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The representative. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1893-1901, August 23, 1893, Image 5

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To PETITION 60NGRESS
Let the Common People Fight the Repeal of
Wall Street is Up and Doing! Let us not
The present financial disturbance
is artifical. It was precepitated up
on the country by the machinations of
Wall street bankers. It is attrib
uted by them to the operation of the
Sherman silver law, and its object
is to enforce the repeal of that mea
sure and compel the adoption of the
single gold standard. They are ac
tively at work with the most powerful
enginery to accomplish their schemes.
They have sowed the seeds of gold
monopoly everywhere. Everywhere
they have set the bankers to clamor
ing for the repeal of the Sherman
law. They are circulating petitions
and exerting their power to the ut
most. At such a time the peo
ple should not be silent. We call
To tiie Senate and House of ißepresentatiyes of the United
States
The undersigned citizens' of
the “Sherman act,” unless a bill is«first passed, byiboth houses and signed
by the President, to fully remonetize silver.
Wherever the holder of silver bullion can exchange it, at the United
States mints, for legal tender dollars, worth, by law, one hundred cents, the
amount of silver in that dollar will be worth one hundred cents; for no man
will sell it for less than he can exchange it for: and hence no man can ibuy
it for less; and the price in the United States will therefore fix the price
over the whole world. And thus, at one blow, silver and gold will be re
restored to the place they held under the national constitution for eighty
years; and until the capitalists of the old world corrupted the legislators of
the new, and brought the American people, by secret villainy, to the verge
of universal bankruptcy and ruin.
We also demand that congress shall at once establish postal savings
banks, as has been done in other countries; paying three per cent per an
num on deposits, and lending out the money so received, on good real estate
security, upon terms and conditions that will insure safety, and fair deal
ing; and at a rate not to exceed three and a half per cent per annum. Such
a measure would be a great boon to the'producing classes relieving them
from the danger of loss by failure of swindling banking corporations; while
it would afford abundant means to relieve those in debt, and now perishing
at the hands of the usurers. It would place the government beyond the
reach of the hellish influences of Wall Street, always inimical to
and human progress. A billion and a half dollars are now in the savings
banks of this country, and twice as much more are in the hands of the pro
ducing classes; and every dollar of this vast sum, three times the amount
of our national debt, would, at once, be at the command of the national
government: while the same postal machinery which now takes the money
of depositors, and issues money-orders therefor, payable at special post of
fices; could then receive the savings of the people and issue deposit certifi
cates, bearing three per cent interest, and payable at any first or second
class post office in the United States. These certificates would pass from
hand to hand, and constitute a species of currency in themselves, which
would reliever the financial stringency and redeem the nation from the
domination of the money-changers.
We, as a part of a long-suffering, much-enduring people, put up our
payer to you, our servants, for this relief; and we beg you not to listen to
the voices of the seducers who have taken possession of nearly all the
avenues of public opinion, and are driving the peaceful people of the United
States into conditions dangerous to law aud order, and the perpetuity of
our free institutions.
And we shall ever pray, etc.
RESOLUTIONS
Adopted by the Executive Com
mittees of the Peoples Party
and the State Alliance.
Following is the full text of the
resolutions adopted by the execu
tive committees of the peoples party
and the state farmers alliance at the
joint session held at St. Paul July
6th, 1893:
ENDORSING MR. DONNELLY
“Resolved, That we have entire
confidence in Hon. Ignatius Donnel
ly. We believe that he has been and
is the best friend the farmers and la-
borers have had in Minnesota, for
the last thirty years; and that dur
. ing all that time he has been the
target of plutocracy, and their hire
lings.
“FUSION.”
Resolved, That we resent the im-
putation that the peoples party of
the state of Minnesota in the last
campaign, “fused” with the demo
* cratic party, as an absolute, unjusti
fiable falsehood.
ENDORSING THE REPRESENTATIVE
“Resolved, That we desire to ex
press our cordial approval and hearty
endorsement of the new alliance pa
per, the Representative, and we
ask every friend of reform in the
state to constitute himself a commit
tee of one to work constantly to sus
tain it and increase its circulation.
