it became apparent
that no legislation looking to the re
lief of Cuba and the extension of our
own trade was possible, except such
sincere beginner should possess, ready
and sympathetic information, yet you
would be appalled to know how very
few of them possess any knowledge at
all on these subjects. The actress
should be a constant reader. It is al
most as necessary to her in her calling
as it is to the writer in his.
Even the beginner should have some- j
thing to express. She should also be
able to express something approaching
the truth. The opinion of some that it
is only necessary to look well, and that
this is half the battle, is fundamentally
erroneous, and far from the mark, ex
ceping possibly when one is consider
ing these questions from the commer
cial point of view, a point of view
which I wish to eliminate entirely from
the present consideration of the sub
ject. That point of view has no
serious connection with the question
of art, and she who does not approach
the drama seriously as an art, cannot
be considered a candidate for the title
successful in the higher sense of the
The women of the period of 1660 and
the decade following, to whi«h belongs
Representative J?n Congress from the J'econd District of Maine*
continue to manifest a willingness to
encourage the organization of corpor
ations of almost any character and
with scarcely any limitation upon their
powers so long as the state is enriched
by the money paid for the privilege.
Compartively limited as the jurisdic
tion of the national government might
appear in the case, I cannot say that
I am at this time in favor of a consti
tutional amendment broadening the
power of congress in this respect. I
would first exhaust our constitutional
power under the interstate commerce
clause. Hundreds of attempts have
been made to amend the constitution
of the United States and in only fifteen
cases has success crowned the effort,
so that it will readily be seen that the
chance of securing remedial action in
this direction is comparatively slight;
whereas, even with a premise of the
certainty of the passage of such an
amendment, the lapse of time neces-
gushee wants to kiss you at the rail
road train at the risk of missing your
train or breaking your neck. She
wants to kiss you on the street car
when the conductor is mad enough to
say bad words while yelling himself
hoarse "An out." She wants to kiss
you when she meets you in a shop and
you are in a- dead heat hurry.
In fact, normal woman, as a rule
hate to kiss another woman. I know
that I do! (beg pardon), and yet they
must submit to the infliction or seem
frightfully rude and say something
that would wound.
An attractive, well-bred woman often
finds herself most unpleasantly hedged
about by these gushing freaks, and
often, undoubtedly, it is almost kindly
meant in every sense of the word. It
is the outgrowth of overdone good in
tentions, or an overwhelming pride
that such a woman takes in being able
to Introduce another who happens to
be her pet admiration, or who by some
of 3,687,464, these countries sent us
but 1,539,926 immigrants. This decline
has been offset by the increase in im
migration from Austria, Hungary, Bo
hemia, Italy, Russia, and the area com
prised within the former territory of
Poland. The censu9 of 1900 shows
that there are in New York 1,007,000
males of voting age. About half of this
aggregate are natives. Of the half
152,000 are not naturalized. Fewer
than half the Italians, Russians and
Poles have taken steps for naturaliza-
eight rounds proves Fitzsimmons to
be a man of abnormal physical pow
ers. Had Sullivan lived according to
the most careful rules of" health he
would still be something of a marvel.
Ten Eyck had passed forty years when
he was champion sculler of the world.
Mr. Q. W. Rice is nearer sixty than
fifty years of age and is still among
United States Senator from Connecticut?
as might be dictated by the opposition
for party advantage without reference
to the interests of Cuba or ourselves. 4
The president, in a special message,!
endavored to call back the attention
of the congress to the real issue, but!
without effect, and so congress ad«^
journed with nothing done.
Meantime, notwithstanding the as"*
sertions of the beet-sugar representa-"
tives that Cuba was in no need, ther^
is serious financial depression there. 4
How acute it will become, time only;
can demonstrate. But, worse than fi-\
nancial depression or distress, there
has grown up in the minds of the peo- i
pie of Cuba a feeling that the United
States has deliberately determined not
to keep faith with them. Economic
disturbance in a country just starting"
on the experiment of self-government,
with little experience in that line, is
bad enough; but'a settled belief on
the part of its people that a nation up
on which they have placed their reli
ance has tricked them, is more sadly
to be deplored. The people of Cuba
will scarcely understand that the few,
representatives who have been able'
temporarily to thwart the will of the !
people of the United States, do not
represent its real sentiment. The re
spect of Cuba can only be regained
when the people of the United States
shall have once more passed upon this!
question, and demonstrated that our!
real purpose is thwarted only for the'
time being, and that our "plain duty"
is yet to be thoroughly and generously,
the honor of having inaugurated the
custom of entrusting feminine roles to
women, were really no less than mar
tyrs to public intolerance and in the
annals of no other life activity will you
find more touching instances of the ab-,
solute devotion to art for art's sake
than in the chronicles of woman's work
on the stage. In the light of what
the pioneer women of the stage did
and in the light of ••hat they suffered,
their descendants of today cannot with
justice to the great names of the past,
take the drama other than seriously )
and reverently. Regarding it thus :
they will bring to it the best there is in
them, and by so doing they will re- .
ceive only the rewards of the stage. |
They will pay none of the old-time
penalties, for the stage today is a bet- |
ter and cleaner institution than ever it
was before. It has never been other- I
wise than good and clean to women
who deserved it from that attitude, and
to every aspirant it holds just what
she makes up her mind it shall hold.
sary before it would come into opera*
tion would constitute a serious draw-
back. It will be remembered that the
minority easily succeeded in defeating ,
a very conservative amendment on
this same line during the last congress. I
I doubt if there is in labor circles
any deep-seated opposition to combi- 1
nations of capital. The sentiment of (
the private citizen on the subject will j
be determined by the effect ui>on his ,
pocket book. If the "trusts" are able j
to supply the necessities of lifc^ at a]
lower cost than it has heretofore been;
possible to procure them, - they will
go far toward disarming opposition; i
but if, on the other hand, they, by.,
stifling competition and over-eapitaliz- '
ation, impose grievous and unjustifl^j
able burdens upon the consumer, vig<
orous agitation for legislation on the]
subject may be expected as a natural
attribute of talent or social standing
Is above or beyond the ordinary.
A woman of generous impulses both!
of word or deed, will always speak
well of another, no matter how black
the record may be against her, she
can always find something kind to say!
in her defense; but this species of i
kindness is very different from the ex-^
travagant gush that comes as a cold :
shower when the subject herself ia .
present and among strangers. There i
is nothing more embarrassing to a]
sensible woman than to be forced toi
listen to rhapsodies centralized on her-»J
The gushing woman thinks she !9,
being awfully sweet, as no doubt she
means to be, but we all know that
there is nothing more nauseating than
an overdose of sweets, and when these
are accentuated by this horror-breed-
ing gush, It is enough to make a "real
lady" want to say some real naughty,'
bad words. Ji
tion. L.ers than 1 per cent of the na
tive voters of foreign birth are without
education. An estimate, based on of- i
ficial returns and special inquiries, di« j
vides the population of the metropolis
by religious beliefs as rollows:
Protestants 1.733.46S
Roman Catholics 1,266,561
Hebrews r. 598,012
It is sufficient to say now that these
figures mark a distinct and changed,
tendency, and that they are the fore-,
runners of new problems.
Cditor of Jhe Onlooker
the greatest of English cricketers. But
there have been no champions of tha
prize ring in the fifty-year-old class.
Youth will be served and, barring ac
cidents, Jeffries has his life in front
of him, not behind him. .He deserves
far less credit for defeating Fitzsim
mons than the latter does for making
such a strong bid for victory.
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