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The representative. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1893-1901, November 16, 1899, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059591/1899-11-16/ed-1/seq-5/

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POISON IN FIELDS
KOIIOrS WEEDS WHICH KILL OFF
OCR DOMESTIC ANIMALS;
Xhr Loco PlMt I* Con»llertl tLe
Worst Death Lsrka is Many
Plants Common on Farms—Fifty
tWo Plants Known to Be Poisonons
and Seventy-six Are Snspeeted of
Seine of That Natnre.
The unfailing instinct in wild animals
•which teaches them what forms of vegeta
tion are harmful or poisonous seems to be
lost when the animals are domesticated,
as a result of which thousands of head of
live stock are lost In this country every
year through poisonous vegetation. To
prevent this loss in so far as possible the
department of agriculture has been making
scientillc investigation and tests, and has
now issued a preliminary catalogue of plants
poisonous to stock, by V. K. Chestnut, B.
S., assistant in the botany division of the
department. Mr. Chestnut describes 62
plants known to be poisonous to stock, 39
plants concerning the poisonous qualities of
which there is good, though not positive
evidence, and 37 plants which come under
the head of suspects. Nearly all of these
forms of vegetation are of common growth
in various parts of the country, and as
many of them are as dangerous to human
beings as to cattle the catalogue contains
information of value to the general public
as well as the farmer and stock raiser.
Of the grasses, which nearly all ruminant
animals of this continent feed upon, several
species are dangerous. The seed of the dar
nel, or poisonous rye grass which groWB
abundantly on the Pacific slope, is said to
be dangerous to both animals and man. In
New Mexico and Arizona grows a perennial
grass locally known as sleepy grass, which
horses and cattle bred In that region rec
ognize and eschew as harmful; but Imported
stock feed upon it and often die of Its nar
cotic effects,falling into a deep slumber from
which it is impossible to arouse them.
Indian corn grass has been described as
fatal to cattle when eaten in considerable
quantities; but Mr. Chestnut believes that
the poisonous properties are due, not to the
vegetation itself, but to parasitic growths
upon It.. The common species of ergot
which grows among meadow grasses causes
yearly a heavy mortality. Every year farm
ers report the poisoning of cattle from eat
ing golden rod, but this, too, is very likely
a case of parasitic growth, known as rust.
Another product of the flower garden, and
one of the most beautiful, is a swift and
violent poison to man and beast alike; the
delicate and fragrant lily of the valley.
Cases of severe poisoning are on record,
where people have merely bitten at the
stems of the flower in abstraction.
Most dreaded of all poisonous weeds by
the ranchman is the loco weed, common in
one or other of Its forms throughout the
West where it does enormous damage to
stock. The chief damage is to horses which
seem to take to the weed more readily than
cattle, and soon become locoed. A horse is I
said to be locoed when he acquires an j
unnatural appetite for the deleterious weed.
Once in this condition, he will touch no
other food and in a short time becomes
crazy, in which state he sometimes runs |
wild, lashing out with his heels and biting j
at any man or animal that somes near him, j
and sometimes staggers about w’ith droop- j
ing head and half closed eyes until death i
supervenes. The cause of death is thought !
to be inanition rather than actual poison- I
ing in loco cases, as there is no nourish- ,
ment in the weed and the animals addicted j
to the habit pine away with surprising ■
rapidity. The loco habit in horses is com- |
parable to the opium or hasheesh habit in !
human beings, except that the animal, hav- j
ing no reasoning powers to act as a check j
upon his appetite, succumbs more quickly, j
The state of Colorado between 1881 and*
1885 paid out in bounties nearly $200,000 in
an effort to exterminate the woolly loco
weed which is the commonest species in
that region, but the plant is still abun
dant there. Heavy losses are reported
yearly from the lambert or stemless loco
weed, also. To sheep the lupines, a genus
of herbaceous shrub, are almost as deadly
as the loco is to horses, though there Is
some question whether the plant contains
actually poisonous qualities or causes death
from purely mechanical effects by clogging
the intestines and causing bloating. Reports
from three herds in 1898 show a mortality
o' about 2,000 from lupine eating.
In the eastern half of the United States,
where it chiefly grows, the rattlebox, or
rattlewood. is an object of concern to farm
ers. lest it become mixed with hay in cut
ting, for in this way it Is frequently fatal
to horses, and sometimes to cattle. In its
growing state animals wlnn ot touch it.
This curious weed is also a source of ex
treme terror to human beings, who en
counter it after the plant has begun to get
dry. and the oblong pods which it bears
begin to stiffen, for in that condition the
peas within the pods, when the plant is
struck or brushed aside, rattle with an
exact and blood chilling imitation of the
warning of the rattlesnake, whence the
plant takes its name, Crotalaria sagittalis,
frcm Crotalus, the scientific name of the
rattlesnake family.
At least one species of the common butter
cup is poisonous to cattle, the celery
leaved or cursed crowfoot, and it is thought
that all the kinds of buttercups which grow
in swampy lands are dangerous. In gen
eral, however, cattle avoid all the butter
cups on account of the extremely acrid
cattle. The common milkweed or ascleplas,
though commonly avoided by cattle, has
been known .to cause death when mixed with
hav. A few cases of poisoning by jimson
weed in hay are also cited. The properties
of the common swamp hellebore, known
also as Indian poke, are not yet fully un
derstood. Cases are known of both men and
horses being poisoned by this plant, yet
sheep eat the young leaves and shoots
greedily and without evil effects. On the
other hand, the seed is death to chickens.
Boxwood, highly esteemed for hedges in
the New England states, is poisonous to all
kinds of stock. The seeds of the castor-oil
plant, which is much cultivated in the
South, and has escaped from cultivation
there, and flourishes in the wild state, are
known to be poisonous to horses and sheep.
The same is true of the leaves of the to
bacco plant when dry; the fresh leaves are
eaten in small quantities by stock without
injurious effect. The broad leaf laurel,
Which is common all along the Atlantic
coast, kills many sheep and cattle every
season. The water hemlock is another dan
gerous weed, the plants frequently becoming
mixed with hay and killing the cattle that
eat the hay. Hogs are poisoned by the
blood root, or red root, a wild plant which
exudes a red, paint-like sap when the root
is broken; also the American cocklebur.
People have been poisoned by drinking the
milk of cows which had been feeding upon
the mandrake, the Juice of which is a pow
erful purgative. Sneezeweed causes bitter
ness in the meat and milk of cattle that feed
upon it, and the common wild garlic taints
the milk of cows to such an extent that it
is unfit for consumption.
An unusual case of plant ravages is cited
from Michigan, where a vast tract of re
claimed swamp land has been made practi
cally worthless by the growth of a dense
crop of the slender nettle all over it.
Horses cannot be driven through this
growth, and, therefore, the land cannot be
cultivated. Among trees, the leaves of
which are poisonous to stock, are mentioned
the camman yew, or ground hemlock, the
wild black cherry, the black greasewood, or
chlco of the Southwest, which causes great
mortality among sheep, and the common
locust tree, the bark and leaves of which"
are poisonous to cattle and men alike.
J
l)i
The Gnornoa* Coat of Yachting.
Few branches of sport yield less In com
parison with the sums lavished on them than
yachting, which of necessity is a monopoly
of men with well lined purses. The initial
cost of a yacht may range from SSOO to
$500,000, and the annual outlay from SSOO to
$50,000.
The man who buys a 50-ton yacht for
pleasure purposes alone, and without any
of the added cost of racing, must expect her
1 to cost him $2,500 a year. For a 100-ton
2 yacht he will have to disburse from $3,500
s to $5,000 a year, without counting deprecia-
J tion or the interest on the SIO,OOO or $15,000
f he has sunk in her purchase.
