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Kf nil I ItLIV iT i^^W l) f I] C^vKlVJljkl nivKAL- ] Will - NLOCrNVTHIKER-S KILL }♦ I'M THE- "MO"V-N"<liAlT>r>S * . OF KENT VCI ■9. * » By Clifford Smyth. THERE Is a race of men, -.most of them inhabiting the shadowy j wilds of mountain and forest ly-- Ing south of Mason and Dlxon's; line, about whom cluster tales of ■ romantic adventures, deeds of dar- j ' '- ing and a calm defiance of federal J and State regulations that, renders them unique among those who cross swords with ; the: authorities. Judged by their own code of morals, these: men are neither law breakers , nor opposed to the government. Often they--occupy a thoroughly respect able position in their several communities, a«4 they'are usually accorded the assist ance and protection of their neighbors; whenever the marshals and the revenue " officers declare war on them. As to the il legality of their trade, what they do to-1 day. they say, their ancestors j have done. Cor more than a century before them, and it was not until some twenty-five years ago that the government thought to interfere! and rob them of what they Consider their] rights. But the government claimed it was bc-ihg' defrauded of millions of its just revenue, ,and from that day to this has never ceased in its war on these, moon seiners, these -brewers and distillers of. illicit spirits, In their strongholds along j frown! mountain sides and out of the, way ravines In the South. i During the first four years of this war-! fare rive thousand stills were seized in the Southern States, eight" thousand moon-, sbibers " were, captured, twenty-nine gov ernment officers were murdered and sixty- '. thrr« seriously wounded. There is no tally of the number of moonshiners who fell in tlWse encounters. Although the average number of stills seized to-day is about the same as formerly, there were only j six thousand moonshiners arrested in the last | eight years, while -in the same period there j were eight officers killed and twenty-two) 'wounded. The stills destroyed-numbered j . 14,9:J7. Of the 1.2C9 moonshine : stills ,'de-1 strijyeiUii«M>^''ear. 13. were located outside of Southern States—9 in New '.York* 2 in, Massachusetts and 2 in Jersey. Of the remainder. 583, nearly half the entire number' werial found in Georgia, the State that has always held the record in this j matter of moonshining.; ,Just-at present the authorities are look-; ing forward to : a busy season. The corn] ti-Mi has-been gathered, which means that the men.. who make whiskey and do not! count in: their ;expenses the purchase of go\ '•r:;imMH..-SLamps, as j provided -by law, . afe*boginning to get busy. The reason for this, is-that the corn crops are re-ported a3, being :unusually good this ■ year, and that always means plenty of :moonshine. A Southern Problem. I No*' that the corn Is practically ajl. in j all -throifgh' the .mountains : there will be jttjiis started. Tand^fter ; the : still come the revenue officers and ; the raid and seizure! of the whiskey, and then the courtroom.-j Just why. the moonshiners of the coun-: try,' should be -confined to the : Southern . Slates is a problem. Wherever there are earn ami .running' water there are-the 1 two • «»•■.-?i.tills of whiskey making, whose?' Dt-'*+trs :*r.> relatively, enormous. ;-. 'i.ie cost! of.corn to the moonshiner, the only ex pense upon which he has to figure, is, 1 on an v average, fifty cents per bushel. ,' V'A bushel of corn makes three gallons ot whiskey. This the moonshiner sells at $1 per gallon, making a profit of $2.50 on every bushel of com, a. rate that is Impossible to the licensed distiller, whose government tax alone is $1.10 per gallon— more than the selling price of his illicit rival. But the possibilities of moonshining as a business, do not appear to be thor oughly appreciated except among those shrewd Southern mountaineers; There is on record" one case of mcon shinlnj' out West, In Wyoming. This case was discovered some three or four years ago, to the utter astonishment of the Revenue Department. Upon investigation, however. it transpired that the man who operated the still In this far away region did not belong to Wyoming, but had-just arrived there from h's native State of Georgia. , Many and various are the method?, used by the moonshiners in - the manufacture of their illicit product. . From a; steam plant, hidden in the canebrakes of Georgia, or the elaborate layout of some cave in the mountains of Kentucky, 10 a.mlik can in . the cellar jof a' Southern city, there is no lack of-ingenuity among these distillers of firewater.' "Here is a still," said -Deputy. Revenue Agent Martin, exhibiting some of the cap tured treasures of the government cm the Revenue Department's Southern =V office, "Here ■is;' a • still . that ; takes; the f prize ■ for neatness and simplicity. Probably it didn't cost Its inventor-ten cents to make It. but that • llttio still , gave us /an awful lot of trouble before we ran* it down—and to this day we are looking for the mar* who used to operate ' it. - He was ; ona of I the daring kind. ; For purel devilt'rjvas a joke on the Revenue' Office, he went '. by my % name, John : Martin, and actually: made and sold his liquor between Grant Park and the Soldiers' Home in the city limits of At lanta..' ■•"■ ' ' "-'."