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UiBBBBBlMBBBBMlBW'iiMT MiT—^M^^ra B ';/■ ?VV NLLL/LK. yy\ ■■■ ■i an. 8 rvol^^^pfwith^ttKcLfflNSEM HELEN KELLER, the wonderful deaf and blind girl, has become one of the principal characters In a strange three-cornered ro mance. Miss Keller has no notion of marrying herself, but her fathful teach er. Miss Annie Sullivan, has. And It was necessary, before Miss Sullivan's lover could obtain her consent to the marriage, for him t o lay the case before Miss Kel ler and ask her if her teacher might be come his bride. The consent of Miss Keller was easily obtained, after John Albert Macey had promised that she might go to their home and live with them and retain the same relations she had with Miss Sul livan for the past sixteen years. If Miss Keller had refused her consent to the wedding there would have been none. When Mr. Macey proposed marriage to the instructor of the world's moet won derful blind girl she was amazed, and answered that she could never marry. But, like most lovers, he would not ac cept "no" for an answer and pressed his suit. "I cannot marry anyone," she said over and over aeain. "Why not," asked the persistent wooer. "Because—Helen." "But you need not be separated from Helen. Our home will be hers. You may go on teaching her all your life." There followed some personal argu ments of the sort that all those who have been engaged will remember are most powerful. At their conclusion Helen Keller's teacher said hesitatingly: "If you will ask Helen, and if she Is willing, I will think about It." The lover sought Miss Keller in. her etudy at their home in Wrentham and made a second proposal of marriage, this time to a gentle arbitrator. Miss Keller put forth her hands and touched those of her caller, as she always does •when she is Interested. "What did Miss Sullivan say?" she asked with the swift hand pressure that stand to her for speech. "She said—she spoke of you," was the answer of quick fingers. "Dear Miss Sullivan. Do you love her?" One hard hand clasp told the story. "Does she love you?" Another unmistakable hand clasp. ''Then marry, of course, and I hope you will be very, very happy." "We want you to be with us always. You will be as dear and as necessary to Miss Sullivan as you have always been. We would not marry unless your life and hers were to go on just as before." A grateful mist covered the blind girl's TVYHN'S OLDEST HKNDWRITING. THE great Museum of Man at Har vard University, which Includes the Agassiz, University, Peabody, Germanic, Semitic and Fogg Art Museum, the Library and the Architec tural Building, has more than a scientific Bide. To the student it affords almost unequaled opportunities for research work., but to the average visitor who passes through the innumerable corridors It brings recognition of the truth of the old adage that "there is nothing new un der Ihe sun." The yokes with which "them steers" tBBl Ml t * ** J I,, Igi i^- IN THE EARLIEST DATS Assyrian Ciay Tablet, 4000 Years Old, showing Vertical Letters in their Ru dimentary Form. drew Solon Chase over the hills of Maine, the "ox harness" still employed in the tar heel region of North Carolina, or the Red River of the North, in Minnesota and Winnipeg, are little different from those pictured on Assyrian pottery and Egyptian stone. The plow the Tagalog use 3 today in the distant Philippines can hardly be distinguished from that with which Jewish slaves of the pre-Mosaic period cultivated the alluvial fields of the Nile. But most extraordinary of all is the kinship of the present with the ancient past in the preservation of lan guage by means of written symbol* The ' little lot who, with dots and straight lines, draws a picture story on a slate uses the same method that Aztec and Hittite alike employed. The most modern face of type is merely a revival, or rather a survival, of the handwriting «f medieval days, as may be seen by an eyes. The pulse In her white throat throbbed with emotion. "Thank you, my dear friends. Now please go to Miss Sullivan and tell her that what you have told me has made BM very happy and that I will be very unhappy unless she marries you." From that moment a new interest had come into the girl's life. The rosy wing of romance had grazed her very cheek. There was a new, beautiful mysterious element. in life, of which she had read, but which had seemed until now very far away and mythical. She talked of the brldeeroom. "He is a good, great-hearted man, I know it by the touch of his hands. They are hearty, generous, gentle hands, like examination of the ancient manuscripts In the Library- And this handwriting In turn can be traced back, century by century, to the hieroglyphics of the earl iest times. Fads In writing may come and go, but its essentials do not change. In the Art Museum and the Library one may see the influence of the Renaissance on even such a homely matter as this. "The fine Italian hand" of metaphor had a very real foundation in fact; it was the art and social leaders from the South of Europe who produced what