* When a man aspires to the luxury of a
steam yacht of hundreds of tons he ought
to have the deep purse of ■ millionaire, for
he may well spend on his bobby the annual
V ’
Vb
I®**** ot a eahtoet gf the tret
to******* Horn* on the money
Ua floetint petaoe rtprmnu wnuldpay
the eonut stipend ofT w
tor Pleasure yachts only, as
distinguished from racing yaehts; ter the
* nicer must expect to add ma
mteniflt^ *° outlay and yearly
*• estimated that the cost of building
ana racing the Shamrock and Columbia for
this season cannot he much lesa than
$1,000,000. -
7** Milora on the Columbia will re
ceive $35 a month; so that for a season of
“ ontb# their wagee alone will absorb
$6,826. Their food will bring thin sum to at
SIO,OOO, and to this total for wages
of *s4 000 mUBt b * added the ■hipper's salary
These Items, although they amount to
nearly $15,000, only repiesent a part of the
season’s expenses. At least once a week
’•he yacht will have to be taken out of the
water ta have her bottom polished. The
tuunganese bronze of which her hull is built
accumulates seaweed rapidly and this and
all other accretloas must be cleared away
at short intervals if her speed is not to
suffer.
To say that ths Columbia will cost her
owner $26,000 for the season's racing is
probably an underestimate; while the cost
of racing the Shamrock will be greater. If
the. Shamrock is successful in bringing
back the cup to England, the trophy will
cost her generous owner no less than $325,-
000 in addition to all other normal expendi
ture; for this is the sum which will be re
quired to pay every member of the winning
cyew the promised $5 a week for life.
To race a yaeht like the Britannia, the
Meteor, or the Rainbow for a single season
cannot cost less than $15,000, apart from
accidents and depreciation; while if we con
sider the short racing life of one of these
"greyhounds,” and distribute her original
cost of the few years of her life the annual
. price paid for the brief luury of owning
her must be increased by many thousands
a year.
Certainly it is safe to say that no man
should think of owning a racing yacht of
this class who is not prepared to spend
$25,000 to $30,000 a year for the indulgence.
Even the gift of a SSOO prize is largely re
moved by the extra expenses of racing and
winning. It Is usual for the owner of a
winning yacht to pay her crew $5 each, in
addition to their wages. On a boat like
the Britannia this liberality would entail
an extra cost of nearly S2OO for the day.
To this item in the balance sheet must be
added SSO gratuity for the skipper, and a
smaller fee -for the pilot, together with an
other $25 for provisions and beverages.
Thus, against the prize of SSOO must be set
an additional charge for the day of about
S3OO.
If the yacht. Instead of winning, loses, a
sum of about half this amount must be
spent on the race, and added to the normal
ccst of maintenance.
.•.Margaret’s Lover.*.
“Aunt Prue, how proud you must have
felt when you won that SIOO prize in your
first story competition. I wonder what you
did with all that sudden wealth.”
“I have never yet told any one what I
first did with the money, Margarqt,” replied
Mrs. Morris, “but it can do no harm to
tell the story now. It all happened 10
years ago.
“As I was on my way home with the two
crisp SSO bills in my pocket, I met a young
man who had been one of my pupils' two or
three years before. He was quite a favor
ite of mine, and I had known his people for
many years. On this day he turned and
walked with me, and I soon guessed that he
was in some deep trouble. After a while
I won the story from him. He had been
speculating in stocks and had ‘borrowed,’
unknown to bis employers, SIOO of the firm's
money. He had lost, and in despair at be
ing unable to refund the money, had forged
bis uncle’s name to a check, which, how
ever, he had not yet found courage to pre
sent for payment.
“Well, the end of it was that the crisp SSO
bills in my possession changed hands, the
forged check was destroyed, and Charlie left
me, with broken words of thanks and a
few earnest promises for the future.”
“Did he ever repay you the money,
auntie?”
“Yes, he paid it all back in a few
months. I believe he has always lived an
honest, upright life since, and I have never
legretted the first investment of my prize
money.”
A short time later as Margaret Rimmer
was on her way home, she heard a deep,
manly voice say, “Good afternoon, Miss Mar
garet,” and Professor Hay fell into step by
her side.
“I have lust been calling on my Aunt
Prudence,” said Margaret, as they walked
on slowly. “I have spent a delightful af
ternoon reading some of her old stories.
You know she won a hundred-dollar prize
once with one of her first stories.”
“Yes, I remember,” said the professor,
somewhat absently, looking down as he
spoke at a few fluffy curls that escaped from
beneath the brim of his companion’s hat.
“I remember that I met your aunt on the
day that she received the prize, and she al
lowed me to walk part of the way home
with her. You know she was my teacher
in the old high school.”
“No, I did not know it,” replied Margaret
slowly, with a shock of surprise. To her
self she was repeating with a sick heart,
“This is the end of auntie’s story; his name
is Charles Hay, and it was he who walked
home with auntie that day. He must never
know that I know.” She forced herself to
take part in the conversation, trying to
put aside for the time the thought of what
this knowledge must mean to her, that she
could never again look up to him with the
old respect, that the sweet fancies that had
of late begun to come to her, of a dearer
friendship between them, must be resolutely
crushed out. No, It could never be just
the same again.
When, a few days later, Mr. Hay called
on Margaret, and In a few manly words
told her of his love, Margaret gently, but
decidedly, refused his offer. She would give
him no reason, except that It could never
be. No, she cared for no one else —but it
could never be. So the professor went sadly
away, and Margaret, with pale face and
eyes dim with unshed tears, sought he;
room.
For hours that night Margaret Rimmer
lay awake and wrestled with the problem—
was it fair to condemn the man of 30, hon
est, respected, who had won bis place in the
world, for the folly and sin of 10 years ago?
Had he not nobly redeemed the past? But,
still, how could she respect him as she
might if she had never heard that wretched
story? A forger, a thief. No, she could
never trust her life’s happiness to one whom
she could not reverence as nobler, greater,
than herself.
Margaret was calling on her aunt a few
days later, when Mrs. Morris remarked:
“By the way, you remember the story I
told you about the young man whom I
helped out of trouble with my prize
money?”
“Yes,” said Margaret, faintly, wonderinj
what was to come.
“He called on me yesterday and brought
me a photograph of his two children."
“His children!" exclaimed Margaret.
“Yes, he is married, and has a lovely wife
and a pretty little home.”
Margaret listened as if in a dream. “The,
then it was not Mr. Hay?” she stammered.
“Mr. Hay! No, indeed. Charles Hay it
the soul of honor. Why, what in the world
made you connect him with this story?”
"He—he said he walked home with you on
the day you received the prize money. And
he Bald he was one of your old pupils—” ,
Mrs. Morris looked puzzled. “I may have
met him that afternoon, and he may have
walked part of the way home with me, but
—why, Margaret?”
For the girl had thrown herself down be
side her aunt and, with her face hidden ii
the folds of Mrs. Morris’ gown, was half
sobbing and half weeping.
The older woman patted the girl’s bowed
lwiarfatt THB MIKUIM!ATIVR IHUUDAT, HOVUIIIftB IC> UN>
toad, while her face lit vp with a sudden
understanding.
The ncgt time Ifargaret met the
She smildd o% him se sweetly that the
poor map #aa* bewildered. They met fre
quently. and at Margaret’s request the pro-,
fessor resumed his calls. At last he ven
tured once more to tell her of hie love, and
this time her reply must have been a favor
able one, for when the profeeaor left, some
time later, he walked as one who had re
ceived a crown. And so, perhaps, he had,
for a man can win no better crown than the
love of a true woman.—Boston Post. '
Their Hunchbacked Coosin
A worthy man who, with his family, re
sides in Paris, received a letter from his
nephew, who was at that time a trader in
Hyderabad. The latter terminated thus:
“I have received the portraits of my cou-i
sins, Mary and Margaret, whom I have
never had the pleasure of seeing, having
been since my infancy a resident of Hy
derbad. I shall arrive >t Havre in the
brig Quoe Ego, about the first of October,
and with your consent shall marry my
beautiful cousin Mar ”
The remainder of the name having been
written under the seal had been torn off
and destroyed in opening the letter, so
that it was impossible to ascertain wheth
er the nephew had chosen Mary or Mar
garet.
