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WB\The Represent a tive PH VOL. 111. NO. 11. WHOLE NO. >ls. GOLD MONOMETALISM. STRIKES DOWN 9? PER CENT OF WEALTH FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE 1 PER CENT. If the Warning Voice Is Not Heeded, the People Will Vio lently Rend Plutocracy’s Shackles. f The amount of gold available for monetary purposes in the world at large probably amouts to about 1 per cent of the total wealth of the world. It is not merely the magnifying of the value of so much money, however unjust that would be, but the mon strous proposition that the holders of 99 per cent of the world’s wealth, which is subject to a mortgage and bonded indebtedness of from 33J to 50 per cent of its total value, must sub mit to the reduction in value caused by the enhancement in the purchasing power of gold when made , the sole measure of value. Money, the mere instrument for measuring and transferring the wealth of the world, the tool of com merce and the creation of the law, ostensibly for the benefit of all man kind, has by legislative enactment been changed so as to be a false meas ure and a false standard. Let us apply the test and expose the heartless robbery of debtors, private, corporate, and public, and this in volves not only tax-payers, but the great public from whom the income must be derived to satisfy the vast railway and other corporate bonds. To preserve the “soundness” of the 1 per cent of gold the unsoundness of the 99 per cent of property measured by gold must be decreed! In the name of “honesty” the most flagrant of all acts of dishonesty ever known is sought to be perpetra ted, ana that, too, “by ways that are dark and tricks that are vain.” It is simply diabolical, in view of the conditions forced upon the coun try by our approach towards the sole gold standard, to see tlie use which is made of the recent rise in the values of certain commodities, which is due to entirely different causes from those stated by the corrupt public press, which is everywhere inculcating the idea that it is a sign of returning prosperity. True eminisarles of the evil one, they are' busily engaged in perverting the truth to serve a wicked purpose. There has been a rise in wheat and a rise in silver. There has been a rise in cotton and a rise in silver. These are evidences of returning confidence in the value of property which con stitutes the wealth of the world. Two causes are operating to procjuce the change, yet neither is referred to by these imps of satan. First. There is a growing impres sion that silver will be fully rehabili tated at no distant day. The slender tenure of the Rose berry ministry in Great Britain,and the ac tivity and power of.the bimetallic movement there, point to a change Is British policy. The evident determination of the American people to throttle the mon itor is becoming too plain to escape notice. This is manifested in the alarm shown by the promoters and defenders of so-called “liouest mon ey,” and their wild desperation in argument. The second reason is that the close of the war in the Orient has opened up a new demand for silver to meet the demands of restored commercial activity, as well as to pay the indem nity exacted by the victor, hence the holders of silver demand and get more for it. President Cleveland’s contract with the bankers compelled them to pre vent any outflow of gold. But the first is doubtless the chief reason, for the people are noting the reckless course of the goldolators and their foolish pretenses/ But the conviction among thought ful men of all parties is extending, that the American people will not submit to the destruction of their liberties and will not sub mit to the gold standard. If by fraud and open corruption their purposes and wishes are thwarted by the gang of pluhderers who are now so dexterously seeking to mislead the people, s,till there is the remedy which a free people may resort to by destroy ing their oppressors. The Republic shall stand, it shall not be changed from a Democratic republic into a Plutocracy. From the hills, and the valleys, and from the 'broad prairies. If the voices of an outraged people fail to arrest the evil, strong arms will be ready. The Republic was not organized for the benefit of bondholders, and its destinies shall not be swayed by them. The truth may as well be understood now. Senator Chandler voiced it when in the Senate, February 20, he declared that “the American people Will not tolerate the gold standard.” Indeed they will not. If the tricksters pro pose, by dividing the people again ud on minor issues, to enforce the elec tion of a president, it will tend all the more to exasperate the people. Trai tors will then meet their due reward. Those who betray their country into the hands of oppressors are as guilty of treason as they who