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The representative. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1893-1901, September 20, 1893, Image 1

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The Represent a tive
1 —— ■ ■ ■■ ■■ --
SI.OO )year( IN ADVANCE. ST. PAUL, MINN., WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 20, 1893. VOL. 1. NO. 21.
How Watered Stock Affects the
I have received the following let
“Frazee, Minn., Sept. 4, 1893.
Hon. Ignatius Donnelly,
Hastings, Minn.
My Dear Sir:—You can’t imagine
how joyful I feel that you have drop
ped Fish. I have said for the past
two or three years that as soon as
Donnelly threw that fellow away, I
might be induced to assist him in
my feeble way. Now I am a sub
scriber to the “Representative,”
and really enjoy it.
Mr. Donnelly, I notice in the Rep
resentative of the 21st, in your
letter to Mr. M. I. Ringdal, where
you speak of watered stock. “In other
words, the people are paying interest
on three or four times the amount of
money actually invested in the road,
etc.” lam trying to find out how I,
(one of the people and a tax payer),
am paying any taxes at all on R. R.
property or bonds. Honestly I don’t
know. Respectfully yours,
A. C. Randall.
The answer to this question is very
Everything that comes to Frazee
from anywhere else, except what is
brought in farmers’ wagons, pays
freight to the railroad companies.
And everything raised or produced in
or near Frazee, and which is shipped
abroad, goes over the railroads, and
pays freight charges to them. That
is perfectly clear. Now it is equally
clear that the amount of those rail
road charges determines the price of
every commodity bought or sold in
Frazee. And if our correspondent
produces or consumes anything,—and
he certainly does one or other or
both,—he helps to support those rail
roads by paying part of those
If now the roads are mortgaged for
three or four times what they cost
they must put up their charges on
the transportation of freight and pas
sengers to enable them to collect
enough to pay the interest on the
bogus debt as well as on the real
debt. If Mr. Randall is a farmer and
raises and sells wheat, and it costs,
we will say, thirty cents per bushel
to get it from Frazee to New York,
by all rail, then that thirty cents is
taken out of the price of his wheat.
If his wheat is worth 75 cents in New
York then he gets but 45 cents per
bushel for it in Frazee. But suppose
that one-third of that 30 cents is
used to pay the interest on watered
stock then Mr. Randall contributes
ten cents per bushel on every bushel
of wheat he raises. This on 1,000
bushels is SIOO; —in ten years this
makes $1,000; in twenty years $2,000.
The sum of $2,000, if it had remained
in Mr. Randall’s pocket, would have
built him a pleasant house and barn,
and have given him a great many
comforts of life in his old age. But
it isn’t in Mr. Randall’s pocket; he
has paid it over to non-residents,
who never earned it, and never gave
him anything for it; and they have
added it to the plunder taken from a
million other men, and have become
millionaires. And if Mr. Randall
runs behind, and has to borrow mon
ey on a mortgage, he will probably
borrow back some of the very money
he paid those knaves for interest on
bogus, watered-stock; and the sheriff
may finally drive him out of his
home for not paying interest on his
own money!
But suppose Mr. Randall is not a
farmer but a citizen of the village,
—suppose he is a consumer and not a
producer. What does he spend his
money for? Why for groceries, dry
goods, meat, bread, vegetables, etc.
Now so far as the price he pays for
meat and bread and vegetables,
raised on farms in the vicinity, is
concerned, the railroad charges affect
it but little; but the groceries, dry
goods, hardware, etc., have come to
Frazee over the railroads; and if they
have paid three times as much for
transportation as they should have
paid it comes out of Mr. Randall’s
pocket, and he is so much poorer.
