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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, January 22, 1904, Image 4

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The St. Paul Globe
Official <^||l||^ > S?.7a£
Entered at Postofflce at St. Paul. Minn.,
as Second-Class Matter.
'Northwestern—Business, 1065 Main.
Editorial. 78 Main. _ .
Twin City—Business, 10B5; Editorial. 78.
1 By Carrier. 11 mo. |6 moa. I limps.
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87 Washington St., Chicago.
Largest Movtiins
nsgd Bmssdaf Gnu*
htkn in SI Pml
The Circulation of The St Paul
Globe for the month of Decem
ber, 1903, averaged per day
. y
FRIDAY, JAN. 22, 1904.
A judge passing upon the claims of
powerful interests and the argu
ments of attorneys, both of which will
play an important part in its nomina
tion or defeat, is bad enough. A
board charged with the care of all
the public institutions of the state
waiting until its chairman gets lei
sure enough from political campaign
ing to attend to its work is scarcely
better. The former can easily be re
buked and ended by defeating the un
fit aspirant. The latter must wait for
such a revival of sound public opin
ion as will abolish this infernal ma
chine altogether.
We speak advisedly when we say
that the people of Minnesota never
took a longer step backward than
when they authorized the creation of
the concern known as the board of
control. Whether or not it was de
signed as a political machine, that is
the inevitable sequence of its exist
ence. It is not possible for a body
like this to exist, with its members
holding place by the governor's ap
pointment, without degenerating into
a mere political instrument sooner or
later. That is its history in other
states, and that its inevitable fate.
In this state there is no conceal
ment about it at all. Mr. Jacobson
owes his nomination to the place sole
ly to his political activity. We
make no reflection upon him person
ally when we say that he is about the
last man whom personal fitness would
designate for the office of chairman of
the board of control. Yet think what
It means when political considera
tions are allowed to play the most
prominent part in filling this place!
All the great institutions of this
state, in which we take so much
pride and upon whose proper conduct
the fortunes, the comfort and even the
life of thousands of unfortunates may
depend, are put under political con
trol. Our educational institutions, in
cluding even the state university, of
which we are so proud, must acknowl
edge the same sway. Of course the
evil has not yet run its full course.
There has been some decent regard
for a sensitive public opinion. But
the virus i 3 making its way rapidly,
and it will be but a few years when the
test of fitness will be laughed at; and
when a man must produce his politi
cal credentials and file a recommen
dation frcm the state political boss
before he can obtain even a minor
position in any institution presided
over by the board of control.
This is the fate to which our splen
did system of public institutions,
noteworthy throughout the country
for their efficiency as long as they
were conducted by local governing
boards and kept free from political
taint, is destined. There could be no
greater good fortune for the state of
Minnesota than the abolition of this
body, whose powers are mostly use
less unless they are abused. The se
lection of Mr. Jacobson for chairman,
and the qutet contempt for the actual
duties of the place with which Mr
Martin goes out and Mr. Jacobson
comes in, when It suits his convenience,
drive the point home and ought to
make the warning to our people both
adequate and impressive.
Chairman Jones did not repeat tha
mistake of Chairman Hanna, but left
It to each state to select its delegates
to the national convention by what
ever method it thinks best, is he
more careful than Uncle Mark or only
less crafty?
The American people, who love
courage and honesty above all things,
must be sickened and disgusted by the
present attitude of Republican leaders
on the question of tariff revision and
reform. This issue will not down.
Throughout the West and Northwest
especially it has been made perfectly
clear that if the Republican party does
not give some satisfaction to the ele
ment insisting upon tariff reform it
will be beaten. How to get the per
mission of the standpatters to do this
is the problem.
The president is like a cork tossed
hither and thither by the waves of these
conflicting currents. He is as buoyant,
but also as light and as helpless. Many
months ago he announced himself as
a believer in the tariff reduction idea
and hobnobbed with Gov. Cummins, of
lowa, to the scandal of the solid old
monopolists who own his party. A
little later on he began to hedge, and
by the time he visited this part of the
country was urgently recommending
the appointment of a tariff commis
sion. Then he sent out word to hia
friends that the whole subject must be
passed over in silence, and one may
search his messages to congress since
then in vain for a word of explanation
or of hope.
The time has come for another
change of front. Men like Gov. Cum
mins are not satisfied to go down to
defeat in their own states because of
adherence»to a tariff doctrine in which
they no longer believe. They are still
insurgents and propose to do a little
patstanding themselves. They are go
ing to hold their states in line for tariff
reduction and to send delegations simi
larly pledged to the national conven
tion, not with the idea that their party
will actually do anything, but in order
that they may put up a sufficient front
to hold the voters of their states in
line for their party.
