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m m mK ''-m t ? M . mm m . m B ‘ m M km advocate of Jeffersonian Democracy Bf •• And the Lord Said onto Moses, •• Wherefore cries! Thoo auto Me? # » ..*«. « .u *._n an Lincoln Republicanism. K Speak unto the Children of Israel that they aaay go forward.*’—g*od. o, xrr, ▼, IR. £ e com«ption:-d2SitUm“ta.t. 3 -j; • VOL. VIII. NO. 20. NO. 387. MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. PAUL'. MlNlf. THURSDAY. SKPTEM,’|V 27, 1900. REAL ENEMIES MOT THE OPERATORS.' BIT THE RAILROADS, SAYS PRESI DENT MITCHELL. STRIKE LEADER VIEWS INDEPEND- ENT MINE OWNERS AS FEL- LOW MARTYRS. HAZLETON, Pa., Sept. 22.—President Mitchell last night issued the follow ing: Open Letter to the Public i “Hazleton, Pa., Sept. 21. —Fully con- Bcious of the vast public interests in volved by the great contest now being waged between organized capital and under-paid labor, and as much has been said and written upon the subject of arbitration in the present anthracite coal strike, as president of the United Mine Workers of America, I am impelled to define my own attitude and the atti tude of my official striking mine work ers toward the coal operators, in a way so clear and definite as to leave no fur ther misunderstanding. "The striking miners recognize as their real opponents in this struggle for a slight amelioration of the hard, grind ing condition of the miner’s life, nine railroads, which with their presidents, are: Pennsylvania Railroad company, Alexander J. Cassall, president; Le high Valley Railroad system, Fred Wal ters, president; Delaware & Hudson railroad, R. M. Oliphant, president; Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Rail load company, W. H. Truesdale, presi dent; Central Railroad company of New Jersey, J. H. Maxwell, president; Phil adelphia & Reading Railway company, Joseph H. Harris, president; Erie rail road and New York, Susquehanna & Western railroad, F. B. Thomas presi dent; Delaware, Susquehanna & Schuyl kill Railroad company, Irving Sterns, president; New York, Ontario & West ern railway, Thomas B. Fowler, presi dent. THE SOLE CARRIERS. “These nine railroad corporations, be sides producing approximately 72 per cent of the hard coal, are the sole car riers to tidewater of all coal mined in the anthracite field of Pennsylvania, and for this service of carriage a charge of from 40 to 68 per cent per ton, according to the size of the coal, is made. “Increditable as it may appear, they charge three times as much to carry a tem of anthracite coal 100 miles as is charged to carry a bituminous ton of coal the same distance. “So exorbitant are the rates that the legitimate profits which should be credited to the mining departments of these railroads are absorbed by freigat rates and as a consequence their coai properties are made to show a very small profit on their capitalization. “If this is the state of affairs with the railway mining departments, what is the condition of the independent opera tors? Is it not a matter of reason that he can do nothing which his railway master will not commend?, Is it not a matter of public notoriety that he docs do nothing thav, the railways do not sanction? RAILROADS REAL ENEMIES. “Therefore, whether on* uot individual operators see in the railroad monopolies their great enemies, whether or not the individual operators feel themselves fr-±e to make common cause against these railroad systems. In speaking for the 130,000 mine workers, this day on strike, recognize these railroads as our real enemies, and name their presidents as the men responsible for the refusal to arbitrate or even confer upon the differ ences which have grown up, between them and the organization I represent, but between them and their own employes, who through delegates select ed by themselves, met in convention in the city of Hazleton on Aug. 13, and framed a list of grievances which were mailed to the general superintendents of the mining departments of these rail roads, accompanied by an invitation to meet in Joint convention on Aug. 27 for the purpose of discussing, and, if ' possible, agreeing upon such changes in the scale of mining and conditions of employment as were warranted by the conditions of the coal industry. But to our chagrin and disappointment, the cordial invitation extended was not even acknowledged by those in charge of the coal departments. GROUND FOR STRIKE. “These grievances, which the miners recited in their circular, formed the . ground for the present strike, arid be cause the railroads are the real masters, against whom we are making this peace ful, passive struggle, we can only regard such independent operators as G. B. Markle & Co. in the light of fellow vic tims with ourselves, suffering under ex cessive freight rates as we suffer from : low wages and inhuman conditions of employment, and we should regard ar . bitratlon as absolutely calculated to ad i vance the cause of the great body of j anthracite workers, but on the contrary : to bring their certain defeat, for even were the board of arbitration