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The Represent a tive - , "SPEAK TO THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL THAT THEY GO FORWARD.” —jC. /W>o )ye a ar( in ADVANCE. ST. PAUL, MINN., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1893. ' VOL. 1. NO. 16. THE MESSAGE. It Breaks down the Price of Wheat and Stock. President Cleveland called Con gress together and wrote a message, in which he advised them how to get the American people out of the depths of wretchedness in which they are now wallowing. The bank ers of course, were unanimous in its praise: “grand—wise—splendid!” The rats thought it was the best thing for the granary; and the farm er Wept. But the associate press money market report, of the same day, says: The president’s message was given a distinctly unfavorable construc tion on the speculative exchanges, the theory being that it was vague in expression and had in it no sug gestion of comfort. On the Board of Trade operators made the mess age an- excuse for an attack on every thing traded in. A general decline in securities, grain and produce fol lowed. Of; 'f And the same report says: Chicago, Aug. B.— [Special.] Wheat has ruled extremly slow and narrow and prices have been very weak, September having sold off fully 2c from yesterday’s close. The continued uncertainties in the fi nancial situation and money string ency which is being increased by the steady absorption by the banks, the possible delay of congress in dealing with the question, and the break in stocks in Wall street, were weak factors from the start. There were some ugly rumors put afloat by the wreckers which may have had some influence in causing the early weak ness, but they were soon discredited. The weakness of the last hour was attributed to the break in stocks, said to be due to the fact that the president did not recommend the sale of bonds to maintain the stock of gold. It is said that the banks here to-day refused to buy Eastern exchange, but will take it for collec tion and charge the cost, which they say will be about 3 per cent. What is the president’s message? Simply a postponement of the tarßP question and a declaration that/fnl our financial troubles were dde to the Sherman act, of 1890, aifd that congress must unconditionally and at once repeal it. Now Mr. Cleve land knows as well as any one that the present financial collapse ex tends over the whole world; and is just as bad in countries where there is no Sherman act; where silver is demonetized and where they have the single gold standard as it is in these United States. What does he mean? He is either incompetent to grasp the situation in his pudgy brain; or he is dishonest, and is act ing as the agent of Wall street to ruin the American people. How— in the name of God!—will putting the American people on a gold basis give us prosperity, when it has al ready wrecked Australia and India; and is honey-combing every nation ia Europe with anarchism? And what does the President suggest as to the future of silver or the supply of cur rency to the people? Not a syllable. What does he mean? He says— “there is a prejudice against the Sherman law of 1890;—it may not be to blame;—it may not be the cause of the trouble;—but we must yield to the howls of the money power and repeal it.” “And what then, Mr. President?” “I don't know!" Suppose the populists were to say: “There is a great prejudice against Grover Cleveland. Thousands be lieve that his making war on the McKinley bill, in the last campaign, excited distrust, smashed manufac tures and produced this panic. This may be true or it may not be. But the belief exists; and every “howl” should be respected. Therefore, to restore confidence, impeach Cleve land and drive him out of the white housed’ What would sensible people say? That the, men who used such an argument were asses. A country has to be governed by intelligent reasons. Yielding to a concocted, purchased howl is not governing. It is suicide. The people asked for bread and Grover has given them a brick-bat. They begged for relief, he answered: — l “ Single g&d-standard.” The debt ors cried hut “We are perishing!” Grover replied:—Make money scarc er!” In the meantime ominous sounds are heard that prefigure doom. Bead: Chicago, Aug. B.—A remarkable declaration was made by Mayor Car ter Harrison. In an address of wel come to. the annual convention of the military Surgeons of the national guard of tfie'UrHted .States , he said:. “There are 200,000 people IbXJfitpagtv to-day unemployed and almost titute for money. If congress does not give us money we will have riots that will shake the country.” Read again: Duluth, Minn., Aug. 8. —At a meeting held in Virginia, presided over by a member of the village council, an address to the people of St. Louis county was adopted. The address sets forth the fact that there are in the village of Virginia 200 families averaging five to a fam ily and nearly 1,000 single men who have neither money nor food and who are entirely unable to get mon ey due them for work done during the past three months. Unless they are given aid there must be great suffering and the consequences can not but be serious. They ask that soup houses be established, either at Virginia or Duluth, in case free fare can be obtained to this city and that some organized charitable work be undertaken in their behalf. At the other range towns the situation is practically unchanged. At Ely and Tower the people have still some money and a pinch will not come until after the 15th when the pay roll, which averages about $60,000 per month, will be seriously missed. Read again: Detroit, Aug. s.