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LAYING St. THE CORNER-STONE. Tiie Impressive Ceremonies Attending the Laying of the Corner-Stone of the Catholic Orphan Asylum, BISHOP IRELAND'S' ADDRESS, Se Urges All Tro.e Catholics to Take a Deep In ceres in the Charitable restitutions Connected With the Church, THE TEST OF TRUE RELIGION, ''Before Our Blessed Lord Appeared on. Earth. There was but Little Charity, if Any, in the World," THE POOR WERE ABANDONED. Description of a Structure Which' will be an Everlasting Monument of the Charity of the Catholics, of this City. According to announcement the cor ner-stone of the new Catholic Or phan Asylum, at the corner of Chi cago avenue and Forty-eighth street, wars laid last Sunday. The ex ercises were carried out under the direction of a committee from, the Crusaders' Total Abstinence society, namely Messrs. J. J. Smith, M. J. Kennedy and John O'Brien, Jr., of the Immaculate Conception parish, and consisted of a grand parade of the a iff event Catholic organizations of the city. The procession was one of the most impressive that has passed through the streets of Minneapolis for a long time, the organizations appear ing in the full regalia of their respec tive orders, and carrying their hand some flag3 and banners. There were two divisions made up in the following order .FIRST DIVISION. J. J. Smith, (fraud Martshal, on horse. Millard & Thyle's baud, 24 pieecs. Orphan boys, 30 iu number. St. Vim-nut cle Paul Socioty, 40 men, Crusaders T. A. Society, 15 men. Immaculate Conception Benevolent Socioty, 50 me u. Father Mathrr.v T. A. Society, 40 men. St. Ctotiliio Society of North Minneapolis, 60 men. St. Joseph's Society of North Minneapolis, CO men. Cadets of Immaculate Conception parish, 30 bo.TO. Anthony of Padua Society, 25 men. St. Jeart Baptiiste Society, 60 men. St. Joseph's Union society, East Side, 80 men. SECOND DIVISION. Matt Grose and A.LaBrash, assistant marshals. Sidwell's banc!, 10 pieces. Division No. 1, A, O. H., 80 men. Division. No.2, A. O, H., 40 men. Division No. 3, A. O. H., 45 men. St. Mary'a Total Abstinence Socioty, 10 men. Citizens in carriages. The procession made a prompt start from Third street and Third avenue north, and marched off while the bands played that old and inspiring'air "St. Patrick's Day." The route taken was through Washington and Hennepin avenues around the city hall, up Nicollet avenue to Tenth street, to First rivenue, where the societies waited for the motor train. On. ac count of some misunderstanding the' procession was compelled to halt at this point for an hour or more, under a broiling sun. But at last the train slowed up, and the boys got aboard and were carried dowu as far as Thirty seventh street. Here the procession re formed and marched to the asylum. The "s exercises of laying the corner-stone were entered upon soon after the grounds were- reached. The unformed bodies fell into line in front of the build ing, while the mammoth assemblage of spectators stood in the rear. The cor ner-stone was ready to be put into its place, near the south-west corner of the foundation. It was an oblong block of Kasota. stone about five feet in length and fifteen inches in height,with the following words cut on its face: CATHOLIC OltPHAN ASYLUM OF itl.NNi'.APOlVIS. Erected 1S86. A high platform had been erected for the carrying out of the service. On it were seated the officiating clergy, di rectors of the Orphau Asylum associa tion, the choir of the Church of the Im maculate Conception and guests. Bish op Ireland arrived in a carriage soon after the societies appeared on the grounds. He was vested and was at tended by Fathers McGolrick and Fitz gerald of Minneapolis and Father Plut of St. Paul. Fathers Kenny, O'Reilly and Degnault were also present. The priests were dressed in their robes of office, and in the bright sun the royal purple and crimson and gold stood out brilliantly against the dark background .made by the brick wall of the asylum. The following is the dedicatory ad dress of the Eight Rev." Bishop Ire land: '•We are assembled here to lay the •orner stone of the Catholic Orphan Asylum of Minneapolis, to invoke God:s blessing upon this institution of char ity and upon the generous Catholics who are contributing to its erection. It is an important and a solemn occas ion not simply because of the magnifi cent structure which is being erected, as because of the many and n.oble pur poses to which it is designated. As we look forward to-the future years we can well imagine how much good will be done beneath the roof of structure. We can well imagine how many souls will be brought-nearer