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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, June 05, 1886, Image 1

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?*,r I
A Review of Irish Afiairs—T'oe Confidence
in Parnell and the Peacefu] Atti
tude of the Nationalists.
Wov.id They Fight Or is it All Smoke
and 3To Fir*. ?—Probably
the Latter.
Perhaps at no time in the history of
Ireland has the interest in politics
been so intense as at present. All eyes
are tamed towards Westminster, and
the progress of the Home Rule bill is
closely watched by many who have
hitherto refrained from particapating
in anything affecting the National
movement. For the first ten days after
the bill was introduced by Mr. Glad
stone and Mr. Parnell had declared
that it would satisfy the aspirations of
the people of Ireland, the Nationalist
feeling was one of pride and satisfac
tion that the Home Rule bill had at
last advanced from the stage of agita
tion to that of legislation. Even the
admitted strength of the forces arrayed
against the bill did not suggest the
possibility of its defeat. The confid
dence of victory was strengthened by
the almost unanimous delarations of
the .Liberal associations of England in
favor of Mr. Gladstone's proposals.
There is no disguising the fact that
within the past two or three days the
Nationalists' hopes for a speedy solu
tion of the problem has been gradually
ebbing away.
Mr. Chamberlain's irreconcilability
has deeply disappointed the National
ists. He had, by reason of his {.devious
declarations oil the subject of Irish
government, been counted as a certain
supporter of a complete scheme of
Irish legislative independence. The
modification of section 24 of the bill, as
commented on in The Irish. Stand­
last week, in no wise damped the
ardor of the Nationalists. What they
most desire is that the principle of an
Irish Parliament should be confirmed
oa the second reading by the British
House of Commons.
Mr. Parnell never had the confidence
•of the vast majority of his countrymen
more completely behind him than at
this moment. The attitude of concilia
tion displayed by the Irish members iu
the House of Commons and their de
sire to let bygones be bygones is closely
followed by the Nationalists through
out Ireland. They have taken no act
'te part in the recent demonstrations,
projected meetings have been aban
doned at the desire o£ Mr. Parnell, and
every occasion which might have beexi
seized to express even a legitimate feel
ing of exultation has been-scrupulously
avoided. There has also been, happily,
an almost total absence of social dis
turbances throughout the country, and
this coupled with the latitude given to
"loyalists" to hold their meetings
undisturbed, even in the greatest Na
tionalist centres, has created the most
favorable impression. We believe that
only one unpleasant conflict in which
National sympathizers have partici
pated has occurred si nee the introduc
tion of Mr. Gladstone's Home Eule
measure. The individual case referred
to happened, at Aldershot, May 25.
Some members of the Inniskillen Fu
silier!? stationed at that place attended
a Conservative meeting on that
date, at which some of the
orators savagely denounced Home Eule
and described the Irish pepple as being
unfit for self government. The Eu
sileers became enraged at the speakers
and attacked them aud their support
ers. The police were called in to pro
tect the speakers, and a fight ensued
between them and the Irish soldiers.
The comrades of the Eusileers went to
their assistance and the police were
badly whipped and driven away. They
secured reinforcements, however, and,
returning, arrested five soldiers.
Independent of the eritism to which
the measure is subjected, perhaps the
subject that is attracting the most at
tention is the belligerent attitude of the
Ulster Orangemen. The Irl&i
editor has been shown a
copy of the Belfast News Letter of
May 11, which contains an extraordin
ary advertisement. The News Letter
is the organ of the Orangemen and
Conservatives of Ulster, and there is
no reason to believe the notice is a
practical joke. Kead it:
"KIFLES.—Tenders required for
20,000 Sniders in good order, with bay
onets or swords, to be delivered, car
riage paid, on or before June 1, in lots,
at certain stations on Northern Coun
ties railway, as may be required by
purchaser. Address Vigilance Com
mittee, 8,835, Office of thi3 paper."
