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t== ADVOCATE IOF DffiECT LEGISLATION AWB GOVEPNMENT OWNEDrnFD OF MONOPOUEI VOL- IX. NO 2. WHOLE NO. 4XB. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., THURSDAY, MAY 2, 1901 $1,09 A Yeah In' Advance. ‘ Direct Ml letters intended lor TJ A TlI/TTrHttT T 632 Boston Block, the Representative to Ds As 1 TT I i VdllElLLj Minneapolis, Minn, All mail addressed to “The Representative” is returned to sender or goes to Dead Letter office. If you have already sent mall to “The Representative,” write a postal card to Minneapolis Postmaster to deliver same to E. A. TWITCHELL, present editor of The Representative. CREDITABLE RECORD According to Bryan the People’s par ty has brought about more reforms than both old parties since the abolition of slavery. Prom Bryan’s Commoner: The Populist party, ridiculed by the Republicans and denounced by the gold Democrats, has really been a great edu cator. It Is an historical fact that many political organisations have been in fluential in moulding public* opinion, even though they have never secured control of the federal government. The Populists have never had at any time a soore of members of congress, and yet they have given an impetus to several reforms which must ultimately be accomplished. The first national platform written by the Populists demanded the election of United States senators by a direct vote of the people. That was before the matter received serious attention in congress, but since then the house of representatives has three times adopted a resolution pro posing the necessary amendment. In 1900 the Democratic platform indorsed this reform and it is now receiving the support of many prominent papers, which until recently, have been silent upon the subject or opposed to the change. The Populist party is an advocate of the system known as the initiative and referendum, whereby the people can compel the submission of important questions and pass upon the acts of leg islatures. This reform has been indorsed by many Democratic state legislatures and was last year approved by the national convention of the party. South Dakota at the 1898 election, adopted an amend ment providing for the initiative and referendum, in spite of the fact that the Republicans carried the state by a con siderable majority. Even more recent ly, a Republican legislature in Oregon has given indorsement to direct legis lation. Prior to the organization of the Popu list party, comparatively few men advo cated the municipal ownership of public utilities, and yet today business men in every part of the United States are openly defending this policy. Whenever the question has been sub mitted to the voters a large majority has generally been polled in favor of this reform, once denounced as Popu listic, but not regarded as prudent busi ness policy for a community. The Populists favor a postal tele graph system, operated in connection with the postofflce department: this re form has already been recommended by one Republican postmaster general, Mr. Wanamaker, and the matter is now being investigated by an industrial com mission. The Populists, while holding to their belief in government ownership of rail roads, have given their influences to all legislation tending toward the regula tion of railroads or the securing of rea sonable rates. On the money question the Populists have done a great deal of educational work. It has steadfastly defended the greenback against the attacks of the national banking interests, and has in sisted that the right to issue money is a sovereign function of government which cannot safely be delegated to private individuals or corporations. The Dem ocratic party has in two conventions supported this doctrine, although differ ing from the Populists on the subject of redeemability. The Democrats advocate a legal tender greenback, issued by the government, redeemable in coin, the govrnment to exercise the option as to which coin, while the Populists be lieve in an irredeemable greenback. This difference, however, has not pre vented the Democrats and Populists from acting together to save the green back from annihilation. The Populists believe in the quanti tative theory of money and favor bi metalism because it would give more money than monometalism. While the Democrats in the senate and house of representatives had for 20 years been voting for free coinage at 16 to 1, the Populists were the first to name the ratio in a national platform. The distinction among animals of re quiring least sleep belongs to the ele phant. In spite of its capacity for hard work, the elephant seldom, If ever, ■leeps more than tofcr» nr snnssliiasHj flyehourn, ’ 7 ' Primary Election Maui’. The primary election law is a step in the right direction. It is not what it ought to be, nor what it will be when its defects are shown up at its practical workings. Hereafter the selection of candidates for official position will be in the hands of the legal voters themselves. No longer will a coterie of politicians make up a slate and arrange a list of candidates favorable to them and sworn to carry out their wishes; and pack a caucus to place these candidates in nomination, however distasteful to the better ele ment of the legal voters of the district they may be. The balloting being se cret so far as practicable, it will be per fectly feasible, under this new law, for the people to place in nomination such men as will honor the office for which they may be selected and elected, it will be because the better element of the lgal voters of the district stay