Newspaper Page Text
■T *»***»” mikJecota' VV ■
Imperfect !&ia ' j J||g7^ ~~~~y, 1 1 !HB #% ISSSI HTTrr' WA iin m /an s™ I ! "_=illlrj JxnrKn&nlM IJI 11 rH. ms® | | "SPEAK TO THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL THAT THEY GO FORWARD VOL. 111. NO. 10. WHOLE NO. 114. HALF MILLION GIGANTIC ROBBERIES OF PINE. They Have Closed Up the State In- Investigation But Uncle Sam is After Them. ••The Father of the State Universi ty” Charged With Being One of the “Converters.” A ROTTEN AND SHAM AGE IL LUSTRATE!/. Damages Are Placed in the Sum of Nearly Five Hundred Thou sand Dollars. 6UIT FILED IN FEDERAL COURT •THE CHARGE IS MADE THAT DE FENDANTS UNLAWFULLY EN TERED ON THE TERRITORY WITH IN THE MISSISSIPPI AND WINNIBI GOSHISH RESERVATION—T HA T THEY THERE SYSTEMATICALLY CUT THE TIMBER AND CONVERTED IT TO THEIR OWN USE —J. S. PILLS BURY AND CHARLES SMITH AMONG TH DEFENDANTS. From St. Paul Dispatch (Republican.) The United States of America in an action brought today in the circuit court by its special counsel, John E. Stryker, alleges that a mumebr of the most prominent lumbermen of Minne sota have, without any warrant what ever, been devastating the northern part of the state, denuding the territory of its timber, and that they must pay the full market value of the lumber to the ' extent of the round sum of $467,474.34 and interest. The defendants in this important and •ensath>nal suit are the Pine River Log ging and Improvement company; Joel B. Bassett and William L. Bassett, co partners as J. B. Bassett & Co.; John S. Pillsbury and Charles A. Smith; copartners as C. A. Smith & Co. The technical name of the offense alleged In the action is convertion. De fendants are charged with unlawfully entering on the territory within the Mississippi and Wiiinibigoshish reserva tions and systematically cutting the tim ber and converting it to their own uses. The timber has been worked into lumber and the market value of the lumber is represented in the amount of damages demanded. The interior department at Washing ton and the attorney general have been steadily working on the case for the past i two and half years. The vast area of (j land covered by the alleged trespasses £ of the defendants has been carefully examined; evidence has been accumu |; lated by degrees here and there until p the time arrived for the climax of the i action which is brought today. Mr. Stryker, as the special counsel for ( the government, has been diligently 1 wording on the matter since last Octo -1 her and has reported progress directly ; to the attorney general. | Eminent counsel has been retained by l the defendants, and the battle will wax I hot in the courts, for it is not only an is ■" eue of a half milion dollars, more or-less, hut of reputation, for the defendants who are charge with defrauding the govern ; eminent of its propoerty are men of I the highest standing in the state in which they live. The complaint is a along one and sets l forth exactly the townships, sections and ranges in which the timber was cut. L- It is here only necessary to say that it was timber growing on the reservations indicated. 1 The government claims that, permis \ »ion being given to the Indians of the 1 reservation to cut dead timber, ad vantage was taken of this permission by the agents of the defendants to fell vast quantities of good timber and convert the same to their own use. The different paragraphs in the com plaint make the following allegations: In December, 1891, George Lydick, with th» consent and at the request of the defendants, went upon the lauds and cut timber, which the defendants had boomed to Minneapolis, where they manufactured 4,060,000 feet of lumber of the value of $85,260. In December, 1891, Wiliam Fairbanks, agent of the de fendants. cut timber for the defendants, which they manufactured into 4.997,853 feet of lumber of the value of $104,954.91. In the same year and month John Lyons and James Wakefield cut timber which yielded the defendants 1.987,323 f£et of lumber valued at $41,733.78. In the same year and month Schocag *- sic and George Galdbraith cut timber which was worked into 2.207,305 feet of lumber for the defendants, valued tit $46,353.40. Charles Losh in the same year and month entered on the govern ment lands and cut timber which was manufactured into 4,-011,000 feet of* lum ber, worth $84,861. John Tutle, also in December, 1891, cut timber which was represented by 2,064,483 feet of lumber, worth $43,334.14; Wiliam Bonga and Peter Bonga, in the same time, cut on the reservation tim ber which was afterwards manufactured into 1,317,566 feet of lumber, worth $27,- 668.88. Jack Bonga cut timber which was worked into 1,293,154 feet of lumber, worth $27,156.23. In March, 1891, Clark Clay cut timber which was manufactured into 37,237 feet of lumber, valued at $782. The total of these various sums alleged as the value of the lumber Is the amount mentioned above, being very nearly a half milion of dollars. The plaintiff alleges that in the effort to identify the property it has expended p the sum of $5,350. The property was at one time seized by the government, but its possession was regained by the defendants upon their giving a bond. SUPREME COURT SCENES. JUDGE HARLAN’S IMPROMPTU OVATION ON THE STREET.