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T. P. O'CONNOR'S VIEWS. Hartington, Chamberlain, Jaines and Other Unionists Will Not Sit With Salisbury. WHAT EDMUND YATES SAYS. FTifl Sententious Remarks on the Composi" fcion of the Cabinet That Has Just Been Formed by Salisbury. The Tory Cabinet have received the seals of office just previously given up by the outgoing ministry, savs T. P. O'Connor, and will hold their first cab inet council at once. The business of the council will be to decide the pro gramme of the coming sessiou. I have learned that a compromise on the ques tion of delay in the introduction of leg islation is probable. There is reason to believe the new ministry will agree to call Parliament together after the re cess in November, instead of February, as previously stated. This is on condi tion that the estimates are allowed to pass quickly. If the estimates are de layed the ministry will consider them selves free to postpone the reopening of Parliament after the recess until February, 1837. N one of the parties in Parliament desire to make premature attacks on the new government, but if obstruction should appear to be desir able there will be no hesitation on one side at least in resorting to parliament ary usages for the redress of griev ances}. The- general impression is that the Irish policy of the government will force the opposition to take advantage of every constitutional method open to them to compel attention to the situa tion in Ireland. Nothing can be more certain than the Parnellites will ener getically resist all attempts TO POSTPONE LEGISLATION until too late to move effectively. The position of the Tories can be made ter ribly difficult if their opponents are driven to the obstructive tactics wisely allowed by the constitution for the pro tection of oppressed minorities. Three of the four Unionists leaders, -Lord Hartington, Joseph Chamberlain and Sir Henry James have finally., decided on their positions in the house. In stead of sitting with their allies, the Tories, or on the cross benches, the lat ter being the course it was expected they would take they have resolved to resume their places at Gladstone's side on the opposition benches. This will be pleasant news to the Gladstonites and gall and wormwood the Tories. Their decision is warmly approved by the vast major ity of Unionists. There is a perceptible tendency among the Liberals, Unionists and Eadicals, who have fought side by side in so many contests, to rSnew old friendships and come together again on the former foot ing of familiarity and confidence. It will be additionally difficult for Hart ington and his colleagues to support the Tory ministry from the Gladstone benches in spite of all denials. I am in a position to assert that the seat of Henry Matthews, Salisbury's new home secretary, will be contested. The Home Rulers in the constituency will compel Chamberlain to show his hand. If he raises a finder to support Mat thews there will be war to the knife. It he withholds his support then will the ministerial candidate most certain ly be beaten, and the Tory cabinet make their start in office handicapped with the defeat of one of their most im portant cabinet ministers. THERE HAS BEEN MUCH FRICTION and heart burning over the formation of the new government, said Mr. Yates in his paper recently. Lord Salisbury has found hitinself severely hampered by personal influence and rival ambitions. Lord Randolph Churchill wished the old lot to be got rid of nearly altogether, but the gen tlemau thus designated would not sac rifice themselves to gratify him. The result is a sort of compromise. Tne noble lord agreed to allow most of the old men to come back again. They, on the other hand, consented to accept him as their leader in the House of Commons. It was a keen struggle with Sir Michael Hicks-Beach. The right honorable gentleman is under no illusions as to the change in his posi tion. He does not suppose that he has been made Irish chief secretary because that office just now, next to the pre miership, is the most important post in the government. He knows quite well that he has been deposed from the pre miership in order to make way for Lord Randolph Churchill. It is impos sible that he can work with him very cordially iu the House of Commons. Probably the chief secretary hopes that thenew leader will soon get into diffi culties that will compel him to relin quish his position The best men in the Conservative^ ranks view the pro motion of Lord Randolph!.Churchill .. I vl with doubt. They wish at least that it had been deferred till the back of the Irish question had been broken and Mr. Gladstone had retired from politi cal life. They fear that a serious blun der or mistake on