In, say, . Markle case, to award all that the up to by Markle only so long as the strike continued elsewhere. “Every pound of coal that Markle would be permitted to mine and ship would invariably be appropriated by the Lehigh Valley Railroad company, thus placing in their own hands the weapon which would defeat the very object for which their own employes are on strike, and because of the mine work ers of the anthracite field having their wages based upon a sliding scale, the earnings of the Markle men would necessarily be reduced were the strike to prove a failure at other points in the anthracite region. FOR BRIEF TIME ONLY. “Wages fixed on a sliding scale basis would only remain high while there was a scarcity of coal on the New York and Eastern seaboard markets and would immediately fall when more coal was being transported to these markets than could be consumed. It is an absurdity, from a business point of view, to even assume that Markle or any other indi vidual operator could continue to pay a higher rate of wages than his com petitors, the railroad companies, for any considerable length of time, and, In fact, it is well known within the mining regions that the individual operators, including Markle, impose conditions of employment upon their men which in some instances are more objectionable than those imposed even by the large corporations. “For these reasons I hold it would be a fatal mistake for us to consent to any partial settlement of this strike, or to agree to other than a general resump tion of work. “This is a fight of all for each and each for all, and to be successful there must be no break in our line of action. It ought to go without saying at this late date that I am a staunch advocate of the principle of arbitration, and did I not personally favor these principles the laws of the organization of which I am president make arbitration one of its cardinal issues. ARBITRATION UNNECESSARY. “I will go further, and say that arbi tration in civilized lands would be un necessary if miners and mine owners were to adopt the same system of adjust ing wage disputes as is in force in the bituminous coal districts of Pennsyl vania, and also in all other coal pro ducing states in America, where mine operators and mine workers meet an nually in join convention and reach an amicable settlement in all questions governing the wages and conditions of employment. “In Indianapolis last January 250 op erators and 750 miners’ delegates, repre senting an annual output of 70,000,000 tons bituminous coal in Western Penn sylvania and Illinois, met in a confer ence and mutually agreed that the min ers’ earnings should advance 22 20-100 per cent. “As a result of this conference and other similar ones in the states west of the Mississippi river and south of the Ohio river, 120,000 mine workers receive an advance - in their earnings aggregat ing $12,000,000 in one full year, at the end of which they will again meet in joint conference to renew the contract and make such changes in the wages paid as are Justified and warranted by the cost of production and the values of the coal in the markets. "This, in my opinion, is the ideal method of averting strikes and turmoils and securing for labor and capital that share of the profits of their joint in dustry to which each Is properly entitl ed. But because I am aware that there Is serious, if misguided, repugnance on the part of the railroad carriers in the anthracite field to recognize our organ ization or its officers, the mine workers’ organization whose chief officer I have the honor to be, yielding with all the natural pride of having it treated with in this difficulty, repeat what I have publicly and privately stated before, that I and my official colleagues will not ask to be recognized or consulted by the mine owners if the officers or represent atives of these great railroad companies will do what they have many times said they would do, meet committees of their own employes and come to a peaceful agreement. Provided, however, that such conference between the various companies and committees representing their own employes will meet in sep arate halls in the same city on the same date. ARGUMENT OF OPERATORS. “This provision is inserted because heretofore, when committees presented grievances to any of these great com panies they were invariably met with the argument that the company could not remedy the wrongs complained of because competing companies enforced conditions of employment not more fav orable to the mine workers than to their own. By holding these separate confer ences simultaneously in one city there could be an exchange of opinion be tween all of the mine owners and miners whose interests were at stake, thus re moving the possibility of one company being placed at a disadvantage by pay ing more for labor than their competi tors. —— “Were they to act upon this idea I ftrm- — - . . ■ ■ cd a- ■ “SWAPPING HORSES” IN THE MIDST OF THE STRF V / '•< '. I I % \ 3 • JjpfJ^ 11 <JjShM ■ yyP^M^^^St o K^AhtMTirust 1 iHfe , *A Bryan—This old tub 