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The St. Paul Globe THE GLOBE CO.. PUBLISHERS Entered at Postofflce at St. Paul. M!nn., 83 Second-Class Matter. TELEPHONE CALLS Northwestern—Business. 1066 Main. Editorial 7R Main. . • __ Twin^Mty—Business. 1065; Editorial. 78. CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS *~ By Carrier—Monthly Rate Only Daily only 40 cents per month Daily and Sunday 50 cents per month Sunday ...20 cents per month COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS By Mall. 1 1 mo. 16 mos. 112 moa. Dally only .25 $1.50 $3.00 Daily and Sunday .. .35 2.00 4.00 gunday 20 1.10 2.00 EASTERN REPRESENTATIVE W. J. MORTON, _ , _, 150 Nassau St.. New York City. 87 Washington St.. Chicaeo. THE ST.PAUL DAILY GLOBE'S circulation is now the larg est morning circulation in St. Paul. MORE copies of the St. Paul Globe than of any other morning newspaper in St. Paul or Minneapolis are delivered by carriers to regular paid subscrib ers at their homes. THE St. Paul Sunday Globe Is now acknowledged to be the best Sunday Paper in the North* west and has the largest circu lation. ADVERTISERS get 100 per *^ cent more In results for the money they spend on advertising in The Globe than from any other paper. THE Globe circulation Is ex clusive, because it is the only Democratic Newspaper of gen eral circulation in the Northwest. \ DVERTISERS In The Globe reach this great and daily increasing constituency, and it cannot be reached in any other way. RESULTS COUNT— THE GLOBE GIVES THEM. SATURDAY, OCT. 15, 1904 THE OTHER SIDE It is always interesting to know how the other fellow looks at some question which you have been revolving in your own mind. It is especially interesting to the curious, the seeker after novel ties and the solver of absurdities to know by what mental twist any man persuades himself that he ought to vote for H. C. Dunn instead of John A. Johnson. An esteemed contemporary that is supposed to be supporting the Republican ticket, although with such singular judgment that many Repub licans have questioned it, furnishes its readers with an explanation that is better than any of the puzzle pictures we have seen. It is hardly ingenuous, to put it mild ly, to say that "no one has ever yet been able to give a solitary reason why any Republican should not vote for Dunn." The Republicans are furnish ing those reasons frankly by the bushel. Our contemporary can go right out here in St. Paul and get interviews with any number of prominent Repub licans giving it the reasons that it has not been able to discover for itself. Perhaps the fact that it did not print the report of Examiner Johnson on Dunn's administratio.n in the auditor's office is one reason why it remains in pleasant ignorance. A good many peo ple found that the reason for not vot ing for Dunn. A good many people think his record with regard to timber lands and mineral lands could not be made attractive by any amount of burnishing, and a good many have found reasons that he has furnished them himself since the beginning of the campaign. The crack of the whip is not an ef fective campaign argument. Our con temporary makes remarks to the effect^ that if Dunn is defeated a campaign of vengeance will be inaugurated, and those whb cannot bring themselves to support him will be punished. This may be effective with half a score of politi cians ambitious for future office, but it counts for absolutely nothing with the rank and file. They are going to act for conscience sake, for what they be lieve to be for the good of the party, and do not care a fig for threats; be cause they want nothing for the future, while they know that their votes will always be welcome. In part of its political horoscope in the event, of Johnson's election we think our contemporary exceedingly happj\ It says that If Johnson is elected now he will "almost cerlainlj\ be re-elected In 1906;" and we thank it for the pre diction, which we shall endeavor to re member for use two years hence. Per haps no higher tribute to Mr. Johnson >nd no juster honor has been paid than this assertion by a leading Dunn paper, that if Mr. Johnson is made governor his personal and official record is such that he is sure to succeed himself after two years' trial. That is a certificate of character indeed when given by the en emy, and none the less effective be cause unconsciously rendered. The rest of the prediction is pure balderdash. . . It relates to the suggested defeat of Senators' Clapp and Nelson. Senator Clapp cannot be defeated except by the votes of straight Republicans already nominated. The Republicans have an assured and unopposed majority of the next legislature. If they cannot trust themselves % to elect, their senator we fail tp see what effect Mr. Johnson's election would have ,upon it, one way or the other. It will be quite time to cross the Nelson bridge two years from now. Senator Nelson has always shown himself fairly able to take care of his own interests. If the people of Minnesota want him to go back