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SI.OO 1te a arl in advance. PATERNALISM. The St. Paul Globe’s Theory Illus> A Simple Government and Suicide. The St. Taul Globe said, the other day: “If Democracy stands for anything, it means the minimum of interference, by the state, with the individual: it de nies that theory of government which regards the aggregated power of the community as always properly used in taking care of some one or some class: it limits the state to the protection of the property of its citizens, and security for their “life, liberty and happi ness.'’ Paternalism means the ever increasing transmutation of the liber ties of the citizen into state power, to be used in promoting and l'ostenng and encouraging and protecting those individuals or interests or classes which may manipulate Congresses and Legislatures successfully, under pre tense of the public welfare.” Wouldn't it be well for the writer to move an amendment to that part of the constitution of the United States which declares that one of its main objects is “to promote the general wel fare f” Would it not be better for him to demand the abolition of the public school system—for a man can have “life, liberty and the pursuit of hap piness” without knowing A from “Izzard?” And may it not greatly in terfere with one man’s “happiness” to be compelled to pay taxes to educate another man’s children? Would it not be well for him to op pose the postal system, since tlie sav ages of Timbuctoo possess “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness,” after their fashion,, without knowing apost age stamp from an electric battery? In short, would it not be well for him, —we make the suggestion in all kindness. —to go out and hang himself, and thereby relieve the world of the burden of supporting at least one in consequential, unreasonable fool. Paternalism does not mean, as this man says, “transmuting the liberties of the people into state power,” but using state power to increase the liberties of the people,—and with their liberties increasing their “welfare” and happiness. If the Globe preaches true democ racy then the inhabitant of Dahomey is in an ideal democratic condition of pure government. The king trims the citizen's head off, or sells him into slavery, or robs him of all his posses sions; and there is no "paternalism;” in all the armory of their simple and charming government, to protect any of his rights—not one. There is no “protection of the individual,” which the Globe so strongly deprecates;—the individual is nowhere in that beauti ful land. Why does not the Globe re move there and enjoy the luxury of a simple, non-paternalistic govern ment? There are no Populists there. They are the fruit of a high civiliza tion. There are no schools; no post othces; no asylums for the deaf, dumb, blind and insane; no sanitary commis sions; no poor houses; no writ of habeas corpus", no public parks; no uni versities; no anything that goes to make up civilization, and which rep resents the paternalism, the fatherly love, of the government. In the same issue of the Globe in which this man put forth his non sensical views appeared two news arti cles. Here is the lirst: A ienna, May 13.—A sad affair oc curred here to-day. A poor widow, named Jerabek, had two children, a girl and a boy. aged eleven and nine years, respectively. The woman was compelled to work hard to support herself and her children, who were too young to give her any assistance. The children determined to kill them selves, and thus relieve her from their support. To-day they went to one of the bridges spanning the Danube and mounted the parapet. They then hastily embraced and kissed each oth er, and, clasping hands, jumped into the river. Before assistance could reach them their bodies were swept out of sight. A\ hen the mother re turned from her work she found her lodgings deserted. She began to look for the children, thinking they had gone into the streets to play. Not finding them, she returned to her home, when she found a note that she had overlooked, in which the children said that, as they were only a burden to her, they had decided to commit suicide. The widow is frantic because of the loss of her children, and it is feared that she will become incurably insane. Isn’t it a beautiful condition of things when the very children commit suicide to escape from the horrors that surround them? Docs not the Globe think that a little “paternal ism” would have been a good thing, to prevent such results? Or, is this an evidence of the beauties of a simple form of government, where the powers of the state are not used to improve the condition of the people, but they are allowed to scramble for life with out a helping hand being extended to them? And here is the other extract: New York, May 13.