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THE ST. PAUL GLOBE ■ .; ;'•. . .:. THE GLSbE CO.. PUBLISHERS -:"•:■' r. r." V-f r-7! OFFICIAL PfIPER <^||^> CITY OF ST. PAUL v Entered at Fostoff at St <T Paul, Minn., as. Sscond-Class , Matter. . TELEPHONE CALLS. ,/.J::,;,,x, ..•' ;: ''-' . :X/ ■■ Northwestern—Business".^ 1065' Main.;; Editorial, 78 Main. • ; : '&.?■■ ". Mississippi Valley—Business. 1065, Editorial, 78. /;;--* .;• "... - city SUBSCRIPTIONS. -•: rsf ■'- .■ - __ '• i_ ■:- By Carrier -- ■■ "".-.■• ;|: Imo I 6 mos |12mos . Daily only :::.:...;: ir-.AO. $2.25 $4.00 Dailyand Sunday ......:.: .........'...... :,.5O 2.75 5.00 Sunday ..: '. ..../:...:: .15 > .75 1.00 j_ COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. . . . __^ '*» >:■:•'■■■ ■By Mall ■■■■ :: ■■ ' |Imo-. | 6 moa ■I 12 mos Dallyonly ..:..'.. ............. ........... I - .25 $1.50 $3.00 Dally and Sunday .35 2.00 4.00 Sunday :..... :...:........:...; I :... 75 __lLgg. ._•: ;./.-- , BRANCH OFFICES. • ; - >^ V. . ji* New York, 10 Spruce Street, Chas. H. Eddy In Charge. ' " *" ■'. ! ' . .. ;• Chicaeo. No. 87 Washington St., The F. S. Webb Company In Chares j : SATURDAY, DEC. 27, 1902. ' VENEZUELA AT THE HAGUE. The settlement of the existing- Venezuela difficulty through the agency of The Hague tribunal will represent a great advance among the nations toward a true Chris tian civilization. The Globe has on more occasions than one directed attention to the evident unwillingness of the greater of the European powers to have recourse to The Hague tribunal in the adjustment of their difficulties with other peoples. The prevalence of the trouble in Venezuela and the reputed unwillingness of Germany and England to submit the matters in issue to The Hague has directed the attention of the world toward the practical disregard to which that tribunal has been subjected since its or ganization by these two and other nations. In the light of these facts the announced purpose of Baron d'Estournelles de Constant to interpolate the French government on the reassembling of the chamber concern-* ing the disregard of article 7 of The Hague convention by the allied powers will be received with pleasure by all who wish that the peace tribunal shall be an actual agen cy for the settlement of international disputes. If the two European nations should finally agree upon the unreserved submission of their nations to The Hague convention all misgivings as to the view which those powers entertain of peaceful arbitration as an agency for the settlement of in ternational trouble will be dissipated, and friends of peace everywhere will indeed have much cause to rejoice. England's attitude in refusing to submit the matters in controversy in South Africa to such form of adjust ment might find palliation in her claim that the difficulty was a purely internal one with which outside nations should not be allowed to interfere. There is nothing whatever which will justify the two nations interested in refusing to submit their claims upon Venezuela to the arbitrament of The Hague convention where those claims are disputed. On the contrary, as Baron de Constant points out, nations are no more at liberty to disregard obligations toward each other which they have volun tarily entered into than ar,e individuals, and if the signa ture of The Hague convention by those powers was not a purely farcical proceeding they ought in some way to be held at least to the moral responsibility of passing by the door of The Hague tribunal on occasions when they have bound themselves as nations to enter and submit their dis puted claims to its arbitrament. The action of President Roosevelt in taking the initia tive in this case cannot be too highly commended. It is the act of a true lover of international peace. It places the obligation squarely upon the shoulders of the nations involved either to recognize or repudiate their obligations as signatories to The Hague convention. German and English diplomats are.very evidently realizing the force of this position, and it will not be at all surprising if the expected submission of the case to The Hague arbitration commission should soon'be in practical operation. It is announced that John L. Sullivan is broke again. He has evidently lost everything except his bad habits. When he can break these off, too, and gathers the pieces together, there is a possibility that the many compound fractures of different kinds which he has suffered may yet be healed. A JUDICIAL INQUISITION. There is now in progress in the city of New York a criminal proceeding which will probably result in the set tlement of a grave question as to the constitutional rights of the citizen. The district attorney