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POISON IN FIELDS
KOIIOrS WEEDS WHICH KILL OFF OCR DOMESTIC ANIMALS; Xhr Loco PlMt I* Con»llertl tLe Worst Death Lsrka is Many Plants Common on Farms—Fifty tWo Plants Known to Be Poisonons and Seventy-six Are Snspeeted of Seine of That Natnre. The unfailing instinct in wild animals •which teaches them what forms of vegeta tion are harmful or poisonous seems to be lost when the animals are domesticated, as a result of which thousands of head of live stock are lost In this country every year through poisonous vegetation. To prevent this loss in so far as possible the department of agriculture has been making scientillc investigation and tests, and has now issued a preliminary catalogue of plants poisonous to stock, by V. K. Chestnut, B. S., assistant in the botany division of the department. Mr. Chestnut describes 62 plants known to be poisonous to stock, 39 plants concerning the poisonous qualities of which there is good, though not positive evidence, and 37 plants which come under the head of suspects. Nearly all of these forms of vegetation are of common growth in various parts of the country, and as many of them are as dangerous to human beings as to cattle the catalogue contains information of value to the general public as well as the farmer and stock raiser. Of the grasses, which nearly all ruminant animals of this continent feed upon, several species are dangerous. The seed of the dar nel, or poisonous rye grass which groWB abundantly on the Pacific slope, is said to be dangerous to both animals and man. In New Mexico and Arizona grows a perennial grass locally known as sleepy grass, which horses and cattle bred In that region rec ognize and eschew as harmful; but Imported stock feed upon it and often die of Its nar cotic effects,falling into a deep slumber from which it is impossible to arouse them. Indian corn grass has been described as fatal to cattle when eaten in considerable quantities; but Mr. Chestnut believes that the poisonous properties are due, not to the vegetation itself, but to parasitic growths upon It.. The common species of ergot which grows among meadow grasses causes yearly a heavy mortality. Every year farm ers report the poisoning of cattle from eat ing golden rod, but this, too, is very likely a case of parasitic growth, known as rust. Another product of the flower garden, and one of the most beautiful, is a swift and violent poison to man and beast alike; the delicate and fragrant lily of the valley. Cases of severe poisoning are on record, where people have merely bitten at the stems of the flower in abstraction. Most dreaded of all poisonous weeds by the ranchman is the loco weed, common in one or other of Its forms throughout the West where it does enormous damage to stock. The chief damage is to horses which seem to take to the weed more readily than cattle, and soon become locoed. A horse is I said to be locoed when he acquires an j unnatural appetite for the deleterious weed. Once in this condition, he will touch no other food and in a short time becomes crazy, in which state he sometimes runs | wild, lashing out with his heels and biting j at any man or animal that somes near him, j and sometimes staggers about w’ith droop- j ing head and half closed eyes until death i supervenes. The cause of death is thought ! to be inanition rather than actual poison- I ing in loco cases, as there is no nourish- , ment in the weed and the animals addicted j to the habit pine away with surprising ■ rapidity. The loco habit in horses is com- | parable to the opium or hasheesh habit in ! human beings, except that the animal, hav- j ing no reasoning powers to act as a check j upon his appetite, succumbs more quickly, j The state of Colorado between 1881 and* 1885 paid out in bounties nearly $200,000 in an effort to exterminate the woolly loco weed which is the commonest species in that region, but the plant is still abun dant there. Heavy losses are reported yearly from the lambert or stemless loco weed, also. To sheep the lupines, a genus of herbaceous shrub, are almost as deadly as the loco is to horses, though there Is some question whether the plant contains actually poisonous qualities or causes death from purely mechanical effects by clogging the intestines and causing bloating. Reports from three herds in 1898 show a mortality o' about 2,000 from lupine eating. In the eastern half of the United States, where it chiefly grows, the rattlebox, or rattlewood. is an object of concern to farm ers. lest it become mixed with hay in cut ting, for in this way it Is frequently fatal to horses, and sometimes to cattle. In its growing state animals wlnn ot touch it. This curious weed is also a source of ex treme terror to human beings, who en counter it after the plant has begun to get dry. and the oblong pods which it bears begin to stiffen, for in that condition the peas within the pods, when the plant is struck or brushed aside, rattle with an exact and blood chilling imitation of the warning of the rattlesnake, whence the plant takes its name, Crotalaria sagittalis, frcm Crotalus, the scientific name of the rattlesnake family. At least one species of the common butter cup is poisonous to cattle, the celery leaved or cursed crowfoot, and it is thought that all the kinds of buttercups which grow in swampy lands are dangerous. In gen eral, however, cattle avoid all the butter cups on account of the extremely acrid cattle. The common milkweed or ascleplas, though commonly avoided by cattle, has been known .to cause death when mixed with hav. A few cases of poisoning by jimson weed in hay are also cited. The properties of the common swamp hellebore, known also as Indian poke, are not yet fully un derstood. Cases are known of both men and horses being poisoned by this plant, yet sheep eat the young leaves and shoots greedily and without evil effects. On the other hand, the seed is death to chickens. Boxwood, highly esteemed for hedges in the New England states, is poisonous to all kinds of stock. The seeds of the castor-oil plant, which is much cultivated in the South, and has escaped from cultivation there, and flourishes in the wild state, are known to be poisonous to horses and sheep. The same is true of the leaves of the to bacco plant when dry; the fresh leaves are eaten in small quantities by stock without injurious effect. The broad leaf laurel, Which is common all along the Atlantic coast, kills many sheep and cattle every season. The water hemlock is another dan gerous weed, the plants frequently becoming mixed with hay and killing the cattle that eat the hay. Hogs are poisoned by the blood root, or red root, a wild plant which exudes a red, paint-like sap when the root is broken; also the American cocklebur. People have been poisoned by drinking the milk of cows which had been feeding upon the mandrake, the Juice of which is a pow erful purgative. Sneezeweed causes bitter ness in the meat and milk of cattle that feed upon it, and the common wild garlic taints the milk of cows to such an extent that it is unfit for consumption. An unusual case of plant ravages is cited from Michigan, where a vast tract of re claimed swamp land has been made practi cally worthless by the growth of a dense crop of the slender nettle all over it. Horses cannot be driven through this growth, and, therefore, the land cannot be cultivated. Among trees, the leaves of which