It is laboring, in a moderate and
temperate spirit, to unite all ele
ments of reform, in this state, in
harmonious action; it is owned by the
local alliances; it cannot and it will not
sell us out in the aisis of a campaign;
and if it is sustained, as it should be,
it will give us the state in 1894. We
ask every local alliance and every
eioples party club and industrial
ague in the state, to go to work at
once and help build it up and make
it a great power.”
This was followed by the following,
also unanimously adopted:
“Resolved, By the peoples party
state central committee, that our
chairman Mr. T. J. Meighen, is here
by requested to solicit subscriptions
of stock to our paper, the Represen
tative, from such persons as in his
judgment might be inclined to assist
our cause.”
the Sherman Act.
be Inactive.
...., respectfully petition your honorable body, not to repeal
NAMES.
for a concerted movement, all over
the United States; and to help it
along we print below a form of pe
tition and we ask every subscriber to
set to work to get as many signa
tures to it as possible, and forward
it to some populist member or sen
ator, as soon as congress convenes
in extra session in September. We
hope other reform newspapers will
do the same thing, and thus set the
ball rolling all over the country. All
you have to do, good reader, is to cut
out the following and paste it at the
head of a sheet of paper, and append
the signatures below it. Even if
you get but two, three or half-a
dozen signatures, send it on. Every
little helps; but “the more the mer
rier.”
... county, in the state of
• •
NAMES.
THE POLITICAL OUTLOOK
Resolved, That we desire to say to
the members of the peoples party of
this state, that the prospects for the
success of the principles our party
were never so bright as they are to
day. The terrible collapse of the
business and commerce of the whole
country, and the great suffering
which is following and must follow
to the mass of the people, who labor
for a living, are opening the eyes of
the voters to the fact that the finan
cial principles of the old parties are
destructive of the country, and they
are coming over to the peoples party
by the hundreds of thousands. We
have only to stand firm by our prin
ciples to speedily achieve state and
national triumphs.
■ Resolved, That in the presidential
campaign of last year we told the
people that the great issue was the
financial one; and that the outcry of
both the old parties, about the tariff,
was simply a sham fight, agreed upon
by them, for temporary purposes, to
divert public attention from the real
questions at issue. The result has
proved the truth of our statements:
—the tariff issue is now dead and
buried; the money issue is the sole
and only one before the people to
day. We call the attention of the
voters to this to show how cunningly
they were humbugged, by the money
power, acting through the leaders of
two great agencies, the republican
and democratic parties.
THE FREE SILVER CONVENTION.
Resolved, That we urge that a full
delegation go from Minnesota to the
Chicago convention, to be held
August Ist, 1893; to protect against
the repeal of the Sherman act and to
demand the full remonetization of
silver. We believe that the said con
vention will be the most important
held in this country, in the last quar
ter of a century.
RESOLUTIONS OF CONDOLENCE.
“Resolved, That we have heard
with profound regret of the great
and irreparable loss sustained by our
friend and fellow member of this
committee, Hon. H. P. Bjorge, in the
loss of his eldest son; and we assure
him that he and his family have the
sympathy of all who know them in
their great affliction.
Resolved, That this resolution be
spread upon the minutes of the state
farmers alliance, and the secretary is
directed to forward a copy of the
same to Mr. Bjorge.
THE REPRESENTATIVE. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1893.
THE PEOPLE’S LAND.
HOW THE BIRTHRIGHT OF AMERICAN
CITIZENS HAS BEEN STOLEN.
Railroad Barons and Foreign Landlords
Have Gobbled the Lands Upon Which
Farmers’ Sons Should Be Sustaining
Themselves.
Volumes have been written upon the
Iniquity of the American land steal un
til nearly everybody has become more or
less familiar with its enormity. In 30
land grants to railroads—many of which
have been forfeited by not building the
roads and for other causes—the govern
ment gave away over 189,551,000 acres, or
enough to make homes for 4,738,000 fam
ilies. In addition to this, the records
show page after page of titles to Eu
ropean nobility, who own large tracts,
ranging from 3,000,000 acres (over eight
counties) to tracts of a few townships.
