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The representative. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1893-1901, September 13, 1893, Image 1

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■ ~ : U |T, ■
The Representative
A Breezy Letter from the Presi
dent of the State Alliance.
The Origin of the Metals. Montana
Thunder Storms. A Dejected and
Wretched People. Gambling with the
Lord. Cattle raising. Moral.
Anaconda, Mont., Sept. 5.
Mr. Editor:
Here I am in the heart of the
Rocky mountains, more than a mile
above the sea-level, with great peaks
and ranges towering above me, other
thousands of feet, their tops marked
with patches of the never-melting
This is a wonderful country. It
looks, much of it, like the dumping
ground of all creation. A cow would
absorb all the sustanance furnished
by a thousand acres; and yet from
holes in the ground, on mountain
slopes, where scrub pine and sage
bushes are the sole representatives
of the vegetable kingdom, we learn
that hundreds of millions of dollars
of metallic wealth have been taken in
the last twenty years. Everthing is
found here:—gold, silver, copper,
iron, coal; and a thousand years will
not exhaust the resources of this
wonder-land. Nature must have
been dancing a high old fandango
when these perpendicular strata of
rock were kicked into place. It
would have been a much more in
teresting “shindig” to have wit
nessed than to have participated in:—
like a Minnesota legislature it would
have been better for a man’s com
fort to be out of it than in it.
Everything is quiet enough now.
Whatever was the force,—the Jim
Hitt,I—that 1 —that kicked up this bobberg,
and 1 produced this eruption on the
face of the continent, it has evident
ly long since retired from business,
into the nether-most depths or
Pluto’s kingdom; and is there quiet
ly cutting off its coupons, and wait
ing until the Great Governor calls
an extra session of the dynamic
forces of the planet.

— —-
Where did all the gold, silver, cop
per and iron come from? There are
two answers. One set of reasoners
says it came from above, out of the
air, at the time of the aforesaid
Montanian highland-fling; that it
was held in solution, as gases, in in
tensely heated air; and when it
cooled and condensed into liquids,
it ran into the crevices of the rocks,
out of which men are now laborusly
extracting it. The other, and more
numerous class of theorists, hold,
that in the middle of the earth
there is an immense quantity of these
metals, and that it boils over and
eructates itself, and forces itself in
to the crevices of rocks above it.
But there are two difficulties with
this hypothesies:—first, these metals
have never been found in the out
flow of volcanoes on any part of the
earth’s surface; and if the pot below
was full of gold and silver, etc.,
sooner or later some of it would have
boiled over and flowed out at the
mouth of the craters. West of here,
in Idaho, &c. they have the great
lava-fields, a thousand miles square,
where the contents of the earth
burst out, in an awful flood in the
remote past, ahd consigned vast
areas to everlasting desolation:—
but not a particle of the precious
metals has ever been found in any
part of this great overflow. In the
second place, if this gold and silver
came from a great metallic basin,
in the heart of the earth, why would
it not, in some places, have squirted
up thick columns of the precious
matter? But whether it came as a
Dance shower upon the earth, or was
caused by some telluric emetic, it
has filled this region with people,
with enterprise, with wealth.
All the nations are here:—Goth,
Celt, Gaul, Gael, Italian, Magyar,
Huns, Asiatic, African, European,
here all toil peacefully together in
the depths of the mines, or swelter
together in the immense reduction
Great railroads wind through the
mountains, turning and twisting
from one valley into another, like
a serpant crawling; electric street
car lines move through the cities;
incandescent burners light up the
houses; newspapers that would do
credit to Minneapolis or St. Paul
are found in towns with one tenth
of their inhabitants; long flumes of
timber, erected on high trussel
work, extend along for miles, carry
ing water to run the machinery of
mills or to irrigate the land of the
farmer. Over all stretches a blue
sky, flecked with patches of clouds,
SI.OO ) year ' IN ADVANCE.
that seems to hang lower in the
heavens then at home. I heard
yesterday, but I am proud to say it
did not compare with what Minne
sota can do:—it was like the erf of
a chorus boy compared with the bel
low of John L. Sullivan, half-full.