—Michigan Stove company has closed its shops and about 1,100 men are thrown out of employment. The utter impossibil ity of securing currency to pay the men was the cause. The “utter impossibility of obtain ing currency” throws 1100 men out of work and into starvation, in one shop! Great God! And Cleveland says:—“Wipe out sil ver.” England demands it. The Rothschilds insist upon it. What is the country? Nothing. What is the money-power? Everything. Drive Christ out of the temple and instal the money-changers! Down with the human race! Up with plutoc racy! And this is democratic statesman ship! And republican statesman ship says,—“let us hold up Grover’s hands. Party lines have disap peared.” And the abject wretches live in America and obey Europe. I. D. Interesting Facts. That very able lady, Miss C. H. Spence of Australia, an earnest Ba conian, has sent me a copy of the South Australian Register, pub lished at Adelaide, July 5, and con taining one of her letters from San Francisco. It contains a number of striking facts; some of which may be interesting to our readers. She gives a comparison of the cost of railway travel in Australia, where the government owns the roads and America where they do not. She shows that it costs her sl9 to travel 1208 miles in Australia while 609 miles in San Francisco cost her $20.87; although there was not one fourth part the intermediate traffic in Australia that there was in Cali fornia. She says: “There are many unemployed in this city, and a great deal of poverty side by side with a great deal of wealth. There have been more sui cides on account of hopeless destitu tion, within the last year, than were ever known here before” “From all sides, from members of all parties, comes the same com plaint, that the railroads and the trusts and the protected industries run the people’s legislature and the city government.” It will be seen that the disease which effects Minnesota is common to the whole country. Miss Spence argues that populists, prohibitionists, single-taxers and all should first unite and get possession of the power of the state and nation; then go together as far as they can and divide when they must. They are all opposed to the old parties; but by their divisions they help to keep them in power. She observes of the people: “There is every sort of European on the streets, besides the native born Californian, and the Americans who come from the east at an earlier or later date. As a whole these have a fresher and more English look than they have in the eastern states. The women have more bloom and the men more flesh.” Her picture of the condition of the agricultural and laboring population of California is discouraging. I. D. The Misery Of it. Over three thousand men have been laid off in the iron mines of Michigan.—Exchange. It is the same story everywhere. Read this: Duluth, Minn., Aug. 4.—To-day the following telegram was received by President Greatsinger, of the Iron Range road: “W. B. Cameron, mayor Biwabik, asks if you can give transportation to 200 men to Duluth to-day. They have been working in the mines here, and have not been at work for two months, and have had nothing to eat to-day, and it is about to turn out seriously if they are not sent out oftoWn.v Please answer At once.” teplyy.ti&sptred TVAu tremont was immediate returned*. stating that Duluth was already overflowing with idle men for whom there was no work. Something over 2,000 men have been employed by the Misabe & Northern road on the building of its oar dock and exten sion from Stonybrook to Duluth. This work is now practically com pleted, add the greater part of the men, in addition to many more who have been employed on other con tracts, will be idle. Many working men are coming here from other parts of the country, many of them having cards from fraudulent employ ment agencies or firms that have no existence. Thousands have also been dis charged from the Gogebic and Mar quette ranges. Poor men! They have committed no crime and yet they starve. They are ready to work and scoundrels declare they shall not. Their oppressors propose to distil their suffering and their lives into money. Is it not horrible? I. D Silver at a Premium. In the midst of all this concerted howl against silver, read the follow ing from the editorial columns of the Minneapolis Tribune (republican). It shows that silver dollars are at a pre mium over gold: “The demand for small currency tc* move the crops was never so distress ing as at 'present. As Bradstreet’s remarks, currency at the present crop-moving juncture has become ‘an article of merchandise, brokers paying a premium for it, and resell it to the concerns which require it.’ Importers during the past ten days have actually been compelled to pay duties in gold. The silver dollars in the government treasury have been drawn out to the full amount of the outstanding silver certificates and the government is actually refusing to issue silver dollars to applicants in exchange for gold. A New York dispatch states: ‘One firm had an ad vertisement in the newspapers offering $7.50 per thousand for silver dollars. Brokers charged from 1£ to 2J per cent for bills and silver dollars. The: subtreasury was busy all morning i paying-out small bills.’” And yet Cleveland has not one word to say in his message about the* necessity for more money. He would like to reduce the scant supply we have. I. D. To You, Sir. You are a populist. You believe in populist principles. You want them to win. But you think you can do nothing. Let us see. You are one of our subscribers. Suppose each one got us five new sub scribers, with the “Golden Bottle” thrown in free to each; that would be, we think, the largest bona fide weekly circulation in the state. But you are perhaps a modest man; would feel delicate about the matter; don’t like to bore your neighbors for money—they may be hard up. Then help the cause if you cant help the paper. Lend your copy of the paper from neighbor to neighbor until all around you have read it—then mail it to some friend elsewhere. In this way you will open a great many minds; in this way we will have 30,000 readers. Some of them may subscribe—but if they don’t we want to see the truth triumph, anyhow. What say you? I. D. Taking Comfort. It does not take much to make some men happy. There is a chap in Duluth who has the spirit of Dio genes, who, in his tub, told Alexan der the Great that all he wanted wa? for him to stand out of his sunlight. He says: “We could live on parched wheat if we had to, and wheat is but 50c a bushel. We guess nobody will starve.”—Duluth Commonwealth. Cheerful spirit! Yes; and we can parch the wheat with burned hay or straw. And all civilized man is en titled to is “ parched wheat ” in this 19th century, the climax of the world’s culture and civilization ! But why should we be content with parched wheat? In order that some body slse may be a millionaire—with our money! Parched wheat and wooden shoes! Splendid prospect! Thank you, democracy. Thank you, republicanism. Thank you Mr. Rothschild. v /But will the people stand it? Of course. We own the daily press. I. D. i. That marvel of energy and shrewd ness, Henry Vincent, has sundered his connection with the “Noncon formist” of Indianapolis, (an excel lent paper by the way) and takes? charge of the “Express,” a weekly, populist paper of Chicago (box 369), 50 cts. a year. When Henry gets fairly at work, like an elephant pushing a go-cart, he will make the old “Express” quiver in every fibre, and rush ahead as if solar attraction had got hold of its coat-collar. Try : f* BATTLE CONTINUES. Another Attack on the State Ele vator. The Ring Determined to Keep up the Plunder. The State Elevator is not yet out of the woods. First came the fight in the Legislature, when nothing but good management on the part of the friends of the bill saved it. Next came the adverse decision of the Attorney General, that we could not collect fees on any grain except that which went into the State elevator; and that we could not build the ele vator except with the fees on the grain which went into it. de cision was on the principle of the old ryme: “Mother, may I go in to swim?” “Oh yes, my darling- daug-hter; Hang your clothes on a hickory limb, But don’t go near the water.” The State Administration found it necessary to ignore this decision:— the site was bought; the plans drawn and the contract given out. And now comes a grain-dealer of Fair mont, in Martin county and applies to the District Court of Ramsey county for an injunction to stop the building of the elevator. The at torneys in the case are from Minne apolis; the Minneapolis wheat-ring are the real parties to the action; the case is before Judge Willis of St. Paul, in whom we have consid erable confidence; but it will go to the Supreme Court of the state and when it does we can say,—“Good bye, State Elevator!” For the Court simply desires to know that the peo ple, through their legislature, ex pressed a demand for such a mea sure, to sit down upon it with fifty ton-weight—that is ten tons apiece. When a legislative act comes before that court each member sticks his | nose in the air, and says to himself: —“Does the purpose of this act meet )• Aria the unqualified approval of my H sovereign judgement?—No:—then away with it.!” The whole ma chinery of so called free, popular government simply builds up a cli max for them to knock galley-west. Then veto is the final arbitrament in this republic called Minnesota. The way they will tear the bowels out of that State Elevator law would amuse a hungry tiger. And the name of the plaintiff is Bipp! A very appropriate name. He is to be the Jack the Ripp-er of this business. And what are the grounds of this action. The St. Paul Globe says: “Few things in the annals of the state of Minnesota have provoked more caustic comment and more ex citing controversy than the public elevator project, one of the most bitterly fought measures that was passed by the last legislature. It was one of the declared principles of the peoples party to build a public elevator at Duluth and to run it under state control and at the ex pense of the state—and upon this issue that party went before the peo ple for a popular