A mutual coolness and Jealousy now
sprang up between the > slstqrs, who had
hitherto lived in the most affectionate har
mony. Each believed that hers was the
name mentioned in the letter.
At length a courier arrived from Havre
and announced that his master would be
in Paris next day. The servant was over
whelmed with questions, to which he re
plied that his master had been ruined, and
that he was afflicted with a protuber
ance of the left shoulder, similar to that
which had caused all the misfortunes of
Aesop, the Phrygian.
Both sisters voted that they would re
main maids forever rather than wed a
hunchbacked and penniless cousin.
The cousin arrived. The father embraced
him cordially; the daughters curtseyed
prettily and turned away their eyes. The
father explained the accident that had be
fallen the letter, and Inquired ,pf his nephew
the object of his choice. \ 4. ,
“My cousin Mary,” answered the nephew.
“Never, never,” exclaimed'Mary;. “I am
satisfied with my condition, and shall not
change it.”
“Mademoiselle,” said the nephew, “I have
adopted the habits of the country, of which
I am all but a native. Read the man
ners and customs in Hyedrabad, and you
will see that in that country, when a young
man’s proposals of marriage are rejected,
he withdraws himself from society as a
useless member and ”
“Kills himself,” exclaimed the other sis
ter, the good natured Margaret.
“Kills himself,” repeated the nephew, in
the tone of a man about to commit suicide.
“My poor cousin!” murmurs Margaret,
with tears in her eyes. “He has come so
far to meet death in the bosom of his fam
ily!”
“I know,” continued the nephew, “that
my deformity is offensive to the eye of
woman, but time can accustom even the
eye of woman to ugliness; I am also aware
that my position as a merchant is not the
best. Engaged from early youth in the
diamond trade —the only trade carried on
in Hyderabad—l have lost all my father’s
property, but I have gained experience. I
am young, active, industrious; these quali
ties are riches in themselves.”
“Yes, yes—hunchbacked and penniless,”
murmured Mary in a mocking voice aside.
“Poor young man!” said Margaret, and
then added, “I also have been refused,
cousin, but you don’t seem to mind that.”
“Refused! and by whom?” asked the
cousin.
“Why, by yourself, in preferring my sis
ter to me.”
“Well,” replied the cousin, “what will
you say if I ask your father for you?”
“I shall entreat my father to let my
cousin live!”
“What! you consent, my pretty Mar
garet?” exclaimed the hunchback.
“To save a relation’s life I cannot hesi
tate a moment!”
“Very good, my daughter,” said the father
touched by the scene. “I perceive that ro
mances have not spoiled you. I have a very
limited income, but I cannot forsake my
brother’s son in his distress. I will keep
him here as my son-in-law. If there is
en-jigh for three there is also enough for
four.” .
“Uncle,”' said the nephew, “with your
permission I will retire to arrange mj
toilet a little before luncheon.”
He kissed Margaret’s hand, bowed to
Mary, and withdrew to change his traveling
dress.
The uncle and his two daughters placed
themselves at the table, and awaited th<
guest, who was soon announced by the
servant. Both sisters uttered a cry of
surprise, but in different keys. They beheld
a young gentleman of slender and sym
metrical form enter the room. He advanced
and embraced Margaret. Placing before he;
a beautiful basket he said: “There is your
dower!”
The basket was filled with diamonds.
“It is also the hunch which has deceived
the custom house officers, and arrived here
free of duty. This,” added the nephew, "is
what I have carried on my shoulders from
Bombay to Havre, for the purpose of offer
ing it to the fair cousin who was willing
to accept me with my pretended poverty
and deformity!”—London Evening News.
THE BOER AND HIS RIFLE.
Difference Between the Weapon Used
Now and That of 20 Years Algo.
Washington—ln the war of 1879-'BO the
Boers displayed deadly accuracy with the
rifle, but their weapon then was very differ
ent from the arm used last week at Dundee.
The rifle of 20 years ago was built on the
lines of tahe British Martini. It was a
hammerless arm of about nine pounds
weight, with a 30-inch, half octagon barrel
and a shotgun built stock. The calibre was
.45, with a bullet weighing from 405 to 450
grains. The powder charge was 90 grains
in a brass drawn cartridge case. The rifle
was sighted up to 2,000 yards. Besides the
usual stationary sight it had a reversible
front—that is, a sight capable of being used
as an ordinary front sight, and, by a single
motion, It was changed into a fine pinhead
sight covered with a ring to keep it from
being knocked off. On an occasion where
particularly fine shooting was demanded,
this front globe was further covered with
a thimble-shaped hood, shading it perfectly.
The usual standing rear, or fixed sights
were on the barrel, while on the gun grip
was a turn down peep that was regulated by
a side screw to an elevation of 2,000 yards.
The peep and globe are never used under
700 to 800 yards.
“I was very much interested in the Boer
riflemen and their weapons,” said Archibald
Forbes, who was with Sir Evelyn Wood’s
column in South Africa in 1879-’BO. “They
are marvelous rifle shots. They shoot their
antelope and other game from the saddle,
not apparently caring to get nearer than
600 or 700 yards. Then they understand the
currents or air, their effect upon the drift
of a bullet, and can judge distance as accu
rately as it could be measured by a skilled
engineer. They can hit an officer as far as
they can discern the insignia of rank. Sir
George W. Colley, the commander in South
Africa, was killed at a distance of 1,400
yards at Majuba Hill. We lost terribly in
officers at the fight mentioned, and also at
Laings Nek and Rorke’s Drift, from the
deadly rifles of the sharpshooting Boers.”
It is easy enough to see how the Boer
became so expert with the rifle. History
of 100 and more years ago in the South
west and the West of this country is re
peating itself on the South African veldts.
Every old state of the American union, ex
cept Louisiana, was won from its red own-'
era by the pioneer and his deadly rifle.
Foe 240 mn the HeUuder wbe went tn
tor-off Beeth wAtrtee iri Me*- Oeeaenienf
km fought wild beuaii end wild tom ter
the oountTjr flflSjrwXntldL The* Beer regie*
of South Africa, producing fine wheat add
corn crops, la very fertile. It hne a
native graee that live Otock thrives on,
with n climate very much like that of
the country “from southwestern Kansas ter
New Mextoo. But to obtain this coun
try the Boer had first tn WBljiftr it. This
made him a sharpshooter. One hundred
end fifty years ago the Dutch farmer with
hie five-foot-barrel roar, a smooth-bore
gun, was a dead shot within the limitations
of his weapon. Every. Raw Ira hnnter.
He has to be. His faired to large, anywhere
from 15,000 to 25,000 fiffnß."' xhe country
is sparsely settled. lion and other
smaller eats, and the! hyena were the na
tural enemies of his lbcki and herds. They
had to be kept down »y, the roer and later
by the rifle. Kruger himself is said to
have killed 250 lions, not to speak of
panthers and hyanaa. \ Then the ever-pres
ent danger of a native toiftbreak caused the
solitary farmer or Boer to see to it that
he had tke beat arms [mutable for dsfense
and offense. 1 I
The Boer weapon that did such execution
the other day is the shotting model of the
Mannllcber, a Germs* (frm. perhaps the
most powerful- weapqptd its calibre and
weight in the world, r Tke military Mann-
Ilcher is used in the armies of Austria,
Holland. Greece, Brstzil, ChilW Psrq-and"
Roumanla. " The ideal Mafinllcner is used
as a sporting rifle, and is known as the
Haenel model. It is a beautifully finished
arm, weighing about eight pounds, and
costing In South Africa 200 German marks.
Ths rifle barrel is 30 Inches long, the car
bine is'24. It has a pistol grip and sling
straps, and is hair triggered. Its qgli
bre is 80. * «Tb*s “rifle has am-extreme range
of 4,500 yards, and a killing range of 4,000.
At that distance the bullet will go through
two inches o'f pine. The bullet for war
is full-mantled, with a fine outer skin of
copper and nickel. That for game shoot
ing is only half mantled, leaving the lead
point exposed, so that it opens back or
mushrooms when it strikes. For deer,
elk and bears' there can be no better arm.
