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ia advocate of Jeffersonian Democracy K<u And the Lord Said unto Mom, •« Wherefore crleat flwtt unto Me? 'iwft-to m, , w .„ and Lincoln Republicanism. B Speak unto the Children of Israel that they may go forward.”—v.--«m. c xrv ▼ is. Jtojdtb rice. corruption :-despoti*m at last. CV * jM" W»m. moq. o, XIV, V, 10. And History, with all her volumes vast. ~« ■■ ■ ' _ -~ ——— —— '.--■ •- , - '- . Hath but onopace. —Byron. VOL. VII. NO. 27. WHOLE NO. 340. PROF. GEORGE D. HERRON machinery op representative GOVERNMENT BECOMES COR RUPT 1 AND OPPRESSIVE. TO BE FREE, PEOPLE MUST GOVERN THEMSELVES. The lowa State Register, a Republi can dally published at Des Moines, printed a brief synopsis of the address of Prof. George D. Herron, delivered at the recent lowa Populist state conven tion, which was Indeed a powerful effort and one of the most able reform speeches that has been delivered of late. Of this address the Register says: “George D. Herron turned himself loose on the Populists of lowa at their state convention yesterday, and he found in them one of the most sympathetic audiences he ever addressed. He ground out all the stereotyped phrases which go to make up his bitter tirade against all things that are, and the Populists ap plauded, every one of them. He said that actual treason against the United States government had been committed by President McKinley; that govern ments, through all ages, have been noth ing but the oppressors of the people; that the real traitors in the United States today are the ‘commercial classes, whose weakling and pliant tool the pres ident is;’ that the war with the Philip pines is waged In order that commercial companies may find a market for the products of the American toil which the American people are too poor to buy; that ‘the policy of commercialism and expansion which the American people are pushing today is the same policy that destroyed Rome and practically every other great civilization that the world has known; and ‘the American people now find themselves betrayed and perjured as a nation by their gov ernment.” ’ Mr. Herron said other things, the sub stance of his remarks, other than those already quoted, being as follows: “By way of prelude, I shall say, I do not wish to hold this convention re sponsible for the views I shall express. I have come to you merely to give you my views. “It cannot be mended; it can only be ended. Anti-trust legislation has noth ing to do with the solution of this prob lem. The great political parties know that their anti-trust planks mean abso lutely nothing. We have come to the end of one historic stage in methods of construction. The individualistic meth od of distributing the world’s goods has come to an end. We have arrived at one of those supreme mdments when an old world is about to be destroyed and a new world erected; when the method of competition for individual wealth has come to an end. Great in dividual wealth was never earned and never produced by an individual. It has always been stolen. Wealth has al ways been produced by society and It belongs to society. “Behind trust questions are several things. First, the world’s private use of natural resources. All men have equal rights to the resources of nature. It is irrational to suppose that some men were born into vast inheritances, and the bulk of men born already disin herited. All trusts rest in the private ownership of natural resources; If a man owns the face of the earth he owns the men who live on it. If all the air were owned by men, these men would own you! We can live on the earth only on the terms of the men who own the land. “It is of no consequence whether a man owns you in fee simple, or whether he owns your labor power. You are his slave, economically and morally. “Trusts, again, have their origin in certain systems of taxation. All des potism rests in the power to tax. The trust is the first creation of government; afterwards the creation of taxation. Government in history has been that power by which the people have been op pressed. Government must give place to free and Independent action by and for the people. Government in the United states has been a social system for the few. The United States is giving steam ships to the Rockefellers and paying them to run them. The people ought never to surrender their power to repre sentatives, but should keep it always in their own hands. The principle of as sociation is a good one, but it must be broadened. “To solve this trust problem, first of all, we must begin with the land. There is one principle of land nationalization. The other is set forth by Henry George. Henry George and his people are Social ists, though they may say they are not. I believe that Henry George, standing as a great prophet of God, saw, so far as he saw, great elements and principles, with a great heart for the people’s wel fare. I believe Socialists would be wise In adopting Henry George’s land taxa tion principles. Lots in Des Moines are worth more than lots 100 miles away, because people are here. Society is here and the worth is enhanced. The land now belongs to a few who never make anything of themselves except nuis