to the senate, they will say so at that time. If they want any other Republican ov if they want a Democrat they will say so. As for anything that this election has to do with Senator Nelson's place, it would be just as foolish to demand the election of Dunn in order that President Roosevelt may obtain a nom ination and re-election in 190 S. Assuming that our contemporary has furnished the best reasons within its gift for the election of Dunn, we can not fancy that they will have any per suasive power, upon those who are out to defeat him. We cannot find that they ought to have. One great virtue of the article in question is its testi monial to the worth of Mr. Johnson, and another is its indirect assurance to the Republicans who have determined to vote for him that they are making no mistake. Just as soon as the campaign is over the Constitutional club- should put aside politics and approach Captain- Judge Gallick with a view to making him a member. THE NORTHWEST IS ALL RIGHT Special advices from our Washing ton correspondent in Friday's Globe gave an interesting" review of the de partment of agriculture's reports on the crops in Minnesota and Dakota. After a matter of some three months, the de partment discovered what everybody knew at the time —that its early pre dictions were wide of the mark. We do not blame the federal authorities for not foreseeing the damage to be done by rust after their estimates were is sued. We do blame them because their estimates, when issued, not taking fu ture injury into account, were grossly exaggerated. They put the crop of the country much higher than there was any reason to suppose that it would or could be, and the farmer felt the in jury in lower prices. For weeks or months grain prices were based upon the incorrect prediction of the depart ment, which information in the pos session of intelligent men in touch with the crop situation could have corrected. The farmer paid the penalty. This fail ure by the department to tell the truth, easily ascertainable, ought to be in vestigated and properly punished. The figures now given out are by no means discouraging. If we had had them last spring, they would have cre ated a sensation. No one at that time could have imagined the enormous ad vance in wheat prices that has oc curred, making the return to the farmer greater than ever. The department places the yield of the entire West, in cluding seven sta-tes, Minnesota, the two Dakotas, Montana, Idaho, Wash ington and Oregon, at less than 200, --000,000 bushels. This, when we con sider the ordinary, yield of Minnesota and the Dakotas, is a great falling off. It shows still more plainly in the av erages. These are placed at 11.8 bush- els for North Dakota as against 12.7 last year; 9.3 for South Dakota as against 13.8 last year; and 12.8 for Min nesota as against 13.1 last year. All of this loss is made good for the farmer, however, by an increase in price, which so offsets the decrease in yield as to leave him money in pocket. This is confirmed from all quarters by authorities national as well as local. We published lately a statement by the general manager of a big manufactur ing company, whose business stretches throughout the Northwest, showing that conditions were never better in this territory. In fact he says that the prosperous state of affairs is not con fined to any one line of trade, but that the farmers are receiving so much cash for their crops that buying on a large scale is more general than ever before. This is the final and satisfactory index of prosperity. The Northwest has money in the bank and money to spend this year, and all lines of business feel the effect of it. It is a time for en couragement all around, and for a gen eral expansion of business activity to meet exceptionally favorable conditions. If Candidate Watson had lost his typewriter Instead of his voice Mr. Cor telyou would be really alarmed. WORTHY OF SUPPORT The appeal to the Presbyterian state synod in behalf of Macalester college, of St. Paul, should meet with a ready response. Macalester is one of the old and deserving institutions not only of the city, but of the state. It fills a real need and answers to a real want. While we are not in general in favor of the multiplication of educational institu tions of the higher grade, we should count it real loss to have one already established and doing good work fail, or find its efficiency impaired by reason of inadequate support. Macalester college has proved its usefulness and made its standing in the community sure. It has a fine equip ment, an ample roll pf competent in structors and a list of hard working aijd enthusiastic students. It has ' weiiNhered the storms o£ haid financial THE ST. PAUL GLOBE. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1904 years, and its continued existence is a certainty. The only practical question is whether It shall be placed immedi ately upon a footing that puts it out of reach of future hardship, or whether it will have to struggle along under diffi cult conditions for years to tome. We bespeak for it the sympathy and help of the public. It is destined to live, to grow and to expand the circle of its useful work. It ought to receive from those interested in it, and espe cially from the members of the de nomination that it so ably represents, enough support of all kinds not only to place it beyond reach of immediate need, but-to assure its speedy and com plete development into all that it stands for and means to be. Gen. Stoessel's main ambition seems to be that Port Arthur was intended for the site of a cemetery. IN A PANIC It looks as if the Dunn managers had lost their heads in the tremendous panic that has overcome them, and yet we do not know that they could have done better. They have to contend against a rising tide so irresistible tha,t it will sweep everything before it. They are sending campaign speakers every where, and canvassing this state with a thoroughness scarcely seen in the im- portant doubtful states of the East, rhat they are making no headway is iue to the insurmountable facts of the situation. Over in Hennepin county they long ago realized their situation, but are only just now making it public. Hen nepin county is going to give John A. Johnson the biggest majority that It ever gave to any candidate. Opinion there is pretty nearly unanimous. Nev er in any political campaign has any thing like it been seen. Republicans of lifelong party standing, men who are active in the councils of the party, even those who have been and aspire again to be officeholders, are outspoken in their intention to vote the whole Demo cratic ticket. So far has this gone that the Republican newspapers in Minne apolis are suggesting the sacrifice of local candidates to save Dunn if possi ble. This does not make the local can didates feel comfortable, and the whole party is by the ears. There is no saving the situation either in Hennepin county or in the state at large. This is no temporary ebulli tion of feeling, it is no local discontent, but a strong and general determination to transfer the control of political af fairs in Minnesota from the Repub lican party to the Democratic. Only the other day a man with whom Re publicanism is almost a religion said publicly in a street conversation that for the first time in his life he was go ing to vote not only for John A. John son, but for the entire Democratic ticket. He said that he would do this as a Republican, not only for the good of Minnesota, but for the good of the Republican party as he saw it. He be lieved that Republicanism could be saved from disgrace and extinction in Minnesota only by a discipline which should teach it that it must not tol erate either the men or the methods that have obtained and that are now seeking control. This is why the movement in favor of the Democratic ticket is no longer a revolt, but a revolutifin. This is why all the efforts that Republicans may make Will be absolutely unable to check it. It is not factional, or individual, or sponsored by ill temper or disappoint ment, but deliberate, well judged and "almost universal. At last the machine managers can retain their composure no longer, admit the deplorable condi tion of their affairs and send out a cry for help. It is too late. The people of this state have made up their minds and decided rightly. They are not to be moved by frantic appeals at the last moment in the name of party. Thou sands who are strong Republicans and expect to remain so believe that they can save their party only by repudiat ing everything for which is now stands. They cannot be cajoled or^ coerced or changed in the last few' days of the cajmpaign from their thoroughly pon dered decision. The Republican cause in Minnesota is a failure this year. Dunn and his associates are surely beaten. William 11. Taft insists that there has been only $199,000,000 spent in holding the Philippines. The statement stands subject to manipulation by the statisticians. In remembering the other good things about Judge Parker do not overlook the important fact that Debs and Wat son are against him. Fairbanks spent two days in Chicago, but nothing oould possibly hurt the Chicago climate. The campaign roorback factory ap pears to have passed into the hands of General Apathy. It seems clear that Mr. Heatwole would like to be the iceman. The Biggest Gun of the Lot Somehow we will never be able to feel that the Democrats have used their most effective ammunition until Grover Cleveland has been fired off at least once. —Augusta Chronicle. So Will Both Republican Factions. "Cheer up! Four weeks from tomor row the campaign in Wisconsin will be only a thing of memory.—Milwaukee Sentinel. « —. 1 v : Contemporary Comment\i a:.-:.r ?*j, ; i. ":;/::':;:• : a ; : "-•;.-;. While We Talk of ; Peace A - : ;:;; And speaking -of" the f- reduction i of; armaments and the promotion of ~ the cause tof universal peace, it siss to be rioted that two more battleships, a gun boat t arid two training ? ships ? will >; be launched this month ::, under our gov ernment's ; auspices.