• =:: . ~ "For a while it caused a great deal of confusion when, reports"came la : thr. t ,'John Martin': was running a still out there/and whenever, we wont out to rind him we always failed to \ locale .his . plan:. :* This plant wa-s su.-h •".&■ novelty, in the history of ; tnoonshhiing that it puzzled" u.i for, a long time. We knew;thai John ;Martin' was making whiskey within ; easy reach ot the central" revenue office of . the ; State -of Georgia, - but ' how ho did I: "without any =H A. "NGOptt\?Ki>rEi^ caste. r>r tkg- H >ip\n<rTAJ>r^' OF M T\/C"\< V ,'T-HE SMALLEST OTH ---- - CAPTURED DV THE-- [visible apparatus Vas a mystery... i*t last j we found the litlle.thir.g that you see there, land the case became a plain one ' right awuy. A Modest Mco shiner. -•■.<—"^ss^ i ."That is the smallest still, as. well as the simplest,. that has ever been captured: by a government officer. It consists merely of a; quart milk can, with :an ordinary tin funnel -for' a cap. - The arm and copper '. •worm running from the »tiil to the .'Hake ! stand 1' or .condenser Is less .than half an inch in diameter, while .the* condenser' is nothing more . nor less than an.old' gallon paint pot with. the stains ;of the paint i sticking to it even now.^-'*^—"*"^"T'" ~ "This little outfit, as we discovered af terward : 'John ' Martin' used to r. carry ! about I with him in a • carpet bag,. making j his liquor at any convenient place and changing the locality whenever jit seemed best for his safety. Of course he couldn't make much.: liquor at a timer,'; It • takes twenty ' gallons of 'beer' or • ; 'mash 1 '-. to make one gallon-of whiskey, and as. John's still could not hold more than a quart of •beer' ; the : capacity of j his run was limited to a few drinks.- But he kept '■ his little pocket distillery ■ going all the time, and must have made a fairly good living from it. - Although we ran across \|is. apparatus in the bushes," he was too smart for us himself, leading us a chase" over the hills that none but a"'greyhound or a moun taineer, could keep up. ,, ■">>'.;■>... ..'..-..-,_ + ■[" I "That was moonshining on a small scale, I the smallest of wjiich we have* any record. I But here is the'biggest haul that was ever made in the State. of Georgia—a still I run Iby a steam plant down in the^o^ipo fields of Morgan county. It has a capacity of one thousand gallons - and, when we cap tured it, was turning out < seventy-five gal lons of whiskey a day. It was operated 'by a big steam ; boiler :and literally coined !money for its owners. These consisted.of a wealthy company, probably men of good standing in the community, but' as yet we have not gathered, sufficient proof to'brlng any of them "to" justice." r ' '.\. "" ""'■■'■■■ "A moonshine plant of this kind is usual ly operated -as one of . the legitimate < in dustries of the place."' the negro hands, on'; I the farm ever ' since * the old slavery days, 1 doing ihost; of the work at the distillery. The negroe3 in these plantation raids* are the moat helpless, scared 'class; with which !we i ever have to deal. -They never do any flglitin«.-y A ; moonshiner wijl. tak«; : chances and run, whether you have your gun on him or not, but a negro stands at the command of the officer and is always caugh' it none but negroes were in the business the officers would have an easy . PRINCE AND AUTOMOBILE. PRINCE HENRY Ot PRUSSIA, while riding In an automobile near Kiel, re cently, suddenly found his way blocked by a large -farm wagon, which was '■ going at a snail's pace. The Princes chauffeur blew his horn over and over S again, but it produced no effect on the 1 sturdy old fanner, who was guiding the ! sluggish horses, and finally the Prince | told him to try and pass the wagon at all hazards. This the chauffeur did, and I though the passage was very narrow, he i skilfully managed to avoid an accident. 