* Senator .Morgan and Manga Charta —A Circus Loose in the Streets —Admiral Meade’s Escape- Personal. Washington, May 24.—Nobody can complain that this has been a dull week in Washington, and the sensa tion sprang from the most unexpected source—the Supreme Court room. Often the decisions of the court have been awaited with excitement as well as interest, but not since the days of the Electoral Commission of 1877 has anything like Monday’s scene been witnessed in that room. It was the thirty-second anniversary of Justicfe Field's appointment to the bench, but he hasn’t often had a more exciting time in all those thirty-two years. It was noticed that Justice Jackson looked pale and ill and coughed pain fully during the reading of his own brief dissenting opinion. Justice Field says that neither Justice Jack son nor himself has any idea of retire ing from the bench, but all who saw them on Monday believed that they will soon be retired by an agency which asks no man’s petmission for anything. Justice Harlan’s manner of reading his dissenting opinion was of a nature seldom seen on the bench, and gives color to the report that he and Justice Shiras has some warm words in the conference room over Justice Shiras’s change of base within .three weeks—an almost, if not quite, unprecedented thing for a member of the Supreme Court. But one thing is worthy of note, as showing that the headlines in the newspapers don’t tell all the news. On Tuesday Jus tice Harlan started to walk to the Capitol by way of Pennsylvania avenue. He was so beset with hand shakings and congratulations that at Ninth street he was compelled to call a cab and get into it in order to escape being made a show of on the street. Now, there is I not a town in this country where there is less of Populism and sectionalism than Washington—and this outburst of popular approval was reserved for Jus tice Harlan. Another striking fact about the income tax which doesn’t appear in tlje headlines is that there was a most unlooked-for willingness to comply with the law on the part of individuals. The application for blanks was about twice what was anticipated,and the Treasury Depart ment, at first, was not able to supply them fast enough. But the corpora tions weren’t so willing as the indi viduals, It is said that Mr. Joseph H. Choate received a fee one hundred thousand dollars for his services, with another hundred thousand condition al upon obtaining a reversal of the law—but this last part lias a slightly fishy odor —lawyers like Mr. Choate are not fond of contingent fees, and he was probably satisfied with his hundred thousand dollars.' The fact that the same Chicago newspaper which published the for mer decision in advance £f the court’s announcement also published a per fectly accurate forecast of this decis ion is troubling ,tlie justices deeply. It is a pretty serious business —this leakage where everything is supposed to be guarded, not only by material precautions, but by conscience itself. The justices all declared that another such leak as the first one would be impossible, but the impossible occur red, and the justices are at their wits’ end to know how it happened. President Cleveland came in from Woodley on Monday, although it was. a very unpleasant day, and heard the* decision at the White House. One thing however, may be discerned, in spite of all the assertions, that as soon as a change in the personnel of bench occurs, a test case will be made up and tried, and flat denials of the assertions —and that is, that the last has not been heard of the income tax. Senator Morgan, who is one of the 'best lawyers in this or any other country, says Congress must settle the question of when its taxing power be gins and ends—and that the old prin ciple which came down from the Magna Charta, that the supreme right of taxation belonged to tiierep resentatives of the people without let or hinderance, must be either affirm ed or denied. THE FIGHT ONLY BEGUN. The fatuous complacency of the New York millionaires, who induced the supreme court to reverse itself on the income tax.recalls the attitude of the defenders of slavery before the war. They assumed that the decision of the court puts an end to ail at tempts to make wealth bear a share of the burdens of the national govern ment. “I tell you,” exclaimed one of the attorneys for the protestants, “the courts of the land are more powerful tliaa the legislative and executive branches of the government, or even the army.” “The decision is a most excellent one,” observed a bank president, “and it will, I hope, tend to give a quietus to class legislation.” “It will show.” remarked the presi dent of a trust company, “that we have some authority to which the peo ple mu;t bow.”