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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, August 14, 1886, Image 1

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VOLUME II.
T. P. O'CONNOR'S VIEWS.
Hartington, Chamberlain, Jaines and
Other Unionists Will Not Sit
With Salisbury.
WHAT EDMUND YATES SAYS.
FTifl Sententious Remarks on the Composi"
fcion of the Cabinet That Has Just
Been Formed by Salisbury.
The Tory Cabinet have received the
seals of office just previously given up
by the outgoing ministry, savs T. P.
O'Connor, and will hold their first cab
inet council at once. The business of
the council will be to decide the pro
gramme of the coming sessiou. I have
learned that a compromise on the ques
tion of delay in the introduction of leg
islation is probable. There is reason to
believe the new ministry will agree to
call Parliament together after the re
cess in November, instead of February,
as previously stated. This is on condi
tion that the estimates are allowed to
pass quickly. If the estimates are de
layed the ministry will consider them
selves free to postpone the reopening
of Parliament after the recess until
February, 1837. N one of the parties in
Parliament desire to make premature
attacks on the new government, but if
obstruction should appear to be desir
able there will be no hesitation on one
side at least in resorting to parliament
ary usages for the redress of griev
ances}. The- general impression is that
the Irish policy of the government will
force the opposition to take advantage
of every constitutional method open to
them to compel attention to the situa
tion in Ireland. Nothing can be more
certain than the Parnellites will ener
getically resist all attempts
TO POSTPONE LEGISLATION
until too late to move effectively. The
position of the Tories can be made ter
ribly difficult if their opponents are
driven to the obstructive tactics wisely
allowed by the constitution for the pro
tection of oppressed minorities. Three
of the four Unionists leaders, -Lord
Hartington, Joseph Chamberlain and
Sir Henry James have finally., decided
on their positions in the house. In
stead of sitting with their allies, the
Tories, or on the cross benches, the lat
ter being the course it was expected
they would take they have resolved to
resume their places at Gladstone's side
on the opposition benches. This will
be pleasant news to the Gladstonites
and gall and wormwood the Tories.
Their decision is warmly approved by
the vast major ity of Unionists. There
is a perceptible tendency among the
Liberals, Unionists and Eadicals, who
have fought side by side in so many
contests, to rSnew old friendships and
come together again on the former foot
ing of familiarity and confidence. It
will be additionally difficult for Hart
ington and his colleagues to support
the Tory ministry from the Gladstone
benches in spite of all denials. I am in
a position to assert that the seat of
Henry Matthews, Salisbury's new home
secretary, will be contested. The
Home Rulers in the constituency will
compel Chamberlain to show his hand.
If he raises a finder to support Mat
thews there will be war to the knife.
It he withholds his support then will
the ministerial candidate most certain
ly be beaten, and the Tory cabinet
make their start in office handicapped
with the defeat of one of their most im
portant cabinet ministers.
THERE HAS BEEN MUCH FRICTION
and heart burning over the formation
of the new government, said Mr.
Yates in his paper recently. Lord
Salisbury has found hitinself severely
hampered by personal influence and
rival ambitions. Lord Randolph
Churchill wished the old lot to be got
rid of nearly altogether, but the gen
tlemau thus designated would not sac
rifice themselves to gratify him. The
result is a sort of compromise. Tne
noble lord agreed to allow most of the
old men to come back again. They, on
the other hand, consented to accept
him as their leader in the House of
Commons. It was a keen struggle
with Sir Michael Hicks-Beach. The
right honorable gentleman is under no
illusions as to the change in his posi
tion. He does not suppose that he has
been made Irish chief secretary because
that office just now, next to the pre
miership, is the most important post in
the government. He knows quite well
that he has been deposed from the pre
miership in order to make way for
Lord Randolph Churchill. It is impos
sible that he can work with him very
cordially iu the House of Commons.
Probably the chief secretary hopes that
thenew leader will soon get into diffi
culties that will compel him to relin
quish his position The best men in
the Conservative^ ranks view the pro
motion of Lord Randolph!.Churchill
..
I vl
with doubt. They wish at least that it
had been deferred till the back of the
Irish question had been broken and
Mr. Gladstone had retired from politi
cal life. They fear that a serious blun
der or mistake on the part of their new
leader will bring back Mr. Gladstone
and the Liberals to power much sooner
than they had the slightest
TIE A
SON TO ANTICIPATE
a week ago. On the Liberal side the
selection of Lord Randolph Churchill
has been received partly with annoy
ance, partly with delight. When Mr.