These people also are receiving aid
and comfort from President Roosevelt.
He is once more on terms of closest In
timacy with Gov. Cummins, and upon
one aay receives with high marks of
royal favor the embassies of the tariff
robbers and the trusts, while on the
next he clasps to the bosom in tender
est sympathy representatives of the
low tariff idea. We think that the
American people really respect a man
who fights either for ultra protection
or for low tariff or for free trade. We
know that they have little respect for
the man who palters and avows belief
in now one and now another of these
systems, according as he thinks his
private interests or personal ambitions
may best be served. Perhaps in no
other particular has President Roose
velt exhibited the real weakness of his
character, his essential lack of princi
ple where he has an end to serve more
than by his shiftiness, double dealing
and contradictions on this question of
tariff rates.
The immediate necessity for the
adoption of a constitution by the Re
public of Panama will appeal to those
experts who know how impossible it
is to start a revolution without a con
There is probably as much specula
tion as fact about the alleged combi
nation in the city council relating to
street railway interests. We believe
that the majority of the members of
both houses are sincerely anxious to
make the best bargain that they can
for the city, as well as to do their duty
by their immediate constituents. The
proof of this seems to be that no con
solidation of interests can be made,
and that the council seems determined
to stand by the public. We believe
that its case may safely be trusted in
their hands.
We have, therefore, no cut and dried
opinion ready to impose upon the coun
cil as to whether it should order im
provements made singly or bunch them
in an omnibus bill. We think those
members are right who say that the
street railway company is now asking
for all that it will need for a long pe
riod —at least ten or twenty years to
come—and that the bargain shoud not
be one-sided. If the company is plan
ning- thus far ahead, so should the city.
Let us get all that we need for ten or
twenty years to come, too. That is the
light in which the council must view it,
and it is on that basis that we believe
them to be acting with a sincere refer
ence to the people's good.
Whatever may be done and however
it is to be accomplished, there is one
condition that must be imposed. There
should be no loophole left through
which the street railway company
could escape from the payment of the
gross earnings tax imposed by the
charter. Let this be made a first and
last condition of every negotiation.
The company ought to pay a proper
share of the public burdens. It is giv
ing us an excellent service in most re
spects, it is true. It is also earning
dividends on capitalization inflated to
the bursting point, and has never made
a concession as to fares.
The sale of six tickets for a quarter
or twenty-five for a dollar, so common
in other cities where the business Is
less able to afford It than here, and
especially the grant of three-cent fares
to workingmen during certain hours of
the day, have never had a hearing from
the street railway company. Finan
cially, it exacts its pound of flesh.
Financially, the city must do likewise.
That gross earnings tax must be paid;
and nothing must be done, great or
small, that would countenance an eva
sion of it.
Monsieur Lebaudy may go to Sa
hara and take some rough riders
along to help him if he pleases. The
United States can spare him a few.
The proposed regulations for theaters
and other places of public assembly in
St. Paul seem to us in no way unrea
sonable, and we think that they should
be put into effect by the authorities at
an early date. The investigation which
has been made discloses about the
same condition of affairs here as else
where. That is to say, there are a very
few leading houses which are absolute
ly safe under all ordinary conditions,
and need but few and trifling additions
to their appliances or changes in their
rules to come up to the strictest re
quirements. There is a second class
which need more serious additions and
alterations, and until these are made
ought to be classed as dangerous.
There is a third class, each one of
them of very minor importance but all
taken together so many in number as
to be really of first moment, that are
entirely unfit for public occupancy and
that can scarcely be made safe with
out complete reconstruction.
This is the way in which every city
runs along until shocked into a sense
of responsibility by a great calamity
like the Chicago horror. These are the
conditions that every city should take
hold of and modify In time. There i 3
no reason, public or private, why the
public should be allowed to congregate
in numbers in any meeting place that
is not provided so amply with means of
fighting fire and with means of escape
that life shall be as safe as it is in
the home or on the street. There is no
reason why the owners of property
that does not meet these requirements
should be allowed to use it for pur
poses of public assembly.
We do not think that the council
shouia go to any unreasonable lengths
or impose any improper restrictions.
We do think that it ought to em
body the well known and perfectly un
derstood essentials of safety in a se
ries of regulations, to be enforced
without fear or favor and without ex
ception. The well known places of re
sort can comply with them readily.
The others should be made to comply
or to go out of business. We cannot
think that the conferring of power to
close places which fail to meet the test
upon a public official would include any
hardship. Such action would never be
taken unless there was ground for it.
If it were, there would be such a
storm of indignant remonstrance as
would ruin the prospects of an offend
ing official.