Little idea can be formed of the extent
of this evil without comparison, and then
one is lost in the computation. The rail
road grants alone show an area four
times as large as England, Ireland, Scot
land and Wales, which, added to the vast
holdings of aliens, swells the amount to
an area 11 times as large as the state of
Ohio, 13 such states as Indiana, 37 such
states as Maryland or 350 such states as
Rhode Island.
Does any one wonder why the farm
ers’ sons and daughters are driven from
their natural vocations to the already
crowded shops of the cities to look for
work, thereby cutting still lower the
wages that rightfully belong to the
skilled artisans and mechanics, who have
spent the best years of their lives in per
fecting their trades? They are human
and must live. Their birthright has
been stolen from them by legal highway
men, and they must find work or starve.
Of the few thousand acres of public
lands yet remaining not one acre in ten
will reproduce the seed sown upon it.
The old home is too small to hold the
constantly increasing brood, and even
where it has fortunately escaped the
mortgage blight it is soon left for father
and mother, while the life and energy
that should characterize American agri
culture are lost in the vortex of city tur
moil, where they are forced to compete
for bread with the poorly fed and half
clothed wage slaves of our shops and fac
tories. It is another proof that the causes
that depress one branch of industry af
fect all branches, for men driven from
their chosen trade or vocation seek a liv
ing in another, thereby bringing all to a
common level.
Of the millions of acres owned by these
railroads and other corporations not one
acre in ten has been patented, deeds
taken and recorded, the corporations
taking this method to avoid taxation,
letting the burden fall upon the poor
pioneer, who can ill afford it. Alien
ownership draws a constant rental from
this country, which must be paid in gold
and which is rapidly reducing the farm
ers of this country to a level of the
tenant farmer of Europe. The absorb
tion of land drives the poorer classes into
our larger cities, where they are treated
even worse than the serfs of Ireland.
Twenty-six years of Republican and
four years of Democratic administration
have failed to correct this grievous wrong,
while the inactivity of the present (Cleve
land) administration gives the people lit
tle ground for hope. Like the cause of
slavery in 1856 and 1860, a new party
must come up from among the people
and right this and other wrongs that dis
tress the people and reclaim that which
they have lost through the arrogance of
capital.
Without a new party the outlook is
indeed dark, and any conjecture is little
more than a prophecy. To the unthink
ing it will appear like the same old
grind, with the screw of oppression given
one more turn, but by those who have
watched the encroachments of capital
the bloody hand of Imperialism is al
ready seen at the throat of fair Liberty,
and the temple of our independence is
already being undermined for the erec
tion of a throne where Oligarchy shall
rule with all the exaction of his imperial
mandate.
The step from a “dictator” to a king
is not a great one, and the president of a
republic who refuses to call congress to
gether until he thinks the representatives
of the people are “tractable” has all the
requirements for an absolute ruler.
Place in his hands the armies and navies
of the republic, intrenched in every
fortress and dominating every harbor,
backed by the wealth of this country
and the kingdoms of Europe, who could
land millions of soldiers upon this con
tinent at a month’s notice, and we would
come to realize those prophetic words of
that noble martyr Lincoln when he said:
“As a result of the war corporations
have been enthroned, and an era of cor
ruption in high places will follow, and
the money power of the country will en
deavor to prolong its reign by working
upon the prejudices of the people until
all wealth is aggregated in a few hands
and the republic is destroyed.”
Shall we heed this prophetic warning
or go on with our “prejudices” and aid
in its fulfillment? —D. A. Reynolds’
Pamphlet.
Cleveland and Carlisle Statesmanship.
If a farmer having specific obligations,
payable in wheat, to the amount of five
or six times as much wheat as he
had, would pay in wheat at the de
mand of a creditor’s obligation while be
had the option of paying in oats of which
he had more than he had granary room
for, he would be universally considered
an idiot. If, acting for another, under
such circumstances he paid out wheat to
a party who was conspiring to compel
his employer to buy back wheat at a big
advance in price, there might be a divi
sion in public sentiment as to whether h«
was an idiot or an infernal scoundrel.