This is very plain talk, and if such a
notice appeared in a Nationalist paper
it would probably result in its suspen
dU^v.£yerybody knows that Ulster
OGMiff&nen hot-headed* but we
Wf A'

earnestly believe they would reconsider
their original proposition to fight, and
would never think of going further
than parading the streets of Belfast on
the 12th of July, with stones in their
pockets, and keeping time to the in
spiring air of a song which relates how
a former king oi! England named Wil
liam accomplished the marvellous
nautical feat of
It is wonderful the number and va
riety of excuses which certain Liberals
are giving for their desertion of Glad
stone. Jesse Collings, with cool effron
tery asserts that Gladstone deserted
the Liberals and sprung schemes with
out warning or consultation. Other
excuses equally as barren of reason
have been advanced by Liberals of the
Collings stripe.
Lord Randolph Churchill's spite
ful attack
Gladstone Wednes­
day night was not received with much
It is thought a division will not be
reached before Tuesday night, or per
haps later.
"Died for Ireland" is the inscription
on a stone which has just been erected
in the Catholic cemetery of Dublin to
the memory of O'Donnell, who was
hanged in Newport for shooting the in
former James Carey on board the Mel
rose Castle steamship off Port Eliza
Lord Beaoonsfield's Views,
The London Daily News reproduced
the speeches made by Benjamin Dis
raeli in the Commons in 1844. Disraeli,
in summing up the Irish question, said:
"Ireland is teeming with a starving
population, suffers from absentee aris
tocracy, an alien Church, and the weak
est executive in the world. The only
remedy is revolution, which' is pre
vented by a connection with powerful
England. Therefore England is logi
cally in the odious position of being the
cause of the misery in Ireland. The
duty of an English minister, therefore,
is to effect by his policy all the changes
which revolution would do forcibly.
That is the Irish question in its in
tegrity. The moment you have a strong
executive, religious equality, and just
administration you will have order in
Ireland." Had the British House of
Commons followed out this plan, they
would probably have prevented a large
amount of strife which has prevailed in
Ireland the past half century,
the Boyne
water, on July the first, in the morning
clear, in the year 1690."
But what concerns us most here
in America is that the Canadian
Orangemen have offered to assist their
truly loyal" brethren in Ulster to the
tune of 80,000 strong. If this 30,000
would be composed of Canadian Orange
men, as we have seen them in the days
gone ty, we do not think the defenders
of Gladstone's Home Eule measure
would have much to fear. We would
ask the Canadian brethren how would
they like to encounter 30,000 men like
the following Royal Irish Private,"
who recently writes a letter to a Lon
don paper, which throws some light on
all the talk of English officers going
over to Ireland to lead the Orangeman.
His statements are well worth record
ing in the present extraordinary posi
tion of affairs in the country:
"Has it ever occurred to these officers
that there are privates and corporals
and sergeants in Her Majesty's army—
Irishmen loving their own country and
loyal to her? Do you think, sir, we
would stand by to see our countrymen
and co-religionists mowed down by
landlords' sons and Orangemen and not
stir a finger? No, sir, by G—no."
The "Royal Irish Private'' goes on to
say that there are nearly one thousand
Irishmen in his regiment, and more
than thirty thousand of them in the
British army. Then he continues:
the officers go to fight for the
Orangemen, we, sir—I speak for the
men in my regiment—will desert and
join our fellow-Catholics and fellow
countrymen. The Orangemen have not
reckoned on us. but they may have to,
and God help them if they ever do. I
have never spoken treason against Her
Majesty, and at this moment I would
lay down my life to serve her at her
bidding, but Ireland, my dear land, is
first in my thoughts. Sir., the Irish
soldiers in the army are loyal and
brave, as even our English calumnia
tors admit, but they follow events as
well as our little snobs of officers, and
although they do not bluster they are
ready. Irish soldiers have built up
your Empire, aud at the end of it all"
they are not going to see their own kith
and kin slaughtered by snobs and
Orangemen. Sir, fair is fair. In Ire
land people are not allowed to carry
arms or drill. But the Irish soldiers,
whose loyalty has never been ques
tioned, are the natural protectors of the
people. If it does come to blows, if the
landlords rise against the Queen's au
thority and the Parliament of the realm,
the Irish soldiers will put down the re
bellion. But may God in I-Iis mercy
grant that things may go on peaceful."