Though the bullet makes but a small orifice
where It enters, the expansion causes It
to tear a hole as large as a man’s finger
when It makes its exit. Traveling at the
rate of 2,000 feeet a’ second the force of
this bullet’s blow Is tremendous. There
has beeh ih'il6h discussion over the dum
dum bullets It Is a soft-pointed missile, but
by no means so deadly or destructive as
is this Haenel-Mannlicher bullet which the
Boers are using. If it strikes at close
range, or 1,000 yards or under, and does not
flatten, the Mannlicher bullet bores a hole
right through a bone without splintering.
But when it upsetp the shopkis terrible.
The bullet literally smashes the flesh and
bones into fragments. >' It' has been charged
that the Boers are ipaing the soft-pointed
bullet in their deadly Haenel-Mannlichers.
_
THE FARMER GOT A HI.iCH.
And the Skin Gamblers Did Not At
tempt to Detain Him.
A middle-aged Maryland farmer, who
picked the right ones to the tune of nearly
SBOO at the races got " into Washington on
the night following tb# wihd-up of the fair.
He was hunting for M joyance, and three
cheerful workers got hold of him and nudg
ed him into a four-harfded poker game.
The farmer didn't know much about the
game, but he won steadily,for the first hour.
Then the cheerful workers went at him in
a bunch, and they took his winnings and
his own bundle off him so fast that it
made him sneeze. One of them got a
“squee jib,” which he explained as being
a hand that couldn’t be shown, and raked
down $135 of the Maryland man's money.
Another got a lallapaloosa, consisting of
three clubs and a pair of spades, and took
SBS of the farmer’s money. The Mary
land man only had three queens. Another
of the merry grafters caught four diamons
and the ace of clubs on top, which, being
a “klfty nitch,” beat any hand in the deck,
as was explained to the man who had won
out on the fair, and the “kifty nitch’ ’topped
his king full and cost him S9O more. The
Maryland farmer began to look pretty sol
emn when he wks" more fban S3OO In the
hole. Then it came to a..jack pot. All
hands staid until the pressure became too
great, and when two of the grafters dropped
out there was more than $350 in the cen
ter of the table. The farmer stood pat,
and he came back at the grafter who plug
ged at him etfery time with $25 raises.
When there was more than S6OO in the
middle of the table, the farmer pasted the
amount of the grafter’s last raise into the
center of the table and called. The grafter
laid down four Jacks.
“No good,’ ’said the farmer, throwing
his hand face down in the middle of the
table, and raking in the pot.
“Hold on there,” exclaimed the grafter,
“What are you trying to do anyhow? I
have got four jacks. What you got?”
“I’ve got a hunch,” said the farmer,
sweeping the stakes, which consisted of
bills and not chips, into his pocket, and
he backed out of the room. He happened
to be about 6 feet 3 and built in proportion,
and the cheerful workers didn’t attempt to
detain him.—’-Washington Post.
A WICKED-LOOKING WEAPON.
Description of the Manser Pistol to Be
Used by Cavalrymen.
“The new Mauser pistol, with which our
cavalry is about to lii drmed, is a horri
ble looking piece ofr. machinery,” said an
esthetic sportsman t? a Chicago Chronicle
reporter. “It doesn’t resemble a firearm at
all, but looks like Some strange scientific
instrument, such as t might see in a
laboratory. Imagine a cigar box, japan
ned black, with a handle at one end and
a short tube at the ; other, and there you
have it. The box contains the mechanism
and the tube spouts the bullets. The cav
alryman of the past was a dashing fig
ure. He wore a steeh cuirass and a helmet
with nodding plumes, anti while he carried
a brace of pistols in’ hid* holsters, his real
weapon was his trusty saber. Do you re
member the splendid fellows who are gal
loping past Napoleon in Meissonier’s ‘1807?’
Since then science has gradually sucked all
the poetry out of war and the Mauser pis
tol is the last work of brutal utilitarianism.
The cavalryman of the futre will carry noth
ing but a small black walnut bov and will
closely resemble a surgeon going out to
operate for appendicitis. When he gets to
the right spot, designated by the engineer
corps, he will dismount, open the box, take
out . his hideous Mauser machine, hook the
case to one end, so as to form a sholder
rest, spray a few quarts of projectiles "in
a given direction, and go home again to
rest after the fatigue of the fray. If the
calculations of the range finder are all right
his bullets perforate somebody a mile away.
That will be war ala mode. In some
respects it Is a great improvement on the
old style, but It will inspire no poets. Imag
ine Tennyson writing the ‘Charge of the
Light Brigade’ about a cavalry regiment
armed with Mauser automatics.”
CAPT. S. F. BROWN’S EXPLOIT.
It is not always best to bury the hatchet,
especially If it Is an historic one. Accordingly
at Gettysburg, the new statue of Capt. Stephen
F. Brown, which Is a part of the monument
marking the spot where the 13th Vermont in
fantry stood on the battlefield, will give It par
ticular prominence. The reason Is that Capt.
Brown heroically led with a hatchet
the battle until ffirwrested from a rebel
officer a sword 'atT# -
The hatchet In the near the cap
tain’s right foot. The presence of the hatchet In
any position naturally suggests Inquiry, and
that Is Just why the Vermonters wanted it there.
Every cemetery guide i will know the story of
Capt. Brown and his hatchet, visitors will tell
It to their children, and It will become history.
At the battle of Gettysburg the 13th Vermont
was a part of Gen. Stannard’s Vermont com
mand. The Second Vermont brigade had been
left on outpost duty in Virginia until the third
day after the Army of the Potomac had passed
it In pursuit of Lee’s troops into Maryland and
Pennsylvania. Then the brigade got orders to
proceed by forced marches to Join the Army of
the Potomac. The latter was also on forced
march, but in six days’ time the Vermonters
had overtaen the main body. Just before the
first dav's battle Capt. Brown’s command came
up to a well at which was an armed guard.
"You can’t get water here,” said the guard.
“ 'Gainst orders.”
"D—n your orders,” said Capt. Brown, and
then, with all the canteens of the men, and with
only one man to help him. he thrust the guard
aside and filled the canteens. ’ His arrest followed
and he was deprived of his sword.
The history-making battle began with Capt.
Brown a prisoner. He begged for a chance to
rejoin his company and was allowed to go.
He picked up a camp hatchet and ran to the
firing line, rushed into the fray, and singling out
a rebel officer 50 yards away, penetrated the rebel
ranks, collared the officer, wresting from -him
his sword and pistol, after which he dropped his
Ratchet, while his men cheered him amid the
storm of bullets ahd smoke. Such, in brief, was
Capt. Brown’s exploit.
MARKETS
\ QRAIN. ]
S»qgKxHgWM»<xgw^^K»^oD>R#»o^o^^^Rc
TUB DAY'S UNITS.
OmlU
_ Tuettey. Monday.
December wheat, Minneapolis ..... 63 >4 62%-63
December wheat. Ckicqgo <7% 67 1-16
December wheat. New York 71 71%
December wheat. Duluth 66 61%
December wheat, St. Louie 68% 68%
Minneapolis range of pneea:
Open- Hlfh- Lew- Closing.
Wheat— log. est. est. Tues. Mon.
May ... 66% 67% 66% 61% 67%
November .... 64% 64
December 62% 63% 63% 66% 62%-b3
. On Track—No. 1 hard, 66%c; No. 1 northern.
64%c; No. 2 northern, 61%c; November oats,
33%0; November corn, 16%c; Sax seed, |1.24%.
Curb on December wheat 63%-%
Puts on December wheat 62%
Calls on December wheat 63%
FLOUR.
FLOUR—The flour market is unchanged in
every respect. The wheat market is weak and
flour naturally sags in sympathy.
First patents 38.761.66
Second patents 1.561.76
.first clears 1.661.66
Second clears 2.3002.36
The market la very firm at the advance.
Following are the quotations In cotton sacks,
16 and 46 lba:
Rye flour, per bbl. pure $2.6602.76
Rye flour, per bbl, XXX 2.4602.66
Rye flour, per bbl. Standard 2.8002.16
In wood, 10c extra is charged.
