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; THE GLOBE CO.. PUBLISHERS. i (FftCIAL '\j J d£g99fc^: CITY Or rf PAPER Sli PAUL. Entered at Postofflce at St. Paul, Minn., i. - as Second-Class Matter. - |t TELEPHONE CALLS. Northwestern— ' Business—lo6s Main. Editorial— 7B Main. Composing Room—lo34 Main. . Mississippi Valley Business—lo6s. - Editorial— J CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Carrier. J 1 mo | 8 mos 1 12 moa Daily only ..:..... .40 $2.25 $4.0» Daily and Sunday. .60 2.75 6.00 Sunday .15 .75 1.00 I COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Mail. | Imo | 6 moa | 12 moa Daily only 25 $1.60 $3.00 Daily and Sunday. .35 2.00 4.00 Sunday .76 1.00 BRANCH OFFICES. New York. 10 Spruce St., Chan. H. Eddy In Chargre. Chicago. No. 87 Washington St. The F. 8. Webb Company In Charge. TODAY'S WEATHER. For Minnesota—Fair Wednesday and Thursday; light variable winds. For lowa—Fair Wednesday and Thurs day. For Montana —Fair Wednesday ■ and Thursday. For North and South * Dakota— Wednesday- and Thursday; warmer Wednesday. , - For Upper Michigan—Fair Wednesday and Thursday; north to northeast winds. St. Paul — Yesterday's temperatures taken by the United States weather bu reau, St. Paul, P. F. Lyons, observer, for the twenty-four hours ended at 7 o'clock last night—Barometer corrected for tem perature and elevation: Highest temper ature, S2; lowest temperature, 61; average temperature. 72; daily range, 21; barom eter, 30.07; humidity, 70; precipitation, 0; 1 p. m.. temperature, 80; 7 p. m., wind, northwest; weather, clear. Yesterday's Temperatures— •SpmHigh| *SpmHigh Alpena 68 76|Milwaukee ...68 80 Battleford 82 84|Minnedosa ...74 80 Bismarck 76 78 Montgomery .. 88 94 Buffalo 70 74 Montreal 66 78 Boston 72 82 Nashville 72 80 Calgary 72 74 New Orleans..B4 94 Cheyenne 70 76New York ...76 82 Chicago 70 72 Norfolk .. ...72 82 Cincinnati 80 North Platte..64 66 Cleveland 74 So|Omaha 68 70 Davenport ...-72 7S|Philadelphia .74 84 Detroit 76 82 Pittsburg ....74 80 Duluth 68 72|Qu'Appelle ...78 82 Grand Haven..6B 74JSan Francisco.6o 64 Green Bay ...70 82 St. Louis ....66 66 Helena 80 82|Salt Lake SG 90 Huron 78 82|Ste. Marie ...64 74 Jacksonville ..76 Washington ..76 84 Kansas City ..64 72|Winnipeg 62 78 Marquette ....64 68 •Washington time (7 p. m. St. Paul.) River Bulletin— Danger Gauge Change in Stations. Line. Reading. :M Hours. St. Paul 14 1.6 *».l La Cresm 10 1.6 — 0.l Davenport 15 2.7 —0.1 St. Louis 30 18.4 »0.1 ♦Rise. —Fall. River forecast till 8 p. m Wednesday: The Mississippi will change but little in the vicinity of St. Paul. TO OUR FRIENDS. Anyone unable to iccare a ropy of The Globe on any railroad trnin leaving or en» tering St. Paul will confer a favor on the management by reporting the fact to the bun- Inens ofllce. Telephone, Main IOCS. Subscribers annoyed by tr refjnlar or late delivery of The Globe will confer a in. Tor on the management by re porting the fact to the business office. Telephone, Main lOttfJ. WEDNESDAY, AUG. 27, 1902. GENERAL MILES'TRIP. It is a peculiar state of affairs when the lieutenant-general of the American army, the commandant of the military forces of the republic, cannot make a tour of inspection of the field of opera tions in the Philippines, for the first time in four years of American occu pation of those islands, without a hue and cry on the part of politicians, army subordinates and political ed itors and correspondents. Why is it that the commanding gen eral of the American army cannot visit his own forces on a tour of inspection without the report going broadcast from Washington army and political circles that the general's visit should be stopped for fear of friction anf trouble? "Subordinate officials express the fear that Gen. Miles' trip will causa trouble in army circles," say the Wash ington dispatches; and again, "the fear is freely expressed in department quar ters that the tour of Gen. Miles will lead to a renewal of bitterness be tween him and Secretary of War Root." If Gen. Miles, whose ability and ef ficiency have never been questioned, cannot make a tour of inspection and study army conditions in the Philip pines without "trouble in army cir cles," what is the matter with army conditions in the Philippines? Are there conditions over there that require a further grist of court-martials, ar rests and investigations? Is there something over there that needs protection? Are there conditions that cannot withstand the inspection of a fearless and capable commanding general? If that is the case, by all means it is time that Gen. Miles ac quainted himself with the facts of the situation. It may be said that in our Philippine operations there has been too much Smith and too little Miles all along the line of the campaign. Let the na tion know the facts, and let us have Gen. Miles' report. If the fistic achievements of senators are faithfully written in the Congres sional Record that somber publication may yet rival the Police Gazette in popularity. ILLITERACY OF VOTERS. The government census office finds Jn the United States 2,288,470 voters who cannot read or write, out of a to tal voting force of about 21,000,000. That is to say, about 10 per cent are illiterate. In cities of 25,000 population and upwards, there are 339,223 illiterates out of a total of 5,885,644 voters, or about 6 per cent. In the rest of the country there are 1,949,247 