take arms against the Government. “Resist ance to tyrants is obedience to God” may again become the watchword of freedom. This is no time to mince words in dealing with a power which hesitates not to debauch our public men and control the avenues of public infor mation. They are enemies of the Re public. Possessing the power in Eu rope to make or stay the red hand of war, and to change the map of that continent they would fain place our continent under the same malign In fluence. A people that consents to wear fet ters needs them; our people need them not, nor will they wear them. Dear money and cheap property, and the endless cheapening of the latter, that the income class may enjoy it, means slavery for the wealth pro ducers of the world and a vast sacri fice of real property acquired in good faith. To strike down ninety-nine dollars worth of property that the holder of the one dollar may profit is the monstrous evil against which bimetallists protest. J. W. Porter. 650 BULLETS A MINUTE. A REPUBLICAN BID FOR OR GANIZED LABOR YOTES. New York Commercial Advertiser, Repub lican. June 10. A rapid fire gun, weighing but 45 pounds and capable of firing CSO bul lets of large calibre every minute, such as has just been tested and ap proved at Sandy Hook, fills a long felt want. As an attachment to the re cent decision of the United States su preme court,touching railroad riots.it fits like the paper on the wall. llow do the working people like that? They are only fit for food for guns that shoot 650 times a minute and to vote for the old parties whose mouth-pieces thus tell them of it. These Plutocrats are getting bold as the implements of murder in their hands are perfected. The supreme court, and Pullmans and Carnegies are their especial pets. If the work ing people sleep on in their dream of good times and justice they will find one of these guns at their heads un* less they obey their masters. The New York World,speaking of this gun the other day, said that it could be used like a garden hose and one man could mow down whole regiments be fore they could get to him, and that each bullet will go through 16 feet of solid oak! The "World -infers that these guns will make wars impossible —that they would mean the annihila tion of both armies. This statement has a meaning not intended for publi cation. It is intended to lull the public mind into a repose about war, while the monopolists control these guns by controlling the government. Of course wars will be impossible when one set of men have these guns against the citizens without arms. The butcheries of naked savages in Africa by the English with similar guns shows what these guns are used for. This threat of a leading Repub lican paper that they just fit organ ized labor means they will be used to slaughter American citizens whenever said citizens protest against the tyranny of the wealthy corporatlbns. Yes, these guns meap universal peace —but the peace between slave and master when the master stands over the defenseless slave with a club or gun. And still the dupes vote for men and parties who uphold monopoly and thus pay for their own execution ers. “Caesar’s Column” has not been overdrawn if the working neople don’t wake up pretty soon and' vote for enemies of monopoly.—Coming Nation. THE FALSE LAWYER. HIS DEADLY WORK, BY JOHN SWINTON, “In the business of subverting the liberties *■£ our beloved country, I do not dread the soldier with his rifle nor the conspirator with his mask,nor the fool, fanatic, or the demagogue, nor the king in his regalia, nor the cleric with his tongue, nor the editor with his quill, nor Satan with his horns, nor yet the millionaire with his millions, if they have but a fair* field. The man to be dreaded in this republic is the shystering lawyer; le gal machination is the thing of men ace and danger. It is in this country especially that the people need to be on the alert against legal quibblers ; here they swarm as they do nowhere else on the globe, not only in the courts, but in Legislatures and their lobbies and every place of power and greatness. "How often, in searching amid the ruins of popular properties in other countries that once' enjoyed them, do we come upon the tracks of the false lawyer! For what oppressor has ne not found a legal subterfuge? For what deed of guilt has he not been ready to erect a legal bulwark? Do we not find him with a legal defense of every usurper; with a legal justifi cation for any invasion of every birth right of man; with a legal quibble over every great popular' franchise; with a legal gloze for every clear word of- freedom; with legal pettifoggery against every establishment of right: with a legal weapon for nullifying every victory of progress; with a legal jimmy, as Major Haggerty lately said in the Assembly, to pry open every man’s safe; with legal mechanism for tearing out every stone in the fabric of justice, and lor rearing every pillar in the edifice of wrong? “Not a guilty deed has ever been perpetrated by power; not a base treason has ever been hatched against the Commonwealth; not a device has ever been set for subversion of any popular right—but the false lawyer has stood ready to uphold it with the armament of false legality. He bat tered the Twelve Tables of Rome, he made of no effect the Ten Command ments of Moses, he stifled the genius of Magna Charta, and he is now scut tling the Constitution of the United States. MERGING. THE OLD PARTIES FUSING. Cincinnati, June 22.