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VOL. VIII. NO 44. WHOLE NO. 408. MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. PAUL.- MINN., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1901. SI.OO A Yeas In Advance.
BAREFACED ROBBERY SHIP SUBSIDY BILL A TREASURY LOOTING SCHEME. C'oultl Not Be Tolerated If Dominant Party Were Not Controlled by TrnMtN—Presents a Glaring Denial That All Men Are Equal Before the L«w-An Ontragre and a Scandal. Senator Vest’s onslaught upon the ship subsidy bill was In his best vein. It was equal to the finest efforts of his palmiest days, when he won in forensic battle against political oppon ents and wore, without corrlval the title of “Little Giant,” says the Kansas City Times. It demonstrates that Vest is himself again, despite the long siege that 111 health and hard work in the public service have been laying to his once vigorous constitution. By his invincible logic, his scathing pcwer of analysis, his matchless sarcasm be demolished the flimsy arguments ad vanced by Hanna, Frye and other cham pions of this scheme for looting the treasury to pay the Standard Oil com pany and other ship-owning corpora tions double compound interest on the sums they contributed to the Republi can campaign fund. With one stroke he laid bare the in iquity, the shamelessness, the indefen sibility in principle of this treasury loot ing scheme. He showed how the American line, owned principally by John D. Rocke tt Her, will get $42,000,000 of the SIBO,- 000,000 that is proposed to be extorted from the taxpayers by this piece of larcenous legislation; how the Pacific Mall Steamship company will get $550.- 000 a year for 25 years. With biting sarcasm and cutting wit he exposed the mendacity of the Republican senators who are pretending that this measure is for the building up of our merchant marine. “The next poor, emaciated, starving coiporation,' he said, “that will re lieve a subsidy under this bill is the Standard Oil company. It is trembling with emaciation and hungry for the necessaries of life, its shares of stock being worth $660 each.” He revealed the emptiness of the pre tense that this bill will give the country auxiliary’ cruisers in time of war and pointed out that its corporation benefici aries are preparing to organize a ship ping trust as soon as the measure shall become a law, by which they will be able to monopolize the carrying trade on the oceans and the great lakes. No such bill as the Hanna-Payne bill could be tolerated if it were not that the dominant party in our government is absolutely owned and controlled by the men who constitute the trusts. It piesents the most glaring denial that every man in this country is equal be fore the law that has been exhibited since the "high priest of protection” was elected to the first office in the land. Bounties to ships are no more justi fiable than bounties to farmers and live sicck raisers to help them along in periods of drought. Miners, street builders, railroad owners —in fact, any and every class of industry—have as much right to be subsidized to Induce them to carry on their respective busi nesses as have the men who build or own ships. Nevertheless, the Republicans will pass this outrageous and scandalous piece of legislation, which is barefaced and criminal robbery of the American people for the enrichment of cormorant trusts. The Experience Valuable. Missouri World. Reformers have driven the old parties to the wall in the discussion of princi ples. They have converted the nation to Populism. The old party politicians fought these principles with all their powers of ridicule and argument, most ly the former. They tried to-keep the people from accepting them as true prin ciples of government. In this they suc ceeded for awhile, but the everlasting and unceasing work of reformers finally won the great victory of converting the nation. Then there was nothing left for the politicians to do but to attack the reform organization. This they did with surprising success. But their vic tory is only temporary. Never were there so many reformers, and never was there so little hope in the hearts of men for good to come from the old parties. The 1,300,000 men who voted as Popu lists in 1894, since that time widely scattered, are compelled to get together. Probably 3.000,000 more who were Popu lists then in sentiment, or have since become believers in Populist principles, must also see the necessity of reformers getting together. The minds of re formers are at work on the subject of getting together, and a plan will be evolved acceptable to most all, and when once again together, the old party politicians will be unable to scatter them. The experience of reformers in the last five years is probably worth more than it cost. U ■dvocatc ri (he Lord Said unto Mow, “ Wh«rcfOf HUlt —to Me? '-Vim thm Qloit. .w f.n, g uitf Llncola Republicanism. M SyfiV unto the Children of lornol that they may go'fare a*."