illiterates out of a total of 15,248,655 voters, or about 13 per cent. The larger percentage of voters without knowledge of reading and writing in the towns and country, as compared with the cities, is apparent ly due to the fact, that the city popu lation is largely in the Northern states where the public school has made its greatest progress; while the chiefly rural South has a large negro popula tion which until reeont years has not had the benefits of education. It of course does not necessarily fol low that a man who cannot read or write is not capable of voting intelli gently. Such a man may be a success ful farmer or mechanic and may pos sess strong powers of observation and practical judgment in general affairs. He may be a good listener at public meetings, at the country store and cross roads, or at-the fireside when his wife or children may read the family paper in the evening, and be cause of his inability to read for him self he may have cultivated a reten tive memory for that which he hears through others and may be the more independent and earnest in his reason ing upon the facts thus acquired. James Russell Lowell is on record against the proposition that the man who cannot read and write should not be allowed to vote, and in one of his Harvard addresses, we believe it was, gives some strong practical reasons why the ballot should not be limited by educational qualifications. At the same time, it is plain that the voter who cannot read labors un der heavy disadvantages. He cannot study any public question, where the information is contained in the print ed page, for himself. He is at the mercy of others. It is true that hun dreds of thousands of voters who swal low blindly what they read in biased publications- are little better off so far as knowing the questions of the day from an unprejudiced standpoint is concerned; but the latter at least have an opportunity to get for themselves the full and true facts, while the il literate man has not. It is true he may have a literate wife and family or friends; but the very fact of his own illiteracy multiplies the chances that those around him are similarly unfor tunate. More and more as the facts of our industrial, social and political life grow complex, is knowledge the founda tion of the republic. Every year of our life, as a nation, makes the little red school house the corner stone of national progress and stability. That 10 per cent of the voting strength of the nation is still without the com mon school rudiments and dependent upon the hearsay of others for a knowledge of the questions of the day, is a serious fact. Coupled with the day school for the young, there is still a great field for the night school for two million voters of the republic, who have not yet attained that ele mentary education necessary to read the Declaration of- Independence or the constitution of their own country. Boston did not get scared by the noise of the mimic battle off the coast of Massachusetts; but 4fhe old town was stiff with fright when It was thought Cervera's fleet might come that way. DO CROPS GOVERN THE BALLOT? Do Republican politicians imagine that the farmers of the Northwest are such soft marks, that they can be bamboozled into voting high tariff -and trust extortions or any other old thing labeled Republican—simply because the crops happen to be good? Has it got to the point that Repub lican principles and Republican states manship are to be measured by the amount of rainfall in the grain fields and pastures? Is the rainfall due to Dingley tariff schedules or to New Jersey trust ex tortions? Is the phenomenal potato crop and the largely increased product of gilt edged creamery butter due to the statesmanship of Republican congress men who are doing their best to de stroy the farmers' markets for the surplus product by blocking the reci procity treaties and fighting for trade destroying tariff schedules? Are the farmers of the Northwest, because of a generous Providence, go ing to annul the benefits of this pros perity and vote themselves another era of extortionate lumber tariff taxes so as to increase the cost of homes and barns and granaries on the farm? Is the workingman going to vote himself more securely into the clutches of the trust power, simply because his trust employer grants him a 5 per cent increase in wages out of a 50 per cent increase in trust prices? If the ballot of the American citizen can be controlled by the rainfall and the crop yield, where is the boasted intelligence and independence of the republic? The Globe does not believe that the people of Minnesota have yet sunk to that minus degree of intelligence and patriotism, that self-seeking poli ticians and tariff-protected trusts can count upon the ballots of our com monwealth for such causes as the rainfall and the crops due to the boun ty of Providence. If Republican politicians are banking upon the proposition that the voters of the Northwest are such partisan mad fools that they can be voted with the crops, regardless of causes or prin ciples, theYe may be some sadly disap pointed politicians in November. It is exactly ten years since 1892, which was another 1902 in crop boun ties; but that did not save the party of high tariffs and trust taxes from defeat at the polls in November, and the election of a Democratic president. History sometimes repeats itself. When the farmers