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kn advocate of Jeffersonian Democracy ■ "And the Lord Said unto Moses, •* Wfierefora onto Me? “Pint Fiesdosa. and then Glory. When that fail*,
and Lincoln Republicanism. B Speak unto the Children of Israel that they may go forward.'*- Exod. c, xiv, ▼, 15. SSTfii SrTSSSSftjf Hath bat one pass. —Byron. - -» -» ; ■ • 1 "jr ■' ■ - -- => VOL. VIII. NO 42. WHOLE NO. 406 MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. PAUL, MINN. THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 7 1901 Jf SI.OO A Yea* In Advance. TOTAL VOTE The Presidential Vote by Staten and What It Mean*. The vote on Nov. 6 for president is now officially announced in every state in the union, And the figures in the ac companying table, which we take from New York Times, correcting one or two mistakes of omission, seem to be reas onably accurate. They show a total of 13,967,777 votes were cast this year, against 13,923,278 in 1196—an increase of only 44,399. Mr. McKinley’s vote is 112,898 more than it was four years ago, and Mr. Bryan’s vote is 145,072 less. Mr. McKinley’s plurality of 856,824 is 257,- 970 greater than in 1896, and 96,833 greater tuan the largest plurality ever before given to a presidential candidate, namely, 762,991 to Grant in 1872. A feature in the vote that attracts genral attention in the press is the small increase in the number of votes in four years’ time. “It has been prov ed from census statistics,” says the New Orleans Picayune (Dem.), “that a mil lion fresh voters, come into the elective frauchise every four years by attaining the voting age. The question 'arises: What has become of nearly a million voters who did not cast a ballot?’’ It answers:. “There was a most decided indiffer ence to both candidates, or, what is more to the purpose, a most formidable repugnance to both. Among these non veters were the anti-imperialist Repub licans, who would not vote against their party even if they could not vote with it, and the Democrats who were afraid of Mr. Bryan’s silver heresy. Then there was a great body of citizens who saw too much Socialism in Bryanism, and too much imperialism in McKinley ism, to be able to choose between them, and thus It was that nearly a mil lion votes were witheld from the polls.” A similar view is taken by the New York Journal of Commerce (Fin.), which .maintains that the total vote cast ought to have been fat least 1.250,000 greater than in 1896,” and it states that the actual figures should have the effect of making the Republi can leaders “pretty sober and careful.” “There is a reserve vote that was not called out at the recent election,” adds the Philadelphia Public Ledger (Ind. Rep.), “that is strong enough to turn the government over to the Democrats it the Republicans should prove un worthy.” The New York Sun (Rep.), on the other hand, declares: “The more probable cause for the small Republican Increase is that in 1896, the first of the two serious assaults upon the national credit, the public anxiety was extreme and the vote was phenomenally large. In 1900 this anxiety was allayed, and the novelty of the campaign had worn away, and the born stay-at-homes, whom the extraordinary canvass of 1896 had drawn to the polls, stayed at home again.” The factor which was chiefly respons ible for the small increase in the vote was undoubtedly the decline in the vote of the Southern states. Only four Southern states showed an increase, viz: Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia and Kentucky, while in the other 12 there were losses ranging from about 5,000 in Florida to 103,000 in Texas. Says the Philadelphia Press (Rep.): "The Southern states polled less than POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS. Electoral Votes. McKinley, Bryan, Woolley, Barker, Debs, Mallon y McKinlev. Bryan. Rep. Demk Pro. Peo. S. Dem. S.Lab. Alabama ' 11 53,669 96,368 1.407 3.797 V Arkansas 8 44,800 81,142 584 972 California ... .... 9 ... 164,755 124.986 5.024 7,572 Colorado 4 93,072 122,733 3,790 389 684 71* Connecticut 6 ... 102,572 74.014 1,617 1,029 908 Delaware 3 ... 22,560 78.863 546 57 Florida 4 7,499 28,007 2.239 1.090 603 Georgia 13 35.036 81.700 1,396 4.584 Idaho 3 27,198 29,414 857 213 Illinois 24 ... 597,985 603,061 17.626 1,141 9,687 1.3<5 Indiana 15 ... 336,063 309,584 13,718 1,438 2,374 663 lowa 13 ... 307,808 209,265 9,502 613 2.742 259 Kansas 10 ... 185,995 162,601 3,605 1,605 Kentucky 13 226,801 234,899 2,429 2.017 760 289 • Louisiana 8 14,233 14,233 Maine 6 ... 65,435 36.823 2,585 878 Maryland ........ 8 ... 136,212 122.271 4,582 908 391 Massachusetts 15 ... 239,147 157,016 6,208 9,716 2,610 Michigan ........ 14 ... 316.269 211,685 13.859 837 2,826 903 Minnesota# 9 ... 190,461 112,901 8.555 3,065 1,329 Mississippi 9 6,753 51.706 1,644 Missouri 17 314,093 351,913 5,963 4,244 6X28 1,294 Montana 3 25,373 37,146 298 790 116 Nebraska 8 ... 121,835 114,013 3,686 1,104 823 Nevada 3 3,849 6,347 New Hampshire . 