It may be that it was not a fair
specimen of what Montana can ac
complish, but when I listened to it
and thought of the stony and awful
clatter of our disrupting and diabo
lical detonations, sounding as if the
universe was made of boulders and
was all coming down with a crash,
I smiled and felt sorry for Montana.
The air here is light and balmy and
delicious. They tell me they have
never had a cyclone in these moun
tains. The tall peaks act like light
ning-rods, and draw the electricity
innocuously (as Grover would say)
to the earth.
And this confirms the theory
which I propounded some years
since, that cyclones on the plain or
prairie regions could be averted by
by suspending steel pointed light
ning rods to anchored baloons at
great heights.
The cyclone represents the struggle
of the over-stocked electricity, of a
damp stratum of air, to force itself
through a dry, non-conducting strat
um, nearer the earth; and it can
only do so by driving down a long
tongue of the damp air through
the dry air; and, as soon as this na
tural lightning rod is constructed,
the surplus electricity rushes to it
from all directions, and sets up the
spiral cyclonic movement, and than
the intelligent creatures of the
earth betake themselves to holes in
the ground.
All this country is now in a de
jected and wretched condition.
Those worthy gentlemen across the
water and in Wall street, who be
lieve that mankind would be better
off to be poorer, have shut up the
greater part of the mines; and
about two thirds of the miners, hon
est folk, who asked for nothing but
a chance to work like the devil for
a living, and denied even that poor
privilege; and are now wandering
over the earth, every day reminded
more and more forcibly of the ex
istence of what the scientists call
“the digestive tract.”
Rut if the gold-bugs increase their
fortunes why should these disman
tled and disinherited regions com
plain? Was not the world made for
the wealth-holder? Grover says so—
and John Sherman says amen. And
what democrats and republicans
both agree upon cannot be wrong.
God bless them! And the fools are
necessarily in the majority in all
countries, anyhow; and will be un
til the populists come into power.
But of one thing I feel assured: —
that Minnesota is one of the best
regions of the earth. Agriculturally
it is “the jumping off place.” You
jump off and light in the midst of
the sage bush of the rainless land.
Half way across North Dakota you
are in the desert, where men gamble
with the Lord for water and win
once in four or five years; and then
hang on by their teeth, with the
Sheriff pulling at their coat tails,
for another four or five years. In
Montana they irrigate and raise
fine crops, but they require two
things,—arable valleys and attain
able water; hence the fields are
small. It is pitiful to see human
energy contending against adverse
conditions: lives of isolation for the
means of mere existence. A good
farm in Minnesota is worth a county
west of it.
In the cattle business in Mon
tana you can raise huge herds with
out hay or shelter; but, just as you
have swelled your flocks to patri
archel proportions, comes a terrible
winter, and sixty per cent perish,
humped-up, stupefied, starved, in
the deep snows. With irrigation
you can raise hay enough for a small
herd,—but not for flocks of ten and
twenty thousand,—that is impossi
And so the moral I draw from my
journey is,—that any man who has
a farm in Minnesota should do his
level best to hold onto it. The
capitalists travel—they know the
value of our beautiful state, —hence
their anxiety to get possession of
the farmer’s field. Hold on to your
“But how?” you ask;—“l am mort
gaged. I cannot pay up with half
a crop at half a price:”
Examine carefully and see if you
have not paid, in any one year, in
interest or commissions, more than
ten per cent on your loan. If you
have, take a witness and go to the
owner of the mortgage, or his agent,
and say to him:—"Your mortgage is
usurious. I can have it wiped out
and my farm freed from it. I do
not want to wrong you out of a pen
ny:—but you took an illegal advan
tage of my necessities. Cut down
your claim to legal interest; call the
interest for the future six per cent,
per annum, and I will try to work
it out of the land. If this is not
satisfactory go ahead and I will fight
your claim.”