are poisonous to stock, are mentioned the camman yew, or ground hemlock, the wild black cherry, the black greasewood, or chlco of the Southwest, which causes great mortality among sheep, and the common locust tree, the bark and leaves of which" are poisonous to cattle and men alike. J l)i The Gnornoa* Coat of Yachting. Few branches of sport yield less In com parison with the sums lavished on them than yachting, which of necessity is a monopoly of men with well lined purses. The initial cost of a yacht may range from SSOO to $500,000, and the annual outlay from SSOO to $50,000. The man who buys a 50-ton yacht for pleasure purposes alone, and without any of the added cost of racing, must expect her 1 to cost him $2,500 a year. For a 100-ton 2 yacht he will have to disburse from $3,500 s to $5,000 a year, without counting deprecia- J tion or the interest on the SIO,OOO or $15,000 f he has sunk in her purchase. * When a man aspires to the luxury of a steam yacht of hundreds of tons he ought to have the deep purse of ■ millionaire, for he may well spend on his bobby the annual V ’ Vb I®**** ot a eahtoet gf the tret to******* Horn* on the money Ua floetint petaoe rtprmnu wnuldpay the eonut stipend ofT w tor Pleasure yachts only, as distinguished from racing yaehts; ter the * nicer must expect to add ma mteniflt^ *° outlay and yearly *• estimated that the cost of building ana racing the Shamrock and Columbia for this season cannot he much lesa than $1,000,000. - 7** Milora on the Columbia will re ceive $35 a month; so that for a season of “ ontb# their wagee alone will absorb $6,826. Their food will bring thin sum to at SIO,OOO, and to this total for wages of *s4 000 mUBt b * added the ■hipper's salary These Items, although they amount to nearly $15,000, only repiesent a part of the season’s expenses. At least once a week ’•he yacht will have to be taken out of the water ta have her bottom polished. The tuunganese bronze of which her hull is built accumulates seaweed rapidly and this and all other accretloas must be cleared away at short intervals if her speed is not to suffer. To say that ths Columbia will cost her owner $26,000 for the season's racing is probably an underestimate; while the cost of racing the Shamrock will be greater. If the. Shamrock is successful in bringing back the cup to England, the trophy will cost her generous owner no less than $325,- 000 in addition to all other normal expendi ture; for this is the sum which will be re quired to pay every member of the winning cyew the promised $5 a week for life. To race a yaeht like the Britannia, the Meteor, or the Rainbow for a single season cannot cost less than $15,000, apart from accidents and depreciation; while if we con sider the short racing life of one of these "greyhounds,” and distribute her original cost of the few years of her life the annual . price paid for the brief luury of owning her must be increased by many thousands a year. Certainly it is safe to say that no man should think of owning a racing yacht of this class who is not prepared to spend $25,000 to $30,000 a year for the indulgence. Even the gift of a SSOO prize is largely re moved by the extra expenses of racing and winning. It Is usual for the owner of a winning yacht to pay her crew $5 each, in addition to their wages. On a boat like the Britannia this liberality would entail an extra cost of nearly S2OO for the day. To this item in the balance sheet must be added SSO gratuity for the skipper, and a smaller fee -for the pilot, together with an other $25 for provisions and beverages. Thus, against the prize of SSOO must be set an additional charge for the day of about S3OO. If the yacht. Instead of winning, loses, a sum of about half this amount must be spent on the race, and added to the normal ccst of maintenance. .•.Margaret’s Lover.*. “Aunt Prue, how proud you must have felt when you won that SIOO prize in your first story competition. I wonder what you did with all that sudden wealth.” “I have never yet told any one what I first did with the money, Margarqt,” replied Mrs. Morris, “but it can do no harm to tell the story now. It all happened 10 years ago. “As I was on my way home with the two crisp SSO bills in my pocket, I met a young man who had been one of my pupils' two or three years before. He was quite a favor ite of mine, and I had known his people for many years. On this day he turned and walked with me, and I soon guessed that he was in some deep trouble. After a while I won the story from him. He had been speculating in stocks and had ‘borrowed,’ unknown to bis employers, SIOO of the firm's money. He had lost, and in despair at be ing unable to refund the money, had forged bis uncle’s name to a check, which, how ever, he had not yet found courage to pre sent for payment. “Well, the end of it was that the crisp SSO bills in my possession changed hands, the forged check was destroyed, and Charlie left me, with broken words of thanks and a few earnest promises for the future.” “Did he ever repay you the money, auntie?” “Yes, he paid it all back in a few months. I believe he has always lived an honest, upright life since, and I have never legretted the first investment of my prize money.” A short time later as Margaret Rimmer was on her way home, she heard a deep, manly voice say, “Good afternoon, Miss Mar garet,” and Professor Hay fell into step by her side. “I have lust been calling on my Aunt Prudence,” said Margaret, as they walked on slowly. “I have spent a delightful af ternoon reading some of her old stories. You know she won a hundred-dollar prize once with one of her first stories.” “Yes, I remember,” said the professor, somewhat absently, looking down as he spoke at a few fluffy curls that escaped from beneath the brim of his companion’s hat. “I remember that I met your aunt on the day that she received the prize, and she al lowed me to walk part of the way home with her. You know she was my teacher in the old high school.” “No, I did not know it,” replied Margaret slowly, with a shock of surprise. To her self she was repeating with a sick heart, “This is the end of auntie’s story; his name is Charles Hay, and it was he who walked home with auntie that day. He must never know that I know.” She forced herself to take part in the conversation, trying to put aside for the time the thought of what this knowledge must mean to her, that she could never again look up to him with the old respect, that the sweet fancies that had of late begun to come to her, of a dearer friendship between them, must be resolutely crushed out. No, It could never be just the same again. When, a few days later, Mr. Hay called on Margaret, and In a few manly words told her of his love, Margaret gently, but decidedly, refused his offer. She would give him no reason, except that It could never be. No, she cared for no one else —but it could never be. So the professor went sadly away, and Margaret, with pale face and eyes dim with unshed tears, sought he; room. For hours that night Margaret Rimmer lay awake and wrestled with the problem— was it fair to condemn the man of 30, hon est, respected, who had won bis place in the world, for the folly and sin of 10 years ago? Had he not nobly redeemed the past? But, still, how could she respect him as she might if she had never heard that wretched story? A forger, a thief. No, she could never trust her life’s happiness to one whom she could not reverence