away from the primaries and allow the schem ing politicians to place in nomination such parties as will do their bidding. We do not know whether the law con fines the ticket to the selection of the primaries of the various parties, or has made provision for independent candi dates, whose names may come before the primaries but failed to get the nomi nation. We are of the opinion it should make no provision Jor “independents,” but confine the voters to the candidates that the party primaries place in nomi nation. This will have the tendency to cause the primaries to select only such candidates for the various offices as shall be fully qualified for their duties, and will command the full party vote. The law being on the statute books, if on trial It shall show flaws, these can be corrected till perfection shall be ex hibited in its work, and the schemes and chicaneries of political tricksters and their machine politics will forever have an end.—Glencoe Review. Some Slgni of Hope. The election of such pronounced and radical reformers as Torn L. Johnson, of Ohio, to the chief magistracy of his home city—and that a Republican city generally and the habitat of Mark Han na as well —Is not only an indication of the moral worth of the man but an in dication of better things in store for our now much misgoverned nation. For Mr. Johnson, in this campaign, which is said to have been of the most spirited character, never for once undertook to hide his radicalism, no more than his light, under a bushel. And best of all, he was elected by honest, conscientious and intelligent votes, he having warned the corrupt and debased healers to keep away, that there wasn’t a dollar or a drink for them on his side of the con test, and wanted not even the votes of those too ignorant to understand or in dolent to care to learn what he stood for. And this hope for the future is added unto in the repeated triumphs of Mayor Jones, of Toledo, on his “golden rule” platform. So Is It again in the re-elec tion of Mayor Cummings of our Con necticut city of Stamford. They are all outspoken, progressive reformers, everyone knowing just where they stand on the foremost issues of the day.—The Weekly Examiner. Eighty Millions Dividends in Seven . . Years. The great Standard Oil company is an ever present concentration of capital and of the money saving as well as money making possibilities of corpora tions that have a monopoly of a neces sity of life. Almost all the shares in the company are held by 11 stockholders, to whom will be disbursed in dividends on March 1 the comfortable sum of $20,000,000. This represents the profits for the first three months of the current year, and it is more than probable that before the end of the 12 months $80,000,000 will have been taken by the stockholders for their onerous (?) duties as “captains of Industry.” In Other words, for every SIOO put into the corporation there will .be taken out during the year SBO. The stoek is in the hands of a few who de cline to sell even at the*enorm mis price of $8 for $1 worth of shares. r John D. Rockefeller will get about one-third of the coming dividend, as he personally owns 310,000 out of the mil lion shares of the company of the par par value of SIOO. His original hold ings of $3,100,000 is now worth more than $250,000,000. If the dividends con tinue to accumulate in the future as - they Rave in the pant, there is no tell what-hgnm Mr. Morhafeljai 1 wealth may mount. The billionaire is surely coming. In the past seven years Mr. Rockefel ler has received $80,000,000 in dividends from Standard Oil. Were he obliged to receive his quarterly “earnings” in gold he would have to use several trucks to take it away.—Southern Mercury. The New-Fangled Banner. O say can you see, by the n&w century’s light, What so proudly we hail with our eagles a-screaming? Whose big stripes and bold stars through the smoke of the fight From the ramparts of battle are every where streaming. And the bomb and the blare that are rending the air By day and by night prove our flag it got there; 0 see how the new-fangled banner now waves O’er Sulu’s proud sultan, his wives and his slaves. On the shores dimly seem through the mists of the deep, Where our little brown brothers for freedom are fighting, What is that which they hail.till their eyes fairly weep? What is it they’re saying about our uniting? How their eyes are soon opened—’tis only a dream; Our friendship’s a sham, and our help all a scheme, For the new-fangled banner flamboy antly waves Over millions of subjects and thousands of slaves. And where is that band that were gal lantly sure That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion, For home and for country they still could endure? Their blood we have trampled as if ’twere pollution; No refuge can save them, though pa tient and brave, From the terror of death and the gloom of the grave; For our new-fangled banner in tri umph must wave, Whatever it costs us, their land to en slave. O thus be it ever when freedmen shall stand Between their loved homes and the war’s desolation, May manifest destiny give us their land, And blast all who kick at benevolent assimilation. Then conquer we must; we belong to the trust, And this is our motto: “We beat or we bust;” And the new-fangled banner flam boyantly waves Over millions of subjects and thousands of slaves. —Exchange. Even Boston. Even Boston, that quaint old hot-bed ot Puritanism is waking np to the fact that the populist doctrine of govern ment ownership of all public utilities is coming at a rapid pace. Speaking of the rapid progress of the