to God, saved from misery and wretchedness. We can well imagine how much lion or, through the workings of this institution, will be conferred upon your city, upon the Church Catholics under whose auspices we are laying this corner stone, and how much glory shall be rendered to Omnipotent Himself, who has inspired this?work and who will bless and re ward those contributing to it. Charity, my dear brethren, is the verv soul of practical religion. It is the test of true religion. God made the hearts of men to love him, but God himself is invisible and apparently remote J'rom us. That we might then have opportunities to give practical evidence of our. love for him, approving to our own satisfaction that we do love hj.m, lie put in the world his .representatives those needing love from us, and bade us go to their assistance and-love them, promising that what we would do for them he would accept as done for him self. Before our blessed Lord ap peared on the earth there was but little charity, if any, in the world. The Pa gan world had many material excelien cies. It built great cities, it had its commercial marts, its banks, its stores, its great armies, its conquests, but the loving charity which is the evidences of true manhood and of Divine love, was not to be found in the Pagan world. Those who were miserable, or poor, or destitute, were abandoned. Men had no hearts for tliem. Why? Men looked'upon one another simply in the light of humanity, and humanity for its own sake is unusually an unin viting revelation. Man loved himself. Egotism was tiie prevailing sentiment but Christ appeared on earth, and he asked us to love the poor. He bade us consider our duty to him, and invited us to.give evidence of our love to him. What you should do to the least one of those shall be done unto me. He that giveth a cup of cold water to me shall not lose his reward. The words that the Judge shall say to us are there: Because you visited me when I was in prison, you clothed me when. I was naked, you shall receive your reward. And the apostle, writing of charity said, true religion was to visit the widow and tiie orphan It was true evidence of Christianity, and the disci ples of Christ went forth into the cold world of. Paganism and changed it. And immediately asylums for the sick and the destitute sprang up in every quarter of the world, and during the eighteen centuries that has gon9 by charity has been the most manifest, clear evidence of true religion. The Church of Christ is the medium of the Christian apirit, of Christ's teachings, and wherever the Church is to be found we have to expect to find all the works of divine charity, and such has been the case. '.My dear brethren, if to-day, ''as* in any time in the past, you wish to find the true Church of Christ, look around you... The Catholic Church lays down to all h&r children as the corner stone of practical religion their duty as to their neighbor. She teaches them that what's done to. the neighbor is done to God, who shall reward it. And heroic charity in the' Church is of every day occurrence. We are not at all as tonished because we read in the history of the Church of men in thousands giv ing themselves into slavery in order to redeem slaves, as was the case some centuries ago, as there was need in Africa and adjoining countries, for such sacrifices. We are not at all as tonished to hear from, the Sandwich Islands that some one i3 needed to live among the lepers, knowing that the foul disease shall carry him off, that a priest is found to enter the little boat that shall land him on the isle of death. We are not surprised when we read that when calls were made to/ go and attend the small-pox patients on Black well's Island, a dozen good Catholics were found ready to go and devote their time to the' invalids. The Catholic Church has had in every age,and"bas to-day, for the relief of every evil thai affiicts humanity, a religious order, a number of men and women, who in or der to go to the rescue of humanity, sever themselves by perpetual vows from all earthly connections, and de vote their whole lives to the service of the afflicted.! .Name an evil among men, and I will name a religious so^ ciety to relieve that evil. There are.so- cieties for the orphans, societies for the sick, societies for the ignorant, socie ties to gather in the outcasts of the world, and such has ever been the his tory of the Catholic Church, and such is our record to-day the world over. The Catholic Church is a. great work house of charity, a great agency of di vine charity and what is the motive ot all this charity, of all these sacrifices? Simply this, that