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The representative. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1893-1901, July 17, 1895, Image 1

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——— : : * 1
VOL. 111. NO. 12. WHOLE NO. 116.
A St. Paul Man in Chicago, Out of
Work, Unable to Procure Money
Enough to Get Home to At
tend the Funeral of His
Dead Child,
Resorts to Crime and Is Shot Down,
After Wounding Three Men.
The following report came from ’Chi
Chicago, July 9—ln Western despera
do style a man, supposed to he C. E.
Ccle, assaulted and attempted to rob P.
G. McGloin in his saloon at 64 Adams
6treet in the heart of the business dis
trict of Chicago last evening. After se
riously wounding McGloin, the thief es
caped and made the most remarkable
race for liberty ever seen in the streets
of Chicago. After firing into the mob
that pursued him and seriously wound
ing three citizens, he was run down and
killed by Officer Rosenthal opposite the
entrance of the Auditorium on Congress
The wounded men are P. G. McGloin,
saloon-keeper, three wounds on the head,
will recover; H. M. Sterrberg, shot in the
abdomen, taken to St. Luke’s hospital
will probably die; Samuel Stone, shot in
right leg, will recqyer. ,
McGloin was alone in his saloon when
Cole entered and ordered a glass of beer.
This was served to him, and he then
asked the saloon-keeper to get him some
meat that he claimed to have left in the
icebox of the saloon. McGloin walked
to the entrance of the icebox and Cole,
drawing a revolver, ordered him to go
inside and stay there. McGloin turned
and struck the robber in the face, 'nearly l
knocking him down. The men clinched
and fought desperately. Cole managed
to get one arm free and with his revolver
he pounded the saloon-keeper viciously,
inflicting three wounds. The robber then
broke loose from McGloin and running
to the front entrance of the saloon,
turned west on Adams street.
Although bleeding profusely, McGloin
followed, and was only a few steps be-
I hind when the thief turned into O’Brien’s
f taloon at 84 Adams street, and, still hold
ing the revolver In his hand, ran out of
the rear door on Quincy street. He then
turned east, and at State street boarded
a southbound cable car. McGloin was
■till close upon him, however, and Cole,
seeing that he could not shake off his
pursuer, ran through the car and con
tinued his flight south on State street.
Several citizens had by this time joined
In the chase, and after running one block
to Jackson street, Cole fired one shot into
the crowd, which failed to hit anybody.
The flight and pursuit then turned to
ward Wabash avenue, and south upon
that street. Officers Rosenthal and Daly
In citizen’s clothes were walking on Van
Buren street just as Cole, closely followed
the bleeding saloon-keeper and a
crowd of citizens, ran across the street,
going south. They at once joined in the
chase, and as Cole was badly winded by
this time, they rapidly came up with
him. Half way between Van Buren
street and Congress street Rosenthal was
dose upon his man and ordered him to
surrender. Cole replied with a shot and
the bullet tore through the stomach of
Sternberg, who was among the leaders of
the pursuit. Just before reaching the
corner of Congress street the officer fired
at the fugitive, who returned the com
pliment. The bullet of the officer went
wild, but that of Cole brought down
Stone, another of the pursuers, with a
ball through the leg. Rosenthal fired a
second time, and this time Cole stag
gered. He continued to run, however,
turned the corner and ran east on Con
gress street until he was directly in front
of the entrance to the Auditorium thea
ter, where he fell. He died within two
minutes without saying a word. The of
ficer’s bullet had passed through his left
kidney and into the lung.
Then came the following report:
Chicago, July 9. —The body of the man
Who was shot and killed by Policeman
Roseothal in front of the Auditorium
last night, has been identified as that of
Charles Gorman, who lived at the Hotel
Somerset, Twelfth street and Wabash av
enue From the laundry mark on his
shirt he was supposed to be C. E. Cole,
but the linen was borrowed before the
shooting occurred, and his real identity
was established by the man who had
befriended him. Monday afternoon Gor
man received a telegram from his wife
In St. Paul, saying that his baby daugh
ter had died the night before, and urging
hinij to come to her. He made every
effojrt to secure money to take him to
where his dead baby was, and, after re
peated failures in a moment of despera
tion h«r attempted to rob Saloonkeeper
MeGloin that he might have funds with
which to go to his wife. C. E. Cole, the
man who loaned Gorman the linen, and
■jrho identified bis body, is in charge of
the dining room of the Union League
club. He roomed at the hotel with Gor
man, and knew him well. Last night
about 6 o’clock Gorman met Cole as the
latter was leaving the club house, and
showed him a telegram from his wife,
Genevieve Gorman, telling him of the
* death of his child. He tried to sell a
large revolver to Cole, but the latter did
not have the amount necessary—slß
Then the two men tried to pawn the
weapon, but could get no more than $6
on it. Gorman then tried to trade it at
the railroad offices for a ticket to St.