movement the leading paper of that city, “The Traveller,” says: “It is marching on with restless force. It is swallowing railroads and factories. It is absorbing every department of hu man industry and welding them all in one vast “community of ownership.” At present Rockefeller, Morgan and the rest are the instruments of them, forced on by self-interest, are building a car of Juggernaut which will finally trample over them. All public utilities will final ly belong to the people, and in the more private combinations of capital the producer will find a way to procure his fair share of the savings rendered possi ble by the economies which are effect ed. This is the hope and promise of the twentieth century. It will be ail the raster for the government to take these great properties in the name of the peo ple when they shall have been aggregat ed into the hands of the few.”—Southern Mercury. Close Re.#nblance: Contractor—You won’t sell me a carload of bricks on credit? Dealer —No; me and my bricks are ▼erY»ncb alike; we’re hard pressed tor HiwvH - LIGHT AHEAD Some of our correspondents do not share in the view'that the masses of the voters of the Country are ripe for a victorious consolidation against the rule of the Republican and Democratic parties. They havs -seen the rise and fall of previous political uprisings, movements that appeared to be on the verge of carrying ..everything before them, only to be crushed out by the action, premeditated or otherwise, of men within such organizations. But it must be remembered that accom panying each of these protests against old party misrule and systems there has been waged a campaign of educa tion on the same vital principles until today the voter, who has not studied to some extent the correct principles and systems of government, is an exception rather than the rule. He may have gathered his Information from crude sources, but he has 1 heard enough to set him thinking and yhen this has been accomplished the roughest of the road is passed. As we view it there are at least 4,000,000 voters—perhaps more— ready at this moment to march to the poll under the independent reform ban- „ ner. The gold bugs are again in the saddle in the Democratic, party,-and no relief is expected froth the Republican party. Reformers will get together; there Is no doubt about that. It may be under the name of party, or a new name may be adopted, but the prin ciples will be correct. There is nothing but encouragement in the political hori zon for reformers. Let the fight be pushed with all the energy and fire which characterized the movement in ’92 and ’94.—Missouri World. Virgin Forests of Siberia. For many years past, says a writer in Pearson’s Magazine, the requirements in timber of the Eastern hemisphere have been practically all supplied by Sweden and Norway, but the day Is al ready almost in sight when even this source may be unable to meet the de mands made upon it. The available wood in America will soon be entirely absorbed by American people. In this direction, then, Russia sees her chance coming, and has long been putting her house in order, so as to be ready. Though in many parts of her European territories the forests have been, cut down as recklessly as elsewhere, they still cover nearly of the whole country. In Siberia so vast are they that their extent can hardly be estimated, and several decades must elapse probably before they can even be explored. Immensity of Alaska. A commentary on the “bigness” of Alaska is the following incident, told by Gen. Friedrich. He said: “Some time since a deputy marshal started from a point less than half way from here to Nome to bring a prisoner to Sitka, to which place he had been sen tenced by a commissioner to serve three months in jail. The prisoner’s time expired before they reached Sit ka and the officer turned him loose.” — Boston Transcript. 'Next Century Will Bring Longer Life. The American wiflihe taller by from one to two inches mUhe next hundred years. His increase- Bf stature will re sult from better health, due to vast re forms in mediehie, Sanitation, food and athletics. He will live 50 years instead of 35 as at he will reside in the suburbs. Th# city house will practically be no store. Building in blocks will be illegal- The trip from suburban home to (Mice will require h few minutes only. A penny will pay the fare. —Ladies’ Hotfte Journal. National Tmknnitting Clock. The transmitting jclock at the naval observatory in Washington, is the abso lute monarch of American timekeepers. Every day in the year, except Sunday, by one pendulum stroke, it speaks di ! rectly and instantaneously to every city and considerable towns between the peaks of the Rockies and the pipes of i Maine at high nooa. By this one clock at the national capital (together with its duplicates on the Pacific) it set nearly every .timepiece in t(ie United States and Cuba, most of those in Mexico and many on the borders of Canada. A number of clocks —from three to 3,000 — in near- every city and large town are wired t together into a local family, and, by rnpaeans Qf A BntUW*Bi |js Mw telHyiii 5. ■ - 1 —■ ■■ the parent clock at the national capital So that the Instant the electric touch is given from Washington every clock in the circuit —whether it be at Boston, Minneapolis or New Orleans —begins a new day in perfect accord with its me chanical diety. Eggi in China. From “Smor-Tidende,” a Danish jour nal, we take the following: “As China is a front topic just now, it may be of interest to quote from the Balletin Com mercial, of Brussels, a little- information with