BRAN, SHORTS AND COARSE GRAINS.
Washburn, Crosby A Co. quote as follows to*
SSi in bulk 11.00011.66
Shorts in bulk 11.00011.46
Middlings in bulk 12.00012.66
Red dog. in 140-lb sacks 14.00014.26
Feed In 200-lb sacks, SI.OO par ton additional;
In 100-lb sacks. 61.60. The market Is upward
In tendency.
Corn—No. 3 earn, 29%<5;'N0. 8 yellow, 30®
30%c.
Oats—No. 3 oats, 22%@22%c; No. 3 white, 22%
©22c.
Rye—No. 2 rye quoted at 47%c; no sales re
ported.
Barley ranges from [email protected] This shows a
declining tendency for feed but still strong for
good malting.
Feed—Reported by the Diamond Elevator and
Milling company:
Trade Is growing better and from now on
should increase gradually.
Coarse corn meal and cracked corn
In sacks, per ton, sacks extra, to
Jobbers only $13.25012.50
No. 1 ground feed, 2-3 corn, 1-3 oats,
80-lb sacks, sacks extra 12.75® 13.00
No. 2 ground feed, % corn, % oats,
7E-lb sacks, sacks extra 13.25®13.60
No. 8 ground feed, 2-3 oats, 75-lb
sacks, sacks extra [email protected]
STATE GRAIN INSPECTION.
Northern. No
Railroads. N0.1hd.N0.1.*N0.2.N0.3.Rej. Od.
Great Northern .... 7 57 101 67 10 37
C., M. & St. P 100 156 30 13 1J
M. & St. L 15 15 6 ~ 3
Soo Line 6 37 23 12 7 2
Northern Pacific .... 9 6 4 3 1
Cv, St. P., M. & 0.. .. 17 44 44 15 8
Total 13 235 348 163 48 68
Other Grains—Winter wheat, 4; No. 2 corn,
1; No. 3 corn, 14; No. 4 corn. 4; No. 3 oats,
47; no grade oats, 9; No. 2 rye, 2; No. 3 rye,
2; no grade rye, 1; No. 3 barley, 8; No. 4 barley,
32; No. 6 barley, 17; No. 1 flax, 100; rejected
flax, 36; no grade flax, 9.
Cars Inspected Out—Wheat—No. 1 hard, 21;
No. 1 northern, 26', No. 2 northern. 2; No. 3. 8;
rejected, 2; no grade, 4; No. 1 winter wheat,
6; No. 3 corn, 1; No. 3 oats. 28; No. 2 rye, 1;
No. 3 rye, 1; No. 3 barley, 4; No. 4 barley, 5;
No. 5 barley, 1.
WHEAT MOVEMENT.
Receipts. Shipments.
Philadelphia 5,066 45,196
Baltimore 9,533
Toledo 16,200 2,600
Detroit 6.090 25,000
St. Louis 12,000 16,000
Boston 95,982
Chicago 135,750 13,238
Milwaukee 85,400 25,200
Duluth 434,353 249.704
Minneapolis 214,840 138,580
Kansas City 21,000 54,600
THE WORLD'S VISIBLE GRAIN.
NEW YORK, Nov. 15.—Special communica
tions to Bradstreet’s show the following changes
in available supplies, as compared with the last
account: Wheat, United States and Canada, east
of the Rockies, increase, 1,928,000 bu. (Liver
pool Corn Trade News). Afloat for and in
Europe, increase. 6,000,000 bu; total supply in
crease, 6,928,000 bu.
•Corn United States and Canada, east of the
Rockies, decrease, 1,357,000 bu.
Oats, United States and Canada, east of the
Rockies, decrease. 610,000 bu.
Among the most important increases reported
not given In the official visible supply state
ment are those of 550,000 bu at Northwestern
Interior elevators; 156,000 bu at Milwaukee pri
vate elevators; 136,000 at Portland, Maine, 103,-
000 bu at Cleveland, and 50,000 bu at Minne
apolis private elevators.
The principal decreases are those of 610,000
bu at Chicago private elevators and 100,000 bu
at Manitoba storage points.
The aggregate stock of wheat held at Port
land, Ore., and Tacoma and Seattle, Wash.,
increased 136,000 bu last week.
SEED MARKETS.
CHICAGO, Nov. 15.—The market for flax was
stronger Tuesday. Receipts here were 43 cars.
Duluth 211) cars and Minneapolis 32 cars. The
official close as reported by the Weare Commis
sion company is as follows: Cash fla.; at 31.H',
November at $1.30, December at $1.29%, and May
at ?1.29% per bushel. Cash timothy seed closed
at $2.45 per 100 libs, and clover see i at $7.75
per 100 lbs. Minneapolis flax seed quoted at
$1.24% per bushel.
CHICAGO GRAIN.
CHICAGO, Nov. 15. —Wheat yesteiday was
weak early on lower cables and predictions of
a large Argentine crop, but steadied on buy
ing shorts and closed at an advance of %@%c.
Influenced by light country offerings and small
receipts, corn closed strong, unchanged to Vic
higher. Oats closed %@%c higher. Provisions
ruled weak and closed 2% @loc lower.
Reports of light domestic receipts were the
only items that bulls could confront the bearish
array of statistics with at the opening of the
wheat market and the initial figures, Decem
ber, 66%@66%e, May, 70%@70%c, showed a loss
from Monday’s close of %@%c. The chief factor
in the weakness was the prediction of Argen
tine crop authority that the prospects pointed
to a large Argentine crop. Harvesting of this
crop began last year Nov. 19, and the predic
tion evidently not much in advance of the be
ginning of harvesting, had immediate effect.
Liverpool, which had opened Arm, declined and
closed weak. The market here rallied after the
opening on covering by ahorts and buying
against puts, December touching 66%e and May
70%c. On profit-taking December eased off to
66%c and May to 70%c. An impression that
the continuous liquidation of the past few days
had resulted in an over-sold market was ap
parently verified when shorts in greater num
ber again sought cover. There ,was little wheat
to be had at the low mark and the price
steadied. December advanced to 67%c and May
to 71%0. December closed Vic over yesterday
at 67%c and May, %@%e. higher at 71%@71%c,
both options having eased oft a hit on profit
taking near the close.
There was an increase In the world's visible
of 7,000,000 almost double expectations. There
was a decrease in local stocks of 610,000 bu.
Primary receipts were 923,230 bu, against 1,900,000
bu last year. Minneapolis and Duluth reported
804 cars, compared with 963 last week and 2,039
the corresponding day last year. Receipts here
Were 91 cars, three of contract grade. Clear
ances were 336,000 bu. New York reported 32
boat loads taken for export. Advices from Ar
gentina were that, including wheat left over,
there would be between 90,000,000 and 100,000,000
bu for export next year.
Corn was weak early with wheat The open
ing was at a loss of %@!%c from Monday's
close, December, at 30%®31c, and May at 32*4®
32V4c. Monday's country acceptances were small
and local receipts 339 cars, considered light.
The estimate for Wednesday is small. The
early loss was more than recovered. There
was some selling of May by elevator people,
while shippers took December in moderate quan
tities. Primary receipts were 430,472. December
ranged from 30% o to 31V4c. closing %@*4c lower,
at 31%@31%c. May ranged from 32V4c to 32%@
32%c, and closed unchanged at 32%c. There was
little feature to the trade. Shorts did some
buying and the traders were inclined to pur
chase looking for a rally.
Oats followed In the wake of the other mar
kets. The spread between May and December
was narrowed to a difference of lV4c. Brad
streets gave a decrease in the world's visible
of *70,000 bu. Clearances were only 3.160 bu.
Receipts were 513 cars. The cash demand was
good and 250,000 bu were taken for shipment.
The range was only V4c. December sold from
22*4c to 22 %c, and closed V4c higher at 23%c.
May closed %c higher at 23V4c.