the part of their new leader will bring back Mr. Gladstone and the Liberals to power much sooner than they had the slightest TIE A SON TO ANTICIPATE a week ago. On the Liberal side the selection of Lord Randolph Churchill has been received partly with annoy ance, partly with delight. When Mr. Gladstone first heard of it he said some thing about the degradation of the House of Commons. The rank and file of the party, are disposed to treat Lord Randolph's advancement as an affront to themselves. They appear to think it is a kind of a political profanation for their own pure and spotless chief to be succeeded by a person whom they have always regarded as a political mounte bank of the worst type. Looking at the matter as it affects the party prospects they are inclined to regard Lord Ran dolph's appointment with more appro val. When Sir William Harcourt heard of it he chuckled and said We shall be back In six months." Un doubtedly the feeling is that Lord Ran dolph will in a few months ruin the government and his party. The strong est admirers of the noble lord cannot deny that there is some danger. His political capacity is undoubted. He is a brilliant, clever debater,- a prompt parliamentary tactician, but has often displayed recklessness and violence un befitting a British statesman. He has too frequently played with principles to be regarded as a man with high ideas of public honor. But in spite of the sins of HIS PAST CAREER he may yet justify the choice. Lord Hartington was not consulted as to the appointment of Lord Randolph, but I hear that he has expressed to Lord Sal isbury grave misgivings as to its pro priety. The front opposition bench in the next Parliament will be an extraor dinary spectacle. All the men who have ever teen in the Liberal government are to congregate there. Gentlemen who have been fighting each other in the country with excessive bitterness will find themselves cheek by jowl. Mr. Glad stone will have Lord Hartington be side him. When Sir William Har court speaks he will often be answered by Mr. Chamberlain. Sir Henry James will answer Mr. Mortay. All the best debating will be carried on between the occupants of the front opposition bench. Before long Mr. Goscheu and Sir George Trevelyn will be added to the happv family. Then the front opposi tion bench will find half its prominent members constantly at issue with the nominal leader of the Liberal party. Mr. Gladstone does not relish the pros pect, and direct intimation will be con veyed to Lord Hartingtou and to Mr. Chamberlain thai their presence is not desired. I believe, however, that on public grounds the leaders, both Union ist arid Liberals, will stick go their po sition and sit on the front opposition bench. This is Lord Kandolph's cabi net. Mr. Henry Matthew's elevation is entirely due to Lord Randolph, who is very impulsive and vehement in his likes and dislikes. He has taken on Mr. Matthews as his general legal ad viser and is generally guided by him as much as he was in the old days by Sir John Gorst. The Parnellite Convention The Parnellites re-elected Mr. Parnell as chairman and Justin McCarthy as vice-president. The members pledged themselves to maintain the rights of the Irish people to govern themselves, and it was resolved that no measure of fering less legislative and executive control over Irish affairs than does Mr. Gladstone's be accepted. Mr. Parnell proposed that heartfelt thanks be of fered to fellow-countrymen and friends throughout the world for the generous sympathy and splendid moral and ma terial support given to the Irish people at home towards sustaining the move ment to obtain a/National Government. The motion 'was carried by acclama tion. The members present received ovations on their arrival and departure. Lord Aberdeen Interviewed. Lord Aberdeen was interviewed at Kingston, Ireland, by a reporter, who questioned him concerning the ovation tendered to him at Dublin on his de parture from that city. Lord Aber deen said he had been impressed by the good temper and courtesy shown by the people who took part in the demonstra tion. The processionists "were orderly there was nothing in the actiond of the great crowd which could have been con sidered aggressive or annoying to their political opponents. "If it was a dem onstration for Gladstone," said Lord Aberdeen, "it was none the less an ex hibition of kindly feeling." THE BATTLE OF FONTENOY. The Causes Which Led to the Memorable Battle of 1745, and the Result a Great Victory for the Irish. THE REPULSE OF THE ENGLISH, ''Oumimhnigidh ar Ltumneac Agns ar iheile na Sacsanach," (Remember Limerick and British Paith.) Upon the death of Charles VI., Em peror of Austria, in 1740, his daughter Maria Theresa, discovered that the