ances to society. “A society based as society is based today is doomed. The system of tax- ation in the United States is a system of robbery and perjury. We should abolish these hordes of parasites, including reve nue collectors and lawyers who col lect taxes and live off of land cases. “Take the railroad systems. Do you know what a tremendous power that places in the hands of a few individuals? Mr. Rockefeller never earned a cent in his life, but through a vast system of legerdemain his fortune was produced. Not by industry, but by dispoiling other people of industry. “It is utterly preposterous and amaz ing that you are so infernally stupid as you are. It is elementarily immoral and dangerous that a great transporta tion system should be owned by private individuals. This will have all this na tion at their mercy. Private ownership of great public monopolies is simply Caesarism in its worst form. It doesn’t matter if a czar were an arch angel, I want no czar having my life in his hands. Who has elected the United States senators —who is re-electing a United States senator in lowa today? The Chicago, Burlington & Quincy rail road. The people have no more to do with it than they have with what con trols Mars. You know that a horde of politicians, with their burglar politics, are holding up your conventions and forcing a senator upon you. The mon opolists will own your legislature. They will commit your nation to foreign wars to avert social agitation. To permit in dividuals to own this nation, why, men, there is over you today in this nation an iron despotism, an industrial tyranny, compared with which the Boston tea party was but the play of children with their tin soldiers. “What do you pay for when you buy a gallon of oil? You pay the oil inspect or’s salary which the state pays. The oil monopoly men pay the inspector ten times as much for not inspecting it. You men paid for founding a university in Chicago. There has grown up in this country a commercial despotism, so that you pay for things five times what they are worth. “There is no remedy in anti-trust legislation and all that sort of monkey business. There is no remedy for the trusts save through the people, through all great public utilities being adminis tered by and for the common people. Public ownership of all public utilities, following immediately upon a recon structed land system; that is the way out of the difficulty. The machinery of production must be administered by and for the people. “There is no solution for all these problems save through the entire aboli tion of the present landlord system, and the complete reconstruction of society. It is no longer a question of whether or not we are to have industrial revolu tion. It is to come whether you want it or not.” SOCIALISTS CONTROL BELGIUM. Successes In Mnnlcipal Elections En courage the Radicals. ANTWERP, Oct. 21.—. The successes of the Liberals and Socialists in Sunday’s municipal elections throughout Belgium emboldened both leaders and rank and file tb believe that it will be possible to overthrow the government at the next parliamentary elections. A result so decisively unfavorable to the government was wholly unexpected on both sides, and the Liberals and So cialists have no notion of letting slip the advantage gained. A tremendous demonstration of rejoicing over the elections was held yesterday, more than 10,000 taking part in the manifestation. With the initiative and referendum the people get any reform a majority will vote for. Now we get any law millionaires will pay for. Read “Bond and Industrial Slavery.” Price 25 cents. Cheer up, comrade; your brother has gone to the Philippines to be killed and you may get his job. This Salvation army prosperity is the great hit of the administration. See the philosophy? Just look at the statesmanship! Here’s a condition. It is two men and only one job. How shall we find labor for them? Oh, that’s easy; just kill one of the poor devils. Any fool might have thought of that. Wonder how Grover missed it? It would not do to take the same money that we are burning up in powder and build a few turnpikes over the country with the labor that is be ing thrown away and killed in the Philippines. That would be paternalism, and it‘s infernalism that we are “seekin’ after.” But, never mind, the fool killer will be around on schedule time. He always comes. Fret not thyself because of evil doers; neither be thou envious against the workers of Iniquity. For they shall soon be cut down like the grass and wither as the green herb. —Coming Na tion. The Referendum is again on our table. It is now published by Thomas Radcliff, at Greenup, 111., with N. H. Motsinger as associate editor. We are glad to get the old Referendum again. MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. PAUL, MINN., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1H99. THE BIG BULLY. - - | | RuHNia: That's u terrible m uncle Johnny Bull t* working; up jtnt to trounce old Oom Paul. OH, FOR A HENRY! THE BAD BOY PARALYZES THE OLD MAN WITH HIS LOGIC. THE TEA TAX IN 1770 WAS A SMALL AFFAIR COMPARED TO THE STAMPS OF THE PRESENT PLUTOCRATIC GOY r - ERNMENT. Pa, what was the cause of the revolu tionary war? Taxation