of New York county some time ago, with the assistance of the police department, made a number of sensational raids on reputed gambling pla'ees. Among the other places visited by him was that said to be maintained by one Richard Canfieid, in the heart of the fashionable business residence district. The evidence se cured as the result of this particular raid appears not to have been adequate to secure the conviction of its reputed proprietor. Accordingly, the district attorney has recourse to a provision of the penal code of New York which au- thorizes him in gambling cases to subject private citizens to inquiry as to their knowledge of the existence of gam bling: at a given place. - The refusal to answer questions Submitted in such an inquisitorial inquiry is punishable as contempt of court under the provisions of the New York statutes. The district attorney has had subpoenaed a number of prominent men living in the vicinity of the reputed gam bling- house who are believed to have gambled in Caniield's place. | The first of these whom he has undertaken to ex amine with a view to securing the necessary testimony re fused peremptorily to answer the questions put to him, on the two grounds that the answers might tend to criminate him and that the privilege of having counsel represent him was being denied him in the proceeding. The disposition shown thus far in the proceedings on the part of the court below is decidedly to sustain the legality of the statute and to compel the witness to answer the questions put to him concerning his visits to the gambling house or his knowledge of the gambler and his operations, under the penalty of being punished for con tempt of court for refusal. The assumed right of the state to compel a citizen to thus surrender in a gambling inquiry personal rights which ore recognized as unimpeachable in any other form of ju dicial inquiry involves a question of the gravest import affecting personal liberty. It is cc-rtain in this case to be tested to the utmost. There is a disposition shown to criticise District At torney Jerome for his enforcement of the law in this case, but the criticisms are utterly unfounded. He has, if any thing, done a public service in putting this extraordinary provision of law to the test. It possesses the deepest pub lic interest and concern to have the question settled, whether, under any circumstances whatever, a citizen dur ing a secret inquiry and without the aid of counsel can be forced by law to answer questions relating to his individ ual conduct when no crime is charged against him and when by so answering he may put himself in jeopardy. What a blissful circumstance it is for that Minneapolis machinist that his belief that he is a great composer is nothing more than a delusion. If it were a reality, he might turn out to be as unfortunate a mortal as the Italian gentleman of that calling, Mascagni by name. Misfortunes never come singly, 'tis said. The legisla ture will be in seMfcon before the effects of New Year's day are overcome, • THE ST. PAUL GLOB "5, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1902. ITS PROBABLE CAUSE. It is a shameful perversion of all the privileges and obligations attending the expression of the public senti ment of this people that the question should be raised con cerning the extent of the earnings of Dr. Lorenz during his stay in this country. While the press dispatches do not indicate how such a question came to be raised it is a fair assumption that the practice of yellow journalism will be found underlying the scandalous attitude taken toward Dr. Lorenz. It is unfortunate for this country that men are rarely to be found in the ranks of professional or business life who will place the accomplishment of public results in the pursuit of their calling above the mere money gain. Such men are ta*4>e found in great numbers in other lands, in cluding that from which Dr. Lorenz comes. His public labors while here, aside altogether from his private pro fessional pursuit, ought to so endear him to the profes sion of medicine and to all who can appreciate the nature of his services to surgical art and medical science as to render such inquiries concerning him or his private income from his professional work while here or otherwise utter ly impossible. This case simply furnishes another illustration of the degradation to which public sentiment and public taste are being subjected day after day through the debasing influ ences of the yellow type of journaiism. It is not only a discourtesy, it is an insult Which is involved in the impu tation cast upon Dr. Lorenz of having made his trip to the United States purely with reference to the pecuniary gain which