Newspaper Page Text
The Official Paper of the State Farmenf Alliance ana Industrial Union and the Advocate of People's Party Principles. PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY. By The Representative Publishing Co. Editor-In-Chief— IGNATIUS DONNELLY Associate Editor and Business Manager— E. A. TWITCHELL. Entered at the Postoffice at Minneapolis, Minr.., as second class matter. Address all communications to “THB REPRESENTATIVE.” No. 632 Bostoa Block, Minneapolis, Minn. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One year JI.OO Six months 50 Three months La The best way in which to send your sub scription money is by postofflce money or der or by registered letter. One or the oth er can be obtained at every postofflce in the United States. Express money orders are also cheap and convenient from the larger places. Bank bills sent in ordinary letters, while commonly safe enough, are occasionally lost, hence subscribers so tending must remember that they do so at their own risk. In changing the address to which a paper Is tc be mailed, it is absolutely necessary that the subscriber should give his old as well as the new address. Otherwise the ehange cannot be made. The receipt of subscription money is al ways acknowledged by the change of ex piration on the address label. No other receipt is necessary. If this change cf date is not made within two weeks from the time the money was sent, inquiry should then he made by the subscriber. STOPPING THE PAPER-The publisher must be notified in writing when the sub scriber wishes the paper stopped. Return ing paper or refusing to take if from your postmaster will not answer. The law is that every newspaper sub scriber is held responsible until all arrear ages are paid, and then the paper may be ordered discontinued. In order to reduce complaints to the min imum in future we desire to ask the fol lowing questions: Does your paper come regularly? Is your name corvectly spelled on jur mailing list? Are you getting mor,> than one copy? Does the date on the label of your pa per this week agree with your last receipt? If not notify us and w* wii rectify mat ters. PEOPLE BEING DECEIVED. By the first of December Gen. Otis will have as many troops at Manila as marched with Sherman from Atlanta to the sea, al most as many as fought with Wellington at Waterloo, and 10,000 more than England sent to America during the whole Revolu tionary war. And this army is backed up by a navy of battleships, cruisers, torpedo boats and gunboats that would have swept the combined fleets at Trafalgar from the ocean in a few minutes. And yet all this, according to McKinley’s. speech at Pitts burg, is to conquer but one tribe of Fili pinos whose leader, Aguinaldo, is but a would-be dictator, and not in accord or sympathy with the majority of his own tribe. Truly, this Aguinaldo must be a great warrior.—People’s Advocate, Mead ville, Pa. We assume that the foregoing was penned in sarcastic vein. The People’s Advocate is one of our staunch pioneer Populist papers, and closely watching every movement of the money power. Reformers every where have noted the facts above stated and know that while it may be- that Aguinaldo is a great warrior, it is beyond dispute that the administration is a great liar. Think of a government, the creature and servant of the voters, deliberately and continually misrepresenting to those voters. Agents deceiving their prin cipals. . Truth is, Aguinaldo has the support of the entire Filipino people as enthusi astically and patriotically as in 1776 George Washington had the support of the American people. Only a few months ago the cities sup posed to be under our sovereignty were allowed to elect mayor and some local officials by popular vote. Of course this was done to make the Filipinos feel that they were to enjoy self-govern ment if they acknowledged our sov ereignty over the islands. After the election it developed that every official so chosen was in sym pathy with Aguinaldo and doing all in their power to aid him. Here was a grand exhibition of loy slty and patriotism not exceeded even on this side of the sea. Readers of this paper who have any doubts about the merits or status of the Filipino war should, read, in another column, under caption “An Anti-Im perialistic View,” a letter from our friend, P. H. Harris, of this city. Mr. Harris is a Republican and wrote the letter for a Republican daily and Re publican readers, and on that account has no doubt contented his soul with a plain, unimpassioned and uncolored statement of facts. It wiU be noticed that he has not attempted argument or to force" his views upon the reader. His statements of fact are such as any Republican can read and feel that he Is free to draw his own conclusions. Among Republicans such a letter will do more to cause them to do their own thinking than the passionate at tacks of a Bryan. It Is facts that most thinking men want and they prefer to do their own reasoning. E A T CHOICE BETWEEN OLD PARTIES. At Lima, Ohio, McLean, millionaire Democratic candidate for governor of Ohio, speaking to a large audience of Democrats, said: “The first duty of every Ohio Democrat is to vote the Democratic ticket straight, but if for special or personal reasons he cannot do this, then vote for Nash.” What stronger evidence could be pro duced to show that the two old parties stand for the same thing/ In Ohio, Nash, the Republican candidate for governor, and McLean, both represent the millionaire interests of that