In ninety-nine cases out of a hund
red the mortgagee will agree to these
terms:—he knows that he is at your
mercy; he knows that in these times
no man can pay ten per cent per
year;—that even six per cent is a
big rate; he will respect you the
more because under the same cir
cumstances he would adopt that
very course himself; he will, in time
get back his money and interest.
What more has he, in conscience,
any right to? You are justified in
fighting for your home. See how
the birds defend their nests and the
badgers their holes in the ground.
If the mortgagee will not accept
your terms let him go to law. Em
ploy a good attorney;—prove, to the
satisfaction of a jury, thq£ he got
more than 10 per cent, a year from
you, and you can knock him and his
mortgage galley-west. The law is
just as good for you as it is for him.
Hang on to your land to the last
gasp. There are no more Minne
sotas on the planet; and every day
the battle of life will grow fiercer.
I. D.
How the Populists are Treated
by Their Allies.
In Kansas the populists held the
balance of power, and had a much
larger vote in the legislature than
the democrats; but they had not
votes enough to elect one of their
own men; and so they took up a dem
ocrat, who had appeared to sympa
thize with them, a Mr. John Martin,
and elected him as a choice of evils.
What is the result? Here we have
Topeka, Kan., Aug. 2. —Senator
John Martin is now a pronounced
administration man, not because of
any special influences brought to
bear upon him, but because he sees
in this decision the foundation of a
strong democratic party in Kansas.
Heretofore he has been inclined to
favor some of the heresies of the
populists, whose votes elected him,
but he no longer wavers. The night
before he started for Washington he
addressed the Democratic Flambeau
Club, the leading political organiza
tion of this state, and advised
against any further fusion with the
populists. He declared that that
party was near its end, and that,
like the old greenback and union
labor parties, four out of five of its
members would go into the demo
cratic rather than return to the re
publican party.
He also announced his opposition
to the Sherman bill even while fa
voring the coinage of silver on such
terms as his party might determine
hereafter. He would vote for the
repeal of the present law uncondi
tionally and then endeavor to secure
the needed silver legislation, pro
vided there was no conflict with the
And this is just what might have
been expected. Having crawled up
by the populist ladder in a state
that never has been and never will
be democratic, John Martin, to se
cure a share of Cleveland’s patron
age, kicked down the ladder he rose
by, and tells the populists to go to
his satanic majesty.
Brethern, —let us stand by our own
men and our own principles. Let us
nominate our own ticket, of tried
and true men. If the democrats or
republicans chose to vote for our no
minees that is none of our business,
—provided we yield nothing in re
turn. If either of the old parties
comes to us and says,—“lf you will
nominate so-and-so he will suit us;”
be assured so-and-so is a skalawag,
and has a secret understanding with
the powers that rule the old parties,
and has agreed to sell you out. It
is better that you have an enemy in
office than a traitor. You can con
tinue the fight against*the enemy,
but the traitor disgraces, divides
and demoralizes you.
“Keep in the middle of the road.”
I. D.
“Direct Legislation” Legion of
Henning will meet in the school
house of district 117, town <>f Leaf
Lake, on Saturday Sept. 23 next at
4 o’clock p. m. As very important
matters will come before the meet
ing, it is desirable that all members
be present.
New members will be received.
A. P. Onsdorff, Adj.
J. O. Smith, Capt.
Our Contribution to Snobocracy.
The Drift of the Times.
Our readers can hardly believe that
we are advancing day by day nearer
and nearer to royalty; that when we
submit to be robbed of the fruits of
our own industry we are simply creat
ing an aristocracy which dispises the
whole American people and is eager
to quit our shores and carry their ill
gotten plunder over to share with the
lords of mis-rule who have brought
the British Islands and all Europe to
the terrible condition now existing
there. New York city is the centre
of this unamerican breed of shoddy
aristocrats. It is a great pity it
could not be towed out into the At
lantic and anchored there. From it
nothing but evil influences radiate
this whole land.