The truth is, the danger in such
matters lies_ always on the side of too
great lenience, instead of too great
stringency. Were it not so, there
would be no need of any changes at
all in the situation in St. Paul today.
We think that a complete code of such
regulations as experience has now ter
ribly confirmed should be drawn up
and adopted, and then put into effect
under the severest penalties for those
who fail to observe and for those who
fail to enforce them.
The lobbyist who attempted to lubri
cate the wheels of legislature with olive
oil is about to be shown that the ole
aginous article is not the right sort of
congressional "grease."
Invincible ignorance and much prej
udice prevail concerning Alaska. A
short time ago The Globe attempted
to dissipate this by stating some of the
facts about our great territory. To
one assertion in the article the Minne
apolis Journal rejoins: "As for The
Gl ob c's claim of a population of 100,
--000 in Alaska, it is simply ridiculous.
It would take a careful search to find
half that many white people there."
This is the way in which the ignor
ant dispose of facts that do not chime
with their wishes. The last census
reports show the population of Alaska
in 1900 to have been 63,592. The
Globe said nothing about "white"
population, any more than it would in
speaking of the population of any cf
the Southern states where the negro
includes so large percentage, or of Min
nesota, where there are a good many
Indians left. Why ring the color line
in on Alaska alone?
A word further. The increase of
population in Alaska between 1890 and
1900 was 98.4 per cent. But the in
crease of the "white" population of
Alaska in the same time was 609.5 per
cent. That is to say, all additions to
Alaska's population are of the white
race; the not white element consisting
of native Indians, who increase little
and are probably doomed to extinc
Any one in the least familiar-with
conditions on the Pacific coast knows
that the population of Alaska, as meas
ured by its business and by all the
indicia accepted elsewhere, has gone on
increasing with wonderful rapidity.
Certainly the population of the country
today is over 100,000. Probably there
axe that many whites there. But what
a spectacle it is to see figures and facts
distorted on the other side for no other
reason than the dog-in-the-manger
Wish to exclude a large number of the
most active and enterprising of Ameri
cans from the commonest privileges of
Contemporary Comment
The Senate and Dietrich.
It is inconceivable, furthermore, that
the highest legislative body in the land
should consem to retain as a member
a man guilty of the sort of grafting
■ which Dietricii Is known to have prac
ticed. The a&njrd technicalities by
which the court seem to be continually
hampered in* the administration of jus
tice are not ; binding on the United
States senate, 'which ought, certainly,
to cherish fa* too much respect for its
boasted prestige and for the memory of
many patriots who have added luster
to its history tp tolerate the fellow
ship of as-chfea-j* and shameless a job
ber as Dietrich.—Kansas City Star.
The Old Cry.
A Republican senator in Nebraska
escapes conviction for bribery on a
time allowance. Republican senators
In Washington resist an investigation
by congress of the frauds and irregu
larties in the postofflce department.
Is there a paralysis of Republican
common sense?
The old cry of "Turn the rascals
out!" seems to have some chance of
being heard once more.—New York
He Knows a Few Himself.
Senator Gorman's advisers and crit
ics may recall that during the -Mary
lander's recent campaign in his own
state much advice and criticism were
thrown away on that gentleman. Those
who would teach Senator Gorman any
thing in the line of party expediency
and political tactics are manifesting
more nerve than wisdom. —Nashville
This Is Indeed Cheerful.
While present indications seem to
point to President Roosevelt as the
Republican standard bearer in the ap
proaching campaign, it is to be kept in
mind that political nominating conven
tions in this pountry often have a way
of suddenly crushing the most promis
ing booms.—New York Commercial.
And He Will Stay Put, Too.
Ohio Republicans believe Senator
Hanna when.he denies being a presi
dential aspirant. They also believe
that he is a very proper person for the
place, and may take it into their heads
to put him in.if an opening shows up.—
St. Louis Star.
He Has a Better Cure Than Either.
Will salicylic acid cure rheumatism
and will abstaining from meat and
from overeating prevent it? Let us
have these questions settled, for Uncle
Mark Hanna's sake. —St. Louis Post-
The Difference.
One great difficulty for Japan in case
of a mix-up will be the impossibility of
locating Russia's solar plexus. It is
doubtful if Russia has such a thing,
while Japan itself is all solar plexus.—
Chicago Daily News.
What Can They Want There?
For reasons that are not exactly
clear, a company of United States ma
rines is preparing to march to Seoul.
There is no Isthmian canal through
Korea. —Detroit Free Press.
But He Can "Point With Pride."