Death at New York on Tuesday After
noon of the Noted Demo
cratic Politician.
He Always Lived a Good
Wished to Die a
Catholic and
John Kelly, the chief of Tammany
Hall, died at his residence in New
York city Tuesday afternoon. Mr.
Kelly had been ill tor some months.
During the last few weeks he seemed
to be comparatively wall, but on Sun
day last at 8 p. m., he was taken with
an attack of fainting, and he became
weaker afterwards. Monday he was
worse, but Tuesday morning an im-
proyement was apparent. At noon,
however, he began to sink, and the ap
proach of the end was realized. He
died at 3:20. Mr. Kelly's death was
painless, though he was conscious to
the last. Only Mrs. Kelly and her two
children were present when the patient
passed away. Mrs. Kelly was pros
trated by the blow.
It was not for several hours after
Mr. Kelly's death that the fact was
generally known throughout the city.
In fact, prominent leaders of Tammany
hall wore not aware of it until they
were informed by reporters. At 8:20 p.
m. Police Justice Gorman, treasurer
of Tammany hall, and one of Mr. Kel
ly's oldest and closest personal and pol
itical friends, who lives only two blocks
from the late chieftain's residence, did
not know that Mr. Kelly was dead.
When the confirmed news spread
throughout the city, it was too late for
Tammany hall, or any of the district
associations, except that of the Fourth
ward, to meet and pass resolutions of
regret. During the early evening there
were few visitors at the bouse of Man
ning. Among those who did call were
Grand Sachem and Ex-Congressman P.
Henry Dugro. Police Justices Duffy
and Gorman and Commissioner Bren
nan have charge of the funeral arrange
ment for the famity. The sexton of
the Fifth Avenue Roman Catholic
cathedral took charge of the body.
Mrs. Kelly and Mr. Kelly's sisters had
been in careful attendance upon the
sick man for a long time and Mrs. Kel
ly was thoroughly prostrated by the
final event. Late Tuesday evening,
Mr. Brennan announced that the fun
eral would take place to-day (Saturday)
at the cethedral. A solemn requiem
mass will be celebrated over the re
mains. From Mrs. Kelly Commission
er Brennan learned the incidents mark
ing Mr. Kelly's closing hours. He
knew he was about to die, and was per
fectly resigned to die. "I have always
tried to live as a good Catholic," he
said, "and I wish to die a good Catho
lic. I wish for the services of the
Church when I am dead, but I want no
demonstration, no display. I want my
funeral to be plain and simple."
Undertaker Hart has embalmed the
remains and they will be buried, Cal
vary cemetery in the plot where lie the
remains of Mr. Kelly's first wife and
the children of whom she was the
mother. Dr. Edward Keyes, who at
tended Mr. Kelly throughout his illness
says that his patient had been in fail
ing health for two years. The nerve
forces were impaired and all the func
tions were deranged in consequence.
He made strong efforts to regain his
health, but they were all futile. He
finally acknowledged that it was use
less to hope for recovery and for six or
eight mohths past he had confessed he
was dying. At times he was much de
pressed in spirits, but at no time was
his intelligence impaired. He retained
that throughout.
John Kelly was born in New York
city, and was the son of poor, hard
working Irish parents. The poverty of
his surroundings prevented the boy
from receiving more thaa a brief term
at the public schools, whieh formed the
basis of his later greatness. He drifted
about the city and learned to "put up
his hands" in the matter of boxing.
Afterward he learned the trade of a
grate setter, and made a good deal of
money in legitimate business. When
Tweed was at the culmination of his
criminal career Kelly was traveling in
Europe, where he spent a year or two
and learned French and German with
his wife as teacher and he came home
in time to fmd an honest leader wanted.