But if you want to see how far this
thing has gone, read ths following:
“An enterprising calculator has
sized up some American contribu
tions of glittering coin to the noble
social swim of Great Britain. He be
gins by stating that the Craven-Brad
ley-Martin marriage exported £200,-
000 (one million dollars) of United
Spates cash for the English dowery
fund. He adds the following matri
monial financial facts as Yankee
“dots” that have settled abroad:
Miss Eva Julia Bryant Mackay,
daughter of John Mackay of San
Erancisco, princess of Galatio Colon
na and Stigliano, £1,000,000. Mrs.
Frederick Stevens married Maurice,
marquis de Talleyrand-Perigord, d uke
de Dino, in 1887, £600,000. Miss Math
ilda Davis, married the Duke of San
Croce de Maglione, in 1866, £600,000.
Miss Medora Marie Hoffman, daugh
ter of the banker, married Antonie
de Manca-Smat de Yallombrosa de
Mores and Monte-Maggiore in 1882,
£1,000,000. Miss Anita Theressa
Murphy married Sir Charles Wolsely,
£400,000. Miss Elizabeth Livingston
married William Cavendish-Bentinch
M,'P., in 1886, £300,000. Lady Ar
thur Butler, who was Miss Ellen Sta
ger, of Chicago, £200,000. Mme de
Barrios, who married the Marquis de
Rrtla, had three or four times that
amount. The widow of George Lor
illard, now the Countess Casa de Ag
reda, took £200,000 to Europe with
her. Mrs. Charles Livermore, who
married Baron de Seilliere, over £2OO
- Miss Huntington’s (now Princ
ess Hatzfeldt) dot was £200,000. Miss
Minnie Stevens, who married Capt.
Arthur Paget, nearly £200,000. Miss
Edith Pish, who married Sir Stafford
Northcote, a good sized dowery. La
dy Vernon took £200,000 to England.
Isabelle von Linden, wife of Count
Von Linden, took about £200,000.
Mrs. Hammersley, married to the
late duke of Marlborough, took with
her the yearly interest on £1,400,000.
Miss Celia Riggs, who married Henry
Howard, brought him £IOO,OOO. La
dy Harcourt, daughter of J. L. Mot
ley the historian, brought her hus
band 50,000 pounds. Besides these
Miss Jennie Jerome, who married
Lord Randolph Churchill in 1874;
Miss Consuela Yznaga del Valle, who
married Viscount Mandeville, after
wards duke of Manchester, and her
sister, Miss Natica Yzanga del Valle,
who married Lord Lister-Kaye, had
good sized dowries.”
Honor to a Brave Man.
A worthy friend, but a misguided
one, took the Representative to
task not long since, for publishing
the portrait of a democratic judge
who had shown some leanings to the
side of the producing classes, simply
because he was a democrat. But
there is another democrat whose pic
ture we would be glad to publish if
we had it, —that is Hon. Richard P.
Bland of Mo. He told the democrats
of the east the other day in congress,
that the southern and western demo
crats would seetoitthat “no political
party should be permitted to survive
that proposed to confiscate the prop
erty of the people of the United
States in the interest of England.”
He added:
“ I say it shall not be done. [Re
newed applause.] And anybody or
any party that undertakes to do it,
will, in God’s name, be trampled—as
it ought to be —in the dust of con
demnation, now and in the future.
[Continuedapplause on the floor and
in the galleries.]
Now you can take your choice of
sustaining America against England
of sustaining American industries
and American laborers against Eng
lish industries and English laborers,
or «f our going apart. We have come
to the parting of the way.”
Now this is heroic. All honor to
the, man that uttered it, I care not
whether he call himself democrat,
republican, or populist. This is the
spirit of American patriotism, which
rises above the limitations of parti
sanship. This is the spirit that
alone can save the nation.
For one I have not the smallest
particle of malice or hatred against
any democrat or republican who is
following the light of his best judg
ment and trying to do right as he un
derstands it. If he thinks he is right
for all moral purposes he is right. I
may scold, and jaw, and fight against
the errors of these people ; I may be
enraged at seeing them fooled by
knaves; but for the men themselves
I have nothing but kindly feelings.