1 The horses plunged, however, as the puff : jng machine passed by them, and the old ; farmer, roused from his apathy, poured 1 forth a storm of maledictions on the stal wart gentleman in the automobile. "You're nothing but a big blockhead." he finally shouted, and at the words the Prince whispered to the chauffeur, who at once left the carriage and went up to 1 the old man. j "What do you mean by calling Hl3 Royal j Highness a blockl cad?" he asked him. "Heavens above! Is that His Royal ; Highness?" stammered the farmer. "Good Jlvord! I didn't know 'twts him!" ; "All right," answered the chauffeur. time of It. But the negroes never own the slills that they operate. The whites who do awn them oftentimes form a sort of shotgun brigade, and under shelter of an am>bush guard their property with a perti nacity that frequently gives, us a sharp fight for it." Some Stir rising Records. According to Revenue Agent Gates, who has charge of this department in the States of Georgia, Alabama, Florida ami the northern part of Mississippi, and who holds the record, with his deputies, of having destroyed 2,500 moonshine stills in the State of Georgia alone, the greatest; amount of danger to the raiding officer is to be found in the mountains of Kentucky. In that wild region, during his term as T'nited States agent for Kentucky, Colonel Gates took part in eight fights with the mountain moonshiners. In all of these encounters, according to this veteran raider, the fighting was done on the par: of the moonshiners from ambush, whence the officers were practically an open tar get to their assailants. Strange to say, however, notwithstanding the reputation the Kentucky mountaineer has for marks manship, in no instance does Colonei Gates report the serious wounding of one of his men, although a number of the moon shiners themselves were shot and carried off by their comrades. One of the Colonel's deputies gives the following romantic leaf from his experiences as a raider in Ken tucky:— "One of the saddest incidents that e>'»r "The Prince Is satisfied that you did not know him. and. as you arc the first per son who has ever called him a blockhead he wishes to return the compliment by pre senting you with these five dollars." HIGH FINANCE. WHILE Jay Gould was superintending! the building of the old Rutland and; Washington Railroad, between Rut-; land, Vt.. and E-igle Bridge, N. V.,; in the late summer of 1852, It became nee- J essary to cross a large farm In the town ; of Castleton belonging to Mrs. Ann Dineen, [ so a strip of her property was o-btained. A fine pntch of watermelons on the plar-o was] too strong a temptation for the one hun- j dred or more men in the construction gang, ; and in a day or two the patch was melon- ( less. . Mrs. Dineen complained to Gould, but he ! disclaimed any responsibility for the acts j of the workmen and refused to recom-; pense her for her loss. A day or two later Mr. Gould and one or two of his engineers were obtaining re lief from th* effects of the hot weather by taking a swim In the Castleton River, j when suddenly Mrs. Dineen appeared on j the bank. Gathering up all the clothes of the bathers, the woman made a motion as though to throw them Into the water and , shouted:—"Will yez' pay me fer thim ' watermilllons now, Mr. Gould?" I The promoter's trousers contained a j timepiece worth a large sum and other val jjuables which Immersion would not have r benefited, so he agreed to settle for the j stolen fruit if she would go to his office Jthe next day. The promise was. satisfac ;jtory and Mrs. Dineen retreated In triumph. ———""-~ | AT ELECTION TIME. • (pv URING the last Presidential cam-' ' lpalgn in Illinois," say 3 a member of L/the Republican Commit.toe-in that State, ■ "I was much amused by a conversation between 'Uncle Joe' Can-! , non and a young, spellbinder who was! speaking of the discouraging outlook In aj certain district which the rtpMotfcana were] '[most anxious to carry. "I don't know what to m3ke of the p?o-; [ p)a down there," said the younger poli jtieian. "Appeals to their reason seem to: I!be out of the question. They seem to ad limit the logic of our principles, but they are i certainly going to vote the other way if .I my information is correct. I'm disgusted jca.me under my observation in a rc-Oui'^-.jne ■raid occurred up In the Kentucky moun tains. "' The still we were after 0:1 the oc casion to which I refer was located in -1 cave in a wild part of the mountains, and it was Impossible to find it without a guide. Hoping to catch the moonshiner off his guard, we stopped at his house, but he was not to be found there. His wife, however, a young woman whom he had just married in some other part of the mountain:?, met us I with the custo.Tiary Kentucky hasplullty. and volunteered.herself to take us to the cave. - From the way she spoke she evi dently knew nothing of her husband's J business nor that we were government offi- I cers. She knew th.3 Whereabouts of the cave, however, and guided ua there with out any difficulty. The place was in the | side of an immense precipice, and gave us; I the steepest kind of a climb. i^rom thej . I smoke that we saw issuing from i.he cave's mouth in the moonlight we knew that the man we were after was at work inside. "It seemed. a little hard to be using his wife, a bride of only a few months, to run j him down; but he was an old offender, had j defied us openly more -than once, and this' j seemed too good ,a chance to lose.