Moreover, if Mr. R. is engaged in any
business, that must depend on the
prosperity of the whole country; and
Frazee city, and the success of every
man in it, hinges on the prosperity of
the farmers about it; and every dol
lar taken from them, to pay interest
on bogus capital, is a dollar taken
out of that region of country; and a
dollar less for the business and pro
fessional men of Frazee to get hold
The business men of Minnesota
should all stand with the peoples
party. Instead of that, as a rule,
their sympathies are with the non
resident rogues who are stealing
their customers poor and bringing
themselves to bankruptcy. It is one
of the strongest phenomena in the
history of human society, and would
justify the immediate presence of
the fool-killer. I. D.
The Savannah cyclone is another
reminder that the year 1893 will go
down in history as the calamity year
of the latter half of the nineteenth
century.—Minneapolis Tribune.
And the year is not yet ended.
And it may be that the Savanah cy
clone is only a prefiguration of a
social cataclysm the most terrible
the world has ever seen. It is when
villainy is most successful that it
treads upon hurricanes and earth
quakes. God’s hardest blows are only
struck under the direst provoca
tions. I. D.
The Daily Press of the United
I have no doubt that the honest
farmer or mechanic who reads in the
populist journals, the oft-repeated
statement that the daily newspa
pers of this country are owned and
controlled by the money-power,
takes it cum grano salis-r- he don’t
quite believe it. There has been
published, all over the country, the
speech made, a year ago, at a press
club banquet in New York, where
one of the newspaper writers was
called upon to speak to the toast,
“the freedom of the press,” and he
—warmed up by the wine, to a state
of imprudence,—told them that
there was no “freedom of the press”
—that they, the editors, were all
slaves;—that they lied for so much
a week; —and that if any one of them
uttered his real convictions he
would not hold his place for twenty
four hours; —that the. papers were
run as the capitalists behind them
dictated, etc. etc. But the scepti
cal no doubt said to themselves—
“well; that may be all so; it reads
well; but I did not hear that speech
The other day I wrote to an edi
torial friend in Chicago, complain
ing of some articles in the paper he
was working for, on the financial
question; and I received a private
letter, from which I make some ex
tracts, because they throw great
light on the condition of the daily
press of the United States, and il
lustrate how completely powerless
the masses are to get at facts or in
fluence public opinion.
My friend says:
“This thing is appearing, day by
day, all the more plainly, to be in
all directions a struggle of private
interests, and the daily press, with
few exceptions, are with that in
terest which the proprietors find
most friendly to them. Your “Gold
en Bottle” philosophy, about the
eternal and universal scramble for
the dollar, is all right. Privately, I
may say to you, that I am directing
my efforts towards getting out of this
employment of writer on the daily
Sress. It is getting “too rank."
►pinions are being too palpably dic
tated from the outside; and the inde
pendent newspaper, (like the inde
pendent man), must necessairly have
a h 1 of a time keeping its head
above water. Considering the close
identification of the average daily
paper with banks and banking , and
rich people generally, on account of
the large sums of money that are needed
day by day to meet expenses , I doubt
the ability of the best man there is
on the press to-day to ‘ stand pat ’
with popular rights and interests.
Leaving out the New York Sun and
the Louisville Courier-Journal, there
is not a daily paper, so far as I know,
which gives expression to opinions
which have the courage and intellec
tuality of a live man behind them.
The others are the mere mouth-
Eieces of so many corporations, or
eads of corporations; with as much
of the light of conscience directing
the writers on them, as their is of
the element of soul in the conduct
of the business interests of those
same corporations.”
“I am sorry for having inflicted
this jeremiad upon you, but I am
restive at being, even by implica
tion, held responsible for the gist
of the coin-and currency discussions
now in progress in our paper.”
This is a startling statement. It
shows that those who should be the
guides and enlighteners of the peo
ple are forced to deceive and betray
them, and lead them into the abyss.
Many of these newspaper writers are
not only exceptionally bright and
able men, but their hearts are with
the masses; but the necessities of
daily bread constrain them to pub
lish stuff they know to be pernicious.
It is very much as if some horrible
conspiracy had been formed to bribe
all the doctors in the land to poison
their patients:—to give them death
where they looked for life. And
really to destroy one’s country is
worse than to destroy one’s self.