and workingmen, and the great intelligent middle class in every rank of life, go to the polls In November, they may ask of the Republican politicians in power, not how many inches of rainfall came to the season's crops, but how long the trusts of this republic are to be pro tected in their tax extortion by R«- THE ST. PAUL GLOBS, WEDNESDAY, publican tariff laws and special privi leges ? It is never safe for a political organ ization to bank upon the ignorance of the American voter; it does not al ways work. Sending Miles to the Philippines in order to prevent the old soldiers from showing him signal honor is a clever invention of his enemies, but Its pur pose may fail. Though absent in body, Miles will still be dear to the heart of the volunteer, from whose ranks he sprung. TARIFF AGAIN THE ISSUE. Seconding the efforts of Secretary Shaw, who, speaking ex cathedra for the administration, declares for no change in the tariff until after 1904, the Republican congressional com mittee is using as the "t piece de resistance of its document de partment Senator Gallinger's fa mous defense of the high tariff, the speech entitled, "Prosperity and Pro tective Tariff." The mails are to be flooded with this defense of the Ding ley bill and its high tariff predeces sors, in lieu of the speeches in defense of the colonial and imperial policy. If the beet sugar insurgents have ac complished nothing else, they appar ently have accomplished this, namely, they have scared the Eastern tariff beneficiaries into looking after the pro tective fences and forced the organiza-r tion to take the stand that there must be no breach whatever in the tariff wall. Thus the tariff again becomes the issue of the political campaign. The slogan has gone forth —"We tariff beneficiaries must stand or fall together, and there must be no favor itism and no exceptions." Congressman Babcock has been call ed off from his assault on the tariff ramparts of the steel trust. The beet sugar insurgents -are being placated with eulogistic platitudes and given substantial * support for renomination. Even Mr. Tawney's argument, that three-fourths of the Democrats on the floor of congress stood for Cuban rec iprocity, "is being employed to prove that opposition to that measure, de spite the president's position, is Re publican and regular. It is now clear that after the pri maries are over in Minnesota and the candidates for congress have been placed in nomination, we shall hear no more low tariff talk from Repub lican leaders. We shall have no more letters and speeches from Republican candidates In the nine congressional districts of this state declaring for free lumber. There will be no more Re publican denunciation of Republican congressmen fnd senators for oppos ing a 25 per cent reduction of the duty on Cuban sugar. There will be no more Republican declarations for im mediate tariff reduction and revision. There will no demand from Repub lican leaders for even the removal of the tariff from trust made and trust controlled goods. This kind of Democratic talk will be permitted up to Sept. 16 for the uses of the campaign for nominations, and must then cease. Otherwise, the support of the national committee will not be forthcoming. After, that date all such talk will be left to the Demo crats, and the blessings of an undis turbed era of universal high tariff will be the gospel of the Republican cam paign until election day. The tariff issue will be drawn strict and hard from that point, and above the flood of campaign tracts on "Pros perity and the Protective Tariff" we shall hear the cry that the Democrats are endeavoring to destroy prosperity by a free trade conspiracy in the in terests of the "pauper labor of Europe." And then we shall have an ocean of tears over the threatened fate of our poor "infant industries" cradled down among the mosquitoes of New Jersey. Mr. Tracy, late of Washington state, doubtless now regrets that he did not" take a few lessons in mysterious dis- appearance of Pat Crowe, Tascott, or Bartholin, before he made his justly celebrated escape. Mr. Frick announces his candidacy for the United States senate by deny ing he is a candidate. Otherwise no one would have thought of him in that con nection. The Globe suggests the governor of Michigan as a proper candidate on the Republican ticket for the vice pres idency—on the condition that he does not appoint Russell A. Alger senator. If Gen. Miles ever sets sail for the Philippines he should take care to as certain If the vessel's captain has sealed orders which when opened may contain instructions to scuttle the ship. Sam Small staggering through an ar gument in favor of local option was a sight calculated to elate the prohibi tionists, whose cause he was trying to hinder. Field Marshal Wolseley*s certificate of the superiority of the United States army was entirely unsolicited and hence the more valuable. Senator William E. Mason of Illinois is having his fun with the other poli ticians of the state, but they are not enjoying it a little bit. Since he took to lecturing on "Money and Morals" Henry Watterson is re ported to buy nothing but blues, in stead of depreciated reds. Graveyards are multiplying and tombstones rising for those who per sist in driving automobiles along the highway at railroad speed. Edison is now promising an automo bile for $150, thus placing a ready means of destruction