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WA-^>h/\j ngton 6Statue of City Hall Tower \l/f 1 /til
A^P.'er.Ro^ V^X /^Y OrlUrte nA ,*tP*urs \\Js«fl 1 Philadelphia fV I 1 |J,I jt -= v r -yy^^y^l W^fh 'h%ns \\ A sWft 'I' Wr. /^ jfcjfc >ijBL SMfcJßi fl^L/^ $j£ V^^ite v JHB^L dMk| £ jr ii, ....D.ii-." —.-'•"■ »"■"■■' BniSf^X^^^^Jm i^m ■■•>■'■'■ >■■'■■'■""•*'*'**>••"*' «ii^S>i,\W^ g^ rm " ' '"' , ''"i 1 I iit-v 9ft *«? Ty sB *!W y&> 'TB "»* Jp tF7^^^BK-.v tm'W sF ' JEL' ' *^ft^B^^ '''■9b! wSKttK^ut^^t^^^^^^^^t. ■»* .■***■ ■ ■ * ' 'm*'jt ? » ■ *v«5Sa. **k \I jtixu^yv^'^ ? -^,.......,,; Sil^lpi^^plpl^gpp^lpiifeSPS ■ I, X fIJV I I • »• • • *s. THE Eiffel Tower must come down. The authorities of Paris have so decreed. This iron spire, the tallest structure in the world, and the engineering feat of the last cen tury, \.i regarded as a dangerous plaything. When a high wind blows from the south the great ribbed structure trembles like a frightened horse. But let a stiff breeze come bowling down from the north and the tower vibrates until the china rattles in the cafes, and to those in the observatory at the apex the sensation is that of a ship fossed by heavy seas. The fact that the tower is more'sensitive to a wind from the north than from the south is regarded as proof of the structural weakness, and from this springs the theory of danger of collapse. It is almost twenty years since Gustav Eiffel began the work of building his sky-scraper. The mark of com pletion was set for 1889, Exposition year, and on March 31 of that year the tower was thrown open to the public. It wa« the leading attraction of the big show, and it has not since ceased to attract attention and coin. The cost of building the structure was more than $1,000,000. Of that amount the French government appro priated $29L',000. Eiffel supplied the remainder, trusting for his reimbursement to the receipts from admission fees and other sources. In this he was not uisappolnted, as the profits of the first year were almost sufficient to make him whole. The lease held by Eiffel will expire in next March, and then, if the present plans of the city fathers are realized, the work of razing the unique structure will be started. The plan is to sell the tower to the highest bidder, the purchaser to be given a certain time in which to remove what Paris regards as almost a public menace. Except as a curio and an Investment for its builder, the tower has been somewhat of a failure. Much was expected in the scientific world from the metaphorical observatory, with its physical and biological laboratories, all 954 feet above ground. But little has come of this, the enterprise having taken on a rather commercial aspect. The Eiffel Tower will ever be considered a colossa* feat of engineering. Tlhese Stria! Ihxean F®ds ire & nsudhes hM '.'.* .'v_V- ■■..." . >^*^ • '•* Ir : < 'mJf.A?j -i?'^^t Vk^T*i^*v* THE beanstalk up which Jack, the Giant Killer, climbed to fame has been sung and pictured until even little Emma and Annie and Jeannette and Joe, sprawled there on the nursery floor, can tell of its sturdy trunk, of its stout, ladder-like branches, of Its leathery leaves, which the eager hands of their hero. Jack, could not crush, though he clutched them ever so tightly. They can tell you that this fabled beanstalk was so tall that "Oo! you jest couldn't see the top uv it, so you couldn't." DRINKERS IN TWO CLASSES ==Mlsery and L,Mxtuiry== BOTH CLAIM THEIR VICTIMS OF LIQUOR LONDON, August 17. WOMEN who drink are classified by the experts into two sections—misery drinkers and luxury drinkers. Speaking broadly, the misery drinkers come from the very poor, the luxury drinkers from the rich. But whatever the cause which first sends them to drink the ultimate results are the same—a falling birth-rate, a rising death-rate among infants and the physical degen eration of the race. Dr. Claye Shaw, a recognized authority, made it clear, in discussing the matter recently, that the evil is not con fined to the lowest order of society. "My experience," he said, "is that among women of fashion, women who have nothing to do but to amusa themselves, there l a a growing tendency to take alco holic stimulants, and the ill effects of that, both upon the •women themselves and upon their children, are often very ■erlous "There