would come to him as its result. His career while here has from the outset given the lie directly to any such view of his presence among us. Well, indeed, may Dr. Lorenz sayjthat his trip has been the grand success of his life. It could not have been materially too successful, so far as he is concerned, in the estimation of any clean-minded person. That it has been, as he declares, ethically successful is beyond dispute. Few men of his generation have rendered greater service to the members of the medical profession than Dr. Lorenz, and to no one are they more immediately and sensibly indebted than they are in connection with the doctor's experiments conducted before them for purely educational purposes, and resulting in such a vast acquisition of surgical knowl edge to every physician who witnessed them. Either England wants the island badly—or else the risk attending getting it by the usual process is great— when she offers a sum of money for that plot of land in the Pacific ocean, near Honolulu, which her government is now negotiating for. By the way, does the Monroe doc trine admit of the acquisition by foreign nations of ter ritory on this hemisphere, by purchase? BLEEDING KANSAS. It is safe to say that no more murderous transaction has ever occurred in a Southern community involving a member of the negro race than that the report of which comes Pittsburg, Kan. The lawless spirit never found more brutal or more bloodthirsty expression than was furnished in that instance by a Kansas mob. There was no evidence whatever, so far as the press reports show, that the negro who was thus murdered under such re volting circumstances was guilty of the crime charged against him. The murder of the policeman for which he was killed was the deed of a drunken and irresponsible negro. It was not a crime of anything like^the enormity of those for which negroes are made the victims of mob law in Southern states, and there was no attempt made on the part of the mob or .its members to produce any measure of proof whatever of the commission of the of fense by the murdered negro. Yet among the residents of an otherwise peaceable Kansas community were found miscreants so abandoned to all their obligations as mem bers of society and so utterly divested of human feeling as that they could batter in a public jail, drag out their victim, try to hang him, and, failing, cut his throat, with out having taken any precaution whatever to establish his identity as the author of the crime for which they made him suffer. If there is law in Kansas the blood of those men, white or black, who thus did their fellow creature to death will surely be shed. Their crime was not alone against the murdered man or against the state of Kansas; it was a crime against the good name of the American people, as unprovoked and as barbarous as any which the history of the country presents. It is a rather cheap bid at notoriety which that Chi cago school teacher makes who professes to be ready to travel to Hongkong at a cost of $5,000 to win a bet of $20. If the Hongkong in this case were the one to which angry people seek to have others go when they wish to be rid of the>n, the public would evidently be well rid of this notoriety-hunting pedagogue. There is one good thing about the men who devote themselves so numerously these days to putting their wives and sweethearts out of the way by the shotgun route, and that is that they almost always choose the same route for themselves at as nearly the same time as pos sible. Turkey is not regarded as being especially digestible;' but neither did that fact, nor the other —that the price wag set at from 22 to 25 cents a pound — operate to keep a notoriously dyspeptic people from indulging themselves to excess in its delights. The Elks are*the good people, sure enough. Any order of men who will make the enjoyment of the little ones their care at Christmas without regard to the personal or family obligations of its members in that regard is cer tainly entitled to be enrolled as among the good onea. Considering the prices which now prevail for anthra cite coal, unless we assume that all the excess g6es into the pocket of the retailer, it would seem reasonably cer tain that the Pennsylvania coal barons will not be the chief sufferers from the late strike. When a man is offered hard coal at $7 a ton these days, he is not to be too severely blamed if he does not take pains to satisfy himself as to the quality of the arti cle. It is after all only mythical anthracite which anyone could be .expected to offer at any such figures just now. An echo from the woods: "See you again in 1903." SOME SELECTED OPINIONS. "* Becoming a Learned Professor. From the New York