Hence, brethern, you can see how
hard a fight those newspaper pub
lishers have who are laboring to de-
fend, educate and protect you;' and
how earnest you should be to sustain
and help them. Where will you be
when the last independent paper
perishes? As powerless as the dead
rotting in the grave!
Take hold then, at once. Help
your county alliance papers. Help
your state alliance papers. They
should be dearer to you then your
children; for upon them will largely
depend whether your children shall
be serfs or freemen yeomen or
paupers. I. D.
Paying for the Devil’s Work.
I went into a Butte, Montana, retail
grocery store, the other day.
piles of sacks of flour were heaped
up around the walls. I looked
the stamps on the bags and could
see no Minnesota firms’ names,
not one. And yet I had noticed in
old sign on a building:—“Sole Ageht
for the Sale of Fergus Falls Flouf.”
I said to the shop-keeper: “Don’t
you sell Minnesota flour? We con
sider it the best in the world.”
“No,” said he, “Minnesota flour is
boycotted in Montana, and every
thing else that comes from therp.”
“Why?” I asked. “The whole
state,” he replied, “is trying to de
stroy us by destroying silver.” I
denied the charge. He picked up a
local paper and read me this extract
from a recent issue of the Pioneer
“It is not fair to count the min
ing states of the Mountain region
as a part of the west. * * * |n
the Rocky mountains and in the
swamps and bayous of the lower
Mississippi are the haunts of finan
cial error and dishonesty. The re
proach of that has passed away from
the West.”
The feeling here is intensely bitter
against Minnesota, on account of
the course of the leading newspa
pers, and the shallow-brained mer
chants who tried to hold an anti*-
silver convention in St. Paul. Their
slavish devotion to Wall street has
caused a loss of millions of dollars to
the business men of our state. The
innocent suffer for the guilty. It
would be an interesting problem for
some accomplished mathematician
to figure up how much the existence
of the Pioneer Press has damaged
the state of Minnesota during the
last thirty years. The total would
be terrible. I. D.
Just as We Predicted.
The clouds are clearing away and
the issues becoming more clearly
drawn each day. There is room in
this country for only two great par
ties;—the party of the people and the
party of the plunderers. Read this:
“Topeka, Kan., Aug. 28.—The lat
est fusion deal in Kansas has created
a great deal of comment among all
classes of politicians. Saturday the
republican and democratic central
committees of Seward county met
and called a joint convention of the
two parties to meet at Liberal, Mon
day, Sept. 4, to elect a county ticket.
The call says that it is time for all
law-abiding people in Kansas to come
together on a broad and patriotic ba
sis and unite in solid phalanx against
the onward march of anarchy and
disorder that threaten to destroy the
credit and good name of Kansas and
hold her people up to the ridicule and
derision of the nation. These refer
ences are made against the populist
party that is endeavoring to capture
the heretofore republican counties of
western Kansas. Dispatches from
that section say that this democrat
ic-republican fusion will probably be
made in a score of counties.”
And why not! What difference is
there between the two old parties!
The tariff ? Ha ! Ha! Why go to the
expense of two separate organizations
representing the same principles ?
One will do!
Get the orange blossoms ready, and
let Rothschild pronounce the bless
ing. Put Tom Reed and Grover
Cleveland into the same cradle—let
them hug and cuddle—the sweet
In the mean time the police are
whacking the laboring men who are
crying for bread. “Down, nuncle
down!” Don’t disturb the marriage
festivities with your senseless howls.
Be quiet and die like gentlemen.
I. D.
The Two Dromios.
“Gov. Boies opened his lowa cam
paign at Grundy Centre, stating that
the tariff question should be elimin
ated from the present campaign.”
The democratic party without the
tariff is like the play of Hamlet with
the part of Hamlet left out, by re
quest. Upon what issue is Gov. Boies
running if the tariff is eliminated?
Is the democratic party a mere name
—a sham a remembrance? How
are we to tell the two Dromios apart?