I Paul, and, this effort being unsuccessful,
I the two men went back to the hotel.
I Gorman was very uneasy, and about 7
| o’clock said he must renew his efforts ta
I get the money. He started down town,
I and was not seen again by Cole until his
I body was identified. In Gorman’s trunk
I were found letters of recommendation
I from various bar rooms where he had
I been employed, one of them being from
I the Grand Pacific Hotel in Chicago. All
I the testimonials spoke of him as a man
of integrity. Earlier in the day the body
was identified as that of George E. Cole,
of Denver, but the papers establish his
identity as Gorman beyond a doubt.
Last night it was telegraphed from
Chicago that the supposed Cole was
Charles Gorman and that his wife lived
at 64 East Seventh street St. Paul. No.
64 is a business block between Cedar and
Minnesota streets. The front rooms on
the second story are occupied by Mrs.
Mary E. Mitchell,, “business and trance
medium.” When a Globe reporter in
quired last night for Mrs. Charles Gor
man, Mrs. Mitchell introduced her daugh
ter, a slender, girlish young woman of
twenty-one, with pearly teeth, loose
black hair, and large, dark eyes. She
had been weeping, presumably for her
husband; but at the first intimation that
he was not well, the young wife threw
up both hands and almost fainted in her
mother’s arms. Mrs. Gorman had pre
vious cause for grief, for her baby boy
had been buried a few hours before, and
the father expected here yesterday morn
ing had neither arrived nor explained
his absence. Upon a bed in the same
room cooed laughingly little Della, the
surviving child of the stricken mother.
Without being fully informed of the ex
tent of her affliction, young Mrs. Gorman
told that she had married her husband
in St. Paul two years ago. They imme
diately left the city, and have since re
sided in New York, Chicago, Boston and
at various other points.
The husband had been a traveling
man previous to his marriage, being
employed, at one time, Chapin & Gore,
the great liquor firm w Chicago Since
his marriage, he had done no regular
work, but had received some assistance
from his brother, George Gorman, who
is a traveling agent for some agricul
tural implement house of Boston. She
believed it was the Walworth Manufac
turing company. He had another broth
er, Harvey Gorman, who had once been
a well known bicycle rider of Brockton,
Mass. She described her husband lov
ingly, amidst her sobs, as being always
most devoted to herself and the children.
He was a tall, handsome man with a
dark brown moustache and dark blue
eyes. He had not been a drinking man.
He had never been involved in any crim
inal trouble. Fo«r months ago she re
turned here to be with her mother. A
month later her little boy was born. The
father had been financially unfortunate,
and could not come to her side. He had
written frequently from Chicago, and
was expected here soon. Last Sunday
the baby was taken seriously ill. She
at once telegraphed her husband, care of
the Great Northern Hotel, but received
no reply. At 3 o’clock the same day the
child was dead. Monday morning she
received a telegram, announcing that her
message had just arrived, and inquiring
anxiously about “darling.” Mrs. Gorman
telegraphed her husband to come home
immediately. He had been anxiously
looked for the whole day yesterday, and
the news of his desperate death first
broke the suspense.
Every no*w and then, and oftner, I
am asked about the liquor >curse.
Many do not seem to be able to real
ize that the liquor problem is only
one of the effects of the social system,
and will remain more or less aggra
vating so lone as ‘the present system
of society remains. So long as men
are forced to make profits, so long as
wealth, no matter how obtained, is
the open sesame to social and political
power, so long will the liquor problem
be here to vex them. I consider
liquor selling as respectable as bank
ing and has done less harm—for the
poverty that has driven men to ignor
ance and drink has been caused by
the infamous laws in the interests of
bankers. The more poverty, the less
home life, and the less home life the
more attractive will be saloons and
gambling. Of course there are many
plans, if carried out. that would
eliminate the drink and gambling
curse—the simplest one is for people
to quit patronizing them. But before
that can ever be, social conditions
must be changed so that higher ideals
may be instilled into the masses.