-Ex.d. o, 5r,,,, u. . 233&^;®'£fSnS!SS?K. tfis - f- - A PUBLIC ’PHONES A Tale of Two Telephone*—An Exper ience of Oar Own Government nt WMhlnston—Public Ownership tr. Private Monopoly. In 1895 the department of the in terior put in its own phones and the cost of operation and repairs is only $6.43 per phone, with $3.80 for Interest and depreciation, making a total of to cost $75 under the 861 l regime, and $10.25 per phone per year for what used the service is in every w r ay better and more satisfactory. In 1894 and prior thereto, the department qf the interior paid the Bell telephone in Washington S6O to $125 each for 65 telephones and employed a lady to attend the main exchange at S6OO a year, making the total average cost of $75 per phone a year. The cost under private ownership was seven times greater than it is now under public ownership. Stockholm, Sweden, with 290,000 pop ulation, i.as municipal ownership and the average cost of a phone is S2O per year, with metallic circuit, underground wires, free interurban communication within a radius of 43 miles. Used to be afflicted with a Bell monopoly, which was dispossessed by the government in 1884. The cost under the Bell monopoly was $44 average per phone, with over head wires and inferior service. Brussels, Belgium, with 550,000 popu lation. about the same as St. Louis, en joys municipal .ownership, with metallic circuit, underground wires, free inter urban communication, etc. Average charge, S2O per year. Used to be af flicted with a Bell monopoly that charg ed SBO per year for inferior service. It tried the experiment of an independent company, with the result of a large in crease of cost to the subscribers. It then resorted to municipal ownership with complete succcess. In France the government took pos session of the telephone lines in 1889 and reduced the rates at once from 50 to 100 per cent for a vastly superior service—average charge S2O per year per phone. In Switzerland they have had govern ment ownership from the start. The re sult has been a splendid system, one of the finest in the world; total average rate being sls per year per phone. In Sweden there are 160 co-operative i telephone exchanges. The charges are frequently as low a 6 $6 to SB, the aver age being as low as $lO for a very su perior service. In the United States there are few co operative telephone exchanges, which show what can be done by the elimina tion of private profit and monopoly. In Fort Scott. Kan., the members of the mutual company pay $1 per month per phone. At Grand Rapids, Wis., the Bell monopoly used to charge $36 for resi dence and S4B fer business per year. A co-operative company succeeded in dis lodging the monopoly and the cost is now 50 cents per month for residence and $1.75 per month for business and a better and more satisfactory service. The ordinary charges of the Bell monopoly for towns are $24 to $36 for residences and S4B to $75 for business places. For large cities the usual rates are S9O to $240 for business. With municipal ownership or co operative associations, we could have excellent telephone service at less than I half these rates—so cents to $2 per month for small exchanges and $2 to $1 per month In large cities. Tbe World-Making- Motive. The following is an extract of Prof rierron’s Central Music hall address Sunday, Feb. 8: Many of our scientific problems will not be solved; they will be BV/ept off the road by greater Issues. Before we have passed upon the question of public own ership of certain utilities, the utilities will be obsolete. If we listen to the academic caution bf the economist, and have as little sense of truth or of humor as the religious newspaper, we may be traveling to other planets in air ships before we have spiritual nerve to decide whether the people shall own their pub lic highways. A lot of the things that we talk about, reforming will be out of use before w r e are through with out talking. While Louis XIV. was exhaust ing himself in trying to decide incidental matters. . the people decided such I weightier matters for themselves and the king was oui of a job. I imagine we shall have ceased to have any pos sible use for our American constitution long before the politicians have decided whether we may touch so sacred a cap italistic thing; long" beTffrfc our solemn sup'erne court shall have decided whether belongs to the people, of is jjjnere instrument of gov ernment. to be used or discussed at the pleasure of our governors; and probably leng bfffore this saffffe supreme court discerns whan an ancient*«ed humorous spectre it also has become in the eyes of the people. Nor can we of today construct sys tems that will solve the problems of to morrow, and we ought not to if we * * r -, M'KLYLEY’S EJPTRA SESSION. President McKinley—l wonder where- that woman in who naked me to hold this child for a few minnte*. b . . —Courtesy Minneapolis Journal. could. We have