—San Francisco Ex aminer. Money put to bad use is bad money; money held in reserve is no money, but to demonstrare these truths the capitalists have absorbed all the mon ey, because they know the working people will find a better and different way to invest it. Strange <as it may seem the Popu lists never gain ground until they learn to stand their ground. RAMPANT ROTTENNESS REDEEMED DENVER. The Aldermen Sell People and Tie Their 'For Fifteen . ■ The Citizens Swa T t the Council Chamber V Ropes to Har c c icm. FIFTY POLICEMEN PROTECT THE SCOUNDRELS. The Entire Police Force Guards Their Houses From the Indignant Citizens. DREADFUL STATE OF AFFAIRS The Bribed Officials Pass the Or dinance in the Face of Threatened Death. WHAT ARE FREE INSTITUTIONS COMING TO. Denver, June 28. —The fight for an in dependent water service or a reduction of the prices exacted for the present service which was made an issue in the spring election, culminated last evening in the passage of the ordinance submitted by an alderman charged to be in the pay of the Union Water Company. For eight hours the aldermen sat in the council chamber in front of an indignant multitude of citi zens who threatened them with lynching if they carried out the plan contemplated for the passage of the ordinance. A force of 50 policemen in uniform and a score of detectives in citizens’ clothes were in the room and they were expected to interpose between the mob and the aldermen if it came to the worst. A rope was shown by the crowd and its use was called for when Aid. Emery changed his vote from the side of the taxpayers to that of the water company. There was a rush of citizens towards the rail that separated the crowd from the aldermen, but one of the citizens’ representatives in the meet ing jumped on a chair and begged the crowd to remain cool and allow the pro ceedings to go on in an orderly fashion. Upon assurances that there would be another session before anything definite was determined, the rebellious element began to melt away and the council was permitted to go ahead with the transac tion of routine business. Just before adjournment, however, th® council passed the obnoxious ordinance. Denver, June 28. —Almost the entire po lice force of Denver was employed last night in guarding the houses of eight aldermen who feared violence from their constituents. The water measure which was passed by the aldermen and which created so much indignation, has a clause which makes the rates thus fixed a burden on the people fof 15 years. Besides it is claimed that this reduction of 15 per cent is not one-half what the public is entitled to under the company’s contract, which calls for a reduction by this year to the average rates charged in Chicago, St. Louis and Cincinnati. TAKES PHILOSOPHY. TO SPUR PEOPLE ON DURING THESE PLUTOCRATIC TIMES People’s Press: Yes, wc all got dis couraged at the times, and it takes philosophizing to spur us- on. We have really everything to feci elated oVer when we consider that only a few years ago there were few men in the nation who knew anything about the philosophy of money or land or monopoly. Today there are hundreds of thousands. The nature of these things is being made plainer and simpler each day. There are thous ands of different books and pamphlets and speakers. The people are learn ing and learning rapidly. Men are putting their souls into this education as they did in- fighting the British in 1776. Old men who have only a few years to iive at most, say tiiey will die contented if the people can be brought to see the treachery of the old parties by next year. Men are soliciting subscribers who are virtual ly on the ragged edge of starvation. There is no failure in a movement that -enlists this kind of adherents. No imatter if ?io reform can be b.vJ now and tire Plutocrats seem on the higher wave of power, the education is broadening and will be irresistible when it gets crystallized. Keep your mind on the future and keep at work. For by hard wotk.and only that can we hope to succeed in educating the people up to the higher plane of thought and reasoning, so that they can vote their intelligence instead of their partisanship and prejudice. Keepou in the good work. Dont give up or get discouraged because you cannot make a success at every venture, but Spartanliice, nerve yourself for the occasion, and persevere in well doing, and success will surely come. The times are ripening cur theories, or in other words, are conducive to success in making convert- to the principles we advocate, as the, people are being crushed to earth by vicious enact ments ar.d class legislation and are now endeavoring to ascertain from whence it comes, and are anxious to apply some remedy. The principles as enunciated in the Omaha platform MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., WEDNESDAY, JULY 4, 1895. ■will prove efficient as remedies in this disease of the body politic, and in or* der to perpetuate the prosperity of the people, the referendum