— The body of a man, supposed to be that of Anton Stamm, formerly one of the editors of the American edition of the Encyclo pedia Britannica, was found this morning hanging to a tree in Central Park on Vault hill, near the lake, op posite Seventy-second street. The body was taken to the Harlem morgue, where it awaits identification. A let ter was fouiid on the body dated Bible house, New York, Nov. 22,1891. from William 11. Dupuy, recommending the bearer, Trot. Anton Stamm, as a valu able -editorial assistant. The direc tory gives the address of Prof. Stamm as 320 East Twenty-second street and his occupation that of a teacher. The tenants in this house said to-night that nothing had been seen of the professor since this morning. lie oc cupied a small front room on the The Representative i trated. fourth floor. He did his own house work and no one was ever seen to call on him. None of his neighbors were on terms of intimacy with him. The suicide was apparently sixty years of age. He wore whiskers and had blue eyes. His clothing was neat and of good quality. Only 97 cents were found on the body. Among other things in the clothing were a pawn ticket and a sketch of some mechani cal contrivance. A magnifying glass and a bottle half filled with an odor less liquid were also found. The liquid is supposed to be oxalic acid. Up to midnight. Prof. Stamm had not returned to his room, and none of his neighbors had been to the morgue to to see if they could identify the body found in the park. What a pitiful story! A learned man, —one of the editors of the great est Encyclopedia in the world,—hangs himself, with 97 cents and a pawn ticket in his pocket! He died from too simple a form of government. The powers of the state were not used to promote the general welfare and keep him alive. Where is he now. Waiting for that St. Paul Globe writer to hang himself also, that when lie meets him in the here after he may pound some sense into his ghostly head. Paternalism! Why government is simply a machine, created by men, paid for by men, for the enrichment and prosperity of men. That is all there is to it. The conglomerate man, called the state, has the right to reach into everything to prevent oppression, injustice, cruelty, and robbery. And the man who says no, is either a natural fool, or he is paid to perpetuate the oppression, injustice, cruelty and rob bery. Government will never do its whole duty until there is not a darkened mind, a hopeless soul, a bare back, an empty stomach, a homeless head or a hungry pauper in the whole wide worid. I.D. WOLF BOUNTIES. A Premium on Usurers’ Scalps. Montevideo, Minn., May B.—At the tax judgment sale of delinquent taxes so little land was bought by in vestors, and the tax payment is so small, that the county oflicers find it a problem to meet current expenses. The county auditor has issued war rants for wolf scalps to three different parties, in the aggregate of SBS. Now why wouldn’t it be a good plan to offer premiums for the scalps of usurers? Make it $lO9 a scalp, and how rapidly the mortgages would be wiped out in the western half of Min nesota! Why not? They do ten times as much harm as the four-footed beasts. The latter kill a sheep occa sionally, but oh Lord! Look at the hundreds of thousands of acres that have been made desolate; the hun dreds of thousands of homes that have been wrecked; the hundreds of thous ands of men, women and children that have been turned out to tramp the roads, by the fellows who have been charging twenty, forty, and one hun dred and twenty per cent per annum. Hut some one will say,—“True; but the usurers never killed any one. They handle no pistols or rifles.” So much the worse. If they took to shooting their victims would have a chance to shoot back. But as it is they are sheltered behind the thick, high walls of civilization and Chris tianity; and the plundered people pay the expense of maintaining the ma chinery, of law and order, for the de fense of the plunderers. Let me tell you a little story. A scientist took two live rabbits, and put them in separate cages. lie broke the leg of one rabbit; the other he left unhurt, but tied a rattle snake in one corner of the cage, but so that it could not reach the rabbit. lie put food in each cage. He returned the next morning. The rabbit with the broken leg had devoured all the food in its cage;—the other had not touch ed a mouthful. Moral:—mental suffering is much more terrible than physical. Ergo:— the honest man who is robbed of his home, and sees his life shattered, and his wife and children beggared, suffer ing tenfold more than the victim of a highwayman’s bullet, who, with a few minutes of pain, is ushered into eter nity. Tb.en are all money-lenders murder ers? Not