sovereigns of Europe, instead of being true to their oaths and to her, made immediate claims upon her territories, and prepared to enforce them to open hostilities. In a short time the ques tion became a European quarrel, to be settled only by the doubtful issue of war. Louis XV. of France, and Frederick the Great opposed her, while England, Holland, Hungary, Bavaria and Han over aided her in the protection of those rights which had been guaranteed to her. In prosecution of this war an army of 79,000 men, commanded by Marshal Saxe, and encouraged by the presence of both King and Dauphin, laid seige to Tournay, early in May, 1745. The Duke of Cumberland advanced at the head of 55,000 mon, chiefly English and Dutch, to relieve the town. At the. Duke's approach, Saxe and king advanced a few miles from Tour nay with 45,000 men, leaving 18,000 to continue the seige, and 6,000 to guard the Scheld. Saxe posted his army along a range of slopes thus: his center was on the village of Fontenoy, his left stretched off through the woods of Bar ri, his right reached to the town of St. Antoine, close to the SchekL He fortified his right and center by the villages of Fontenoy and St. Au toine, and redoubts near them. His ex treme left was also strengthened by a redoubt in the woods of Barri, but his left center between that wood and the village of Fontenoy, was not guarded by anything save slight lines. Cumberland had the Dutch, under WaMeck, on his left, and twice they'at tempted to carry St. Antoine, but were repelled with heavy loss. The same fate attended the English in the center, who thrice forced their way to Fonte noy, but returned fewer and sadder men. Ingoldsby was then ordered to attack the wood of Barri with Cumber land's right. He did so, and broke into the wood, when the artillery of the redoubt sud denly opened on him, which, assisted by a constant fire from the French tir ailleurs (light infantry,) drove him back. The duke resolved to make one great and final effort. He selected his best regi ments, veteran English corps, and formed them into a single column of 6,000. Ac its head were six cannon,and as many more.on the flanks, which did good service. Lord John Hay com manded this great mass. Every thing being now ready, the column advanced slowly and evenly, as if on the parade ground. It mounted the slope of Saxe's posi tion, and pressed on between the wood of Barri and the village of Fontenoy. In doing so, it was exposed to a cruel fire of artillery and sharp shooters but it stood the storm and got behind Fon tenoy. The moment the object of the column was seen, the French troops were hur ried in upon them. The cavalry charged but the English hardly paused to offer the raised bayonet, and then poured in a fatal fire. They disdained to rush at the picked infantry of France: On they went till within a short dis tance, and then threw in their balls with great precision, the officers actual ly laying their canes along the muskets, to make the men fire low. Mass after mass of infantry was broken, and on went the column, reduced, but still ap parently invincible. Due Richelieu had four cannons hur ried to the front, and he literally bat tered the head of the column, while the household cavalry surrounded them, and, in repeated charges, wore down their strength but these French were fearlul sufferers. Louis was about to leave the field. In this juncture Saxe ordered tup his last reserve—the Irish Brigade. It con sisted that day of the regiments of Clare, Lally, Dillon, Berwick, Roth and Buckley, with Fitzjames's horse. O'Brien, Lord Clare, was in command. Aided by the French regiments in Normandy and Vaisseany, they were ordered to charge upon the flank of the English with fixed bayonet without fir ing. Upon the approach of this splen did-, body of men, the English were halted on the slope of a hill, and up that slope the brigade rushed rapidly and in fine order. "They were led to immediate action, MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. PAUL, SATURDAY, AUGUST 14, 1886. NUMBER 15. and the stimulating cry of 'Cumimh nigidh ar 1 uimneac agus ar fheile na Sacsanach,' ['Reinember Limerick and British faith.'] was reochoed from man to man. The fortune of the field was no long er doubtful, and victory the most de cisive crowned the arms of France. The English were weary with a long day's fighting, cut up by cannon,charge and musketry, and dispirite^by the:ap pearance of the Brigade—fresh, con sisting of young men in high spirits arid discipline—still they gave their fire well and fatally but they Avere lit erally stunned by the shock, and shat tered by the Irish charge. They broke before the Irish bayonets, and tumbled down the far side of the hill, disorgan