—Boston Herald. ; 'i Ho*4b He Never Comes Back \.< If "Elijah" *j Dowie ; really goes lup; in an : airship Tsl~: lot .of -mean ■- persons will hope : for . a suspension '. of • that i old \ rule that "All that goes up / must ,: come down."—Washington Post. . On the Right Track This Time Attorney General Moody promises that the reciprocity proposition with Canada will be taken up after election. Mr. Moody talks like a man who thinks the Democrats are going to win.— Washington Post. All Working for the Good Cause President Ingalls, of the Big Four, has uttered some ringing political truths that will have a good influence on the Democratic campaign.—Atlanta Constitution. Governor for the Grafters Mr. Higgins says he will be governor of the whole people. He can't very well avoid that; but the trouble is, he will be governor for the grafters.—New York World. A Regular Human Spitbali Senator Pettigrew's latest to Candi date Watson shows the folly of carry ing active- and frequent physical ex ercise too far.—Milwaukee Sentinel. No Wonder Congress Is Jarred "Let who will write the constitu tion." quoth the president, "just so they let me make the bjolaws."—Balti more SuUi One Means of Identification Dowiei announces he is going to buy a white jackass. The two can easily be toloi apart so long as Dowie keeps si lent. —Brooklyn Union. He May Get That, Too If we, m^y believe all those things we hea/ about Cortelyou, it would be well for the baby to look out for its candy.-rßoehester Herald. A Good Idea at That Judge Parker adheres strictly to his original proposition, viz: to take the presidential chair, not the stump.—At lanta Journal. . That Is the Issue This presidential election will decide the question whether or not "the pen is mightier than the sword."—New -York Herald. Nothing Like These Good Times The "administration may point to the rising price of Indiana voters as a fur ther evidence of prosperity.—Baltimore Sun. Please Remit Apostle Dowie announces that he will soon begin to remit sins. Send on your remittances.^Karrsas City Star. Among the Merrymakers Ain't It a Shame They were seated so close together on the parlor sofa that there was no room between them for an argument, when she suddenly let loose a sad and soulful sigh. "What's the.matter, darling?" he asked. "Oh," slie replied, VI just happened to think that this would oe our last evening together until tomorrow evening."—Chi cago News. , He Was Touched Hix —I suppose you were touched when your wife gave you that hundred dollar watch on your birthday? Dix —I should say I was touched. How do you think she got that hundred dol lars?— Philadelphia Bulletin. How It Sometimes Worked "A pugilist's career is very short is it not?" "No." answered the fighter. "After you have to quit the ring you can stili attract public attention by taking the pledge every now and then." —Washing- ton Star. A Domestic Hero "John," she said, "do you think you'll ever run'tfor president o' these here United States? 1': "Mary v " he said, as he folded her in his arms, "I could never give myself to the commonwealth as long as I've got you!"— Atlanta Constitution. i His Fuel "Do you burn gasoline in your automo bile?" " "I don't know," answered the appre hensive-looking man. "It seems to me that what I am burning is money."— Washington Star. Run Down Hicks-i-Whafs the matter with your neck? Wicksf-Bile. Hicks-^Boil, eh? ...... Wicks-r-No; bile. Automo. —Philadel- phia Ledger. ' The Aggrieved Party "Has your automobile frightened any horses?" . .._ . 'No." answered the novice. "But every now and then some horse turns suddenly into the road and gives me a scare."— Washington Star. TODAY'S WEATHER WASHINGTON, D. C Oct. 14.—Fore - Minnesota— Saturday and Sun day; fresh : east winds ..*■-•-. - ~ ■'; ■ Upper Michigan and Wisconsin—Partly cloudy- Saturday and Sunday; fresh east to southeast winds. •--•• •_.--_; •~~ iY r ." lowa. South Dakota and Montana— Saturday and ■ Sunday. ..-•; _--. ■= ■ ■ North Dakota—Showers .; Saturday and probably Sunday. .", v < • " ■ • ■- .. : St " Paul— Yesterday s v observations,:: taken by the United States weather bu- i reau St Paul. W. E. Oliver, observer, for the twenty-four hours ending at 7 o'clock last i night—Barometer corrected for tem perature : and : elevation. Barometer, 30.36; • relative humidity. 83; weather, cloudy; maximum temperature, 55; minimum tern-: perature;'4B; daily range," 7; ;.. mean ,' tem-. perature. 52; :l; p. m. 'temperature,; 54; wind at ,)7 p.m., southeast; precipitation,^ ' trace. ~-?>-t-'■,-"-■ t-> ■--" f "•'.-■ •-••■*:?.■ ." ~i; ~-~~ ■:: * Yesterday's Temperatures— ..-.-__ ■•.. _■.-^ . ... .■ - ; -:> *SpmHiKh! *BpmHigh Alpena •'...■. 46 • 64|Los Angeles .:72 82, Battleford 1".:..50 ■ 56iMarquette ..... . 48 52 Bismarck- •.'. • .56. 58iMemphis v;.% -. 62 ■} 72 Buffalo .... 48 64 Medicine : Hat..62 70 \ Boston w /:". X .48 -56 Milwaukee.--... .52 56 \ Chicaco '' * . .52 - 54 Minnedosa ,: v.. 52 54 ! Cincinnati .... 