by any means. While the practice of taking compensation for the use of money may be, on the whole, detrimental to the community, the man who keeps within the limit fixed by law may be an honest man and a benefactor to his customers. But when the law fixes the interest at a given sum and the lender takes three, four, ten times more, he is extortiug from his neighbors neces sities what he knows that neighbor cannot pay without ruin, and he is violating the law just as much as the common thief or robber. If there is no hell one ought to be at once es tablished for such fellows;—not an eternal hell but one long enough in duration to inflict ten pangs of agony for every one they caused the poor wretches to suffer whom they destroyed. I. D. Explained. A writer for that excellent paper, The Union, of Minneapolis, (every workman in Minnesota should have a copy,) asks why the State Peoples Par ty Convention was not called for July 4tli instead of July 10th. We would say that that was thoroughly discussed by the State Central Committee, and the general opinion was that there would be a great many local celebra tions of the 4tli, and that fact would keep hundreds away from the conven tion. The 10th is the best day we could have selected. I. D. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., WEDNESDAY, MAY 23, 1894. A PROPOSED FUSION Owen for Governor and a Demo crat for U. S. Senator. In the Minneapolis Tribune of May 18tli, we find the following: “Senators La Due and Leavitt, two of the leading Democrats of the last Legislature, are at the Nicollet. Both gentlemen were outspoken in their ex pressions of dissatisfaction with the action of Congress on the tariff bill and with the results that have so far come from this administration. They both placed themselves on record as approv ing the address recently issued by the Democratic association, and charac terized Senators Hill, Gorman and Brice as traitors to the Democracy, and Republicans in disguise. Senator La Due was asked what his opinion of the report that the Demo crats and Populists in this state were to fuse, was. He partially committed himself to the idea, but expressed the opinion that unless the present Con gress awoke and fulfilled the promises upon which it was elected, the Repub licans would win, fusion or no fusion. The senator thiks that if the Popu lists can be induced to discard the sub treasury and government ownership of railroads planks in their platform there will be but little difference be tween the two parties. He is in favor of fusion on the legislative tickets, but thought that if Owen should be nominated for governor and should be indorsed by the democrats, that Don nelly could not be expected to be sup ported for senator, and that office should go to a Democrat, but to whom he would not venture to say.” We desire it distinctly understood that we are not a candidate for United States Senator, or anything else; and although the influence of Mr. Owen was used, at our last Alliance State convention, to help Fish in his effort to humiliate and disgrace us, we will nevertheless loyally support him for governor, if he is the nominee of the Peoples Party, not for his own sake, but for the sake of the party and its great principles, and the expected benefits to mankind. But if any such game, as is foreshadowed by Senator La Due, is to be carried out, and we are to send some rock-ribbed democrat to the United States Senate, as the price of democratic support for Mr. Owen, then we desire to be “counted out.” That would be “fusion” of the wort kind, and would cost us more votes than it would bring us. Many democrats are foolishly claiming that Mr. Owen is, at heart, one of them selves; —we don’t believe any such story; but if there is any truth in it then a victory, on the lines indicated by Senator La Due, would mean a gi gantic Populist upheaval to elect a full-blooded democrat to the United States Senate, and a brevet-democrat to the governorship. As Artemus Ward said, that would be “too much,— too much!” We had better “keep in the middle of the road.” There is a proverb—“he that sups with the devil hath need of a long spoon;” and any Populist who goes to trading with the democrats will be sure to be eucliered by those astute gentlemen. They are too smart for common farmers. If the democrats of Minnesota should imitate their brethren of North Dakota, Kansas, etc., and, —as a choice of evils,—en dorse our whole state ticket, without terms or conditions, preferring it to a republican success, that would be a different matter, to be considered by our people; but to come to us for a trade, and say, “we will give you Owen for governor if you will give us Flandrau for Senator,” would burst us into a thousand fragments. We are gaining every day