state. Mayor Jones, of Toledo, is the people’s candidate running independent. He stands for direct legislation and public ownership of public utilities. The money power and both their candidates, McLean and Nash, stand opposed to all such reforms, hence this utterance of McLean’s. Both Nash and McLean are candi dates of the money power of Ohio. The choice between them is supposed to have some bearing upon whether the nation’s millionaires in 1900 will support a Republican or a Democrat for presi dent. Otherwise it is immaterial to the Ohio millionaires whether Nash or McLean wins. In either event the Interests of concentrated wealth will be cared for. This advice of McLean’s means, “any thing to beat Jones.” Why do the voters fail to see this? Why will voters help the schemers by voting for either of the old frauds? Why not call this gigantic bluff by voting en mass for Joj^? In 1900 the same game is planned for the national * Bryan has accepted the candidacy of Tammany. Croker and Wall street funds will be the chief instruments in his campaign, and if elected he is their man, their president. Every Democrat admits that McKin ley is only carrying out the will of his capitalistic masters. When these same capitalists become Bryan’s masters — what then? It is strange that any voter with a grain of sense should say, “Let’s vote for Bryan just this once.” Every sensi ble voter should desert both old frauds and their candidates and vote solidly against both. e. A. T. THE GERMS DO IT. A Remarkable Discovery, Our ancestors did not believe there was anything in the world they could not see; but the microscope has taught them that the part of creation they can not perceive with the unassisted eye is a thousand times greater than what they can see. It was thought that the different grades and flavors of wines were due to something peculiar to the soils of the various countries, but now the aston ishing fact is revealed that they depend upon millions of invisible forms of life. Read the following interesting article: WASHINGTON, Oct. 21.—“ Thanks to one of the latest discoveries of science, we are now able to make excellent wines of vari ous kinds without resorting to the grape,” said an expert of the department of agri culture yesterday. ’’Take a sip of this and tell me what you think of it.” “It’s sherry, and good stuff, too,” said the visitor, who was making investigations. Apple juice; nothing but apple juice” replied the professor. “Now try this ” “Maderia.” “Apple juice again. Now this.” “Sauterne, I should say.” “Apple juice once more,” said the pro fessor. “These wines—all of them capital, as you have noticed—are simply apple juice' fermented with yeasts of different kinds,’ but the yeasts are wine yeasts, fetched from famous grape growing districts in Europe.” “You see. the flavor and aroma of sherry, for example, are not due to the grape juice from which the wine is made, but to the microscopic fungus germs that cause its fermentation. We import these germs from the Xeres district in Spain, introduce them into fresh apple juice, and the result is indistinguishable from an excellent quality of sherry. It is the same way with hock. Maderia or champagne; we simply inoculate the apple Juice with the requisite fungi and they do the, rest. , “In the soil of the district of Xeres cer tain species of* minute fungi exist, which floating about in the air or adhering to the skins of the ripened grapes get into the vats of grape Juice and multiply in incal culable numbers feeding upon it and in cidentally giving to it a peculiar sherry flavor. We merely substitute apple juice which serves equally well as a basis, and we have sherry wine possessing the true flavor and aroma. There are concerns in France and other parts of Europe that make a business now of propagating the yeasts of various kinds of wines and put ting them up in hermetically sealed bottles for such uses. “The yeasts are obtained from the sedi ments of the vats and to propogate them is exceedingly easy, the only difficulty being to separate out and isolate those which produces the right sort of flavor and aroma. You see there are an immense number of varieties of such vegetable organisms and th quality of the wine depends mainly upon the kind of fungi which makes the fermentation. Hitherto such matters have been left to chance and hence the great differences in the quality of the vintages a given vintage yielding in some years a product of much finer quality than- in others. The grapes are the same, the pro cesses used are identical, but “Ihe micro scopic fungi that get into the raw grape Juice vary in kind. “For some time pasf brewers have fully understood this Idea as it applies to beer, and in their establishments nothing is con sidered quite so important as the preserva tion and propogation of particular species of germs for accomplishing the work of fermentation. “Only recently have winemakers applied the principle in their business, but the re sults already obtained are wonderful. They may keep on hand their own yeasts, or they can buy them ready bottled and guaran teed as to quality, putting into each vat of fresh grape juice the requisite quantity of the ‘germ culture.’ Ther can be no doubt that the introduction of this process in California will revolutionize the wine producing industry of that state. “Here is a little tube containing a small quantity of gelatine. The whitish patch which you see on the surface of the gela tine is a colony of wine fermenting ge;ms, numbering millions probably. Supposing that I wish to propogate these valuable fungi, I remove the stopper of absorbent cotton from the neck of the bottle and touch the yeast patch with the tip of a platinum needle, previously heated to de stroy all other germs that may have ad hered to it. Then I place the needle point in contact with another bit of sterilized gelatine or some other substance suitable for the tiny organisms to feed upon, and there is a fresh colony of them started. “In this way the fungi may be multi plied Indefinitely, but it has been found that the best stuff to breed them in is simply grape juice. That is the culture medium used by Jacquemin and other great producers of wine yeasts in Europe. You buy the stuff in bottles, as I have said, and put a pint of it perhaps into each vat of fresh juice from the vineyard as soon as possible after the grapes have been pressed. Immediately the germs begin to multiply, and within a few hours the fact that they are hard at work is made evident by symp toms of active fermentation. Having got so good a start they literally crowd out all other and less desirable kinds of fungi that may get into the must, and develop at leis ure the aroma and flavor most valued in the wine. “The famous Professor Wortmann has been the chief worker in this new and promising field. He took the finest Rhine wines, for examples, made 'cultures’ from the vat sediments, and thus obtained pure breeds of the most eligible micro-organisms. Then, for the sake of experiment, he made similar cultures from ordinary brands and introduced each kind of germ into a sepa rate receptacle of fresh grape juice, pre viously sterilized by heat, the grape Juice being all taken from one vat. The results were striking, each receptacle presently yielding, as by a conjuring trick, a differ ent sort of wine. That which was poorest might have fetched 25 cents a bottle, while the best—fermented with the selected fungi —was worth SB. “The use of artificially-bred yeasts for red wines has been adopted extensively of late, and laboratories in Switzerland, as well as in France, are putting these bot tled fungi on the market in large quanti ties. It is found desirable to employ for each kind of wine its own peculiar germs— for example, Burgundy yeast for Burgundy and so forth—rather than to mix them up! Each species of fungus seems to patronize by preference a particular sort of grape Juice, and does not do such good work when applied to any other sort. The contents of each vat are sterilised by heat before the fluid ‘culture’ is put in. The cider-making business of Europe has grown greatly within recent years, and in Germany it has attained immense pro portions, centering at Frankfort.. Pro ducers of the article have succeeded in ob taining cultures of the fungi which create, in the process of fermentation, the finest cider, and they apply them to the apple juice much as wine mak&if’ntllias roasts for grape Juice. In this manner exactre sults are. seemed In respect to quality of product, and already the finest sparkling ciders o t Frankfort are competing with the lesser grades of champagne. Briefly, the cider manufacturers have learned to - employ the methods adopted by brewers 10 years ago, utilizing pure yeasts In pref ernece to ‘going it blind’ and trusting to chance. “Similar yeasts, scientifically evolved, are now used in the making of certain liqueurs, such as ‘kirsch,’ and they are employed also in the manuufacture of commercial alcohol, producing a higher percentage of that ar ticle from potatoes or grain than can be got by ordinary fermentation. A member of the French Academy of Sciences, by the way, discovered not long ago, a new starch fungus, named by him ‘amylomyces,* whichs. is being utilized In alcohol production to such advantage that the profits yielded by it already have built the Pasteur Institute at Lille.” We shall next hear that the invisible germs pass, in the food, into the bodies of human beings, and modify their mental and physical constitutions; and thus come about the difference between an Englishmen and a Scotchmen, or an Irishman and a Dutchman! “We are such stuff as dreams are made of, And our little life is rounded by a— germ.” Science may yet show that the an cient Roman supremacy was due to clouds of special animalcula, and when these were blown into the Mediter ranean the race of conquerors became a race of slaves and organ-grinders. And thus: “Illustrious Caesar dead and turned to clay, May stop a hole to keep the wind away.” I. D. MORE RASCALITY. "Go away from home,” they say, “to hear the news.” Here is something of which we have seen nothing in our Minneapolis or St. Paul dallies: (Special to the Chicago Times-Herald.) DULUTH, Oct. 14. —It has just come to light here that some of the dealers in tim ber lands are conducting operations under which they are acquiring some of the most valuable timber lands in northern Minne sota for almost nothing, and doing it legiti mately, too. They are locating on lands in the northern tier of counties in this state with what is known as forestry scrip, which entitles them to locate on any lands, sur veyed or unsurveyed, in any part of the country. This scrip they have been able to buy at $2 to $4 per acre, and thus they have been locating on lands in this and other counties at a cost to them of about the value of one large pine tree out of the hun dreds on each acre. It will be remembered that during Presi- I dent Cleveland's administration he was j much