within the reach of all. The habit of "swinging 'rouad the circle has not, in times past, been pro motive of political success. Let Roose velt take heed. If Cuba ever floats that loan she will have to discover some kind of water proof paper on which to write it ™™Sir* l be ° rßiven if the weather man will keep the : present article on tap until after the state fair : : : There being a temporary lull in the world's excitement, why not reargue the Schley-Sampson case? The gentle art of train robbing is be ing cultivated to overproduction in the W GSt, Appendicitis ig no longer the fash- ionable disease", having been super ceded by->aut«mobilitls. * V- • AJ TI^E THEATERS. Chauncay Otaott, in his new play, "Old Limerick. Town," will open the season of 1902-1903 at the Metropolitan Opera house Saturday night. Mr. Ol cott and his. company arrived in St. Paul yesterday* morning, and reported at the Metropolitan for rehearsal at 10:35. Augustus Pltou, Olcott's man ager and author of "Old Limerick Town," is., personally- superintending the rehearsals and staging the produc- Mr. Oleptt'ap engagement in "Old Limerick Town" at the Metropolitan is for eight nights and two matinees, be ginning Saturday night; the first night of this play will be a theatrical event of considerable importance, not only to local playgoers, but to managers, theatrical people and the general pub lic of cities in which Mr. Olcott is booked to appear this season. There will be two performances of "In Old Kentucky" at the Grand Opera house today, the first matinee of the engagement occurring at 2:30, and the regular evening performance at 8:15, and there is every indication that the record-breaking attendance that has been marked of the engagement thus far will continue during the balance of the week. Rose Melville in "Sis Hopkins," is the very attractive menu announced for fair week. Miss Melville is this season said to have a splendid supporting company, and the production is prom ised to be the biggest and best the play has ever received. HINT AT CANAL TAINT Continued From First Page. munition at. the Nicaraguan port of Corinto. Think Berti Holding His Ground. COLON, Colombia, Aug. 26.—The government is without authentic news from Aqua Dulce, but it believes that in spite of the non-receipt of supplies by Gen. B«rti and the doubtless contin ued insurgent attacks upon his forces, this general is still holding his ground and bearing bravely, along with the rest of hisi followers, the privations in cidental to the siege of Aqua Dulce, which ha% ; already lasted nearly one month. GEN. MILES' TRIP TO THE PHILIPPINES It Is Announced It Will Be Given Over rSolely to Military Purposes. WASHINGTON, D. C., Aug. 27.—1t developed that Gen. Miles' application to go to the Philippines was of com paratively recent date and was in no way. connected with his application of several months ago. When the first application was made it was met with counter suggestions as to terminating the war, and Secretary Root's refusal to grant the first request was based largely upon these phases of the ap plication. In view of this it is thought that Gen. Miles restricted his second application so as to make the trip one for purely military purposes. Al though the text of the application was not given out at the war department, it is said that one of its features was a request that the return from the Philippines be by way of the Eastern route. As the application was approv ed, Gen. Miles will return by this route, which will insure his visiting Europe on his way back to America. It is expected that Mrs. Miles will accompany the general to the Philip pines and it may be that his married daughter, who is the wife of Col. Re ber, one of the general's aids, will ac company the party. The general will return tomorrow from his New Eng land trip when his plan will'be more fully made known. The order issued to Gen. Miles is signed by William Carey Sanger, act ing secretary of war, and is as fol lows : - "War Department, Aug. 25, — Sir I have the honor to state that your application for authority to in spect that portion of the army serv ing in the Philippines is approved by the president. You will sail about the 15th of September, and jn inspecting the condition of the .army will give particular attention to its instruction, discipline and to supplies of all kinds." CYCLONE SWEEPS ISLAND OF MAJORCA Enormous 1 Damage Thought to Have Been Done—Houses Destroyed and Lives Lost. BARCELONA, Spain, Aug. 26.— News has reached here of a fearful cyclone at Felanitz, on the island of Majorca. Enormous damage is re ported to have been done; houses have been destroyed and lives have been lost BIDS FOR LIGHTING AND HEATING JAIL COME UP County Commissioners Will Consider Offers of Two Companies. The county commissioners will meet at the court house this morning to con sider the heating and lighting proposi tions submitted by the Dwyer Heating and Plumbing company, and the St Paul Gas Lighting company. The Dwyer people's proposition is to the effect that if the city awards them the contracts for installing the plant at a cost of $4,000 they will run it at a cost of $2,775- per annum. The Gas company's proposition in substance agrees to heat and light the jail for five years at $3,900 a year, and three years at $4,000 a year. DETAIL FOR COURT^AT SNELLING IS ANNOUNCED Military Tribunal to Convene at