- We. ! found out : afterward 'that he. was so in i love with this woman that he had not i told her about his moonshining for fear J she would have thought less of him on ac ■ count of it. She came from a part of the j State where that kind of thing is not] practised and altogether appeared to be a refined sort of woman, innocent as she was pretty, so that the old fellow was With them. What's the use of apaealing to their reason?" "My boy," said Cannon with a grim smile, shifting hU, cigar to the other side of his mouth, "haven't you learned yet [never to expect pure argument to have imuch weight? You want to throw in an iappeal to self-interest now and then. You mast not be discouraged. Just reflect anß tell me how many time 3in your brief life you have been able to go behind the door and successfully argue yourself out or a \too\ intention!" TRUST IS GOLDEN. I-xROFESSOR BRAXDER MATTHEWS .was making one of his epigrammatic -^ after dinner speeches:— "The first man to enunciate a truth Is a genius; the second is a plagiarist, the third is lacking in originality and the fourth is drawing on the common stock." "And the fifth," interpolated President Nicholas Murray Butler, "is making 'orig inal research.' " FIXING THE BLAME. , ' iV/I AYOR . WEAVER, of Philadelphia, i I relates; WEAVER, Philadelphia, I j relates how a prominent business^ 1 I - I man of that city who -owns a very di ij • lapidated frame building in; the He- I!brew quarter was recently summoned by; 1 telephone by the tenant, a small clothing > merchant," who stated that the place was - on fire. '.'■": - ■' The busings man was very indignant ■ when'on arriving at the scene of the fire] '■me found the damage was insignificant,- the! firemen : having speedily; extinguished the ' • ! flames. v Annoyed that he should have been . ! called away from some important busi | rtess, he remarked 'rather sharply to his I ■ [tenant:—. '_ • I "It's a pity.the whole thing didn't burn!'-'j ] "My dear sir," replied the tenant with a ' deprecating gesture of his shoulders,', "you : • can't- plame me; I didn't send in the • alarm"' - I! l'-'V. ALL FAIR IN POLITICS. i i . • -...' ' -• ■ .-:■-■:■ ."--■- © ! S-" ENERAL"ROCKWOOb HOAR relate*], I amusing instance of HOAR'relates] an amusing instance of the humors of I VJa political campaign.-It appears that]; \ ,a" year or two ago during : the caiß-J 1 'paign for : the re-election vof Governor!! 'Bates and Lieutenant Governor Cuiid' portraits of L : those candidates, as well as} 1 : ■ tlH)>se of tiia opposite party, were to be seen!' posted all through '• the ': State of Mas3a-li ' chusetts. i i probably right in keeping her Ignorant of hla profession. But we did not stop to think of this at the time, or realize the kind of trap we were running her into, poor young thing! "So without thought in the matter, as soon as we reached the little platform upon which the cave opened we drew our guns and called to the man to come out Instead of obeying, he opened fire on us. The first shot_ was followed by a scream and the falling of a heavy body over the precipice. Then the man himself rushed out, dashing us aside a.s we attempted to | catch him, and leaped off the platform into I the darkness below. It was all the work ( iof an instant, as most of thene wild en- I counters in the mountains are, and we hardly realized what had taken place. i "The next morning the moonshiner arid , his wife, whom he had shot by mistake, : were both found dead at the bbttom of the I precipice.". This was a rare' instance fn the anna.M ofi mauntyinitT mooushinir.g, where the wives of ti>e moooshiners usually take a( mqst active part in their husbands' busi ness, effectually checking the officers, oftentimes, by their cunning and in many j ways averting the clangers of detection and I capture. But in this contest between the officers and whole communities of moon shiners to save many millions of revenue i;;e government It Js the rare and the unusual that happens. FREAKS OF EMORY. CURIOUS cases of entire lapse of mem. ory are not by any means as rate as Li generally supposed, and there are many authentic incidents. About thir ty years ago a young man called at thd police barracks in Melbourne and asked to be informed of his identity. The first idea was that the man was a lunatic, but it soon became evident that the statement of his lofs of memory was genuine. lie was kept in the jail and was the object of much interest, not only to the wardens, but to the physicians as well. One morning he [was observed listening intently to the sins jing. When questioned about it he said (that he had heard it somewhere before, and asked what it was. Being told it wa3 music he showed no intelligence, but at the close of the service he was taken close to the organ and shown that the sounds Wf heard came from the instrument. The man struck a few notes unintelli gibly and then a chord or two In harmony, then in an instant, with a look of pleas ure. he. commenced a selection from the I "Creation," which he played correctly and well.