4 ... 54,798 35,489 1,271 790 New Jersey 10 ... 221,707 164,808 7,183 669 4.609 2,074 New York 36 ... 821,992 678.386 22.043 12,869 12,622 North Carolina 11 133,081 157,752 1,009 830 North Dakota 3 ... 35.891 20,519 731 110 518 Ohio 23 ... 643.918 474,882 10,203 251 4,847 1,688 Oregon 4 ... 46,526 33,385 2,536 275 1.494 Pennsylvania .. .. 32 ... 712,665 424,232 27.908 638 4.831 2,936 Rhode Island 4 ... 33,784 19.812 1.529 1,423 South Carolina 9 3,525 47,283 , South Dakota 4 ... 54,530 39.544 1,54 f 339 169 Tennessee 12 123,008 145,250 3.900 1,368 410 Texas 15 130,641 267,432 2,644 20,981 1,846 162 Utah 3 ... 47,089 44,949 205 717 106 Vermont 4 ... 42.569 12,849 383 867 Virginia 12 115,865 146,080 2,160 Washington 4 ... 57,456 44.833 2,345 1,066 West Virginia 6 ... 119,861 98,791 1,588 279 286 Wisconsin 12 ... 266,866 159,285 10,124. ...... 7.095 524 Wyoming 3 ... 14.482 10,164 2 Total 292 155 7, 6.357,853 207.368 50,192 94.552 33,450 The above figures are in alt cases official. A scattering vote* was cast for the Na tional Union Reform, United Christian, and National parties, as. follows: Ellis. Union Reform: Arkanrus, 341: Illinois, 672; Indiana, 254; Maryland. 147, and Ohio, 4.284; total, 5,698. .* Leonard, United Christian: Illinois, 852; lowa, 166; total, 518. Emerson, National: Massaclius tts. 469. Total vote cast, including G.6S"> scattering, 13,967,777. McKinley’s plurality. 859.824: McKinley’s majority, 468,056. Vote in 1896: McKinley (Rep.), 7,104,779, Bryan (Dem.), 6,502,925; Palmer (Nat’l. Dem.), 133,424; Levering (Pro.), 132,007; Machett (So. Lab.),, 36,274; Bentley (Nat’l.), 13,969; total, 13,923,878; McKinley’s plurality, 601.854; McKinley’s majerity, 286,130. If any corrections or additions to this table shall be found necessary they will be •otsd In an article that Is to follow oa the vote of the minor parties. itV , y' , . • , one-fourth -the votes cast in the 45 states In the union, although they must have about one-third of the population of the country. The average proportion of voters to population is about one in seven, or an average far below what pre vails in Northern states. This absence of interest in national political questions is not healthful, but it will doubtless continue as long as present conditions prevail in the South. “The general apathy which appears t) have prevailed in three-fourths of the Southern states can not be explained en tirely by the knowledge that these states were certain to go Democratic in any event. It was undoubtedly due in a large measure to the unpopularity of the t>emocratic candidate and platform. The constantly decreasing vote in the states which have disfranchised the col ored voters is noticeable. Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina cast in the aggregate only about 179,000 votes. Twenty years ago these same states cast 883,000 votes, or more than double what they did this year, notwithstanding the increase in population of the past two decades. The vote of North Carolina, the other disfranchising state, fell off about 42,000.” This view is shared by many of the Scuthern Democratic papefs. For ex ample, the Florida Times-Union and Citizen (Dem.), in deploring the fact that “never did so many American citi zens absent themselves from the polls at a presidential election,” exhorts its own party to “abandon its false gods” and to return to true Democratic prin ciples and example. Mr. Bryan gained strength in 14 states and lost in the other 31; Mr. McKinley gained in 24 states and lost in 21. Mr. Bryan’s heaviest gains were in the East. In New York he gained over 125,000; in New Jersey about 30,000. and in New England states nearly 170,000. In Illi nois, too, Mr. Bryan gained 40,000. On the other hand, a Bryan majority of 51,- 11€ in Utah was converted to a McKin ley majority of 2,860, and in Colorado Mr. Bryan lost oyer 36,000 votes. On the Pacific coast (California, Oregon and Washington) a Bryan majority of 7,000 was transformed into a McKinley ma jority of 65,000. Saya the New York World (Dem.), in summary: “In strongly Republican New England and in the overwhelmingly Democratic ‘solid South,’ there was a decline in the popular vote, an actual decline, indicat ing & much larger failure on the part o£ dissatisfied electors to appear at the polls. In New England it was Mr. Mc- Kinley’s vote that decreased; in the ‘solid South’ it was Mr. Bryan’s. “In the great battle-grounds of sound money—the Middle Atlantic states and the Middle Western states, together hav ing nearly half the population of the country—Mr. McKinley stood still. In the former Mr. Bryan gained slightly; in the latter he lost slightly; although he relatively gained some ground. “In the great former strongholds of Populism, in those 15 Northern states between the Mississippi and the Pacific, Mr. McKinley made enormous gains and Mr. Bryan sustained enormous losses. Mr. Bryan's plurality of 150,000 in 1896 was