is a great deal of private drinking. I know towns where it is a common thing for young girls to go to a private counter in a confectioners shop and take a glass or two of champagne or a glass or two of port. "There are confectioners' shops in London where wo men of position do the same thing. And at home there is •adly too much nipping of spirits in private. It does not etop at that. Many women drink cologne, many use mor phia. "Jt is the result of high living, and an emotional, unnatural, excited way of life. All this leads to personal demoralization and the weakening of character. Some times it is a step towards the divorce court. "The trouble is that the women have nothing to do nothing to occupy their minds. The happiest marriages The lower section consists of four columns resting upon masonry 85 feet square and 30 feet high. These curve toward each other, so that they unite as a slnglo column 620 feet above the ground. PARIS, October 10. There are platforms at the 189, 380 and 906 feet levels, reached by elevators as well as by Btairs. Beyond the third platform a spiral staircase, which is not open to the public, ascends to the top of the tower. On the first platform, which has a floor space of 38,000 Bquare feet, or nearly an acre, there were four restau rants at the time of the Exposition, and refreshments are Btill served there. The view from the top of the tower extends eight y flve miles on a clear day. At night a searchlight gleams from the eminence. Seven thousand tens of iron were used in building the Eiffel Tower. Gustav Eiffel made a long leap over precedent when he planned and built the spiral skeleton of Iron which made him rich and famous. The ambition of the Egyptians to pierce the sky with pyramids carried them less than half as high as this French engineer went on a comparatively fragile founda tion. The pyramid of Cheops 13 only 486 feet high; that of Cephrenes 456 feet. The best that Rome can do, with all her boasted achievements in lofty architecture, is to point to the dome of St. Peter's—a paltry 448 feet above ground. London steps into third place in these Old World ver tical achievements with her St. Pauls dome—36s feet up. Campanile, the famous leaning tower at Pisa, did not win fame because of the height of its arcaded colonnades bo much as because of its obliquity, and yet when we are told that this tower is thirteen feet out of plumb we learn in the same breath that it is 179 feet high! Stepping over to the New World to complete the table of comparisons more ambitious figures are encountered, and yet our best achievements are as pigmies in the shadow of the tower that Eiffel built. The Washington Monument ranks first, with its 555 feet of gleaming granite. Second in order" is the quaint, broad-brimmed hat of William Perm surmounting the heroic statue on the tower of Philadelphia City Hall. This measurement is 547 feet. And the sweet little enthusiasts are to be believed. Odd as It may seem, however, the wonderful mind that evolved Jack's beanstalk, with a giant castle the first way station, did not compass the idea that it must have borne wonderful fruit. Its pods were surely longer than a man's body, and each bean larger than a cocoanut. No better weapons could be imagined for the giant, whose fierce, puffy face is pictured peering over the ledge of his high domain, than a handful of these big beans, weli dried, hurled upon the head of daring interlopers like Jack. are to be found among the middle classes—the backbone ; of the race. "In the lower orders a great deal of crime is, beyond ; doubt, due to the drunkenness of parents. The Inhabitants of Broadmoor, taken as a class, are not big, violent mani- I acs, but feeble, degenerate imbeciles, damned before they ware born by the habits of their parents. "In the Bicetre Hospital at Paris 41 per cent, of the ; imbeciles are the children of drunken parents. "It has been proved by a French investigator that alcohol consumed by the mother passes, as alcohol, into the circulation of the unborn child. The infant is soaked '< with gin or rum before it is born, and may develop all ! kinds of malformations, physical and moral. "A woman receives no alcohol when in jail, and Dr. ! Sullivan has noticed that when a child is born in prison that child 1b usually the best of