—Ex-Governor Foraker created a sensation in his ad dress at the Harmon banquet last night, and brought every man to his feet in hearty applause. He was discussing Secretary Olney, whom he praised in unqualified terms. Suddenly, in one of those bursts of eloquence for which he is noted, he declared that in connectian with the Chicago riots Attorney General Olney has done his country the greatest good of any one since the surrender of Appotomattox. Long ages after he was gone his bravery ’ana patriotism would be treasured memories in the minds of all lovers of law and order. "SPEAK TO THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL THAT THEY GO FORWARD .” MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., WEDNESDAY, JULY 10, 1895. A f SLAVERY 5 Id MONOMETAL £ LISM. / c History peats Itself Against B l Monometallism. ,r> j Boffalt fling News, June 5. The Philadelphia Manufacturer has a striking article on “Abolitionism and Bimetallism,” claiming that in a remarkable manner the conditions at tending the anti-slavery movement of 40 years ago “are reproduced in Phil adelphia and throughout the country now that an active campaign has be gun against the domination of the na tion by British gold monometallism.” The Manufacturer declares that the agitation for the abolition of slavery never had a particle of sympathy from what may be called the mass of the prosperous people. The public jour nals were nearly unanimous in declar ing slavery should be left alone, and they invented and constantly applied terms which were intended to bring reproach upon the Abolitionists. Then, as how, columns of rhetoric were produced day after day in the ef fort to demonstrate that no reform could be accomplished without inflict ing irreparable damage upon the country. The Manufacturer states the case very plainly. It says. “No great wisdorp, no intense re spectability, but only common sense, can be required to permit a man to understand that it is folly to suffer ou,r greatest creditor to fix our money standard; that we are now upholding the British gold system only by bor rowing money; that the wealth pro ducers are being robbed by the non producers who have fraudulently en larged the buying power of the dollar; that the nation is in shame because treasury is buying, at heavy-cost, pro tection from foreigners; that every thing has been made to rest on gold, which has been cornered; that the land and the control of the money supply are passing from the hands of the people and that the domestic and foreign debts of the nation are grow ing larger the more desperate the ef fort made to discharge them. No bland talk from very respectable citi zens, no sophistry and figure jocking from statisticians, no ingenuity of mendacity from public journals, no rhetorical efforts from the secretaries of the treasury, will operate to hide these facts. Every just man per ceived that slavery was Infamous and it was overthrown. Every man who will open his eyes may see, if he will, that this nation is in bondage to its British creditors who have made it the victim of the most colossal schepae of brigandage ever devised by the rapacious greed of man.” HORRIBLE MEN DRIVEN TO SJETCIDE BY THE BLACKLIST. Do you know -what the blacklist means? Not long ago at Denver, Colorado, J. A. Hamilton, a railroad conductor, put a bullet through his head. He was in the A. R. iU. strike last summer and was blacklisted. He tried again and again to get a job at railroading, but everywhere that atV ful blacklist stared him in the face, and, if he got a job, it would be only a day or two until he was discharged with the excuse that he did not “give satisfaction.” He knew no other business. The railroad had made him a human machine, and when he tried to assert his manhood and stand with his fellow laborers, the edict went forth that he should starve —for that is what the blacklist means. That is an instrument of punishment capital uses when its slaves show signs of acting like free men. It is more effective than the thumbscrew or the rack. It will break the stoutest heart. It is more cruel than the grave. Of all the in ventions of greed it is the most effec tive. Its malignity is devilish. It