as nobler, greater, than herself. Margaret was calling on her aunt a few days later, when Mrs. Morris remarked: “By the way, you remember the story I told you about the young man whom I helped out of trouble with my prize money?” “Yes,” said Margaret, faintly, wonderinj what was to come. “He called on me yesterday and brought me a photograph of his two children." “His children!" exclaimed Margaret. “Yes, he is married, and has a lovely wife and a pretty little home.” Margaret listened as if in a dream. “The, then it was not Mr. Hay?” she stammered. “Mr. Hay! No, indeed. Charles Hay it the soul of honor. Why, what in the world made you connect him with this story?” "He—he said he walked home with you on the day you received the prize money. And he Bald he was one of your old pupils—” , Mrs. Morris looked puzzled. “I may have met him that afternoon, and he may have walked part of the way home with me, but —why, Margaret?” For the girl had thrown herself down be side her aunt and, with her face hidden ii the folds of Mrs. Morris’ gown, was half sobbing and half weeping. The older woman patted the girl’s bowed lwiarfatt THB MIKUIM!ATIVR IHUUDAT, HOVUIIIftB IC> UN> toad, while her face lit vp with a sudden understanding. The ncgt time Ifargaret met the She smildd o% him se sweetly that the poor map #aa* bewildered. They met fre quently. and at Margaret’s request the pro-, fessor resumed his calls. At last he ven tured once more to tell her of hie love, and this time her reply must have been a favor able one, for when the profeeaor left, some time later, he walked as one who had re ceived a crown. And so, perhaps, he had, for a man can win no better crown than the love of a true woman.—Boston Post. ' Their Hunchbacked Coosin A worthy man who, with his family, re sides in Paris, received a letter from his nephew, who was at that time a trader in Hyderabad. The latter terminated thus: “I have received the portraits of my cou-i sins, Mary and Margaret, whom I have never had the pleasure of seeing, having been since my infancy a resident of Hy derbad. I shall arrive >t Havre in the brig Quoe Ego, about the first of October, and with your consent shall marry my beautiful cousin Mar ” The remainder of the name having been written under the seal had been torn off and destroyed in opening the letter, so that it was impossible to ascertain wheth er the nephew had chosen Mary or Mar garet. A mutual coolness and Jealousy now sprang up between the > slstqrs, who had hitherto lived in the most affectionate har mony. Each believed that hers was the name mentioned in the letter. At length a courier arrived from Havre and announced that his master would be in Paris next day. The servant was over whelmed with questions, to which he re plied that his master had been ruined, and that he was afflicted with a protuber ance of the left shoulder, similar to that which had caused all the misfortunes of Aesop, the Phrygian. Both sisters voted that they would re main maids forever rather than wed a hunchbacked and penniless cousin. The cousin arrived. The father embraced him cordially; the daughters curtseyed prettily and turned away their eyes. The father explained the accident that had be fallen the letter, and Inquired ,pf his nephew the object of his choice. \ 4. , “My cousin Mary,” answered the nephew. “Never, never,” exclaimed'Mary;. “I am satisfied with my condition, and shall not change it.” “Mademoiselle,” said the nephew, “I have adopted the habits of the country, of which I am all but a native. Read the man ners and customs in Hyedrabad, and you will see that in that country, when a young man’s proposals of marriage are rejected, he withdraws himself from society as a useless member and ” “Kills himself,” exclaimed the other sis ter, the good natured Margaret. “Kills himself,” repeated the nephew, in the tone of a man about to commit suicide. “My poor cousin!” murmurs Margaret, with tears in her eyes. “He has come so far to meet death in the bosom of his fam ily!” “I know,” continued the nephew, “that my deformity is offensive to the eye of woman, but time can accustom even the eye of woman to ugliness; I am also aware that my position as a merchant is not the best. Engaged from early youth in the diamond trade —the only trade carried on in Hyderabad—l have lost all my father’s property, but I have gained experience. I am young, active, industrious; these quali ties are riches in themselves.” “Yes, yes—hunchbacked and penniless,” murmured Mary in a mocking voice aside. “Poor young man!” said Margaret, and then added, “I also have been refused, cousin, but you don’t seem to mind that.” “Refused! and by whom?” asked the cousin. “Why, by yourself, in preferring my sis ter to me.” “Well,” replied the cousin, “what will you say if I ask your father for you?” “I shall entreat my father to let my cousin live!” “What! you consent, my pretty Mar garet?” exclaimed the hunchback. “To save a relation’s life I cannot hesi tate a moment!” “Very good, my daughter,” said the father touched by the scene. “I perceive that ro mances have not spoiled you. I have a very limited income, but I cannot forsake my brother’s son in his distress. I will keep him here as my son-in-law. If there is en-jigh for three there is also enough for four.” . “Uncle,”' said the nephew, “with your permission I will retire to arrange mj toilet a little before luncheon.” He kissed Margaret’s hand, bowed to Mary, and withdrew to change his traveling dress. The uncle and his two daughters placed themselves at the table, and awaited th< guest, who was soon announced by the servant. Both sisters uttered a cry of surprise, but in different keys. They beheld a young gentleman of slender and sym metrical form enter the room. He advanced and embraced Margaret. Placing before he; a beautiful basket he said: “There is your dower!” The basket was filled with diamonds. “It is also the hunch which has deceived the custom house officers, and arrived here free of duty. This,” added the nephew, "is what I have carried on my shoulders from Bombay to Havre, for the purpose of offer ing it to the fair cousin who was willing to accept me with my pretended poverty and deformity!”—London Evening News. THE BOER AND HIS RIFLE. Difference Between the Weapon Used Now and That of 20 Years Algo. Washington—ln the war of 1879-'BO the Boers displayed deadly accuracy with the rifle, but their weapon then was very differ ent from the arm used last week at Dundee. The rifle of 20 years ago was built on the lines of tahe British Martini. It was a hammerless arm of about nine pounds weight, with a 30-inch, half octagon barrel and a shotgun built stock. The calibre was .45, with a bullet weighing from 405 to 450 grains. The powder charge was 90 grains in a brass drawn cartridge case. The rifle was sighted up to 2,000 yards. Besides the usual stationary sight it had a reversible front—that is, a sight capable of being used as an ordinary front sight, and, by a single motion, It was changed into a fine pinhead sight covered with a ring to keep it from being knocked off. On an occasion where particularly fine shooting was demanded, this front globe was further covered with a thimble-shaped hood, shading it perfectly. The usual standing rear, or fixed sights were on the barrel, while on the gun grip was a turn down peep that was regulated by a side screw to an elevation of 2,000 yards. The peep and globe are never used