Gladstone first heard of it he said some
thing about the degradation of the
House of Commons. The rank and file
of the party, are disposed to treat Lord
Randolph's advancement as an affront
to themselves. They appear to think it
is a kind of a political profanation for
their own pure and spotless chief to be
succeeded by a person whom they have
always regarded as a political mounte
bank of the worst type. Looking at the
matter as it affects the party prospects
they are inclined to regard Lord Ran
dolph's appointment with more appro
val. When Sir William Harcourt
heard of it he chuckled and said We
shall be back In six months." Un
doubtedly the feeling is that Lord Ran
dolph will in a few months ruin the
government and his party. The strong
est admirers of the noble lord cannot
deny that there is some danger. His
political capacity is undoubted. He is
a brilliant, clever debater,- a prompt
parliamentary tactician, but has often
displayed recklessness and violence un
befitting a British statesman. He has
too frequently played with principles
to be regarded as a man with high ideas
of public honor. But in spite of the
sins of
HIS PAST CAREER
he may yet justify the choice. Lord
Hartington was not consulted as to the
appointment of Lord Randolph, but I
hear that he has expressed to Lord Sal
isbury grave misgivings as to its pro
priety. The front opposition bench in
the next Parliament will be an extraor
dinary spectacle. All the men who have
ever teen in the Liberal government are
to congregate there. Gentlemen who
have been fighting each other in the
country with excessive bitterness will
find themselves cheek by jowl. Mr. Glad
stone will have Lord Hartington be
side him. When Sir William Har
court speaks he will often be answered
by Mr. Chamberlain. Sir Henry James
will answer Mr. Mortay. All the best
debating will be carried on between the
occupants of the front opposition bench.
Before long Mr. Goscheu and Sir
George Trevelyn will be added to the
happv family. Then the front opposi
tion bench will find half its prominent
members constantly at issue with the
nominal leader of the Liberal party.
Mr. Gladstone does not relish the pros
pect, and direct intimation will be con
veyed to Lord Hartingtou and to Mr.
Chamberlain thai their presence is not
desired. I believe, however, that on
public grounds the leaders, both Union
ist arid Liberals, will stick
go
their po­
sition and sit on the front opposition
bench. This is Lord Kandolph's cabi
net. Mr. Henry Matthew's elevation is
entirely due to Lord Randolph, who is
very impulsive and vehement in his
likes and dislikes. He has taken on
Mr. Matthews as his general legal ad
viser and is generally guided by him as
much as he was in the old days by Sir
John Gorst.
The Parnellite Convention
The Parnellites re-elected Mr. Parnell
as chairman and Justin McCarthy as
vice-president. The members pledged
themselves to maintain the rights of
the Irish people to govern themselves,
and it was resolved that no measure of
fering less legislative and executive
control over Irish affairs than does Mr.
Gladstone's be accepted. Mr. Parnell
proposed that heartfelt thanks be of
fered to fellow-countrymen and friends
throughout the world for the generous
sympathy and splendid moral and ma
terial support given to the Irish people
at home towards sustaining the move
ment to obtain a/National Government.
The motion 'was carried by acclama
tion. The members present received
ovations on their arrival and departure.
Lord Aberdeen Interviewed.
Lord Aberdeen was interviewed at
Kingston, Ireland, by a reporter, who
questioned him concerning the ovation
tendered to him at Dublin on his de
parture from that city. Lord Aber
deen said he had been impressed by the
good temper and courtesy shown by the
people who took part in the demonstra
tion. The processionists "were orderly
there was nothing in the actiond of the
great crowd which could have been con
sidered aggressive or annoying to their
political opponents. "If it was a dem
onstration for Gladstone," said Lord
Aberdeen, "it was none the less an ex
hibition of kindly feeling."
THE BATTLE OF FONTENOY.
The Causes Which Led to the Memorable
Battle of 1745, and the Result a
Great Victory for the Irish.
THE REPULSE OF THE ENGLISH,
''Oumimhnigidh ar Ltumneac Agns ar iheile
na Sacsanach," (Remember Limerick
and British Paith.)
Upon the death of Charles VI., Em
peror of Austria, in 1740, his daughter
Maria Theresa, discovered that the
sovereigns of Europe, instead of being
true to their oaths and to her, made
immediate claims upon her territories,
and prepared to enforce them to open
hostilities. In a short time the ques
tion became a European quarrel, to be
settled only by the doubtful issue of
war.
