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The representative. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1893-1901, July 03, 1895, Image 1

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VOL. 111. NO. 10. WHOLE NO. 114.
They Have Closed Up the State In-
Investigation But Uncle Sam
is After Them.
••The Father of the State Universi
ty” Charged With Being One
of the “Converters.”
Damages Are Placed in the Sum of
Nearly Five Hundred Thou
sand Dollars.
From St. Paul Dispatch (Republican.)
The United States of America in an
action brought today in the circuit
court by its special counsel, John E.
Stryker, alleges that a mumebr of the
most prominent lumbermen of Minne
sota have, without any warrant what
ever, been devastating the northern part
of the state, denuding the territory of
its timber, and that they must pay the
full market value of the lumber to the '
extent of the round sum of $467,474.34
and interest.
The defendants in this important and
•ensath>nal suit are the Pine River Log
ging and Improvement company; Joel B.
Bassett and William L. Bassett, co
partners as J. B. Bassett & Co.; John
S. Pillsbury and Charles A. Smith;
copartners as C. A. Smith &
Co. The technical name of the offense
alleged In the action is convertion. De
fendants are charged with unlawfully
entering on the territory within the
Mississippi and Wiiinibigoshish reserva
tions and systematically cutting the tim
ber and converting it to their own uses.
The timber has been worked into lumber
and the market value of the lumber is
represented in the amount of damages
The interior department at Washing
ton and the attorney general have been
steadily working on the case for the past
i two and half years. The vast area of
(j land covered by the alleged trespasses
£ of the defendants has been carefully
examined; evidence has been accumu
|; lated by degrees here and there until
p the time arrived for the climax of the
i action which is brought today.
Mr. Stryker, as the special counsel for
( the government, has been diligently
1 wording on the matter since last Octo
-1 her and has reported progress directly
; to the attorney general.
| Eminent counsel has been retained by
l the defendants, and the battle will wax
I hot in the courts, for it is not only an is
■" eue of a half milion dollars, more or-less,
hut of reputation, for the defendants who
are charge with defrauding the govern
; eminent of its propoerty are men of
I the highest standing in the state in
which they live.
The complaint is a along one and sets
l forth exactly the townships, sections and
ranges in which the timber was cut.
L- It is here only necessary to say that it
was timber growing on the reservations
1 The government claims that, permis
\ »ion being given to the Indians of the
1 reservation to cut dead timber, ad
vantage was taken of this permission by
the agents of the defendants to fell vast
quantities of good timber and convert
the same to their own use.
The different paragraphs in the com
plaint make the following allegations:
In December, 1891, George Lydick,
with th» consent and at the request of
the defendants, went upon the lauds and
cut timber, which the defendants had
boomed to Minneapolis, where they
manufactured 4,060,000 feet of lumber
of the value of $85,260. In December,
1891, Wiliam Fairbanks, agent of the de
fendants. cut timber for the defendants,
which they manufactured into 4.997,853
feet of lumber of the value of $104,954.91.
In the same year and month John Lyons
and James Wakefield cut timber which
yielded the defendants 1.987,323 f£et of
lumber valued at $41,733.78.
In the same year and month Schocag
*- sic and George Galdbraith cut timber
which was worked into 2.207,305 feet of
lumber for the defendants, valued tit
$46,353.40. Charles Losh in the same
year and month entered on the govern
ment lands and cut timber which was
manufactured into 4,-011,000 feet of* lum
ber, worth $84,861.
John Tutle, also in December, 1891,
cut timber which was represented by
2,064,483 feet of lumber, worth $43,334.14;
Wiliam Bonga and Peter Bonga, in the
same time, cut on the reservation tim
ber which was afterwards manufactured
into 1,317,566 feet of lumber, worth $27,-
Jack Bonga cut timber which was
worked into 1,293,154 feet of lumber,
worth $27,156.23.
In March, 1891, Clark Clay cut timber
which was manufactured into 37,237 feet
of lumber, valued at $782.
The total of these various sums alleged
as the value of the lumber Is the amount
mentioned above, being very nearly a
half milion of dollars.
The plaintiff alleges that in the effort
to identify the property it has expended
p the sum of $5,350.
The property was at one time seized
by the government, but its possession
was regained by the defendants upon
their giving a bond.
