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* ———— ——— 1 _ VOL. 111. NO. 9. WHOLE NO. 113. GRIP OF PROPOLT. ▲ UNITED STATES SENATORIAL INVESTIGATING COMMIT TEE SHOWS The Tremendous and Far-Reaching Power of the Western Union Telegraph Company, Over the Commercial and Financial Destinies of Seventy Millions of People of the United States. INDEPENDENT NEWS BUREAUS CRUSHED BY THE MON OPOLY. Enormous Public Burdens Because of Watered Western Union Stock. Cenorship Over the Press—Double Charges For Independent Papers. Even the railroad compan ies IN THE GRIP OF THE WESTERN UNION. (The New York Voice.j For the last ten years, the senator ial investigation into the affairs of the Western Union Telegraph Com pany, conducted by the committee on post-offices and post-roads in 1884, has been authoritative for Congressional debating purposes. The members of that committee were: Messrs. N. P. Hill, of Colorado; Philetus Sawyer, Wisconsin; William Malione, Virginia; Thomas W. Palmer, Michigan; James F. Wilson, Iowa; S. B. Maxey, Texas; Eli Saulsbury, Dela ware; James B, Groome, Maryland, and Howell E. Jackson, Tennessee, now of the United States Supreme Court. The committee was instructed to Inquire whether the cost of tele graphic correspondence between the several states or with foreign coun tries had been in juriously affected by the large stock dividends made by the Western Union Telegraph Company, .ts'consolidation ol companies, by contracts with--cablet companies, .by leasing lines, etc. The report gives the following financial history of the Western Union: SENATE INVESTIGATING COMMITTEE’S REPORT. “In 1863 its stock capital was only $3,000,000, and even of that amount, small as it seems in comparison with the present capital stock of $80,000,- 000, it is quite certain that at least five-sixths consisted of what is known in stock manipulations as “water.” The original line of the Western Union was from New York to Louisville via Buffalo, Cleveland, and Cincinnati, and was constructed at a cost of about $150,000. It early acquired by purchase, at very low rates, the prop erty of embarrassed Western tele graph companies owning lines from Buffalo to Milwaukee and from Cleve land .to Cincinnati, and built a line from Pittsburgh to Philadelphia, but even then its actual cash investment is affirmed by those who have care fully investigated the subject not to have exceeded $300,000. STOCK DIVIDENDS THRICE DOUBLED WESTERN UNION PROPERTY. “In 1863 the stock property was doubled by a stock dividend, and dur ing 1863-64, $5,000,000 was added to represent extensions and purchases of new lines paid for in stock. The capital, being thus swollen to $11,000,- 000, was in 1864 doubled by a stock dividend and thereby made $22,000,000. “The year 1866 was a memorable one for new consolidations, the stock capi tal having then been increased to $41,- 000,000 by the issue of $19,000,000 of new stock. Since 1866 the stock capi tal has been carried up to its present amount of $80,000,000, partly by the is sue of stock for the purchase of new lines, but mainly by the three follow ing stock dividends: In 1879, $5,960,- 600; 1881, $15,526,590 and $4,320,000; total $25,807,190. It is not necessary to comment upon stock dividends, the nature and effect of which are well understood. In respect to the issues of stock for purchases of other lines, the prices paid have no relation either to the cost or to the earning capacity of the property. The purchases were influenced, in some cases, by the de sire to get rid of competition, and in others by the fact that the persons controlling the management of the Western Union had large interests in the property purchased. In pur chases prompted by the latter motive, the higher the prices which were paid the greater were the gains of individ uals in the control of the Western Union. HOW A GREAVT MONOPOLY GREW. “In 1881 the Western Union paid $15,000,000 of its stock for the stock and bonds of the American Union Telegraph Company, and $4,080,000 of its stock lor all of the stock which it did not already own of the Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph Company. From a comparison of the annual re ports of the Western Union it appears that the addition to its property was greater in 1881, when these purchases were made, by only 3,975 miles of poles, 46,171 miles of wire, and 329 of fices. This excess of addition to the equipment in 1881 seems to be a toler ably correct measure of the tangible property which the Western Union acquired by issuing $19,080,000 of stock la 1861; and if it a, the actual cost value of the property must have been about $3,231,970, on the estimated cost of constructing telegraph lines per mile of wire at S7O. The purchases of new lines made in 1881 did not cause any accession to the business of the Western Union, inasmuch as the sub sequent increase in the number of messages was no greater than the normal growth without the addition of new lines. ENORMOUS CASH AS WELL AS STOCK DIVIDENDS. “It is evident,without pursuing this branch of the subject further, that 1 the price which the Western Union paid in its stock for competing lines was vastly in excess