Louis XV. of France, and Frederick
the Great opposed her, while England,
Holland, Hungary, Bavaria and Han
over aided her in the protection of those
rights which had been guaranteed to
her.
In prosecution of this war an army
of 79,000 men, commanded by Marshal
Saxe, and encouraged by the presence of
both King and Dauphin, laid seige to
Tournay, early in May, 1745. The
Duke of Cumberland advanced at the
head of 55,000 mon, chiefly English and
Dutch, to relieve the town.
At the. Duke's approach, Saxe and
king advanced a few miles from Tour
nay with 45,000 men, leaving 18,000 to
continue the seige, and 6,000 to guard
the Scheld. Saxe posted his army
along a range of slopes thus: his center
was on the village of Fontenoy, his left
stretched off through the woods of Bar
ri, his right reached to the town of
St. Antoine, close to the SchekL
He fortified his right and center by
the villages of Fontenoy and St. Au
toine, and redoubts near them. His ex
treme left was also strengthened by a
redoubt in the woods of Barri, but his
left center between that wood and the
village of Fontenoy, was not guarded
by anything save slight lines.
Cumberland had the Dutch, under
WaMeck, on his left, and twice they'at
tempted to carry St. Antoine, but were
repelled with heavy loss. The same
fate attended the English in the center,
who thrice forced their way to Fonte
noy, but returned fewer and sadder
men. Ingoldsby was then ordered to
attack the wood of Barri with Cumber
land's right.
He did so, and broke into the wood,
when the artillery of the redoubt sud
denly opened on him, which, assisted
by a constant fire from the French tir
ailleurs (light infantry,) drove him back.
The duke resolved to make one great
and final effort. He selected his best regi
ments, veteran English corps, and
formed them into a single column of
6,000. Ac its head were six cannon,and
as many more.on the flanks, which did
good service. Lord John Hay com
manded this great mass.
Every thing being now ready, the
column advanced slowly and evenly, as
if on the parade ground.
It mounted the slope of Saxe's posi
tion, and pressed on between the wood
of Barri and the village of Fontenoy.
In doing so, it was exposed to a cruel
fire of artillery and sharp shooters but
it stood the storm and got behind Fon
tenoy.
The moment the object of the column
was seen, the French troops were hur
ried in upon them. The cavalry
charged but the English hardly paused
to offer the raised bayonet, and then
poured in a fatal fire. They disdained
to rush at the picked infantry of France:
On they went till within a short dis
tance, and then threw in their balls
with great precision, the officers actual
ly laying their canes along the muskets,
to make the men fire low. Mass after
mass of infantry was broken, and on
went the column, reduced, but still ap
parently invincible.
Due Richelieu had four cannons hur
ried to the front, and he literally bat
tered the head of the column, while the
household cavalry surrounded them,
and, in repeated charges, wore down
their strength but these French were
fearlul sufferers. Louis was about to
leave the field.
In this juncture Saxe ordered tup his
last reserve—the Irish Brigade. It con
sisted that day of the regiments of
Clare, Lally, Dillon, Berwick, Roth and
Buckley, with Fitzjames's horse.
O'Brien, Lord Clare, was in command.
Aided by the French regiments in
Normandy and Vaisseany, they were
ordered to charge upon the flank of the
English with fixed bayonet without fir
ing. Upon the approach of this splen
did-, body of men, the English were
halted on the slope of a hill, and up that
slope the brigade rushed rapidly and in
fine order.
"They were led to immediate action,
MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. PAUL, SATURDAY, AUGUST 14, 1886. NUMBER 15.
and the stimulating cry of 'Cumimh
nigidh ar 1 uimneac agus ar fheile na
Sacsanach,' ['Reinember Limerick and
British faith.'] was reochoed from man
to man.
The fortune of the field was no long
er doubtful, and victory the most de
cisive crowned the arms of France.
The English were weary with a long
day's fighting, cut up by cannon,charge
and musketry, and dispirite^by the:ap
pearance of the Brigade—fresh, con
sisting of young men in high spirits
arid discipline—still they gave their
fire well and fatally but they
Avere
lit­
erally stunned by the shock, and shat
tered by the Irish charge. They broke
before the Irish bayonets, and tumbled
down the far side of the hill, disorgan
ized, hopeless, and falling by hundreds.