the family. "The drunken habits of parents' may or may not be ' transmitted to the children. When drunkenness becomes < hereditary the family is doomed—erratic conduct in the ' second generation, epilepsy in the third, Imbecility and ! extinction in the fourth." ; It is admitted by the scientists that a drunken father 1 has not nearly so bad a physical effect upon his offspring as has a drunken mother. In the north country towns the infantile death-rate is terrible. Dr. Greenwood, of Blackburn, recently informed the Town Council that 226 out of 1000 babies' born in the ! borough did not live to be a year old. i More than half the deaths in Darlaston are those of children who have not reached the age of five. In Lei- '• cester, out of an average of 60 deaths each week, 20 are ! those of children. In Blrkenhead 178 out of eery 1000 \ children born die before they are a year old. The offsprings of drink are insanity, pauper sm epl lepsy and feeble-mindedness. In London there are 2000 epi leptics and about 100,000 paupers, and all over the country there are 110,000 certified lunatic*. TfflE ST. P^ULGLOBE, SU2s TJ)AY, OCTOBER 25, 1903. Within a stone's throw are-two business blocks that tower higher—but these are, nevertheless, not towers. Tho Trinity Church spire 4n New York has caused the crooking of many a neck, yet its height Is only 284 feet. The Bunker Hill Monument stands 221 feet above the historic sod that undulates about Its base. It may be said, in justification of all of these beacons of history and architecture, that they stand for bo much more than mere height that they possess that In sufficient degree. The Eiffel Tower possesses the sole distinction of altl ■ tude. Barren of other claims upon the public attention, the need of outstripping—virtually doubling—the elevation of any other tall structure is apparent. Scattered over.lreland and Scotland, or,Jiere %nd there on the Islands of Corsica and Sardinia, are to be found the ruins of some of the towers of prehistoric times. These, like those of our cathedrals .and public build ings of to-day, were built for purposes of utility. The old round towers ot Ireland, as well tta the "brochsT of Scotland, were used as places of refuge or defense in time of war, as wateff towers and as resort for the recluse. The architecture was at first plain and severe, while In later years appeared parapets and pinnacles richly canopied. These towers were never mbfe than 132 feet high, with the average perhaps 80 feet. In remote times the Moslems' built towers of stone that they used as minarets. The finest of these belong to the thirteenth, century, notably the Mlnan of Kootub, at Old Delhi, which was the wjonder of ail the tribes that gathered about it.' This towei^ was 250 feet high, built of massive blocks of limestone and marble. Not since the days of Babel, if, indeed, before, has the building of a tower for the mere pride of building it been essayed. Confusion of tongues Svas the result then. Coming down to the age «f a*»ial playthings, modern ingenuity seems to have spelled ( for itself a lesson—one less severe than that of Babel, bat, nevertheless, a lesson. Having ventured past the point of practicability and safety, the monument erected'by Gustav Eiffel to tho genius and daring of man faHa; before the force of the elements, while the dust of ages-icontlnues to settle upon the sloping sides of the pyramids. I ft plants are natives of ;and China, and Amer iofanists have classed as belonging to the Delichos, though on it of their length they >re popularly known as ''beans." rly this spring Mr. ■'dson planted them in a well fertilized trench and erected aeventeen-foot poles to support.the vines. The plants, gVcw with remarkable rapidity and in a short time ha& reached the tops of the poles. Having no encouragement to go higher they turned around and retraced their step!