Senator .Morgan and Manga Charta
—A Circus Loose in the Streets
—Admiral Meade’s Escape-
Washington, May 24.—Nobody can
complain that this has been a dull
week in Washington, and the sensa
tion sprang from the most unexpected
source—the Supreme Court room.
Often the decisions of the court have
been awaited with excitement as well
as interest, but not since the days of
the Electoral Commission of 1877 has
anything like Monday’s scene been
witnessed in that room. It was the
thirty-second anniversary of Justicfe
Field's appointment to the bench, but
he hasn’t often had a more exciting
time in all those thirty-two years. It
was noticed that Justice Jackson
looked pale and ill and coughed pain
fully during the reading of his own
brief dissenting opinion. Justice
Field says that neither Justice Jack
son nor himself has any idea of retire
ing from the bench, but all who saw
them on Monday believed that they
will soon be retired by an agency
which asks no man’s petmission for
anything. Justice Harlan’s manner
of reading his dissenting opinion was
of a nature seldom seen on the bench,
and gives color to the report that he
and Justice Shiras has some warm
words in the conference room over
Justice Shiras’s change of base within
.three weeks—an almost, if not quite,
unprecedented thing for a member of
the Supreme Court. But one thing
is worthy of note, as showing that
the headlines in the newspapers don’t
tell all the news. On Tuesday Jus
tice Harlan started to walk to the
Capitol by way of Pennsylvania
avenue. He was so beset with hand
shakings and congratulations that at
Ninth street he was compelled to call
a cab and get into it in order to
escape being made a show of on the
street. Now, there is I not a town in
this country where there is less of
Populism and sectionalism than
Washington—and this outburst of
popular approval was reserved for Jus
tice Harlan. Another striking fact
about the income tax which doesn’t
appear in tlje headlines is that there
was a most unlooked-for willingness
to comply with the law on the part of
individuals. The application for
blanks was about twice what was
anticipated,and the Treasury Depart
ment, at first, was not able to supply
them fast enough. But the corpora
tions weren’t so willing as the indi
viduals, It is said that Mr. Joseph
H. Choate received a fee one hundred
thousand dollars for his services, with
another hundred thousand condition
al upon obtaining a reversal of the
law—but this last part lias a slightly
fishy odor —lawyers like Mr. Choate
are not fond of contingent fees, and
he was probably satisfied with his
hundred thousand dollars.'
The fact that the same Chicago
newspaper which published the for
mer decision in advance £f the court’s
announcement also published a per
fectly accurate forecast of this decis
ion is troubling ,tlie justices deeply.
It is a pretty serious business —this
leakage where everything is supposed
to be guarded, not only by material
precautions, but by conscience itself.
The justices all declared that another
such leak as the first one would be
impossible, but the impossible occur
red, and the justices are at their wits’
end to know how it happened.
President Cleveland came in from
Woodley on Monday, although it was.
a very unpleasant day, and heard the*
decision at the White House. One
thing however, may be discerned, in
spite of all the assertions, that as
soon as a change in the personnel of
bench occurs, a test case will be made
up and tried, and flat denials of the
assertions —and that is, that the last
has not been heard of the income tax.
Senator Morgan, who is one of the
'best lawyers in this or any other
country, says Congress must settle the
question of when its taxing power be
gins and ends—and that the old prin
ciple which came down from the
Magna Charta, that the supreme
right of taxation belonged to tiierep
resentatives of the people without let
or hinderance, must be either affirm
ed or denied.
The fatuous complacency of the
New York millionaires, who induced
the supreme court to reverse itself on
the income tax.recalls the attitude of
the defenders of slavery before the
war. They assumed that the decision
of the court puts an end to ail at
tempts to make wealth bear a share
of the burdens of the national govern
“I tell you,” exclaimed one of the
attorneys for the protestants, “the
courts of the land are more powerful
tliaa the legislative and executive
branches of the government, or even
the army.”
“The decision is a most excellent
one,” observed a bank president, “and
it will, I hope, tend to give a quietus
to class legislation.”
“It will show.” remarked the presi
dent of a trust company, “that we
have some authority to which the peo
ple mu;t bow.”—San Francisco Ex
Money put to bad use is bad money;
money held in reserve is no money,
but to demonstrare these truths the
capitalists have absorbed all the mon
ey, because they know the working
people will find a better and different
way to invest it.