He completed the rout of the ring and
wheeled Tammany hali into line with
the reform element. In 1876 he became
comptroller and reduced the city's debt
for the first time in its history. From
1860 to 1876 the debt of New York
steadily increased till it had reached
the enormous sum of $112,000,000. Kelly
increased revenues and reduced expen
ses, and during his four years' term he
actually diminished the debt of the city
no less than $12,000,000. His lecture
on the Catholic missions has brought
in $100,000 to charities. He was a
frank, straightforward, downright
speaker, and his earnestness always in
terested his audience. The first office
Kelly held was that of alderman, and
he was elected as a "reformer." Then
he beat the notorious Mike Walsh for
congress, sewing one term. Then he
served two terms as sheriff. He was
worth at least $1,000,000 and re
ceived more applications for private
charity than any other New Yorker.
The greater portion" of his possessions
consisted in up-town real estate in
New York. Mr. Kelly was a close and
studious reader. One of his oft-quoted
sayings was uttered in a speech to
Tammany: "Study the character and
methods of Thomas Jefferson, and pa?
leas attention to Pat Rooney."
speech, alow Sand deliberate, also
was strikingly like that of the dead
general. Mr. Kelly, as a newspaper
man, was very little known except by
his most intimate friends, and yet the
New York Star was the. organ of Tam
many hail and one of the greatest poli
tical machineries ever known to his
tory. If he had not been a born politi
cian he would have been a great editor.
All the time he could spare from his
political duties in guiding his party in
New York was devoted to his paper,
Mr. Kelly was bitterly opposed to
Cleveland on purely personal grounds,
and the columns of the Star reflected
his opinions. Though the Tammany
organization was supporting Cleveland
for the presidency, it was not until the
last week of the campaign that the
paper had anything save abuse of the
Democratic candidate. Kelly's friends
remonstrated with him foi this and he
always replied that the paper belonged
to him and he would do as he pleased
with it. The evening that Cleveland
was nominated Sanderson was in
state of mind bordering on distraction.
Kelly was in Chicage and he did not
know what to say about the nomina
tion. He knew that
and he waited in vain to hear from
Kelly. Finally in despair he tele
graphed to biin: What shall we say
in the morning?" The answer was
characteristic of the man, "Say noth
ing." The leading editorial in the
morning was a sober article on The
Concord School of Philosophy, that had
been lying around the office for months.
That was the policy pursued by the
paper for over a week, while the coun
try waited for Kelly to say something.
He did say something one morning, and
the Democracy began to fear that it
could not elect Cleveland. During this
campaign Kelly received about 500 let
ters of a threatening character. He
was told that he could not possibly
hope to live if Cleveland were defeated.
He was to be held responsible for it,
and the manner of bis death was
graphically described. These letters
had more to do with Kelly's final
breaking down than most people are
willing to admit. They preyed upon
bis mind to such an extent that he
could not sleep, and the last week of
his campaign he switched his paper to
Cleveland, and gave orders to Tam
many Hall followers that they must
under all circumstances vote and work
for the Democratic nominee.
I- E
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John Kelly was not unlike Gen. Grant.
Like Grant he had a square face, a
square chin, a square, broad head,
square shoulders, and cropped close his
hair and beard like Grant. His man
A Powerful and Pathetic Poem by O'Dono*
van Eossa Which He Who Beads
Oan Never Forget.
"This Load of Oiay Will Break Her Bones,
I fear, For When Alive She
Wasn't Over Strong."
When O'Donovan Rossa was in pris
on in England he wrote the powerful
and deeply pathetic poem of ''Jillen
Andy," a study from Irish life which
he who reads can never forget. In his
"Prison Life," Rossa says: "Jillen
Andy lived at the other side of the
street in Rosscarberrv when I was a
child. Her husband, Andy Hayes, was
a linen weaver aud worked for my fath
er ere I was born. He died, too, before
I came into the world, but when I did
come I think I formed the acquaintance
of Jillen as soon as I did that of my
mother. Jillen was left a widow with
four helpless children, and all the
neighbors were kind to her. The eldest
of the sons 'listed, and the first sight I
got of a red coat was when he came
home on furlough. The other three
sons were Charley, Tbade and Andy.
Charley died in '65. Andy 'listed, and
died in Bombay, and Tbade and his
mother fell victims to the famine of '47.
Thade met me one day, and spoke to
me as state In the following lines. I
went to the graveyard with him. I
dag, and he shovelled up the earth till
the grave was about two feet deep.