the For* Tomorrow. A court-martial will convene at Fort Snelling Thursday. The officers to constitute the Icourt are the following all of the Twenty-first infantry: Capt Tredwell W. Moore, Capt. Herman Hall! Capt. Thomas F. Dwyer, First Lieut James M. JLove' Jr., First Lieut. Neil A Campbell, ■ First" Lieut. Clarnard Mc- Laughlin, , First Lieut Edmund S Sawyer Jv., Second Lieut. Clifford U* .Leonard, Second Lieut. Cleveland Hil son, Second Lieut. George C Mullen Second Lieut. William B. Kitts, and First Lieut. Lucius C. Bennett. MANY LOCAL GRAND ARMY MEN GOING TO WASHINGTON Delegation Over 400 Strong Will Be Taken East On a Special Train. The members of the St. Paul and Min neapolis G. A. R. posts who have arrang ed to attend the national encampment at Washington next month will constitute a delegation 400 strong. The party will be taken to Chicago over the Chioaeo Great Western in a special train. AUGUST 27, 1902. FIRST SEES ' A PRESIDENT Continued From First Page. tiful day, and the air was cool and bracing. At every stopping place along the line a great crowd had gathered and the president was accorded a gen uine down-East welcome. At Old Orchard, where the special train made its first stop, after crossing the statf line, thousands of persons from all parts of York and Lower Cumberland counties, had gathered. The halt was a brief one, only twenty minutes, but the president, after receiving a tumultuous greeting, spoke briefly before the jour ney was continued. Upon his arrival in this city the president was joined by Senator W. R Frye, and, after speaking briefly to a great 'crowd in" Railway square, was taken for a drive about the city. Greeted by a Salute. It was 2:10 when the presidential party reached Portland from Old Or chard, Me., where Mr. Roosevelt spoke briefly. As the train arrived at Union station a salute of twenty-one guns was fired by the Portland naval re serves. President Roosevelt was met by Mayor Boothby and introduced to a delegation of citizens, including Thpmas B. Reed, Judge William L. Putnam, Judge Clarence Hale, ex-Gov. Henry H. Cleaves, Gen. Joshua L. Chamberlain, James H. Baxter and ex- Gov. Frederick Robie. The president was escorted to a platform just outside the train shed and spoke for fifteen minutes to a crowd that filled the great square. The president said: "Mr. Mayor, and You, My Fellow Citizens, Men and Women of Maine: I wish to say a word to you in recogni tion of a great service rendered not only to all our country, but the entire people of democratic government throughout the world, by one of your citizens. The best institutions are no good if they won't work. I do not care how beautiful a theory is. If it won't fit in with the facts it is no good. If you build the handsomest engine and it won't go its usefulness would be limited. Well, that is just about the way that congress had become at the time when Thomas Brackett Reed was elected speaker. We had all the ma chinery, but it did not work. That was the trouble, and you had to find some powerful man who would disregard the storm of obloquy sure to be aroused by what he did to get it to work. Praises Thomas B. Reed. "Such a man was found when Tom Reed was made speaker of the house. Now we may differ among ourselves as to policy. We may differ among ourselves as to what course govern ment should follow, but if we possess any intelligence we must be a unit. If government cannot go on it is no gov ernment. If the legislature cannot en act laws, then there is no use of mis naming it a legislative body, and if it is according to principle the ma jority is to rule, some method by which it can rule must be provided. Govern ment by the majority in congress had practically come to a stop when Mr. Reed became speaker. Mr. Reed, at the cost of infinite labor, at the cost of the fiercest attacks, succeeded in restoring that old principle and now through congress we can do as well or ill, according as the people demand, but at any rate we can do something. "We will be that much ahead and we owe it more than to any other one man to your fellow citizen, Mr. Reed. And it is a great thing for the city, a great thing for any man, to be able to feel that in some one crisis he left his mark deeply scored for good in the history of his country, and Tom Reed has the right to that feeling. "Now a word or two more. I was greeted here not only by your mayor, not only by other men standing high, but by you, General (turning to Gen. Joshua L«. Chamberlain), to whom it was given at the supreme moment of the war to win the supreme reward of a soldier. All honor to the man, and may we keep ourselves from envying because to him came the supreme good fortune of winning the medal of honor for mighty deeds done in the mightiest battle that the nineteenth century saw—Gettysburg. Two Kinds of Greatness. "There are two kinds of greatness that can be achieved. There is the greatness that conies to the man who can do what no one else can do. That is a mighty rare kind, and of course It can only be achieved by the man of special and unusual qualities. Then there is the other kind that comes to the man who does the things that every one could do, but that every one does not do. (Applause.) "To do that, you first of all have got to school yourself to do the ordin- ary commonplace things. "Now, General, I was a very little time In my war; you were a long time