ized, hopeless, and falling by hundreds. The Irish troops did not pursue them far the French cavalry and light troops pressed on till the relics of the coluc&n were succored by some English cavalry and got within the batteries of their camp. The victory was bloody and complete. Louis is said to have ridden down to the Irish bivouac, and person ally thanked them and George II., on heading it, uttered that memorable im precation on the Penal Code: "Cursed be the laws which deprive me ot such subjects." The one English volley,and short struggle on the crest of the hill, cost the Irish dear. One-fourth of the officers,including Colonel Dillon, were killed, and one third of the men. The capture of Ghent, Burges. Ostend and Oudenarde followed the victory of Fon tenoy.] Tbrice, at the huts o£ Fontenoy, the English column failed, And, twice, the lines of Saint Autoine. the Dutch in vain assailed For tow and slope were tilled with fort and Hanking battery, And well they swept the English ranks, and Dutch auxiliary. As vainly through Be Barn's woods, the Britieh soldiers burst, The French artillery drove them back, dim in ished. and dispersed, The bloody Duke of Cumberland beheld with anxious eye, And ordered up his last reserve, his latest chance to try. On Fontenoy, on Fontenoy. how fast his gener als ride 1 And mustering come hi9 chosen troops, like clouds at eventide. Six thousand. English veterans in stately col umn tread, Their cannon blazes in front and flank, Lord Hay is at their head Steady they step adown the slope—steady they climb the hill Steady they load —steady they fire,moving- right onward still, Betwixt the wood and Fontenoy, as though, a furnace blast. Through rampart, trench, and palisade, and bullets showering-fast And on the open plain above they rose and kept their course, With ready lire and grim resolve, that mocked at hostile force Past Fontenoy—past Fontenoy, while thinner grow tbeir ranks— Thev break, as broke the Zuyder Zee through Holland's ocean batiks. More idly than the summer flies, French tirail leurs rush around As stubble to the lava tide, French squadrons 6trew the ground Bomb-shell and grape, aud round-shot tore, still on they marched and fi*ed— Fast, from each volley, grenadier and voltigeur retired: "Push on, my household cavalry I" Kin# Louis madly cried To death they rush, but rude their shock—not unavenged they died. On through the camp the column trod—King Louis turns his reign "Not yet, my liege," Saxe interposed, "the Irish troops remain: And Fontenoy, famed Fontenoy, had been a .Waterloo, Were not these exiles ready then, fresh, vehe ment, and true. "Lord Clare," he says, you have your wish, there are your Saxon foes!" The marshal almost smiled to see, so furiously he goes! How fierce the look these exiles wear, who've wont to be so gay, The treasured wrongs of fifty years are in their hearts to-day— The treaty broken, ere the ink wherewith'twas writ, could dry, Their plundered homes, their ruined, shrines, their women's parting cry, Their priesthood hunted down like wolves, their country overthrown,— Each looks, as if revenge for all were staked on him alone. On Fontenoy, on Fontenoy, nor ever yet else where, Rushed on to fight a nobler band than these proud exiles were. O'Brien's voice is hoarse with joy, as, halting, he commands, "Fix bay'neto"—"charge,"—like mountain storm, rush on these liery bands! Thin is the English column now, and faint their volleys grow. Yet, must'ring all the strength they have, they make a gallant show. They drese their ranks upon the hill to face that battle wind— Their bayonets the breakers'foam like rocks, the men behind I One volley crashes from their line, when, through the surging smoke, With empty guns clutched in tbeir hands, the headlong Irish broke. On Fontenoy, on Fontenoy, hark to that fierce huzza! "Revenge! remember Limerick! dash down the aassenagh!" Like lions leaping at a fold when mad with hunger's pang, Right up against the English line the Irish exiles sprang: Bright was their steel, 'tis bloody now, their guns are filled with gore Through shattered ranks, and severed files, and trampled flags they tore The English strove with desperate strength, paused, rallied,, staggered, Ilea— The green hill-side is matted close with dying and with dead Across the plain, and far away passed on that hideous wrack, While cavalier and fantassin dash in" upon their track. On Fontenoy—on Fontenoy, like eagles iu the Bun, With bloody plumes the Irish stand—the field ts fought and won! At the meeting in Dublin, August 4, the following motion was proposed by Parnell and seconded by Harrington: "We deem it our duty to warn the Government that the depreciation in prices of farm produce since the ju dicial rents were fixed