in serviug our fellow men we seive God. We don't mind their defects, their deficiencies we iniud God's love to ourselves, and we evidence our love to him by our love to our neighbor. If we had merely human motives it woulcf last so long as it were easy to give our money, but when it would come to the long run of our lives, we would find then a weakness in human motives we would need the love of God that would give the strength ot God without the thought of any possible reward on earth. If we were to look for the reward on earth, we should not, could not, find it. and charity would dry up. Very often our motives in the cause of charity are mis understood and criticized. What's that to us? It isn't for the sake of men, it's for God, and God will not forget it. Now, my dear brethren, among the great appeals of Christian charity I know of none so strong as the appeal of the little child—the orphan. Some times it may be through the faults of relatives it is left to the cold care of the world, no one by natural existence caring for it. What is the little child to do? Unless tender souls come for ward to help it it will die. In the Holy Scriptures Almighty God declares that he is especially the friend of the orphan, therefore recommending the orphan to us as an especial care for us. I can then easily imagine, my dear breth ren. that because of the purpose to which this building .is to be consecrated, the smiles of heaven rest upon us this evening. God approves of our work it is in his honor, for his love, and the angels of charity hover around us. The orphan is left to us he is our waid, our child. Certainly there is no Catholic charity in him who turns away from the orphan. Woe to him who turns away and says, he is not "my child. God, in the last day will say to him, you refused to take care of my child and what can you expect from me through all eternity? But blessed is he who cares for the orphans. He can say on the last day: "O, Savior, I saved the orphan for thy sake, now help me, and because of charity that Christian shall be saved. Charity covereth a mul titude of sins. Those that lead others unto the Lord shall shine in eternity. See that they are instructed to make them self-supporting men aud women, and contribute to their support. It is often said, we have read it. we have heard of it, that there is no need of an asylum. Those who speak this way speak without knowing all the facts. Homes cannot be got for the orphan. There are no doubt instances where Christian men and women, through pure motives, adopt an orphan child and bring him up as their own and when such.L»omes are found, we gladly place in them our orphans, when we are sure that they have the true spirit, that the orphan is safe. But these homes are few and far between, and we have the orphans by the hundreds, where homes cannot be found. I have met them by the tens and the twenties where selfish people have offered to take care of the orphan only to make it their slave. And we have to investi gate most carefully before we commit orphans to families who are willing to adopt them. If we were not to discriminate we would be exposing them to be ruined, soul and body. Put away such notions, Catho lics of Minneapolis. Be assured of it that when there are good homes found you are relieved of the support of or phans. And I say that nineteen out of twenty who come to us for orphan children, 1 would rather see the child in the grave than to give it into their charge. The question with them is: "How much can we make the orphan do to save our own children. When there are no children, then the hearts of the husband and wife will go out to to the orphan, but when there are other children the orphan is looked upon as the slave of the other children. Noth ing then remains but to maintain or phan asylums, so that they are true schools of practical industry. You have had an orphan asylum established in your city, you have supported it, but'your city is growing, the needs, consequently, are increasing, and now you come forward with generous hearts and say our orphan asylum shall en large its roof so as to take in all. The building of this orphan asylum in Min neapolis is a great undertaking I know it. But I know your Catholic charity, that you have put yourself to the work, and I know that as God is tiie inspirer of your charity that it shall be com pleted. What I want to impress upon you is the glory of this work, with the rewards that this, work fv"r paying own MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. PAUL, SATURDAY, JULY 10, 1886. NUMBER 10. will bring upon you, upon your children, upon the city at large. You