interested in the matter of preserving I the forests, and a number of large forest reservations were made by him, mostly in the West. On the lands thus reserved there were, of course, a good many settlers, and to compensate them for the loss of their lands they were given the forestry scrip. This could be located on land anywhere in the United States, whether surveyed or not, and it was the first scrip ever issued en titling its holder to locate’ bn lirisiirVeysd lands. Recently a number of Land, dealers have been West and have purchased a quantity of this scrip rtom the people to whom it was Issued, and, returning, they have entered upon the choicest of the pine lands in the unsurveyed portions of the state. The scheme is working so well that others are taking it up, and result is that nearly all of the valuable portions of the unsurveyed pine lands will be located long before the territory is surveyed and thrown open to settlement. There is no way to prevent this, as the holders of the scrip are allowed to sell it, and the purchasers ac quire the rights of those to whom it was is sued. Those who are working the scheme will get Immense profits out of it, as they are getting for $2 to $4 per a’cre land that is easily worth many times that. It is possible that congress will be ap pealed to at this winter’s session to see if there is any way that body can put a stop to the practice. There seems to be no other way to stop it, and there is considerable doubt whether even that method will stop it, as before any law can go into effect the men who are working the scheme can get hold of large quantities of the scrip and locate Ahe best part of the unsurveyed pine lands of this section. When the unsurveyed lands are thrown open for settlement there will be almost nothing that is worth locating upon left, owing to the succes of this scheme. We warned the public of the danger that would grow out of forestry reserve schemes, and here is one of them al ready developed. But who is the congressman that worked the scheme through at Wash ington? i. d. THEY HAVE CHANGED THEIR TUNE. That able paper, the Joliet (111.) News, J. H. Ferris, editor, contains in its last issue the following article: Looking back over the last campaign makes one feel that he has, been stood upon his head. Then the great lights of the gold dollar, like the Chicago Tribune, Times- Herald, Prof. Laughlin and McKinley told us to increase prices would rob the creditor, and the statement was always in company with a sermon upon the depravity and dis honesty of free silver or an increase of the currency. Lo and behold, they have increased the currency! More silver has been coined by them, and they have issued silver certifi cates! They have not retired the green back as they threatened, but, on the con trary, they have smothered the pitiful cred itor, the weeping widow and the funded or phan in an avalanche of high prices. What they said they would do they have not done, and what they promised not to do has been done. Prices were not only raised healthily by the expansion of the currency, the balance of trade and the purchases of the war de partment, but additionally, unhealthily and arbitrarily, by the trusts. We Populists told them it would be a good thing to coin more silver and increase the volume of currency. # But no, they must have a world’s dollar and it must be wholly of gold. We told them to increase the volume of currency would Increase prices of merchan dise and labor, would furnish employment for the people, and was desirable. No, they said, an increase of prices would be the most undesirable thing possible. To increase prices robbed the creditor. That is, if the prices of grain and labor were in creased the creditor could not get as many bushels of grain or as many hours’ labor for his dollar as at the time the obligations were incurred. Hence they said it would be robbery, and the debtor would be a rob ber, and a Populist was the most destesta ble of all robbers. Besides, they claimed high prices were not desirable for the workingman. He could not buy as much for his dollar his expenses would be higher, but his wages would be the same. The arguments were advanced during the Cleveland panic, when labor was getting practically no work at all and couldn t buy a dollar’s worth of anything, but that made no difference with these Tribune politicians hastening forward to break the neck of their political economy. How all this changed! What a different song they sing! The 50-cent dollar is for gotten: expansion, high prices and pros perity are the themes on every goldbug’s tongue. They have done very nearly what the Populists asked for, and are claiming all the credit for themselves. We presume that is the new style of op position coming in with this era of trusts They have control of the purse strings— every great financier and monopolist of money is in their party—and when they are disappointed politically they will contract the currency and withdraw loans, and when they are pleased in the government they will renew their loans, open the mints and make their subjects happy. The moral seems to be,watch their pleasure and displeasure, and shape our investments and direct our ships accordingly. As Pop ulists, we shall be most happy to point out THB REPRESENTATIVE, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1899. the way and make hay in commerce while their Bun shines in politics. The Republicans are ready to con cede that our theories are all right, if they can