of either the cost or earning capacity of the property acquired. “It was claimed before the commit tee by the president of the Western Union that it had from time to time expended out of its current earnings considerable money on construction account; that is to say, in addition to its lines and equipments, over and above their maihtenance. This may be true to some extent, but canno.t be true to the extent of justifying'the enormous stock dividends which the (Continned on Page Five.) > f\ RICH ROAST. One Is Giyen the Factories of Wis consin By a Government In spector, Milwaukee Bottling Works are De clared to Be Merely Prostitu tion Factories* THE CONDITION AT OSHKOSH. Factory Inspection of the State Is Said 'to Be a Howling Farce— The Number of Children Em ployed Is Something Awful. THE TERRIBLE PICTURE PRE SENTED. (From the St. Paul Dispatch Rep.) Ethelbert Stewart, special agent of the United States Labor Department at Washington, spent the morning in the office of Labor Commissioner Powers. -Mr. Stewart is engaged in looking ud labor strikes from 1887 down to and including the A. R. U. strike of last summer. In looking up these matters, he also sees a good deal of the general condition of labor in the states he visits and Wisconsin is given the worst record of any. “You talk about the sweat shops and holes in the big citities of the East, but I have seen places over in villages of Wisconsin that are just as bad in every particular. Places where the ventilation is miserable and the sanitary conditions of the very worst. I was amazed in the first place to learn of the immense number and variety of factories in Wisconsin. They had every kind of factory of which I know anything; and the num ber of children employed is something wonderful. In the town of Oshkosh they had more children employed in proportion to the population than in any city I have visited in the East or South, and in many factories the con dition is simply awful. The match factories were the worst, and partic ularly those of the Diamond Match company, which controls all the fac tories worth mentioning in the country. “The children are crowded into poorly ventilated and unsanitary rooms, and the long and short of it is their lives are coined into dividends for the companies that employ them. “Then come the cotton mills, where they employ little children and compel them to work eleven hours a day—-a custom which has been abolished years ago in every other community. The factory inspection law of that state is a howling farce. The factory inspector visits a factory once in two years. He passes through the rooms, and if he finds a child who admits that he is under 14 years of age, he orders him discharged, and it i 9 done. In a day or two the inspector leaves the town, and the child goes back to work, so he loses two days in two years because he is under the age at which the law allows him to work in these factories. “Then take some of the big furni ture factories like that 6f the Payne Lumber company and other concerns, —the inspector walks in through the front office and announces himself, and immediately every little kid is hidden away in the lumber piles until the inspector has gone, when they go out and resume work. The alleged attempts at enforcing the law are the merest baby work. “At the big bottling works in Mil waukee, they have 900 boys and girls ranging in age from 11 to 19 years of age employed, and that is the tough est sight of all, for trie roughness comes right out on the surface. The children are employed at bottling beer, and there is no limit to trie amount they are allowed to drink. The language the boys and girls use in shouting at each other, and the familiarity between the sexes shows that these are merely prostitution fac tories and nothing more or less. “To talk about virtue aud purity in such a place is simply silly. “The match factories are just as bad, though, of course, the employes are not half drunk all the time, and not so much of the rottenness appears on the surface. They do not use the rough language that one hears con stantly in the bottling works.” “I aim to get both sides of a story when a complaint is made—that of the employer as well as the employe— and, besides, I make some personal observation, and the conditions were worse in the Wisconsin factories than anywhere else I have been.” Mr. Stewart will conclude his work iQ Minnesota. "SPEAK TO THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL THAT THEY GO FORWARD.' MINNEAPOLIS. MINN.. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 26, 1895. HORRIBLE! The Closing Hours of the Republi can Legislature of Illinois. ATTEMPT OF CORPORATIONS TO OYER-RIDE GOV. ALTGELD’S VETOES. Corruption, Rottenness, Drunken ness, Trickery and Violation of Law—The Speaker a Party to It. IS POPULAR GOVERNMENT POS SIBLE UNDER SUCH CONDI TIONS? (From the Chicago Times-Herald Rep.). If the honest, law-abiding people of Illinois could have been present in Springfield to witness the extraordin ary proceedings during the closing hours of the thirty-ninth general as sembly they would have been led seri ously to doubt whether there exists in this state a Republican form of gov ernment, such as the fathers con templated. They would have seen the senate ruthlessly overriding the gov ernor’s veto in order to pass measures wholly in the interest of corporation monopoly and subversive of the rights of the people. They would have seen an insolent majority in the house, aid ed by the speaker, endeavoring to imi tate the action of the senate. The bills under consideration were the street car and elevated railroad bills, introduced by Senator Crawford. These measures were intended to give to the street "car and elevated railway companies in Chicago an indefinite lease of power, and to permit them to consolidate their interests at will. They were passed originally by a con stitutional majority in both houses, and were only prevented from becom ing laws by the interposition of the executive voto. Governor Altgeld re turned these messages to the general assembly without his approval some three weeks before the date of final adjournment. Under the constitu tion the vote should have been taken at once in the senate,where the bills originated, upon the proposition to pass them over the governor’s objec tions. Under one pretense or another, how ever, final action upon the bills was deferred until the last day of the ses sion. It was understood that the ob ject of this delay was intended to give time for the managers to organize the votes necessary to put the bills through. The agents of monopoly were successful in bringing more than two-thirds of the senate to the sup port of these odious measures. That they believed they would be able to command the support of two-thirds of the house also is only too evident. 3IISJUDGED THEIR STRENGTH. They were mistaken, however, in calculating their strength in the house, and it was this error of calcu lation which gave rise to the remark able scenes witnessed in the house on Friday. When the Crawford bills were called up, not one of the 153 represen tatives present had a reason to offer why they should become laws, in spite of the objections of Governor Altgeld. Without one word of debate the roll call began on the question of passing them over the veto. Mr. Crafts of Cook, Mr. Hawley of Kane, Mr. Jones of :Green and Mr. Berry of Carroll were the men who had charge of the movement to send the measures through the House. For three weeks these managers had been shaping trie legislation solely with the view of .resurrecting the Crawford bills from the grave to which the governor’s veto had consigned them. They must have had assurances of the support of 102 members, or they would not riave risked the chances of the roll call. Yet, when the roll call was finished only eighty-nine members were on record as favoring the proposition to pass the bills over the governor’s veto. More than one-third of the House,or fifty-five members in all, had recorded themselves against the proposition. For a moment the baffled managers were at a loss to decide what course to pursue. The fate of the bills could have been quickly settled if a cour ageous and conscientious man had oc cupied the speaker’s chair. Unfortun ately Speaker Meyer showed himself only too willing to be used as the pliant tool of the corporation agents holding seats on the floor, as pretend ed representatives of the people. While Speaker Meyer hesitated, be fore announcing the result of a vote which meant the eternal death of the bills Mr. Crafts was recognized to move that the further consideration of the pending question be postponed until 8 o’clock in the evening. It was about 4 o’clock in the afternoon when the bills were submitted to a vote, and Mr. Crafts’ motion meant that a roll call was to be interrupted for the transaction of other business and that the result of a tally already made by the clerk was not to be an nounced until four days later. As a matter of fact, the result of the roll call was never announced, and hence will not become a part of the journal, which contains a record of the pro ceedings of the general assembly. VIOLATED PARLIAMENTARY LAW. There is no question of parliamen tary law which is more clearly and definitely settled than the proposition that no motion is in order pending a roll call except the motion that a member may be excused from voting. It is a parliamentary adage that “a motion to adjourn is always in order,” but not even a motion to adjourn is in order during a roll call. The hon est members of the Illinois House of Representatives who voted last Friday r^r FREE TRA»* 11V.W • ” 1 i' l "v Grover, Carlisle, Crisp and Palmer In chorus: “For God’s sake won’t somebody Head Them Off.” against passing the Crawford bills over the governor’s veto were entitled to have the result of the ballot an nounced, but this right was denied them by Speaker Meyer. The speaker entertained Mr. Crafts’ motion for a postponement and ordered it to be submitted to a vote. Mr. Le Crone made the point of order that the mo tion of Mr. Crafts was not in order, but the speaker arbitrarily overruled the point. The men who voted against overturning the veto went on record against the motion for post ponement, but it was,of course, easily carried by the votes of the majority, who