The Irish troops did not pursue them
far the French cavalry and light troops
pressed on till the relics of the coluc&n
were succored by some English cavalry
and got within the batteries of their
camp. The victory was bloody and
complete. Louis is said to have ridden
down to the Irish bivouac, and person
ally thanked them and George II., on
heading it, uttered that memorable im
precation on the Penal Code: "Cursed
be the laws which deprive me ot such
subjects." The one English volley,and
short struggle on the crest of the hill,
cost the Irish dear. One-fourth of the
officers,including Colonel Dillon, were
killed, and one third of the men. The
capture of Ghent, Burges. Ostend and
Oudenarde followed the victory of Fon
tenoy.]
Tbrice, at the huts o£ Fontenoy, the English
column failed,
And, twice, the lines of Saint Autoine. the
Dutch in vain assailed
For tow and slope were tilled with fort and
Hanking battery,
And well they swept the English ranks, and
Dutch auxiliary.
As vainly through Be Barn's woods, the Britieh
soldiers burst,
The French artillery drove them back, dim in
ished. and dispersed,
The bloody Duke of Cumberland beheld with
anxious eye,
And ordered up his last reserve, his latest
chance to try.
On Fontenoy, on Fontenoy. how fast his gener
als ride 1
And mustering come hi9 chosen troops, like
clouds at eventide.
Six thousand. English veterans in stately col
umn tread,
Their cannon blazes in front and flank, Lord
Hay is at their head
Steady they step adown the slope—steady they
climb the hill
Steady they load —steady they fire,moving- right
onward still,
Betwixt the wood and Fontenoy, as though, a
furnace blast.
Through rampart, trench, and palisade, and
bullets showering-fast
And on the open plain above they rose and
kept their course,
With ready lire and grim resolve, that mocked
at hostile force
Past Fontenoy—past Fontenoy, while thinner
grow tbeir ranks—
Thev break, as broke the Zuyder Zee through
Holland's ocean batiks.
More idly than the summer flies, French tirail
leurs rush around
As stubble to the lava tide, French squadrons
6trew the ground
Bomb-shell and grape, aud round-shot tore,
still on they marched and fi*ed—
Fast, from each volley, grenadier and voltigeur
retired:
"Push on, my household cavalry I" Kin# Louis
madly cried
To death they rush, but rude their shock—not
unavenged they died.
On through the camp the column trod—King
Louis turns his reign
"Not yet, my liege," Saxe interposed, "the
Irish troops remain:
And Fontenoy, famed Fontenoy, had been a
.Waterloo,
Were not these exiles ready then, fresh, vehe
ment, and true.
"Lord Clare," he says, you have your wish,
there are your Saxon foes!"
The marshal almost smiled to see, so furiously
he goes!
How fierce the look these exiles wear, who've
wont to be so gay,
The treasured wrongs of fifty years are in
their hearts to-day—
The treaty broken, ere the ink wherewith'twas
writ, could dry,
Their plundered homes, their ruined, shrines,
their women's parting cry,
Their priesthood hunted down like wolves,
their country overthrown,—
Each looks, as if revenge for all were staked
on him alone.
On Fontenoy, on Fontenoy, nor ever yet else
where,
Rushed on to fight a nobler band than these
proud exiles were.
O'Brien's voice is hoarse with joy, as, halting,
he commands,
"Fix bay'neto"—"charge,"—like mountain
storm, rush on these liery bands!
Thin is the English column now, and faint their
volleys grow.
Yet, must'ring all the strength they have, they
make a gallant show.
They drese their ranks upon the hill to face that
battle wind—
Their bayonets the breakers'foam like rocks,
the men behind I
One volley crashes from their line, when,
through the surging smoke,
With empty guns clutched in tbeir hands, the
headlong Irish broke.
On Fontenoy, on Fontenoy, hark to that fierce
huzza!
"Revenge! remember Limerick! dash down
the aassenagh!"
Like lions leaping at a fold when mad with
hunger's pang,
Right up against the English line the Irish
exiles sprang:
Bright was their steel, 'tis bloody now, their
guns are filled with gore
Through shattered ranks, and severed files,
and trampled flags they tore
The English strove with desperate strength,
paused, rallied,, staggered, Ilea—
The green hill-side is matted close with dying
and with dead
Across the plain, and far away passed on that
hideous wrack,
While cavalier and fantassin dash in" upon
their track.
On Fontenoy—on Fontenoy, like eagles iu the
Bun,
With bloody plumes the Irish stand—the field
ts fought and won!
At the meeting in Dublin, August 4,
the following motion was proposed by
Parnell and seconded by Harrington:
"We deem it our duty to warn the
Government that the depreciation in
prices of farm produce since the ju
dicial rents were fixed makes it
impossible for tenants to pay their
rents. We suggest an immediate re
vision of such rates and a remodelling
of the rent-fixing clauses in order to se
cure protection for tenants. We also
recommend a suspension of eviction."