without representation, my son. Was there anything wrong in that? Yes, indeed, it was an outrage that our forefathers would not stand. What did they do, pa? Do? Why they held indignation meet ings and burned the stamp collectors in effigy, and when England sent her taxed tea over here they disguised themselves like Indians and threw it overboard. They were anarchists, weren’t they, pa? What, our forefathers anarchists? No, they were patriots. What is a patriot? A patriot is a person who won’t be im posed upon by anybody. He will stand up for his rights, and defend them with his life if necessary. I tell you it makes my blood boil when I think about old King George putting a tax on tea. How did it all end, pa? End? Why, they remonstrated with him till they found that would do no good, then they took their guns. “Give me liberty or give me death,” said Pat rick Henry. My son, I should die happy if I knew you would emulate the spirit of ’76. I tell you old John Adams and John Hancock and Patrick Henry were made of the right kind of mud; you couldn’t run over them. What do you mean by “taxation with out representation?” Why, parliament had the power to levy taxes, and did levy them upon the colonists, but she wouldn’t allow them any representative. What is a representative, pa? Why, we send men to represent our interests in congress, and call them rep resentatives. We are laboring men, aren’t we, pa? Yes, my son. How many men are there in the United States, pa? At the last census taken there were 16,940,000. How many of them are laboring men, pa? Oh, about three fourths of them, I suppose. And what are the rest? They are divided up. Some are bank ers, some lawyers, some doctors, some preachers, etc. • How many bankers are there, pa? About 10,000. How many lawyers? About 70,000. How many doctors? About as many as there are lawyers. How many representatives are there, pa? About 330, besides 88 senators. (Boy figures a little.) 16,000,000 voters ind 830 members of congress would give one member to at.out 60,000 voters, wouldn’t it, pa? Yes, my son, you are right. ißo'y figures and soliloquizes.) £et me see. 16,000,000 vote's three-fourths of them men who labor, that would be 12,()00,000. Every 60,000 voters has a representative, that would be 240 mem bers who are laborers. 70,000 lawyers, ha! they would have one representative and a fraction, so would the doctors; and the poor bankers, why, the poor bankers only number 10,000, they can’t have any representative at all. I Oh, fudge, boy, that ain’t right; they— Yes, ’tis, too; I guess I know how to divide. I mean they are not divided up in any such way as that. There are 203 law yers and eight bankers in the last con gress in the house, and 63 lawyer and one banker in the senate. Why, I thought you said there were only 330 members in the last house? So I did. Then how many laboring men were there among them? Not a single one, my son. What! Twelve million laborers, with not a single man to look after their welfare and represent their interests, and 203 lawyers to represent 70,000 law yers? Yes. I thought you said this was a repre sentative government. So it is, my son. How can it be, When a majority of the lawmakers comflf from a small fac tion of the population? Didn’t you say the other day that it was natural for a man to look out for No. 1, and that he was a fool if he didn^t?’ Why, oh; you skip out to bed; its getting late. But, pa; if those lawyers look out for their own interests, or &o. 1, as you call it, how can they look out for ours? They are supposed to. But do they? It is to our interest to have laws simple, theirs to have them complicated, so as to make them busi ness. - Didn’t you Bay that a lawyer got you into a suit once that cost you SI,OOO, and you got beat at laist, and when he sued you and you cussed him, he told you that you ought to have had more sense than to have gone into such a losing suit, and Say, you retire now, right— Say, pa, I want to know what laws these lawyers have made in the interests of laboring men; tell me just one. Why, ahem; why don’t you see — v, > Yes, I do see. They lax a poor man’s every rag, but ekempt a rich man’s bond. They have’arranged the laws so a rich banker, who don’t need it, can get millions of dollars for bare cost of printing,- but a poor devil, like us, can’t get a cent. They tax money out of the 50-cent wheat raises and 6-cent cotton raiser, who is going to the wall as fast as compound interest can carry him, to pay to the rich English sugar cane rais ers of Louisiana and to the millionaire alien beet sugar makers of Nebraska. They give millions of acres outright to millionaire capitalists who build rail roads; but for a poor man to get a little patch he must go on it and work and pinch and starve for five years. My son—. Bah! taxation without representation! Why don’t you throw the tea overboard and hang Ickelheimers and Sherman steins in effigy, then get your gun— My son, that’s anarchy. Patriotism in 1776 becomes anarchy in 1899, does it? My son, I Oh, for the spirit of our forefathers! Oh! for patriots who won’t be imposed upon by anybody! Oh, if we had a few old Sam Adamses and Patrick Henrys, we’d make laws that didn’t