were supporting the corrupt measures. From 4 o’clock until midnight on Friday the men in charge of the Crawford bills offered any and every consideration to obtain the support of the additional fifteen members necessary to pass the bills over the veto. The speaker of the house was absolutely subservient to the wishes of the corrupt managers. At the evening session he practically permit ted the men in charge of the Crawford bills to run the house. He recognized members at their dictation and cast his influence in favor of the passage of measures which they desired ad vanced, as a means of gaining votes for the Ci * wford bills. The traffick ing and bargaining ' lich were car ried on openly in the hall of the House at the evening session disgraced the men who engaged in it. No doubt open bribery was attempted. There were many rumors floating around the hall to the effect that more than one member had been approached. The speaker should have called up the bills promptly at 8 o’clock and announced the result of the vote. This duty he failed to perform. When the hour of 8 o’clock arrived enough recruits had not been obtained to pass the bills. The honest members of the House repeatedly demanded that the speaker should announce the result of the roll call,but no attention was paid to these demands. The hours went by until midnight was reached and still the Crawford bills had not been called up. Meantime the corporation agents were busy. They persuaded members of the opposition to leave the hall and go into committee-rooms to listen to propositions which might result in makiDg votes for the corrupt meas ures. Almost every measure called up at the evening session of the House was considered solely with the view of helping the Crawford bills. Members who were known to be inflexible in their opposition were given no chance of recognition. A member of the op position, however, who manifested the least sign of wavering, had no trouble to obtain recognition from the speaker, arid was permitted to call up any measure which he desired to have passed. The speaker and the entire organization of the honse were thus placed in tne control of the agents of monopoly. Members who represented honest constituencies and who were themselves honest and hon orable men were denied their rights on the floor. In vain they stood and shouted for recognition. The speaker had for them only a deaf ear. Yet it would have been only necessary for one of these honest members to indi cate to the corporation managers that he might bo persuaded to vote for the Crawford bills and he could have had anything he wanted. POWER OF Tnc CORPORATIONS. The proceedings were a disgrace to the Commonwealth. It is only stat ing the truth to say that the power of the corporations was absolutely su preme. The scandalous dickering of the corporation agents had a demoral izing effect on the house. The honest representatives felt the humiliation most keenly and would gladly have left the hall had they not feared that in their absence the managers would resort to forgery to make up a record showing that the Crawford bills had been passed. Some of the employes caught the spirit of the corrupt ma jority in the house. One of them in vaded the hall in a drunken condition and impudently attempted to cast the votes of members who* for reasons of their own, declined to respond when their names were called. An order was issued to eject this drunken em ploye from the hall. The attempt to carry out this order resulted in a free 4ght, in which a number of represen tatives participated. The Crawford bills failed to pass. Although the managers were un doubtedly authorized to make the most liberal offers, there were enough honest men in the House to sustain the honor of the state. The legisla tive records in Illinois contain many dark chapters, but the blackest of all would riave been written in the House of Representatives at Springfield, last Friday night,if the Crawford bills had been passed over the governor’s veto. Try Uncle Sam’s Monogram Whiskey for household purposes. THE STAMPEDE. V- — .fCOIHMEj ——l j (From Vox Populi, St. Louis.) TWO VIEWS OF OUR BOASTED CIVILIZATION. The Working People Are a Thousand to One, Yet •They Foolishly Vote the Old Party Tickets. So They May Starve in Sight of Millions Their Labor Has Produced. SWEAT SHOPS. ■ ! A GLIMPSE OF THE SLAVERY EXISTING IN NEW YORK. ; Sixteen Hours Work a Day For $1.23 Per Week—A Woman Holding a 1 Child Sick With Diphtheria in Her Arm Kept at Rolling Cigars. ! [Cleveland Press, May 21.1 New York, May 20.