puts the mark of Cain on a brother and leaves him no recourse except to die. 1 There is only one way to beat the blacklist, the starvation and the sui cides that follow in its train, and that is government ownership of railroads. And when monopoly and greed go so far as to drive men to death because they have dared to exercise their rights as human beings to strike to gether for better conditions of living, it is time the people arose in their might and wiped out such corpora tions. We need a new Declaration of Independece. Once give a man such power over his fellowmen that he can dictate how much they shall keep of their earnings, while he takes the rest, and you make him a meaner tyrant and a more heartless despot than Nero or Caligula. Tne milk of human kindness turns to acid in his veins, and he soon values machines more than men; property above per sons. The former wear out and cost money to replace; the latter may wear out or starve or blow out their brains, but there are plenty more to take their places, without expense to him. Human beings are infinitely the choicest products of our planet; and yet wood and stone and iron are treat ed better than they. How long, 011 Lord, how long!—Star and Kansan. WHY IT WAS KNOCKED OUT. If the income tax law had been sus tained as a whole, says the Boston Transcript. William Waldorf Astor would have been compelled to pay a tax of $178,000. John D. Rockefeller’s tax would have been $152,000. Other taxes would have ranged about as fol lows: Russell Sage, $90,000; Jay Gould estate and Cornelius Vanderbilt, SBO,- 000 each; W. K. Vanderbilt, 75,000; Henry W. Flagler and William Rocke feller, $60,000 each; John Jacob Astor and Moses Taylor estate, $50,000 each. Hetty Green would have been com- Selled to pay the heaviest tax borne y the women. Her proportion would have been about $30,000. This was the reason the supreme couVt declared the Income tax uncon stitutional; it would have forced the rich man to carry his share of taxa tion; as it is now the poor devil must stand it all; certainly it would not do to give the poor man justice, he has no reason to be poor. THE RABBI'S PRAYER. TURNING THE THING ’ROUND FALSE MEASURES. (The Philadelphia American.) “The eyes of the whole nation are in this hour turned with anxious ex pectations upon this assembly. For a fatal delusion has taken possession of numbers of the American people. National dishonesty is by many held to be 'national wisdom. Debasement of the coin of the land, it is believed, will insure pur country’s prosperity. Dense ignorance, reckless selfishness, vaunting greed have perverted the judgment of hundred of thousands in the land. False prophets have ariseq, corruptorsof the people’s hearts and minds. “They call evil good; breach of faith with individuals and nations they commend as highest public virtue. They laugh to scorn the world’s ex perience; the wisdom of the wise is folly in their eyes. O Lord! dire dis aster is threatening the American people. National bankruptcy and in dividual ruin, the misery and degrada tion of those who work for hire are lying in ambush. “We beseech Thee, protect the American people from the errors and wiles of those who would lure it from the path of honesty and safety. May the delegates here? assembled speak out in no uncertain tones for national honesty. May they declare in clarion notes that there shall be no false weights and false measures, no fraud and no breach of faith in the land of Washington and Lincoln.” Such are the words of prayer with which the Jewish rabbi, Dr. Adolph Moses, opened the second session of the Kentucky Republican convention a convention that finally adopted a straddle on the money question, de claring against the unlimited coinage of silver while at the same time de manding the use of both gold and sil ver as money. It.is, indeed, time that the people of this should be awakened to the imminent danger of becoming the mere drudges of a small clique of aliens, and these with alien interests, whose policy is dictated “by reckless selfishness and vaunting greed.” False prophets have,” indeed, “arisen, corruptors of the people’s hearts and minds.” But it is not the bimetallists but the clique of gold-monometallists who are the “false prophets”—they who are vigorously pushiDg the cam paign of falsehood and deceit by ve hemently calling black white, and by hurling offensive epithets at their op ponents, and these enemies of pro gress have not the excuse of “dense ignorance” for their action. They are thoroughly alive to the revolu tionary changes which they advocate and they are urged forward by the temptation of honest and enormous gains, at the expense and the ruin of thousands of hard-working toilers and producers. “Dire disaster is,” indeed, “threat ening the American people.” and “misery and degradation” stare