Just because there were nearly 10,
--000 more births in New York last year
than in 1902 is no sign that New York
indorses Roosevelt in everything he
says.—Boston Globe.
Now for a Delightful Fight.
Senator Hanna will learn before the
Republican j, national convention ad
journs that Theodore Roosevelt is
somewhat of a stand-patter himself. —
Kansas City Star.
Came Within 1,000 Miles of It.
Kentucky now has a miniature vol
cano. Dr. Parkhurst seems to have
made a slight miscalculation as to the
place where "the lid" was to be lifted.—
New York World.
Here's « Winning Platform.
We offer our support to Mr. Bryan in
a campaign for the free and unlimited
coinage of eggs at half of their present
price.—Rochester Herald.
Langley Might Profit by It.
Wouldn't M.. Santos-Dumont and
Prof. Langley ftave a pleasant chat if
they got together?— New York Sun.
Merchants—M. F. Galvln, Fargo; Mary
Topper, Gateway, B. C; Emma Morrison,
Montague, Mich.; Mrs. J. M. Robinson
Breckinridge;. J. R. Pollock and wife
Ferris, B. C; Edward Schreiber. Marshall;
G. M. Pike and wife. Mason City, lowa-
George B. Murray, Billings; F. C. Thorn
ton, Benson; John Ronyan, Worthington;
J. A. Ring, Shakopee; F. Lewis, Owaton
na; Frank E. Peterson. Blue Earth; P. H.
McGary, Walker; O. M. Mausten. D L.
Sugron. Aitkin; J. F. Dodds, Crookston-
F. N. Whitman. Devil's Lake; A. Mare
kell, Perham; Mrs. Fred A. Hodge Mrs
M. R. Webster, Pine City; G. A. Bailey,
Windsor—Charles Foreman and wife
Elkton, S. D.; Abe Wesling and wife. Tip
ton, Iowa; John Martin and wife, Morgan;
S. Hallman, Marietta; E. J. Cook, Ben
son; P. D. Waterman, Elk River; E. H.
Orgetsinger, Pipestone; W. C. Whiteman,
Ryan—A. H. Northrup, Fort Dodge,
Iowa; P. Hayne and wife, Ashland; W. E.
Beebe, Fargo; A. C. Smith, Oshkosh; W.
B. Yeats, Dublin, Ireland; Ben Green
hood, Seattle.
Minnesota—Fair Friday, except snow in
northwest portion; Saturday fair, warm
er; fresh northwest winds.
Wisconsin—Fair in west, snow in east
portion Friday; Saturday fair; fresh
northwest winds. •
Upper Michigan—Snow Friday and Sat
urday, fresh west to northwest winds.
North Dakota —Fair Friday and Sat
urday, warmer Saturday.
Montana—Fair Friday and Saturday,
except snow in northwestern portion.
South Dakota—Fair Friday and Satur
lowa—Fair Friday and Saturday.
St. Paul — Yesterday's observations,
taken by the United States weather bu
reau, St. Paul, W. E. Oliver, observer, for
the twenty-four hours ended at 7 o'clock
last night—Barometer corrected for tem
perature and elevation. Highest tempera
ture, 18; lowest temperature, 13; average
temperature, 15; daily range, 5; 7 p. m.
temperature, 16; barometer, 29.96; humid
ity, 80; precipitation, .27; 7 p. m. wind,
northwest; weather, partly cloudy.
Yesterday's temperatures:
•BpmHigh| *BpmHigh
Alpena , 22 22iKansas City..22 24
Battieford ...-2 6 Marquette 18 18
Bismarck 2 6 Milwaukee ...32 34
Buffalo ,24, 28 Minnedosa ... 2 2
Boston 30 32 Montgomery ..64 66
Calgary 18 24 Montreal 14 14
Cheyenne 20 26|Moorhead 6 8
Chicago 36 36 Nashville 60 62
Cincinnati 52 52 New Orleans..7o 72
Cleveland 42 44 New York 32 34
Davenport ...28 34 Norfolk 58 64
Dcs Moines ..20 30 North Platte..26 36
Detroit 30 36 Omaha 14 16
Duluth 20 20 Philadelphia ..34 38
Edmonton 12 14 Pittsburg 46 48
Escanaba —14 18 Qu'Appelle ...-6 6
Galveston 58 66' Frisco* 50 52
Grand Rapids.3o 32 St. Louis 34 50
Green Bay ...18 26 Salt Lake 22 22
Helena 28 30 Ste. Marie 10 12
Huron 6 B|Washington ..40 62
Jacksonville ..64 CBWinnipeg -4 2
•Washington time (7 p. m. St. Paul).
-Below zero.