Will democracy wear a blue nefcktie
and republicanism a purple one?
Tell us what the sham fight is all
about? I. D.
They Laugh at the Proofs of
Their Guilt.
Senator Dedon has been appointed
by Governor Nelson to visit the pine
regions and look after the pine
lands that have escaped taxation. It
will be remembered that our pine
land investigating committee of the
senate, of which Senator Kellar was
chairman, proved that millions of
dollars of property had been insuffi-
taxed or not taxed at all. We
have a good deal of faith in Senator
Dedon, and we hope he will add
enough to the state funds to pay for
two or three sessions of the legisla
In this connection we find Lieut.
Gov. C. N. Herried of South Dakota,
a republican, writing to the Leola
“We are approaching an era of in
vestigation. The collossal fortunes
of today have as a rule, directly or
indirectly, been built up by corrup
tion. The Minnesota legislature has
set an example which other states
might profitably follow. It has not
only laid bare before the country the
damnable operations of the Coal
Trust but it has shown up the meth
ods by which millions of dollars
worth of timber have been stolen
from the state. The following is
from the report of the committee.”
Here follow some long extracts from
our report. Gov. Herried then adds :
“One would naturally suppose that
such a revelation of rottenness would
create most violent sensations among
the outraged people, and alarm the
thieves; but not so. The Pioneer
Press interviewed the lumbermen
and says: ‘ They treat it jocularly in
fact; and at the meeting of the lum
bermen’s exchange yesterday after
noon each reference to the matter
called out shouts of laughter, because
it was said this was a matter of an
cient history. In a general way,
many of the facts and deductions of
the committee’s report have long
been common food for gossip among
thl initiated in Minneapolis, and it
is today a common lament with many
of the younger generation of lumber
men that the present day does not
give them the opportunities for do
ing business on the large margin of
profit that their fathers enjoyed in
Other days. They also lament their
lack of influence with the powers
that be and envy others their ‘pull’.’
Such moral depravity staggers a
person who would like to have confi
dence in human nature. We seem
to have reached a point where petty
larceny is punished;—a Jean Yaljean
is prosecuted for stealing a loaf of
bread for famishing orphans, but the
man who by perjury and bribery
steals millions goes scot free, is hon
ored and respected. In this case one
of the robbers, a congressman from
Minnesota [Loren Fletcher], had the
audacity to even abuse the legislature
tor making this investigation. Such
a man would steal the Lord’s Supper
from the sanctuary. Fine repre
sentative to guard the rights of the
people! In another state it is a no
torious fact that by plundering the
state of its pine lands a certain man
became a millionaire and then he
bought himself a seat in the United
States senate. Verily such corrup
tion, rampant everywhere, “seems
to evidence the rottenness of our
whole social condition.”
Think of it! It provokes “shouts
of laughter” from the lumbermen,
to prove, by sworn testimony, that
they had stolen millions of dollars
from the people of the state!! And
the Pioneer Press had no words of
rebuke for them!!!
“How long, Oh Lord, how long?”
I. D.
From Bad to Worse.
We do not want to print bad news.
If we did we could fill our page with
lamentations. We were called last
year “calamity howlers ” because we
prophecied the present conditions.
But now the whole world is howling.
The condition of the laboring people
is something terrible. It is with
them not a question of making mon
ey, but of avoiding starvation. The
reports from the mining regions of
Michigan, northern Wisconsin and
northeastern Minnesota are especial
ly deplorable. Hundreds and thous
ands are going back to Europe: oth
ers are moving into the woods, build
ing shanties, and depending on game
for food,— reverting to Indian condi
tions. The cities are opening soup,
houses. In Ishpeming they have act
ed sensibly,—the mayor has called a
*special election to authorize the issue
of bonds; the newspapers print the
ballots gratuitously, all the officers
act for nothing, so that the election
does not cost a cent; the wealthier
citizens cash the bonds, and the mon
ey will be used to employ the heads
of families until such time as the
mines re-open.