under 700 to 800 yards. “I was very much interested in the Boer riflemen and their weapons,” said Archibald Forbes, who was with Sir Evelyn Wood’s column in South Africa in 1879-’BO. “They are marvelous rifle shots. They shoot their antelope and other game from the saddle, not apparently caring to get nearer than 600 or 700 yards. Then they understand the currents or air, their effect upon the drift of a bullet, and can judge distance as accu rately as it could be measured by a skilled engineer. They can hit an officer as far as they can discern the insignia of rank. Sir George W. Colley, the commander in South Africa, was killed at a distance of 1,400 yards at Majuba Hill. We lost terribly in officers at the fight mentioned, and also at Laings Nek and Rorke’s Drift, from the deadly rifles of the sharpshooting Boers.” It is easy enough to see how the Boer became so expert with the rifle. History of 100 and more years ago in the South west and the West of this country is re peating itself on the South African veldts. Every old state of the American union, ex cept Louisiana, was won from its red own-' era by the pioneer and his deadly rifle. Foe 240 mn the HeUuder wbe went tn tor-off Beeth wAtrtee iri Me*- Oeeaenienf km fought wild beuaii end wild tom ter the oountTjr flflSjrwXntldL The* Beer regie* of South Africa, producing fine wheat add corn crops, la very fertile. It hne a native graee that live Otock thrives on, with n climate very much like that of the country “from southwestern Kansas ter New Mextoo. But to obtain this coun try the Boer had first tn WBljiftr it. This made him a sharpshooter. One hundred end fifty years ago the Dutch farmer with hie five-foot-barrel roar, a smooth-bore gun, was a dead shot within the limitations of his weapon. Every. Raw Ira hnnter. He has to be. His faired to large, anywhere from 15,000 to 25,000 fiffnß."' xhe country is sparsely settled. lion and other smaller eats, and the! hyena were the na tural enemies of his lbcki and herds. They had to be kept down »y, the roer and later by the rifle. Kruger himself is said to have killed 250 lions, not to speak of panthers and hyanaa. \ Then the ever-pres ent danger of a native toiftbreak caused the solitary farmer or Boer to see to it that he had tke beat arms [mutable for dsfense and offense. 1 I The Boer weapon that did such execution the other day is the shotting model of the Mannllcber, a Germs* (frm. perhaps the most powerful- weapqptd its calibre and weight in the world, r Tke military Mann- Ilcher is used in the armies of Austria, Holland. Greece, Brstzil, ChilW Psrq-and" Roumanla. " The ideal Mafinllcner is used as a sporting rifle, and is known as the Haenel model. It is a beautifully finished arm, weighing about eight pounds, and costing In South Africa 200 German marks. Ths rifle barrel is 30 Inches long, the car bine is'24. It has a pistol grip and sling straps, and is hair triggered. Its qgli bre is 80. * «Tb*s “rifle has am-extreme range of 4,500 yards, and a killing range of 4,000. At that distance the bullet will go through two inches o'f pine. The bullet for war is full-mantled, with a fine outer skin of copper and nickel. That for game shoot ing is only half mantled, leaving the lead point exposed, so that it opens back or mushrooms when it strikes. For deer, elk and bears' there can be no better arm. Though the bullet makes but a small orifice where It enters, the expansion causes It to tear a hole as large as a man’s finger when It makes its exit. Traveling at the rate of 2,000 feeet a’ second the force of this bullet’s blow Is tremendous. There has beeh ih'il6h discussion over the dum dum bullets It Is a soft-pointed missile, but by no means so deadly or destructive as is this Haenel-Mannlicher bullet which the Boers are using. If it strikes at close range, or 1,000 yards or under, and does not flatten, the Mannlicher bullet bores a hole right through a bone without splintering. But when it upsetp the shopkis terrible. The bullet literally smashes the flesh and bones into fragments. >' It' has been charged that the Boers are ipaing the soft-pointed bullet in their deadly Haenel-Mannlichers. _ THE FARMER GOT A HI.iCH. And the Skin Gamblers Did Not At tempt to Detain Him. A middle-aged Maryland farmer, who picked the right ones to the tune of nearly SBOO at the races got " into Washington on the night following tb# wihd-up of the fair. He was hunting for M joyance, and three cheerful workers got hold of him and nudg ed him into a four-harfded poker game. The farmer didn't know much about the game, but he won steadily,for the first hour. Then the cheerful workers went at him in a bunch, and they took his winnings and his own bundle off him so fast that it made him sneeze. One of them got a “squee jib,” which he explained as being a hand that couldn’t be shown, and raked down $135 of the Maryland man's money. Another got a lallapaloosa, consisting of three clubs and a pair of spades, and took SBS of the farmer’s money. The Mary land man only had three queens. Another of the merry grafters caught four diamons and the ace of clubs on top, which, being a “klfty nitch,” beat any hand in the deck, as was explained to the man who had won out on the fair, and the “kifty nitch’ ’topped his king full and cost him S9O more. The Maryland farmer began to look pretty sol emn when he wks" more fban S3OO In the hole. Then it came to a..jack pot. All hands staid until the pressure became too great, and when two of the grafters dropped out there was more than $350 in the cen ter of the table. The farmer stood pat, and he came back at the grafter who plug ged at him etfery time with $25 raises. When there was more than S6OO in the middle of the table, the farmer pasted the amount of the grafter’s last raise into the center of the table and called. The grafter laid down four Jacks. “No good,’ ’said the farmer, throwing his hand face down in the middle of the table, and raking in the pot. “Hold on there,” exclaimed the grafter, “What are you trying to do anyhow? I have got four jacks. What you got?” “I’ve got a hunch,” said the farmer, sweeping the stakes, which consisted of bills and not chips, into his pocket, and he backed out of the room. He happened to be about 6 feet 3 and built in proportion, and the cheerful workers didn’t attempt to detain him.—’-Washington Post. A WICKED-LOOKING WEAPON. Description of the Manser Pistol to Be Used by Cavalrymen. “The new Mauser pistol, with which our cavalry is about to lii drmed, is a horri ble looking piece ofr. machinery,” said an esthetic sportsman t? a Chicago Chronicle reporter. “It doesn’t resemble a firearm at all, but looks like Some strange scientific instrument, such as t might see in a laboratory. Imagine a cigar box, japan ned black, with a handle at one end and a short tube at the ; other, and there you have it. The box contains the mechanism and the tube spouts the bullets. The cav alryman of the past was a dashing fig ure. He wore a steeh cuirass and a helmet with nodding plumes, anti while he carried a brace of pistols in’ hid* holsters, his real weapon was his trusty saber. Do you re member the splendid fellows who are gal loping past Napoleon in Meissonier’s ‘1807?’ Since then science has gradually sucked all the poetry out of war and the Mauser pis tol is the last work of brutal utilitarianism. The cavalryman of the futre will carry noth ing but a small black walnut bov and will closely resemble a surgeon going out to operate for appendicitis. When he gets to the right spot, designated by the engineer corps, he will dismount, open the box, take out . his hideous Mauser machine, hook the case to one end, so as to form a sholder rest, spray a few quarts of projectiles "in a given direction, and go home again to rest after the fatigue of the fray. If the calculations of the range finder are all right his bullets perforate somebody a mile away. That will be war ala mode. In some respects it Is a great improvement on the old style, but It will inspire no poets. Imag ine Tennyson writing the ‘Charge of the Light Brigade’ about a cavalry regiment armed with Mauser automatics.” CAPT. S. F. BROWN’S EXPLOIT. It is not always best to bury the hatchet, especially If it Is an historic one. Accordingly at Gettysburg, the new statue of Capt. Stephen F. Brown, which Is a part of the monument marking the spot where the 13th Vermont in fantry stood on the battlefield, will give It par ticular prominence. The reason Is that Capt. Brown heroically led with a hatchet the battle until ffirwrested from a rebel officer a sword 'atT# - The hatchet In the near the cap tain’s right foot. The presence of the hatchet In any position naturally suggests Inquiry, and that Is Just why the Vermonters wanted it there. Every cemetery guide i will know the story of Capt. Brown and his hatchet, visitors will tell It to their children, and It will become history. At the battle of Gettysburg the 13th Vermont was a part of Gen. Stannard’s Vermont com mand. The Second Vermont brigade had been left on outpost duty in Virginia until the third day after the Army of the Potomac had passed it In pursuit of Lee’s troops into Maryland and Pennsylvania. Then the brigade got orders to proceed by forced marches to Join the Army of the Potomac. The latter was also on forced march, but in six days’ time the Vermonters had overtaen the main body. Just before the first dav's battle Capt. Brown’s command came up to a well at which was an armed guard. "You can’t get water here,” said the guard. “ 'Gainst orders.” "D—n your orders,” said Capt. Brown, and then, with all the canteens of the men, and with only one man to help him. he thrust the guard aside and filled the canteens. ’ His arrest followed and he was deprived of his sword. The history-making battle began with Capt. Brown a prisoner. He begged for a chance to rejoin his company and was allowed to go. He picked up a camp hatchet and ran to the firing line, rushed into the fray, and singling out a rebel officer 50 yards away, penetrated the rebel ranks, collared the officer, wresting from -him his sword and pistol, after which he dropped his Ratchet, while his men cheered him amid the storm of bullets ahd smoke. Such, in brief, was Capt. Brown’s exploit. MARKETS \ QRAIN. ] S»qgKxHgWM»<xgw^^K»^oD>R#»o^o^^^Rc TUB DAY'S UNITS. OmlU _ Tuettey. Monday. December wheat, Minneapolis ..... 63 >4 62%-63 December wheat. Ckicqgo <7% 67 1-16 December wheat. New York 71 71% December wheat. Duluth 66 61% December wheat, St. Louie 68% 68% Minneapolis range of pneea: Open- Hlfh- Lew- Closing. Wheat— log. est. est. Tues. Mon. May ... 66% 67% 66% 61% 67% November .... 64% 64 December 62% 63% 63% 66% 62%-b3 . On Track—No. 1 hard, 66%c; No. 1 northern. 64%c; No. 2 northern, 61%c; November oats, 33%0; November corn, 16%c; Sax seed, |1.24%. Curb on December wheat 63%-% Puts on December wheat 62% Calls on December wheat 63% FLOUR. FLOUR—The flour market is unchanged in every respect. The wheat market is weak and flour naturally sags in sympathy. First patents 38.761.66 Second patents 1.561.76 .first clears 1.661.66 Second clears 2.3002.36 The market la very firm at the advance. Following are the quotations In cotton sacks, 16 and 46 lba: Rye flour, per bbl. pure $2.6602.76 Rye flour, per bbl, XXX 2.4602.66 Rye flour, per bbl. Standard 2.8002.16 In wood, 10c extra is charged. BRAN, SHORTS AND COARSE GRAINS. Washburn, Crosby A Co. quote as follows to* SSi in bulk 11.00011.66 Shorts in bulk 11.00011.46 Middlings in bulk 12.00012.66 Red dog. in 140-lb sacks 14.00014.26 Feed In 200-lb sacks, SI.OO par ton additional; In 100-lb sacks. 61.60. The market Is upward In tendency. Corn—No. 3 earn, 29%<5;'N0. 8 yellow, 30® 30%c. Oats—No. 3 oats, 22%@22%c; No. 3 white, 22% ©22c. Rye—No. 2 rye quoted at 47%c; no sales re ported. Barley ranges from 31@40c. This shows a declining tendency for feed but still strong for good malting. Feed—Reported by the Diamond Elevator and Milling company: Trade Is growing better and from now on should increase gradually. Coarse corn meal and cracked corn In sacks, per ton, sacks extra, to Jobbers only $13.25012.50 No. 1 ground feed, 2-3 corn, 1-3 oats, 80-lb sacks, sacks extra 12.75® 13.00 No. 2 ground feed, % corn, % oats, 7E-lb sacks, sacks extra 13.25®13.60 No. 8 ground feed, 2-3 oats, 75-lb sacks, sacks extra firstname.lastname@example.org STATE GRAIN INSPECTION. Northern. No Railroads. N0.1hd.N0.1.*N0.2.N0.3.Rej. Od. Great Northern .... 7 57 101 67 10 37 C., M. & St. P 100 156 30 13 1J M. & St. L 15 15 6 ~ 3 Soo Line 6 37 23 12 7 2 Northern Pacific .... 9 6 4 3 1 Cv, St. P., M. & 0.. .. 17 44 44 15 8 Total 13 235 348 163 48 68 Other Grains—Winter wheat, 4; No. 2 corn, 1; No. 3 corn, 14; No. 4 corn. 4; No. 3 oats, 47; no grade oats, 9; No. 2 rye, 2; No. 3 rye, 2; no grade rye, 1; No. 3 barley, 8; No. 4 barley, 32; No. 6 barley, 17; No. 1 flax, 100; rejected flax, 36; no grade flax, 9. Cars Inspected Out—Wheat—No. 1 hard, 21; No. 1 northern, 26', No. 2 northern. 2; No. 3. 8; rejected, 2; no grade, 4; No. 1 winter wheat, 6; No. 3 corn, 1; No. 3 oats. 28; No. 2 rye, 1; No. 3 rye, 1; No. 3 barley, 4; No. 4 barley, 5; No. 5 barley, 1. WHEAT MOVEMENT. Receipts. Shipments. Philadelphia 5,066 45,196 Baltimore 9,533 Toledo 16,200 2,600 Detroit 6.090 25,000 St. Louis 12,000 16,000 Boston 95,982 Chicago 135,750 13,238 Milwaukee 85,400 25,200 Duluth 434,353 249.704 Minneapolis 214,840 138,580 Kansas City 21,000 54,600 THE WORLD'S VISIBLE GRAIN. NEW YORK, Nov. 15.—Special communica tions to Bradstreet’s show the following changes in available supplies, as compared with the last account: Wheat, United States and Canada, east of the Rockies, increase, 1,928,000 bu. (Liver pool Corn Trade News). Afloat for and in Europe, increase. 6,000,000 bu; total supply in crease, 6,928,000 bu. •Corn United States and Canada, east of the Rockies, decrease, 1,357,000 bu. Oats, United States and Canada, east of the Rockies, decrease. 610,000 bu. Among the most important increases reported not given In the official visible supply state ment are those of 550,000 bu at Northwestern Interior elevators; 156,000 bu at Milwaukee pri vate elevators; 136,000 at Portland, Maine, 103,- 000 bu at Cleveland, and 50,000 bu at Minne apolis private elevators. The principal decreases are those of 610,000 bu at Chicago private elevators and 100,000 bu at Manitoba storage points. The aggregate stock of wheat held at Port land, Ore., and Tacoma and Seattle, Wash., increased 136,000 bu last week. SEED MARKETS. CHICAGO, Nov. 15.