Sun. Year by year the profession of the barber-surgeon grows more scientific and difficult. Aid. Hart, of Chicago, has prepared a barber-elevating ordinance which requires that the barber must not only be expert in antiseptic treat ment and the ordinary lore of his profession, but must understand "the nature and effect of diseases of the skin and scalp." That is, he must be a dermatologist as well as a trichologist and pogonologist. And he can't practice if he is "in the habit of using intoxicating liquors in excess." This last part of the ordinance seems to be merely a vicious slap of the unlearned at the learned. The dignity of barbering needs no bolstering; and the barbers them selves must regret any new means of emphasizing their superiority to their clients. Critic Should Be Consistent. From the Louisville Courier-Journal. "All novels," we are told from one of the pulpits, "set up false standards of life," and in the next breath it is added that "of course there are works of fiction that all should recommend." Perhaps it would be too exacting to demand greater consistency in a critic who decrees that a true estimate of a book cannot be made except as based on its "utility" and that a book whose only purpose is to divert and entertain Is not To be tolerated. —————AT ST. PAUL THEATRES "Ben Hur" will close ", the most suc cessful, engagement in the history of the Metropolitan opera house : with two performances today, the usual! matinee at 2 o'clock this afternoon arid fare well performance at !8 ; o'clock: tonight. This jj magnificent, production has § not : only played to record-breaking busi ness, but has given: both management; and patrons- of the ■ theater the £ most complete " satisfaction lin " every respect. The advance'sale is very large for both performances today, and the • big j show will undoubtedly " play :to "standing room .only";for.foo;th'matinee-atid even ing, v! ;•■" iSg-^-sa. -r.:. l ;T.srr:>. "... ■■■■: re:}-; ■■".'■.•' ■':■;■'Of: c ■ •■ - --'■ ■ -t: .•_-•.. : : . In theseTd^yS \shen tnu'sical comedies and comic ogera?' are enjoying so much : popularityi:.«:i^Bsical production i with a tangibler-plotrisfa rarity; "The Prince of Pilsen," Henry W. Savage's latesf success, xis-jsri'e of the l#:'fe\v.- musical pieces of ths. da*^ it is said, that has a genuine plot.'" '"The Prince of Pilsen" is the latest ie^QTt of Frank : Pixleyarid Gustav Luders,who ,wrote "King Dodo" and "The Burgomaster." "The Prince; of Pilsen" will be at ; the Metropolitan tomorrow night v and all next week, with matinees Wednesday, ; New Year's day and Saturday. :;^^ rr -. . ..v'. ■■'■[ A matinee today at -5:30 and a per formance tonight will^nd the engage ment \of George Sidney .in "Busy Izzy" •at the^Gtvui*';the current t week. Mr. Sidney has proven himself a comedian of much worth. . One, pleasing thing about Sidney's characterization of a Hebrew is that there is nothing in it that can possibly, be of r offense to \ the race he depicts. The music and spec ialties are up to date" and the ; scenery elaborate. |The Brothers Kennard, acrobats and pantomimists, have been engaged by Charles H. Yale and Sidney R. Ellis to interpret the dumb brothers "Nid and Nod" in "The Evil Eye," , the spec tacular extravaganza : which comes to the Grand next week. They will intro duce their acrobatic specialty, which during the summer - has been augment ed with a number of new tricks never before exhibited in this city. , Sam Devere and his big company continue to entertain the- patrons of the Star theater. Next week's attrac tion will be- the 1 Bowery Burlesquers rom. Hurley r & Leainon's music hall. The company is Jieaded by the comed ians- Gilberti and Goldie. - Ada Rehan, despite her oft-declared declaration that she had forsaken the stage forever, will be seen this win ter in a new "play by Haddon Chambers. Klaw and \ J2rlaisger i will manage her' again. Miss fteiian declared that she has retired after a sad, sad experience in "Sweet $TeU -of Old Drury." She had many difficulties before her tour was closed. She. gave the excuse that she could not bear one-night stands. : - Mrs. Piske is geported to ;be contem ; plating revivals ; .of . "Macbeth" and "Much Ado About Nothing" in the not distant future, in which she will play the roles of Lady Macbeth and Beat rice. ' A 1 wider range could hardly be selected in the Elizabethan- drama, and if Mrs. Fiske can 1 successfully imper sonate . both characters it will be ; a crowning achievement. ; - The rumor "bobs up again that George Primrose will form an alliance with Mclntyre and Heath .next season and take out one of the biggest minstrel shows he - ever was connected \ with. There is also talk of securing an op position theater in the metropolis and opening up ■%■ merrry minstrel war to the Klaw and Erla'nger minstrels head ed by Lew Dockstader. ~ —I — TO HELP "THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE EXPOSITION ALONG Chief of Sculpture and Head Gardener Appointed. ST. LOUIS, Mo., Dec. 26.