must be had ana then all the grand objects so much desired can be attained. A REPORT THAT THE A. R. U. MEMBERSHIP IS ON THE IN CREASE. Movement of Railway Men Is Said to Be Decidedly in Favor of the Organization. That When Debs Comes Out of Jail He Will Find a More Powerful Union Than Ever Existed. There are a great many people who imagine that the backbone of the American Railway Union is broken, and that tiie imprisonment of Presi dent Debs means the practical death of the institution. No assumption could be further from the truth. The oft repeated expression of Debs him self, “We are stronger now than ever,” might be repeated now with more truth than at any time since the opening of the Chicago strike. There was a time, following the strike, when the union was deci mated, owing to a lack of confidence inspired by the failure at Chicago and other points. The local unions weak ened terribly and railroad men fought shy of the organization. A’ll that, however, has changed, and in a com paratively short space of time. The A. R. U. is on a footing much better than it has been for months, and the increase in membership occurs daily. Speaking for St. Paul, the growth of late has been remarkable. It has been quiet,because the men have tak en pains to eliminate the brass band from their work, but it has been none the less sure. There are two unions in this city and the membership is close to a thousand strong. The Dis patch has been informed th«b there has been a general movement of rail way employes toward the organiza tion, and that this is still in progress. The local unions have received addi tions from all the other brotherhoods, except, perhaps, from the Order of Railway Conductors, which has a pro hibitive rule, or is said to have. Many engineers have joined, and the firemen have also joined largely. There have been accretions of office men, and from the trainmen, there being a strong bond of affinity be tween the A. R. U. *and the Brother hood of Railway Trainmen. It was Grand Master Morrissey, of the train men, in whose company Debs was prior to going to jail, and it is known that Morrissey, unlike his predecessor, favors the A. Rf U. policy of dealing with troubles between labor and capi tal. ONE MAN MAKES THE CONSTITUTION One supreme judge changed his vote from a few weeks ago and the in come tax >is unconstitutional. Now if Junge Shiras had voted as he did last moq,th it would have been consti tution. Don’t it look like one man changing his opinion changes the con stitution? Isn’t that actually what has happened? And yet the wording of the constitution has not been changed in a letter! Strange things do happen. Here we are tied by a few words on a piece of parchment, and unless forty or fifty million of people demand it by a tedious prqcess no change can be made. Yet one man changing his views changes that in strument! The court decided the in come tax law, years ago, as constitu tional and now the court decides it is not constitutional! So far as the peo ple are concerned the constitution has oecn changed to mean just the reverse of what it meant years ago without their consent. It is a queer state of affairs when the vote of one man can reverse the meaning of a great funda mental law. I n'M not criticising the verdict nor its legality or sincerity, but am trying to show you the abso luteness and one man power our judi cial machinery is. The majority of people want a law,, as expressed by their representatives, and enact that law. It lays in the power of one man to decide they star 11 not have that law! And these people labor under t.l.xe delusion they are a self-governing peo ple! They elect one. set of men to make laws, (the legislative,), another sot to enforce those laws (the execu tive) and another set to say what the laws mean! (the judicial.) A crude, unwieldly, incomprehensible system. Under direct legislation the people would vote on tire laws and those re ceiving a majority wouid be adopted as fundamental (or constitutional) laws. If a court were to decide the laws meant differently from what was intended, a new law correcting it or abolishing the court would at once be instituted by a demand and submit ted to the people. We live in a one man or monarchy form of govern ment. * MRS. ELLA WHEELER WILCOX’S CAT. (Written for “The Representative.”) four hundred dollars! Think of that. All paid out for a foreign cat, T To hunt the mouse and hunt ihe rat For Eila Wheeler Wilcox. • I’d sell her one that’s just as nice And wouldn’t charge her half the price, And it would catch as many mice For Ella Wheeler Wilcox. j I’d give her one. I would by Joe, Either -white or black as sloe, But be l'orc-lgn “doneherno” For Ella Wheeler Wilcox. Four hundred dollars! Now look here, More than a farmer makes a year, With forty acres, that's ail clear. And that is gospel uufh, sir. Children, there are ’neath God’s blue dome In right of Ella Wilcox’s home Without a friend, without a heme, That that money weald shelter. Oh! pride In life, oh. curse of gold, When wrongly used it does unfold A tale of misery untold; God judges all. —A. J. Woodin, # SAID TO BE GROWING. EXTRAORDINARY. (From the Coming Nation ) EVER KENTDCRT. Eycn Daniel Boone’s State Is Torn to Pieces Over the Silver Ques tion. THE DEMOCRATIC STATE CON VENTION A WILD SCENE OF CONTINUAL RIOTS. Free Silver Gets the Nominee For % Governor and the Gold Bugs Get An Endorsement of Cleve land and Carlyle. (From tho Chicago Times-Herald, Rep.) Convention Hall, Louisville, June 26.