while the democrats are losing. That very bril liant and able democratic congress man from Nebraska, Hon. W. J. Bryan, has just written a letter de clining to be the democratic candidate for Congress, for re-election, in his district: and in his letter he says: “If the president's financial policy becomes the policy of the party, 7do not sc 3 any reason for the continued exist ence of the party, because the Republi cans having followed that folicy long er, arc better prepared than we to sup port it. On the other hand if the party repudiates Mr. Cleveland’s finan cial policy and renews its devotion to the common people, it may yet become an effective insrument in the securing of good government.” That’s the “nub” of the whole case. There is no difference between the democratic and republican policies, and no reason for keeping both parties alive. Let the liberty-loving demo crats come in and help us carry the state and the nation; let the aristo cratic wing unite in name, as they have already united in heart, with the republicans. Stand firm, brethern. Don’t desert your flag and your guns just as the sun of victory illuminates the eastern sky. Say to the men who want you to trade away your birth-right for a mess of pottage,—“Get thee behind me, Satan.” I. D. Where the Blame Is. Congressman Boen has introduced a bill appropriating SIO,OOO for a survey of the Bed river. That is the last that will be heard of it, providing it goes like the rest of the bills introduced by Mr. Boen.—Crookston Times. But the old-party Congressmen don’t even introduce the bills. Boen is to be credited with good intentions, at least. The other chaps are asleep. Wake ’em up on election day. Boen is like the colored preacher. Said he:—“lf de Lord says to Sambo,— ‘Sambo run yer head froo dat stone wall’,—Sambo’s going tatry. Wedder Sambo goes «t de wall ’longs to Sambo; —wedder he goes froo de wall ’longs to de Lord.” And so Boen goes at the wall. He introduces his bills and the old-party Congress kills them. Turning the Guns the Wrong Way It will be remembered that the Rep resentative abuses no one in the Populist ranks, —and scarcely any one out of them. If it cannot speak well of a man it is silent. We ask for our self, no office;—simply the privilege of working for the cause, and helping others. If now, under these circum stances, a professed People’s Party pa per, without the slightest provocation on our part, goes out of its way to at tack us, impugns our motives and strives to lessen our influence, there is only one explanation: —it is paid by the enemy. The corruptionists know they cannot buy us; and they know we are doing a tremendous work for reform; and nothing is more natural, there fore, (Fish being practically dead and buried—lost to sight, to memory dear, —rotten but not forgotten,)—than to hire some small-potato editors,—little Fishes so to speak,—in our own ranks, to nibble at us, in their respective lo calities. It is in this way we explain the assaults of a feeble, little thing, in Fergus Falls, called “The Globe;” a very pretentious name, by the way, for a very small part of the earth,—we might say for a mere fly-speck. We felt a good deal, —when some one called our attention to its attacks— like the old farmer in Arkansas, when an eastern dude drew a diminutive pistol on him. “Mister,” said he, “if you shot me with that ar thing, and I found it out, I'd lick you.” Behave yourself, fly-speck, and let us have peace in the family. If you have any brains apply them against the common enemy. In the meantime, let the Populists of Otter Tail county, keep a sharp eye on the editor of the “Globe.” Take him up by the hind legs tenderly, and shake him lively, and you will hear the money jingle in his breeches’ pockets. The most dangerous fellows in an army are the scoundrels who, in the midst of the fight, shoot their ow> ofli cers in the back. We have got some of that breed of scamps in the People’s party, in Minnesota: and we propose to treat them to drum-head court-mar tials just as fast as we.can lay hands on them. I.D. Interesting.