changed into a McKinley plurality of 268,000. The vote in the electoral college—292 to 155, as compared with 271 to 176 in 1896 —gives only a slight indication of the real result. It exaggerates Mr. Mc- Kinley’s victory. It minimizes Mr. Bry- - - ,v - - . •-> y r v . -.V~C -«*. X . ’ ' BI.OCKISO THE WAY. The corporation hop In •lirayi »t the doors of aak * n * feed at the expense of tlie taxpaying- producers. —Courtesy Minneapolis Journal. an’s defeat. The third party vote this year reached an aggregate less 400,000, of which total the Prohibitionists polled more than half. The Springfield Republican says of this independent vote: "It is not so encouraging to the Pro hibitionists as it might be. They polled over 270,000 in the nation in 1892, and over 249,000 in 1988. They made an ex ceptionally active campaign this year, the candidates visiting all sections of the country in a special train; and in a quite general disgust with the alterna tives presented by the two old parties the Prohibitionists should have profited. “The Socialist Labor vote four years ago was above 36,000, and this year, with 12.622 votes in New York state alone, it will come nearly up to those figures again. It is safe to conclude that the combined Socialist vote will reach about 150,000, more than two-thirds of which goes to the faction that ran a president ial ticket for the first time. This ap pearance in presidential contests of a Socialist party of some little strength is an interesting feature and doubtless to prove a permanent feature in national elections.” The third party vote will be treated at greater length in a later issue. DEBS* PLAN ADOPTED. Conventiou of All Socialists—Plan to Raise Campaiicn Kantls. (Associated Press.) CHICAGO, Jan. 16. —Social Democrats, numbering nearly 200, and representing 30 states, met at Aldine hall yesterday in the national convention of that party. Prominent among the delegates were Bugene V. Debs, the organizer of the Social Democracy. Many women wore the badges of delegates. The convention was called to order by Seymour Sted man, a local member of the national board, who was made temporary cuau ■ man. Margaret Haile, of Massachusetts, was elected temporary secretary. Rou tine business occupied the time of tue afternoon session. CHICAGO, Jan. 17.—Plans for the placing of organizers in the field fot educational purposes and to propagate Socialistic principles came under dis cussion at yesterday’s meeting of the na tional convention of the Social Demo cratic party. Considerable difference of opinion was shown as to the best means of raising the necessary funds to support these organizers, the plan apparently most favored regarded involving the as sessment of party members. CHICAGO, Jan. 19.—A national con vention of all Socialists of the country was decided upon today by the conven tion of the Social Democratic party, which has been in session several days. The convention will be held in Indian apolis on the second Tuesday in Sep tember, and a final effort will be made Vjfjl® MUMIbkX w LI I, • I':* to solidify aftXhe Socialists of the United States in one party. The plan agreed upon .by the convention was that proposed by Eugene V. Debs, although it was modified somewhat by the conven tion. In spite of the opposition of the delegates from Chicago, thef riends of Debs rallied and carried his plan through. ■ THE LIVING DEAD. Form a Frightful I.l»t io the Coat of the Philippine War. When the cost of our war in the Philippines is finally recounted the ex pense cannot be entirely estimated in dollars and cents, nor yet by the num ber of lives lost in battle with the ene my or in struggle with diseases. The list of killed, wounded and missing complied after the engagement does not include all those unfortunates who have sacrificed themselvcp for the honor of their country’s fiag4\ There are yet living dead; those whose bodies stillXexist, but whose minds ars worse?,than dead; those who have given unholy combat that without which life itself is barren —a sad miserable Journey—their reason. A* In all the &r wto ch Americans have fought there js no! one where the per centage of insanity has been so large as in the campaign in the Philippines. Since that bright and balmy Sunday morning in May when Dewey sailed into Manila harbor and sank the Spanish fleet, no less than due thousand healthy, strong and able-bodied young men who marched behind or sailed under the starry banner of freedom have lost their reason while in fbe service. The vast majority of these unfortun ates have to the army. Some hundreds have die#;, not fighting a liv ing enemy, as every soldier wishes tc die, but in their vrild, uncontrollable deliriums, ofttimea lighting their best friends; some scoeca of others have died by their own hand, and more than 400 have been treated at St. Eliza beth’s government hssane asylum. Among the fatter la the son of the late Colonel Egbert, who lost his life in the Philippines. Others