—The market for flax was stronger Tuesday. Receipts here were 43 cars. Duluth 211) cars and Minneapolis 32 cars. The official close as reported by the Weare Commis sion company is as follows: Cash fla.; at 31.H', November at $1.30, December at $1.29%, and May at ?1.29% per bushel. Cash timothy seed closed at $2.45 per 100 libs, and clover see i at $7.75 per 100 lbs. Minneapolis flax seed quoted at $1.24% per bushel. CHICAGO GRAIN. CHICAGO, Nov. 15. —Wheat yesteiday was weak early on lower cables and predictions of a large Argentine crop, but steadied on buy ing shorts and closed at an advance of %@%c. Influenced by light country offerings and small receipts, corn closed strong, unchanged to Vic higher. Oats closed %@%c higher. Provisions ruled weak and closed 2% @loc lower. Reports of light domestic receipts were the only items that bulls could confront the bearish array of statistics with at the opening of the wheat market and the initial figures, Decem ber, 66%@66%e, May, 70%@70%c, showed a loss from Monday’s close of %@%c. The chief factor in the weakness was the prediction of Argen tine crop authority that the prospects pointed to a large Argentine crop. Harvesting of this crop began last year Nov. 19, and the predic tion evidently not much in advance of the be ginning of harvesting, had immediate effect. Liverpool, which had opened Arm, declined and closed weak. The market here rallied after the opening on covering by ahorts and buying against puts, December touching 66%e and May 70%c. On profit-taking December eased off to 66%c and May to 70%c. An impression that the continuous liquidation of the past few days had resulted in an over-sold market was ap parently verified when shorts in greater num ber again sought cover. There ,was little wheat to be had at the low mark and the price steadied. December advanced to 67%c and May to 71%0. December closed Vic over yesterday at 67%c and May, %@%e. higher at 71%@71%c, both options having eased oft a hit on profit taking near the close. There was an increase In the world's visible of 7,000,000 almost double expectations. There was a decrease in local stocks of 610,000 bu. Primary receipts were 923,230 bu, against 1,900,000 bu last year. Minneapolis and Duluth reported 804 cars, compared with 963 last week and 2,039 the corresponding day last year. Receipts here Were 91 cars, three of contract grade. Clear ances were 336,000 bu. New York reported 32 boat loads taken for export. Advices from Ar gentina were that, including wheat left over, there would be between 90,000,000 and 100,000,000 bu for export next year. Corn was weak early with wheat The open ing was at a loss of %@!%c from Monday's close, December, at 30%®31c, and May at 32*4® 32V4c. Monday's country acceptances were small and local receipts 339 cars, considered light. The estimate for Wednesday is small. The early loss was more than recovered. There was some selling of May by elevator people, while shippers took December in moderate quan tities. Primary receipts were 430,472. December ranged from 30% o to 31V4c. closing %@*4c lower, at 31%@31%c. May ranged from 32V4c to 32%@ 32%c, and closed unchanged at 32%c. There was little feature to the trade. Shorts did some buying and the traders were inclined to pur chase looking for a rally. Oats followed In the wake of the other mar kets. The spread between May and December was narrowed to a difference of lV4c. Brad streets gave a decrease in the world's visible of *70,000 bu. Clearances were only 3.160 bu. Receipts were 513 cars. The cash demand was good and 250,000 bu were taken for shipment. The range was only V4c. December sold from 22*4c to 22 %c, and closed V4c higher at 23%c. May closed %c higher at 23V4c. Provisions suffered from the depression of hog prices and the weakness of the Liverpool mar ket for American products. There was little demand and the market was dull. The English packers were the principal sellers. January pork closed 7%c down, at $9.47%; January lard, 7%@ 10c lower at $5.07Vj.®5.10, and January ribs at 2%@5c loss, at $4.90. Estimated receipts Wednesday: Wheat, 53; com, 180; oats, 100; hogs, 41,000 head. The leading futures ranged as follows: Open- High- Low- Clos ing. est. est. ing. Wheat, No. 2 December 66% .6784 -66% -67% May 7084 -71V4 .70% .71% Corn, No. 2 December 31 .31V4 -30% .31V4 May 32% .32% .32*4 -32% Oats, No. 2 December 22*4 . 22% .22V4 -22V4 May 23% .23% .23% .23% Mess Pork, per bbl — December 8.05 8.07% 8.05 8.07'% January 9.50 9.52% 9.45 9.47% May 9.60 9.60 9.52% 9.57% Lard, per 100 lbs — December 4.95 4.95 4.87% 4.90 January 5.12% 5.15 5.07% 5.10 May 5.27% 5.27% 5.22% 5.25 Short Ribs, per 100 lbs— December 4.82% 4.82% 4.77% 4.80 January 4.90 4.92% 4.90 4.90 Curb on December wheat 67V4. 67V4-% Puts on December wheat 67. 66%-% Calls on December wheat 67%, 67% Puts on December corn 32% ■ Calls on December corn 32% Cash quotations were as follows: Flour easy; No. 3 spring wheat, 61@63c; No. 2 red, 67%c; No. 2 corn. 31%®31%c; No. 2 yellow corn, 31% @3l%c; No. 2 oats, 23@23%c; No. 3 white, 24® 25%c; No. 2 rye, 52c; No. 2 barley. 36%®45c; No. 1 flax seed $1.30, northwestern, $1.30; prime timothy seed. $2.45®2.55: mess pork, per bbl, $7.70®8.10; lard, per 100 lbs. $email@example.com%; short ribs sides (loose). $4.80®5.25; dry salted shoul ders (boxed), 5%@6%c; short clear sides (boxed), $firstname.lastname@example.org; whisky, distillers' finished goods, per gal, $1.23%; clover, contract grade, $email@example.com. R*x4Pt»-FkM»r, 3*666 bWa: wtwat. 18*666 feu; 004 m. tw.666 feu; oats, 1,666 bu; ryq, 14,006 tat Shipment*—Flour. 16,666 bMa; whaut, 13,006 bu: corn, 36*666 bu; autg, 61*1 bu; ry* 6,006 kfl; barley. 17,1 bu. Ou tha produce exchange yeetorday tbs butter market waa Arm; craamartea, ls®M%c; dairies, 14681 c. Chews easy at 11%®13%c. Eggs firm; DULUTH GRAIN. DULUTH. Nov. 15.—Market dull and firmer yeeterday; December opened %c off at 64%c. aold up to 64%c In three minutes, off to 64%0 at 6:40, up to 6Sc at 11:40, and cloaed %c up at 66c. Cash—Bso,66o bu at lc over December. Cash Sales—No. 1 hard, 6 cars, 66%@66%c; 15,1 bu, 66%c; 80.1 bu, 66c; No. 1 northern. 14,1 bu, 66%c; *1 bu, 66%c; 18.1 bu. 66%c; 10,1 bu. 66%e; No. 8 northern, 8 cars. 63%064c; No. 3 spring, 102,1 bu, 60®68%c; rejected, 1 car. 57%c; rye, 500 bu. 46c: barley, 2 cars. MOS7c; flax, 80,1 bu. 11.84%e1.26; No. 1 hard cash. 67c; to arrive, 67e; No. 1 northern cash, 1; to arrive, 66c; December. 66c; May, 69c; No. 3 northern, 63%c; No. 8 spring. 66%c; oats, 88%®88%c; rye, 48c; barley, 83®Mc; flax, 31.34%; November, 11-34%; December, 3188%; May. 11.26%; corn, 86c. Car Inspection—Wheat, 648 cars; corn, 9; oats, 66; rye, IS; barley, 61; flax. 319. Receipts —Wheat. 484.853 bu; corn. *786 bu; oats. 31.676 bu; rye, 2,411 bu; barley, 61,173 bu; flax, 16*068 bu. Shlpmenta—Whsat, 146,764 bu; corn, 1,155 bu; flax, 144,1 bu. MILWAUKEE GRAIN. MILWAUKEE, Nov. 15. Flour 10c lower yes terday. Wheat steady; No. 1 northern. 66%@67c; No. 2 northern, 64®64%c. Rye dull; No. 1,64 c. Barley dull; No. 2, 44%c; sample, 35®44c. Oats steady. 24@65%0. LIVERPOOL GRAIN. LIVERPOOL, Nov. 15.—Wheat closed steady yesterday, %@%d lower; December. 5s B%d: March, 5s 9%d; May, 5s 10%d. Corn closed steady, %@%d lower; December, 3s 5%d; May, 3s 5%d. 4 p. m.—Closing: Wheat, spot No. 2 red winter dull, 3s 9d; No. 1 northern spring dull, 6s lid. Futures steady; December, 5s %d; March, 5s 9%d; May. 5s 10%d. Corn, spot American mixed steady new, 3s 4%d; do old, 3s %d. Futures Steady; December, 3s s'Ad. Flour, St. Louis fancy winter easy, 7s 9d. Receipts wheat during the past three days 883.000 centals. Including 151.- 1 American; do corn 211,1 centals. Weather fine. LIVE STOCK. ST. PAUL LIVE STOCK. SOUTH ST. PAUL, Nov. 15.