must, in God's name, come for ward and do what you can. Look well at it this evening see its magnificent proportions return to your homes proud that you have such an orphan asylum, and then determine to work for it. This orphan asylum is in the hands of an orphan association. The payment of $2 a year entitles a Catho lic man or woman to a membership in this society. Here is this great work of charity, and it is a fact, we scarcely have a hundred practical working mem bers in the association. Now, the reason is simply because you have not been made aware of it. But now you are, and I trust that the members of this association shall run into the thou sands. If it were so, there would be no difficulty in maintaining it. For au orphan asylum is conducted in the strictest and wisest economy. You say, "Well, 1 support my church.'' Now remember, my dear friends, what you give to the support of the pastors of the churches is not chai ity. It is not charity to give to your Church. Why? Because, wheu you give to the Church it is for your benefit and the benefit of your children. That is sim ply justice, and. the Catholic who meie ly supports his Church will go before "his tJudge without having given any thing in charity. Charity is the giv ing to others without anything coming to you except the approval of God himself. In Minneapolis the Catholics have only the one char itable institution,—the asylum. Your city is growing, and the day is coming when you should have many Catholic /institutions. I could name them by dozens which wo should, have in this prosperous city of Minneapolis. But we are only beginning,, and with God help we will have them. In God's name make this a success. It will cost a large sum of money, besides there is ihe annual maintenance of the society. An account will be given you of every cent spent in the carrying on of this in stitution. Let there be a striving to work in this institution then in a few months a public appeal will be made to ail the. Catholics of Minneapolis. On the occasion of the orphan bazaar last year you covered yourselves with glory. Nearly $10,000 was realized. I consid er the last orphans' bazaar in Minneap olis the most generous thing that has ever taken place the diocese of St. Paul. I certainly have reasons to expect that the next annual bazaar for the orphans will do better, because there is the question of for this asylum! There is the question of paying for it at dnce. Pay oft' your debt on the asylum this autumn. If every parish in Minne apolis comes forward, pastors and peo ple united, and say, "This is our great work,'- and, as the Bishop of the dio cese, I now solemnly lay to the charge of every parish, of every priest, of every Catholic of Minneapolis, to do their share in this great work. You will tell me that you are poor and struggling yourselves. I know it, but I know that the widow's mite was given in the presence of the Lord. I know if you wish an increase of your own store and to bring God's blessing upon it,—for he that giveth to the Lord does well, and the Lord pays an hun dred-fold. You will find that the man who to-day says he is too poor to do anything for the orphans shall have the same cold, narrow, icy heart of clay ten years hence. But good, gen erous soul who comes forward, God blesses him. Now, I appeal to you, my dear friends not in my name, surely I appeal in the name of those little orphans, that you may have for them somewhat of the love which the eternal Father has for them. I appeal in the name of their souls, created in God's own image aud likeness. I ap peal to you in the name of your Church, which is honored and glorified before angels and men by the works of charity. 1 appeal to you in the name of the Saviour of men, who died for men. May God grant, then, that my words shall not be spoken without ef fect. May God grant that the record of the Catholics of Minneapolis in building and paying for this institu tion and sustaining the orphans, shall go forth as cheering news, as an ex ample for othei-3. Your city is grow ing, therefore you must iay the foun dations of the'Holy Church throughout this State. The churches are for your sake. Build institutions of char itytforthe help of the destitute. Begin now with your asylum. Let it be soon done, and then your hearts once open, will do ail that will bring honor to your holy religion. -.