might be called euphemism In handwriting as well as In speech. While the quirks, and qulrls, and graces have dropped from everyday conversation, they have sur vived more or less In chirography. A study of the old manuscripts in the Library shows this plainly. Handwrit ing seems to have been copied from one person to another, and since the days when the nobility and the elite wrote with an exaggerated slant, this style of forming letters has lingered among pen men, except when they were under stress either of time or volume of work. Then the tendency is to revert to the primary or more natural condition of straight up-and-down and straight back and-forward strokes. As one studies ancient fragments and quaint parch ments it comes as a surprise that the so called vertical handwriting now so gen erally taught In American schools, it- Belf merely a revival of the popular and familiar round hand "of our Immediate ancestors, is not something new, but something very old. While experts on the whole favor the natural hand, as vertical writing should be called, and while it is coming into more common use every day, one meets strange cases of misunderstanding re garding it It has been suggested that it promotes deception and protects the forger, yet expert studens of manu scripts will tell you that the simpler and plainer chlrography is the more difficult it is to imitate exactly. On this point Dr. Persifor Fraxer of the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, who Is the author of "Bibliotics or the Study of Documents. Determination of the Indi vidual Character of Handwriting and Detection of Fraud and Forgery," says: "The relation of any system of writing to the prevalence of forgery is, in my opinion,' to be represented by zero. Even typewriting, which seems to offer the forger the greatest opportunities, is likely to prove to him a snare. Systems of penmanship can have no effect on forgery through-facilitating or rendering more difficult the imitation of another's hand. There are so many characteris tics; »i every handwriting, unknown and Invisible to the possessor, that the shape or appearance of the writing is of the least importance in setklnj the author." Joseph Jefferson's hands, that you can c\ng' to all your life. 4ear Miss Sullivan —hands that will never wander, that will never for a moment fall you. They are dear hands, honest hands. Oh, Miss Sul livan, it is almost us wonderful as though I were going to be a bride myself. I would have been miserable if you had not accepted him. Is there a name for the third in the marriage. Miss Sullivan?" "She—she may be bridesmaid." "And after that?" "Then she may be the companion, the very dear friend, the housemate." "And after that, dear Miss Sullivan, the friend and teacher and godmother of the children?" "Perhapß we ought not to talk about THE "FINE ITALIAN HAND." Autograph letter by William IV.. who persisted In the Ornate Slant Writing. Curiously enough opposition to advance in educational matters comes, as a rule, not from educators but from the laymen who, under our American system of man agement, have ultimate controL It Is safe to say that most of the opposition in such matters as that of vertical writ- Ing comes from these outsiders. They suppose It to be an unjustifiable innova tion and most of them would be might ily surprised to find that in the hand writing of all times and by all people the vertical has prevailed. From th* THE ST. PAUL GLOBE, APRIL 23. 1903. that now," came flutterlngly from Miss Sullivan's nervous hand. Helen Keller talked a great deal in dumb fashion about trousseaus and made Miss Sullivan take her to the shops so that she might handle the soft stuffs of which bridal gowns are made. She in sisted that she would, in good time, buy the bridal gown herself, and present it to the bride. After awhile she had an inspiration. With rare Intuition in one who knows by instinct only the strange ways of lovers, she said one evening without the lightest touch of guile in her innocent hand: "Dear Miss Sullivan. I have been a lit tle homesick .of late for the touch of time when writing was executed with chisel and mallet, the characters have been straight up anfl down. When a great Assyrian King of 2000 B. C. wished to preserve to posterity the record of hla achievements In peace or war, they were cut Into stone, which endures to this day, in a strictly vertical hand. It is quite plain that If vertical writing was a fad 4,000 years ago, it is too old to be one now; the slant hand is the fad, rather, for It can trace its ancestry back only about three centuries. home hands. I would like to go to Flor ence, Ala., to visit my family." The day after she started to the South ern town. Arrived there, she wrote gay ly: "My family are so proud of me be cause I can dance and keep time rhythm ically without hearing the music. That and everything else I owe to you. I say | to them, as I have so many times said. "My teacher is so near to me that I can scarcely think of myself apart from her. How much of my delight in all beautiful