—An Ethnological Ques- Mr. Nelson O. Foss, editor of the Ortonville Headlight, is a learned Scandinavian; he has been writing some very interesting articles, recent ly, about the pre-Columbian discover ies of America, by the Norwegians and others. In his last ls?:ue lie has open ed up a very interesting subject of discussion, to wit, the relationship of the ancient Northmen to the Irish Scotch and English races. He says: “It will be seen by an article in this issue, that the Hon. P. D. O’Phelan is doing good work for the “Irish cause.” His remark: “the most historic race in Europe,” is full of truth, for many reasons. It is fast coming to light that in Northern Europe was the cradle of the White race, and that our forefathers plodded on the shores and in the forests bordering on the Baltic and the North seas numerous thous ands of years before the foot of a White man ever .trod the soil of Greece or Rome or Hindustan. It Is now established that the Greeks and Romans and Aryan Hindus came from the North—and they were the child ren of our forefathers, v*ho had in habited the sea coasts of North Europe at least eight thousand years in the past—and perhaps even fifty thousand. The earliest tribal names we have of the White race are pre served in the North as nowhere else. An able leader of a tribe in those re motely past days had borne the name of Ari. The tribal name of his people has come down to us as Arii or Aryans. The name is preserved in Ari, in Ice land; Rian, in Iceland; Ryan, in Ire land; and Riar, in the Scandidavian countries. A leader of another tribe had borne the name of Iver, and his tribe Ivernians. This name is pre served in Iver in the Scandinavian countries, in Mclver in Ireland, and Iroquis in America. Still another leader in the equally remote past, must have borne a name something like Gute—and his tribe became a most powerful one, and sent out branches under the various names of Gutes, Jutes, Gutir, Guthones, Goths, Goutlioi Greekoi, Goidels, Gaels, Gauls, Galli, Getae, Celta*, Cimrii, Kymri,—and to far off India they came Gottama, Guptas, Jets, or Juts,—yet preserved in Rajput, it is claimed. In Norway the name is well preserved in Gute and Gauti. The name of their country at the earliest dawn of his tory appears to have been Scanthia— Scythia of the Greeks—corrupted into Scandia, Scandinavia. The oldest reiics of the race are entirely of the same nature on all the coasts of the Baltic and North sehs. Many words are entirely the sau»o in Old Irish and Old Norse—for instance, the first (the oldest) numeral is “oiir” in both lan guages. That the other European na tions came from the North, is of such recent history as to be unnecessary to mention here. No other part of the globe can maintain it. Each part of earth can only evolvd its own kind.” We hope Mr. Foss will pursue this subject, The real science of ethonol ogy is yet to be constructed. I. D. A Merciful Providence. “It is about time for the alarmists to get their storiesof the depredations of the grasshopper, the chinch-bug and the weavil into shape. It will not do to to let tlie season pass without the complete destruction of the crops by one or all of these pests.—St. Paul Globe. Why, brother Hall, where are you at? Isn’t it enough, for the country to endure the republican and democratic parties, the United States Senate, Cleveland and Ben Harrison and the A. P. A., and the St. Paul Globe, with out invoking the grasshopper and the weavil? Isn’tcur cup of affliction al ready pretty nearly full. Be reason able. IT. P. Have mercy upon us. I. D. -*v A POINTER. tion THE CAUSE PROSPERING. The People’s Party Growing, < Along the Line.—Ditto the ' Alliance. The large correspondence we h* r with all parts of the state, tells ev ~ = where the same story. The voters 5 flocking into the Populist camp by - tens of thousands; and the slumbering* Alliance is waking up like a drugged giant from deep sleep. Our excellent and energetic friend, D. Couglilan of Rose Creek, .Mower county, who has sent us in such a huge list of sub serbers for the Representative, writes us, suggesting that the chair man of the State Central Committe of the Peoples Party, Mr. T. J. Meiglien, should name a day for holding all the county conventions, so as to prevent sharp fellows taking “snap judg ments” on the farmers, by short calls: and thus packing conventions, and forcing men on to the ticket whom the people cannot support; and he adds: “I think the People’s Party is gain ing strength very rapidly in this local ity. I think it would be safe to say that we trill poll six votes in the next elec tion for every one we polled in the last.” Part of this is probably due to the public spirit of Mr. Coughlan, in se curing the entrance of the Represen tative into so many homes, in that vicinity. Push the Representative and you will have the state. But from everywhere the same reports reach us. Mr. Coughlan promises that as soon as seeding is over he will take hold and help reorganize the Alliances of Mower county. Good! The fact is the Alliances in that county have been, for some years past, deader than they were in any other part of the state. There were many reasons for this, which it is not worth while to discuss now. Let all true friends of reform get together; and give old Mower once more the prominent place in Alliance work which she once occupied. AVe want the sound, sensible, well-to-do farmers of southern Minnesota, to come in and help us make the Grain