Strange <as it may seem the Popu
lists never gain ground until they
learn to stand their ground.
The Aldermen Sell People
and Tie Their 'For
. ■
The Citizens Swa T t the Council
Chamber V Ropes to
Har c c icm.
The Entire Police Force Guards
Their Houses From the
Indignant Citizens.
The Bribed Officials Pass the Or
dinance in the Face of
Threatened Death.
Denver, June 28. —The fight for an in
dependent water service or a reduction of
the prices exacted for the present service
which was made an issue in the spring
election, culminated last evening in the
passage of the ordinance submitted by an
alderman charged to be in the pay of the
Union Water Company. For eight hours
the aldermen sat in the council chamber
in front of an indignant multitude of citi
zens who threatened them with lynching
if they carried out the plan contemplated
for the passage of the ordinance.
A force of 50 policemen in uniform and
a score of detectives in citizens’ clothes
were in the room and they were expected
to interpose between the mob and the
aldermen if it came to the worst. A rope
was shown by the crowd and its use was
called for when Aid. Emery changed his
vote from the side of the taxpayers to that
of the water company. There was a rush
of citizens towards the rail that separated
the crowd from the aldermen, but one of
the citizens’ representatives in the meet
ing jumped on a chair and begged the
crowd to remain cool and allow the pro
ceedings to go on in an orderly fashion.
Upon assurances that there would be
another session before anything definite
was determined, the rebellious element
began to melt away and the council was
permitted to go ahead with the transac
tion of routine business.
Just before adjournment, however, th®
council passed the obnoxious ordinance.
Denver, June 28. —Almost the entire po
lice force of Denver was employed last
night in guarding the houses of eight
aldermen who feared violence from their
constituents. The water measure which
was passed by the aldermen and which
created so much indignation, has a clause
which makes the rates thus fixed a burden
on the people fof 15 years. Besides it is
claimed that this reduction of 15 per cent
is not one-half what the public is entitled
to under the company’s contract, which
calls for a reduction by this year to the
average rates charged in Chicago, St.
Louis and Cincinnati.
People’s Press: Yes, wc all got dis
couraged at the times, and it takes
philosophizing to spur us- on. We
have really everything to feci elated
oVer when we consider that only a
few years ago there were few men in
the nation who knew anything about
the philosophy of money or land or
monopoly. Today there are hundreds
of thousands. The nature of these
things is being made plainer and
simpler each day. There are thous
ands of different books and pamphlets
and speakers. The people are learn
ing and learning rapidly. Men are
putting their souls into this education
as they did in- fighting the British in
1776. Old men who have only a few
years to iive at most, say tiiey will die
contented if the people can be
brought to see the treachery of the
old parties by next year. Men are
soliciting subscribers who are virtual
ly on the ragged edge of starvation.
There is no failure in a movement
that -enlists this kind of adherents.
No imatter if ?io reform can be b.vJ
now and tire Plutocrats seem on the
higher wave of power, the education
is broadening and will be irresistible
when it gets crystallized. Keep your
mind on the future and keep at work.
For by hard wotk.and only that can
we hope to succeed in educating the
people up to the higher plane of
thought and reasoning, so that they
can vote their intelligence instead of
their partisanship and prejudice.
Keepou in the good work. Dont give up
or get discouraged because you cannot
make a success at every venture, but
Spartanliice, nerve yourself for the
occasion, and persevere in well doing,
and success will surely come. The
times are ripening cur theories, or in
other words, are conducive to success
in making convert- to the principles
we advocate, as the, people are being
crushed to earth by vicious enact
ments ar.d class legislation and are
now endeavoring to ascertain from
whence it comes, and are anxious to
apply some remedy. The principles
as enunciated in the Omaha platform
■will prove efficient as remedies in this
disease of the body politic, and in or*
der to perpetuate the prosperity of
the people, the referendum must be
had ana then all the grand objects so
much desired can be attained.
Movement of Railway Men Is Said
to Be Decidedly in Favor of
the Organization.
That When Debs Comes Out of Jail
He Will Find a More Powerful
Union Than Ever Existed.
