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M ' B m K m K M fl. M K K K m ADVOCATE jf OF DffiECT LEGISLATION AND GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP OF MONOPOLIES. VOLUME IX, No. 19. WHOLE NO- 435. PRIVATE VS. PUBLIC RAILROADS. Professor Frank Parsons Gives 25 Reasons Why One is Superior to the Other. Difficulties With Private Railways. 1. Wrong aim: Private profit in place of the public good, dollars and cents instead of social service, dividends for a few instead for all, ipastery and money instead of part nership and manhood. 2. Antagonism of interest between the owners and the public. 3. Lack of co-ordination or else a con solidation too vast and powerful to be safe in private hands; a giant monopoly over riding and defying the regulative power of government. 4. An economic waste of hundreds of millions a year. 5. Watered stock and inflated capital, about half the capitalization of our rail roads being fictitious, according to Poor * and other high authorities. 6. No effort to free transportation from capital charges by the progressive cancella tion of bonded or other indebtedness, but on the contrary, a progressive piling up of capital without even the writing off of de preciation. 7. Higher charges than need be; an ef fort to obtain all the traffic will bear. 8. Fluctuating and chaotic rates favor ing speculation but throwing honest pre vision off its hinges. 9. Unjust discrimination between per sons, places, and industries. Free passes, secret rebates, differential preferences, etc. 10. Excessive reduction of rates at competitive points and overcharges on lo cal traffic to the injury of the country dis tricts and the over rapid growth of the cities. 11. No effort to relieve the pressure in the tenement districts of the great cities. 12. Defiance of law when it interferes with powerful railroad interests. „ 13. Purchase of legislation when prac ticable and useful to railroad interests. 14. Building and sustaining other mon opolies and trusts, by privileges that en able them to control the markets. 15. Creating millionaires and disturbing the fair distribution of .vealth. 16. A cause at times, of industrial dis turbances and depression and even panic. 17. Gambling in railway stocks and manipulation of their value by see-sawing traffic; withholding dividends, or paying unearned profits, etc. 18. Exorbitant salaries for managers, with long hours, low wages, blacklisting, and other unfair treatment for ordinary em ployes, and disturbance of industry by peri odic strikes. 19. Insufficient regard to safety of em ployes, passengers and the public. 20. Imperfect co-ordination with the military departments in time of war. 21. Injury to political honesty and good government through railway lobbies and the corrupting pressure of enormous pri ' vate interests. 22. Great opportunity for success by fraud and indirection. (Read Wealth Against Commonwealth.) 23. Moral debasement of business men and degradatioh of the ideas of youth. 24. The payment of public moneys and gift of public lands to build railroads to be owned by private corporations and man aged for their profit. 25. Private railways mean sovereign power in private hands—not only the sov ereign power of modifying or nullifying the traffic on imports, but the sovereign power to regulate commerce between our cities and states, to determine the distribution of wealth, the success or failures of individ uals, the growth of cities, the development of the country, the life or death of indus tries, the power to tax the people without representation and for private purposes.' Clear Recognition of Class Struggle. The Ohio state committee of the Social ist party has sent the following communi cation to the Union Mutual Life Insurance Company, of Portland, Me., the concern which discharged from its employ Harry C. Thompson, nominee for governor on the Socialist ticket, who for years had filled the position of cashier in the Cincinnati office of the company, and whose only fault was that he had joined the Socialist movement: Union Mutual Life Insurance Co., Port land, Me.—Gentlemen: We are informed that you have terminated the contract of Mr. Harry C. Thompson as cashier of your Cincinnati agency, stating, “we are positive that it will not be for the best interests of this company to retain in its employ a per son holding the views of a Socialist or who belongs to any party organization which aims to destroy the conditions under which only it is possible for institutions like our own to exist and prosper.” Mr. Thompson is the nominee of the So cialist party for governor of Ohio. This ac tion of yours is of more importance than its personal effect on him; though all people who hold human life and character as sac red as we do, will join with us in stating that it is a matter of very serious import. If a representative corporation attacks a representative individual for his views upon economics and government, we desire that the issue which you have so clearly stated should be fullv considered. The Socialists believe in insurance, but are convinced that the evolution of human life and needs call for a readjustment of the manner and results of its operation. If the interests of the people are not identical with those of the corporations, it is only a question of time before the corporations must give way. We believe in evolution and the power behind evolution. The Literary Digest for September 28 contains several articles which show that economic questions are becoming of great er national importance every day, and are not matters of concern only to what you consider an insignificant Socialist party. History records many an evolution and rev olution of the common people against which rulers and money interests have set themselves in vain. Socialists are the pa- MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1901. Workers feed the Animal while Wall Street does the rest. We would be glad to discuss this ques would let no one touch it. This time there W ewould be glad to discuss this ques tion with you as with any other people; but do not know that this would be wel come to you. Therefore we simply ask that you kindly inform us if you wish your action in this case to be mterpreted v, as be ginning a class war. Socialism means that the interests of the whole people are para mount to those of a few individuals. Yours very truly, Ohio State Committee, Socialist Party, W. G. CRITCHLOW, Secretary Dayton, 0., October 5, 1901. Working for the Drones. Bolton Hall, in The Pilgrim. It feel upon a day that I would instruct my Son, therefore I read unto him from the book of “Equality” these words, saying, “There was a certain very dry land, and all the water was brought together in one place, and there did the capitalists make a great tank for to hold it.” “Why didn’t the people make some tanks?” asked the boy. “Because,” said I, “banking laws prevent ed them; don’t interrupt.” And the capi talists said unto the people: “For every bucket of water that ye bring to us, that we may pour it into the tank, which is the Market, behold! we will give you a penny, but for every bucket that we shall draw forth to give unto you, ye shall give us two pennies, and the difference shall be our profit, seeing that if it were not for this profit we would not do this thing for you, but ye should all perish.” Said my son, “Why didn’t the people drink the water instead of putting it into the tank?” “Because,” said I, “it didn’t belong to them at all; do be quiet.” “And it was good in the people’s eyes, for they were dull of understanding. And after many days, the water tank, which was the Market, over flowed at the top, seeing that for every bucket the people poured in they received only so much as would buy again half a bucket.” “I would think,” said the boy, “that these people would have drawn water for themselves, and left the tank to rot.” “I told you before,” said I, “that they were not allowed. Please let me go on.” And the capitalists said to the people: Again interrupted my boy, “Weren’t any of the people capitalists themselves, in a small wav?” And I said, “be quiet, please.” “See ye not the tank, which is the Mar ket doth overflow ? Sit ye down, therefore, and be patient, for ye shall bring up no V- i r-'Y.W?’ <r h ty: , *■ • *?■- ic- more water until the tank be empty.” And the saying went abroad, it is a cri- _ • 99 SIS. My boy asked me, “Why didn’t the peo ple get together and say we won’t have any tion another time. You’re spoiling my more of this plan?” “Because/’ said" I, “each one was trying to get ahead of the rest instead of helping them. That’s a foolish question.” “And the thirst of the people was great, for it was not now as it had been in the days of their fathers, when the land was open before them, for every one to seek water for himself, seeing that the capitalists had taken all the springs, and the wells, and the water wheels, and the vessels, and the buckets, so that no man might come by the water save from the tank which was the Market.” “Why didn’t they want to take the wheels and the buckets ?” said my son, “when they could have charged two pennies for draw ing from the springs?” “Because,” said I, “I’ll answer this ques story.” “Well, pa,” said the child, “didn’t the capitalists really begin by getting the springs? If they didn’t, they had no more sense than the story. If I—” “Well, you see, my boy,” I said “the trouble with you is that you are not fit to discuss this matter, because you haven’t read ‘Des Kapital.’ ” * * * You see, it is no use to teach little fools whose questions are embarrassing.—Appeal to Reason. A Trust’s Earning Power. A New York financial journal has made an analysis of the wealth producing capac ity of the United States Steel corporation, particularly known as the steel trust, and the result of its investigations is really as tonishing. In six months, according to its own of ficial statement, this gigantic trust cleared over $54,000,000 in profits. This is a sum so large that it cannot be readily compre hended, excepting by comparison. The comptroller of the currency in his report for the year 1900 gives the net earn ings of the 3,871 national banks in the country as $69,681,000. In other words if the profits of the steel trust for the next six months are as great as for £he past six, it will earn for its stockholders $40,000,000 more than all the national banks in the United States. It is further pointed out that 12 of the greatest railroad systems in the country, comprising 37,598 miles of road, earned last year only $109,370,000, while the trust rolls up profits at the rate of $108,000,000 yearly. It is not to be wondered that a corpora tion of such magnitude fears neither the working man nor the law.—St. Paul Daily News. $1 A YEAR IN ADVANCE NEW PARTY WINS. San Francisco is Swept by the Union Labor Party. Old Parties Suddenly Abandoned and a New Organization Formed. San Francisco, Nov. 6.—The complete vote for mayor is: Schmitz, Union Labor, 21,806; Wells, Republican, 17,697; Tobin, Democrat, 12,684. The Union Labor party was organized as a result of the strike of teamsters, stevedores, marine firemen and other water front employees last summer. The labor men voted solid for the head of the ticket, but scattered their votes on can didates for other offices. They may elect three supervisors. The patronage offices were won by the Republicans, and the Democrats will elect nine out of eighteen supervisors. Under the new charter the mayor has great power and appoints the boards of education, public works, police, park and fire commissioners. The complete returns for sheriff are: Lackman, Republican, 26,788. Loughery, Union Labor, 17,488; Wardell, Democrat, 6,180. But One Weapon Left. Here is a new one. Judge Kohlsaat is making a reputation for himself as an en joiner. The weapons of labor are usually regarded as the strike, the boycott, the union label and the ballot. A Kansas City judge has established a precedent for en joining men from striking. Judge Woods tried to prevent the leaders of the A. R. U. from declaring a strike. Judge Kohlsaat, the arch enjoiner, has ruled that picketing in any form is Unlawful, and hence if the above precedents hold true, labor can be stripped of every means of calling and car rying on a strike. Now the boycott and the union label have been given a taste of the judiciary’s “cure-all,” as a remedy for labor’s dissatisfaction. Judge Kohlsaat last week issued an injunction against the Cus tom Clothing Makers’ union, restraining its officers and members from interfering with the business of a Cincinnati clothing firm by issuing a circular stating that the firm is unfair to organized labor. By the order the union can not inform labor unions and papers that the firm is un fair to organized labor, and that it refuses to use the label of their union. During the last few years every weapon, used by labor for the purpose of assisting it in bettering working conditions, has been given, at various times, damaging blows by those from whom they should be least expected. There is an excuse for employers to adopt every means within their power to embarrass the situation of striking em ployes, but for the servants of the people to do this, upon the merest pretense is treading upon dangerous soil. It is getting so that it is almost impos sible for labor to make a united effort for better conditions without coming in con tact with the law, if not statutory it is “judge-made” law. What is regarded as criminal today, was conceded to be right several years ago. There is, however, one weapon that can not be enjoined, and which labor does not seem to know how to use; yet it is the most powerful and effective, and at the same time the most peaceful when used rightly—THE BALLOT. Politicians and others may advise against it, but labor must sooner or later make use of it. It must learn to vote together as well as to strike together.—Labor World.