Then he talked about it being deep
enough, that there would be too great
a load on her, and that he could stay
up and "watch" her for some time. By
and-by we saw four or five men coming
in the church gate with a door on their
shoulders bearing the cofiinless Jillen,
She was laid in the grave. Her head
did not rest firmly on the atone on
which it was pillowed, and as it would
turn aside and rest on the cheek when
I. took my hand away from it, one of
the men asked me to hand him the
stone. I did so, and covering it with a
red spotted handkerchief he took out of
his pocket, he gave it- to me again, and
I settled Jillen's head steadily on it.
Then I was told to loose the strings
to take out a pin that appeared,, to lay
her apron over her face, and come up.
To this day I can see how softly the
man handled the shovel, how quietly
he laid the earth down at her feet, how
the heap kept rolling and creeping up
until it covered her head, and how the
big men pulled their hats over their
"Come K) the graveyard if you're not afraid,
J.'m going- to dig mymoibers grave, sUe's
And --rariT. some one that '.Till bring-the epiuie,
A Harp of Ivy From Tom Moore,
Poet's, Grave.
A harp of ivy from Torn Moore's
grave in Brompton churchyard, with
strings of golden immortelles, one
string broken, was among the decora
tions deposited about: Tom Moore's
bust in Central Park, New York, by a
committee of the Gaelic society of that
For Andy's out of home, and Charge's sick in
Tbade Andy
a simple spoken fool,
With "whom iu early days I loved to fife-oil,
He'd often take me on his back i.o school,
And make the master laugh irimeelf. he was
so droll.
In songs and ballade he took great deilgkt,
And prophecies of Ireland yet beiny freed,
And Binging theai by our fireside at night,
I learned songe from Thade before I learned
to read.
And 1 have still by heart" his "Colleen
His "Croppy Boy," hie "Phajnix of the
And I could rise" his'• Rising of the Moon,"
If I could sing in prison cell—orsing at ail.
He'd walk the "eeriest" place a moonlight
He'd whistle in the dark—even in bod.
ftl fairy fort or graveyard, Thade was quite
As fearless ol: a ghost as any ghost of Thade.
yrow ia the dark churchyard we work away,
The shovel in his hand, in mine the spade,
And seeing Thade ery I cried myself that day,
For Thade was fond of ine and I was fond of
But after twenty years why now will such
A bubbling spring up to my eyelids start?
Ah! there be things that ask sot leave to
The fountain of the eyea or feelings of the
This load of clay will break her bones, I fear,
For when alive she wasn't over strong.
We'll dig no deeper, I can watch her here,
A month or so, sure nobody will do me
Four men bear Jillen on a door—'tis light,
They have not much of Jillen but her frame.
No mourners oomo, for 'lis believed the sight
Of any death or sickness now begets the
And those brave hearts that volunteer to
Plague-stricken death are tender as they're
They raise poor Jillen from her tainted couch,
And shade their swimming eyes while laying
her in the grave.
I stand within that grave, nov wide nor deep,
The slender wasted body at my feet,
What wonder ia it if strong men will weep
O'er famine-stricken Jillen in her winding
Her head I try to pillow on a Etono.
But it will hang one side, as if the breath
Of famine gaunt into the carpsehsd blown,
And blighted in the nerves the rigid strength
of death.
"Hand me that stone, child." In his hands 'tis
Down-obannelling his cheeks are tears like
The stone within his handkerchief is cased,
And men I pillow on it Jillen's head again.
•:Uutie the nightcap string,"
So that tbe earth won't touch her lips or
blinds her cyea-"
Don't grasp the shovel too tightly—there maky
a heap.
Steal down each shovelful quietly—there, let
it creep
Over her poor body lightly: friend, do not
Tears would disturb old Jillen in her last
long sleep.
And Thade was faithful to his watch and witrd:
Where'er he'd spend the day, at night, he!S
With his few sods of turf to taut churchyard,
Where he "was Jaid himsell before the moalli
was past.
Then Andy died a soldieri fij in Bombay,
And Charlie died in Host? the othnr day.