There are a great many people who
imagine that the backbone of the
American Railway Union is broken,
and that tiie imprisonment of Presi
dent Debs means the practical death
of the institution. No assumption
could be further from the truth. The
oft repeated expression of Debs him
self, “We are stronger now than
ever,” might be repeated now with
more truth than at any time since
the opening of the Chicago strike.
There was a time, following the
strike, when the union was deci
mated, owing to a lack of confidence
inspired by the failure at Chicago and
other points. The local unions weak
ened terribly and railroad men fought
shy of the organization. A’ll that,
however, has changed, and in a com
paratively short space of time. The
A. R. U. is on a footing much better
than it has been for months, and the
increase in membership occurs daily.
Speaking for St. Paul, the growth of
late has been remarkable. It has
been quiet,because the men have tak
en pains to eliminate the brass band
from their work, but it has been none
the less sure. There are two unions
in this city and the membership is
close to a thousand strong. The Dis
patch has been informed th«b there
has been a general movement of rail
way employes toward the organiza
tion, and that this is still in progress.
The local unions have received addi
tions from all the other brotherhoods,
except, perhaps, from the Order of
Railway Conductors, which has a pro
hibitive rule, or is said to have.
Many engineers have joined, and the
firemen have also joined largely.
There have been accretions of office
men, and from the trainmen, there
being a strong bond of affinity be
tween the A. R. U. *and the Brother
hood of Railway Trainmen. It was
Grand Master Morrissey, of the train
men, in whose company Debs was
prior to going to jail, and it is known
that Morrissey, unlike his predecessor,
favors the A. Rf U. policy of dealing
with troubles between labor and capi
One supreme judge changed his
vote from a few weeks ago and the in
come tax >is unconstitutional. Now
if Junge Shiras had voted as he did
last moq,th it would have been consti
tution. Don’t it look like one man
changing his opinion changes the con
stitution? Isn’t that actually what
has happened? And yet the wording
of the constitution has not been
changed in a letter! Strange things
do happen. Here we are tied by a few
words on a piece of parchment, and
unless forty or fifty million of people
demand it by a tedious prqcess no
change can be made. Yet one man
changing his views changes that in
strument! The court decided the in
come tax law, years ago, as constitu
tional and now the court decides it is
not constitutional! So far as the peo
ple are concerned the constitution has
oecn changed to mean just the reverse
of what it meant years ago without
their consent. It is a queer state of
affairs when the vote of one man can
reverse the meaning of a great funda
mental law. I n'M not criticising the
verdict nor its legality or sincerity,
but am trying to show you the abso
luteness and one man power our judi
cial machinery is. The majority of
people want a law,, as expressed by
their representatives, and enact that
law. It lays in the power of one man
to decide they star 11 not have that
law! And these people labor under t.l.xe
delusion they are a self-governing peo
ple! They elect one. set of men to
make laws, (the legislative,), another
sot to enforce those laws (the execu
tive) and another set to say what the
laws mean! (the judicial.) A crude,
unwieldly, incomprehensible system.
Under direct legislation the people
would vote on tire laws and those re
ceiving a majority wouid be adopted
as fundamental (or constitutional)
laws. If a court were to decide the
laws meant differently from what was
intended, a new law correcting it or
abolishing the court would at once be
instituted by a demand and submit
ted to the people. We live in a one
man or monarchy form of govern
(Written for “The Representative.”)
four hundred dollars! Think of that.
All paid out for a foreign cat, T
To hunt the mouse and hunt ihe rat
For Eila Wheeler Wilcox.

I’d sell her one that’s just as nice
And wouldn’t charge her half the price,
And it would catch as many mice
For Ella Wheeler Wilcox. j
I’d give her one. I would by Joe,
Either -white or black as sloe,
But be l'orc-lgn “doneherno”
For Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
Four hundred dollars! Now look here,
More than a farmer makes a year,
With forty acres, that's ail clear.
And that is gospel uufh, sir.
Children, there are ’neath God’s blue dome
In right of Ella Wilcox’s home
Without a friend, without a heme,
That that money weald shelter.
Oh! pride In life, oh. curse of gold,
When wrongly used it does unfold
A tale of misery untold;
God judges all. —A. J. Woodin,
(From the Coming Nation )
Eycn Daniel Boone’s State Is Torn
to Pieces Over the Silver Ques
Free Silver Gets the Nominee For
% Governor and the Gold Bugs Get
An Endorsement of Cleve
land and Carlyle.