things is innate and how much due to her influence I can never tell. All the best of me belongs to her, there Is not & talent, or an aspiration, or a Joy In me that has not been awakened by her lov ing touch.' Think of my happiness! I am to have two teachers Instead of one." Miss Keller will soon return to the home at Wrentham. which she shares with Miss Sullivan, and will be as much | absorbed in the wedding preparations aa the bride herself. It has been arranged that she shall help to select the trousseau. She will be the bridesmaid. She will sign the wed ding certificate *as a witness. She will ! help receive the guests after the wedding, ' and she has chosen an old slipper of her The evolution of the American school boy's vertical writing is interesting. It was not until the early days of the Christian era that writings with the reed pen and stilus became at all common, and then the languages chiefly employ ing it were Greek and Latin. Manu scripts preserved from that time record the birth of the natural hand. The "Co dex Alexandrinus" of the fifth century is an example of strictly vertical lettering, and, indeed, verticallty prevailed until the end of the Beventh century, when a decay" set in. The round, broad letters then began to give way to narrow and oval ones, and in the eighth century a distinct slant to the right appeared. Following the laws of evolution, which seem to show that it takes a handwriting about 500 years to develop, flourish and decay, chlrography became more and more illegible during the ninth century; but in the tenth the monasteries, which were the seats of learning, came to the rescue. There was an immediate resumption of the form er round, vertical script and so complete was the restoration that the missals of that time, Judged by their lettering, are scarcely distinguishable from those ot three centuries before. Writing as an art continued thus until the renaissance; then the fantastic Ital ian school brought "italics" into exist ence. This peculiar slant writing, which still is seen now and then in type, was the forerunner of the socalled ornamental writing systems so popular a few years but now disappearing again before the faster and more legible modern vertical. How the slant hand spread from the place of its origin appears in a document of the latter half of the 16th century to Vhlch are attached the signatures of eighteen of the clergy of France, all slant ed and all practically illegible. In the reign of Elizabeth the new chirography reached England in state documents, and the Queen, greatly fancy ing the queer characters, made it the fashion at court. Bo historically speaking, slant writing is only a fad which wu be queathed to English speaking people by the whim of a woman; whereas, the ver tical is as old as civilization and will last as long as culture and learning. Indeed, the persistence of the natural hand ap plies even to the type in which these words are set, for modern type is merely a modification of the pen lettering of th« days, when type was first used in the oc cidental world. BARBER SHOP AND RULES. It was at a barber shop yesterday after noon, on First avenue, that It happened. "Next!" shouted the barber, who bad just dealt with a customer. Two persons at once sprang from the chairs where they had been waiting patiently and ap proached the knight of the razor, each own to throw after the departing car riage. She will welcome them on their return from the bridal tour. She will herself arrange the first dinner to be given for them. Afterward she will be come a third, and In many senses, the first, in their household. Miss Keller's teacher and friend of eigh teen years is Miss Annie Mansfield Sulli van. Her betrothed is John Albert Macy, one of the honor men in his class of 1839 at Harvard. In English and philosophy he won distinction. He was the regular editor of the Advocate, ai:<l its last editor in-chief. He was also editor of the Lam poon. He displayed talent as an amateur actor at college, and he was a popular fraternity man. In 1900 he received the degree of M. A., and the same year he was made instructor in English at Har vard, a position he still holds. He Is also miscellany editor of the Youth's Com panion. He is 28 years old. Miss Sulli van is ten years older. She was born in Springfield, of humble parents. It was thought that the child was blind, and a priest secured entrance for her into the PerkinsMnstitute for the Blind. An operation saved her from total loss of sight, although she 'cannot see . QUEEN ELIZABETH'S FINE PENMANSHIP. This Js the nearly perfect Vertical style in place of which the Queen tried ta Introduce the Slant Fad. ARE WOMEN BUSINESS FAILURES? The economic causes usually assigned for the low wages of the woman worker are the oversupply due to the fact that so few occupations are open to her. the lack of organization among women wage- UllMll, the fact that women are seldom "brought up to a trade," and, conse quently, are less highly skilled than men, the Influence of custom and public opin ion, and the politicar