HUMOR OF THE IRISH BAR.
Some of the Quick-Witted Eejoinders of
Noted Limbs of the Law that ...
are Well Worth Heading.
JUDGE FLETCHER TO THE JURY.
Daniel 0'Connell "Takes a Rke" out of
"Leather-Lunged Scriven," the Ugliest
Looking Man at tne I:ish Bar.
Sir Edward Coke says Moses was the
first reporter of the law, but it is doubt
ful wiiether during his lifetime he ever
dreamed of having such a brilliant ar
ray of successors. Assistant United
States District-Attorney Deveimy, dur
ing his studies, has made it a rule to
collect paragraphs of unusual interest
bearing on law and lawyers, and from
this collection he gives the following
legal "squibs." In the preface of
"Fortescue's Reports," which consist
of thirty-one folio pages, it is said that
"the grand divisions of law is into di
vine law and the law of nature so that
the study of law in general is the busi
ness of men and angels. Angels as
well as men may desire to look into
both the one and the other, but they
will never be able to fathom, the depths
of either." "It is very odd," said Ser
geant Channell to Thesiger, "that Tin
dell should have decided agaiust me on
that point of law, which seemed to me
as plain as A. B, C." "Yes," replied
Thesiger, "but of what use is it that it
should have been as plain as A, B,
to you if the judge was determined to
be D, E, to it?" A physician once
approached a learned counsel with what
JRentham would have called the "in
cognoscibility" of the technical terms
of the law. "Now, for example," said
he, "I never could comprehend vshat
vou meant by 'docking an entail.'
"My dear doctor,'' replied the counsel,
"I don't wonder at that, but 1 will soon
explain. The definition of the phrase
is the doing of that to which your pro
fession never consents—suffering a re
covery." "I remember well," says
Charles Phillips in "Curran and His
Cotemporaries," "at
THE SLIGO SUMMER ASSIZE
for 1812, being of counsel in the case of
the K"iag against Fen to for "the mur
der of Majoi Hillas in a duel, when old
Judge Fletcher thus capped his sum
ming up to the jury: 'Gentlemen, it's
my duty to lay down the law to you,
and I will. The law says that the kill
ing of a man in a duel is murder
therefore in the discharge of ray duty I
tell yua so. But I tell you at the same
time a fairer duel than this 1 never
heard of in the whole course of my life!'
It is scarcely necessary to add that
there was an immediate acquittal."
"Leather-Lunged Scriven," the Irish
barrister, was a very ugly a am his
complexion was like was!?, leather,
which had never been washed. Being
of high Tory politics, his practice in
the Irish law courts frequently brought
him in collision with Daniel O'Connell.
G'Connell was once retained in a Ker
ry
case, in which the venue or place of
trial was laid in Dublin. O'Connell was
instructed to try and change the venue,
so that the case might be tried in Tra
lee. This motion was resisted by
Scriven, the counsel opposed to O'Con
nell. He stated that he had no know
ledge of Kerry, and had never been in
that part of "Ireland. "Oh," replied
O'Connell. we 3hali be glad to wel
come my learned friend, and show him
the lovely lakes of Killarney." "Yes,"
growled Scriven, "I suppose, the bot
tom of them." "Indeed, no," retorted
Dan, "and for this simple reason—your
facy would frighten the fish.5' Dean
Swift, having preached an assize ser
mon in Ireland, was invited to dine
with the judges, and, having by his
sermon considered the uses and abuse
of the law, he then pressed a little hard
upon those counselors who plead causes
which they know in their consciences
to be wrong. When dinner was over
and the wine began to circulate, a
young barrister retorted upon the dean,
and after some fencing, the counsellor
asked him: "If the devil were to die
might not a parson be found who for
money would preach his funeral ser
mon?" "Yes, sir," quickly replied
Swift. "1 would gladly be the man,
and I would then give the devil his due,
as I have this day done his children."