All I ask is that they will use the
God-given gift of reason; take the*
scales of prejudice from their eyes and
give all facts and arguments a fair
candid, and impartial consideration.
I am willing to trust the rest to hu
man ieielligence and human honesty.
I. D.
A Dead Statesman.
“The agricultural states have suf
fered eighty times more than the
silver states by the demonetization
of silver, and would be benefited
eighty times more by free coinage,
and sir, by this infamous crime of
1873, the farmers are now suffering
a yearly loss of $1,300,000,000.”
Roger Q. Mills in the House Feb.
3, 1886.
Roger Q. Mills? Roger Q. Mills?
Seems to me I have heard that name
before Wasn’t that the great free
silver leader of the democracy who
made the welkin ring with his clam
ors for j ustice to the white metal?
Certainly. Where is he now? Why
he is a United States senator from
Texas. No; no; that can’t be so: he
must be dead. Haven’t heard his
name or a word from him for six
months; surely if he was alive his
voice would ring like a trumpet call
once more, as it did in 1886. He is
certainly dead and buried forty fa
thoms deep. Not at all. He is sim
ply hypnotised. Cleveland is sitting
on him and feeding him with little
pieces of federal patronage. He
opens his mouth and chews and is
silent amid the clamors of the great
est battle of history.
Alas! Alas! Is Democracy like
Dante’s hell:—“All hope abandon
those who enter here?” Does a man
have to give up his honor, his man
hood, his principles to the great
Dagon of Wall street, as the price
of dwelling in the temple Jefferson
and Jackson erected? It looks like
it. I. D.
’A Good Lesson.
Brother populists—brother produc
ers—l want you to read the follow
ing utterance of a banker , and note
the arrogance with which these fel
lows, who are not one in ten thous
and of the population, undertake
to rule the sixty-five or seventy mill
ions of people of these United
States. It is enough to make a man
reach out his hand for his cudgel,
and electric shocks to run down his
right arm. Read and think:
“I don’t think bankers will ever
be a power and shape the financial
policy of the country as we should,
so long as we think more of our po
litical party than we *Jo of the fin
ancial and material interests of the
country,” said J. Milliken, of De
catur, 111. “Our party will put up a
candidate because of some supposed
availability. We know that he will
vote to impose legislation which is
dangerous. We know he will vote
for unfriendly laws which will ham
per railroads and disturb values,
yet we go to the polls and cast our
ballots for such candidates because
they are on the ticket of our party.
If the bankers of the country had
acted together when the Sherman
and the Bland bills came up, the
$600,000,000 of gold in the country
would be in the banks to-day instead
of being hoarded in the safety de
posit vaults of the country. From
what I have learned of the condition
of the Chicago safety deposit con
cerns, I believe that 75 per cent of
the money which has been drawn
out of the banks and out of circula
tion recently is in the form of gold,
which is being hoarded by individu
als in the expectation that silver
may send gold to a premium. The
result is the stringency which the
country is feeling. And we can’t
blame people for putting the gold
away. 1 think we could control fin
ancial legislation. If we had the
nerve we could at least compel our
parties to put up straight, square
men. We are too timid. We ought
to say to our parties, when they are
about to select improper candidates.
“If you nominate that man we will
not vote for him.’ ”
And note this man thinks that
bankers should drop all party dis
tinctions and go in for power.
I. D
Brother farmers and workmen
would it be a good idea for you to do
the same thing? Why not boldly
say to the old parties,—nominate
men who represent our ideas and in
terests or count us out? That ut
terance of the Decatur, 111. banker
is a good lesson to all our people.
That’s the Question.
Coming Crisis: The debt of the
world according to the best authen
ticated report is $150,000,000,000.
The total gold in the world is 7,000,-
000,000. The interest on this debt is
more than the world’s annual increase
in wealth. Will some shallow-pated,
bigoted-minded gold-bug tell us how
the people can ever pay this debt?