—P. W. Hardin, who stumped Ken tucky for free silver, has been nomin ated by the Democrats for governor. He won the contest over Cassius M. Clay, Jr., on the first ballot and goes before the people as a 16 to 1 man on a gold platform. It was evident as soon as tbn roil call started that Gen. Hardin was clearly the winner. Louisville, with more than 100 votes, went for Clay, but this did not stop the tide. Delegation after delegation went to Hardin, and when the call was two-thirds over he had the neces sary 450 votes. This caused a tumult, and in the rush the nomination was made unanimous. Fearing a bolt of conservatives if they adopted a free silver platform, the leaders split the party by abso lutely ignoring the demands of more than one-third of the convention for such a resolution. The danger from the desertion of the sound money peo ple was problematical, but it present ed such a threatening front that the leaders conceded it meant the elec tion of a Republican governor in the center of bourbonism. The danger from the rebuff to the silver wing is a certainty and the average Kentuck ian, who knows a good bet on sight, is ready to give odds in favor of W. O. Bradley, the Republican nominee. It has all along been evident that the silver men who came up from the pennyroyal counties and out of the regions of perpendicular farms have no purpose in life at this time save the establishment of a 16 to 1 govern ment. They numbered at the begin ning of the fight within fifty of the majority. They^talked the proposi tion until they are as firm in their conviction as they were in the one they had thirty years ago. They do not forget, for Kentuckians never for get, and when they go home they will get more angry each time they realize how their cause was beaten by the use of the administration lash. REBELLION IS OPEN The rebellion is so open and vigor ous that the entire morning session was devoted to orations on harmony. These orations were all on one side— the side—the side of the victors, and the only men won to the repudiated policy of Cleveland and Carlisle were those who wanted to get into the band wagon or to win favor for some candidate for office on the state ticket. This wing only declared a temporary truce and thus it is a fact that the final vote on the Chicago platform as the doctrine of Kentucky Democracy, 644 to 233, does not show the fair division of the party, but a large balance of votes with the ma jority under protest and driven by the whip of the leaders. Bolting free silver men worked all night to sunrise in the most turbu lent convention in the state to secure what they deemed their rights. Sena tor Blackburn was on the floor with the Seventh district delegation,happy in the prospect at midnight that the man selected to boom President Cleveland would be hissed and hooted from the platform. His henchman, massed in front of the chairman, blocked all efforts at decent order or transaction of business,and defied the police deiail called to compel mem bers to act in a rational manner. Riot followed riot, without violence, in a desperate attempt to force at once the passage of the silver doctrine and an absolute rejection of the men at Washington. Free silver was master of the situation, until Chairman Berry was startled at the exhibition of fanaticism and declared the mob ad journed without a motion. HOWLED ALL THE NIGHT There was no sleep for the Demo cratic champions in Louisville last night,the hotel lobbies being crowded. The oae cry was harmony to save de feat and at the morning session the use of the whip was evident in many delegations. Counties instructed last and all the time for free silver were on the gold side, but the chairman who .reported the vote did it with smiles of ridicule. Many explained their votes, alleging the impossibility of compelling their constituents to abide bv the delegation’s decision. Colonel Wattersen, who has never be fore doubted the ability of Democracy to win in Kentucky,said this morning that it is useless to deny that Ken tucky Democracy stands to-day on the brink of a precipice. ’ Bad feeiing was apparent in all quarters when Chairman Berry rapped tor order, and a Missouri clergyman implored the divine blessing upon the howling mob, pleading also for har mony and wisdom. The chairman took the cue from the minister, in structing the sergeant-at-arms to keep order and to clear the attles of dissatisfied contesting delegations. Hardin and Clay men then locked horns over the adoption