endorsement at the polls at the last election. After an almost interminable struggle, and a tenacious and sagacious fight led by the redoubtable Sage of Nininger, the measure took form in the sen ate, and it finally became a law. The act received the signature of the republican governor, and it then became a law and operative, so far as things superficial go.” And Ripp says the State Elevator cannot be built because the consti tution says no work of internal im provement can be constructed with out a precedent law grant. Why, the State elevator is not a work of internal improvement any more than a Normal School, and Insane Asylum, a Reform School or a State prison. If Ripp’s argument is cor rect the state cannot construct a water-closet in the State capitol without a grant of land from con gress. Bosh! Supreme and inex pressible bosh, which no one but a a judge of the Supreme Court could swallow. Secondly Ripp says, that the con struction of the State elevator will create a public debt of more than $150,000, contrary to the provisions of the constitution. It will do noth ing of the kind. A fee has been charged for the weighing and in spection of grain; that fee has cre ated a fund; the state held it in i trust; it did not arise from taxation; it was specific in its origin; the leg islature set it aside to build a State elevator; and the elevator is to be built from this fund alone. It does not represent a debt; no debt is cre ated; not a dollar is taken out of the pockets of the people, through tax ation. It is like the fund raised by liquor licenses. Suppose the state decided to use these funds to build an inebriate asylum; and suppose the saloon-interest fought the act on the ground that such an asylum would be “a work of internal im- —-. provement,”—(and in some sense that would be so!) —and we will have a precisely similar case to that un der consideration. But all this amounts to nothing: —it is simply common sense; and what has common sense to do with that sublime science they call law? About as much as the subtleties of the monks, in the middle ages, when they disputed how many devils could dance on the point of a needle, had to do with the essential Spirit of Christianity. If ever any country needed a new party, and a new set of leaders, fresh from the body of the people, it is this unfortunate, God-forsaken, court-governed, ring-speckled, cor poration-ridden, mammon-worship ping, cowardly, stupid United States. But even in these the light is dawn ing. Nearly every fellow has now got an aurora-borealis dancing and sparkling in his empty pocket or his empty stomach; and the corrusca ting lances of original thought are piercing the dark domains of what they call their intellects. The liber ties of the nation may yet be saved through the bankrupcy of the fools. I. D. * Wanted:—A Billy Goat. The other night a billygoat walked into the town hall at Beatrice, Neb., and ate all the city records. The Beatrice authorities arc now puzzled to know how to get at all the inside facts in the case.—Chicago Dis patch. We are going to send to Beatrice and buy that billygoat, and set him to work eating up the farm-mort gages of Minnesota! Lord! What a demand there would be for that billy-goat. How the farmers who voted for Harrison and Cleveland last fall would roll’and tumble in the mud to get hold of Billy! The troops from one county would give battle tq, the troops from another county—all about Billy! And the rewards! Five thousand dollard for the billy-goat for twenty-four hours!! Bring on your Billy! Bring on your Billy! I. D. The Tariff. Mr. Cleveland says that Congress will not touch the tariff question un til the country becomes prosperous. Last fall the democrats told us that the country never would be prosperous until they revised the tariff. And if the country becomes pros perous what’s the use of revising the tariff? Why disturb what’s well enough? Really it makes one’s head swim! No revision of the tariff until the country is prosperous; no prosperity until there is tariff revision; no necessity for revision while the country is prosperous; can’t revise it when it isn’t prosperous;—no pros perity without revision; no revision without prosperity —no no—Oh Lord! Is there a tariff question any how? And what is it all aboilt? I.D. Blood Will Tell. Thomas Johnson, a brother of Col. C. W. Johnson, clerk of the United States senate, was last evening brought to the lock-up and placed behind the bars by A. W. Russell on a charge of petit larceny. He is accused of taking a carpet from a woman he was helping to move. Johnson states she would not pay him, and he concluded to pay him self. Mr. Russell recommended Johnson as honest, in consequence of which he states there was an at tempt to implicate him in the theft, wholly without cause. Russell is a police officer of the justice courts.