If acting thus he sought to justify his
action by saying that he was endeavor
ing to “preserve the parity," he would
parallel the statesmanship (?) of O. Cleve
land and J. Carlisle.—lowa Tribune.
HIT THE BULLSEYE.
Tom Watson Takes Time Between Speeches
to Exhort the True Men.
When did the people of Georgia ever
assemble in such tremendous crowds to
hear political speeches?
Where is the man that does not know
that profound depths of popular feeling
are being touched, and that the heart of
the commonwealth is troubled at the
trend of government?
The hum of discussion vibrates in the
air from center to circumference of the
body politic. The silent but irresistible
columns of thought are moving as they
have not moved for 25 years.
The scouting parties of research and
inquiry take no rest either day or night.
Throwing down his Atlanta Journal
or his Savannah News, the Democrat,
nearly starved for a taste of the whole
bodied truth, rides 20 miles to hear a
Populist discuss national affairs.
Disgusted with the never ending
squabble among the Democratic bosses
about the offices, and turning with sick
ened surprise from the spectacle of the
national government of 65,000,000 of
people being run by a lot of statesmen
who work one day and go fishing the
other six, he hitches up the old mare to
the buggy and joins the wonderful pro
cession which rumbles along under the
tall pines, mile after mile, to hear an
honest talk about the most important
questions which can affect a people.
This is no fancy sketch. It is the lit
eral truth. Democrats by the score are
attending our meetings and will continue
to do so.
Now, our duty is plain. Every speech
must be pitched to the high level of pa
triotism. Speak for the good of our com
mon country. Lift principle above par
ty and truth above partisanship.
Concede that the country Democrat
has been honestly in error and then try
to convince him of that error.
Drive home the thought that we have
been made the tools of the money kings,
who have captured the machinery of
both the old parties, and that our only
salvation lies in massing all the people
to fight the banker combine.
Dwell untiringly upon the fact that
the eastern and northern Democrat is as
much our enemy upon all questions of
finance and taxation as the eastern and
northern Republican.
Explain with all the might that’s in
you the identity of interests between the
south and the west and the antagonism
of interest between the south and the
east and north, then ask the country
Democrat why he should always follow
the bosses, who allow the south to be
plundered in the interest of the eastern
and northern plutocrats.
Load you guns in this way, men, and
you’ll hit the bullseye every crack.—T.
E. Watson in People’s Party Paper.
It Is Underconsumption.
“The amount of work you do,” said S.
J. Kent of Lincoln, Neb., in a recent lec
ture, “does not depend on the number of
hours you work. The difference between
barbarism and civilization is consump
tion, and anything that makes it impos
sible for men to satisfy their desires is an
impediment to civilization. We are told
by men high in authority that we are
suffering from overproduction—from the
overproduction of silver, from the over
production of the necessaries of life, al
though there are thousands of poor fel
lows who have not a dollar m their pock
ets or food to eat. The trouble is there
is not enough consumption. In the same
breath that these people say that there is
overproduction they tell workingmen to
economize. Why, if we were to econo
mize there would be still greater over
production. Such people are not con
sistent. It is by expanding our wants
and desires that civilization is advanced,
and if this were done generally there
need not be an idle man in the world to
day, and it is a sin that there is.”
Virginia Campaign.
We are now more than ever impressed
with the importance of the Virginia
campaign. It is the initial battle of the
campaign of 1894. This fight cannot be
confined to the state of Virginia. It is
national in its character and results.
Every Populist in this country is in
terested in its outcome and should stand
ready to do his or her full share to bring
about a glorious victory. We propose
to start a “Watchman fund” for Vir
ginia to be used in paying the expenses
of outside speakers. There are good
men who can be sent into that state with
little expense. Everything will be done
under the direction of the Virginia state
committee. A strict account will be
rendered each week of receipts and dis
bursements. No matter how small the
contribution, it will be gladly received.
—National Watchman.
The lowa Campaign.
The Populists intend to conduct a vig
orous and thorough campaign in lowa
this year. General Weaver will spend
the months of September and October in
the state and will visit as many locali
ties as possible. W. H. Robb, E. H. Gil
lette, A. J. Westfall, Professor A. E.