respect to the manufacture of albumen in that country. It appears that the first albumen manufactury in the far East was established in Hainan; this factory used about 1,000,000 eggs daily, but was burnt down by the na tives. Later a German firm, Stubbe and Wintgensent, started a manufactury at Wuhu, where ducks' eggs were very plentiful and cheap, then costing only about 2.60 taels per thousand, or a little over a penny a dozen. Other factories have been since established, and there are now six in China, five being in Ger man hands and one in French, but the industry is no longer remunerative and thriving as at first, and the price of eggs is new about 5.30. taels per thousand, or a little over two-pence farthing per dozen. A thousand eggs yield from 13 to 15 pounds of albumen, which is sold at about 3s per pound. The albumen is used principally in photography, the yolks of the eggs being employed in th* tanning industry.” It iB worthy of mention that a con signment of eggs from China was re cently landed in Sydney, the cost to the importer being under two-pence per dozen. The lowness of the price was questioned at the time, being regarded as impossible, but the prices quoted in the extract from Smor-Tidende shows that it is possible to land eggs from China in Sydney at two pense per dozen. —Australian Farm. Tea Culture fa America. A deal of humor has been expended on American tea gardens and no man was more ridiculed than William G. Le Due, of Minnesota, for expressing the belief when he had charge of the old agricultural bureau that American tea drinkers would one day be getting all the tea they wanted out of American soil. The South Carolina tea culture has been often described, but Mrs. Ellis writes in a more hopeful vein than others. After inaugurating tea culture in 1881 the government gave it up in 1883 on the ground that- cli matic conditions were unfavorable. Dr. Shepard, a gentleman of culture, then undertook to produce the tea and was aided by the government with tea seed from Asia. Near Summerville, S. C., he has shown that the tea plant can be successfully cultivated in the South Atlantic section of this country and tea made commercially profitable. He has overcome all alleged climatic difficulties and tested all available va rieties of tea and soils. Dr. Shepard has 75 acres planted to tea and other tea gardens have been opened. It costs 27% cents a pound to pro- «Have broken all local tec- \\ JvjJ ords and are FREE! at $355• TIGER - - $35 Twin City Bicycle « when FREE! j s==i§ $25 5 • Tigress - $251 rl&rrfsagr No More WindmillT Plenty of fresh water whether wind blow* or not, by usings FARMING HOT AIR ENGINES (SIMPLE - NOISELESS - ECONOMICAL) DAVIS GASOUNE ENGINES Smith & Zimmer, j J JOHN H. FOUCH, 4£i First Ave. So., Minaeapalis, Mian. APPARATUS ||i|ffSj| CAMERAS V'' •. ■ -\ l V.HI Of About Every Description. send por special ust. We sell some very fine Cameras retail at wholesale price. We have the largest stock and great - eat variety In the West. duce the American tea, and he sells it (at retail) at $1 a pound. He expects to reduce the cost of production to 14 cents ere long. At the wholesale sell ing price of 60 cents a pound, the pro ducer gets a profit of 22% cents a pound. It is shown that with some varieties the profit per acre is nearly S7O, while S4O is a usual profit per acre. The prospect of raising iea for home consumption is apparently good. We consume nearly 93,000,000 pounds a year of tea. If we produced it a new and profitable in dustry, employing many thousands of people, would be established. The feat does not seem impossible of accomplish ment. —Citizen. The railroad lines are consolidating. E Pluribus Unium is their motto. Mor gan has united many of the northern lines in one management and now George Gould is forming a great south ern and western combination. Very soon these two gigantic trusts >will be com bined into one and half a dozen men will have the entire travel and transporta tion of the country in their absolute control. If J. Pierpont Morgan and George Gould have brains enough to manage these great consolidations is it not like ly that the government could find men smart enough to run them under public ownership and place the profits in the national treasury instead of private ! pockets?—Central Farmer. The price of window glass will be ad vanced 25 per cent for March and April delivery, and another advance will prob ably be made in May. Chicago now owns its lighting planr and uses 4,300 electric lights. During the last year it saved S4O per light, or $172,000 for the city over what it coal under capitalism. Capitalism is nec cessary according to the brigands in order that the many may be fleeced for the benefit of the few. If all the money spent on wars were spent in taking care of the poor, pover ty would be abolished, and if a tenth, of the money that is spent on wars were spent on humane education, there would be no need of armies or battleships.— Our Dumb Animals. It is said the new glass-blowing ma chine turns out tumblers at a cost of six cents a hundred. The new Republican United States senators from Nebraska are both na tional bank presidents, and it is to be inferred that they will hardly vote for any proposition to take from the banks their present privilege of borrowing money from the government at one-half of one per cent per annum.—Missouri World. The Numbkh of this k |Q issue of the paper i 5.... "fr I Hthe number opposite your name on the colored Label is less than this number it shows that your subscription is in arrears and should be paid up at onej.