—Receipts Tues day: 3,500 hogs, 700 calves, 700 sheep, 2,500 cattle- Hogs—Market weak to 5c lower than Monday; quality fair to good. Sales: No. Av. Price. 5 hogs 106 • $3.66 34 hogs 312 3.82% 86 hogs 186 3.87% 96 hogs .195 3.90 47 hogs 194 3.85 31 hogs 186 3.87% 4 hogs 185 3.85 Cattle • Fat cattle are scarce, and In good strong demand; good Stockers and feeders steady,, common dragging; more common than good cattle on the market. Sales: No. Av. Price. 28 Stockers 980 31-30 8 Stockers 763 3.90 32 Stockers 659 3.80 17 Stockers 294 4.40 26 Stockers 619 3.65 28 stockers 908 4.00 19 stockers 250 4.25 2 stockers 250 4.50 2 -bulls 685 ' 3.00 2 bulls 680 3.00 1 bull 620 3-75 1 steer '.. ,1,4i0 4.56 6 cows 884 2.60 9 cows 880 3.35 2 cows 1,010 2.45 4 cows • 967 2.70 6 cows 920 2.55 2 cows 1,050 3.25 11 heifers 460 3.10 1 heifer 740 2.85 2 calves 140 5.75 2 calves 270 5.50 Sheep—Good sheep and lambs are steady; com mon dull. Sales: No. Av. Price. 10 sheep 118 $3.60 5 sheep 104 3.25 17 stock lambs 61 4.00 22 lambs 77 4.75 6 lambs 70 4.65 5 buck lambs 56 3.00 159 culls 86 2.15 SIOUX CIT\ LIVE STOCK. SIOUX CITY, lowa, Nov. 15.—Cattle, re ceipts yesterday 1,200; shipments 898; market about steady. Sales: No. Av. Price. 2 cows 1,070 $2.35 10 cows 1,000 3.60 65 stock heifers 460 3.40 35 stock heifers 361 3.65 2 bulls 1,300 2.75 2 bulls 770 3.00 2 bulls 660 3.25 11 stockers and feeders 923 3.50 22 stockers and feeders 707 4.15 13 calves 296 4.50 13 calves 250 4.70 10 yearlings 610 3.50 10 yearlings 695 4.00 Hogs—Receipts, 3,300; Monday, 1,032; market 5010 c lower, selling $3.8903.90; bulk of sales, $3.8003.85. CHICAGO LIVE STOCK. CHICAGO, Nov. 15.—Cattle, firm yeeterday, demand for best; others weak to shade lower. Butchers' stock active; canjiers firm; Western steady. Fancy steers quotable, 56.2506.65; good to choice, $5.5006.25; poor to medium, $4.40® 5.50; mixed stockers, $303.50; selected feeders. $4.2004.65; good to choice cows, $3.5004.85; heifers, $3.5005.25; canners, $1.8503.50; bulls. $2.50®4.25; calves, $407.25; fed Texas beeves, $4.5005.50; grass Texas steers, $3.6504.25; West ern range beeves, $405.25. Hogs, generally 5c lower than Monday’s av erage; prices, top, $4.20. Mixed and butchers, $3.9004.20; good to choice. heavy, $404.17%; rough heavy, $3.8004; light, $firstname.lastname@example.org; bulk of sftlss io. Sheep, best sheep and lambs, steady; others shade lower. Native wethers, $3.75<3>4.65; lambs, $405.30; Western wethers, $404.55; Western lambs, $4.7505.25. Receipts, cattle. 6,000, including 1,500 Western rangers; hogs, 38,000; sheep, 16,000. OMAHA LIVE STOCK. SO. OMAHA, Nov. 15.—Cattle, receipts yester day 4,800; steady, lower; native steers, $4.75®6; western steers, $email@example.com; Texas steers, $3.65® 4.35; cows and heifers, $firstname.lastname@example.org; Stockers and feeders, $3.5004.60. Hogs—Receipts, 11,000; shade lower; heavy, $email@example.com; mixed and light, $3.90@4; pigs, $firstname.lastname@example.org; bulk of sales, 53 90® 3.92%. Sheep—Receipts, 2,000; steady; muttons, $email@example.com; lambs, $4®5.50. KANSAS CITY LIVE STOCK. KANSAS CITY, Nov. 15.—Cattle, receipts yes terday 18,000; steady, weaker; native steers. s4® 5.90; Texas steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org; cows and heifers, 1.75@4; Stockers and feeders, $email@example.com. Hogs, re ceipts, 17,000; steady to shade lower; bulk of sales, $3.92%@4; heavy, $firstname.lastname@example.org%; mixed, $3.90 @3.97%; light. $email@example.com; pigs, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Sheep —Receipts, 4,000; steady; lambs, $email@example.com; muttons, $firstname.lastname@example.org. ST. LOUIS LIVE STOCK. ST. LOUIS, Nov. 15.—Cattle, receipts yesterday 3,000; steady, slow, lower; native steers, $3.65 @3.50; stockers and feeders, $email@example.com; cows and heifers, $4.75; Texas and Indian steers, $3.45® 6.50. Hogs—Receipts. S,000; market 5c lower; pigs and lights and packers. $firstname.lastname@example.org; butch ers, $4.05 @4.10. Sheep—Receipts, 2,800; steady; muttons, $email@example.com; lambs, $firstname.lastname@example.org. PRODUCE. | Revised and corrected up to noon, Nov. 14. BUTTER, EGGS AND CHEESE. BUTTER—The butter market is strong. There is no doubt about that. There is, however, a lull in the demand at the top. EGGS—The egg market Is stronger because of a good demand for fresh. 18@18%c per dozen is freely paid for choice. CHEESE—The market on cheese is steady, with a fair trade. Receipts are holding out pretty well, though the make is falling off somewhat. Trade is principally local. BUTTER—Today s quotations are as follows: Creameries — Extras 24%@25 Firsts 22 @24 Seconds - 20 @22 Imitations, firsts 20 @2l Imitations, seconds 17 @lB Dairies— Extras 22 @24 Firsts 20 @22 Seconds 18 @2O Ladles— Firsts 16 @l7 Seconds 14 @l6 Packing Stock— Roll butter 14 @l6 Fresh, sweet 14 @14% EGGS—Today’s quotations are as follows: Strictly fresh, loss off, cases In eluded I*%@lß Dirties and small, per dozen U @l* Cracks and checks, per dozen @l* Held, fresh 16 @l6 Cooler stock 14 @ls CHEESE—Today’s quotations are as follows: Full Cream— Twins or flats, fancy, new Twins or flats, choice 11 @|* Twins or flats, fair to good » @l* Swiss Cheese— No. 1 13%@14 No. 2 U f M Brick— . No. 1 .. I* @l*% No. 2 10 @H No. 3 6 @ 8 Llmburger— No. 1 .7 »%@l2 No. 2 9 @lO Primost— , „ No. 1 6@6% no. 2 3 @3% Young Americas— Fancy 12%@13 Choice 11 @l* MEATS, POULTRY AND GAME. Receipts of poultry are heavy on all lines, and buying Is fairly good from general sources. The market is well stocked up. and some Push ing Is necessary in order to clean up. keys, ducks and geese are coming freely. The demand Is fair. The market on dressed meats Is steady. A moderate amount of veal Is com ing with no active demand. Everything cleans up. however, though not In a lively manner. Mutton is quiet with not many coming. Game Is coming rather freely, and selling fairly well. The stock is In good condition. POULTRY—Today's quotations are as follows^ Turkeys, mixed coops 7 ©7% Turkeys, thin, small or poor o @ • Chickens, hens » @5% Roosters, old @ * Springs, per lb @ Ducks, white C • Ducks, colored @ » DRESSED quotations are as . follows: vS 'S3 **“*•• •" ••••••••; r*«!» Vrl, «Kt 111 Of ovarwtight 6 f saarittSM**..::;;;.! r* tttfyrfcz: ! it GAME—Today's quotations are aa folios ,i !» Redhead ducks. No. L do sen < 6.69 i:8 Groan wing teal, dosan i 1.66 Common duck, largo, dosen 1.69 4.69 Common duck, small, dosen 1.16 1.60 Geese, aa to also, dosen 7.061 4.00 Brant, aa to ala*, dosen 1.6004.00 Jacksntpe. dosen | 11.69 Golden plever, per dosen I 1.60 large yellow lags, dosen < 1.00 Sandsnipe. dos 16 \ 66 Woodcock, loam 3.6004.06 MISCELLANEOUS QUOTATIONS. The receipts of potatoes show a falling off from what It was a few days ago. The market holds about steady. POTATOES—Today's quotations are as follows: Good to fancy, car lota 16 016 SWEET POTATOES—Today's quotations are as follows: Jerseys, barrel $3,691.16 VEGETABLES—Today's quotations are as fol lows: Beets, bu 35 036 Carrots, bu ini Celery, dosen 020 Cauliflower, dosen 1.0001.60 Egg plant, dos 60 076 Lettuce, dosen 030 Onions 36 045 Parsley, dale's 015 Tomatoes, bu. 1.2501.50 Watercress, dozen 030 Squash, Hubbard, dosen 38 040 Rutabagas, bu 36 ®36 CABBAGE: —Today's quotations are as follows: Homegrown, crates large sl.lo® 1.25 Cabbage, per ton 10.00® 12.00 BEANS—Today's quotations are as follows: Fancy navy, hand-picked, bu $1.05®1.75 Medium, handpicked, bu 1.6001.60 Medium, fair, bu 1.0001.40 Medium, dirty, mixed, bu 50® 75 Brown beans, fancy, bu 01.75 Brown beans, fair to good, bu 1.2001.36 HONEY—Today's quotations are as follows: New white, 1-lb section 15 ®is Choice white, 1-lb section 14 015 Amber 8 016 Golden Rod .