only "whip the devil around the stump” and retain power. They are willing we shall op6n the way if they can hold the spoils. I. D. That excellent paper, The Minnesota Knights of Labor, William Stevens, editor, 811 Northwestern building, has this to say of the great meat trust: This combination has been in existence less than 20 years, but during that time it has either wiped out or “absorbed” its rivals, until npw its power is unlimited. No man, woman br child, or government can escape paying trfcuttf'to this combination or dispute its power! ' Tsie combine is composed of five firms, whose total membership does not exceed 30 people The trust is made up of Armour & jEo., Swift & Co., Cudahy & Co., Nelson, Motris' 4 Co., and Schwartz child and Schiilzberger. These concerns, it is stated uporf ‘gotm authority, do a busi ness of over $35M0M60 a year. Armour & Co. are the leaders of this trust, and all prices paid cattle raisers and increased prices to be paid by consumers are decided upon by Armour &4<30. This trust pu£s down the price of cat tle to the farmer and puts up the price of meat to the Consumer. “It burns the candle at both efcds." I. D. The Missouri World, published at Chillicothe, Mo., by Dixon & Lankford, is one of the very few Populist papers that has survived the political storms of the last three years. It is one of the ablest on our clubbing list, found in an other column, and keeps its readers up to date as to the sentiment of our party at the South. WORKING FOR THE BANKS (From the Journal Bureau, Room 45, Post Building, Washington.) WASHINGTON, Oct. 21. —The annual re port of Capt. Castle, auditor foT the post office department, will present some orig inal propositions to members of congress. One of them is the abolition of the money order system in large cities. Capt. Castle will advance the theory that the govern ment has no business to engage in the transportation of money. That, he says, is the business of express companies and banks. They are corporations created for the purpose and the postal service was not created and has not been extended for the purpose of carrying or paying for the car raige of money for people. Cajjt. Castle’s Idea is that the postal service is created for the purpose of carry ing letters and newspapers. The latter as sist in the education of the people in any country and for that reason he is heartily in favor of the extension of rural free de livery service. This service brings farmers and other residents of the country districts Into direct touch with centers of informa tion through a daily mail service. Auditor Castle does not advance this theory in the hope that it will result in any immediate action by congress, but as some thing that the members will think over with the possible ultimate result of limiting the money order system to towns where there are no banks nor express companes. We were in congress on the commit tee on postoffices and postroads when the postal order system was established. We helped to formulate the bill. The banks fought the measure fiercely; but the money power had not the strength it possesses now and we carried the bill through. The postal money orders have, since then, saved the people of the United States millions of dollars, that would otherwise have gone to the banks. But now, as the general drift is back ward, the banks are preparing to wipe out the money orders in all towns that have banks; and as there are now banks in nearly all the towns in the country, this will practically mean the abolition of the whQle system. And that would mean taking so much more out of the pockets of the people and transferring it to the pockets of the poor, hard-worked and impoverished bankers. I. D. The article on our front page, under caption “Imprudent Marriages,” is one of rare merit. It covers a much broad er field of inquiry than its title would indicate. Read it and file it away for future reference. It would be a valua ble contribution to any scrap book. A GLIMPSE OF ENCOURAGEMENT. On Oct. 18 Arthur Twining Hadley was inaugurated as president of “Old Yale University,” New Haven, Conn. He is a young man, but he has brains and courage. He sees the dangers of the times and he is not afraid to speak out. We quote: Dr. Twitchell’s words in declaring the inauguration, and those of Prof. George P. Fisher, senior dean of the university,in welcoming him,were of the traditional char acter. Not so those of Dr. Hadley in his address. He fearlessly attacked scholastic systems, idolized by the 60 college presi dents seated on the platform beside him Courageously he pledged hinjFelf to revise the entire educational system of the univer sity. Sturdily he vowed that college ath letics shall have a prominent place in the Yale university policy, and that profession alism shall be forever stamped from Yale’s representative teams. Calmly he uttered the revolutionary doctrine that, in general, college scholarships and fellowships pau perize rather than - educate their incum bents. One after the other he launched his Parthian drives, creating new standards of American university life. In the midst of his address he stepped to the front of the stage and uttered these prophetic words: “The increase of wealth in the outside would be a perpetual menace to old-fash ioned democratic equality. If we . have within the college life not only differences in things studied, but difference in enjoy ment between rich and poor, we are at once in danger of witnessing a development of social distinctions and class interest which shall sweep away the things which were most characteristic and most valuable in the earlier education of our colleges. Not the intellectual life only, nor the social life only, but the whole religious and moral at mosphere suffers deterioration if a place becomes known as a rich man’s college, or, worse yet, as a college where rich and poor meet on different footings. What shall it profit us if we gain the whole world and lose our own soul; if we develop the intel lectual and material side of our education, and lose the traditional spirit of democracy and loyalty and Here Dr. Hadley was halted by a mighty roar of applause! witch swept the college chapel. It was ipnaqy seconds before he could proceed. Another wild btW , st ! 