—Stories of hard -1 ships in the sweatshops of the city are being told the members of a special I legislative committee. Mrs. Lucia Machiaruia told the com i mittee Saturday, that by working i from Ba. m. until midnight she made 1 26 cents a day. * Daniel Harrison, president of the • JBtate Federation of Labor, said that i $4 to $4.50 per thousand was paid for r making cigars in sweatshops. A thou l sand was a good week’s work. “Re [ cently,” he added, “a woman with a i child sick with diphtheria, lying on s her lap,was found roiling cigars in one [ of those sweatshops. I have the name i and address. Our organization will i ask the next legislature to abolish the . sweatshops and tenement house la bor.” ; Another witness testified that she ! worked at finishing trousers at 8 cents ■ per dozen. By working 16 hours a day , she made $1.23 per week. STARVING FOR A WEEK. [ TIIRLE TERSONS WHO ARE SUBSISTING i ON TEA ONLY. 1 One of the most urgent cases of des ' titution that lias come to light for 1 several months is that of Mrs. Mary Somers, who lives witii her husband ; and six months old child at No. 13 ! President street, Brooklyn. They have ' l.ecn actually starving for one week, 1 as not a morsel of solid food has ; passed their lips during that time. | This information was given to the re \ porter by Mrs. Somers and was corob ’ orated by neighbors who are too poor ; to assist the family. Mrs. Summers said: “There has been some tea in true house which was [ sent to me together with some grocer ! ies by Rev. Gillady, of our parish. That tea has kept my child, my hus band and myself alive. lam fearful something will happen unless aid ( reaches us soon, as lam too weak to nurse the child longer.” Two months’ rent is due for one small room they occupy, and the owner has threatened to evict them tomor row unless the money, $6.00, is forth coming. Mr. Somers, who lias just re covered from a severe attack of pneu monia, is a ship carpenter, but is un | able to obtain a steady position. He declares he will do almost anything to save his wife from starvation. SHOULD BE IMPEACHED. Referring to the infamous bond deal wherein Clevela nd,Carlisle & Co., robbed the people of $6,000,000 of in terest, Congressman James Walker, of Massachusets said: “The treasury, of course, is a mirror ' wherein to see the patriotism of the country, but those in power were ashamed to tell the ways and means committee that they made a contract for $60,000,000 at six per cent—a higher rate of interest than the bonds sell for in New York. Shame on it, 1 traitors! they ought to be impeached! 1 I mean what I say! They made a con -1 tract which they were ashamed to re veal to the ways and means commit tee, and then pledged the committee ; to secrecy about the contract. The 1 secretary of the treasury refused to ' answer a question about the contract; if there had been the slightest genius of government, of truthfulness, of good faith, the bonds could have sold r from 2£ down to 2 per cent. Oh, shame on these men!”—Exchange. Bonny, McKinley, Reed, Sherman & Go. in Chorus: "For God’s Sake Won’t Some body Head Them Off.” TO COST A MILLION A WEDDING THAT WILL OUT SHINE THE GOULD-DE CAS TELLANE AFFAIR. MISS SLOANE’S COMING NUP TIALS. The Fair Bride’s Troussea Alone Will Represent s4o,ooo—Both the Young People Americans. [New York Herald.j There is a wedding coming off on the 6th of June which will certainly be the marriage of the year—not even excepting the recent Gould nuptials— and it will be a strictly American af fair, notwithstanding the fact that the bride’s mother is worth $20,000,000 and the groom is a young Croesus. The bride-to-be has two uncles worth $80,000,000 apiece, and half a dozen worth $20,000,000 each. The wedding, taking into account the presents and the dresses, and the functions, will represent an outlay of over $1,000,000. The Goulds beggared description at the De Castellano af fair, but the Vanderbilts will certain tainly send it to the almshouse. The young lady is the daughter of William D. Sloanc, who married a daughter of the late millionaire and got $15,000,000 by the performance. Mr. Sloane himself is worth many mil lions in his own right, however. This is his daugiiter’s third season “out.” She lias been the center of a world of gayctics for weeks at the Court, the superb Sloane country seat at Lennox. Then she is entertained, too, at the house of John Sloane, her multi-millionaire uncle. In addition to that, another uncle of Miss Sloane’s,Cornelius Vanderbilt, has leased the Bacon cottage at Len nox. Miss Sloane’s trosseau is simply a revelation. There is everything in it that was ever thought of in connec tion with a trousseau. It costs, in cluding the pearl trimmings, about $40,000. The bride's wedding dress was made by Worth, or rather by his sons. It is of heavy satin, ivory colored, trimmed with point lace, 13 inches wide, Bre tonne pattern. The train is round, and 11 feet long. SHREWD FINANCIERS. The Twentieth Century iefers to John G. Moore, a Wall street banker, who, more than any other, brought about the destruction of the income tax. Moore is, says the Twentieth Century, a director in the Chase Na-' tional Bank of New York City, an in stitution which is the back bone of the gold movement. One of Moore’s fellow directors is Calvin S. Brice, United States Senator from Ohio, a well known railroad corruptionist. It is charged against Moore, and not de nied, that a large fund was raised in Wall Street to overthrow the tax. One of the lawyers got a retainer of SIOO,OOO and was promised SIOO,OOO more in the case the law should be overthrown.” To destroy the income tax required the degradation of the supreme court, and JU .ce, the Demo cratic United States Senator, knows where to put money to accomplish his purposes. It costs a great deal to establish the ballot. There is no estimate as to wtiat it will cost to lose it. If it is wasted and fritted away, it will be a dear toy to those who delight in us ing it only as a plaything. Study over this..