Now, no one lives to blush because I say
That Jillen Andy weni un:oflined to the clay,
E'en all fire gone that buried Ji.V!
on, save
One bunfebed man who dead alive remains
The little boy that stood within tho grave
stands for his country's i-ause io Bngtturf's
prison chains.
How oft in dreams that burial scene appears,
Through death, eviction, prison, exUe, homo,
Through /ill the suaa and )••.•
It takes an Irishman or Irishwoman
brought up among the Irish-speaking
people to understand several passages
in "Jillen Andy:'—
"He'd wallc the 'eeriest' place a moonlight
'Tis of a moonlight night the fairies
are out moat.,
'•iTe'd whistle in the darlf—even in bed."
W histiin? in the dark brings on the
fairies-~-particularly whistling in bed*
Untie tbf uteht-eap string-, unloose that lace,
Take out thai pin," Ac.
To tie anything, or pin anything:
around a. corpse, and bury the corpse so
pinned or 1:ie4, prevents the spirit frora
coming to see as—keeps the spirit liod
and in prison in the otber world.
"foittrs would disturb poor Jillen in l\er lasfc
loutf aieep,"
If you cry over a. corpse in Ireland
every tear you drop on the corpse^
clothes will burn a hole in those clothes
in the other world. All strings are cut
or loosed and all pins taken out before
the corpse is put in the colfm.
The Arms Act.
The prime lainister himself remains
firm and confident in the support o£
the country, cables James J. O'Kelly to
the New York Herald. The monotony
of the proceedings in Parliament was
broken on Thursday by the introduc
tion of the ar 1113 bill. It was merely a
measure continuing for two years ths
arms act now in force.
•X ,-r&UV.KW ism
?•&&"% ?,'* '*&
A *m ?t i-rMl
Unloose iht!,i
"Take out that pin," "There, now, she'
But lay tee apron first across her face,
of twenty
And ohl how short these years compared
with years to come,
Some thintfe are elrontfly on lite mi ml 3nv
Ana other faintly imaged there, if. seems
And this Is why, when reason sinks -e3i,
Phases of life rio ehow arid nhadow forth i?s
And this is why ia dreams I ivm the face
Of Jilien Andy looking in my own,
The poet-huiH'ted man—the pi How-case.
The spottv--*i s&udkerebief that softened the
hard sti,.
Welcome t'aosv.' nieruories of scenes of youth,
!Phftfcnurs$l my \uite of tyranny and vreng
That heltoeci my manhood in the path of troth,
And kelp rne now to suffer calmly and be
Rossa, writing last week to John
Boyle O'Beilly,saysof ''Jillen
former oc»
casions the Irish party strenuously re
sisted this measure, but as it was cer
tain to be carried by a combination be
tween the government and the opposi
tion, it decided to let it pass with
out a protest, on guarantees being pub
licly given that it would be put in force
against all parties in Ireland. Hither
to the arms act have been wholly di
rected against the Nationalists, and as
their arms have been mostly taken
away Mr. Morley's act can do them
no injury, but it will enable the gov
ernment to deprive tbe Orangemen of
arms mease of. riot or outrage. Tho
debate, on the bill was animated and
somewhat volcanic, and recalled vivid
ly the old fighting dajs of the Irish par
ty. Mr. Farnell opened fire by describ
ing Lord Salisbury, Lord Randolph
Churchill and Mr. Chamberlain cf, the
three Orange leaders, and pointing orit
their incitements to violence and re
bellion in Ulster. Later on Churchill
boldly stood to his guns, declaring that
rebellion was a sacred constitutional
right. Mr. Gladstone, later on, de
nounced Churchill for treasonable ut
terances, calling attention to the grav
ity of such teaching, from an ex-minis
ter and actual privy councillor and
calling on the noble lords, his colleag-1,
ues, to separate themselves from his,0
seditious utterances. This appeal,,
however, had no effect, because ^yhile
the Tory party object strongly to vio- j.
lenee being directed against their ownv
order, they are quite willing it should
be used in support of their own inter
ests. ^'l/.
»sV A'

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