Growers Convention and Association a great success. I do not mean to say that our frontier and northwestern farmers are not also “sound and sen sible,” but they are more radical, and we want the “old level-heads” to hold the enthusiasts in check. And to push the Grain' Growers Association we need a' big revival of the Farmers Alli ance; for that must be safe foundation to stand on. The truth is, brethren, we are get ting the Fish-poison out of the blood of Reform in Minnesota. AVe passed through an awful ordeal in 1892 and 1893, and the wortder is that every ef fort for the protection of the people did not perish utterly. Our enemies thought we were dead beyond resur rection; they had bought our doctor, and he had fed us arsenic and strych nia instead of good food and healing medicine. Now, thank God, we are all united. Faction is at an end. The Alliance newspaper touched the corpse of Reform and it sprang to its feet. Let us all take hold and pull and work together like a band of brothers. As soon as seeding is over let all hands set to work in a grand general revival; —let D. Coughlan, 11. Y. Poore, A. 11. Hendrickson. L. C. Long, Eric Olson. O. 11. Page, R. J . Hall, T. C. Hodgson, J. I. Yermilya, C. 11. Johnson, Jno. A. Keyes, T. Strickland Fisk, C. N. Per kins, C. F. Bohall, J. 'J. Mooney, Gil bert Fish, J. T. Plant, J. Q. Cronkhite, A. R. Holston, A. D. Stewart, J. 11. Lackey, A. Wall, A. Yan llemert, Henry Plowman, 11. L. Burgess, 11. P. Bjorge, Seth Bottomley, AA r m. Shenton, C. V. Metcalf, Edward Larsen, Tlios. P. Kerr, E. E. Lommen, O. G. Lyman and all the rest of our long list of speakers and organizers start out; let them challenge republicans and demo crats to meet them in debate; and make things red hot, generally, with their discussions of the Omaha plat form and kindred subjects. Let them organize Industrial Legions or Peoples Party clubs; stir up the local alliances: talk up the Stillwater twine, and the Grain Growers Association; and ar range for a full attendance at our great State Conventions. Push the work, brethren, all along the line:— and everywhere obtain subscribers for the Representative. That is the central point of the fortification. A Nice Foot-Bath A Plutocratic relic of the past is the following startling information, fur nished by the Cloud City News: “Up till the French revolution a noble had the right to ira rm his feet in the intestines of not more than two serfs, killed for the special purpose, after he returned from the hunt.” Cleveland will be demanding two Colorado serfs shortly, to warm his pedal extremities on his return from his regular visit to Hog Island.—Den ver Col. Road. Ye, who tliink the present aggres sions, on the rights of a free people, will stop of their own accord, read the above historical fact, and learn that man’s oppression of his fellow man has no limit but the submission of the wretched victim. In that same France if a noble killed a serf the punish ment, (if there was any), was a small tine; but if the peasant killed a game bird the penalty was death! Is it any wonder that when the serfs rose they went to chopping otf the heads of the aristocracy, and of the recreant priests, who had stood by without pro test and witnessed these horrible in justices? Shall Minnesota be put back into the condition of France before the Reign of Terror? How will you an swer that question at the ballot box? I. D. THE TARIFF EXPLODED. More Evidence That the “Sham Fight” is Over. On May 9tli there was a lively scene in the United States Senate, which shows that the great Tariff issue is practically exploded. Listen to this: After some further running debate Mr. Aldrich got the floor and succeed ed in arousing Mr. Mills. He began by referring to his assertion, in the senate ten days ago, that over three hundred amendments would be brought in. He knew then that his statement was true. Yet it had been met with the most tumultous denials from every one in authority'onthe oth er side. His statement as to the amendments had been too conserva tive. He had understated the radical character and the number of changes made. Those amendments deliberately abandoned every principle ever advocated by a Tariff Refonner. They made increases from ten TO THREE HUNDRED PER CENT, and with a grand sweep changed the duties from ad valorem to specific. He read extracts from the speeches of Senators Yoorliees and Mills, made at the open ing and closing of the general debate, denouncing in the most severe terms the system of specific duties. To swal low that bill, as now modified, would mean a surrender of the principles of a life time. After this he said he did not think there was a single senator, on the other side, who would have the temerity to avow his allegiance to the Chicago platform. They