What the Editors Say
The present board of pardons seems
disposed to act as a trial court, and at
that to take into consideration some
abstruse theories of its members as to
moral responsibility, environment, etc.,
which are usually not considered the
business of a court. Boiled down in a
nut shell, the idea of at least one mem
ber of the board seems to be to excuse
the crime on the grounds of environ
ment or similar grounds if possible,
his hostility to saloons having an im
portant part in deciding his attitude.
It is hard to see why for such excuses
practically the entire criminal popula
tion of our penitentiaries should not be
turned loose.—Owatonna Chronicle.
The board of pardons is a superfluous
institution in every state. One in the
United States would be quite sufficient
and ample evidence exacted of every
petitioner for pardon. A local board is
importuned by too many who desire
to secure liberty after having served
but a short time. If there was but one
board there would be but little pres
sure brought to bear other than direct
evidence showing the grounds upon
which a prisoner expects clemency.
We do not expect this suggestion to
be acted upon favorably but all the
same it is worthy of consideration. —
Granite Falls Tribune.
We suggest to the Republican editors
of Minnesota who have not already es
poused the candidacy of any aspirant
for the gubernatorial nomination, to
hold a meeting at an early date and se
lect a candidate for the nomination for
governor. Such a meeting would save
the Republican party in Minnesota the
odium of having its candidate selected
by one of the political corrupting bu
reaus now operating In St. Paul. —
Faribault Pilot.
Score one thing for W. J. Bryan, any
way! He may be a kicker at home,
but he has the right idea of the dignity
of the United States government and
how it ought to be preserved abroad in
more liberal allowances to ambassadors
and ministers and for the purchase of
appropriate homes for the representa
tives of the proud bird of freedom.—
Crookston Times.
At last Judge Collins has resigned
and has now actively entered the list
for the governorship. His campaign
is being managed by a committee
consisting almost entirely of the
bunch of "has beens" appointed by Gov.
Van Sant. What a brilliant prospect
for Collins. —Waconia Patriot.
It is quite evident that the Repub
lican slogan for 1904 will not be "the
full dinner pail," nor anything about
the factory chimneys belching their
smoke, nor yet anything referring to
"the advance agent of properity."
It will have to be something different.
—Litchfield Independent.
Perry Heath is going to build a hotel
to cost $100,000, and those who are
anxious to l|ow the source of his
wealth are Informed that questions are
barred by the statute of limitations.—
Cedar Rapids (Iowa) Gazette.
"A great wave of enthusiasm" is
what the Hallock News saw floating
through the air when Collins resigned.
Say, how does a fellow recognize a
wave of that sort when he sees it? —
Goodhue Enterprise.
A falling off of marriages for the
year 1903 causes great concern in Wa
dena county, but leap year is most
opportunely at hand and the country
looks hopefully to its young women.—
Bemidji Pioneer.
Those writers who have attempted
to read Tarns Bixby out of the state
will fail, for the reason that Tarns
says lie won't stay gone.—lnter Lake
With a hair-trigger president In the
White house this country isn't han
kering to see any wars break out any
where, thank you.—Hutchinson Leader.
Among the Merrymakers
Horror on Horror.
News Vender (pushing the sale of the
balance of his stock recklessly)—' Ere ye
are; latest noose; Peru been an' declared
war agin 1 Greece; King Edward 'it the
Hamerican Hambassador in the eye; in
ternational conglomerations expected at
any moment; Lord 'Opetoun burnt to the
ground, an' drowned, an' run away with
a ballet girl; 'orror at Battersea; 'orror at
Hornsey; 'orror in Hyde park." (Desper
ately, as the tram begins to move) —"Ap-
pallin' 'orror in Russia an' Germany an'
everyw'ere else." (Tram goes.) "I expect
half o' you can't read, an' the rest o' you
ain't got a ha'penny."—Glasgow Times.
All Brushed Off.
A lady called at a chemist's shop, then,
after examining one or two articles, re
membered that she wanted some cos
metic for the toilet and turning to the
chemist, asked, "Have you any bloom of
The merchant, over whose head more
than fifty summers had passed, turned
to one of his assistants and asked in a
business way, "Have I any bloom of
youth left?"
The clerk looked up with a quiet smile
and answered, "I believe not, sir."—Lon
don Globe.
The Best He Could Do.
Mother—Why don't you behave better
to your teacher?
Tommy—Why, I'm as kind to her as I
kin be.
Mother—You are?
Tommy—Yes'm. Every time she licks
me I cry as loud as I can so's to make her
believe she's hurtin' me.—Philadelphia
Public Ledger.
Sovereigns and Their "Help."