—Typographical Jounal. tfl on A YEAR O CENTS CPA.LMJ IN ADVANCE A COPY MIT OF HISTORt. A Statement of Prices a Thousand Years Ago. CASTLES BUILT FOR TWELVE SHILLINGS. Three-Fifths of a Pound of Silver Was Enough to Build a Castle as Is Shown by the Edicts of Charlemagne In the Eighth Century. One of the standard authorities on German history is Johannes Scherr author of “Germania; Two thousand Years of German Life.” He says in that work in speaking of Charle magne, the first emperor of Ger many: “He arranged a thorough reform of the coinage system by substituting silver coinage for gold coinage that had been the rule in the Occident from the tirne-of the Roman emperors and decreed that a pound of silver should bo coined into 'twenty shil lings.” Charlemagne’s empire was the greatest in the world at the time and he one of the most successful rulers. It is a pity he had not learned from the modern gold bugs that gold was the only reliable money material. In another part of his history of Germany Scherr shows that at the time of Charlemagne, who died in 814 the building and furnishing of a lord’s mansion cost twelve silver solid (shillings). As the law made a pound of silver twenty shillings it is clear that the building and furnish ing of the best houses of that period cost just three-fifths of a pound of silver or about twelve dollars in our American money of today. The reason of this was that the gold and silver mines of Europe had been hausted and as the people of .that day had become infatuated with the idea that money could be made only of gold and silver these metals became so dear that it took two good houses to buy one pound of silver. Later on in his work, Scherr says: Before the discovery of America re leased the gold and silver treasures of the new world the money value of the old was so high that in the rich city of Augsburg a man was considered weaithv who hart an annual income of two or three hundred llorins (equal to aboat 30 cents of our monsy). But he who had an income of 2,0(H) florins or mure was actually, considered a Croesus. He says that the Weisers and Fug* gers of Augsburg were “the Roth schilds of the sixteenth century.” In 1528 Charles V. of Spain who was always in debt to these Rothschilds sold to Bartholomew Welser the coast of Venezulea and Welser rigged out an expedition which sailed from Seville in October, 1539, with 400 German and Spanish soldiers with a view of estab lishing a colony,but the veoturewasa failure. And all this Welser undertook to do on an income of about S6OO a year! Scherr explains the cause of the trouble thus: The commercial relations of Euro pean nations had become so diversi fied and active that the mediums of the middle ages proved insufficient. The demand for an increase in the medium of exchange, the precious metals became so imperative that it must 'be supplied at any price. East ern Asia was considered an inexhaust ible mine of gold and silver and the desire to reach these mines in Cathay (China) and Zipangoo (Japan) were the principle objective points of the great voyages of discovery undertaken by Diaz Gama and Columbus. These conditions were brought about by a shortage of the money sup ply. Now that the mines are increas ing their output, the money kings try to shorten the supply of money by law. Are the people going to be fooled all the time? A BROOD OF EVILS. “Forty years ago the slave predora inated; today it is capitalists. The American people crushed the slave power and saved our institutions. Can they rescue them again? Many say yes, but they have not reflected that tlie crushing force which now confronts them is greater than was ever the slave power. “Capital sits in the White House and legislates in the capitol. The courts of justice arc its ministers, and Legislatures are its lackeys, and the whole machinery of fashionable so ciety is its handmaid. “Just see what a brood of evils hav« sprung from the power of capitalism since 1890. First, striking dowl VVM one-third of the money of the world, thus crushing the debtor class and paralyzing industry: second, the grow* ing of that corrupt use of wealth which is underminiug our institu tions, debauching public officials, shaping legislation and creating judges who do its bidding; third, the exemption of the rich from taxation; fourth, the substitution of govern ment by injunction for government by the constitution and laws; fifth, . the striking down of trial by Jury. / Never has there been so much pa- | triotic talk as in the last twenty-five years, and never were there so many influences at work strangling repuli can institutions.”—Go y. J. P. Altgeld. A thousand great brawny men srHl i crawl in humble submission to one I soft-skinned weakling and ask the fa vor of being allowed to work for him! | They have a thousand votes to his J one, but don’t know how to use them 1 to make him work for his own Utlm, • a Funny “voting kings” alnt thsyP— * Greeley News.