makes it impossible for tenants to pay their rents. We suggest an immediate re vision of such rates and a remodelling of the rent-fixing clauses in order to se cure protection for tenants. We also recommend a suspension of eviction." HUMOR OF THE IRISH BAR. Some of the Quick-Witted Eejoinders of Noted Limbs of the Law that ... are Well Worth Heading. JUDGE FLETCHER TO THE JURY. Daniel 0'Connell "Takes a Rke" out of "Leather-Lunged Scriven," the Ugliest Looking Man at tne I:ish Bar. Sir Edward Coke says Moses was the first reporter of the law, but it is doubt ful wiiether during his lifetime he ever dreamed of having such a brilliant ar ray of successors. Assistant United States District-Attorney Deveimy, dur ing his studies, has made it a rule to collect paragraphs of unusual interest bearing on law and lawyers, and from this collection he gives the following legal "squibs." In the preface of "Fortescue's Reports," which consist of thirty-one folio pages, it is said that "the grand divisions of law is into di vine law and the law of nature so that the study of law in general is the busi ness of men and angels. Angels as well as men may desire to look into both the one and the other, but they will never be able to fathom, the depths of either." "It is very odd," said Ser geant Channell to Thesiger, "that Tin dell should have decided agaiust me on that point of law, which seemed to me as plain as A. B, C." "Yes," replied Thesiger, "but of what use is it that it should have been as plain as A, B, to you if the judge was determined to be D, E, to it?" A physician once approached a learned counsel with what JRentham would have called the "in cognoscibility" of the technical terms of the law. "Now, for example," said he, "I never could comprehend vshat vou meant by 'docking an entail.' "My dear doctor,'' replied the counsel, "I don't wonder at that, but 1 will soon explain. The definition of the phrase is the doing of that to which your pro fession never consents—suffering a re covery." "I remember well," says Charles Phillips in "Curran and His Cotemporaries," "at THE SLIGO SUMMER ASSIZE for 1812, being of counsel in the case of the K"iag against Fen to for "the mur der of Majoi Hillas in a duel, when old Judge Fletcher thus capped his sum ming up to the jury: 'Gentlemen, it's my duty to lay down the law to you, and I will. The law says that the kill ing of a man in a duel is murder therefore in the discharge of ray duty I tell yua so. But I tell you at the same time a fairer duel than this 1 never heard of in the whole course of my life!' It is scarcely necessary to add that there was an immediate acquittal." "Leather-Lunged Scriven," the Irish barrister, was a very ugly a am his complexion was like was!?, leather, which had never been washed. Being of high Tory politics, his practice in the Irish law courts frequently brought him in collision with Daniel O'Connell. G'Connell was once retained in a Ker ry case, in which the venue or place of trial was laid in Dublin. O'Connell was instructed to try and change the venue, so that the case might be tried in Tra lee. This motion was resisted by Scriven, the counsel opposed to O'Con nell. He stated that he had no know ledge of Kerry, and had never been in that part of "Ireland. "Oh," replied O'Connell. we 3hali be glad to wel come my learned friend, and show him the lovely lakes of Killarney." "Yes," growled Scriven, "I suppose, the bot tom of them." "Indeed, no," retorted Dan, "and for this simple reason—your facy would frighten the fish.5' Dean Swift, having preached an assize ser mon in Ireland, was invited to dine with the judges, and, having by his sermon considered the uses and abuse of the law, he then pressed a little hard upon those counselors who plead causes which they know in their consciences to be wrong. When dinner was over and the wine began to circulate, a young barrister retorted upon the dean, and after some fencing, the counsellor asked him: "If the devil were to die might not a parson be found who for money would preach his funeral ser mon?" "Yes, sir," quickly replied Swift. "1 would gladly be the man, and I would then give the devil his due, as I have this day done his children." In speaking of a learned sergeant who gave a confused and elaborate explana tion of some point of. law, Curran ob served that whenever that grave coun sellor endeavored to uphold a principle of law, he put him in mind of a fool whom he once saw try to open an oys ter with a rolling pin. An attorney in Dublin having died in great poverty, A SHILLING SUBSCRIPTION was set on foot to pay the expenses of his funeral. Most of the. attorneys and barristers having subscribed, one of them applied to Mr. Toler, afterwards Lord Chief Justice