This cannot be done while they are in
a life and death struggle with pov
erty. Poverty can not be abolished
while the banking, railroad, tele
graph, coal, oil, meat, clothing and
hundreds more combines are robbing
the people on everything they eat,
drink, wear and look at. Drink is on
ly one big sore on a smallpox patient;
'cure the body and that sore will dis
appear. So long as private monopolies
exist, the disease will exist. Public
monopoly for public good is the cure.
—Coming Nation. -
A' recent writer says
Does any one long doubt that de
monetization is the cause, the chief
cause, of our money contraction? If
so. let him stop and take a candid
look at the way things have been run
ning in this country, all along since
1873, and be convinced.
And does any one longer doubt that
money contraction is the sure cause
and precursor of money famine and
financial distress? And consequently
the cause of the shrunken and shrink
ing values and the unhappy financial
condition of this country? If so, I
I would refer him to all of our leading
statesmen who have ever expressed
an opiniod on the question. I have
only time and room to quote a few:
John A. Logan said:
The cause of our depression is mon
ey famine, and nothing else.
James A. Garfield said:
Whoever controls the volume of
money of any country is absolute mas
ter of a4l industry and commerce.
Daniel Webster said:
Liberty can not longer endure in
any country where the tendency is to
concentrate wealth in the hands of a
Andrew Jackson said:
If Congress has the right under the
Constitution to issue paper money, it
was given them to be used by them
selves, not to be delegated to individ
uals or corporations.
Abraham Lincoln said: ,
If a government contracted a debt
with a certain amount of money of
circulation, and theu contracted the
money volume before the debt was
paid, it is the most henious crime
that a governmet could commit
against the people.
$162,325,500 Since March 1,
(Philadelphia American.)
The close of the nation’s finances'
year brings us to an end of uncertain
ties as to the national deficit. The
excess of expenditures over receipts
has been $45,825,049. This, added to
the deficit of the year before, makes
an ipcrease of our indebtedness of
$105,628,309 since the first beginning of
a fiscal year after Mr. Cleveland’s in
auguration. Our interest-bearing in
debtedness has increased $162,325,500
since March 1, 1893. To meet this
evident decline in our paying power,
the Democratic Congress effected a
retrenchment to the extent of sll,-
390,064. On the other hand, the im
provement in receipts, of which we
heard so much in January last, result
ed tn a paltry increase of but $15,588,-
145'over the revenue of the fiscal year
of 1893-94. This is not an encouraging
exhibit. To most countries it would
mean impending bankruptcy. That
no such fear is excited in America
proves the stability of our confidence
in the nation which we decline to con
found with its incompetent rulers.
Clearly Mr. Carlisle owes much to
this confidence, however uncompli
mentary it may be to himself. He
has completed a year which would
have wrecked any budget-maker in
Europe, even after the largest allow
ance for the limits placed to his re
sponsibility by our constitutional sys
tem. His predictions as to how mat
ters would go in our incomes»and out
goes have all been falsified. He has
recommended only measures which
have proved wasteful of our revenue.
His only proposals now are that we
should go straight on in our present
spendthrift policy and take the con
sequences. He and his superior in of
fice have driven even their own party
into' rebellion by their misplaced
optimism and practical shiftlessness.
They will neither recognize the grav
ity of the situation, nor propose any
real remedy for it.
With one class, indeed,Mr. Carlisle’s
policy is extraordinarily popular—with
the money-lenders, He has placed
the finances of the country binder
their “protection,” and has maae it
possible for them to extract, a hand
some profit out of the difficulties
which the single gold standard has
created. And now their organs begin
to assure us that Mr. Carlisle should
see his way to relieving them from
the terms of their agreement with
the Treasury. They agreed to import
gold enough to re-establish the Treas
ury reserve. Is it not sufficient if
they have prevented the export of
gold to the amount specified in the
These people are wonderfully tena
cious of the letter of the nation’s
bond, when'it has made a promise to
the money-lenders. They even insist
on reading into it more than is writ
ten there. It says, “lawful money of
the United States.” They say this
must be interpreted to mean gold and
nothing else, although the country
made no such distinction between
gold and silver when those bonds were
issued. This very contract grew out
of the refusal of Secretary Carlisle to
pay out silver in redemption of Treas
ury notes, although the law author
ized the payment. The public then
shall pay beyond the terms of its
agreement, but the money-lenders
shall not be required to pay up to
theirs! This is the policy which
claims a monopoly of honesty in
the United States.