* 1. ' The seeds were sent from Japan by a friend of the Pasadena man. In the Flowery Kingdom, however, the plants and their product have not reached much more than half the size attained in the first year of their culti vation under the inspiring suns of the State of big things, California. A MENACE TO HEALTH THE FLY EVER since the plague of flies in Egypt, and prob ably long before it, the common house fly has been a nuisance to mankind, but lately men of science have discovered that it is an actual menace to health. William Lyman Underwood, a lecturer In the Massa chusetts Institute of Technology is one of these, and he ; points out just what are the dangers of associating too ! familiarly with the musca do'mestica, which, by the way, j is the scientific name of the pesky creature. Dogs and cats, he says, we like to have about us, but ! we keep them In their proper- places, whereas the ! house fly, which is the filthiest of all birds or beasts, is generally tolerated everywhere. It crawls over hands ! and faces, it gets Jnto milk, it walks over sugar and ' salt, over bread and cake, soiling and contaminating ! everything it touches. Flies are a menace to health, says Mr. Underwood, < because, after walking and feeding upon filth, they can ] and sometimes do carry upon their feet and tongues the ; germs or seeds of diseases, such as typhoid fever. On the six small feet of the fly; -he continues, and on j hie tongue, there may be thousands of the deadly I microbes of diseaee. Once the sctehtist had a glass dish | filled with nutrient jelly. A fly: walked over it, pausing i here and there to feed. . - - ■ \ When its hunger was satisfied it flew away, leaving ! no visible sign to show that it had been there, and the ! jelly looked as clean and pure as ever. But Underwood knew that the fly's feet and tongue were covered with bacteria, for he had seen it walk over a spot where ho knew there were thousands of germs When he examined the jelly through a microscope he ! found countless numbers of germa, too small to be seen | With the naked eye. ] Twelve hours later, the dish having been kept In the | meantime in a warm place, the groups of bacteria were i easily visible. During this time the germs had multiplied many thou sand times. Each macs now represented a living colony, or> A SJ* were > a dty of germs, tfhe" smallest spot which ' could be seen containing many nflMl6ns of them. The tracks of the fly as he walked could be plainly [ seen and midway between the tracks in several places were a number of small roundetkspots or colonies. These came from the germs ifcarried and planted by Vfie fly s tongue. The population of one of these colonies I was counted and forty-six million* germs were found to d© present. From a culinary standpoint, too, these vegetables of nursery lore possess Interest. How many of the beans did the slant relish at a sitting? Was It his wont to serve a whole ox on a bean pod half-shell? Were they not considered a dainty when offered, steaming hot, stuffed with a dozen fat pigs and half a hundred fowl? A pity It Is" that the historian was so remiss, for now the time has come when California would like to know the sizer of the pods and the beans through which Jack the Giant Killer scrambled Into notice. California is raisins a few big bean? on her own account^ and she challenges comparisons, old or new. The beans of the days of Jack may ha t ve been larger than those grown in the garden of Charles Richardson, In Pasadena, but who Is to prove 11? Proof lacking, Richardson sets up the contention thai he and California have beaten the world on beans, and it looks that way. Depending from vines twenty-five feet long Mr. Rich ardson can show bean pods measuring from thirty to forty-three Inches. The beans themselves are as large as an ordinary, hen"s egg. , j In spite of thetr size, both pods and beans are sweet and tender. They are rated as a delicacy on Pasadena tables. One shelrof beans, served upon a long platter, Is suf ficient at a-meal for a family of five or six persons. Two of the beans themselves are considered "a fliler," with a few less substantial dishes on the side. Mealy and sweet, they possess many of the character istics of nut food. The vines bear prolifically. It Is estimated that fifty plants in a thirty-foot row, as shown in the accompany ing vie,w, bore ten thousand-beans. They hang in wonder ful clusters. With one sweep of a big knife the gatherer of the monster pods may fill a bushel basket. The Totter rag -." Tower Compared • With, the Leaning ;• Tower off " PJsa, Amid tlhie .'. World's •:. Oth2 r/i 'TaJ! ■ Struct v res One of the giant pods, swung by the brawny arms of the bogie man, could have felled the strongest of adversaries.