-•'i After the delivery of the address the Bishop then donned miter and cape and began the ceremony of corner stone laying. The ceremony was very brief, consisting of prayers, dedicating every stone in the building to God and ask ing his blessing upon the congregation, and upon all who take an active inter est in the institution. There were also versicles and responses, the attending priests saying the latter. At certain points in the service the Bishop sprinkled the stone with holy water, and described three crosses upon it with a trowel. When he had fiuished the prayers the atooe was set in its place, uuder the direction of Mr: Le vielle, the architect, the choir of Im maculate Conception Church singing the Gloria from Mozart's Twelfth Mass in the meantime. The Bishop and priests then walked around the. founda tions, sprinkling holy water upon them as they went along. This closed the ceremony. As usual, a tin box was de posited in the corner stone. This con tained copies of the daily papers, Tin IRISH STANDARD and other documents, a scroll upon which was engrossed a reeord of the corner-stone laying, in which appear the names of the reigning Pontiff, the President of the United States, Governor of- the State, mayor of Minneapolis, Bishop of the diocese, and. all the officers and directors of the Catholic Orphan Asylum. The asylum building is located in a picturesque spot on the wooded hillside at Forty-eighth street, aud will present an excellent appearance when com pleted. Its cost will be in the neigh borhood of §40,000. The materials to be used in its construction are pressed brick and Kasota stone. In heighth the asylum will be three stories above a basement, A high pyramidal roof will surmount it, and at each side of the principal front on Chicago avenue will rise a tower with a conical apex. A substantial area wall seven feet from the building will surround it. The asylum in ground dimensions is 60x100 feet. It is designed to accommodate 200 children and will be for girls exclu sively, as there is already a' large asy lum for boys located iu St. Paul. It is expected to have it ready for occupancy iii September. In the interior great caredias been taken to have everything convenient and comfortable. The base ment will be taken up with a finely equipped laundry and dry room, the kitchen and a refractory. The steam heating apparatus and all the closets will be located in au addition in the rear. Upon the first floor above the basement the accommodations are. to consist of a reception room, two school rooms and a chapel the floor above will include dormitories for both the children and the sisters in charge, a sewing, room and dormitory. The third floor, which will be covered in by the roof and. its subsidiary gables, will not be finished for the present. In the roof will be located two water tanks with a capacity of 300 barrels, which will receive rain water. This will be carried through the building by a sys tem of pipes, and. the waste water will go into a large cistern in the base nent, and thence be taken away by sewers to a reservoir at a distance, A drive well ninety-eight, feet deep, operated by a wind mill, will supply pure wrater for cooking and drinking purposes. THE CATHOLIC IHDIAST MISSIONS. Some Interesting Statistics by Bishop Marty, Vicar Apo3tolic of Dakota. We are indebted to Bishop Marty, Vicar ApOstolic of Dakota, for the fol lowing details of missionary work among the Indians of the United States, and propose to supplement the outline here given by separate articles on the missions to the Pueblos of New Mex ico and those among the Indian re serves in the State of Dakota. The picture given of the misery of the poor people, crushed and cramped by the inexorable march of civilizations, is touching in the extreme, and it is evident, even to the most skeptical spectator, that the work of the Catholi* missioners amongst them is the only redeeming feature in their lot. the one amendment the white man can make them for the cruel wrongs they have suffered at his hands. The following summary gives the present state of the missions, which were handed over in 1834 by the Fathers of Baltimore to the Jesuit Fathers. The latter have long held the first place in the Indian heart, but the Benedictines have latterly be gun to rival the earlier Black Robes in the affections of the children of the prairie. The total number of Indians living within.the United States' dominions is calculated at 300,000, Of these 50,000 are located in the districts of Alaska, whefe Archbishop Seghers intends to establish, during the summer, two new missions in addition to those already existing. On "Vancouver's Island,where he resides, there are, in addition, 0,000 Indians, distributed among four mis sions, two of which have not a white man residing within their limits, ex cept a single trader in each. These missions are altogether ac the charge of the Archbishop who is restricted, by want of means, from extending his operations as much as he desires. Bishop Junger, in Washington JFer- •'•rf.Vc V-Y''-J.V'.