Alfred the Great had just burnt the
"That settles it," cried the mistress of
the house. "I've had Chinese, colored,
Irish and Swedes, and now even a king
won't do."
With a despairing: sigh, she decided to
break up and go to boarding.—New York
Nell—Do you think Mr. Staylate is in
love with you?
"Well, that may account for it. They
say 'love is blind,' you know."
Belle —Well, he never seems able to see
the parlor clock.—Baltimore Sun.
Out of the Frying Pan.
Husband—She is by all odda the worst
cook we ever had.
Wife—l know it. But she is going to
stay until we get some one else.
"That's good. I didn't know but you
would have to cook the meals."—Detroit
Free Press.
The Home Product.
"I should think you would be ambitious
for political distinction."
"No," answered Mr. Cumrox, "I don't
care for it. My daughter has studied
painting, and her pictures of ma are funny
enough without calling in the aid of any
professional cartoonist." — Washington
The Place for Him.
"I see you didn't bring your husband
along. The last time he came he rocked
the boat."
"Well, he's safe enough now. I left
him home rocking the cradle."—Cleveland
Plain Dealer.
" Modest.
The Landlady—Which part of the
chicken do you prefer, Mr. Lanks?
The Boarder—Either half will do thank
you, Mrs. Hungerford.—Puck.
At St. Paul Theaters
The delightful melodies and rich
harmonies of "Robin Hood" floated
over the footlights of the Metropolian
last night in refreshing contrast to the
tinkling, nondescript music with which
local theater-goers have been fairly
surfeited this season. That the audi
ence, which was large, enjoyed the
novel experience of once more listen
ing to a genuine comic opera—and that
the very best of American composition
—was abundantly demonstrated by the
hearty and spontaneous character of
the applause. It seemed as if the mu
sic lovers could not get enough of the
melodious score, so numerous and in
sistent were the encores.
To say that "Robin Hood" was pre
sented last night is to announce that
"The Bostonians" are here, for the two
are inseparable. In the clays gone by
this opera has received a bigger pro
duction in point of size of the chorus,
and has been more brilliantly sung,
when vocalists, who have since gone
starring assumed certain roles, but
on the other hand an even excellence
characterized the singing last night that
rendered the -performance fully as en
joyable as many of those in former
The Bostonians are fortunate In the
possession of a new prima donna, Ag
nes Brown, a petite creature, whose
personality is best described as dainty,
and whose voice is a sweet, clear and
cultured soprano. She reminds one of
Marie Tempest, as the little English
woman appeared twelve years ago. So
long a time has elapsed since anything
noteworthy in the vocal line has been
hoard in our theaters, that the people
gave expression to enthusiastic and
prolonged applause as Miss Brown fin
ished the closing high note of the
"Forest Song" in the second act. In
this difficult aria, she exhibited the
evidences of excellent training, execut
ing the cadenzas, and the passages
with flute oblieato with commendable
facility and purity of tone. Nature
has endowed her with a symmetrical
figure, graceful carriage and a pretty,
expressive countenance.
Douglas Ruthven, the new tenor,
compares favorably with many of his
predecessors, vocally, but he Is un
gainly in action and his acting is ama
teurish. His tenor is of the lyric qual
ity and his upper tones musical to an
exceptional degree. In the ensembles,
especially in the quartette in the first
act, and the male sextette in the sec
ond act, Mr. Ruthven's voice is most
effective. Mr. Ruthven and Miss Brown
sang the beautiful duet in Act I. with
commendable taste and spirit.
Another new, and it should be added
very pretty face, made its appearance
in the person of Miss Kate Condon,
who impersonated Alan-a-Dale. Miss
Condon has a figure not unlike that
which belonged to Jessie Bartlett Da
vis when she was wont to play Alan-a-
Dale in these parts. Further expatia
tion on this virtue would be super
fluous. Miss Condon is also gifted with
a mellow mezzo voice—one would
scarcely classify it as a pure contralto
—which she controls with the instinct
of an artist. Her singing of "Oh,
Promise Me," and "St. Swithine's
Chimes," met with merited encores.
The tones of her middle and lower reg
isters are smooth, round and full.
That veteran comedian whom all de
light in—Henry Clay Barnabee —did
not appear in the familiar guise of the
sheriff of Nottingham. His place was
taken by Joseph Ratliff, who bore a
striking resemblance to Barnabee, and
who displayed a resonant and tuneful
voice. But Barnabee's extreme unc
tion —alas, it was not there. No an-
nouncement of Barnabee's absence was
made. It was privately learned that
he was suffering from a severe hoarse
Comment upon W. H. Mac Donald
and George B. Frothingham, who ap
peared in their customary roles of Lit
tle John and Friar Tuck, is needless.