Provisions suffered from the depression of hog
prices and the weakness of the Liverpool mar
ket for American products. There was little
demand and the market was dull. The English
packers were the principal sellers. January pork
closed 7%c down, at $9.47%; January lard, 7%@
10c lower at $5.07Vj.®5.10, and January ribs at
2%@5c loss, at $4.90.
Estimated receipts Wednesday: Wheat, 53;
com, 180; oats, 100; hogs, 41,000 head.
The leading futures ranged as follows:
Open- High- Low- Clos
ing. est. est. ing.
Wheat, No. 2
December 66% .6784 -66% -67%
May 7084 -71V4 .70% .71%
Corn, No. 2
December 31 .31V4 -30% .31V4
May 32% .32% .32*4 -32%
Oats, No. 2
December 22*4 . 22% .22V4 -22V4
May 23% .23% .23% .23%
Mess Pork, per bbl —
December 8.05 8.07% 8.05 8.07'%
January 9.50 9.52% 9.45 9.47%
May 9.60 9.60 9.52% 9.57%
Lard, per 100 lbs —
December 4.95 4.95 4.87% 4.90
January 5.12% 5.15 5.07% 5.10
May 5.27% 5.27% 5.22% 5.25
Short Ribs, per 100 lbs—
December 4.82% 4.82% 4.77% 4.80
January 4.90 4.92% 4.90 4.90
Curb on December wheat 67V4. 67V4-%
Puts on December wheat 67. 66%-%
Calls on December wheat 67%, 67%
Puts on December corn 32% ■
Calls on December corn 32%
Cash quotations were as follows: Flour easy;
No. 3 spring wheat, [email protected]; No. 2 red, 67%c;
No. 2 corn. 31%®31%c; No. 2 yellow corn, 31%
@3l%c; No. 2 oats, [email protected]%c; No. 3 white, 24®
25%c; No. 2 rye, 52c; No. 2 barley. 36%®45c;
No. 1 flax seed $1.30, northwestern, $1.30; prime
timothy seed. $2.45®2.55: mess pork, per bbl,
$7.70®8.10; lard, per 100 lbs. $4.82%@5.02%; short
ribs sides (loose). $4.80®5.25; dry salted shoul
ders (boxed), 5%@6%c; short clear sides (boxed),
[email protected]; whisky, distillers' finished goods, per
gal, $1.23%; clover, contract grade, [email protected]
R*x4Pt»-FkM»r, 3*666 bWa: wtwat. 18*666 feu;
004 m. tw.666 feu; oats, 1,666 bu; ryq, 14,006 tat
Shipment*—Flour. 16,666 bMa; whaut, 13,006 bu:
corn, 36*666 bu; autg, 61*1 bu; ry* 6,006 kfl;
barley. 17,1 bu.
Ou tha produce exchange yeetorday tbs butter
market waa Arm; craamartea, ls®M%c; dairies,
14681 c. Chews easy at 11%®13%c. Eggs firm;
DULUTH GRAIN.
DULUTH. Nov. 15.—Market dull and firmer
yeeterday; December opened %c off at 64%c. aold
up to 64%c In three minutes, off to 64%0 at
6:40, up to 6Sc at 11:40, and cloaed %c up at
66c. Cash—Bso,66o bu at lc over December. Cash
Sales—No. 1 hard, 6 cars, 66%@66%c; 15,1 bu,
66%c; 80.1 bu, 66c; No. 1 northern. 14,1 bu,
66%c; *1 bu, 66%c; 18.1 bu. 66%c; 10,1 bu.
66%e; No. 8 northern, 8 cars. 63%064c; No. 3
spring, 102,1 bu, 60®68%c; rejected, 1 car. 57%c;
rye, 500 bu. 46c: barley, 2 cars. MOS7c; flax,
80,1 bu. 11.84%e1.26; No. 1 hard cash. 67c; to
arrive, 67e; No. 1 northern cash, 1; to arrive,
66c; December. 66c; May, 69c; No. 3 northern,
63%c; No. 8 spring. 66%c; oats, 88%®88%c; rye,
48c; barley, 83®Mc; flax, 31.34%; November,
11-34%; December, 3188%; May. 11.26%; corn,
86c. Car Inspection—Wheat, 648 cars; corn, 9;
oats, 66; rye, IS; barley, 61; flax. 319. Receipts
—Wheat. 484.853 bu; corn. *786 bu; oats. 31.676
bu; rye, 2,411 bu; barley, 61,173 bu; flax, 16*068
bu. Shlpmenta—Whsat, 146,764 bu; corn, 1,155
bu; flax, 144,1 bu.
MILWAUKEE GRAIN.
MILWAUKEE, Nov. 15. Flour 10c lower yes
terday. Wheat steady; No. 1 northern. 66%@67c;
No. 2 northern, 64®64%c. Rye dull; No. 1,64 c.
Barley dull; No. 2, 44%c; sample, 35®44c. Oats
steady. [email protected]%0.
LIVERPOOL GRAIN.
LIVERPOOL, Nov. 15.—Wheat closed steady
yesterday, %@%d lower; December. 5s B%d:
March, 5s 9%d; May, 5s 10%d. Corn closed
steady, %@%d lower; December, 3s 5%d; May,
3s 5%d.
4 p. m.—Closing: Wheat, spot No. 2 red winter
dull, 3s 9d; No. 1 northern spring dull, 6s lid.
Futures steady; December, 5s %d; March, 5s
9%d; May. 5s 10%d. Corn, spot American mixed
steady new, 3s 4%d; do old, 3s %d. Futures
Steady; December, 3s s'Ad. Flour, St. Louis
fancy winter easy, 7s 9d. Receipts wheat during
the past three days 883.000 centals. Including 151.-
1 American; do corn 211,1 centals. Weather
fine.
LIVE STOCK.
ST. PAUL LIVE STOCK.
SOUTH ST. PAUL, Nov. 15.—Receipts Tues
day: 3,500 hogs, 700 calves, 700 sheep, 2,500
cattle-
Hogs—Market weak to 5c lower than Monday;
quality fair to good. Sales:
No. Av. Price.
5 hogs 106 • $3.66
34 hogs 312 3.82%
86 hogs 186 3.87%
96 hogs .195 3.90
47 hogs 194 3.85
31 hogs 186 3.87%
4 hogs 185 3.85
Cattle • Fat cattle are scarce, and In good
strong demand; good Stockers and feeders steady,,
common dragging; more common than good
cattle on the market. Sales:
No. Av. Price.
28 Stockers 980 31-30
8 Stockers 763 3.90
32 Stockers 659 3.80
17 Stockers 294 4.40
26 Stockers 619 3.65
28 stockers 908 4.00
19 stockers 250 4.25
2 stockers 250 4.50
2 -bulls 685 ' 3.00
2 bulls 680 3.00
1 bull 620 3-75
1 steer '.. ,1,4i0 4.56
6 cows 884 2.60
9 cows 880 3.35
2 cows 1,010 2.45
4 cows • 967 2.70
6 cows 920 2.55
2 cows 1,050 3.25
11 heifers 460 3.10
1 heifer 740 2.85
2 calves 140 5.75
2 calves 270 5.50
Sheep—Good sheep and lambs are steady; com
mon dull. Sales:
No. Av. Price.
10 sheep 118 $3.60
5 sheep 104 3.25
17 stock lambs 61 4.00
22 lambs 77 4.75
6 lambs 70 4.65
5 buck lambs 56 3.00
159 culls 86 2.15
SIOUX CIT\ LIVE STOCK.
SIOUX CITY, lowa, Nov. 15.—Cattle, re
ceipts yesterday 1,200; shipments 898; market
about steady. Sales:
No. Av. Price.
2 cows 1,070 $2.35
10 cows 1,000 3.60
65 stock heifers 460 3.40
35 stock heifers 361 3.65
2 bulls 1,300 2.75
2 bulls 770 3.00
2 bulls 660 3.25
11 stockers and feeders 923 3.50
22 stockers and feeders 707 4.15
13 calves 296 4.50
13 calves 250 4.70
10 yearlings 610 3.50
10 yearlings 695 4.00
Hogs—Receipts, 3,300; Monday, 1,032; market
5010 c lower, selling $3.8903.90; bulk of sales,
$3.8003.85.