We never like to question the legal
ity of a decision by a court. The court
is composed of lawyers, who ought to
know what the law and constitution
is, and we are not a lawyer. But if
the decision on the income tax case
is correct, then our constitution is
distressingly lop-sided. More and
more,according to the decisions of the
courts, wealth is being relieved of its
burdens and the masses are being
loaded with greater exactions. We
seem to be drifting headlong into the
old time regard for the sanctity of the
dollar and the old time disregard for
the sacredness of manhood. We ap
pear to be drifting towards the condi
tion of ancient Rome,in which wealth
laughed, danced, drank and ate, in de
lightful irresponsibility, while the
poor languished in the bastiles. If
there is anything, constitution or
what not, that shields wealth from
bearing the burden of taxation, it
should be swept away as soon as ac
tion upon it can be reached. It is
treason against right and justice and
humanity to pile taxation upon our
farms and labor and let wealth go
pretty nearly scot free. If this
decisiou does not stir the people to a
determination to capture Congress
and our Legislatures ior tne purpose
of changing the Constitution ia the
interests of the masses, it is difficult
to conceive what can do it.
The Estes & Wood Company, Mail
Order Distributers, St. Paul, are well
known and reliable Minnesota men.
Mr. Estes, ex-Unlted States consul at
Jamaica, was formerly of Madelia,and
Mr. Wood has been in the mercantile
business in St. Paul for years. They
sell everything to farmers at whole
sale prices from a needle to a thresh
ing machine. Write for catalogue.
If all the gold in the world was equal
ly divided among all the people of the
world, it would hot be enough for
each to have a piece large enough to
be seen with the naked eye. Yet we
are asked to make this the basis of all
the promises of the pteople.—Hender
son, (Ky.) Courier.
In'*‘defence Is a Besetting Sin of
the People.
.Ration Progresses—The Reyolu-
tion Must Come.
Emma Ghent Curtis in Chicago Sentinel.)
I remember once having seen in a
comic paper the picture of a dilapi
dated old darkey patched up with
court plaster, bandaged up with mus
lin of divers hues, walking with a
crutch and carryi’hg his arm in a
sling. He was the door of
his cabin and just over that door
hung a sign bearing the words:
“Mule for Sale.” That picture con
tained volumes of meaning. The
mule was a failure so far as the col
ored gentleman was concerned and
the same had wisely decided to get
rid of him. Is it not high time for
the American people, plastered with
mortgages, burdened with debt, out
of work, out of homes, cut of hope, to
hang out a sign reading, ‘‘System of
Government to Dispose of.”
One of the worst evils of present
day American politics is partisanship.
This partisanship is so largely the re
sult of representative government
that were the latter set aside the
former would gradually dissipate.
Partisanship may have a few good
points but these can be considered at
some other time. One of its worst
evils has been the tendency to cause
voters /to look at all measures in a
prejudiced light and not upon the
question of their merits.
Smith has always been a Democrat,
for this reason he does not carefully
weigh and consider the probable ef
fect of any measure proposed by his
party, upon his prosperity and busi
ness. Not one such measure does he
consider upon its actual merits; he is
a Democrat and because the measures
are the children of his party he
blindly upholds them. They may tax
him out of all reason, reduce his
wages or the value of his property, but
he will not complain. He will lay the
blame of his misfortunes upon other
causes than the official acts he should
well know produced them. Jones is a
Republican, and he pursues a precise
ly similar policy with regard to his
party and the mens .'res it advocates.
Now were our present system of rep
resentative government converted in
to a direct governmet, and the four
teen-dollar-a day congressman set to
plowing corn instead of plowing pros
perity of the masses up by the roots,
we would have far less partisanship.
The said congressman and his sate
lites would have something else to do
besides setting people whose interests
are identscal upon each others’
throats. A proposed law would be
presented to the people not as a meas
ure of any political party,but as some
thing a large per cent of the ‘‘great
plain people” had asked for through
the initiative. Thus presented the
measure would arouse no venom and
no unreasoning partisan hatred. It
would come before the people upon
its actual merits and upon these
alone would be accepted or rejectee.
I will mention a few of the objec
tions I have heard offered by well
meaning people to the system oi di
rect legislation, and will say a few
words as to the wisdom thereof.