Even in Minnesota the letters we
receive from our farmers are most
distressing. God help the wretched
ness of the world! And may his
lightnings blast with death and
ruin the wretches who, for selfish
ends, have forced these miseries on
mankind. I. D.
“The Sham Fight.”
As soon as the democrats and re
publicans in the house had, by har
monious co-operation, succeeded in
passing the bill to demonetize silver,
Crisp, the persent democratic speak
er, and Reed, the former republican
speaker, got up a fierce battle about
the rules of the house, and banged
each other over the head with, abu
sive expletives, amid a great uproar.
Yesterday they were in each other’s
arms, hugging, with the Rothschilds’
approving smile surrounding them
like a halo. To-day they are clapper
clawing and cat-hauling each other
like a pair of tigers.
Why ?
To hold the fools in line.
“Ah,” says a jackassical democrat
down south, “ did qou see how Crisp
gave it to that black abolitionist,
Tom Reed ? ”
“ Look here,” says a republican pol
itician down in New England, “read
that! See how Tom Reed goes for
these blasted secessionists! Who
says the two old parties are one?
Hurrah for the bloody shirt and the
London Times! ”
What a gigantic farce! With the
nation for a stage, ten million fools
for the actors, and the angels weep
ing over the spectacle.
I. D.
The Vote on Silver.
The money-power has triumphed
in the house, and it will probably
triumph in the senate; and the work
commenced twenty years ago, by the
bankers of Europe, will be consum
mated; and the world placed on a
mono-metallic, gold basis. Silver
will fall still lower; gold will rise
still higher; the rich will be made
richer and the poor, poorer; every
form of property in the world will
steadily depreciate in price; and the
multitude will move steadily nearer,
and nearer to unendurable suffering
and bloody revolution.
For a time the money-power of the
continents will feel it incumbent
upon them to reverse the wheels of
contraction and produce an artifi
cial prosperity, and thus save the
two old parties from extinction.
But the question is whether distrust
has not so far depleted their treas
uries as to make it dangerous for
them to expand. The rigors of
winter are coming on, and nature
will fight againt a false confidence.
Already the conspirators are at work
trying to restore faith to the people.
We read:
Washington, Aug. 28.—Secretary
Carlisle has ordered that the United
States mints at Philadelphia and
San Francisco be fully manned and
the full capacity of both mints be
utilized in the coining of gold bul
lion. The treasury department pos
sesses from $85,000,0u0 to $90,000,000
of gold bullion which is a part of the
gold reserve of $100,000,000. Gkfld
bars cannot be used as currency, so
it has been decided, in the present
need, to coin the bullion on hand.
But how will this help things?
This is part of the reserve which
cannot be paid out. It will not in
crease the circulation. But it shows
how close the nation was to bank
ruptcy when the reserve was drawn
down to $90,000,000. It must have
taken nearly every gold dollar held
by the government. And why is it
now coined into dollars? Is it the
next step in the drama to have Wall
street present $100,000,000 of green
backs, or silver certificates, draw out
every dollar of gold, leave $200,000,-
000 of greenbacks without means of
redemption, and then compel con
gress to issue bonds to withraw the
greenbacks? Look out and see if
this is not what these devils are
cooking in their witches’ pot.
And how happy England is that
once more she has bought up Amer
ica’s congress. Read:
The London Morning post says
that the division in the house on the
question of repeal proves that the
greatest change has occured in
American opinion on the silver ques
tion, and that the democratic party
is practically commited for the repeal
of the purchase clause. How wel
come this change will he to business
men this side the Atlantic the re
cent action of the Bank of England
The London Daily News regards
the vote as a serious blow for bime
tallism dispersed throughout the
world and a great victory for common
sense and a single standard. It is
curious and fortunate, says the
News, that just as our currency
mongers are preaching the need of
a change the Americans have recov
ered their senses.