CHICAGO LIVE STOCK.
CHICAGO, Nov. 15.—Cattle, firm yeeterday,
demand for best; others weak to shade lower.
Butchers' stock active; canjiers firm; Western
steady. Fancy steers quotable, 56.2506.65; good
to choice, $5.5006.25; poor to medium, $4.40®
5.50; mixed stockers, $303.50; selected feeders.
$4.2004.65; good to choice cows, $3.5004.85;
heifers, $3.5005.25; canners, $1.8503.50; bulls.
$2.50®4.25; calves, $407.25; fed Texas beeves,
$4.5005.50; grass Texas steers, $3.6504.25; West
ern range beeves, $405.25.
Hogs, generally 5c lower than Monday’s av
erage; prices, top, $4.20. Mixed and butchers,
$3.9004.20; good to choice. heavy, $404.17%;
rough heavy, $3.8004; light, [email protected]; bulk of
sftlss io.
Sheep, best sheep and lambs, steady; others
shade lower. Native wethers, $3.75<3>4.65; lambs,
$405.30; Western wethers, $404.55; Western
lambs, $4.7505.25.
Receipts, cattle. 6,000, including 1,500 Western
rangers; hogs, 38,000; sheep, 16,000.
OMAHA LIVE STOCK.
SO. OMAHA, Nov. 15.—Cattle, receipts yester
day 4,800; steady, lower; native steers, $4.75®6;
western steers, [email protected]; Texas steers, $3.65®
4.35; cows and heifers, [email protected]; Stockers and
feeders, $3.5004.60. Hogs—Receipts, 11,000;
shade lower; heavy, [email protected]; mixed and light,
[email protected]; pigs, [email protected]; bulk of sales, 53 90®
3.92%. Sheep—Receipts, 2,000; steady; muttons,
[email protected]; lambs, $4®5.50.
KANSAS CITY LIVE STOCK.
KANSAS CITY, Nov. 15.—Cattle, receipts yes
terday 18,000; steady, weaker; native steers. s4®
5.90; Texas steers, [email protected]; cows and heifers,
[email protected]; Stockers and feeders, [email protected] Hogs, re
ceipts, 17,000; steady to shade lower; bulk of
sales, $3.92%@4; heavy, [email protected]%; mixed, $3.90
@3.97%; light. [email protected]; pigs, [email protected] Sheep
—Receipts, 4,000; steady; lambs, [email protected];
muttons, [email protected]
ST. LOUIS LIVE STOCK.
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 15.—Cattle, receipts yesterday
3,000; steady, slow, lower; native steers, $3.65
@3.50; stockers and feeders, [email protected]; cows and
heifers, $4.75; Texas and Indian steers, $3.45®
6.50. Hogs—Receipts. S,000; market 5c lower;
pigs and lights and packers. [email protected]; butch
ers, $4.05 @4.10. Sheep—Receipts, 2,800; steady;
muttons, [email protected]; lambs, [email protected]
PRODUCE. |
Revised and corrected up to noon, Nov. 14.
BUTTER, EGGS AND CHEESE.
BUTTER—The butter market is strong. There
is no doubt about that. There is, however,
a lull in the demand at the top.
EGGS—The egg market Is stronger because
of a good demand for fresh. [email protected]%c per dozen
is freely paid for choice.
CHEESE—The market on cheese is steady,
with a fair trade. Receipts are holding out
pretty well, though the make is falling off
somewhat. Trade is principally local.
BUTTER—Today s quotations are as follows:
Creameries —
Extras 24%@25
Firsts 22 @24
Seconds - 20 @22
Imitations, firsts 20 @2l
Imitations, seconds 17 @lB
Dairies—
Extras 22 @24
Firsts 20 @22
Seconds 18 @2O
Ladles—
Firsts 16 @l7
Seconds 14 @l6
Packing Stock—
Roll butter 14 @l6
Fresh, sweet 14 @14%
EGGS—Today’s quotations are as follows:
Strictly fresh, loss off, cases In
eluded I*%@lß
Dirties and small, per dozen U @l*
Cracks and checks, per dozen @l*
Held, fresh 16 @l6
Cooler stock 14 @ls
CHEESE—Today’s quotations are as follows:
Full Cream—
Twins or flats, fancy, new
Twins or flats, choice 11 @|*
Twins or flats, fair to good » @l*
Swiss Cheese—
No. 1 13%@14
No. 2 U f M
Brick— .
No. 1 .. I* @l*%
No. 2 10 @H
No. 3 6 @ 8
Llmburger—
No. 1 .7 »%@l2
No. 2 9 @lO
Primost— , „
No. 1 [email protected]%
no. 2 3 @3%
Young Americas—
Fancy 12%@13
Choice 11 @l*
MEATS, POULTRY AND GAME.
Receipts of poultry are heavy on all lines,
and buying Is fairly good from general sources.
The market is well stocked up. and some Push
ing Is necessary in order to clean up.
keys, ducks and geese are coming freely. The
demand Is fair. The market on dressed meats
Is steady. A moderate amount of veal Is com
ing with no active demand. Everything cleans
up. however, though not In a lively manner.
Mutton is quiet with not many coming. Game
Is coming rather freely, and selling fairly well.
The stock is In good condition.
POULTRY—Today's quotations are as follows^
Turkeys, mixed coops 7 ©7%
Turkeys, thin, small or poor o @ •
Chickens, hens » @5%
Roosters, old @ *
Springs, per lb @
Ducks, white C •
Ducks, colored @ »
DRESSED quotations are as
. follows:
vS 'S3 **“*•• •" ••••••••; r*«!»
Vrl, «Kt 111 Of ovarwtight 6 f
saarittSM**..::;;;.! r*
tttfyrfcz: ! it
GAME—Today's quotations are aa folios ,i

Redhead ducks. No. L do sen < 6.69
i:8
Groan wing teal, dosan i 1.66
Common duck, largo, dosen 1.69 4.69
Common duck, small, dosen 1.16 1.60
Geese, aa to also, dosen 7.061 4.00
Brant, aa to ala*, dosen 1.6004.00
Jacksntpe. dosen | 11.69
Golden plever, per dosen I 1.60
large yellow lags, dosen < 1.00
Sandsnipe. dos 16 \ 66
Woodcock, loam 3.6004.06
MISCELLANEOUS QUOTATIONS.
The receipts of potatoes show a falling off
from what It was a few days ago. The market
holds about steady.
POTATOES—Today's quotations are as follows:
Good to fancy, car lota 16 016
SWEET POTATOES—Today's quotations are
as follows:
Jerseys, barrel $3,691.16
VEGETABLES—Today's quotations are as fol
lows:
Beets, bu 35 036
Carrots, bu ini
Celery, dosen 020
Cauliflower, dosen 1.0001.60
Egg plant, dos 60 076
Lettuce, dosen 030
Onions 36 045
Parsley, dale's 015
Tomatoes, bu. 1.2501.50
Watercress, dozen 030
Squash, Hubbard, dosen 38 040
Rutabagas, bu 36 ®36
CABBAGE: —Today's quotations are as follows:
Homegrown, crates large sl.lo® 1.25
Cabbage, per ton 10.00® 12.00
BEANS—Today's quotations are as follows:
Fancy navy, hand-picked, bu $1.05®1.75
Medium, handpicked, bu 1.6001.60
Medium, fair, bu 1.0001.40
Medium, dirty, mixed, bu 50® 75
Brown beans, fancy, bu 01.75
Brown beans, fair to good, bu 1.2001.36
HONEY—Today's quotations are as follows:
New white, 1-lb section 15 ®is
Choice white, 1-lb section 14 015
Amber 8 016
Golden Rod .-. @9
Buckwheat 7 ® I
Extract, white 8 0 9
Extract, amber 7 @8
FRUIT MARKET.