no right to impose our will upon those who come after us, as our fathers imposed upon us their will. The government of the living by the dead is the citadel of social follies and tyrannies. Most political reformers are jumbling and failing because they are trying to solve Twentieth century prob lems with Eighteenth century phrases fastened upon us by the armed and guarded institutions in which we are Imprisoned by our fathers. To believe only in the God of the dead, to believe that God was in Moses or in Jesus more than us, to believe that political wisdom was in Hamilton or in Jefferson more than in the common life of today—this is the mother of all atheisms. And if is the atheism which we strive to per petuate when we think to construct a system that will rule the future and solve its problems. We but lay up for our children the tragedy of ignorance the tyranny of atheism and the slavery of superstition when we try to bind them with laws and systems we think liberating ourselves. Prevention Better Than fare. The Chicago Record hopes that the Christian people of Chicago will not lest until the last prostitute disappears and the last criminal hole is closed. The trouble with the Record Is that it is just as unsophisticated as the gool ministers who are trying to suppress evil instead of preventing its development. If the people would only understand that the animal body that is tilled with the poison of disease or the human be ing that is mentaily a fool, have little chance of regeneration, they would di rect their attention to preventing such things rather than to suppressing them. It is an easy thing to pull weeds in a garden while they are small, but when you allow' them a chance to grow and spread, you have a big job before you. And it is just so with human weeds. As in all things, so it is here. An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure. —National Advance. The government pays $530 a day bo nus, above the usual extortionate charge, for a fast mail from New Mask to New Orelans. which is attached to the passenger train. This sum will pay three times the entire cost of running' the entire train —but the railroad agers know wiiat politics mean, wlutej the jaspers who. do the voting and pay-.’ ing do not. This is a bonus, mind you. of S7O a mile each way for one mail car a year. The government thus pays an interest. 2 per cent on nearly SIO,OOO. WO for hauling the mail 1,344 miles, enough to build the railroad between the two cities. The government pays more for pulling the mail cars on all roads than the entire cost of passenger trains in which it is hauled. In other words, if the public owned the railroads and op erated them on the 6ame tariff in other things, it could haul passengers and express free on all mail trains, and not be loser more thaa-it now’ is. But the people do not pay any attention to pub lic affairs. They congressmen who go to Washington t to fill their purses, and they fill them all right enough, and the jaspers pay th&bills. If the Repub lican and Democratic voters would pour their indignation oip their congressman by letter, showing *lhem that they are onto their game, all this would be reme died. But thesd voters do not know' the cheat. Their papers, subsidized by passes and favors, or owned by men who own railroads, do not tell them these things, and of course they do not know how they are being skinned. — Appeal. % i “ltiiMroad Trusts.’' (From Nonconformist.) Commoner No.*3 contains the follow ing: } y- President Fish, 4 of the Illinois Central railroad, says: Consolidation ifc coming. It has been coming for years, and 1 don’t think anything will arfee to stop it. It is the result of natural conditions and of com petition. _L Competition is recognized as a good thing theoretically, |wt there is nothing j so harmful to railroads and to shippers i as unrestrained arid unlimited compe tition. J It is not a great etretch of the Lmftfl j nation to see all thjß railway lines of j the country amalgamated into groups, according to geographical conditions, | and each group controlled by one flnan ! cial interest. j Mr. Fish says he favors the consolida ! tion on the ground that it would be an ’ excellent thing for the public and the | railroads. According to Mr. Fish, “con i solidation is the only way in which uni- I formity and stab|lity in rates can be ! secured.” Tie says it has been proved by the railway history of other coun tries that consolidation does bring sta bility in rates, and ; Mr. Fisli does not believe we will hate this condition until consolidation is effteqted.. It Is not difficult- tp see that the con s * solidaJion would be a good thing for the J stockholders of railroad. But Mr. j-JEishuwould Ilhri| W difficult to convince ! intelligent menitl|p.t it would be good I for the public, idea that the public I is to be benefited by the creation of an j immense rai'road trust, absolutely eon | trolling the higfiv,4ys of the