have been cared for at Presidio, Cal., and still others have been allowed to remain in the hospitals in the islands until their terms of en listment have expired, or they were dis charged and then cared for by their friends, who desired to have them sent to a private sanitarium. But these cases have been few. Scarce a fortnight passes by but there is received at St. Elizabeth’s a detach ment of 15 or 2# soldiers and sailors, brought from Manila, half way around the globe to be treated here, not for any physical ailmsnts, but for mental diseases. Almost every ship which comes' into San ’Francisco harbor from the Philippines bas oat board a number rags of these patients. They come to the asylum under the escort of a guard of their more fortu nate comrades, and accompanied either by attendants from the hospital corps or army surgeon. Dfttimes it is neces sary to bring some of the boys upon the long voyage bound in chains to pre vent them from doing injury to them selves or to their fellows. Then as long as they remain violent or dan gerous the padded cell is their home. It is a sad ending for youths who, in the prime of their manhood, went forth to do battle for their country. • Under the care of specialists on dis eases of the brain, some recover suffi ciently to be discharged after a time and return to their homes, while others are doomed to long lives of isolation, lives of no value to themselves or so ciety, and perhaps die raving maiacs. It can scarce be said that any man fully recovers his reason after once having lost it in a campaign such as that being waged in the Philippines. The cure effected in such an institu tion as St. Elizabeth's is, even in cases which yield most readily to treatment liable to be followed by a recurrence of mental aberration on the part of the subject in instances of physical ailment or unusual excitement. With a very few exceptions all the cases of insanity which have come tc St. Elizabeth's from Cuba, Porto Rico or the Philippines have been directly or in directly caused by what may be termed the climatic conditions. Only in two or three cases has insanity been produced by wounds, and out of all the number treated at the government asylum but five were caused by alcoholic excesses and these not from the use of American beverages, but rather the native Filipino liquors. On the other hand, strong men have succumbed to fever, and have recovered only to be bereft of their mental fa culties. Amid conditions which time and experience have proved no Cauca sian race can endure these young sol diers and sailors have gone down. They went out to the islands bright, keen, alert; they have returned, many of them maniacs and imbeciles. The raging fev ers and the environments of camp life in the jungles have done their work. As between the two most prevalent forms of insanity among the soldiers and sailors, exultation and melancholia, the cases of the latter species are by far the most numerous. The percentage of this disease is much larger among the boys who wear Uncle Sam’s blue uni form than among the civilian class Physicians at the asylum find explana tion for this fact in the character and former lives of the respective patients As at present constituted our navy in the Philippines is made up largely of young men who left the farm, the fac tory or the merchantile house to enlist, and who had never before been half a TWO4OLLARS FOR ONE! < > ' AND | Tb Hat ui Iwl Puctkul Ptrx ui Fiafy fiyr maid. ♦ Believing that every one of our readers should have at leaat one good 4 Agricultural and Family Journal, we have perfected arrangements whereby ♦ we can send that practical and Instructive journal farm slid Rome, in eon ♦ nection with Che Representative and Homemade Contrivances, on temarkably 4 liberal terms as given below. Lack of space forbids but a brief description 4 of the contents of farm and Rome, which is unequaled for variety and excel ♦ lence. Prominent among its many departments may be mentioned the— ♦ Farm aid Gardta, The Apiary, Th« ftultry Yard, J Market Reports, Talks with a Lawyer, Tie Qosstioa Bex, l Frait Culture, Around thn Globe, Fiaots and Flowers, ♦ Plans and Invent ions, Live Stock and Dairy, The Veterinary, | Fashions and Fancy Work, Household Features. 4 farm and Rome is published semi-monthly , thus giving you 24 numbers 4 a year, the whole making a volume of over 500 pages, teeming with all the 4 latest and most reliable information that experience and science can sup -4 ply- No better proof of its popularity can be offered than its enormous cir -4 culation, which extends into every province, each number being read by no T less than a million readers. 