in yours. I didn't see much fighting, but I saw a lot of human nature. I recollect one young fellow who came down to join a cavalry regiment. He was filled with enthusiasm, thinking he was going to look all the time like my friend who welcomes me over there (pointing to a man dressed in khaki uniform, mounted on a dummy horse), and whom I want to thank for coming to meet me. After three days the young man came down to me and said, 'Colonel, I wish to make a complaint, sir. I came down here to fight for my country and the captain has put me to work digging kitchen sinks.' (Laugh ter.) "I asked the captain about it and he said, 'yes.' The captain was a large man from New Mexico and he explain ed to that excellent youth that he would go on digging kitchen sinks and that when the fighting came he should have all the fighting there was, but at present his duty was to dig kitchen sinks. In other words he had to do the small duties that were done, and there by best fit himself to do jthe big duties that might come in the future." Incidents of the Trip. AUGUSTA, Me., Aug. 26.—President Roosevelt today passed through three states, delivered eight speeches and received the plaudits of a quarter of a million of people. The day's journey was not without its incidents. As the president was about to board his car at South Law rence, Mass., after delivering his ad dress, the leader of the band stepped up and made himself known to him. He said his name was Banan, a former cow puncher and barber at Medora, N. D., where the president's ranch is lo cated. The president immediately recognized him and greeted him as an old friend. The man evidently desir ing the president to know that he had profited by his advice given some years ago, said to him: "You told me to get married and settle down and I did. I have six chil dren myself," which afforded the president no little amusement. While on his way through the streets of Port land his carriage was stopped and he was presented with an album con taining views of the city. He stood up in his carriage and briefly thanked the donor, Capt. Charles F. Dam. He has been the recipient of many floral gifts, and where the admirers were unable to get near enough personally to hand them to him, they threw them over the heads of the crowd into his carriage. Visited by Littlefield. Conspicuous among those who boarded the train at Old Orchard to extend a welcome to the president was Congressman Littlefield, of Rock land. His visit was bri^f, and the con versation turned on other subjects than trusts. Mr. Littlefield declined to comment on the president's speech of last night, pleading that he had not finished reading it. When Danville Junction was reach ed the president was escorted by Post master General and Mrs. Payne. Mrs. Garret A. Hobart and Mrs. Charles Emory Smith. Mr. Payne accom panied the president to Lewistown. Some stops were made which were not on the itinerary. At Lisbon, Lis bon Falls and Brunswick, Me., im mense crowds gathered and the presi dent, in response to their clamorous .calls, was obliged to appear on the rear platform and say a few words. Although the day had been a particu larly hard one on him, the president gave but slight signs of fatigue. To night he is the guest of Gov. Hill, who met him at the depot and escorted him to his residence, where the president made a short address. The governor's house has become historic because of the fact that it was the home of James G. Blame, and the president occupies tonight the identical bedroom used by that states- Refers Feelingly to Blame. The president said this evening: "It would be difficult for any man speaking to this audience, and for anyone in front of the house in which Blame once lived, to fail to feel whatever of Amer icanism there was in him stirred to the depths. For my good fortune, I knew Mr. Blame quite well when he was sec retary of state, and I have thought again and again during the past few years how pleased he would have been to see so many of the principles for which he had stood approach fruition. One secret, perhaps I may say, the chief secret of Mr. Blame's extraor dinary hold upon the affections of his countrymen, was his entirely genuine and unaffected Americanism. And Mr. BJaine possessed to an eminent de gree the confident hope in the nation's future to fit herself for a great destiny. He felt that the republic must in every way take the lead in the Western hemisphere.*" He felt that tKis republic must take a great part jftnong the great nations of the earth. The last four years have shown how true that feeling of his was. He had always hoped that we would have a peculiarly inti mate relation with the countries south of us. He could hardly have antici pated—no one could have—the Spanish war a nd its effects. In consequence of that war America's interest in the tropic islands to our south and the seas and coasts surrounding those islands, is far greater than ever before. His View of the Monroe Doctrine. "Our interest in the Monroe doctrine is more concrete than ever before The Monroe doctrine is simply a statement of our very firm belief that on this con tinent the nations now existing here must be left to work out their own destinies among themselves, and that the continent Is no longer to be regard ed as colonizing ground for any European power. The one power on the continent that can make that doctrine effective is, of course, ourselves; for in the world as it is, gentlemen, the na tion which advances a given doctrine likely to interfere in any way with other nations, must possess power to back it up if she wishes the doctrine to be respected. We stand firmly on the Monroe doctrine, and the events of the last nine months have rendered it evi dent that we shall soon embark on the work of excavating the isthmian canal to connect the two great oceans—a work destined to be probably the great est engineering feat of the twentieth century; a greater engineering feat than has ever been successfully at tempted by the nations of mankind and as it is the biggest thing of its kincT to be done, I am glad it is the United States that is to do it." Germany Is Alarmed. BERLIN, Aug. 26.