And especially how they can ever
pay it by demonetizing silver, mak
ing gold the sole matallic money and
breaking down the value of all forms
VOL. 1. NO. 20.
of property that must be sold to
pay that vast indebtedness? It means
simply the enslavement of the world.
The process has already com
menced. Read this:
A young men twenty-seven years
old, and sound and active, offers
himself for sale to any person who
will support his aged mother and
prevent her eviction from a rear ten
ement at 203 Avenue A, New York.
The offer was made Saturday, July
22, through the “World” as a last
effort to save his mother from being
turned into the street penniless.
They have always managed to scrape
up the tribute to the landlord until
this month. The young man is so
ber and industrious, willing to work
at anything. This is a good chance
for a plutocrat to secure a bargain.
Prohibitionists will note there is no
drink in this case of poverty.—Ex.
We read the full account of this
case in one of the New York dailies.
They sent a reporter to interview
the young man and everything here
stated is true. He absolutely could
not get work and he and his mother
were down to their last crust.
How much better off is a white
man, with nothing to eat and no
hope of anything, and with his loved
ones perishing around him, of star
vation, than the black slave of the
South, before the war, comfortably
housed and clothed and his face
shining with sleek fatness? What
is liberty worth to the man who is
dying of hunger? Can you keep a
room warm, next winter, with the
thermometer 30° below zero, by re
citing the Declaration of Independ
ence? Whenever the prosperity of a
people is attacked their liberty and
morality are both assailed. I. D.
Trying to Boom it.
The bank of England having suc
ceeded in controlling the American
house of representatives, to de
monetize silver, is now hard at work
to save its miserable tools of getting
up a boom in American business.
The bank of England at once re
duced its rates of discount; and
numerous orders were sent to New
York to buy up American stocks.
The London Times doubts whether
conditions justify the bank in re
ducing rates of discounts; and the
bank replies that its action is due
to the heavy majority in congress against
free silver! But wheat fell off; and
there was, says the Minneapolis Tri
bune, “a weak and featurless mark
et.” Strange to say silver did not
tumble. The demand of China, Ja
pan, India, etc. it is thought will
keep up prices. The end is not yet.
A Premium Offered.
For the purpose of introducing our
paper into the homes of new sub
scribers, we agree to give, during the
next four weeks from August 16,
to each subscriber who sends in one
dollar, for a one years subscription,
for himself or any one else; or two
subscribers for six months each, a
copy of Hon. Ignatius Donnelly’s
last and most famous book, The
Golden Bottle,” the retail price of
which is 50cts.
Remember the offer is only for
four weeks. By subscribing as above
you get the Golden Bottle for no
thing. Read what is said of it in
another column. Call the attention
of your neighbors, who are not yet
subscribers for the Representa
tive, to this offer. The book is hav
ing an immense sale from the At
lantic to the Pacific. One Boston
firm is now negotiating with the
publishers for a special order of 5,000
copies, to give away, to help the
cause of reform.
Free Coinage Propaganda.
A circular from the propaganda
committee appointed by the conven
tion held under the auspices of the
Bi-Metallic League in Chicago Aug.
Ist and 2d, informs us that the com
mittee has adopted the following
Resolved, That this committee
recommend to the committee on
Ways and Means to arrange for print
ing of articles in all papers known as
“ patent insides ” and all papers fa
vorable to free coinage, and furnish
ing supplements with free coinage
articles to papers that will use the
Second, That members of the Ways
and Means committee for each state
appointed by said convention are
hereby requested to issue a call, non
partisan in its character, for meet
ings to be held in every county in
their respective states, with the view
of adopting resolutions favoring the
free coinage of silver and petitioning
congress to adopt such a law. Said
petitions to be forwarded to the con
?:ressman representing the district
n which such meetings are held.
Third, That the voters be request
ed to write personal letters and to
use every legitimate influence to in
duce their representatives in con
f[ress to favor the passage of such a
aw at a ratio not to exceed 16 to 1.
I. D

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