Ott, Judge Cole, F. F. Roe, A. C. W.
Weeks, W. S. Scott, S. F. Myers, Mr.
Burke of Council Bluffs, S. B. Downing,
J. E. Anderson and other excellent cam
paigners and organizers will ably assist
in the good work. The committee ex
pects also to secure the services of Igna
tius Donnelly of Minnesota, Mrs. Lease,
Governor Le welling and Jerry Simpson
of Kansas, Tom Patterson and Colonel
Fisk of Colorado, J. H. Davis of Texas,
Tom Watson of Georgia, S. F. Norton
of Illinois and others.
Eastern Populists.
The influence of the People’s Party in
the east at last fall’s election was com
paratively small, but the nucleus there
formed was composed of earnest men,
and the interest is being kept alive by
active work at this time. In most of the
large cities of the east organization is
being carefully and surely pushed along,
and where there are to be elections next
fall the People’s Party will make a cam
paign for educational purposes if not
with the hope of success.
FARMS IN MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.
A Letter From a Prominent Business Man
Giving the True Situation.
General A. J. Warner, President American Bi
metallic League, Washington:
Dear Sir —I inclose a list of “country homes'*
whose owfiers have been ruined by the low
price of cotton and whose homes are now of
fered for sale by the Caldwell and Judah Mort
gage company. Here is a list of 58 farms of
fered for sale by a single mortgage company
and the closing out of farmers is barely com
menced. Those marked with a cross in pencil
are in the valley here and are in a section that
is as fertile as the valley of the Nile.
You will notice that these farms, part wood
ed and part under cultivation, including build
ings, cotton gins and all improvements, are of
fered at an average of some $lO per acre, a fig
ure not over one-third of what they should
bring, as the wild laud alone is worth $lO.
This list is not all that this company has taken
in. The larger places in this valley, bid in by
them at 20 to 35 cents on the dollar, they have
retained for themselves, and I am informed
that they lost a large sum of money last year
running those places, raising cotton, and they
will lose more this year.
There is no money in this valley, and land
and lumber are absolutely unsalable. I can
sell my clear lumber to go north usually,
though just now we cannot sell in the north,
but coarse lumber for building cabins, etc.,
here cannot be sold, and to ship it to the north
will hardly pay freight. I cannot sustain my
self in the lumber business and must stop.
About all the lumber mills around me have
failed or shut down. I hare quit cutting logs
in the woods, and as soon ns I can saw up the
logs already cut and sell the lumber I will
quit and go to buying car lots of lumber and
shipping north.
There is nothing but serfdom before the peo
ple of the south and west unless there is a
change that will give them a living price for
the products of their farms.
Everything is at a deadlock—banks refusing
accommodations to their customers, compel
ling everybody to pay up and not paying out a
single nickel that they can avoid. The govern
ment, banks and people—all are short of money.
If this and a heavy fall in prices until wheat
is lower than ever before known is not proof
that there is not near money enough, then in
God’s name when can we get proof of it?
George Prentiss.
Moorhead, Miss.
Why Not Wheat?
In your weekly issue for July 5 is an
article which I assume to be an editorial,
entitled “Mr. Bland’s Injustice,” in
which you characterize as absurd the
declaration by Mr. Bland that there is a
conspiracy against silver, and then pro
ceed to argue that our government, in
stead of conspiring against silver, has
been very friendly toward it, has bought
large quantities of it with a view to keep
ing up its price and has lost a large sum
of money in its vain effort to accomplish
that result. Your conclusion is that sil
ver mine owners and all friends of silver
should feel grateful to the government
for its heroic efforts in their behalf—ef
forts never made in behalf of other in
terests or any other product.
Your argument provokes the ques
tions: Has the government been friendly
to silver? Have its efforts been conducive
to the maintenance of its price? Suppose
the government had prohibited the use
of wheat for bread; then, to keep up
its price, decreed to buy a few million
bushels each month, store it in ware
houses, from which it was probably nev
er to be drawn, and issue to the people
the equivalent of its value in rye and
corn bread. Would the growers of
wheat regard that as kind treatment of
their product? Would that sort of finan
ciering (?) be considered a single remove
from idiocy?