—President Roose velt's advocacy of government super vision of trusts has caused the Post, of this city, to discuss anew the "Ameri can trust danger." It says "Germany, indeed all Europe, must be on its guard." The Kreuz Zeitung, in a leader on American Imperialism," says: "Amer ican arrogance is directed not only against Germany, but against all Europe. This arrogance is the out growth of the puritanical belief in the Lnited States' God-given mission, and its own invulnerable position." TROY LEADS IN COLLARS AND CUFFS Census Bureau Issues a Bulletin on the Concentration of Industries in Various Cities. WASHINGTON, D. C, Aug. 26.—The census bureau today issued a bulletin on the localization of industries, which shows that, measured by the value of products, more than 85 per cent of the collar and cuff manufactury is carried on in' Troy; more than 85 per cent of the oyster-can ning industry in Baltimore, Md.; more than 54 per cent of the manufacture of gloves in the adjoining cities of Glovers ville and Johnstown, N. V.; more than 54 per cent of the coke manufacture in the Connellsville district, Pa.; more than 57 per cent of the manufacture of brass ware in Waterbury, Conn.; more than 45 per cent of the manufacture of carpets in Philadelphia. Pa.; more than 45 per cent of the manufacture of jewelry in Providence, R. I. and the adjoining towns of Attleboro and North Attleboro, Mass.; more than 36 per cent of the silverware manufacture in Providence, R. I.; more than 35 per cent of the slaughtering and meat packing industry in Chicago. 111.; more than 32 per cent of the manufac ture of plated and brittania ware in Mer idan. Conn.; more than 24 per cent of the agricultural implement industry in Chica go, and more than 24 per cent of the silk industry in Paterson, N. J. The number of wage-earners engaged -in slaughtering and meat packing in South Omaha, Neb., constitute 90 per cent of the total number employed in all in dustries in the city during that year. The iron and steel industry formed 89 per cent of all the Industries in McKeesport, Pa.; the pottery industry 87 per cent in East Liverpool, Ohio; the fur hat industry 86 per cent of Bethel, Conn.; the glass indus try 81 per cent of Tarentum, Pa.; the cot ton goods industry 80 per cent in Fall River, Mass.; the boot and shoe industry 77 per cent in Brockton. Mass.; the silk manufacture 76 per cent in West Hoboken, N. J.; the glove manufacture 75 per cent in Gloversville, N. V.; the jewelry manu facture 72 per cent in North Attleboro, Mass.; the collar and cuff industry 69 per cent in Troy, N. Y. ANOTHER TREMENDOUS RUSH FOR FARMS IN OKLAHOMA Four-Mile Strip Detached From the Chickasaw Nation. EL RENO. Okla.. Aug. 26. —The decision of the supreme court attaching a strip of land four miles wide to Oklahoma in the Chickasaw Nation has brought thou sands of people here to file at the land office, and today more than 400 filings" were rejected. Special trains are bringing additional crowds, and the rush for these lands promises to be almost as' great as the opening last fall. There are about 1,500 farms in the strip. PAYS A GIRL $2 000 TO BECOME HIS WIFE Zanko Vlassic Secures a Seventeen- Year-Old Grecian Bride by Di rect Purchase. Special to The Globe. PITTSBURG, Pa,, Aug. 26.—1n com pliance with an agreement made in Greece by her father and the father of the groom, Sophie Plawosch, sev enteen years old, today became the bride of Zanko Vlassic, and thereby became the possessor of $2,000. The couple were sweethearts and school mates before Vlassic came to this country six years ago. Six months ago he wrote and asked her to marry him. She refused to come, but Vlassic, through her father, offered her $2,000 to become his wife. At the conclusion of the ceremony to day the money was paid over. TO FUSE IN NEVADA DEMOCRATS AND SILVER MEN PREPARE TO GET TOGETHER IN MINING STATE GOLD DEMOCRAT WILL BE NAMED FOR GOVERNOR California Republicans Take Ineffectual Ballots for Governor—They Indorse President Roosevelt and Declare Strongly in Favor of Putting a Check on the Trusts. RENO, Nev., Aug. 26.