the wage-earners in the face but not from the restoration of honest money, of silver to its place side by side with gold, but from the continued appreci ation of gold. Fortunately the Amer ican people are not “densely ignor ant,” but fully capable of thinking for themselves. When they fairly consider the question they must come to the conclusion reached by the United Labor League of Philadephia, as expressed in the following resolu tions: “Be it resolved, That we,the United Labor League of Philadelphia and vicinity, indorse the free coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1, with the same privileges, to the same rights as gold. “Resolved, That we condemn the coinage of gold as the only redemp tion money as an un-American, un constitutional currency, believing it to be injurious to the government and very detrimental and extortionate to the producing and debt-paying classes.” It is, indeed, time that the Ameri can pecple “declare in clarion notes that there shall be no false weights and measures, no fraud and no breach of faith in the land of Washington and Lincoln.” But the crime of tam pering with the measure of value must be laid at the door of the gold monometallists. The bimetallists de mand the restoration of silver for the simple reason that gold, cut adrift from silver, has proved to be the falsest of false measures. The gold standard, the most dishonest of meas ures, fluctuates at the bidding of the clique of speculators, and is at the mercy of every government that elects to use or discard it, thus raising or depressing its value. Before silver was demonetized it served-to steady gold. It did not absolutely fix the value of the standard, but the addi tion of silver to the measure of value keep it within reasonable bounds, and no great inconvenience was experi enced from the slow and gradual fluc tuations. Thus when gold and silver were inked together a “compound stand ard of value was established similar in its action to to the compensating pendulum, or an automatic equili brating apparatus, which, though not so absolutely invariable as the other standards (measures of weight, quan tity and distance), was as nearly so as anything that human ingenuity has been able as yet to devise, and this system worked well and 40 the com plete satisfaction of the entire com mercial world, so long as it was in use.” W. S. Wetmore.) With demonetization, gold and sil ver were rent asunder, gold was alone made the measure of value and it has w doublecLin value, causing a like fall in the prices of all commodities. The gold countries have in reality been left without a, standard of value at’ all, for that cannot be called a stand ard which is itself constantly fluctuat ing. National honesty,faith and prosper ity, the preservation of the indepen dence of the producing classes, the salvation of the nation itself, demand the restoration of bimetallism and the re-establishment of a stable meas ure of value—the most important and far-reching of all our measures. DISHONEST MONEY. A. S. ROBINSON. The affairs of our country are daily travelling toward tfie point where ruin is certain, and where he who re mains silent should be branded a traitor. ' “Sound money” is the hobby of the present administration. “Sound mon ey” is used as a figurative expression, and as such should mean good money, or what some people call “honest mon ey,” namely, a money that remains at par; that does not pass at a premium or discount. This kind of money should be the desire of every people. The present administration urges that a money, in order to be sound, must be good all over the world. It does not state it in those words, but that is the idea. We do not make laws for the whole world, nor do we coin money for it. We are not that great. We coin money for ourselves and produce meat, wheat, corn, oats, cheese, tobacco, oii, gold bullion and silver bullion for the world. “But the husbandman must be the first partaker of the fruits of his toil,” yet other nations are partakers, and we go hungry and are in want. We dis pose our produce at a mere pittance in cash and when that is gone we have to mortgage our lands at about one fourth the value to get money. This is the real Cleveland idea of "sound money.” “Sound money’' literally means a money that has not a flaw, a hole or a crack in it, namely it is perfect in its make and of its kind. It may be sound and yet not good. Secretary Carlisle says that the free and unlimited coinage of silver would enable debtors to pay their debts at half their face value. He neglected to say that 'they were made in gold on a silver basis. He also stated that gold is now worth $32 an ounce. Now those debts were contracted when gold was sl6 an ounce, hence 50 cents on the dollar would pay all the honest part of those organizations. To illus trate: When gold was at sl6 per ounce cotton was 10 and 12 cents, and wheat from $1 to $1 50 per bushel. The last crop of cotton sold at about 5 cents per pound and wheat at about 50 cents per bushel. Hence the pro ducer has to double the work to get the same amount of money. When he gets it, it will not buy double what it would when gold was at sl6 per ounce. The supply of gold is not sufficient for the demand, nor would it be with gold at SIOO per ounce.