Has not the government given precise
ly such treatment to silver as my hypo
thetical treatment of wheat? Would not
wheat inevitably decline under such con
ditions, and under like conditions could
silver hope to escape a similar fate? If
this government has been kind to silver,
was it not kindness that kills?—S. M.
Owen in New York World.
Trouble Only Begun.
The World-Herald says that “railway
men report that Omaha wholesale deal
ers in things other than the necessities
of life find orders from Colorado can
celed every day-” And this is only the
beginning or trouble. On account of
this loss of traffic the roads are discharg
ing hundreds of employees, and as soon
as they are discharged they become
largely nonconsumers. That reduces
the sales of retail dealers, and they don’t
buy of the wholesale houses. When the
wholesale houses can’t sell, they cease to
buy of the eastern manufacturers.
When the eastern manufacturer can’t
sell, he discharges his workmen. Then
they can’t buy, and the eastern retail
dealer can’t sell.
Those fellows may think they have no
interest in this silver question, but they
will find out one of these days before
long whether they have or not. It may
strike them last, but it will strike them
hardest of all in the end. We are not
going to starve on these fertile plains if
the banks do make it impossible to pay
debts. We raise enough to feed our pop
ulation, and do#n there they do not.
There will be some long, piercing calam
ity howls from New England before
long. —N onconformist.
Parties and Panics.
The first great panic in our history fell
on the year after John Adams was
elected. The second, omitting the war
era of 1812-15, began soon after Monroe’s
first election and culminated in 1819. A
few miner flurries occurred, and then
came the crusher of 1837. I do not count
1827, 1847 and the state bank panic of
1854 as more than mere flurries. So of
the really great panics we have had one
under the Federalists, one under the
Jeffersonian Demo-Republicans, three
under the Democrats (if you count this
one) and two under the Republicans. As
the panics of 1837 and 1873 lasted five
years each, we find that the number of
panic years under each political party
bears an exact ratio to the number of
years that party ruled the country.—J.
H. Beadle.
Texas Aroused.
The Alliance lecturers and Populist
orators are making the hilltops and the
valleys all over Texas ring with their ar
raignment of the Democrats and Repub
licans for the troublesome tiroes that are
upon us. If the people do not rise in
their might and throw off the chains
that bind them, it will not be because
they do not know of the evil. Let the
good work go on. Relief or deathl—
Southern Mercury.
THE HAM'S FLY CATCH
Wonderful Baseball Story From
the Centennial State.
CAYLOR’S BASEBALL PICTURES.
fpalding and Bradley Were World Fa
mous Pitchers In 1876—One Is a Million
aire Now and the Other a Philadelphia
Policeman—Players Who Save Money.
About this time every year is the season
when some extraordinary story is told to
wake up the baseball crank and thrill his
credulous soul with wonder. This year it
is a hawk story. The scene is laid in faroff
Colorado, where the air is so pure and rare
that lying is as easy as walking. A player
while practicing sent a fly ball high into the
empyrean. A hawk, sach as they grow In
that glorious climate, was lolling around
in the vicinity of the clouds, and toward
this bird the ball set sail. The hawk saw
its game coming and for the sake of some
thing to do met it half way. The result was
a fly catch as neatly made as it could be
done by a Ryan, a Holliday, a Hamilton or
a Brodie.
With the ball in its clutches, the hawk
flew away to its nest. What use it made
of the ball is not chronicled, but I suppose,
true to its nature, this bird of prey tore the
insides out of the sphere and glutted itself
on yarn and rubber. If he found the yam
as tough as the yam as I have spun it, that
hawk will never catch another fly ball.
The game will be deprived of another nov
elty which was promised, but which has
been withdrawn before it ripened. Cincin
nati, the home of baseball sensations, was
to have been the scene of this miscarried
curiosity, and I presume it was planned by
that prince of advertisers, Frank Bancroft.
The club announced that some time in Au
gust there would be a marriage celebrated
at the home plate on the Cincinnati
grounds just before the game began. The
groom was to be the assistant ground keep
er, and the happy bride, it was said, “moved
high up in her particular circle in the west
end. ” The scheme was a most novel one.