6f applause came when President Hadley baiftp with studied earnest ness: "I rejoice in Yale’s 1 victories, I mourn in her defeats, but ‘I alburn still more when ever I see a Yajle pian who regards her athletics as a sort of competitive means of pushing the university ahead of some rival. This is professionalism of the most subtle and therefore moat dangerous sort.” Dr. Hadley, iri shirt, carried Yale by storm, and tonight Jieven the most con servative of the ~grafluates are ecstatic in their praises of tne university’s new “fight ing president.’’ . n I There is hope for the republic when the president of one of the oldest uni- THE MEAT TRUST. versities of New England can talk that way. It shows that the Rockefellers have not turned all the institutions of learn ing into instrumentalities for the de struction of free institutions, and the building up of a dirty imitation of old world aristocracy in this "Home of the free and land of the brave.” Success to President Hadley. I. D. DEMOCRATIC UNITY. In spite of the efforts of the opposition to create discord in Democracy and the statements in Republican papers that the Democrats of the East were disposed to reject the issues proprosed by Bryan and his followers, the fact appears that there is substantial harmony in the party. This has at no time been made more ap parent than at the Democratic carnival at tended by 50,000 people at Dallas, Tex. Leaders of Democracy, including William J. Bryan, O. H. P. Belmont, Judge Tarvin, Col. M. C. Wetmore and others, all gave testimony as to the existence of party unity. Especially worthy of note were the state ments of O. H. P. Belmont for reason that he came from the state and city of New York in which the Republicans are most busily engaged endeavoring to create dis cord. Speaking of Democratic unity Mr. Bel mont said: “There is one topic on which I may briefly expand. It is Democratic harmony and party union. “It must be evoked. There must be an unbroken party front to build up victory and win triumph from the battle of 1900. The man who raises his voice .to disturb it will be guUty of a great crime. “And now in the name of harmony, let me speak one word concerning the Democ racy of New York, the Democracy from which I come to you, and which I strain no truth when I say I fairly represent. The New York Democracy will be solidly with you to the glorious last. I might say the same of the whole region east of the Alle ghenies. Papers and politicians, mugwump, Re publican, and traitors wearing the mask of Democracy, all moved by the "power of money and greed, will ever and anon tell you of Democratic dissatisfaction in the East. Such are the lies and wiles of the enemy. They are paid for by Republican money. Their inspiration is Hanna. Their purpose is the disorganization of Democracy, and to set the South and West against the East. I am here today to refute these stories. I have come 2,500 miles to brand these Han na-suggested falsehoods. The New York Democracy, the whole Eastern Democracy, has never in its history come closer to the general party heart than it has today. Name Bryan, make your platform what you will, and in the East not one hundred of all who ever wore the party badge will be missing lOO™” Democracy’s muster in November, \\e wish to especially call the attention of the fusion Populists to the above article from the Chicago Democrat, on the subject of Democratic unity. We have insisted and reinsisted for over a year that 1900 would show a reunited Democracy. And now comes an Eastern Democrat and virtuously announces to the West, “name Bryan. Make your platform what you will, and in the East not one hundred of all who ever wore the party badge will be missing from De mocracy’s muster in November, 1900 ” The Republican senate makes the gold standard safe, which does not require a bolt this year to establish or 1 maintain, and because of Bryan s popularity they are willing to swal law any kind of a man or platform in order to be in on the ground floor for the offices. Fuse with Democrats and you will material ly aid to fasten monopoly upon the country. —Faribault Jeffersonian. One thing about the foregoing show ing should be strongly emphasized. One man, O. H. P. Belmont, a Wall street millionaire, pledges and stands sponsor for the whole Democratic party East of the Alleghanies. He declares that in all that region “not one hun dred” will repudiate his pledge. In the South and West no Democrat is so great that he can give that pledge for a single state. Bryan, the idolized leader of Western Democracy, could not pledge his own state of Nebraska to any platform or any candidate within 2,000 votes. No Democrat is great enough to stand sponsor for any single state west of the