4 By special arrangement we make for a limited time the following ♦ liberal offer: | The Representative, one year, SI.OO 1 All I Farm and Home, .50 ,' l v J Homemade Contrivances..... .50 }- _ | Total $2.00 j SI.OO | Himtmtils Contrivanoii *#a wonderful useful book. It is adapted £ ■ '' to the Farmland Garden, Dairy and Work :shop, and to indoor* as well as out. It covers the whole range of Farm Conveniences, Farm Appliances and Fences, Gates and Bridge*—in fact if Z * combination, under one eov«r f pf three MKbrnj* books. It t*ll* how to * mnke«**r bandy appliance* and labor saving device*. It should be in ♦ the hand* of every forehanded man. This book has never before sold in the z trade for less than $2.00, which is the price of the regular cloth edition. We 2 are .able to make this uqparallsled offer by printing an enormous edition for • popular distribution. It is handsomely bound, illuminated covers, 5j4x7)4 £ inches, end contains no less than 650 pages and 750 illustrations. 4 DO MOT DELAY or fall to take advantage of this great offer, for never before + was so much offered for so small a sum. Remember we send both papers one year including book, nil postpaid, at the very low price above named. Address nil orders to | Cbc Representative, | 632 BOSTON BLOCK. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. day’s journey from their native heath Homesickness and disease have produc ed melancholia. Then went insane long ing for friends and home. Often they see neither, or if friends do call upon them they are not recognized in many cases, or else are regarded as enemies.— Southern Mercury. The World Move*. In the largest library in Oxford, Eng land, has hung from time immemorial this notice: “Women and dogs not ad mitted here.” It is allowed to hang still, to show the changes in the status of women. No less than eight women have seats on the London board of education. Milton thought it improper for women to learn Greek and Latin. Two hundred years ago no one thought of a girl playing the piano, only men "played. Mary Wollstonfccroft had to argue personally with her friends who thought it unwomanly and improper for girls to study botany. There w r as a time in the history of Boston libraries when women were not allowed to take books from the library. Now more books are taken out by wo men than by men. In Jane Austin’s day it was considered very unsexing, degrading and unwo manly for a woman to write novels. Miss Austin always kept a large piece of sewing on hand with which to conceal her manuscript, in case a conservative visitor should come in. “How absurd!* How ridiculous! How idiotic!” you ex claim. Yes, and not so many years hence his torians will record the fact that as late as the close of the Nineteenth century, and perhaps a little later, it was consid ered improper and unwomanly for wo men to vote; and again comment will be: “How absurd! How ridiculous' How silly! How idiotic!” LIDA CALVERT OBENCHAIN. Lincoln on tlie Race*. Those arguments that are made, that the inferior race are to be treated with as much allowance as they are capable Oi enjoying; that as much is to be done for them -as their condition will allow —what are. these arguments? They are the arguments that kings have made for the enslaving of the people in all ages of the world. You will find that all the arguments of king-craft were al ways of this class; they always bestrode the necks of the people—not that they wanted to do it, but because the peo t MINNESOTA HISTCHCAL * SOtJJt. 1Y pie were better off for being ridden. * * * Turn it every way you will —whether It comes from the mouth of a king as an excuse for enslaving the people of his country, or from the mouth of men of one race—it is all the . same old serpent.—Abraham Lincoln at Chicago, July 10, 1858. Little Iloy Bine. The little toy dog is covered with dust, But sturdy and staunch he stands; And the little toy soldier is red with rust, And his musket molds in his hands. Time was when the little toy dog was. new And the soldier was passing fair, And that was the time when our Little Boy Blue Kissed them and put them there. “Now don't you go till I come,” he said, said, “And don’t you make any noise!” So, toddling off to his trundle bed, He dreamed of the pretty toys. And, as he was dreaming, an angel song Awakened our Little Boy Blue — Oh, the years are many, the years are long. But the little toy friends are true. Aye, faithful to Little Boy Blue they stand, Each in the same old place, Awaiting the touch of a little hand, The smile of a little face. And they wonder, as waiting these long years through, Tn I lie dust of that little chair, What has become of our Little Boy Blue Since he kissed them and put them, there. —Eugene Field. . What is the difference between an apple and a pretty girl? The apple you squeeze to get cider, the girl you get sid'er to squeeze. Ethel (to her- younger brother who, had been whipped)—Don’t mind, brother; don’t mind. Brother (between sobs) —That’s just what 1 was licked for. The Number of this JB ACI issue of the paper i 5.... "■Vwj lithe number opposite your name on the, colored Label is leas than this number it shows that your subscription is m arrears and should he paid up atoace.