The London Times in a long lead
er on rhe silver vote in the house of
representatives, says: “The ap
proaching settlement of the silver
question upon the only sound basis
will without doubt remove at least
one of the causes of commercial de-
jpression in the United States, but
by no means the only obstacle to
prosperity. Fiscal blunders and un
sound speculations count for much,
but it is to be hoped that with the
silver incubus removed the Ameri
cans will see more clearly that other
measures are required to put bus
iness upon a sound basis.”
God help the country when its leg
islation pleases its enemies. And
note the London Times remarks
that the Americans have got to
make their action satisfactory to
England on other points!
Our ancestors revolted because
they would not let the English par
liament make their laws. Our de
generate race exults when England
governs us;—and six of Minnesota’s
seven members are tickled to death
to have the approval of that great
enemy of liberty everywhere,—the
London Times. j. d.
Here’s a Corporation That is Mak
ing a Stack of Money.
Chicago, Sept. 1. —Directors of
the Chicago City Railway Company,
at their regular quarterly meeting,
declared dividends on the stock that
constitute an aggregate almost un
paralleled in the history of dividend
paying enterprises. They ordered a
quarterly payment of 3 per cent, and
an extra dividend of 2 per cent,
both, of course, in cash. In addi
tion, they voted to distribute $4,500,-
000 in Alley L stock to stockholders
and also to divide among them
$3,000,000 of Alley L bonds. With
Alley L stock figured on a basis of
S7O a share, and the bonds of that
company estimated at SBB, the divi
dends declared amount to nearly S7O
a share.
And this illustrates the wisdom of
the view held by populists and the
labor associations generally, that all
such works as these should be owned
by the people of the municipality,
instead of by a corporation. If Chi
cago owned that road it could reduce
fares, to the great benefit of the la
boring classes; and the masses have
no interst in creating millionaires,
especially at the expense of the pro
ducers. A millionaire is a useless
and dangerous animal. As a rule
| the more he gathers the less sympa
thy he has with his fellow men.
I. D.
The Gold Clause.
The bankers are not willing to wait
for the repeal of the Sherman act.
They are taking things in their own
hands; —why not? They own the
country. Read the following:
New York, Sept. 8. —The monetary
situation is characterized by ease
and there is no difficulty in effecting
call loans. Money is loaning to-day
at 6 per cent for ninety days, with the
gold clause, and 6 per cent for six
months on high-class bonds. For
eign bankers are offering large sums
of money on time with the gold clause.
With a scarce supply of currency
the bankers are masters of the situa
tion. They can make all the debts
of the people payable in diamonds as
easily as in gold. There is no reme
dy but an abundant supply of paper
money, issued by the government di
rectly to the people without the in
tervention of banks; and in such
abundance as to cheapen money and
raise the price of commodities to the
old standards. Then mankind will
be triumphant. Now they are the
slaves of a conventional metal, made
great by prehistoric superstitions.
The world’s remedy is to cut loose
from the metallic basis altogether;
but as long as we must have one of
the precious metals we insist that we
should have both. But both are only
stepping stones to a greater and bet
ter day—mankind’s redemption from
the accident of mining supplies of in
trinsically valueless substances.
I. D.
“Direct Legislation” Legion of
Henning will meet in the school
house of district 117, town of Leaf
Lake, on Saturday Sept. 23 next at
4 o’clock p. m. As very important
matters will come before the meet
ing, it is desirable that all members
be present.
New members will be received.
A. P. Onsdorff, Adj.
J. O. Smith, Capt.
The Industrial Legion.
To the county committees of the several
counties in the 7th Cong. JDist.
A. R. Holston—who, by the way,
publishes a very able reform paper,
the Crookston Tribune,—writes us
that he intends to commence the or
ganization of the Industrial Legion
in the seventh congressional district
in all the counties south of Clay.
Mr. Holsten is the duly appointed
organizer for the seventh district
and we bespeak for him the co-opera
tion of all the friends of reform in
the district. It would greatly facili
tate the work if the county commit
tees in each of the several counties
would select a deputy organizer and
notify Mr. Holston of their action.

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