—Southern Mercury. AFTER FREE COINAGE WHAT? (From the Chisago Sentinel.) Populists have always favored the free coinage of silver. Democrats now indorse it. Republicans do not op pose it, and European Shylocks “sym pathize with the movement.” It is well to inquire relative to the motives of the old party managers in consenting, we will say, to the free coinage of silver. It is readily understood that the Shylocks want to boom the commodity value of the white metal to be able to unload their vast silver holdings at immense profits. But what is the goldbug monomet allist going to make by such a deal? Let us see. There can be no question that one object of the silver movement was to trap the People’s Party into the Democratic enclosure, and then crush them by defeating the Democrats. But their main object is undoubted ly kept in the back ground. Populists favor free coinage to make money more plenty; but plenty of money is not what the gold bugs want. When the time comes to pass the act pro viding for free coinage of silver, the goldbug will get in his work by im posing certain conditions. Then every old party paper will be gin to howl about the evils of “infla tion of the currency” which will be introduced to retire the greenbacks— that enemy of all banking institu tions, since it brings them no profits. The greenbacks once destroyed, our astute Congressmen will make the discovery that, as the capacity of our mints is but $40,000,000, annually, it will take nearly ten years to replace the destroyed greenbacks with silver coin. . Then Shylock’s best trump card will be played with a zest —issue $50,000,000 gold bonds as a basis for national bank notes to be issued for the pur pose of preventing undue contraction of the currency. These measures passed, and the Shylock-goldbug policy will be trium phant and complete,the policy entered upon two years ago, viz: Repeal tlie Sherihan law, retire the greenbacks, issue half a billion intefest-bearing gold bonds. If this scheme can be carried out, the government will be out of the banking business, Populism will be as dead in Kansas and Nebraska as it is now in Connecticut and New Jersey, and gold will be king in all America. There is every indication that sub stantially the above will be the old party programme. The cry of free silver will be used to knock out the greenbacks, and the “new silver party” will be the club with which Shylock hopes to kill the old Greenback party, as the Populist party really is. But the scheme won’t work. It would have stood a better chance of succeeding eight years, or even four years, ago, but Populists are now too numerous; besides, they know too much to be fooled any more, even by such adepts as Grover Sherman Alli son and Carlisle. After free silver, what? Why, national treasury notes up to |SO per capita. Let us have sound money, lots of it, and government banks to keep it in. t A GREAT QUESTION. How Railroad Taxes Should Be Fixed. THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S ARGUMENT. Present Value Not the Question, But Real Cost. Attorney General Childs held the floor in Judge Kerr’s court most of the after noon yesterday making his address in be half of the state in the Great Northern grain rate case. Attorney Grover resumed his argument in behalf of the Great . Northern when court opened in the morn ing; and after Mr. Childs, who followed him, concluded in the evening, Attorney Kellogg began his argument in behalf of the Northern Pacific. Mr. Kellogg had not finished when court adjourned, but will conclude this morning, when the case will be submitted to Judge Kerr to exer cise his brain upon during a portion of his vacation. In his address, Attorney General Childs said, in part: “It is an unjust measure of the value of railroad property to say it is worth so much, as compared with adjoining prop erty, because that value arises by reason of the existence of the roads. Wipe out all the railroads in the state and what would it cost for terminals and right of way? I cannot in justice assent to the proposition that the Great Northern or Northern Pacific right-of-way is entitled to much consideration in this case. Under the system of tax on the gross earnings of the roads they do not pay their just share of taxation.” Mr. Childs then read from A. B. Stick ney’s book, “The Railway Problem,” with reference to the power wielded by railway corporations