—Carl Theo dore Francis Bitter has been appointed chief of sculpture of the Louisiana pur chase exposition, taking the place ol Frederick W. Ruckstuhl, resigned. Mr. Bitter's early home was in Vienna, Austria, where he attended art schools.and studied sculpture. He was commissioned to make the sculptural decoration for the administration building and the manufacturers' and liberal art buildings of the Columbian exposition. He was the director of sculpture for the Pan-American ex position. His residence is on the Hud son, opposite New York city. J. H. Atkinson, of Omaha, has been appointed head gardener for the depart ment of horticulture. He had charge of the gardening at the Omaha exposi tion and Nebraska's horticultural ex hibit at the" PaTh-American exposition. SUIT WHOSE OBJECT IS TO MERGE TWO CORPORATIONS Utah Fuel Company Proceeds Against i Fuel & Iron. DENVER, Col., Dec. 26. —Suits rep resenting $§,000^000 have been filed in the United States land office at Pueblo by attorneys for the Utah Fuel com pany against the Colorado Fuel & Iron company. These suits are forty in number and involve title to 5,000 acres of coal land on the western slope valued at $1,000 an, acre. It is alleged that the Colorado Fuel & Iron company Fs holding the land as agriculture land, and that the Utah company will lose heavily in c6al minea already opened unless the titles ob tained by the Colorado company are set aside. The suits are filed, it is believed, as a preliminary step to the merging of the two corporations, the action being taken to clear titles. TODAY'S WEATHER. Minnesota—Fair; warmer Saturday; Sunday, fair in south, probably snow in north portion; warmer in east portion; winds becomir.g southeast and increasing. Upper Michigan —Fair; continued cold Saturday; Sunday, increasing cloudiness and warmer, probably snow in west por r tion; north winds, shifting to east, Increas Ing in force Saturday night. Montana —Rain or snow in north and west; fair and warmer in southeast por tion Saturday Sunday, fair in east, prob ably snow and colder in west portion. North Dakota—lncreasing cloudiness and warmer Saturday, probably snow at night or Sunday. South Dakota—Fair; warmer Saturday; Sunday, fair. Wisconsin —Fair Saturday; not so cold in west portion; Sunday, warmer, with fair in south, probably snow in north por tion; variable winds, becoming southeast and increasing. lowa —Fair; not so cold Saturday; Sun day, fair and warmer. St. Paul — Yesterday's temperatures, taken by the United States weather bu ieau. St. Paul. W. E. Oliver, observer, for the twenty-four hours ended at 7 o'clock last night—Barometer corrected for tem perature and elevation. Highest tempera ture, —4; lowest temperature, —16.9; average tenjpera.ture, —10; daily range, 12.9; barometer, 30.57; humidity, 84; 7 p. m., temjserature, —4; 7p. m., wind,, north; precipitation, 0; weather, cloudy. Yesterdy'sr Temperatures— *BpmHigh| *SpmHigh Alpena 14-14 Kansas City . .14 14 Battleford . .2<L 34 Marquette 14 16 Bismarck .... ? 8 Memphis 20 2C Buffalo .ifT' 24 Medicine Hat.36 40 Boston ....:-..53--1 32 Milwaukee ...14 16 Calgary ....'}..32: 42 Minnedosa .... 2 2 Cheyenne 4Jt 56 Montreal :... .20 22 Chicago .. ,'7. .121-16 New Orleans..44 48 Cincinnati .... 10 20 (New York 2S 2S Cleveland .-.-. 2%~ 24O.maha 6 8 Denver ... n .v3S 56] Philadelphia ..22 30 Dcs Moines 6, B|Pittsburg 16 18 Duluth ...:?.. ff,,! ' 3u"Appelle .... 8 S Edmonton . ...20' 24!3an Francisco.s2 56 3alveston .?. .50" 62|3t. Louis .....14 16' drand Haven.lS 13|Salt Lake City:s4 54 Gre<n Bay ?. .14" 16Rte: Marie .... 2 fi Helena .. .7. .48'" 50l Washington . .24 26 Huron ....'?.. 0, OiWlnnipek '...& 0 Jacksonville*^:^ 401 •Washington time (7 p.- m. St. Paul). J^ /^p v\ ioo2==Your Case Will Have to Go to My Successor. RELATED TO KITCHENER EXTRACTS FROM THE REMINIS CENCES OF A STAFF OFFICER In the Soudan Lord Kitchener Treated All Failures With Unbending Sever ity, Which Fact "Helps to Account for His Success —He Looks on a Battle as a Necessary but Vulgar Brawl. "A Staff Officer" writes in Black wood's Magazine one of those intimate sketches of men and things which are characteristic of Maga. "Campaigning With Kitchener" is full of good things, and is obviously written by an officer who has enjoyed unique opportunities for studying the new commander-in chief in India. He remembers meeting Viscount Kitchener in 1897 and asking him when The Event —the reconquest of the Sudan —was due to happen. "Thirteen months hence," was the an swer. "Thirteen months! That is a long time to wait." "Yes, it is," said Kitchener; "but remember that some of us have been waiting for it for thir teen years." "A Staff Officer" attrib utes the gift of overcoming apparently insuperable difficulties which the sir dar's officers possessed in such a marked degree in the Sudan campaign very largely to the unbending severity with which he treated all failures, whether high or low were responsible for them. "A thing was ordered: it had#to be done, and consequently it was done; no excuses prevailed for an instant. * • • Much of Kitchener's success was no doubt due to his wise choice of the tools he used —they really were tools rather than men; and no finer body of young fellows ever wore sword than those splendid officers who worked and slaved for him, day after day, in those God-forsaken, sand-swept wastes. But no one knows, no one perhaps will ever fully know, the ex tent to which Kitchener was implored, beseeched, cajoled by the highest in the land to employ A or B or C on his staff, or anywhere. Kitchener was ad amant to such • requests. * * * No general has ever been more entirely independent of the help of those im mediately around him; not one of his tools was indispensable, nor even a dozen of them, though many did not realize the fact. 'Are you going to bring up Gen. X for this campaign?' I once asked him. 'No, I don't think so,' Kitchener replied; 'he is doing very well where he is* and on my staff he always makes a channel.' + "Kitchener hated channels, hated any straight-waistcoat which hamper ed and confined him, and here is an in stance. This same X. had been very well brought up, and he liked to issue a sealed pattern daily order which was anathema to Kitchener, and the more as it was quite unnecessary when the army was all under his hand, and or ders were best conveyed verbally. However, X. was so importunate that at last, out of sheer weariness, Kitche ner dictated an order, and X., full of a new and blissful sense of importance, Hiurried off to get it duly copied, regis tered, duplicated, sealed, signed and delivered in the good old style. Mean while Kitchener* strolls out, and acci dentally meets Broadwood, his oav alry commander. 'Oh, Broadwood,' says Kitchener, in that soft and al most deprecating drawl which some of his subordinates could mimic to the life, 'will you kindly take four squad rons and a couple of guns and push on forty miles to clear up the situation, and start in half an hour.' 'Very good, sir,' says BroadwoojJ, who was a man of few words. As the cavalry were jingling out of camp X. comes out of his tent with his orders hot from the press, and meets them. 'Where are you off to?' exclaimed X. Mutual explana tions follow, when it is found that Kitchener's verbal orders are entirely different from those he dictated, and poor X. went back to his tent, and thenceforth gave up the issue of the daily order as a hopeless task." With all his aloofness and self-suf ficiency, Kitchener had one excellent custom in the Sudan —he lived "in one mess with the whole of his very small staff, perhaps eight or nine men al together, and was always accessible to information and opinions of all sorts. He was thereby placed in close touch with that strange, uncanny will-o'-the wisp, the spirit of the army, which some generals who live too much apart from and above their men never count with and never understand —to their own infinite loss and the army's." At the same time "no man ever kept his own counsel better than Kitchener' when fighting was afoot; there was never any leakage of information, be- cause there was never any information to leak. Once when the enemy threat ened our line of communications I ex pressed some anxiety about our wires, which were laid, for all the world to see, as a ground-line along the desert, glistening in the sun and Bearing a meaning even to a dervish, which is saying a good deal.. Kitchener told me to ride down to the river bank and say if I felt happier. Cown I went, and after diligent search discovered a second wire cunningly laid under the bush and sedges. As I Was about to ride back I saw a steamer pushing off, and asked the young engineer officer on board what he was about; it turned out that he had personal instructions from Kitchener to lay a third line of telegraph on the other bank of the Nile, and no one in the army but the chief and this young officer had wind of the matter. Assurance was made not doubly but trebly sure. "I always ieel a confidence amounting to certainty that when Kitchener arrives on the bank of the Styx he will saunter up with a Berthon boat