make labor ers slaves, to be run over and browbeat en and taxed to death, and shot. My son, you must not — Yes, I must and will strive for justice. Get me a gun, pa. I will never submit to be robbed and unjustly tried without being represented. Oh, my son — If that be treason, make the most of it. (The old man collapses.) “A HOT TIME” IN BOYVILLE A BnrleNqne Upon Prominent Politic ians and the Present Polit ical Situation. By Mrs. Marlon Todd, Springport, Mich. Jo Dobbson is an aspiring youth of 14 years. He has often heard his father read of Mark Hanna and his ability to run political machinery. He has listen ed also with much interest to the feats of Mat Quay and Tom Platt, whom he admires, but Mark Hanna he looks upon as the greatest man on earth and to fol low in his wake in coming years is the height of his ambition. The best Jo could do at present was to play he was Mark Hanna. Jo came to his class one day without his lesson. His mind was filled with a scheme. He was going to organize a party and play he was Mark Hanna. That evening he gathered his com rades upon the school grounds and pur suaded them that to organize a political party would be just the thing. Said Jo: “Yer know we’ve got ter have some bosses in a party, so I’ll be Mark Hanna an’, Bill, yer’ll be Mat Quay and Jim’ll be Tom Platt. That’ll be enought ter run it, yer know.” Now the boys were impressed that Jo was not very modest in waiting upon himself without being asked to the big gest plum and several of them declared they’d be Mark Hanna themselves. “No, yer won’t any of yer be Mark Hanna,” said Jo. “I’m the one that ought to be him. Didn’t I first think of gettin’ up a party? Then, I look more like him than any the other boys. Ain’t I fat? Why, Jim, yer’d be too long and thin and yer freckled and got red hair. Here’s a picture of him,” and Jo drew a crumpled paper from his pocket and held 'lt up. “Now, bony fellers’d look well playin’ Mark Hanna, wouldn’t they?” said Jo. The boys crowded around to gaze at the hero’s picture. 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Jo wound up with the statement that he her of the Democrats had been knocked knew how to run a party all the same. down and robbed of their torch lights. Then Jo took Bill and Jim to one side By the time the procession halted In and told them that they mustn’t kick front of the speaker’s stand it was in a on Quay and Tom Platt. “Yer see,” demoralized condition, said Jo, “that Quay runs the state where Arrangements had been made to open he lives. He san awful big feller. Cockran’s speech with music from the • Why, he can take the money right out band, but, alas, their instruments had of the treasury and send himself to the been stolen and the best they could do senate. They tried to put him in jail was to sing, “My Country, ’Tis of Thee.” but they couldn’t do it.. Some men git Then Mr. Cockran was introduced, in jail fer nothin’. Yer see they ain’t Jim, in his introduction of the speaker, smart. Big men can do anything. Now, made mention of the loss they had met Jim, if yer d ruther be Quay, Bill’ll let with and declared in thundering tones yer and he 11 be Platt, won’t yer, Bill? that none but the worst set of thieves Yer know, Bill, Platt’s the hull thing in would steal the band of a parade. At New York. Why, when the president this juncture some one in the rear wants to put anybody in office he tells hollowed out: “Didn’t yer try to steal it ’em to wait while he writes to Tom first and couldn't?” Platt about it. Pa says he has more This startled Jim. He supposed the brains than all the rest of the state, fact was unknown by the enemy. He He can boss over the Rough Riders and was not long in rallying, however, and sass the president whenever he wants appealed to the boys to put him off the to. Now, Jim, yer and Bill ought to feel ground: “Anyone who comes here to purty big to be them fellers.” disturb honest folks, Just take him out The boys listened with a great deal of and set on him,” said Jim. interest. Bill consented to be Tom At last the magnetic Cockran arose, Platt, but Jim refused to be cast as and after stating that Hanna’s party Quay unless he could be chairman of the would disturb a Sunday school meeting, Party- launched out upon his subject. He said: I want yer to understand, Jim, that “There’s a terrible time now about Mark Hanna’s chairman of everything,” trusts, but trusts are all right if you said Jo, “so there’s no use to want that, only have with ’em. but there’s another big feller I heard “They alnt nothin’ but publicity; pa talk about, an’ mebbe yer’d ruther that’ll help us. All yer want to do is be him —that’s Tom Reed. He bossed to make everything public and then Jest all the big bugs in congress and they let ’em run things to suit themselves, couldn’t make any laws unless he said If yer goin’ to steal from a feller it so, and all the fellers with money is his makes him feel better to know it. friends. What do yer say to him?” “If the feller that Rockefeller blew up j “If I can’t be chairman I’ll go an’ had only known it he’d been all righ.. make a party of my own,” said Jim. “I Why, I tell yer dynamite won’t blow up never did like the old black Republicans right