-s1 v,-'. otitis ritory. has 13,COO Indians, among whom the Jesuit Fathers have four mission ary residences with schools. Iu Ore gon, among the 4,000 Indians are. many Catholics, provided, under the spiritual jurisdictions of Archbishop Gross,with two priests and schools. In California 11,000 Indians are dis tributed between the dioceses of Arch bishop Riordan and Bishops Mora and Manogue, while the latter has in Ne vada 7,000 wild disciples, who, being mostly .scattered in small bands through the State, have no schools, but bring their children to be baptized. Bishop Brondel has over 18,000 Indians in his diocese in Montana and Bishop Glorieux 4,000 iu Idaho. This was the scene of the labors of .Father de Smets, and the Jesuit athers are now at work, there in seven flourishing missions and schools, the Sisters of Charity and Or sulines having charge of the females, Bishop Marty, in Dakota, has 30,000 Indians, of whom over one-tenth are Catholics. The .Benedictine Fathers aud Sisters have five missionary resi dences and schools' among them oue excellent school is kept by the Gray Nuns, and one by-the Jesuit Fathers and Franciscan Sisters. Bishop Seideubush, in Northern Minnesota, lias 4,000 Indians, among whom the Benedictine Fathers and Sisters have established two schools', and three missionary stations. About 2,000 are Catholics. In Northern Wis consin and Michigan Bishops Flasch., Vertin and iiiehter have 14,000 Tn« dians, most of whom are Catholics, cared for in twelve stations and schools by the Franciscan Fathers and Broth ers. some secular 'priests, and the Sis ters of St. Joseph. Bishop O'Connor's diocese in Ne braska and Wyoming, contains 3,000 Indians, for whom he has not yet been able to provide permanent missionaries and teachers. Bishop Bourcade. in Arizona, has 14,000 Indians, most of whom, after the loss of their Spanish missionaries, have relapsed into bar barism. In New Mexico Archbishop Saipointe has 28,000 Indians, of whom the greater number live near their ancient church es, in twenty pueblos or towns, whilst the heathens roam wild over tiie coun try. Here four great schools have been recently, established. For tin? 3,000 Indians in Mississippi Bishop Jenssen maintains two missionaries and two schools. The Indian territory contains 57,000 Indians who have adopted the garb and some the exter nals of civilization, hut not Christian ity. Abbot Robot, with some confreres of the Benedictine Order, has ounded, a monastery and a convent of nuns,but finds it difficult to reach souls whose religious sense has been stunted. The number and distribution ot the Indians are as follows: Alaska Vancouver's Island Washington Territory.. Oregon California Nevada Montana 50,000 :iy,coo i'l 11,Ci0 7,0WJ 18,0C0 .Idaho 4,000 Dakota 3,OOo Northern Jlinnesnttt 4,CC0 Wisconsin and Michigan 14,000 N ebraslca and W yomiiifir 5,000 Arizona 14,000 New Mexico 28,000 Mississippi S'OOO Total 184,00) The difficulty of providing religions teachers fox a population so vast and scattered is very great and as the In dians themselves are too poor to con tribute to the support of their clergy, the expenses must be met entirely by the contributions of the faithful at large. Bishop Brondel, of Montana, writes that there is but one priest re sid ing between Helena and Dakota, a dis tance of -580 miles, and as the Indians live on reservations entirely cut off from the white population.- a separate religious organization is required for their wants. Many of them, reduced to helpless subjection, are slowly dying out under the infiuence of disease and starvation, and the government, which has assumed a nominal tutelage over them, is often very slow in relieving their wants. Let it not be said that the Catholic world has been equally re miss in attending the spiritual necessi ties of these victims of advancing c-iv« ilization.—Catholic Citizen. In bis last letter to the American press Justin McCarthy positively af firms that Carnarvon did promise Mr. Parnell that the Tories would intro duce a measure of Home Rule for Ire land, and furthermore that Lord Car narvon communicated his intention to Salisbury. Salisbury may not have laid the proposition formally before the Cabinet, but all the same there was a tacit understanding to that effect, and the Parnellites threw the whole weight of their influence on the tide of Con servatism with that understanding. The Irish are this time giving their as sistance to a man who will .not ,d,es.ert them in the hour of need, ed.