could do nothing now but remain silent. Not one of them could vote for it without stultifying himself in view of his par ty platform. “For as you understand the plat form,” suggested Mr. Palmer. “The platform condemns Republi can protection as unconstitutional and a fraud and robbery,” said Mr. Aldrich. “Yes,” interjected Mr. Vest, “it condemns Republican protection. “Is there any difference?” asked Mr. Aldrich, sarcastically, "between liepub licananel Democratic protection?” “A great deal,” replied Mr. A r est. Mr. Mills of Texas evidently did not think so. He arose at this point. The shafts of the Rhode Island senator had evidently gone home, and he was laboring under some excitement. He wanted to repel the idea that he was in any way responsible for what Mr. Aldrich had termed the Democratic surrender. A few days ago, lie began, he had described his own position as bc tveeen the devil and the deep sea , the Mc- Kinley bill being the devil. Since that time a change had come over the situ ation. He was nearer the devil and had not as much sea room as before. (Laughter.) He now found that the bill before the senate, as modified by the amendment introduced, had no re semblance to the Wilson bill. It ought, he said, to bear the name of Mr. Gorman or Mr. Brice. No man could torture him into an admission that this bill was a response to democratic pledges. He said that taxation should not be levied on value; that it was the only just system; that taxation should not be imposed as under the specific sys tem of the McKinley bill, so that the goods of the rich would escape with the same tax as was levied upon the cheaper articles of the poor. There he had stood, and tliere would continue to stand. He rose to say that he did not intend to vote for a single one of the amendments carrying a change to specific duties. It was humiliating enough to have to endorse the system of robbery contained in the McKinley bill without bowing down in mortifica tion to accept the very badges of pro tection. The first amendment made the surrender. It was continued throughout the bill, until it was now a e/uestion between the McKinley bill and a Democratic system of protection, with very little margin in favor of the Democratic measure .” The truth is that the democratic party is being ship-wrecked on the sec tional idea. Genl. Hancock was right when he said the tariff was a local issue, al though the remark cost him then the presidency. He might* if alive, go far ther, and say that every question in American politics to-day was a local question. This is the reason that the democrats cannot hold their forces in line; this is the reason the republi cans are driven to play into the hands of AVall Street, or leave the party; this is the reason the Populist organiza tion has risen from the ranks of the multitude. Cunning selfishness has enriched the East at the expense of the A\ T est, and they have no idea of politics except the perpetuation of their advantages. Stupid partisan ship has reduced the AA’est to poverty, and now they are getting their eyes open, and demand fair play, and an equal share in the blessings of the Union. I. D. I. D. As to the State Convention Crookston Tribune: The state con vention is to be held the 10th of July. By the way, the representation to the state convention is too large and con sequently unfair to the northern part of the state. It is not right for the northern part of the state to be de prived of their just rights in the con vention by making the representation so large that we can't aiford to take all our delegates down, thus allow ing the part of the state casting the small end of the vote to run the con vention. regardless of the northern part of the state where the largest Peo ples Party vote was cast. This wrong can be partially righted by allowing the delegates present to cast the full vote of their county. This will give Polk about 68 votes in the convention. There is no doubt that the State Convention will permit any bona lide delegation, present from a county, to cast the vote of that county. All that will be asked is fair play and no old party tricks. I. D. So It Goes A new subscriber from West Duluth writes us: “I have all my life been a democrat, but I am now satisfied that no relief, for the distressed millionsof our coun try, can be obtained from that party; and I am studying up the principles of the Populist party with a view to cast ing in my fortunes with it. There are quite a number here who feel as I do. They are waiting to decide.” VOL. 11. no. 4. WHOLE NO. 56. C2T' Remember. .JgJ Remember that the time of all those who began their subscription with No. 1 of Yol. 1, has expired. We hope they will promptly renew. ' We don’t want to lose them out of our great family of readers. It