It would have been the first wedding on a
hallfleld since the game began. Couples
nave been united in balloons at county
fairs, on the stage and in show windows,
but never at the home plate.
Alas for novelty! Some of the other
League clubs heard about the contemplated
innovation, and at once there formed a fun
nel shaped cloud of indignation which
threatened to sweep down on Cincinnati
and blow the home plate, the assistant
ground keeper and his high moving bride
into the Ohio river. As a consequence, the
wedding at the home plate has been de
clared off.
This year there has been a disposition in
the National league particularly to frown
npon all novelty attractions of an extra
character when coupled with championship
games. In St. Louis they had a balloon
ascension on one or two occasions, but I be
lieve the venture didn’t pay, and the special
features were discontinued. Several years
ago foot races preceding the games were
quite popular, but at that time it was neces
sary to devise extra attraction to get the
money in at the gates. This year the great
game is drawing for itself, and the side
show business is unpopular.
Very recently two teams of police officer*
played a game of ball in Philadelphia. One
of the nines was shut out without a run.
The pitcher for the victors was George W.
Bradley. When I saw a paragraph in a
Philadelphia paper making the announce
ment of that game, I cast my thoughts
back nearly a score of years. This George
W. Bradley is now a police officer in the
City of Brotherly Love with a salary of
perhaps SIOO a month. In 1876 he was
pitching for the St. Louis club of the Na
tional league. It was the year when Bos
ton’s big four—Spalding, Barnes, White
and MeVey—deserted the club and went to
Chicago, where they helped to win the
championship for the White Stockings.
They found their hardest foe to beat in the
St. Louis nine, especially when Bradley
pitched. A result of this was that the Chi
cagos got rid of their dangerous rival pitch
er, Bradley, by engaging him. He joined
the Chicagos, I think, the following year.
The point I am making is this: In that
rear—lß76—the two most famous pitoheie
in the country were A. G. Spalding and
George W. Bradley. They were rivals on
nearly an equal footing, and Bradley’s
earnings were scarcely less than Spalding’s.
But time works wonders. Things are very
different with those two men today. Spald
ing is a millionare living in royal style in
•ne of Chicago’s fashionable suburbs and
occupying the head place in a firm which
has houses in Chicago, New York, Philadel
phia, London and Sydney. Bradley patrols
the streets of Philadelphia and earns
enough to keep his family in moderate
comfort. At this time, while Bradley is
doing a policeman’s duty, Spaing is liv
ing temporarily in his cottage at Seabright,
on the Jersey coast.
The story of these two once famous
pitchers makes a text for a sermon on base
ball. One was a man of education and
more than average intelligence. To him
the money which he earned playing ball
was a nest egg for the fortune he afterward
acquired. Baseball gave him his start and
probably placed him where he is today.
In the other instance the player was a
man without education or ambition be
yond the diamond. Whatever money he
saved while playing ball was spent as soon
as the diamond had no further work for
him. How often the history of a ball play
er is the history over again of Bradley’s
life! Few of them save their money. Of
those who do a very small proportion are
willing or able to put it into some business
as soon as their playing days are past.
Most of them loaf around and play in mi
nor leagues until what they earned in their
£rosperous days is spent, and then they
ave neither money nor mental talent to
carry them through life in a prosperous
state.
There are ball players who will leave the
profession in comfortable oiroumstancea
Anson, while not a parsimonious man, has
made a great deal of money at ball playing
and saved a great deal. He has from time
to time invested in Chicago real estate and
owns about 100,000 worth of property. Com
iskey, Nash, Glasscock, McPhee, Chamber
lain, Conner, Duffy, O’Rourke, Thompson
and a few others have not wasted their
earnings and are all fairly well “fixed.”
But men of the Kelly-Latham-Ward stripe,
who are free spenders, depend from year to
year upon their salaries for the means of
gratifying an abnormal desire to spend
money.
I see there is already some talk about
winter or tell expeditions to Cuba, New
Orleans or California. Than always la
more or less speculation in that line about
the dag daya ovary JWi but tt seldom
amounts to more, O. P. OiTMS.

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