56 1: 62 Montreal .1.. :.42r 48 ClereJand \-..;54i-54 Moorhead 52 »4 : Deiive? V. -.64 72JNew Orleans. ..76 80 dls M6ines/..52 54 New. York ....52 - 58 Detroit .^. • 54 -56 Omaha .'. 58 v 62 Duluth "'".44 V 46 Pittsburg .:..52 60 El • Paso:::.... 64 >80 Qu' Appellee ....54 58 £icanaba 50 :56 San Francisco.sß 60 GalvTston ;... 78 "• 80 St.- Louis - .•;.-.. 60 _62 Grand Rapids 60 54 Salt Lake V;::,.68V70 : 'rreen Bay - .50 58 San r Antonio... 78 84 ; HaTre . 60 68 S. Ste. Marie.:46-56 Helena-' r .V.60-66 Washington ..52 64 Huron J.'.' '■ '■ '■ '• •58 70 Winnipeg r :r.... 54 64 Jacksonville f.".66 yj 68 ■ .'.•;--■ . .: ; '.. •Washington time (p. m. St. Paul). | River Bulletin—B: a. m. ' ,\ v v : - •■ ; Danger Gauge , Change ! Stations. -'■' '■■■; Line. Reading. 24 hours. S^PaulT^^:Vrr:f;l4;^'; 6.0 -^0.0 : La Crosse 10 «■« ?>f Davenport 15 4-6 : ; *0.0; ua\enpoii „ « „ St.; L0ui5....r.....-30 «.<2 . —U.» ? The Mississippi river at St. Paul will remain; nearly stationary.;., -;:i At St. Paul Theaters Clever character drawing is one of the conspicuous attributes of Charming Pollock's dramatization of Frank Nor ris' famous novel, "The Pit," in which Wilton Lackaye is appearing at the Metropolitan opera house. There will be but two more performances of "The Pit," this afternoon at 2:30 and to night at 8:30. Every woman attend ing the matinee will be presented with an autograph of Wilton Lackaye. "The Runaways" will be seen at the Metropolitan tomorrow night. Arthur Dunn appears as a jockey, which role fits him well, owing to his diminutive stature and the opportunities afforded him for funmaking are said to be un limited. In the cast are Charles Dox. Clarence Harvey, Thomas Whitbread, William Meehan, Erminie Earle, Sallie Randall, Blanche Wayne, the Althea sisters and the famous English pony ballet. The character of Mataya, in De Wolf Hopper's "Wang," has been in terpreted in turn by Delia Fox, Edna Wallace Hopper, Virginia Earl, Madge Lessing, Julia Sanderson and Mar guerite Clark. Miss Clark is at pres ent in possession .of the part, and De Wolf Hopper declares this little wom an's work in the character is easily equal to that of any of her prede cessors. Mr. Hopper will introduce Miss Clark in her new role next Thurs day at the Metropolitan. A matinee today at 2:30 and a per formance tonight at 8:15 will con clude the engagement of Nat M. Wills in the musical comedy, "A Son of Rest," at the Grand. The play contains pretty music and clever specialties. That agile comedian, Harry Clay Blaney, supported by a large company, comes to the Grand for a week's en gagement, commencing with a mati nee tomorrow in the comedy drama, "Across the Pacific." The Bon-Ton company is giving an unusually good bill at the Star. The vaudeville numbers are taking and the burlesque is very funny. What the Editors Say Senator Quarles talked to a large audience in Kenosha, Wis. He told his audience that La Follette, gov ernor of the state of Wisconsin, "is a traitor to the party," and that "he is unworthy of the name of Republican." So we have another and a new stand ard of Republicanism. It will read a lot of very good men out of the party if applied. La Follette thinks it is good, sound Republicanism to have all the voters select their candidates in stead of "the System." Deneen, Re publican candidate for governor of Illi nois, thinks so, too. He also is a "trai tor" and "unworthy the name of Re publican," according- to Quarles. —St. Cloud Journal-.Press. The ante-^cnvention statement of Candidate Dunn, that he would rather be. in hades with his crowd than in heaven with his opponents, is not sub stantiated in any remarkable degree by his throw-down of Heatwole and Verity. However, under the new man agement, his path will not deviate much from the direction in which he has always been headed.—Sauk Center Avalanche. The Republican national committee and the Wisconsin supreme court do not seem to agree as to the convention law of Wisconsin. The latter, in ren dering: its decision, followed the stat utes and the facts. .The former, in rendering its decision, followed its natural bent in .favor of corporate in terests and their tools. —Duluth Herald. In speaking of pine stumpage steals, permit the question 4o be asked as to whether or not all men who have been engaged in defrauding the state by ab solute theft of stumpage have been caught and made to settle, either at one value or treble value? And if not, why not? —Virginia Enterprise. In his address in this city R. C. Dunn stated that John A. Johnson opposed a measure in the state senate which had to do- with the placing of names of Spanish war veterans on an official "rooster." It must be admitted that this man Dunn is a bird when it comes to argument.