The apple market is showing firmer condi
tions. Much of the poor ordinary stock has
been cleaned up, giving the market a chance to
recuperate. A large amount of stock Is being
sold, and business Is resting on a more satis
factory basis. The demand Is for local con
sumption.
Fruits from the west coast are not much in
evidence. Late grapes, comprising the Malagas
and Emperors are about all there is on the
market, and a good demand exists on these.
New York fruits consist of grapes exclusively.
Concords and Catawbas being the principal
lines. These sell well and Concords will bring
18c a basket If fine. Much of the stock com
ing, however, Is soft wine stock used only for
grapes.
APPLES—Today’s quotations are as follows:
Fancy New Yorks [email protected]
Fancy Michigan 2.7503.00
Fancy Southern 2.50®2.75
Common 2.0002.25
NOTE—Car lot prices per bbl, 25 cents less,
ORANGES—Today’s quotations are as follows:
Mexicans, fancy [email protected]
LEMONS—Today's quotations are as follows;
Messinas, 300 s to 3605, fancy $4.2504.50
Messlnas, 300 s to 3605, choice $.7504.2:>
California, fancy, as to size 4.0004.25
California, choice, as to size 3.5003.75
Verdellls. fancy, 300 s to 360 s 4.2504.50
BANANAS—Today's quotations are as follows:
Fancy, large bunches $2.0002.25
Medium, bunches 1.2301.09
Small, bunches 7501.00
GRAPES—Today’s quotations are as follows:
Concords, fancy @l7
Catawbas, 5-lb baskets @l4
Catawbas, 10-lb baskets @23
Soft wine stock 8 @lO
WEST COAST FRUlTS—Today's quotations
are as follows:
Emperor grapes @1.33
Malagas, keg $5.0008.00
CRANBERRIES—Today's quotations are as
follows:
Cape Cod, bbl $5.2505.50
Wisconsin and Minnesota, bu 1.5001.60
; MISCELLANEOUS. j
MINNEAPOLIS HIDE MARKET.
MINNEAPOLIS, Oct. 12.—Reported by th*
Northwestern Hide & Fur Co.:
No. 1. No. 2.
Green salted cow and steer hides,
all weights 10 .09
Green salted bulls, stags and oxen .08% .07%
Green salted long-haired kips, or
runners 10% .08%
Green salted veal kip, 15 to 25
pounds 10% -09
Green salted veal calf, 8 to 15 lbs... .11% .10
salted deacon skins, under 8
pounds each 45 .35
Green hides, kip and calf, lc per lb less
than green salted.
Other grades in proportion.
DRY HIDES.
Minnesota. Dakotas, lowa and Wisconsin—
No. 1. No. 2.
Dry flint cows and steers 12% .11
Dry flint bulls 10% .09
WOOL.
Minnesota and Dakotas, as to qual
ity 15 @ .16
Pelts, large, each 60 0 .70
Pelts, medium, each 40 @ .50
Pelts, small, each 25 0 .40
Shearlings, each 10 0 .15
Tallow, in cakes .04%
Tallow, in barrels .04%
ROOTS.
Ginseng, dry $4.7505.00
Seneca .350 .37
NEW YORK BUTTER AND EGGS.
NEW YORK, Nov. 15.—Butter, receipts yester
day 8,376 pkgs; market strong; western creamery,
[email protected]; June creamery, [email protected]; factory, [email protected]
Cheese—Receipts, 7,060 packages; quiet; small
September colored, 12%@12%e; finest October.
[email protected]%c; large colored fancy September, 12*4
@l2%c; large October finest, ll%c. Eggs—Re
ceipts, 9,131 packages; strong; western un
changed at mark, [email protected] Sugar—Raw steady;
fair refining, 3 13-16 c; centrifugal 96 test, 4%c;
molasses sugar, 3 9-16 c. Refined steady. Coffee
steady; No. 7, 6%c.
CHICAGO PORK.
CHICAGO, Nov. 15.—The pork market was
weak. The trading was very slow. "The out
look Is bad," so said a trader. We do not be
lieve him. The following was the range of
prices on pork:
January— Opening, $9.50; highest, $9.50®9.52%.
lowest, $9.45; closing Tuesday. closing
Monday, $9.55.
May—Opening, $9.60; highest, $9.60; lowest,
$9.52%; closing Tuesday, $9.57%; closing Mon
day, $9.65.
December— Opening. $8.05; highest, $8.07%; low
est. $8.05: closing Tuesday, $8.07%; closing Mon
day, $8.12%.
MIDWAY HORSE MARKET.
MINNESOTA TRANSFER, Nov. 15.—Barrett
& Zimmerman's report: Heavy offerings were
ample to fill all demands. Prices proved fluc
tuating and unevenly lower than recent quota
tions. Dealers predict a large outlet of logging
horses this week, as a large shortage of log
ging horses is reported In the northern lum
bering districts and the time draws near when
the horses will be needed. There Is a general
complaint among shippers that the wholesalu
market prices are below the first cost of horses
In the country, and that higher prices will have
to be paid on the market. If not, horses will
he excluded from the sale. Quotations:
Drafters, choice [email protected]
Drafters, common to good 80® Hi
Farm horses, choice [email protected]
Farm horses, common to good 50® 86
MINNEAPOLIS HAY MARKET.
MINNEAPOLIS. Nov. 15.—The hay market Is
very firm. Good demand.
Upland, choice [email protected]
Upland, No. 1 7-00
Upland, No. 2 *-56
Midland [email protected]*
Medium [email protected]?“6
Low grades [email protected]
Timothy, choice 9.0009.50
Timothy. No. 1 [email protected]
Timothy, No. 2 [email protected])
Rye straw, choice 4.5005.06
COFFEE AND SUGAR MARKETS.
NEW YORK, Nov. 15.—Coffee, options opened
steady yesterday with prices [email protected] points lower
in sympathy with weak European markets and
under large Brazilian receipts. Europe zold
freely around the opening, but later turned
buyer as the local trade showed no desire to
follow up the break. By mid-day a portion of
the decline had been wiped out by active cover
ing Trading was brisk most of the day. The
market dozed steady; November. 15 points low
er other months unchanged to 10 points lower:
sales Included December, $6.2005. 25 ; J anua ry.
$f>[email protected]; July, $6.60; September, $5.7606.80;
October [email protected] Spot coffee, Rio quiet and
nominal: No 7 Invoice, «%c; No. 7 Jobbing, 6%c.
Mild quiet; Cordova, 6%@11%c. Sugar, raw
irregular’ buyers and sellers apart; fair refining.
3 13-16; centrifugal, 96 test, 4%c; molasses sugar.
3 9-16 c. Refined quiet.
METAL MARKETS. . ,
NEW YORK, Nor., 15.—The weakness of the
Daet week or more In the metal markets of
this country and abroad was Increased ma
terially yesterday. Tin was notably depressed,
closing at the lowest level in months. Cabls
and telegraphic news was adverse to the mar
ket. leading to liberal offerings at lower quota
tions and conservatism on the part of buyers,
at the close the metal exchange called pig Iron
warrants* 0 easy! 6 with March and April rated
$15.50015.75; lake copper dull at sl7, tin easy,
with $26.50 bid and $26.70 asked; lead qnlet, with
14 enc -bid and $4.62% asked. Spelter dull, with
$4 65 told and $4 75 asked. The brokers' price
for lead Is $4.40 and for copper sl7.
Fruit ** Disinfectants.
A plea for the use of fruits in abundance
comes from a trained nurse, who says that
all fruit Juices are disinfectants and germ
cides In traveling, when It Is impossible
to get boiled or filtered water, the Juice of a
lemon will do quite at well. Squeeze a lit
tle into a glass of Water, let it stand for*
few moments and the water will he tnor
oughly disinfected.— Philadelphia Publio
Ledger.
An Expert nt It.
"My dear sir," said the Rev. Mr. Goodman,
"it grieves me to see you in this condlt-on. Msy
I not persuade you to follow the stra.g.i an#
n *‘Bhay, P oie l man, you can't give me
on shtratt n' narrow
walker, thash wha’ I am. —Chicago *m.«s»
Herald.

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