will pain us to have to strike them off our list. It will be like one going out of our household. Remember that just now we have many and large expen ditures. We have given you a good paper in the past, and wc promise that it shall be still better in the fu ture? You cannot a£ord to do without it. Out of personal regard we have let some friends over-run their time. Be kind enough to send in your re mittances at once. We n< cd them. If any.subscriber cannot just now spare a dollar for his renewal, let him send in fifty cents, or even twenty five cents; and so keep his account straight on our books. Remember that the greatest cam paign ever fought in Minnesota and the United States, is now opening. \ou have got to know what is going on in the world, or you might as well be dead. If you are short of funds to renew sally out among your neighbors and get us four new subscribers, and send us one dollar for each of them, and we will credit another dollar on your subscription account, as a com mission for your services:. and this will renew your subscription for an other year. The Sham Fight “When the Democrats in the senate sought to raise tlie protection on tan nic acid from 35per cent t 075 percent, the Republican senators demurred and said that 60 per cent was high enough protection for the protec tionist party. And so the Democratic committee which stands on the Chica go platform doctrine, that protection Is unconstitutional and robbery, had to be contented w itli only 00 per cent protection for its tannic acid clients.” —Minneapolis Tribune. IWlly Plutocracy will have to put a mark oir their democratic tools differ ent from that used on the republican ones, or there will be no telling them apart. These babies are becoming in extricably mixed. And here is another item: “W r hen the Democratic tariff blun derers got through, with the cotton schedule, they found to their conster nation that the protection on cotton manufacturers in the senate bill was higher than in the McKinley bill. WTiy don’t these “loonies” step aside and let the job to some one who knows the tariff from a turnip?” But all this will not prevent the scamps from reviving the sham fight again, the democrats as “free traders,” (God save the mark!) and the republi cans as protectionists; and hundreds of thousands, yea millions, of fools, will fire blank cartridges at each other for a year or two. Oh, Lord! Lord! Why did you make so many idiots? And, if you had to make them, why don’t you kill them off? I. D. That’s the Point. The state elevator law received its final quietus last Friday, when Judge Mitchell of the supreme court decided the law was unconstitutional, because it provides for the carrying on of the business of handlingandstoring grain, which the constitution forbids in sec tion 5, article 6, which provides that “the state shall never con tractany debt for works of internal improvements, or be a party to carrying on such works.” The whole pro ject may now be con sidered as having fallen through, and the big wheat dealers are happy, as they see possible opposition to their business knocked out by the highest court in the slate. —Litchfield Independent. Brethren, let us all rally, next fall, to wipe out that Supreme Court, at the ballot box. Two of the men who made that decision will be on hand asking for your suffrages. Roll up your sleeves and go for them. Let the battle-cries be,—Free Silver and no Court-made-legislation! Elect a Legislature that will, If necessary, abolish the whole court; and restore the right to make the laws to the people of the state. We have had enough of lawyer-govcmment in the interest of the corporations. I. D. Nonsense. “Wheat is low because there is over production; wages arc low because there are two men chasing every job; two jobs for every man would make high wages. Under the Republican tariff there has been an overproduc tion in every department and the re sult is, nothing now to do and distress on every hand.” So spoke, Judge Flandrau, at a democratic meeting, in St. Paul, the other day. Why did not the Judge put it this way? “Millions cannot get anything to eat because too much wheat has been raised. There is too much bread be cause there are too many stomachs. It is the empty stomaciis that cause the over-production of wheat. If you would kill oft ten million workmen then there would be an increased de mand for bread and wheat. Of course there would!” And all this shows that a man can be an ex-judge, and a lawyer, and a leader of the plutocratic wing of the democratic party, and yet talk infernal nonsense. I - B. If congress has the right under the con tition to issue paper money, it was given there to be used tpr themselves, not to b« delegated to individuals or corporations.-* Andrew Jackson.