—Winona Independent. It's easy to cry "prosperity," but it's a different matter to crystallize it into a form that will meet your maturing ob ligations. Any Republican spellbinder can do the former, but it requires something the laborer and _ producer hasn't got to make it meet the latter. — Mclntosh Times. _They say that Heatvvole was dropped because he was quietly knifing Dunn. There isn't any question about what he is doing now—he has got down his old cornknife and is simply cutting swaths, and he doesn't care much whom he hits. —Wykoff Messenger. If Bob Dunn's campaign committee can keep him on the stump until elec tion day, Johnson's majority over him will be too big to be counted. —Winona Independent. It looks very much as if Jim Martin Bold himself short when he contracted to deliver the Collins vote into the Dunn camp.—Sauk Center Avalanche. CIVIL SERVICE HAS 271,169 EMPLOYES Number of Women in the List Consti- tutes Nearly 9 Per Cent WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 14.—The census bureau today issued a report on the executive civil service of the United States, showing a total of 271, --169 • employes, embracing all persons employed in the executive branches of the federal government except enlisted men in the military and naval branches. This aggregate embraces 120,785 em ployes not included in the reports made by the heads of the executive depart ments. Of these 120,786, all but 17,710 were exempT from examination under the civil service rules. The postoffice and treasury departments give employ ment to three-fourths of the executive civil service. The interstate commerce commission is the only one of all the departments or independent offices which employs male employes exclu sively. The largest proportion of female em ployes is in the interior department' and the government printing office. The total number of the female employes in the executive civil service is almost 9 per cent of the whole number.. In the departments and independent. of fices in Wasliington the average an nual salary is $1,072; average age of employes, forty-one, and average pe riod of service, ten years. Breaks Naval Gunning Record SAN- FRANCISCO, Cal., Oct. 14.— News was brought to this city by the gunboat Bennington that Rear Admiral C. F. Goodrich's flagship New York, during her target practice last month in Masdalena bay, Mexico, broke the world's record for firing eight-inch guns, making the greatest scores ever made with guns of this caliber. ROBERTS TELES AEE ABOLT THE TREASURY Deficiency for the Last Fiscal Year Reaches a .Matter of $41,770,571 WASHINGTON, D. C, Oct. 14.—Ellis H. Roberts, treasurer of the United States, has submitted to "Secretary Shaw his report for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1904. The net ordinary revenues Were $540,631,749, a decrease of. $19,764,925, as compared with 1903, and the net ordinary expenditures $582,402,321, an increase of $76,303,314. In the receipts the principal falling off was $23,205,017 in customs, while in the disbursements the important increases were $11,423,445 in commerce and labor, $60,788,580 in the treasury proper and $20,338,067 for the navy. Unusual ex penditures were $50,000,000 on account of the Panama canal and $4,600,000 loaned to the Louisiana Purchase Ex position company, which latter has now been nearly all repaid. But for these, the recorded deficiency of $41,770,571 would have been changed to a surplus of $12,829,428. The operations affecting the public debt exceeded those of the preceding year and amounted to $699,660,941 in receipts and $638,924,379 in disburse ments. The aggregate receipts for the year were therefore $1,240,292,690 and the aggregate disbursements $1,221, --326,701. For the first three months of the current fiscal year the revenues show a falling off of $6,516,373 and the expenditures an increase of $18,073,539. Work of Redemption The trust funds held for the redemp tion of outsanding notes and certif icates amounted at the end of the year to $978,084,569, an increase of $85,015, --700 in twelve months. By Oct. 1 there was a further increase to $1,014,779,969^ The redemptions of United States notes in gold amounted to $11,081,068 for the year, and those of treasury notes to $474,126. In consequence of the deficiency in the revenues, the cash in the offices of the treasury and mint declined during the year from 4170,020,562 to $137,320, --256, and by Oct. 1, to $125,964,986. The available balance, including deposits in national banks and other credits, was $238,685,114 on June 30, 1903, and $151, --414,162 en Oct. 1, 1904. Exchanges of 4 and 3 per cent bonds into 2 per cents were continued up to Jan. 9, 1904, with aggregate conversion of $16,799,100 of the 4s and $5,971,100 of the 3s. The S per cent loan matured Feb. 1 and was reduced by redemptions before maturity by $14,741,341 and after maturity by $3,894,750, leaving $777. --850. Other changes in the public debt have been unimportant, with the ex ception of the increase in gold certif icates, which amounted in fifteen months to more than $119,000,000. Increase in Banks The increase in the number of banks during the year was 395, and of these 262 deposited, less than $100,000 each in bonds to secure circulation and 381 less than $500,000 each. On June 30 a single bank had on deposit $10,000,000 In