(From tho Chicago Times-Herald, Rep.)
Convention Hall, Louisville, June
26.—P. W. Hardin, who stumped Ken
tucky for free silver, has been nomin
ated by the Democrats for governor.
He won the contest over Cassius M.
Clay, Jr., on the first ballot and goes
before the people as a 16 to 1 man on
a gold platform. It was evident as
soon as tbn roil call started that Gen.
Hardin was clearly the winner.
Louisville, with more than 100 votes,
went for Clay, but this did not stop
the tide. Delegation after delegation
went to Hardin, and when the call
was two-thirds over he had the neces
sary 450 votes. This caused a tumult,
and in the rush the nomination was
made unanimous.
Fearing a bolt of conservatives if
they adopted a free silver platform,
the leaders split the party by abso
lutely ignoring the demands of more
than one-third of the convention for
such a resolution. The danger from
the desertion of the sound money peo
ple was problematical, but it present
ed such a threatening front that the
leaders conceded it meant the elec
tion of a Republican governor in the
center of bourbonism. The danger
from the rebuff to the silver wing is a
certainty and the average Kentuck
ian, who knows a good bet on sight, is
ready to give odds in favor of W. O.
Bradley, the Republican nominee.
It has all along been evident that
the silver men who came up from the
pennyroyal counties and out of the
regions of perpendicular farms have
no purpose in life at this time save
the establishment of a 16 to 1 govern
ment. They numbered at the begin
ning of the fight within fifty of the
majority. They^talked the proposi
tion until they are as firm in their
conviction as they were in the one
they had thirty years ago. They do
not forget, for Kentuckians never for
get, and when they go home they will
get more angry each time they realize
how their cause was beaten by the
use of the administration lash.
The rebellion is so open and vigor
ous that the entire morning session
was devoted to orations on harmony.
These orations were all on one side—
the side—the side of the victors, and
the only men won to the repudiated
policy of Cleveland and Carlisle were
those who wanted to get into the
band wagon or to win favor for some
candidate for office on the state
ticket. This wing only declared a
temporary truce and thus it is a fact
that the final vote on the Chicago
platform as the doctrine of Kentucky
Democracy, 644 to 233, does not show
the fair division of the party, but a
large balance of votes with the ma
jority under protest and driven by the
whip of the leaders.
Bolting free silver men worked all
night to sunrise in the most turbu
lent convention in the state to secure
what they deemed their rights. Sena
tor Blackburn was on the floor with
the Seventh district delegation,happy
in the prospect at midnight that the
man selected to boom President
Cleveland would be hissed and hooted
from the platform. His henchman,
massed in front of the chairman,
blocked all efforts at decent order or
transaction of business,and defied the
police deiail called to compel mem
bers to act in a rational manner. Riot
followed riot, without violence, in a
desperate attempt to force at once
the passage of the silver doctrine and
an absolute rejection of the men at
Washington. Free silver was master
of the situation, until Chairman Berry
was startled at the exhibition of
fanaticism and declared the mob ad
journed without a motion.
There was no sleep for the Demo
cratic champions in Louisville last
night,the hotel lobbies being crowded.
The oae cry was harmony to save de
feat and at the morning session the
use of the whip was evident in many
delegations. Counties instructed last
and all the time for free silver were
on the gold side, but the chairman
who .reported the vote did it with
smiles of ridicule. Many explained
their votes, alleging the impossibility
of compelling their constituents to
abide bv the delegation’s decision.
Colonel Wattersen, who has never be
fore doubted the ability of Democracy
to win in Kentucky,said this morning
that it is useless to deny that Ken
tucky Democracy stands to-day on the
brink of a precipice.
’ Bad feeiing was apparent in all
quarters when Chairman Berry rapped
tor order, and a Missouri clergyman
implored the divine blessing upon the
howling mob, pleading also for har
mony and wisdom. The chairman
took the cue from the minister, in
structing the sergeant-at-arms to
keep order and to clear the attles of
dissatisfied contesting delegations.
Hardin and Clay men then locked
horns over the adoption of a minority
report on credentials.