1. “The people are not well enough
informed to decide upon all the im
portant measures of governmentjthey
would make terrific and fatal mis
takes.” It looks to the writer as if
somebody else had made some mis
takes. No thinking person can see
the awful condition of the American
laborers and producers and the tot
tering state of the Republic (so
called) and not know that fearful mis
takes have been made. The people, if
given direct legislation, may make a
few mistakes, but they will make no
worse ones than their representatives
have made, and moreover they will
know that so long as they hold the
initiative and referendum they have
the ready and effective means of cor
recting all mistakes and righting all
wrongs. If they unwisely do, they
can speedily undo. There will be
none of the present hopeless groaning
under irremediable wrong. As to
popular lack of information nothing
will put that evil to flight so readily
as direct legislation. It will bring the
actual, every day facts of government
to the very doors of the people and
compel them to know what is going
on, to think, to consider, to weich
and judge. It will fairly take hold “of
people and shake the political ignor
ance out of them. It will teach them
that good, plain common sense is
quite as useful and necessary in gov
ernment as it is driving a mule, hoe
ing potatoes or building fence.
2. “It is too much trouble to sub
mit all laws to the people.” Please
remember that under direct govern
ment there will be but few laws to
submit and these will be simple, con
cise and to the point. They will,
when printed, occupy but little space
upon the ballot. It will of course be
a little trouble for the people to in
form themselves upon the nature of
the laws they are to vote upon; it is
also some trouble to go hungry, to
hunt for work when none is to be
found, to move out a mortgaged
home, and to be the victim of a sweat
shop boss, as some people have to do
th/e present time.
3. “It will increase the cost of
elections.” As to this objection a
little consideration would be wise. Id
tli# first place the cost will not be in
creased, for the laws would be pre
sented to the people at the regular
elections, and would be printed upon
the same ballots tha-t carry the can
didates’ names. In Colorado all con
stitutional amendment are thus sub
mitted. In the second place the peo
ple would soon learn to save the en
tire present outlay for congressional
whiskey, official wakes, fi:ty-thousand
dollar presidents and oilier needless
government expenses; so that even if
the elections should cost a little more
(which they will not) the people would
in the long run be heavy gainers by
the exchange!.
Indifference is one of the besetting
sins of the American people. They
have too much dislike of innovations
in government, too great an aversion
to the courage required to break down
the mildewed images of the past. But
it is the firm belief of the reformer,
the one hope to which he clings, that
this lethargy will pass away and the
American people will again show the
spirit of ’76. It took many a year and
much expenditure of ink and lung
power to rear the public opinion that
resisted the Stamp Act, and it took
another long fight to bring about the
fall of chattel slayery. The mills of
the gods are slow but sure. Brother
or sister, let you and I be sure that
we do not slight one turn at the
wheel. Write if you can, talk if you
can, persuade if you can, and smile,
sing and be brave. Agitation, toil,
patience, then revolution. Direct leg
islation and a real republic may be
peaceably and speedily obtained if we
but persevere. The people are so tre
mendously in the majority that they
have only to decide what they want
and it is theirs for the demanding.
Canon City, Colo.
A Supreme Court Judge Says
Wealth More Potent In the
United States Than In Any
Other Country.
(From tlieChicago Times-Herald, Rep.).
No address of recent times has at
tracted more attention than that of
Justice Henry B. Brown, of the United
States supreme court, before the law
school of Yale. According to Justice
Brown danger to the country threat
ens from three directions, municipal
misgovern inent, corporate greed and
the tyranny of labor.
Concerning corporate greed, Justice
Brown said:
Universal suffrage, which it was con
fidently supposed would inure to the
benefit of the poor man,is so skillfully
manipulated as to' rivet his chains,
and secure to the rich man a predom
inance In politics he has never enjoy
ed under a restricted system. Prob
ably in no country in the world is the
influence of wealth more potent than
in this, and in no period of our his
tory has it been more powerful than
Mobs are never logical, and are
prone to seize upon pretexts rather
than upon reasons, to wreak their
vengeance upon whole classes of so
ciety. There was probably never a
flimsier excuse for a great riot than
that given for the sympathetic strike
of last summer, but back of it were
substantial grievances to which the
conscience of the citizens seems to
have been finally awakened.
The manner in which wealth was
used recently in Chicago to secure a
right of way for the Illinois Steel
Company is one of the most consicu
ous illustrations of the truth of Jus
tice Brown’s warning. The suffrage
by which the common people are sup
posed to be represented in the muni
cipal Legislature was betrayed by
their representatives to rich men.