bonds tc secure circulation, while 1,820 had less than $25,000. Bonds to secure public moneys were held for 842 insti tutions in 52 states and territories, in cluding Porto Rico, in amounts varying from $40,000 to $10,000,000 or more. The state and municipal bonds on de posit, which at one time amounted to over $20,000,000, have been gradually reduced to less than $3,000,000. The annual duty paid into the treasury on circulation was $1,928,837, an increase of $220,017 over 1903. An addition of $118,793,148 was made during the year to the stock of the country and another of $31,829,599 in the following quarter. Of the total in crease $110,804,469 was in gold. The aggregate supply on Oct. 1, exclusive of certificates, was estimated at $2,835. --333,734, of which $2,562,149,489 was in crculation. The proportion of gold was 47.66 per cent, as against 44.21 July 1, 1900. The gain of gold to the treasury in the same period was $28,033,233. De posits of gold bullion were received at the mints and assay offices during the year to the amount of $175,593,565. The actual gold coin in circulation on Oct. 1 is placed at $641,844,863 in coin and $486,512,139 in certificates. Growth in Circulation Since July 1, 1900, there has been a growth of $463,991,862 in the money in circulation, or an average of nearly $116,000,000. On Oct. 1 the circulation reached the maximum of $31.26 for each person, and then the proportion of gold to the whole was 44.03 per cent. In the current fiscal year the demand for small bills, in spite of all previous additions, has been unceasing. Expe rience has made it clear that the stock of small notes is hardly sufficient. The department has employed all its; re sources, but these are limited, for the issue of silver certificates cannot ex- i ceed the silver dollars available and the United States notes have a volume fixed by law. The report says: "This condition of things might be remedied by congres3 without inflating the currency. First, the issue of gold certificates of the denominations of $5 and $10 might be authorized. Second ly, such certificates to the amount of $50,000,000 might be substituted at once for United States notes by the applica tion of that sura, from the reserve. Thirdly, the national banks migmr be permitted to issue any part of their cir culation in $5 notes, by the repeal of the provision allowing only one-third of the total issue of each institution of that denomination." The national bank notes presented for redemption during the year amount ed to $262,141,930, or 61.12 per cent of the average outstanding. This is the highest record for any year of the thii - ty during which these notes have been redeemed by the treasurer. " Redemptions Increase From June 30, 1899, to June 30, 1904, there was a net increase of 1,803 in the number of banks, making a total of 5,386. While there has been a large in crease in the amount of notes outstand ing, the increase in the yearly redemp tions has been larger. For the first quarter of the current fiscal year the presentations exceed those of the same period in 1903 by nearly 20 per cent. The movement of silver dollars from the treasury was a little over $41,000, --000, and the shipments for the current year show an increase over last. Sil ver dollars to the amount of $46,098,314 we're presented during the year at the treasury offices for exchange into other money. An addition of $2,801,644 was made to the subsidiary silver coin in circulation, carrying the total up to $95,528,343. The disbursements of these coins for various purposes amounted to more than $29,900,000. The redemptions were $40,375,137, as against $40,959,244 in 1903. , * * ■ Minor coins are not included in the general statements of circulation; yet a volume of no less than $38,149,519 is shown to have been coined and not re melted. An increase of $1,583,715 took place during the year, of which nearly $1,000,000 was m 5-cent nickel pieces and the remainder in bronze cents. The redemptions were $5,587,482. TRADE EXPANSION IS SATISFACTORY Check in Revival of Retail Trade In Heavy Goods Does IN ot Prevent Net Increase NEW YORK, Oct. 14.— R. G. Dun & Co.'s weekly review of trade tomorrow will say: Progress is slow but sure in the leading branches of manufacture, contracts being more readily placed for distant delivery, while the percent age of idle machinery steadily de creases. Satisfactory news from lead ing iron and steel centers tends to strengthen confidence elsewhere, as the consumption of iron has been found a good barometer of business conditions. Jobbing and wholesale trade in fall an,l winte- wearing apparel expands grad ually, and such spring lines as are opened meet with a fairly satisfactory reception, considering the recent indis position to provide for future require ments. At many points the return of warm weather checked the revival <>£ retail trade in heavy goods, but as that movement had begun much earlier than usual, the net result thus far is better than last year. Building opera tions expanded at some