Suffice it to say that Mr. Mac Donald
sang "Brown October Ale" with all the
old dash and heartiness, and Mr.
Frothingham got a laugh for every line
he spoke.
Howard Chambers, the basso, who
sang Will Scarlet with The Bostonians
upon their appearance here a year ago,
has improved vocally and dramatically.
He has a musical basso, which he em
ployed effectively in the cross-bow and
the armorer's songs.
An excellent caricature of the silly
lout, Guy of Gisborne, was contributed
by Campbell Donald.
Tonight The Bostonians will sing
"The Serenade."
—F. G. H.
Under "Two Flags," with Miss Jane
Kennark in the role of Cigarette, will
be the attraction at the Metropolitan
during the first half of next week, be
ginning Sunday night.
"The Sultan of Sulu," a musical
satire by George Ade, will play a re
turn engagement at the Metropolitan
for three nights and matinee, begin
ning next Thursday night.
The Hagenbeck trained animals
continue to please large audiences at
the Grand this week. Although the
show is given largely to entertain the
women and children, yet the attend
ance this week has been noted for
many men who have witnessed it and
pronounced it wonderful. There will
be four more performances, a matinee
Friday and Saturday and the regular
evening performances.
"The Fatal Wedding" will be the at
traction at the Grand next week.
There will be a ladles' matinee given
at the Star today by the Crackerjacks
company. The bill is strong in its
vaudeville features and there Is a very
pleasing burlesque afterpiece.
Murdered Girl's Mother Testifies in
Her Own Defense,
ALLENTOWN, Pa., Jan. 21.—Mrs.
Catherine Bechtel, whose trial on the
charge of being an accessory after the
fact to the murder of her daughter
Mabel, is in progress here, took the
witness stand in her own defense this
afternoon. She proved a good witness.
She told a plain, straightforward story
in a low, plaintive voice, which fre
quently broke as she repeated the in
cidents and conversations that wrung
her heart.
Mrs. Bechtel positively denied that
her son Tom killed Mabel, or that she
had guilty knowledge of the crime. She
was under cross-examination by the
commonwealth when court adjourned
which up to that time failed to shake
her story. j «
Preserving Historic Ship.
WASHINGTON. D. C. Jan. 21.-On the
recommendation of Rear Admiral Capps
chief constructor of the navy. Secretary
Moody has directed that the historic ship
Constitution shall be retained in ordinary
at the navy yard at Boston and repaired
from time to time s o that she may be
preserved indefinitely. The starboard of
the Constitution, will be made into a
naval museum. The secretary also has
decided to name the next battleship ap
propriated for by congress Constitution,
in order that the name may be preserved
in the navy.
Amalgamated Declares Dividend.
NEW YORK. Jan. 21—The directors
of the Amalgamated Coppor company to
day declared the regular quarterly divi
dend of Vi at 1 oar cent.
Continued From First Page.
doing an insignificant business, are on
the Pacific coast. Practically all the
rest are in the Middle West and more
conveniently served from the Atlantic
ports than by way of the Pacific, the
haul overland from the Pacific being
twice as long as from the Atlantic, and
much more difficult—being across the
Rocky mountains over tracks congested
with traffic."
If Mr. Loring knows that one-third
of all the wheat in the United States Is
produced in states traversed by the
main lines of the Great Northern and
the Northern Pacific, he hasn't told
anybody; but he is arguing, ostensibly,
for the wheat farmers who need binder
twine. With the perseverance of Mrs.
Partington. he tries to overcome the
natural disadvantage of the long Suez
route to the Atlantic seaboard, over
the comparatively short route across
the Pacific to Seattle.
Mr. Hill's Rate Dangerous.
Mr. Lorlng makes a pop-gun assault
on James J. Hill. Troubled by Mr.
Hill's 75-cent rate on hemp from Ma
nila to Chicago, Mr. Lorlng says:
"Mr. Hill's rate was made for the
exclusive benefit of the Western manu
facturer, and to build him up at the
expense of his Eastern competitor. To
turn this trade into the Pacific ports is
not only obviously unjust to the At
lantic ports, but is discriminating
against the Eastern manufacturer, and
will endanger the employment of about
12,000 persons in favor of the Western
competitor and of the steamers owned
and controlled by J. J. Hill. This is the
result sought to be attained by con
fining the Philippine trade to Amer
ican bottoms after July 1, 1904."