The miserable creatures who took the
rich men’s money are criminals in the
eye of the law. But they are no more
censurable than the men of higher
standing in the community who used
their money in order to obtain a po
litical power against which the com
mon people appear to have no remedy.
“If wealth,” said Justice Brown,
“will not respect the rules of common
honesty in the use of its power, it will
have no reason to expect moderation
or discretion on the part of those who
resist its encroachments.” If the
Pullman Company, by the same meth
ods as the Illinois Steel Company has
employed, had secured public property
for perpetual dedication to its private
use, .the strike of a year ago would
have’ had a foundation in public sym
pathy far above any apparent or real
claim put forth by Debs and his asso
Do not scoff at Populism, Socialism,
or other “isms,” unless you really
know what these mean. Do not for
get, also, the fact that the newspa
pers whence you get your knowledge
o! these “isms” are controlled and
dictated by monopoly, which is at the
bottom of all your troubles, and which
“isms” seek to destroy.—lndustrial
News. ,
Free Silver Democrats Are Pre
paring to Make a Party
FIELD IN 1896.
Special to the St. Paul Dispatch Rep.:
Washington,July 9,—The free silver
Democrats are preparing to make
their most important play. The com
ing convention, to be helt) in the
shadow of the treasury departmentin
this city, and within a few squueik-of
the White House, is pregnant with
developments, which will necessarily
have a great bearing on the presiden
tial campaign next year. The free
coinage element, since the Kentucky
state convention, realize that they
will have the concentrated influence
of the administration and the army
of officeholders against them. The
fact that it will take two-thirds of
the number of delegates in the next
national convention to nominate or
to adopt the party platform, is a tell
ing blow for the silver men.
It is, therefore, their purpose, at the
approaching Washington convention,
to declare, once for all, that if the na
tional democracy is to be controlled
by the gold monometallists, it is time
to recognize the party. In other
words, the followers of Harris, Jones
and Turpie, who signed the silver
convention call, are preparing to leave
the Democratic party, if it continues
to stand by the Cleveland-Cariisle
policy. The Democratic senators
mentioned, as well as others
who favor free coinage, say that the
president has decided to drop tariff
reform and make gold monometallism
the leading issue. They say he has
entrusted the management of the
coming contest to Senator Gorman in
Maryland,Senator Brice in Ohio,Sena
tor Smith in New Jersey, and Secre
tary Carlisle and Senator Lindsay in
Kentucky. Less tharra year ago, it is
cited, Mr, President Cleveland was ac
cusing these men who to-day have as
sumed the party leadership of “party
perfidy and dishonor.” The old-time
Democrats of the Morgan-Ilarris-Tur
pie stripe are no w about to raise the
cry of “party perfidy and dishonor,”
on the ground that the president has
joined hands Avith the men who forced
the present tariff bill on the party,
and who were ashamed to call on the
chief executive for months after their
course during the Fifty-third Con
The breach is widening in the
Democratic party, and the meeting of
the free-coinage wing, which assem
bles near the spot where the cele
brated Rothschild bond deal was con
summated on August 14, will be the
forerunner of the bolt that is sure to
come in the next Democratic conven
tion. It has been said by some of the
administration supporters that the
silver Democrats will be swung into
line next year. Harris and Turpie
and the other free-coinage men will
not forsake a lifelong conviction.
Sooner than see Carlisle nominated
and elected to the presidency, they
will place a straight-silver ticket in
the field, even though it results in Re
publican success. In 1893 the free-sil
ver Democrats will have full control
of the party.
“We used to say intemperance was
the cause of poverty. Now we have
completed the circle of truth by say
ing poverty causes intemperance, and
the underpaid, under-sheltered, wage
earning teetotaler deserves a thous
and times more credit than the teeto
taler who is well paid, well fed, and
well sheltered.
•‘ln the slums they drink to forget.
We should make life something they
would gladly remember; so would you.
Our objects are the same. Let us
clasp hands in the'unity of spirit and
the bond of peace.*’—BTances Willard.
Liberty Is Encroached Upon Little
By Little.
A Monarchy In Fact Is the Result.
(From the Chicago Sentinel.)
About forty years ago I read a hun
ter’s encounter with a snake that il
lustrates Uncle Sam’s combat with the
Great Red dragon, the Money Power.
Two ment went out to hunt ducks.