Norbury, express ing the hope that he would also sub scrihe his shilling. "Only a shilling, a shilling to bury an attorney. Here is a guinea go and bury one-and-twenty of them." When Lord Thurlow was lord chancellor, Pepper Ardeu was master of the rolls. The chancellor greatly dis liked Mr. Arden. and frequently showed bis distaste with little mitiga tion. When a messenger once went with his honor's request and regrets that he could not sit at the rolls, fc!u superior judge demanded in a voice of thunder: "What ails him*?"' "Please,, your lordship, he is laid up with Eng lish cholera," answered the messenger. "Let him take an act of Parliament," retorted the ungracious chancellor,. with one of those amiable twitches of his visual, organs in which he was La the habit of indulging. "Let him try. to swallow that. There is nothing so binding." At a provincial law society dinner not long ago the president called upon the senior attorney to give as a, toast the person whom he considered. the best friend of the profession. "Cer tainly," was the response, "the roar* who makes his own will," "I hoar..'" said' somebody to JeckylL "that our-friend Smith, the attorney, is dead. and leaves very few effects." "He could scarcely do otherwise," returned Jecky.ll, "be-, had so very few causes," A counsel', thought that he would overcome Lord):. Nor bury on the bench. One a&y a is.. lordship was charging s. jury. and-iuH address was interrupted by the braying of an ass. "What noise is thatV" cried!. Lord Norbury. 'Tis only the echo oL the court, my lord," answered counsel Nothing disconcerted, the judge re sumed his address, but soon the barris ter was compelled to interpose with technical objections to the charge.. While stating them the ass again brayed. "One at a time, if you please./" remarked his lordship, with a sarcastic smile. League Delegates. Three thousand persons assemble*? August 8, to bid good-bye to the dele gates to the meeting of the Irish .Na tional League of America. Mr. O'Brier.a, in reply to an address, said that he was? going to confer with the greater Xrehwiicl' across the ocean on the political sitaa tion. Should coercion be attempted:?,, he said, Ireland would be ready to meet it undaunted, in the meantime he ad vised every Irishman to do his utmost to maintain peace in order not to give it pretext for coercion. Mr. Redmond., iu a speech, said that nothing less thaz., Mr. Gladstone's measure would satisfy Ireland. Michael Davits and the Land League, Davitfc organized the first National Land League in 1879. His programs consisted mainly of fixity of tenove,. fair rents, and the establishment of a peasant proprietary. He was arrested under the administration of the Earl of Beaconsfield, but the prosecution dropped soon after the next change o£ ministry. Subsequently he was again arrested, in the period of the first Glad stone government, charged with "in citement to crime." The period o£ hit ticket-of-leave had not expired, and he was sent back to Portland prison ,where he was confined a year and a half. Re suming his work of agitation upon his release he was once more put in prison,, this latest time in Ireland. He was in carcerated four months. The magni tude of Davitt's work for the Land! League is suggested in the following figures: The organization had a cesv tral office in Dublin and about /ifteeit» hundred local branches. More than & million dollars was sent to its aid from. America. It was suppressed, but majf be said to re-exist in the National League. A Liberal Manifesto. The .National-Liberal federation, the outgrowth of Mr. Chamberlain"s for saken caucus, has issued a manifesto,, saying: "Although the result of the elections has not realized our hopes the situation is encouraging, he sup porters of half measures being the smallest group in Parliament. Mr Gladstone has secured the support of vast majority of the Liberals and Lib era! organizations. As far as the fed eration is concerned, the results of the appeal to the country completely justify the course takes by its council. Greatly, as we regret our losses, the manner i» which Liberals responded to Mr. Glad stone's appeal proves that the federa tion represents the real opinion of- th? Liberal party. That party, being «om~ mitted to effecting union between Engr-' land and Ireland, will never abandon* that object until the goal' has been. reached. No progress is possible in 1 liberal work until that has been settled., nor will the Conservatives be able to indulge in congenial inactivity. It is the imperative duty of the Liberals to... obtain at the earliest possible moment an explicit statement of the Tory policy, in regard to Ireland. The Gladstone-. policy still lives, and its ultimate triumph is assured.