A Western newspaper with ninety
nine advertisements of sheriff's sales,
under “Mortgage Foreclosures,”
means just the same thing with this
difference, the negro slaves were sure
of beiftg fed and housed and clothed,
to enable them to work while the
white, modern slaves,are sure of noth
ing but hunger, sorrow, privatatiou
and degradation at the hands of the
cruel monopolists who know nothing,
and feel for nothing and care for
nothing but usury and bonds and
An Absolute Dictator Ruling Over
a Land of Slaves.
The Republic Has Become a Mon
archy in Fact.
(E. H. Belden in Chicago Sentinel.)
During the past 30 years, a moneyed
aristocracy has been gradually gain
ing a footing in this country until for
some years it has dictated acts of leg
islation and decisions of courts at
will, and to that extent that over
three-fifths of the nation’s wealth has
been wrung from the people and
placed in the hands of the few. A
once free Republic has been changed
into a monarchy in fact,though not in
If any doubt the power of this mon
eyed combine over our legislation and
the courts let them note a few, even,
of the important acts of legislation
and court decisions for the past 30
First, placing two exceptions on tfie
greenbacks in 1862 which was the sole
cause of their depreciation below par;
the establishment of national banks
in 1864, whereby the government loan
ed money at 1 per cent, which they
have loaned out at from 7 to 50 per
cent ever since; the contraction act of
1866 under which over 70 millions of
non-interest bearing greenbacks were
drawn from circulation by issuing in
terest bearing bonds in their stead;
the credit strengthening act of 1896,
under which the bonds that had been
bought with greenbacks at 40 cents
on the dollar and which were made
payable in lawful money which in
cluded greenbacks, were made payable
in coin. The difference between the
value of this coin and greenbacks at
the time put over 600 million dollars
in the hands of the bondholders; the
refunding act of 1870, which changed
the whole bond indebtedness into long
time bonds in order to perpetuate the
national debt upon future genera
tions; the act to demonetize silver in
1873 and set up a single gold standard
in its stead has depreciated the value
of silver bullion one-half and all pro
ducts of -labor and all property the
same, while all debts have been
doubled; after the people in 1878 had
forced Congress to provide for the
coinage of from 2 to 4 million silver
dollars per month, the Sherman act,
1890, stopped silver coinage and in
stead bought 4J million ounces of sil
ver per month and issued silver certi
ficates against the same; but the mon
ey power soon wanted something oet
ter and forced an extra session of Con
gress in 1893 to annul this act, there
by destroying the last vestige of sil
ver; last fall, the bankers met. in
Baltimore and set up a plan to de
stroy all the greenbacks and to issue
all the paper money themselves. In
obedience to their command, the
president urged the scheme in his
message and but for a few Populist
votes it would have become a law;
again, last January, they had the
president issue a special message urg
ing Congress to issue 590 million dol
lars worth of bonds to be payable in
gold. This would have become a law,
but for Populist votes; a little
later, they introduced a bill to indef
initely postpone the payment of the
Union Pacific railroad debt to the
government. This was defeated by
the same votes; they have purposely
robbed the treasury of its gold and
compelled the president to issue 165
million dollars worth of interest bear
ing bonds, in time of peace, to run
the expenses of government.
So much for class legislation to
benefit theifew.
Before the war, the Supreme Court,
in the “Dred Scott,” derision, said a
negro had no rights a" white man was
bound to respect.. It took four years
of war to straighten out that kink.
Now, in the ‘ income tax” decision,
they have repeated that the i.eoplo
have no rights that Wall street i
bound to respect, except to do ail the
work and pay all the taxes. I. the
Debs case, the Supreme court's do( r -
says in substance that sin ue! all tne
railroad, fanufacturing and other
combines unite to reduce wages to
ten cents a day and any number of
men should attempt to prevent such
reduction, any Federal court could is
sue ah injunction to prey on them and
imprison them if they should disobey.
This decision clotfie> -monopoly with
unlimited power t» gratify any ex
treme of selfishness.