and their officials in the mak ing of laws and their administration. Continuing, he said: “It is safe to say that these roads did not cost over 33 1-3 per cent of the estimate of their present value. The value of a railroad is almost impossible to ascertain.. The cost of a road cannot be taken as the proper basis of the value on which it is entitled to a fair rate of interest. There may have been extravagance or rascality in the con struction and equipment of it. Neither are they entitled to interest on the basis of their present value, because, as I have said, this value is largely due to the mere fact that the road exists.” Judge Kerr —Suppose one Red River Valley farmer paid $25 an acre for his land while another got his at $2.50 an acre. Would the first be entitled to any higher price for his land because he paid the higher price for it? What we want to get at is the principle. “Your honor, I should not for an in stant attempt to controvert that proposi tion if we were attempting to set the value of the property—the price at which it should he sold,” replied Mr. Childs. “But we are here endeavoring to ascertain the amount on which they are entitled to draw interest. The state gave them the right to build the roads instead of building them itself.” Mr. Grover —Suppose the state were ap praising the roads to take possession of them under the exercise of the right of eminent domain? “Then there would be no question but that they would have to be paid for on the basis of their present value,” respondecl the attorney general, “but the question as to the amount on which they are entitled to a return is quite a different thing.” “The supreme court makes no distinc tion between the thking of property with out compensation and the taking of the use of it,” retorted Attorney Grover. “Well, I cannot assent to the proposi tion that the roads are entitled to inter est on their present value. It is repug nant to my sense of justice,” said Mr. Childs. Continuing, lie said: “The ques tion of rates is always a very difficult thing to determine. The courts are all disposed to consider every case in itself, taking into account all the various cir cumstances to arrive at the knowledge of what a fair rate is. “If this principle had been applied by the Great Northern company, it would never have brought this case into court, hut would have accepted a reduction of rates to meet the present condition of the farmers. Farmers have been losing money raising wheat.” Judge Kerr —I heard the same thing from Central and Southern Minnesota 25 years ago, but since they have been en gaged in diversified farming there is no more prosperous class of farmers in the country. “I agree with your honor’s opinion as to ■the desirability of diversified farming,” returned Mr. Childs, “and that is what it must come to up North, but we must take the conditions as we find them, and I sub mit that these people are entitled to some consideration.” “I agree with you in that,” responded ' the court. “Then we will discuss the question no farther,” said the attorney general, with a smile. Mr. Childs then went into the question of the apportionment of interstate com merce, contending that the mileage basis was the only fair one, and referring to the testimony of one of the Northern Pacific officials to bear out his assertion. If SIOO was paid for hauling a car of shingles from Puget sound to St. Paul, every mile of road over which it passed was entitled to credit for the same portion of this amount as every other mile, regardless of the fact that certain parts of the line farther west may have cost a great deal more than the line in this state. Judge Kerr —Suppose the line west of the boundary of this state were owned by another company and we were trying to divide the earnings, would the mileage basis be fair? “In a case of that kind there would be a joint tariff,” returned the attorney. The Court—Suppose the interstate com merce commission were endeavoring to fix a rate from the western boundary of North Dakota to Superior, would it not take into consideration the cost of trans portation in the respective states? “No; it would not consider state lines, but would consider all the conditions sur rounding the line for the’whole distance.” Cl OH A year q CENTS IN ADVANCE & A COPY Mr. Childs, in conclusion, said the Northern Pacific had no standing in court in the case at all—had no buisness there. The Court —Then why has the supreme court, while denying it the right to inter vene, given it the right to be heard here, and why has the railroad (commission i given it that right? “It is simply given the right to come in and be heard fhe same as it might go be fore a committee investigating the ques tion of rates, the purpose being to give the court full knowledge of all the circum- ) stances,” replied Mr. Childs. ‘‘Has