cities, estab lishing a noteworthy record for Sep tember, and the permits recently is sued promise well for the future. Labor is fairly well employed, according to the latest official trades union reports, although the Fall River struggle has lasted longer than expected. Latest returns of foreign commerce compare very favorably with the corresponding time last year, and railway earnings in the first week of October were. 6.9 per cent larger than in 1903. All divisions of the iron and steel in dustry are making progress, tardy or ders coming forward in greater number and while few large contracts are re corded the aggregate tonnage is en couraging. More office buildings and bridges are contemplated for Western cities, while the railways seek cars and other equipment, with more interest than at any recent date. A big demand for agricultural implements is confi dently anticipated. Reports of steel rails promise to be large, and much foreign business is being negotiated. Little recovery has occurred as yet in the domestic demand for cotton goods, but export contracts cover ship ments up to next May. Prices are firmly maintained. Woolens are tha most active of the textile fabrics, ship ments of men's wear going forward rapidly. Raw wool is in good demand at full prices. Recent lar^e purchases of hides established prices in a firm position, but are followed by less ac tivity. Failures this week were 208 in the United States, against 208 last year, and in Canada 24, compared with 28 a year ago. BANK CLEARINGS Week's Showing of Financial Institutions of Leading Cities NEW YORK. Oct. 14.—The following table, compiled by Bradstreet. shows the bank clearings at the principal cities for the week ended Oct. 13, with the per centage of increase and decrease, as com pared with the corresponding week last year: | Inc. | Dec. New York 151.559.514.3581 44.7 Chicago 187.120.68"! 1.2 Boston 132.2:56.7091 0.7 Philadelphia ... 122.841.303 20.5 St. Louis 55.in6.425 4.7 Pittsburg ...... 43.585.1251 3.8 San Francisco.. 31.265.814 l 4.7 Baltimore 2S. 037.640 12 1 . Cincinnati 23.965.850 15.1 Kansas City ... 23.471.476 12.1 New Orleans... 18.530,929 23.8 Cleveland 13,026,361 13.3^ Minneapolis ... 23.777.088 26.8 Detroit 10.912.376 6.2! Louisville 10.619.459 5.7 Omaha 8.776.003 8.3! Milwaukee 8.940.623 1 2.4 Providence 7.!»70.900 11.2 Buffalo 6.51G.117 1.3 Indianapolis ... 6,78_',563 15.3! St. Paul 6.485.610 4.4 Los Angeles ... 6.365.444 0.7 St. Joseph 4.836.183 3.0 Denver 4,863.874 2.7 Seattle 5,288,720 8.9 Washington ... 4.406.149 3.8 Portland, 0r... 5,720,241 23.3 Salt Lake City. 3.156.9G0 7.5 Dcs Molr.es.-... 2.390.834! I 3.3 Spokane, Wash. 3,270.5991 33.1 Topeka 971.5601 46.3 Sioux City 1.443.801! 6.1 Davenport 1.029.068 12.3 Helena 566.295 20. L Fargo, N. D 718.100! 5.0 Sioux Falls^S.D. 394.934) 10.1 ♦Houston 17.552.982 4.7 ♦Galveston 12.103,000, 11.9 Totals. U. 5... $2,456,539,424 26.7! Outside N. Y. 897.025.0661 4.1| CANADA Montreal I $24,509,079 19.9! ."• Toronto 20.816.890 63.3! Winnipeg 5,949,073 28.9! Ottawa 2.077.925 -8.3J Halifax -1.950,508| 15.81 Quebec- I 1,698,538! 28.5' Vancouver, B.C. 1.5G7.757 36.51 .-. Hamilton 1,138.149 26.4 London. Ont 892.327 25.4' St. John.N. 8... 1.040.664 15.5| Victoria, B. C. 793,977 5.7 I j 1 . Totals. Can...! $62.434.887 32.2: ♦Not included in totals because'of con taining other items than clearings. THE NEWS CONDENSED New York —The executive committee of the International Association of Accident Underwriters voted to recommend the adoption Jan. 1 of the limitation of week ly indemnity payments under health policies to twenty-six weeks. _- South Bend—Senator Allison, of lowa, spoke here, devoting most of his atten tion to the criticisms of Judge Parker and Henry G. Davis, of the appropriations and expenditures under the McKinley and Roosevelt administrations. Washington—Private advices from Ven ezuela say many arrests are being made there to check a revolutionary movement on a large scale which is being din-cted against President Castro's administration. Philadelphia—Many of the distinguished foreign delegates to the recent peace con ference in Boston addressed ' several meetings held here an* in this vicinity; during the day and evening. Berlin— Germany's old enemy of a de cade ago. Hendrick Witbol. according to an official dispatch from Windhoek, Ger man Southwest Africa, lias declared war against the Germans. . Chatham. Mass.— The schooner Went worth. of Moncton, N. 8.. srtrack on ('hat ham bar during a raging northejjy sale, and all the twelve persons on board per ished in the sea. ,• Cleveland. ' Ohio--The ..Cleveland Cliffs Iron company- placed an; order With ilia Great Lakes^Engineerli^compaiiy,, of De troit, for *a" large freight to • cost $350,009. ■■■ ■■.-'--• -;■"■ *>v;/''';'•■ \-.-; Paris-Mr. McCormick, American am hrt=;sador at St Petersburg, sailed m.m Serbourg for 8 Ru%' sia is calm in spite of the *ar. Wushington-The "postal delicicricy for the .according"to Auditor; Joseph^Me 492 accordiiig to Auditor Joseph J. Mw Cwrdy.