nation, is *_too absurd for discussion. It may oe that consolidation is coming; it may jo that nothing can stop it. It will not be : a great surprise if ail the railway lines * of the country are amalgamated info one great railroad trust, and nothing i will do more than this to give impetus to the movement of government owmer j ship of the railroads, j The financiers who are giving encour agement to the railroad trust idea do not realize the dangerous ground upon which they stand. They see only the immense advantages they will derive if they are permitted to continue their gigantic organization. They do not be lieve the people would resent the Impo sitions; they do not know that the peo ple would in short order own and con trol the railroads of the country, fixing rates in accordance with public inter ests. Mr. Bryan does not openly indorse public ownership of railroads in the above article. He gives it as a remedy for an evil. Is this not the same as an indorsement? If the people resent un just tariff in this way, government own ership must be a good thing because it will give relief from unjust charges. Mr. Bryan must either hire an editor, or announce himself as a socialist. In the first issue he was a Democrat, be cause he was a Democrat. In the sec ond issue he favors municipal owner ship, and in his position the logical re sult is that direct legislation will give the people power which the politician has usurped. In the third issue he ar gues in favor of government ownership. In two issue Mr. Bryan has progressed out of the Democratic party. We are glad to see him coming over on the Lord's side. We shall now expect to see him advocating public ownership of-?ll industries that can be controlled by trusts. We have*«l ways had faith in Mr. Bryan, nTntl such evidence as he is giving' us leads us to believe that he will do much to lead the heathen brand of Democracy from the wilderness into the promised land—the co-operative com monwealth. An Important Bill. A remarkable bill providing for na tional ownership of railroads has been introduced in congress. Some or me provisions of the bill will no doubt in terest readers of the Herald. First —The government is to purenase, own and operate the steam railways of the country, taking possession of them Jan. 1, 1902, under the power of emi nent domain, based upon its constitu tianal authority “to regulate interstate commerce" and “to establish postroads,” but giving the present stockholders of the railroads a fair commercial value therefor, in railroad debenture bonds at 2% per cent interest, and payable m t»w vears. Second—Passenger rates are at once to be reduced to 1 cent a mile, and under certain conditions to % cent per mile, while freight rates are to be uniform and as low as will meet all charges of the service and the interest on the bonds and the increase of the sunung fund. Third—Eight hours of labor for all railway employes are to constitute a day and 48 hours a week; the wages ot track laborers are to be raised jrorn sl.lß a day to $1.35. Fourth—lt provides for accident in surance for shippers, employes and pas sengers. Fifth —It provides for postal express. Sixth—lt provides fpr railway civil service and promotion by merit, thus TWO DOLLARS FOB ONE 11 AND ! tU Best ni lit Practical Farm ui Fiailj Paper PiMished. Bcllevlag tbat every ene of our readers should have at leaat otp good ! Agricultural and Family Journal, ws have perfected arrangements whereby ! Ve can send that practical and Instructive journal farm and Devnc, in cop- 1 nection with Che Rtpresentattve and notnrmatk Cowtrivanees, on temarbably ! liberal terms as given below. Lack of space forbids but a brief description < of ths contents of farm and Rome, which is unequaled for variety and exoel- 1 lence. Prominent among its many departments may be mentioned the— J Farm aid Garden, The Apiary, The Ponltry Yard, : Market Reports, Talks with a lawyer, The Qaestioo Box, Fruit Culture, Aroiid thn Glebe, Plants and Flowers, ; Plans and Inventions, live Stock and Dairy, Tbe Veterinary, j Fashions and Fancy Work, Household Features. ; farm and Rome 1* published semi-monthly, thus giving you 34 numbers < a year, the whole making a volume of over 500 pages, teeming with all the i latest and most reliable information that experieuoe and science can sup- ! ply. No better proof of its popularity can be offered than its enormous clr- < culation, which extends into every province, each number being read by no < less than a million readers. j By special arrangement we make for a limited time the following 1 liberal offer: < The Representative, one year, SI.OO 1 All Fnr t Farm and Home, “ “ .50 nNII v J Homemade Contrivances .50 - ; Total $2.00 j SI.OO ] < Homnmadt Contrivanonn iB * wonderful useful book, it i. adapted ; - , shop, and to indoors as well as out. It oevers the whole range of Farm • j Conveniences, Farm Appliances and Fences, Gates and Bridges—in fact