The above briefly outlined acts and
decisions, granted to a moneyed
aristocracy, are but a few of many
others the same nature. Who can
deny that we have gradually become a
monarchy in fact, though not in
name? JNow, when vve consider how
tamely the peojfle have submitted to
atl this, would it create much of a
stir if the money power should force*
the president, near the close of his
term of office, to id eel are himself per
manent ruler under the title placed
at the head of lids article? if any op
position was raised, what would if
encounter? The combined power of
the erdwned heads of tue world —the
combined support of the money pow
er at home and abroad—tne regular
army—every newspaper now owned
by the money power—every divine
w'ho preaches to congregations whose
members belong to the money power
and every man who iias been so far
crushed by legislation that his needs
far outstrip his patriotism. Verily,
this republic, bought by the blood
(Continued on Page Fire.)
Every Acre of Survey of Public
Lands in the Duluth District
For Ten Years Fraudulent!
A Total Resurvey Probable—Where
Is It to End?
A New Party Necessary to Deodor*
ize the State and Nation.
Special to the St. Paul Dispatch Hop.:
Washington, June 28.—Land Com
missioner Lamoreux said this after
noon: “Not one acre of Minnesota
swamp lands in the Duluth district,
which was surveyed between ISBO and
1890, will be patented to the state, ac
cording to the field notes of the sur
veyors. If you have been sending out
news to the effect that these field notes
arc fraudulent you are absolutely correct
about it. Both Secretary Noble and
Lamar refused to issue patents on
lands in the Duluth district, becaus e
they were satisfied that the field notes
were corrupted. I have sent a special
agent to take testimony, and if it
takes him a year to examine town
ships, no patents will issue until it is
shown that lands claimed are swamp
It is not impossible that a survey of
all swamp lands approved as Well as
those not approved in Minnesota, will
be ordered. The position of the pres
ent state auditor of Minnesota in tak
ing up the fight where his predeces
sors left off occasions considerable
comment here among land office offi
cials. It was the policy of Biermaun
to insist that the former field notes of
the swamp land survey were correct
and at the same time he allowed the
state to lose severable valuable tracts
and in some ca£es no appearance was
Platt B. Walker came here as the,di
rect representative of the governor of
the state of Minnesota, and his cre
dentials are to that effect. There is
on file here a letter from State Audi
tor Biermann, in which he says: “A
case came up, and at the hearing the
state furnished evidence that the
trees growing on the swamp had wa
ter marks on them as high as three
feeb on the trunk.”
The claim of Biermann was that
the present field notes were absolutely
correct, while at the same time the
state got knocked out of a large tract
of land. As for the construction of
the act of 1860 and the extension of
provisions of the Arkansas act to Min
nesota, there is a wide difference of
opinion among land attorneys and of
(Philadelphia American.)
The Supreme Court has adjourned
after one of the most eventful ses
sions in its history. The decisions as
to the longevity of patents, and that
setting aMdc the income tax, were
botii memorable deliverances. So was
the decision that tiie Sherman Anti-
Trust law is but a bundle of green
withes for the restraint of the actions
of associations against which it was
aimed. Nor less so tire ruling that
the same ;n,6 F a shackle of steel to
restrain the doings of the associa
tions ol’ laboring men, against whom
it was not aimed. The Court finally
decided that Mr. Eugene Debs must
goto jail f<‘rhis share in a compact
to meddle witn emumt-rco between
the Mutes. Such compacts are harm
less, it seems, when only directed
against the pockets of the republic,
but criminal when aimed at the
profits of the corporations. The decis
,f,n is uot the less lamentable that
Mr. Eugene Dcbs'is runlier an pen
sive person,or that Grover Altgs-n de
nounces it. It is the principle at
stake which makes it an unfortunate
chapter in our legal dealings with our
It is gratifying to contrast this
decision with that which tlie Suprhrue
Court of Massachusetts pronounced
the very same week on a strike tn
that state. The employer sought to
punish the defendants for using open
persuasion and alleged threats to
deter workmen from entering his em
ployment, He alleged a conspiracy to
prevent him from carrying on his
business. The court distinctly ruled
ti at it was lawful to employ peaceful
persuasion to any extent for this pur
pose, only violence nr the threat of it
being forbidden. Even the present*
of walking delegates on the 9treet be
fore iris piace constituted no offense.
This is the more remarkable as
Massachusetts and Connecticut have
clung to the English doctrine of “con
spiracy in restraint of trade” with a
good deal of tenacity. This decision
places the Commonwealth beside
England and Pennsylvania in the
recognition of workingmen’s associa
tions to prosecute their objects byauy
means short of violence which would
be permitted to associations for moral

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