of a minority report on credentials. A Western newspaper with ninety nine advertisements of sheriff's sales, under “Mortgage Foreclosures,” means just the same thing with this difference, the negro slaves were sure of beiftg fed and housed and clothed, to enable them to work while the white, modern slaves,are sure of noth ing but hunger, sorrow, privatatiou and degradation at the hands of the cruel monopolists who know nothing, and feel for nothing and care for nothing but usury and bonds and gold. CLEVELAND THE FIRST. An Absolute Dictator Ruling Over a Land of Slaves. SUPPORTED BY THE COURTS AND THE REGULAR ARMY. The Republic Has Become a Mon archy in Fact. (E. H. Belden in Chicago Sentinel.) During the past 30 years, a moneyed aristocracy has been gradually gain ing a footing in this country until for some years it has dictated acts of leg islation and decisions of courts at will, and to that extent that over three-fifths of the nation’s wealth has been wrung from the people and placed in the hands of the few. A once free Republic has been changed into a monarchy in fact,though not in name. If any doubt the power of this mon eyed combine over our legislation and the courts let them note a few, even, of the important acts of legislation and court decisions for the past 30 years: First, placing two exceptions on tfie greenbacks in 1862 which was the sole cause of their depreciation below par; the establishment of national banks in 1864, whereby the government loan ed money at 1 per cent, which they have loaned out at from 7 to 50 per cent ever since; the contraction act of 1866 under which over 70 millions of non-interest bearing greenbacks were drawn from circulation by issuing in terest bearing bonds in their stead; the credit strengthening act of 1896, under which the bonds that had been bought with greenbacks at 40 cents on the dollar and which were made payable in lawful money which in cluded greenbacks, were made payable in coin. The difference between the value of this coin and greenbacks at the time put over 600 million dollars in the hands of the bondholders; the refunding act of 1870, which changed the whole bond indebtedness into long time bonds in order to perpetuate the national debt upon future genera tions; the act to demonetize silver in 1873 and set up a single gold standard in its stead has depreciated the value of silver bullion one-half and all pro ducts of -labor and all property the same, while all debts have been doubled; after the people in 1878 had forced Congress to provide for the coinage of from 2 to 4 million silver dollars per month, the Sherman act, 1890, stopped silver coinage and in stead bought 4J million ounces of sil ver per month and issued silver certi ficates against the same; but the mon ey power soon wanted something oet ter and forced an extra session of Con gress in 1893 to annul this act, there by destroying the last vestige of sil ver; last fall, the bankers met. in Baltimore and set up a plan to de stroy all the greenbacks and to issue all the paper money themselves. In obedience to their command, the president urged the scheme in his message and but for a few Populist votes it would have become a law; again, last January, they had the president issue a special message urg ing Congress to issue 590 million dol lars worth of bonds to be payable in gold. This would have become a law, but for Populist votes; a little later, they introduced a bill to indef initely postpone the payment of the Union Pacific railroad debt to the government. This was defeated by the same votes; they have purposely robbed the treasury of its gold and compelled the president to issue 165 million dollars worth of interest bear ing bonds, in time of peace, to run the expenses of government. So much for class legislation to benefit theifew. Before the war, the Supreme Court, in the “Dred Scott,” derision, said a negro had no rights a" white man was bound to respect.. It took four years of war to straighten out that kink. Now, in the ‘ income tax” decision, they have repeated that the i.eoplo have no rights that Wall street i bound to respect, except to do ail the work and pay all the taxes. I. the Debs case, the Supreme court's do( r - says in substance that sin ue! all tne railroad, fanufacturing and other combines unite to reduce wages to ten cents a day and any number of men should attempt to prevent such reduction, any Federal court could is sue ah injunction to prey on them and imprison them if they should disobey. This decision clotfie> -monopoly with unlimited power t» gratify any ex treme of selfishness. The above briefly outlined acts and decisions, granted to a moneyed aristocracy, are but a few of many others the same nature. Who can deny that we have gradually become a monarchy in fact, though not in name? JNow, when vve consider how tamely the peojfle have submitted to atl this, would it create much of a stir if the money power should force* the president, near the close of his term of office, to