-. @9 Buckwheat 7 ® I Extract, white 8 0 9 Extract, amber 7 @8 FRUIT MARKET. The apple market is showing firmer condi tions. Much of the poor ordinary stock has been cleaned up, giving the market a chance to recuperate. A large amount of stock Is being sold, and business Is resting on a more satis factory basis. The demand Is for local con sumption. Fruits from the west coast are not much in evidence. Late grapes, comprising the Malagas and Emperors are about all there is on the market, and a good demand exists on these. New York fruits consist of grapes exclusively. Concords and Catawbas being the principal lines. These sell well and Concords will bring 18c a basket If fine. Much of the stock com ing, however, Is soft wine stock used only for grapes. APPLES—Today’s quotations are as follows: Fancy New Yorks $email@example.com Fancy Michigan 2.7503.00 Fancy Southern 2.50®2.75 Common 2.0002.25 NOTE—Car lot prices per bbl, 25 cents less, ORANGES—Today’s quotations are as follows: Mexicans, fancy $firstname.lastname@example.org LEMONS—Today's quotations are as follows; Messinas, 300 s to 3605, fancy $4.2504.50 Messlnas, 300 s to 3605, choice $.7504.2:> California, fancy, as to size 4.0004.25 California, choice, as to size 3.5003.75 Verdellls. fancy, 300 s to 360 s 4.2504.50 BANANAS—Today's quotations are as follows: Fancy, large bunches $2.0002.25 Medium, bunches 1.2301.09 Small, bunches 7501.00 GRAPES—Today’s quotations are as follows: Concords, fancy @l7 Catawbas, 5-lb baskets @l4 Catawbas, 10-lb baskets @23 Soft wine stock 8 @lO WEST COAST FRUlTS—Today's quotations are as follows: Emperor grapes @1.33 Malagas, keg $5.0008.00 CRANBERRIES—Today's quotations are as follows: Cape Cod, bbl $5.2505.50 Wisconsin and Minnesota, bu 1.5001.60 ; MISCELLANEOUS. j MINNEAPOLIS HIDE MARKET. MINNEAPOLIS, Oct. 12.—Reported by th* Northwestern Hide & Fur Co.: No. 1. No. 2. Green salted cow and steer hides, all weights 10 .09 Green salted bulls, stags and oxen .08% .07% Green salted long-haired kips, or runners 10% .08% Green salted veal kip, 15 to 25 pounds 10% -09 Green salted veal calf, 8 to 15 lbs... .11% .10 salted deacon skins, under 8 pounds each 45 .35 Green hides, kip and calf, lc per lb less than green salted. Other grades in proportion. DRY HIDES. Minnesota. Dakotas, lowa and Wisconsin— No. 1. No. 2. Dry flint cows and steers 12% .11 Dry flint bulls 10% .09 WOOL. Minnesota and Dakotas, as to qual ity 15 @ .16 Pelts, large, each 60 0 .70 Pelts, medium, each 40 @ .50 Pelts, small, each 25 0 .40 Shearlings, each 10 0 .15 Tallow, in cakes .04% Tallow, in barrels .04% ROOTS. Ginseng, dry $4.7505.00 Seneca .350 .37 NEW YORK BUTTER AND EGGS. NEW YORK, Nov. 15.—Butter, receipts yester day 8,376 pkgs; market strong; western creamery, 18@25e; June creamery, 18@24c; factory, 15@17c. Cheese—Receipts, 7,060 packages; quiet; small September colored, 12%@12%e; finest October. 12@12%c; large colored fancy September, 12*4 @l2%c; large October finest, ll%c. Eggs—Re ceipts, 9,131 packages; strong; western un changed at mark, 14@20c. Sugar—Raw steady; fair refining, 3 13-16 c; centrifugal 96 test, 4%c; molasses sugar, 3 9-16 c. Refined steady. Coffee steady; No. 7, 6%c. CHICAGO PORK. CHICAGO, Nov. 15.—The pork market was weak. The trading was very slow. "The out look Is bad," so said a trader. We do not be lieve him. The following was the range of prices on pork: January— Opening, $9.50; highest, $9.50®9.52%. lowest, $9.45; closing Tuesday. closing Monday, $9.55. May—Opening, $9.60; highest, $9.60; lowest, $9.52%; closing Tuesday, $9.57%; closing Mon day, $9.65. December— Opening. $8.05; highest, $8.07%; low est. $8.05: closing Tuesday, $8.07%; closing Mon day, $8.12%. MIDWAY HORSE MARKET. MINNESOTA TRANSFER, Nov. 15.—Barrett & Zimmerman's report: Heavy offerings were ample to fill all demands. Prices proved fluc tuating and unevenly lower than recent quota tions. Dealers predict a large outlet of logging horses this week, as a large shortage of log ging horses is reported In the northern lum bering districts and the time draws near when the horses will be needed. There Is a general complaint among shippers that the wholesalu market prices are below the first cost of horses In the country, and that higher prices will have to be paid on the market. If not, horses will he excluded from the sale. Quotations: Drafters, choice $115@145 Drafters, common to good 80® Hi Farm horses, choice 80@100 Farm horses, common to good 50® 86 MINNEAPOLIS HAY MARKET. MINNEAPOLIS. Nov. 15.—The hay market Is very firm. Good demand. Upland, choice $email@example.com Upland, No. 1 7-00 Upland, No. 2 *-56 Midland firstname.lastname@example.org* Medium 6W@?“6 Low grades 4.00@.j.00 Timothy, choice 9.0009.50 Timothy. No. 1 email@example.com Timothy, No. 2 firstname.lastname@example.org) Rye straw, choice 4.5005.06 COFFEE AND SUGAR MARKETS. NEW YORK, Nov. 15.—Coffee, options opened steady yesterday with prices 10@15 points lower in sympathy with weak European markets and under large Brazilian receipts. Europe zold freely around the opening, but later turned buyer as the local trade showed no desire to follow up the break. By mid-day a portion of the decline had been wiped out by active cover ing Trading was brisk most of the day. The market dozed steady; November. 15 points low er other months unchanged to 10 points lower: sales Included December, $6.2005. 25 ; J anua ry. $f>.email@example.com; July, $6.60; September, $5.7606.80; October $firstname.lastname@example.org. Spot coffee, Rio quiet and nominal: No 7 Invoice, «%c; No. 7 Jobbing, 6%c. Mild quiet; Cordova, 6%@11%c. Sugar, raw irregular’ buyers and sellers apart; fair refining. 3 13-16; centrifugal, 96 test, 4%c; molasses sugar. 3 9-16 c. Refined quiet. METAL MARKETS. . , NEW YORK, Nor., 15.—The weakness of the Daet week or more In the metal markets of this country and abroad was Increased ma terially yesterday. Tin was notably depressed, closing at the lowest level in months. Cabls and telegraphic news was adverse to the mar ket. leading to liberal offerings at lower quota tions and conservatism on the part of buyers, at the close the metal exchange called pig Iron warrants* 0 easy! 6 with March and April rated $15.50015.75; lake copper dull at sl7, tin easy, with $26.50 bid and $26.70 asked; lead qnlet, with 14 enc -bid and $4.62% asked. Spelter dull, with $4 65 told and $4 75 asked. The brokers' price for lead Is $4.40 and for copper sl7. Fruit ** Disinfectants. A plea for the use of fruits in abundance comes from a trained nurse, who says that all fruit Juices are disinfectants and germ cides In traveling, when It Is impossible to get boiled or filtered water, the Juice of a lemon will do quite at well. Squeeze a lit tle into a glass of Water, let it stand for* few moments and the water will he tnor oughly disinfected.— Philadelphia Publio Ledger. An Expert nt It. "My dear sir," said the Rev. Mr. Goodman, "it grieves me to see you in this condlt-on. Msy I not persuade you to follow the stra.g.i an# n *‘Bhay, P oie l man, you can't give me on shtratt n' narrow walker, thash wha’ I am. —Chicago *m.«s» Herald.