1* evidently groins down, and 1 mart «»> that (lee) trunt float look* rather uncertain. —Courtesy Minneapolis Journal panies could finally arrive at an agree ment with their employes and establish a relation and set up*a~precedent whlcfi would make strikes almost Impossible In the future. “Such action on the part of the nine great railroads would, of course, de prive the United Mine Workers of much of the credit to which we believe it to be justly entitled, but we place far above consideration of individual or organiza tion the question of what shall be for the good of all anthracite workers, their wives arid their children in this supreme crisis. “These are my sincere expressions and I appeal to an impartial and just pub lic to judge between us and these mine railroad presidents, if they shall refuse to meet in a spirit of fairness this pro posal of a man whose chief object is lo help lighten the weary burden of a THE POLITICAL SHYLOCK. ■ewmre, ftyste) Skyloek will rarely d rawed kb f*ni of fle»k. v-' , - —CkoHoptr MtanoaoAlis Joun struggling, earnest mass of humanity. "JOHN MITCHELL, “President United Mine Workers of America.” How to SoyjjL School Children, In the October Ladies’ Home Journal Edward Bok takes up the cudgel again against the cramming methods inflicted on school children, and urges as a step towards reform of the abuse "that every parent who has a child at school will send a note to the teacher that, under no circumstances whatever, will the father and mother permit any home study by the child. “This may sessn to be a very simple thing to do,” he contends, “but often the simplest things are the most effective. If the teachers of this country should, within the next month, receive thous ands of notes from parents to the effect pointed out, which they could —and I can speak for hundreds of teachers when 1 say that they would gladly do so— hand to the heads of their schools, it would practically mean a readjustment of the entire system of study. This may be better understood when it la realized that the entire system of study during school hours in many of the schools is so arranged as to allow for some of the work to be done by the pupils at home. Let this taken-for granted home study be stopped and a change would at once have to be made. The studies at school cannot be increas ed in number, for already there are too many. The school hours cannot be lengthened because the tide has set in to shorten them. Hence some studies would have to be thrown out, if home study was eliminated. And this is the result desired.” tt 1 VTV To Former* ot WholesaS i B ■ I|%#■ m M ■ m m M Price*. We do not belong * ■ 111 WM I to the combine and will sell rfijraasrw • CARL, L. STEWART LUMBER CO. (739 First * treat North. MlmspyUs, MUm. | Hmencan Cent & Hwrring Cal jj G. M. RAWII ZER, Manager. | J Fjjp. | S TAINTS FOR FiEINT w«M**p*H* f Mk*. jj AIINESS HAD NO WEAPONS RIOTING AT SHENANDOAH WAS ALL DONE BY SHERIFFS AND POLICE. Not a Member of Either of These Bod ies Was Injured—lntimation It Was a Put Up Job to Get the Militia Out. HAZLETON, Pa., Sept. 22.—A little investigation reveals that the Shenan doah rioting was nearly all if not all done by the deputy sheriffs and officers of the coal and iron police. The first reports were that a terrible struggle had taken place. It was vividly told how the poor officers after a desperate fight, barely escaped with their lives. The managers of the strike here in Hazleton have been very earnest in their efforts to prevent rioting. They know, as do all others acquainted with the situation here, that violence will operate against the strikers. The strike leaders accepted the news of the rioting at Shenandoah as nothing short of a disaster. They suggested that possibly the «trikers had little to do with the riot An impartial investigation at Shenan doah seems to bear out the truth of this intimation. Not a deputy sheriff was injured, and the same is true of the members of the coal and iron police. The strikers and their friends were shot down and their friends were in jured, but the peace officers all escaped unhurt. The fight was all on one side. No officer’s clothing was even torn. The officers were not pursued from the scene of the fight to the hotel. One of the men who was wounded, said this afternoon that the whole trouble was started by the coal and iron police. Sev eral of these officers were standing near the Lehigh Valley railroad sta tion when some miners came along un der escort. They stopped and engaged in arguments with their friends. This exchange of language was bolstrous, but there was no violence. Suddenly the officers of the Coal and Iron police rushed into the crowd and began forcing the fighting. At the same time someone telegraphed to the Ferguson hotel, where the deputy sheriffs were waiting, saying that trouble was beginning. They came on the run—the distance Is only a few blocks —and they and the Coal and Iron officers began firing. It cannot be demonstrated that the strikers fired a shot. Few of them are armed. They carry no rifles and it is a matter