before everybody, no how. I’m a Democrat and I’d ruther “Then there’s another thing—don’t be Stone or Jones than Mark Hanna any yer want ter get yer things as cheap as time.” Then raising his voice he asked yer can? Trusts make things awful all the boys to come on who wanted to cheap and sometimes they give things join his party, and led the way into an- away so the poor people can have ’em. other corner of the lot, followed by a Wouldn’t yer like to have an overcoat goodly number of partisans. this winter fer nothin’? Jo became indignant when so many “There’s just one thing more I’ll say boys walked off with Jim and gave them and quit. I feel sorry for the poor warning that he could lick half a dozen Boers. I wrote the president to inter of them at once. fere and not let England whip ’em. He Jo’s plans were to lick all who fear- aint writ me yet whether he will or lessly disputed his sway—scare all who not.” could be scared and buy the rest. At the close Stone made a little speech Jim was not easily scared, and when in which he said Democrats were Demo it came to blows he thought he could crats now and wouldn’t have any fus lick Jo any day, so he went straight ion with the Populists. “We don’t need ahead and rallied as many as possible, ’e many more,” said he, “and what’s the The characters assigned the boys use dividing offices. We’ve done ’em up were satisfactory. anyhow.” There was Bryan and Hill and Croker Just then someone in the rear yelled and Bourke Cockran, etc. A conference out: “Did us up, did yer? Well I guess was held at which it had been arranged not.” to have a street parade at once and get “Order,” cried the speaker, “no one’s the start of Jo, after which Cockran was allowed to speak here but Democrats, to deliver a speech on trusts. Who are yar, anyhow?” Jim, who represented Stone, cf Mis- “I’ll tell yer who I am,” cried a round souri, obtained a few small flags, adorn- faced boy at the rear, "I’m Ignatius ed his corner of the lot and reared a Donnelly.” platform for the speaker. Democrats approached him to drag The only music that could be had for fiim off, but somehow they dared not the occasion was on old drum and one touch him. One politician came rush brass horn. ing from the front to tear him into inch. These belonged to the Salvation army, pieces, but suddenly when he Several efforts which had been made to caught Ignatius’ eye, and remarked it steal them proved fruitless. Music was time to go home, must be had. It was desperate case. The crowd was dispersing when sev- Whoever heard of a parade without a eral Populists gathered Donnelly upon band? their shoulders, placed him upon the Finally Jim and his committee decid- platform and called for a speech, ed to visit Salvation headquarters and He said: “The Populists ain’t all ask to borrow them for an hour. They dead yet; an’ they’ll live to fight such did so but were refused. fellers as Stone and Hanna till they “Yer see, we’ve got ter have some ain’t any more of ’em on the earth, music,” said Jim, an’ its no mor’n fair Then they won’t be any more trusts nor that yer let us have ’em. If yer’ll let any more shooting niggers for noth us take ’em we won’t bother yer army Ing.” . any more on the street and mebbe we’ll Donnelly’s hearers shouted wildly, git religion, but if yer don’t I want to Jim’s parade excited the envy of Jo, tell yer right here yer'll have a mighty and he made up his mind that he’d show hot time in this old town.” him what a parade meant the next After much deliberation the drum and night. He could depend upon music, for horn were surrendered to Jim, with the he had the instruments he had stolen warning that it was the last time they well guarded. would be loaned. Jim concurred in the To render the occasion more impres propriety of never loaning them again, sive he had secured a horse upon which for in that case he thought Jo would’ he intended to ride at the head of the have to go without music for his parade, procession. It was a rack of bones, but The night of the parade everything the best he could do. was in order. The boys walked far When the hour arrived everything apart and each carried a torch light, was in readiness: torchlights, banners, Banners upon which appeared various and Jo, mounted upon his skeleton, mottos were numerous. Some of them His drummer and horn blower were fan read as follows: tastically arrayed and led the march. “\ye ain’t the lily white party; we’re Then came Jo, and behind him follow just Democrats,” “Trusts are no good,” ed the flag bearer. Now this flag waa “Hurrah for Aguinaldo and down with something Jo took great priue in. He Mark Hanna.” ■ The sight of this banner infuriated (Continued on Page 4.) Jo, not less than 20 stones came whiz- " • zing In the direction of this motto and tore it into shreds. The Number of this QA A The procession met with several issue of the paper is UTv disasters. At an unexpected moment lf the number opposite vour name on the a raid was made upon Jim’s drummer adored Label is less than this number, . . . . . it shows that your subscription is in and horn blower, and the unearthly arrears and should be paid up at once. music ceased all of a sudden. A num- SI.OO A Year In Advance.