In speaking of a learned sergeant who
gave a confused and elaborate explana
tion of some point
of.
law, Curran ob­
served that whenever that grave coun
sellor endeavored to uphold a principle
of law, he put him in mind of a fool
whom he once saw try to open an oys
ter with a rolling pin. An attorney in
Dublin having died in great poverty,
A SHILLING SUBSCRIPTION
was set on foot to pay the expenses of
his funeral. Most of the. attorneys and
barristers having subscribed, one of
them applied to Mr. Toler, afterwards
Lord Chief Justice Norbury, express
ing the hope that he would also sub
scrihe his shilling. "Only a shilling, a
shilling to bury an attorney. Here is a
guinea go and bury one-and-twenty of
them." When Lord Thurlow was lord
chancellor, Pepper Ardeu was master
of the rolls. The chancellor greatly dis
liked Mr. Arden. and frequently
showed bis distaste with little mitiga
tion. When a messenger once went
with his honor's request and regrets
that he could not sit at the rolls, fc!u
superior judge demanded in a voice of
thunder: "What ails him*?"' "Please,,
your lordship, he is laid up with Eng
lish cholera," answered the messenger.
"Let him take an act of Parliament,"
retorted the ungracious chancellor,.
with one of those amiable twitches of
his visual, organs in which he was La
the habit of indulging. "Let him try.
to swallow that. There is nothing so
binding." At a provincial law society
dinner not long ago the president called
upon the senior attorney to give as a,
toast the person whom he considered.
the best friend of the profession. "Cer
tainly," was the response, "the roar*
who makes his own will," "I hoar..'" said'
somebody to JeckylL "that our-friend
Smith, the attorney, is dead. and leaves
very few effects." "He could scarcely
do otherwise," returned Jecky.ll, "be-,
had so very few causes," A counsel',
thought that he would overcome Lord):.
Nor bury on the bench. One a&y a is..
lordship was charging s. jury. and-iuH
address was interrupted by the braying
of an ass. "What noise is thatV" cried!.
Lord Norbury. 'Tis only the echo oL
the court, my lord," answered counsel
Nothing disconcerted, the judge re
sumed his address, but soon the barris
ter was compelled to interpose with
technical objections to the charge..
While stating them the ass again
brayed. "One at a time, if you please./"
remarked his lordship, with a sarcastic
smile.
League Delegates.
Three thousand persons assemble*?
August 8, to bid good-bye to the dele
gates to the meeting of the Irish .Na
tional League of America. Mr. O'Brier.a,
in reply to an address, said that he was?
going to confer with the greater Xrehwiicl'
across the ocean on the political sitaa
tion. Should coercion be attempted:?,,
he said, Ireland would be ready to meet
it undaunted, in the meantime he ad
vised every Irishman to do his utmost
to maintain peace in order not to give it
pretext for coercion. Mr. Redmond.,
iu a speech, said that nothing less thaz.,
Mr. Gladstone's measure would satisfy
Ireland.
Michael Davits and the Land League,
Davitfc organized the first National
Land League in 1879. His programs
consisted mainly of fixity of tenove,.
fair rents, and the establishment of a
peasant proprietary. He was arrested
under the administration of the Earl of
Beaconsfield, but the prosecution
dropped soon after the next change o£
ministry. Subsequently he was again
arrested, in the period of the first Glad
stone government, charged with "in
citement to crime." The period o£ hit
ticket-of-leave had not expired, and he
was sent back to Portland prison ,where
he was confined a year and a half. Re
suming his work of agitation upon his
release he was once more put in prison,,
this latest time in Ireland. He was in
carcerated four months. The magni
tude of Davitt's work for the Land!
League is suggested in the following
figures: The organization had a cesv
tral office in Dublin and about /ifteeit»
hundred local branches. More than &
million dollars was sent to its aid from.
America. It was suppressed, but majf
be said to re-exist in the National
League.
A Liberal Manifesto.
The .National-Liberal federation, the
outgrowth of Mr. Chamberlain"s for
saken caucus, has issued a manifesto,,
saying: "Although the result of the
elections has not realized our hopes
the situation is encouraging, he sup
porters of half measures being the
smallest group in Parliament. Mr
Gladstone has secured the support of
vast majority of the Liberals and Lib
era! organizations. As far as the fed
eration is concerned, the results of the
appeal to the country completely justify
the course takes by its council. Greatly,
as we regret our losses, the manner i»
which Liberals responded to Mr. Glad
stone's appeal proves that the federa
tion represents the real opinion of- th?
Liberal party. That party, being «om~
mitted to effecting union between Engr-'
land and Ireland, will never abandon*
that object until the goal' has been.
reached. No progress is possible in
1 liberal work until that has been settled.,
nor will the Conservatives be able to
indulge in congenial inactivity. It is
the imperative duty of the Liberals to...
obtain at the earliest possible moment
an explicit statement of the Tory policy,
in regard to Ireland. The Gladstone-.
policy still lives, and its ultimate
triumph is assured.

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