la ' a combination, under ene cover, of three separate t>ooka. It tells how to ! make over 1000 handy applianoes and labor saving dsviees. It should be in < the bauds of every forehanded man. This book has never before sold In the 1 , trade for less than.s2.oo, which ie the price the regdlar cloth eflltlefi- We ! are able to make this unparalleled offer by printing an enormous edition for • popular distribution. It is handsomely bound, illuminated covers, S%x7}i 1 inches, and contains no Isas than 650 pages and 750 Illustrations. j DO NOT DELAY or fall to take advantage of this great offer, for never before I was so much offered for so small a sum. Remember we send ' both papers one year Including book, all postpaid, at the very low price , above named. Address all orders to < Che Representative, 632 BOSTON BLOCK. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. I A A aaaaaA A A Aa AA A AAAAA AAAAAAAA A.m aa aaaaaa aAAAaaa! insuring, only one way to obtain a posi tion, and that is to wmrk up from the ranks. No appointments or removals can be made for political reasons, and employes are to have the right ot trial before a tribunal, and the governing board, to consist of 11 commissioners, is to be appointed by the president of the United States, subject to the rati fication of the senate. Each commis sioner must be a practical railroad man of at least 10 years’ previous experience, thus barring out politicians. Seventh—lt provides for the expendi ture of $50,000,000 annually to build new roads, after the payment of aft current charges, etc., have- been met. iujk money is to-tie expended, not as now’ so often in useless competing lines, but ac cording to the needs of communities, and, where the right of way shall have been donated by the local government, whether county, district or state. This plan, if carried out, will, say its advocates, cause no addition to the bur dens of the taxpayer, as the purcnatM money will ail come from the earnings of the railroads, and not from the gov ernment treasury. The Plutocrat. (Henry M. Edmiston.) He vows he loves the workingman, More dearly than fine health, And to insure him happiness, Deprives him of all wealth; For riches oft breed vices And lead men far from well, Amidst he fumes of sulphur And the flames of burning hell. He loves the workman's blindness. And because he will not see That if his wealth Is stolen, He must drudge in poverty. He loves to share the earnings Of the needy and distressed, And Increase the hours of labor Of the sickly and oppressed. He admires the toiler's dullness And his lack of common sense. In submitting to be plundered By vile shams and base pretense. He loves .men as the shepherd Loves the sheep within the fold. To sell the fleece in springtime. And the carcass when it’s old. He adores the patient toiler. And compares him to the ox That plods beneath the heavy yoke, Amongst the roots and rocks. Yes, he loves his fellow creatures, With love that is sublime; And he loves the workman’s dollar, And he takes it er’ry time. GIFTTOMANKATO CARNEGIE WILL GIVE $40,000 FOR 4> PUBLIC LIBRARY. City Must Provide (lit* Site—( miuii-KHt limn McCleary Get* tlie Promise of the Mankato Board. (Special to the Journal.) WASHINGTON. Fell. 7. Set era! weeks ago the board of control of the Mankato Public Library association wrote to Congressman McCleary, ask ing him to communicate with Andrew Carnegie, whose gifts to public library enterprises have been large in number and liberal In amount, with a viev to ascertaining whether Mr. Carnegie, after a full statement of the case, would feci warranted in doing anything for Man kato. Mr. McCleary look the matter up with Mr. Carnegie, as requested, and today received that gentleman's reply, which, in substance, is as follows: He will give $40,000 for a public li brary building In Mankato, provided the city will provide a satisfactory site and guarantee to raise a permanent annual fund of $4,000 with which to keep the library open to the public. Mankato is now authorized by law to impose a tax of one mill for library purposes, which will just about realise the required $4,000. Mr. McCleary today forwarded the- Carnegie letter to the proper Mankato officials for their consideration. He feels very jubilant over the very prompt and satisfactory answer made by Mr. Carnegie. * W. W. JERMANK. Read our even t premium offer oit front pane. Some ads prove hntli ln lereullnq and profitable rendtiiK'. C. A. AMES, General Machinist Machinery of all kinds Built find repaired. Cups and Cones Made to Order. Light and heavy lathe and plainer work. Special attention paid to mail orders. EXPERT ON GASOLINE ENGINES. 105 Sixth Street S. Minneapolis, Minn Telephone, Main 321" L-l. The Number of this Jj fljl issue of the paper is... . *■ VO lithe number opposite your name on t’ie colored Label is less than this au-n*«er it shows that your subscription la in arrears and should be paid up at once.