disabilities of wom en. During the recent stock yards strike, the president of the Woman's Union told the women strikers at a meeting I at tended the first week of the strike, not to forget that their own wages were in volved, for the wage-scale for which they were all striking fixed the same minimum wage for the unskilled woman as for the unskilled man—a significant fact that shows the effect of organization alone on the wages of women. The most recent and authoritative statement on the subject by an econo mist of note is to be found In Prof. looking ferociously and Inquiringly at the other. One of them was an elderly personage, evidently from the country, the other a young sprig of city breed, whose down had Just begun to indicate the slow and uncertain approach of beard. "Which of you Is next?" asked the barber. "I am," said the young man. "No, you are not," protested the other, "and. as I am the oldest, I claim first chance. Besides, I am in a great hurry." "Ah! I see you are from the country and, of course, do not understand the rules of society governing such cases as this," said the youth. "What la the rule?" "Simply this. • Beauty goes before age. So I will take the chair. See?" • "Oh, well; that's right. Mr. Barber shave him first. He has got the best of me by that rule of his. and. come to think of it, he's right, according to the rule where I come from." "Indeed? What Is the rule where you come from, old chap?" asked the young fellow, as he fixed himself comfortably In the barber's chair. "Well, young man, the rule down my way Is that we always keep the pigs ahead of Seattle Post Intelligencer. ti;,-; V ■ • « CAPT. SKINNER'S GOOSE. Captain Skinner was in Easton the lat ter part of last week and related a re- clearly today. In 1887 sho was graduated from the Perkins Institute, and sent to Alabama to teach Helen Keller. Since that time they have been Inseparable companions, and their friendship has transcended that of the Scriptural David and Jonathan, of the legendary Damon and Pythias. Mr. Macy met the girl while he was & senior at Harvard. Shortly he found the teacher even more interesting than her wonderful pupil. Often he was seen bl-» cycling with them on the smooth roads about Cambridge while Miss Keller was a student at Radcliffe. He went to St. Louis with them last summer and assisted at the demonstrations Miss Keller publicly made of her genius "of touch and the won* derful receptivity of her mind. He wrote the introduction of her book, "The Story of My Life." Persons who saw his indefatigable at tention to the twain believed that they saw the budding of a romance for the blind girl. And it is her romance, a hap pier romance than that of Nydla, the blind girl in "The Last Days of Pompeii." It is not given to any one else to be so important a third, to be as nearly en-* gaged and married as is Helen Keller. Nicholson's now Elements of Political Economy. He says: "When large num bers of women were employed In the same industries as men, the tendency was fur the men to* gain the advantage Jn industrial competition; they were sti* perior in physical strength and still mora so in moral coercion. Thus women were gradually excluded from the more gainful occupations, and b"y force of habit they came to be considered unwomanly. Until recently, though half the people in lha world af 1 females, there was still a preju dice against lady doctors; and though women are often litigants, they are rare ly lawyers, even if the law permits. Th« exclusion of women from certain occupa tions Increased the supply and thus low« ered the wages in employments to which they were admitted. In recent years, however, the great natural economio forces have been working in favor of women." — Edith Abbott, in Harper's Weekly. markable story concerning a goose on his farm. He states that he Is in the habit of counting his geese and putting them in the stable every night, but on the night of the great blizzard one goose was missing and could not be accounted for until a few days ago, when he waa ■ shoveling a pile of snow out of the sta ble yard at the Fear of the barn. As he reached the bottom of the drift his shovel struck against something soft. Upon in vestigation he located his missing goose, which had been covered up in the snoW for more than six weeks without any* thing to eai. or drink. He states that the goose was still alive, but very gaunt and weak from the exposure and abstinence from food. He took the goose to the house and cared for It a day or so, feed ing judiciously. It thrived and became very hearty, and was able to join the balance of the flock, from which It had been separated for nearly two months.—* Easton (Md.) Ledger. » ♦ « NO USE FOR -MASHERS." A Portland "masher" insulted a younj woman and was arrested. He gained his liberty somehow and he Insulted her again. A bystander licked him soundly and the police judge commended the by stander's excellent work and Intimated :hat he could have an ii^dulgent hearing in that court whenever he saw fit to take the law in his own hands.—Portland Ore go ni^n.