Alleghanies,' and this man Belmont gives his pledge and guaranty for half the entire vote of the Democratic party. It was some years ago that Depew re marked that 50 men in New York city could get together within 24 hours, bring good times or a panic and control the destinies of the nation. This O. H. P. Belmont is one of the 50 men and he is now for Bryan and pledges the party east of the Alle ghanies to vote for him in 1900. How will Western reform Democrats liki this? How will fusionists like this? ! Is it not a strange and absurd way to seek relief from the political domina tion of New York capitalists by voting for their openly avowed candidate? This is a rocky problem, but in 1900 every voter will have to meet it. E. A. T. Health for ten cents. Cascarets make the bowels and kidneys act naturally, destroy microbes, cure headache, bill iousr ess and costipation. All druggists. A STRONG INDICTMENT. “How did the Republican party stand on the money question in 1894? “They stood pat as bimetalists, for they condemned the Democrats, for their efforts to demonetize silver. “What position did they take on the same question in 1896? “They were international bimetalists. See their platform. “What position do they take at the pres ent time? “Oh! every state platform declares spe cifically for the gold standard. How came the Republican party to make so complete a summersault in so short a time? “The leaders planned it; knowing full well that the adherents of the party were such lovers of the name ‘Republican,’ be ing partisan blind, they were perfectly sure the voters would ratify without question whatever the leaders desired. “How does the Republican party stand on the trust question? “ ‘Cheek by jowl.-’ The leaders of the party are trust magnates. Trusts have been the especial pets of the party, for it has been from them that they have drawn the larger portion of tlreir campaign funds. "What position will they take in 1900 on this question? “They will cppose trusts, just as they op posed the demonetization of silver in 1891, although they themselves demonetized it. “Why will they take this position? “They know that the people are some what exercised just at present over the trusts and it would not do to advocate them, but as it has become debatable, they will make a show of resistance to them, but before the country realizes it the party will be defending trusts, Just as they are now the defender of the gold standard. “Why assume that the party will become the defender of the trust. Just as it has become the defender of the gold standard 9 “The leadership of the party is essential ly plutocratic; the rank and file are blind as bats as partisans, who will ratify just what the leaders demand. Besides Judging the future by the past it is not only a safe Judgment but a righteous one.—Faribault Jeffersonian. The last sentence of the foregoing clinches the whole argument and is un answerable. The whole Republican mac nine is absolutely under the domination of a few millionaires and they are running the government wholly in the interests of a favored few. Class rule in this country dates back to the withdrawal of the Southern states from the union. Northern people have been taught by the Northern press and partisan Northern histories that the South seceded for no other reason than a determination to perpetuate slavery. Nothing could be wider of the truth. Prior to the war of 1860 Southern con gressmen had for years made a stub born fight against tariffs framed in the interests of New England manufactur ers and all other legislation intended to benefit a few out of the pockets of the many. Up to 1860, although in minority in congress, they had always obtained the aid of enough Northern Democrats to defeat much of this class legislation, and their withdrawal was largely because they could no longer defeat such laws. The south had the statesmen and represented pure Democracy, and the North had the wealth and the greed and intrenched capital behind special class legislation at every opportunity. The rebellion furnished the first open and unobstructed field for these New England and New York. schemers to work in, and they were quick to seize it when Southern opposition was gone. Protective tariff, national banking act, refunding act, demonetization of silver and the gold standard followed in rapid succession. During the next session of congress greenbacks are to be impounded, tho discretion to pay government coin obli gation in silver now vested in the sec retary of the treasury is to be taken from him, and then the office of presi dent is to be given to the Democrats in 1900. In 1900, it is now agreed by the East ern moneybags, Democrats shall for one term be given the empty office of the presidency, while the concentrated wealth of the Northeast knows no party and has no politics, but will own con gress and the federal courts. These statements constitute no dream, they are realities—facts, and next year every voter will have these things to consider as he casts his vote. It is again fixed so that it makes no difference to the money power whether you vote the Republican or Democratic ticket. e. A. T. A Kansas woman has been suing a man because, as she claimed, he shook hands with her so hard that he broke her leg. An illustration of the way they shake hands in Kansas might not be wholly devoid of interest. Awakening- of the Farmer Flying along the glittering steel tracks of our great railways are trains equipped with every convenience— beautiful