One of them shot a duck and went to
pick it up in the tall grass, and as he
took it up he felt something wrap *
around his ankle. He looked around
and saw that a big blacksnakc seven
or eight feet long had wrapped its
tail around his ankle, and was In the
act of clearing itself from the tan
gled grass.
He said he being a very strong man
wa3 not frightened at all, but
thought he was going to have some
It raised itself up gracefully In
front .of him, and he grabbed it
around its neck, thinking he could
hold it easily. But quick as a flash
it jerked itself out of his hand Avrap
ped around his leg above his knee, and
darted its head at his face as if to get
it in his mouth. He said he now saw
that it was going to be serious busi
ness, instead of fun. The next move
it made it sprang up and wrapped
around his waist. He determined to
put all his strength and take it off.
But he said he might as well have un
dertaken to break a steamboat cable.
It made another quick move and
wrapped around his waist the second
time. Then it began to tighten up.
His breath began to grow short.
Everything began to look blue, He * v
thought of his knife for the first
time, but he could Dot get his hand in
his pocket. ‘By a tremendous effort he
tore a hole in his pocket ,and barely
had sense enough by this time to open
the sharpest blade and cut the ser
pent and fell to the ground uncon
scious. When he came to his
senses his companion who had
heard his call for help was
standing over him. All was the work
of a few minutes. He said it was
months before he fully recovered from
the effects of the bugging^
When the exceptions- were placed
on the greenbacks the Great Bed
dragon got hie tail around Uncle
Sam’s ankle. When the national
banks were chartered it got its coils
around his hind leg. When the re
sumption fraud of specie payments
was entered upon, it twisted itself
around his waist; and in 1873 it took
a second twist, and since then it has
begun to shut off his wind, and short
en his breath, and thing look very
blue* Now the question is: How is
this serpent going to be removed?
Will it have to be cut loose? Every
thing in the political firmament now
reminds us of 1860. History is re
peating itself fast. In 1860 Mr. Doug
lass divided the Democratic party.
That elected Mr. Lincoln. Now both
the old parties are being divided by
the silver question. It looks as if this
confusion in the old parties would
make the Populists successful in 1896.
If so are we to have a repetition of
1860? We had a Drcd Scott decision
that the negro had no rights that a
white man was bound to resDect.
Now we virtually have a decision
from the same gowned authentic
court, 'that a man has no rights that
the rich High Priests of Mammon are
bound to respect. Will they respect •
the results of the election if the poor
man’s party wins? This same court
can issue an injunction prohibiting
the Populist candidate from taking
the seat if elected. See! Why not
send him to jail instead of inaugurate
him as president? They are trying
the injunction plan to see how the
people will stand it,and educating the
people to stand it. The policy of the
slavocracy was to rule or ruin, and the
policy of Plutocracy is the same. We
have no Republic now, only in name.
We are a Plutocracy and King Mon
opoly reigns in our boasted ‘land of the
free and home of the brave.”
That serpent encroaches on our lib
erties little by little. The people are
educated to stand one measure of In
iquity before another is foisted on
them. Becoming used to, or familiar
with one, then another is introduced.
First the serpent fastens on the leg;
then the body. The people now will
endure what they would have rebelled
against fifty years ago. The stamp
act that precipitated the war of 1776
was not a drop in the bucket com
pared to tlip usurpation levied on the
people now" king Monopoly levies six
cents a gallon on every gallon of coal
oil used by 70 millions of people, and
by a stroke of the pen filches millions
of dollars from the people; but they
stand it. And there will be no let up,
nor limit to the exactions of our King
Monopoly, but the absolute exhaus
tion of the people. Greed knows no
bounds. The oppressions will in
crease until the masses arc made des
perate, then the pcdulum will swing
to the other extreme.
Rev. D. Oglesby,
Richview, 111., June 20, 1895.
From 1860 to 1880 there was a de
crease of 13,305 farmers in the state of
New York, as against an increase of
3,360,000 acres in the cultivated area.
Again, from 1880 to 1890 there was a
decrease of 16,1 IQ in the number of
farms. Secondly, the rural pupuia
-5‘ 0ns if ad »ly decreasing, in spite of
the the diversification of agriculture
and the growing use of land for such
labor-employing branches of cultiva
tion as vegetables, fruit, grapos, nurs
ery trees, flour plants, hops, etc. Of
the sixty counties in this state, forty
four showed for the last census decade
an aggregate decrease of over U6,.i
in their so-called “rural” populatio "

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