of police record that few of them have revolvers. Business men who saw the affair from their stores could not be made to admit that they saw a single striker fire a shot, although I tried hard to find one disinterested witness who could corro borate this claim of the officers. And yet, the business element of the town is in sympathy with the operators. The commercial desire is to have the mines resume operations on any basis. Some of them say the miners fought terribly, yet their evidence w-hen sifted shows the strikers did not do much beyond getting away. There were a good many of them and if they fought like tigers it would be natural for them to do some damage. They did none. The bullet holes in the buildings arc all back of where, the strikers were, and came from the direction where the of ficers were standing. It all locks very much like a put up job on the part of the mining railroads to get troops out. It is part of the plan of the operators to begin trying to break the strike Mon day by resuming work iu the mines of that county. Thi3 cannot be accom plished except by the aid of soldiers. There is only one way to get out the soldiers. That is by having riots. The riots happened Just in time to bring the soldiers out for Monday. General Gorbin In command, says that every man who wants to work will be protected and that the protection will extend over the entire district and con tinue until it is unnecessary, even though every soldier of the Penn fyteaalA state militia, is kept oat for a SI.OO A Year In Advance. year. The soldiers will certainly be a great aid to the operators. It is reported at strike headquarters that one of the next places to be occu pied by the soldiers is McAdoo, half a dozen miles from Hazleton, but in Schuylkill county. The soldiers could be stationed here without further or ders from the governor. The strikers are very strong here and the operators want to break their organization. If it was only necessary to preserve peace in Shenandoah, a thousand or less troops would have been sufficient. The calling of 5,000 troops means that that city is to be used as a base of oper ations for a large territory. OTTO CARMICHAEL. NO CAUSE FOR SHOOTING PRESIDENT MITOHBLL SAYS USE OP FIREARMS WAS UNCALLED FOR. Censure* the Governor for Calling- Oat the Militia—Report* From the Mine* Show That All It Quiet. HAZLETON, Pa., Sept. 22.—A1l J» quiet and orderly in this region tonight. President Mitchell, of the United Min* Workers of America, tonight issued a statement giving his views qji the call ing out of the troops at Shenandoah and the killing of a member of a mob by the deputies at Shenandoah yesterday. The statement is as follows: ‘‘From information I have received from those who have investigated tha situation, it appears that the shooting on the part of the sheriff and his depu ties was entirely uncalled for, inasmuch as the strikers had not injured a single member of the sheriff’s posse, and the circumstances forcibly illustrate tha ruthless disregard the sheriff and his deputies have for the lives of persons whom it was their place to put under arrest, if they had violated any of the laws of the state of Pennsylvania. ‘‘The governor, in calling out the state troops has, in my judgment, acted in considerately and without a thorough investigation. I am confident that the. miners who are on strike are fully im pressed with the necessity of observing the law and conducting themselves in a peaceful manner at all times.” Father Phillips, of St. Gabriel’s Cath edral, who has worked diligently for arbitration as a means of settling the strike, tonight issued a statement in which he comes out flatly on the side of the strikers. He said: “If the executive officials of the big coal carrying companies have been cor rectly quoted by today’s papers, arbi tration is no longer a means to the end desired by the general public, namely, a discontinuance of the conflict between labor and capital. There is now no al ternative but a fight to the finish be tween organized labor and organized capital. Honest efforts for peace have been throttled and since arbitration and justice and mercy will not be heard, the operator must either arrogate to himself the title of coal king and svray hie scepter over unwilling subjects, or the miners must meet the issue by renewing efforts to deplete the markets by the complete prevention of production.” Dead Phot Remedy Co. — I have used your Dead Shot as an oint ment for Piles, and perfected a cure in a remarkably short time. Also used tho liquid for Kidney troubles and was cured. In each and every instance where I have rec ommended your remedies for Piles, Kidney trouble. Deafness, and Bronchitis they Lav* performed wonders. Respectfully yours. W. S. SAU3E. Minneapolis, Minn. With the initiative and referendum the people get any reform a majority will vote for. Now we get any law tha millionaires will pay for. Read “Bond and Industrial Slavery." Price 25 cents, Tite Number of thie issue of the paper i 5.... 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