Mr. Loring particularly namrs the
approaching completion of the mam
moth Seattle steamships Minnesota and
Dakota and Mr. Hill's 75-eent rate aa
dangerous elements in the situation. He
says the ships are too large for the
hemp trade, for they would bring "too
much hemp at a cargo to make it pos
sible to use them in the Atlantic trade,"
and of course he doesn't want the Pa
cific coast cordage industry to be built
up. So he petitions congress to pro
tect Plymouth Rock by not passing the
Frye bill.
He adds that Mr. Hill's rate can't
possibly pay, but admits with much
anxiety that Mr. Hill is still hauling
hemp, and he wants the government to
allow no legislation that will enable
him to Increase the volume of this busi
ness on the West coast.
In Mr. Loring's pamphlet there Is no
answer to the argument that the cheap
Pacific rate on hemp and the upbuild'
Ing of cordage factories In the fur
West, where the wheat fields nre,
would —other things being equal—
cheapen the finished product to tho
consumer. On the other hand, he con
cludes by saying that "anyone can see
the farmer's finish."
Nearly all the opponents of the Frye
bill admit that there are not enough
available ships on the Atlantic coast
to accommodate the Philippine trade
without using foreign bottoms. But
there is an available tonnage of 145,
--000 tons on the Pacific side of which
82,000 sails in and out of Puget sound.
Therefore the Eastern manufacturers
wish to prevent legislation whk h would
encourage the Pacific carriers to enter
more actively Into the Philippine trade.
Mr. Hill has been attacked by many
persons besides Loring. For example,
the New York Journal of Commerce
recently denounced him bocuuse his
low rate on wheat and flour to the
Orient was hurting the trade of the
port of New York.
—Walter E. Clark.
Cordage Company Offers to Pay In-
creased Freight Rates.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 21.—Tho
senate committee on Philippines gave
a hearing today on Senator Prye'a bill
extending the coastwise laws of the
United States to the trade with the
Philippines, so that all commerce be
tween the islands and the United States
shall be carried by American vessels.
The hearing was ordered by Chairman
Lodge, on the application of the East
ern cordage manufacturers. The bill
already had been reported favorably by
the senate committee on commerce and
the Philippine island, but the protests
caused further consideration of the
It was brought out that the Eastern
cordage manufacturers fear the pas
sage of the bill would builrt up twine
manufacturing on the Pacific coast and
wreck Eastern industries. It developed
that the present freight ratos on Ma
nila hemp amount to about 46 cents per
100 pounds and it was estimated by
the manufacturers that the freight
rates, by the passage of the bill, would
be advanced fully $1 per 100 pounds.
Under these conditions, they reported
that the trade In hemp would return
to London, where It centered prior to
the opening of Philippine ports.
The Plymouth & Columbia Cordage
company, through its representatives,
told the committee it would agree to
enter into contracts with American
shipping companies to pay 10 per cent
increase over the present freight rates
paid to foreign shippers for 100,000 tons
of Manila hemp per year. The Plymouth
company representatives paid that
would be a contribution of $12,500 a
year from their company alone as a
subsidy to American ships.
Mr. Bullitt, of the Pocahontas Coal
company, of Philadelphia, said the
shipping between the United States
and the Philippines was now confined
almost exclusively to tramp steamerj.
The cost of operating foreign vessels
was so much less than operating Amer
ican vessels that he believed it would
be necessary to pay a bounty to Amer
ican vessels which engaged in Philip
pine trade.
Winthrop T. Marvin, of Boston, rep
resenting the combined shipping inter
ests, said thpre were enough American
ships to transact the Philippine busi
ness. He Bald the French bounty or
subsidy was responsible for the low
rate made by French vessels/between
the Hawaiian Islands and San Fran
Samuel S. Sewall, of Arthur Sewall
& Co., Bath, Me., asserted there were
plenty of ships to take care of all the
Senator Culberson asked what re
straint there would be on American
vessels if this law were passed ami a
monopoly created.
Mr. Sewall thought the competition
between American vessels and Ameri
can vessels operated in connection with
trans-American railroads would pre
vent excessive rates under any possi
ble American shipping monopoly.
James Jerome, of New York, presi
dent of the Michigan Steamship com
pany, and Edgar P. Luckenbach, of
New York, spoke of the number of
American vessels available for th«
business, declaring that many Ameri
can vessels were now lying idle be
cause of inability to compete with for
eign ships.
George S. Doarborn, president of the
American-Hawaiian Steamship com
pany, said his vessels were ready for
either the Atlantic or the Pacific busi
After representatives of the shipping
interests had concluded, cordage man
ufacturers and brokers were called.
Pierre J. Smith, of New York, and Hen
ry W. Peabody, of Boston, the latter
representing English brokers, appear
ed. Mr. Peabody said the bill menaced
the existing commerce of the Atlantic

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