beyond the wildest dreams of the romancer of a few years ago. Cleav ing the blue waters of the Atlantic are “gray hounds of the ocean” that are veritable floating palaces. Gleaming on the airy heights overlooking many of our cities, or standing silent and haughty among their quietest shady streets are massive and stately man sions that within are visions of fairy land. In apartments furnished and decorated more magnificently than were the throne rooms of kings in years gone are seated men who with a word or a stroke oT the pen increase the price of the necessaries of life and add millions to their already enormous wealth. Up among the hills, nestling in the valleys, dotting the broacl prairies, are little vine-clad cottages, cheerless, barn like structures, and rotigh, paintless cabins, the dwelling places of the patient, plodding husbandman; he has wrung from the soil—in fact, created— that which has made all the magnifi cence which we have mentioned pos sibly, yet who has no share or part in it; who is priviliged merely to look upon it from afar off. He is of the kind who for long years have been the hew ers of wood and drawers of water for a multitude of parasites who have made themselves rich and powerful at his ex pense—because he has been content to accept his share of the boundless wealth he has created a paltry fraction, a mere mite. For long years he has been con- tent to subsist on the plainest JAre, clothe himself in the c czr'Czl fabrics, and with scarcely a murmur deliver an nual tithes to the tax gatherers for the privilege of being governed— having private affairs scrutinized by a horde of well paid officials whom he, with his suffrage, has set up in high places. Thousands are hoping—believing that this state of things will endure for ages to come; that the slow-thinking, hard working tiller of the soil will contented ly accept for his toil and skill the meager dole they see fit to allow him; that he will continue to believe that they who make and interpret laws are all powerful, and that the praise they be stow' upon him with the tongue is am ple compensation for the privilege of robbing him with both hands. Will he? We shall see. Hitherto he has been the tool, the plaything, of parties and factions; but he is awakening. He is learning his strength, he is gather ing himself together, and ere long he will arise. Then what? —Fred Grundy, Morristown, 111., in Farmer’s Voice. There is very little money in defend ing criminals unless the criminal is in corporated. From n Missouri Poet. "A maiden fair with sunkissed hair came tripping down the street; with face serene —her age 16—gee whiz! but she was sweet! On a banana peel slick she came down quick, with a jolt that shook her cnrls, but the words she used must be excused for she’s one of our nicest girls. A naughty young 1 The quickest and surest cure for catarrh, hay fever, oolds, burns dys pepsia and, piles is Dead Shot Ca tarrh Cure. It is nature’s remedy, Florida pines and Colorado ozone combined. Never fails. Box 250. Deed Shot JBemedy Co., 882 Boston Block HIDES, FURS, PELTS mo WOOL. We pay the highest market price, in large or small lots. Write us for our Market Report and other valuable information. (Sent free.) Northwestern Hide & For Co. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. o®“We are agents for Sheep Dip and Worm Pow ders. Write us for prices. MB! V# Specialist in diseases of wo ■ | men; all menstrual troubles , . . , corrected; home for ladies during and before confinement. Collom Block, 27 Fourth St. So., rooms 8 and 9, third floqr. | SEEDS OF FLOWERS^ | »-■: ® SWEET PEA, Grandiflora. • J These four packets, 160. • • ♦♦ : f MENDENHALL’S CATALOGUE of Plants, Cat • ® Flowers, Funeral Designs and Seeds 9 • of Flowers free epon application. • | MENDENHALL, Florist,! 2 MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. • D. BEST, Removed to OPTIftiAIII - Nicollet Ave* Eyes Examined FREE. If your head aches, eyes burn or water sight blur, you should consult me. I test eyes and guaranteed. PATENTS Lunds There is more money raising wheat at the present time than you can dig out of the ground in Alaska. The Great Northern Rail way has 500,000 acres of tne choicest wheat lands in the United States. These lands are situated in the Red River Valley of Min nesota, in Wilkins, Clay, Norman, Polk, Marshall and Kittson counties; they will average about SIO.OO per acre in price. For maps and terms address Land Commissioner, Great Northern Railway, St. Paul, Minn., or the Land Agents named below; George Purvis, Crookston, Minn, C. H. Carey, Breckenridge, Minn. O. A. Robertson, Campbell, Minn. C. J. Wright, Fergus Falls, Minn. chap w'ho saw the mishap, and smiled with fiendish delight, will regret the same when he finds his name is ‘pants’ next Sunday night.” Thinks It n Good Remedy. NEW ULM, Minn., Aug. 7, 1899. To Dead Shot Remedy Co., Minneapolis, Minn.: Gentlemen: Please find one dollar enclosed, for which send me by mail to New Ulm, Minn., five boxes of your Dead Shot Catarrh Cure. I had five boxes of the same, and think it is a good remedy. Yours respectfully, JOS. DIEPLODER, Town Clerk of Lafayette, Nicollet Co. A trust is one-third cash, balance wind and water. Blickcnsdcrfer «• j «* •* Typewriters. i Bilik' No. S.. $35.00. No. 7.. $50.00. Full keyboard, visible writing, interchangeable type, direct printing and inking, excellent man ifolder, portable and durable. fc# 'Write for Catalogue and particulars. HAftGED & BUSH, . . General Agents. . .