id eel are himself per manent ruler under the title placed at the head of lids article? if any op position was raised, what would if encounter? The combined power of the erdwned heads of tue world —the combined support of the money pow er at home and abroad—tne regular army—every newspaper now owned by the money power—every divine w'ho preaches to congregations whose members belong to the money power and every man who iias been so far crushed by legislation that his needs far outstrip his patriotism. Verily, this republic, bought by the blood (Continued on Page Fire.) $1 OO A TEAR a CENTS vPX.ULf in ADVANCE ° A CORY WHOLESALE ROBBERY. WORE AND WORE OF IT. Every Acre of Survey of Public Lands in the Duluth District For Ten Years Fraudulent! A BOTTOMLESS ABYSS OF RAS CALITY. ' A Total Resurvey Probable—Where Is It to End? A New Party Necessary to Deodor* ize the State and Nation. Special to the St. Paul Dispatch Hop.: Washington, June 28.—Land Com missioner Lamoreux said this after noon: “Not one acre of Minnesota swamp lands in the Duluth district, which was surveyed between ISBO and 1890, will be patented to the state, ac cording to the field notes of the sur veyors. If you have been sending out news to the effect that these field notes arc fraudulent you are absolutely correct about it. Both Secretary Noble and Lamar refused to issue patents on lands in the Duluth district, becaus e they were satisfied that the field notes were corrupted. I have sent a special agent to take testimony, and if it takes him a year to examine town ships, no patents will issue until it is shown that lands claimed are swamp lands.” It is not impossible that a survey of all swamp lands approved as Well as those not approved in Minnesota, will be ordered. The position of the pres ent state auditor of Minnesota in tak ing up the fight where his predeces sors left off occasions considerable comment here among land office offi cials. It was the policy of Biermaun to insist that the former field notes of the swamp land survey were correct and at the same time he allowed the state to lose severable valuable tracts and in some ca£es no appearance was made. Platt B. Walker came here as the,di rect representative of the governor of the state of Minnesota, and his cre dentials are to that effect. There is on file here a letter from State Audi tor Biermann, in which he says: “A case came up, and at the hearing the state furnished evidence that the trees growing on the swamp had wa ter marks on them as high as three feeb on the trunk.” The claim of Biermann was that the present field notes were absolutely correct, while at the same time the state got knocked out of a large tract of land. As for the construction of the act of 1860 and the extension of provisions of the Arkansas act to Min nesota, there is a wide difference of opinion among land attorneys and of ficials. THE DEBS’ CASE. A CANDID VIEW. (Philadelphia American.) The Supreme Court has adjourned after one of the most eventful ses sions in its history. The decisions as to the longevity of patents, and that setting aMdc the income tax, were botii memorable deliverances. So was the decision that tiie Sherman Anti- Trust law is but a bundle of green withes for the restraint of the actions of associations against which it was aimed. Nor less so tire ruling that the same ;n,6 F a shackle of steel to restrain the doings of the associa tions ol’ laboring men, against whom it was not aimed. The Court finally decided that Mr. Eugene Debs must goto jail f<‘rhis share in a compact to meddle witn emumt-rco between the Mutes. Such compacts are harm less, it seems, when only directed against the pockets of the republic, but criminal when aimed at the profits of the corporations. The decis ,f,n is uot the less lamentable that Mr. Eugene Dcbs'is runlier an pen sive person,or that Grover Altgs-n de nounces it. It is the principle at stake which makes it an unfortunate chapter in our legal dealings with our social-proulcms. It is gratifying to contrast this decision with that which tlie Suprhrue Court of Massachusetts pronounced the very same week on a strike tn that state. The employer sought to punish the defendants for using open persuasion and alleged threats to deter workmen from entering his em ployment, He alleged a conspiracy to prevent him from carrying on his business. The court distinctly ruled ti at it was lawful to employ peaceful persuasion to any extent for this pur pose, only violence nr the threat of it being forbidden. Even the present* of walking delegates on the 9treet be fore iris piace constituted no offense. This is the more remarkable as Massachusetts and Connecticut have clung to the English doctrine of “con spiracy in restraint of trade” with a good deal of tenacity. This decision places the Commonwealth beside England and Pennsylvania in the recognition of workingmen’s associa tions to prosecute their objects byauy means short of violence which would be permitted to associations for moral reform.