— St. Paul Globe. This is curious. One brother hold ing the highest clerical position in the United States, and the other brother behind the bars for stealing. Col. (?) C. W. Johnson, by the way, has the most evil and repulsive countenance on the North Ameri can continent. There is a look about his swollen, hang-dog mouth and his sullen, glowering eyes that is enough to alarm any one that be holds him. He has been the dis burser of the republican “swag” for years; and what he does not know about the bottomless deeps of pol itics in Minhesota, is not worth knowing. It is to be hoped a better day is dawning when such men will be retired into congenial darkness. Par mobile fratrum. The number of alliance meetings held in the South would indicate that there is an old-fashioned re vival on there. There will be no backward step. The enthusiasm is having its effect on the United States senators. Keep the ball a rolling.—Dakota Ruralist. The same is true in Minnesota. The alliances are waking from their long sleep and soon the grand pha lanx will stand, shoulder to shoulder, ready to make a united charge on the enemies of the people. The Bohn Case. What is the use, anyhow, of a con stitution and law? We may as well turn the entire business of govern ment over to the supreme court judges of this state and be done with it*—Albert Lea Standard. Precisely. What is the use of the forms of free government when the spirit of the thing has departed. Let the people work and pay taxes and the corporations run the govern ment through the courts. That decision in the Bohn case has kicked up a great rumpus. The Lanesboro Journal say: ‘‘The decision of Judge Mitchell of the supreme court of this state in the Bohn case, is meat and drink for the lumber and other trusts. It would indicate that under the pres ent laws the people have no rights that trusts are bound to respect, or that our supreme court is the pliant tool of unjust combinations of capi tal. Which is needed, a change in the law or the impeachment of the court?” You can’t do it, my friend. We have quarantined against the evils of self government;—the legislature ‘only meets once in two years and then but for ninety days. The law making power is a disease, like the cholera, which the public must be protected against, at all hazards. The Albert Lea Standard says: It is probable that articles of im peachment will be presented in the next legislature against the judges of the supreme court of this state for their decision in the Bohn man ufacturing company case. The more it is considered the more flagrant it is seen to be. It flatly overrides the constitution and expunges the anti trust law from the statues. Lead ing newspapers throughout the United States are arraigning the judges severely, and without minc ing of words are condemning them for their extraordinary usurpation of the constitution and the law and for their seemingly willful and wick ed perversion of justice. The gist*of the decision of the su preme court is, that anything a man can do singly he can unite with others and do collectively. A man has a right to fix the price of the goods he has for sale. Ergo, ten thousand men can unite and fix the same price on all the goods they have for sale. Ergo, there can be no trust or unlawful combination. Er go, the people have found a new master, more cruel and oppressive than ever was old George!!! But —says somebody—the constitu tion and the laws proscribe trusts. Pooh! What does that amount to? Bow down to Gesler’s hat. There it is—on that bench. And what is that shadowy, long-armed thing be hind it, with glimpses of bayonets shining through it, and cloudy with cannon smoke. Down on your knees! That is the Plutocracy. I. D. Populists should carefully watch the efforts of the same old gang to keep the people fighting among themselves. Their latest scheme is a trick based upon the religious hatreds and is called the “A. P. A.” There is no occasion for religious strife at this time. The populist platform is broad and solid enough for all humanity to stand upon, re gardless of sect, creed or color.—Den ver Boad. First let us save free institutions from the most awful conspiracy ever formed against them in the annals of mankind. When we are sure we have got a country to govern, it will be time enough to quarrel about how we will administer it. First catch your rabbit before cooking it. Humanity has more to fear to-day from the little finger of plutocracy than it has from all the Popes that ever lived; and the courts and the daily press are a greater source of danger than all the saloons in the United States. Shall you be a pauper and serf or notf That’s the question! When you have settled that we will argue as to what your neighbor shall eat and drink; or what kind of heav en he shall go to, and what road he shall take to get there. I. D. A Premium Offered. For the purpose of introducing our paper into the homes of new sub scribers, we agree to give, during the next four weeks from August 16, to each subscriber who sends in one dollar, for a one years subscription, for himself or any one else; or two subscribers for six months each, a copy of Hon. Ignatius Donnelly’s last and most famous book, The Golden Bottle,” the retail price of which is 50cts. Remember the offer is only for four weeks. By subscribing as above you get the Golden Bottle for no thing. Read what is said of it in another column. Call the attention of your neighbors, who are not yet subscribers for the Representa tive, to this offer. The book is hav ing an immense sale from the At lantic to the Pacific. One Boston firm is now negotiating with the publishers for a special order of 6,000 copies, to give away, to help the cause of reform. ", y. _ \ . . ;