the court a right to take into ac count the facts submitted by this com pany?” “Only so far as they apply to the reason ableness of rates on the Great Northern.” RODE THE OLD PARTY GOAT. A NOBSERVING REPORTER MTXES UP LODGE MATTERS AND POLITICS. One of the many reporters of the Silverites,whoso duty it is at times to attend lodges and political meetings, became badly tangled up the other day while pushing the festive Faber in search for items. Grouped about Alderman Darbee’s store were a num ber of individuals, some of whom were talking politics while other were en gaged apparently in the discussion of matters appertaining to secret socie ties. The dialogues soon bocarae somewhat mixed and confusing and when the scribe had completed put ting down everything he heard it sounded something like the speakers were all members of the Hijis, Popu lists, free masons or something. Note the language: “From whence come you?” “From my lodging place in the county of holy Missoula.” “Then you are a Populist, I sup pose?” “I’m a Pop, you bet.” “Ilowido you know yourself to be a Populist?” * “By having been called a calamity howler; and I’m ready to howl again.” “Where were you first prepared to be made a Pop?” “In the Republican party.” “Where next?” “It the Demo-Republican party.” “How were you prepared?” “By being robbed regularly every year, for teu years, in the interest of railroads, corporations, trusts, loan companies and thieving public offi cials, until I was divested of all mate rial substance,neither clothed nor fed, sheltered nor shod, whereupon I was summoned to appear at the door of a certain lawyer’s office land give a dis tinct knock.” “What was said to you from with in?” “Who comes here?” “Your answer?” “A poor, drouth-striken farmer who desires more time upon hln obliga tion.” “What was then demanded of you?”" “Cash.” “Had you cash?” “I had it not, but the other fellows had my notes and were ready to fore close.” “What were you then told?” “To wait until the worshipfulfcnort gagee in the East could be informed of my request and his answer re turned.” . , • “Let him enter his pleadings in court and be received in due and an cient form.” “How were you received?” “Upon the sharp point of a defi ciency judgment to everything in sight, which was to teach me that as the law is an instrument of justice, it was also the weapon of moral high waymen.” “How were you then disposed of?” “1 was then conducted to the senior warden of the jail, who told me how I might approach my wife’s relations in the East for further assistance, and directed me to meet the worshipful major at the soldiers’ reunion.” “How did the worshipful major dis pose of you?” “He ordered me to return to the party from whence I came, vote the ticket which I had formerly voted, §nd return to the next year’s reunion for further instructions.”—Montana Sll verite. ELECTION BY THE HOUSE. Col. W. Dudley, a politician of varied and keen experience, is out in a pathetic howl over the danger of throwing the next Presidential elec tion into the House on account of the financial issue. Mr. Dudley certainly shows that the thunder of the coming/ financial storm has awakened him) from his slumber. We do not know/ ,but that his fears are well grounded. We do know, or think we know, that the next president will«not bo dug out of* the Wall street pit. It may be , that the people will elect the Presi- I dent by a clear-cut, overwhelming majority. If they should not happen to do so, the election will likely go to the House. The result will be the same in either event, but it is almost impossible to convince politicians of the Dudley stamp that this will be the case. They are usually loaded with confidence that the yellow metal gang will win. One of the leading partisan papers recently said that the Western silver states could vote as they pleased, but that there were enough toters east of the Mississippi to carry gold to a victory. We are glad to see this confidence. Nothing aids so much in whipping an opponent as to have him cherish a tom-fool con fidence. Barring, Ohio, and perhaps Michigan, .there is not a Western state that will not go for silver. The South is for silver, and in a triangular fight, the result in some of the east ern states will be for the double standard. Let the silver men permit the other fellows to do the blowing, while they keep quiet and saw wood. —Farmers Voice. The raise in wages is explained. The steel and a few other firms raised wages 10 per cent and com pelled men to do double work! O, yes, capital is cute. Sounds nice to say wages are raised, is a big political club to swing, and the poor devils tied down to twice as much work as before are unable to tell the world that their wages have actually been reduced because of increased buidens laid upon them. What flaunting iWl* —Coming Nation.