—When the Democratic convention was called to order this afternoon J. A. Denton, of Lincoln, was chosen temporary chair- ■» man. The committee on credentials was appointed after which the conven tion adjourned until tonight to attend a reception tendered the delegates by Francis G. Newlands. The silver convention was called to order at the same hour and Gov. Sad ler elected temporary chairman. A committee on credentials was appoint ed and reported, after which the con vention adjourned for the same pur pose as the Democratic wing of the organization adjourned for. The indications are that there will be a fusion and that John Sparks, a gold Democrat from Washoe, who vot ed for McKinley two years ago, will be the fusion nominee for governor. Lem Allen, of Churchill, *vill be the nominee for lieutenant governor. C. D. Vanduser, another Democrat, will ba the fusion candidate for congress. Committees on permanent organiza tion, resolutions, platform and confer ence was appointed at tonight's ses sion and the two conventions ad journed until tomorrow. RESOLVE AGAINST THE TRUSTS. California Republicans Also lndors< President Roosevelt. SACRAMENTO, Cal., Aug. 2^-Th< Republican state convention Voda3 adopted a platform deploring the deatfc of President William McKinley. The administration of President RooseveH is indorsed and he is especially thank ed for -his support of measures pe culiarly beneficial to the interests oi the Pacific coast, such as the reclama tion of arid lands, the exclusion ol Chinese and the isthmian legislation. The convention indorses the "firm but enlightened policy pursued in the Philippines, which has secured peace in the islands," and urges that "con tention over our policy in the Philip pines should now cease and the bene ficent plans of the civil government be given the united and cordial support of all the people." The convention recommends that liberal pension provisions be made for the soldiers and widows of the late Civil war and of the war with Spain. "We condemn all conspiracies and combines to restrict business, to create monopolies, to limit production, or to control prices, and favor such legisla tion as will effectually restrain and prevent all such abuses, protect and promote competition and secure the rights of the producers, laborers and all who are engaged in industry and commerce, and we approve and com mend the efforts of President Roose velt to enforce the laws against il legal combinations in restraint to trade, and pledge him our hearty sup port in all his efforts to protect the people from all oppressive combina tions of capital." The platform recommends the con struction of government ships in gov ernment navy yards and urges the adoption of an eight-hour schedule for labor on all government work, whether performed in public or private estab lishments. The platform opposes "all reciproc ity treaties inconsistent with the pro tection to American labor and indus try," and any reciprocity policy not laid down in the Republican platform of 1900. The platform also favors legislation which will so regulate the process of injunction as to prevent its exercise in abridgement of free speech or peace ful assemblage. The platform rejoices "in the fact that the act providing for the cutting of a canal between the North and South American continents was passed by a Republican congress and signed by a Republican president." LATTIMER LEADS FOR SENATOR. South Carolina Holds Primaries—Re turns Are Slow. COLUMBIA, S. C, Aug. 26.—Demo cratic primaries for the nomination ol governor and a state ticket, congres sional representatives and state legis lators were held throughout this state today. Ballots were also cast to deter mine a successor to United States Senator McLaurin. It fs estimated that 90,000 votes were recorded, but on account of late returns only 30,000 votes had been reported up to raid night. From returns that have been receiv ed it- is understood that D. C. Heyward, of Colleton, is far ahead in the race for the gubernatorial nomination, with ex-Congressman Tolber second and Lieut. Gov. James H. Tillman third. Partial returns from forty-one coun ties show that^in the contest for the United States senatorship to succeed Senator McLaurin, Congressman Lat timer leads and therefore will be in trie second primary. His probable competitors will be either D. G. Hen derson, of Aiken, or ex-Congressman J. J. Hemphill. WARRANTS FOR A RAILWAY PRESIDENT Ten Warrants on Burt, of Union Pa cific, on the Charge of False Imprisonment. OMAHA, Neb., Aug. 26.—Ten war rants were served on President Burt, of the Union Pacific road, this after noon, charging him jointly with W. S. Arnett, an Indianapolis labor agent, with false imprisonment. The war rants were sworn out by ton men who allege they were hired by Arnett to work in the shops of the Union Pacific road at Denver. The warrants charge that each of the men was imprisoned in cars and that they were not given their liberty until they reached the shop yards of the company in this city. President Burt acknowledged service and filed a bond for his appearance in court tomorrow. The warrants were sworn out by ten who were members of the party brought by the road Sun day morning. They came from In dianapolis and were in charge of Ar nett. Lewis Lord, a member of the party, who swore to the charges in one of the warrants, said the members of the party had been employed by Ar nett to go to work in the Union Pacific shops at Denver. He says that when they reached Council Bluffs they were locked in the car and armed guards placed at the doors to prevent their escape. He says they were kept in the car until they reached the shop yards in this city, when they were given their liberty. Lord claims that many of the members of the party were married men and left positions to take better wages than they were re ceiving and were told that no strike existed on the road.