under his arm; to think of his being dependent on the good will of an 111-conditioned ferryman in the passage of an unfordable river is not an idea that one's mind is able to contemplate for a moment." Lord Kitch ener's state of mind on the eve of a battle was not the least like most gen erals, according to "A Staff Officer," who lends no color to the popular view of Lord Kitchener's bloodthirstiness." I think he looked on a battle as a neces sary but exceedingly vulgar and noisy brawl, and that the intellectual part of him always regretted when he could not strangle or starve the enemy out with out a crude appeal to brute force. If he could have been induced to issue an order for battle, it would have read somewhat as follows if it had come from his heart: 'Here you are, O troops! and there is your enemy. I have clothed you, fed you, cared for you, placed you in the most advantageous tactical and strategical po sition possible, £0 now please go and fight I it out, and let me know when it is all over.' He Knew his fighting, generals and trusted them, and his trust was never misplaced; and if he is not the hawk-eyed battle-chief that Wellington was, he is this much the more, that he places his own men in positions where they cannot lose, and the enemy in posi tions where they cannot win. Can one ask for more? Lord Kitchener enjoyed some marvelous escapes in the Sudan; he never seems to have had much thought for his personal safety. "The Atbara was a stiff fight, and rather a dangerous fight to boot, for at one moment everybody who held a rifle, friend and foe alike, was firing towards every point of the compass. Into that hell Kitchener rode almost alone, and quite un armed, holding up his hand to stop the firing, and offering pardon to the still liv ing remnant of the vanquished, who rushed out from trench and hut to throw them selves and their arms at his feet, as though recognizing the master spirit, and seeking safety under his shadow. Yet there were some who did not hesitate to accuse him afterwards of every crime against humanity, and I recall that scene and wonder at the little wisdom and less jus tice of bis worthless detractors." "A Staff Officer" records a curious instance of the manner in which the eternal feminine en tered into Lord Kitchener's calculations. "When Mahmud marched to the Atbara Kitchener raised his camp and placed himself between Mahmud and the Nile, settled himself down twenty miles from his foe and waited. No matter which line of advance the dervishes selected they were bound to be met, bound to be fought. But to most of us the one consuming dread through all these long days of waiting was that Mahmud should escape, up the Atbara or back across the desert the way he had come, for both roads were abso lutely open to him. At last I mentioned our-fears to the chief. 'They dare not go back without fighting now.' he said; 'they dare not; they would never be able to face their women.' It was perfectly true, and perfectly just." Lord Kitchener had not studied the dervish at home for noth ing. COURT PUNISHED ASSAILANT OF ONE OF ITS OFFICERS Point Is Made That the Judge Exceed- Ed His Jurisdiction. WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 26.—A case was filed in the United States supreme court today which involves the question whether a court may punish for contempt for assault upon one of its officers. The case is that of W. C. O'Neal, of Fensacola, Fla., who is charged with having assaulted A. Greenhut, of the same place, a trustee in bankruptcy proceedings against Scarrftt Moreno. O'Neal is president of a bank which is involved in the proceedings and he fell into an altercation with Greenhut last October and cut him with a knife. He was summoned before the judge of the United States district court for the Northern district of Flor ida and sentenced to sixty days' im prisonment The case has been brought to the supreme court on the ground that the judge exceeded his jurisdic tion and that O'Neal's offense was not one punishable by contempt proceed ings. _ HISTORIANS AND ECONOMISTS HOLD A JOINT SESSION American Associations Begin Annual Sessions in Philadelphia. PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Dec. 26.