* Dr. Usher cites some instances of alco i holic trance, involving loss of memory, which are almost past belief, lie tells of a man, a temperate drinker, who to drive away a fit of the "blues" one day drank some champagne and felt much better. From, this moment his memory became confused, and when a couple of weeks later he recovered he found that he had mar ried a French lady and was on his wed ding trip. Except that during the whole time he drank steadily of champagne and showed a tendency to fall asleep when ever his surroundings became dull, noth ing unusual was noticed in his behavior. And yet of the marriage itself or the events connected with it he professed to have no memory whatever, an assertion which was confirmed by subsequent occurrences. In a Roman Catholic town in Germany a young woman was seized with a fever and was declared by the priests to be possessed by a devil because, though she could neither read nor write, she w:is heard speaking Latin, Hebrew and Greele Whole sheets of her ravings were written down, and were found to consist of sen tences intelligible in themselves, but liav- ing ro connection with one another. (>t her Hebrew sayings only orio or two could be traced to the Bible, ami most seemed to be in the Rabbinical dialect. AnytVrtrfg like a trick was out of the question.-tor the woman was a simple minded creatuie and there was no doubt about the fever. It was long before the explanation Was reached. *x,'' It occurred to the physician to trace the girl's history, and after much trouble he discovered that at the age of nine she had been charitably adopted by an old Protes tant pastor, a great Hebrew '.scholar, In whose house she lived till hi* death. It appeared that it had been .the old man's custom for years to walk up and down the passage In his ■ house, into which the kitchen opened, and to read to himself in a loud voice from a book. The volumes were ransacked and among them were found several of the Greek and Latin fathers, and a collection of Rabbinical writings.. In these books many of the passages taken down at the young woman's bedside were traced to their source. "The Bride of Lammermoor" was written by Sir Walter Scott during an Illness, and it was afterward found that he had for gotten entirely what he had created. The book was written and published before its author was out of bed. and when first put into his hands he assured his friends that he did not recollect a single incident, ehar acteft or conversation it contained. The original incidents he had been familiar with since his boyhood he still remem bered, but he knew no more of the story than he did before he began to write or even think about writing it. The rival bill posters must have been in great haste each to outdo the other, for it would seem that they were not always careful where they put their pic tures. While passing through Haverhill 1 one day the candidates wore greatly discon certed to observe their portraits pasted on one billboard over a lithograph announcing a theatrical attraction. Under the counter feit presentments of the candidates were the words:—"Vote for Bales and Guild." The portion of the theatrical lithograph not covered by the political portraits bore the legend:—"The Greatest Vaudeville Team on Earth." VERDI AND. THE EDITOR. VERDI achieved his first musical suc cess with "Xubueodonosor," and af ter its performance in the theatre at Milan he went home to the poorly fur nished room In which his young wife had died mo months previously from sheer lack of the necessaries of life. Throwing himself Gn".the bed he slept until five o'clock in the morning, when he was aroused by some one knocking at the door. "Come in," he said, and Merelil, the fa mous* Milanese, editor, entered. He felt confident that ."Xabucodonosor" would be an : enduring success and he thought that ho could purchase -it from the com poser at a low figure.; "Her* much do you want for the opera?" he asked. "Thirty thousand franca," replied Verdi. Merelli was duntfounded, for he had sup posed that tiio composer would have been quite" willing to sell the work for four or five thousand francs.. ; "What is that you said?", he asked.'.^g^t "I have , said," replied Verdi coldly, "that I will sell you the opera for thirty thousand francs because you have :taken the trouble to cail on me before five o'clock in the,morning.- The: price this evening will be fifty thousand francs.",;::;-1 •"-"- " * The .editor paid the sum required, but was so - much chagrined at not -getting:, a bargain ■ that he took to his bed. and re mained there two months." 1 - " The House of Comatsns Is Josiug its dig r.lty.;: Black and White hearsr that mem-, bers have been seen around the premises in "shirt sleeves ;in warm weather. It ex pect? to find a member with musical taste* entertaining* friends at tea on the-.terrace, by-playing; "Good by, Dolly Gray." on a mouth 'orffan.'; The Londoners ■ have just Hear A of.!' Dolly. Gray," and H '•> i«';>»iar.