—The American Historical Society and the American Economic association, each of which will be in session in this city until Tuesday, formally opened their annual sessions tonight by holding a joint meeting in the Drexel institute. Beginning tomorrow the organizations will hold separate sessions. There is a large attendance of professors from many of the educational institutions of the country. The president of each society deliver ed his annual address. Capt. A. *T. Mahan, U. S. N., retired, president of the Historical society, spoke on "Sub ordination in Historical Treatment," and E. R. A. Seligman, professor 6f economics' in. Columbia university, president of the Economical associa tion, had for his subject "Economic and Social Progress." GUAM NEEDS A BOOST FINANCES OF SCHROEDER'S BAIL. IWICK IN A BAD WAY This Is Because Congress Failed to Appropriate the Sum Asked for Last Year —Governor's Annual Report Gives An Exposition of the Island's Affairs and People. WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 26.—The annual report of Coftkiii'afld^if Seaton Schroeder, governor of the Island of Guam, indicates a rather serious con dition in the island finances owing to the failure of congress to appropriate the sum asked for last year. The re ceipts last year were in round num bers $66,000, and the expenditures $57, --000, leaving a balance of $8,000, which, however, is a decrease of over $13,000 in the cash balance for the preceding year. This loss is due largely to the unexpected expenses incident to the establishment of the leper colony and the decrease of over $10,000 in import duties. Commander Schroeder reports that it has been deemed prudent to stop all work on public improvements until further appropriations are made. The value of the exports and im ports during the year have been, re spectively, $35,545 and $35,165. The ex ports consisted almost entirely of Mex ican dollars. Not a pound of copper has been exported and neither cocoa nor coffee has been produced in suffi cient quantities to supply the home market, owing to the slow recoveries from the effect of the hurricane of 1900. The governor suggests that it would be well for the department of agriculture to establish an £fperimen tal station in the island. The governor recommends that if a Philippine dollar of fixed value is to be coined under the laws of the United States that it be made legal tender in Guam in place of the present Mexican dollar. The census of the island, taken last autumn, shows the total popula tion to be 9,676, of whom only forty six are foreigners, fourteen being citi zens of the United States. The latter does not include officers and men of the navy or other civil employes tem porarily imported from the United States. Above the age of seven 46 per cent of the natives read and write Spanish. The natives still continue to refuse to allow the sick to receive med ical attention, but conditions are im proving, an excess of births over deaths being shown for each of the last two Commander Schroeder says that there are now twenty-four lepers in seclusion at Tumon bay. The gover nor recommends improvements in fa cilities for education and also that the laws for the government of the island should be remodeled and codified. There is a desire for United States cit izenship among persons domiciled in the island. The governor recommends an appro priation of about $43,000 for public Im provements. OFFERED TO PAY DUTY AND WAS REFUSED Another Day's Testimony in the Porto Rican Smuggling Case. SAN JUAN, P. R., Dec. 26.—The hearing before United States Commis sioner Anderson of the cases against Robert Giles and Lieutenant Comman der George W. Mentz, who, with oth ers, are charged with smuggling wines and liquors from St. Thomas on board government vessels, was continued here today. Collector Cruzen testified that Mr. Giles wanted to pay duty on the cases of liquor in question and that he refused to accept duty, as there is no law permitting the entry of mer chandise on government vessels. The collector said he boarded the lighthouse fender Laurel, where he saw three cases of liquors addressed to the captain of the Laurel: six cases were marked "Robert Giles." One case was opened and contained brandy. Collec tor Cruzen demanded three times that these goods be delivered to him. Upon failing to secure them he allowed thir ty minutes for the cases to be delivered. They were then turned over. He said that Mr. Giles and Lieutenant Com mander Mentz wanted to return the cases to St. Thomas. Officer Cosgrove, of the Laurel, was recalled. He said the quartermaster of the tender had not reported the re moval of any cases of liquor at Culebra. Quartermaster Schultz and Chipchase testified that nothing had been landed at Culebra and the prosecution closed. The defense will submit its brief on Monday.^ The Arms and the Man. "I hear, Mrs. Jones, that your husband • has two revolvers t and a Winchester rifla for any burglars who may call." "He had, but they came the other right and stole them." ;—: m Hadn't Been Idle. "Ha!" exclaimed the first flea. "Beeß on a vacation, eh?"" - "Well," returned the second flea. Iv« been on a tramp for a month."—Phila delphia Record.