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LABOUGHERE ON IRELAND. rge and Enthusiastic Home Rule testing in Manchester, Eng land, at Which THE EDITOR OF LONDON TRUTH Is the Uhief Speaker, and He Sooies 4te Tory Government in a Most Unmerciful Manner. Mr. Labouchere was the chief speaker at a great Home Rule meeting held in St. James*' Hall, Manchester. There "were six or seven thousand persons present, and the proceedings were of -a very enthusiastic character. The chair was taken by Mr. Southon, and amongst those present were Mr. R. Peacock, H. P. Mr. A. D. Provand, M. P. Mr. Caleb Wright, M. P. Mr. W. H. Holland-, Mr. B. Pickard, M. P., etc. After some remarks from the chairman Mr. A. I. Provand, M. P., moved: "That the best interests both of Great Britain and Ireland imperatively re quire that the great effort to give a better Government to Ireland, which was begun by Mr. Gladstone, should be firmly persevered in until a desirable settlement is arrived at that such a settlement must meet the views and wishes of the Irish electors as ex pressed by their constitutional repre sentatives in Parliament and that the only plan which will satisfy either the justice or the policy or the case is that of an Irish legislative body for the management of what Parliament shall decide to be distinctly Irish affairs." He urged that it was their duty to force the Government at the earliest possible moment to inform the public what really was their policy in refer ence to Ireland, because he believed that the present quietude rented simply upon hope in the Liberal party (cheers). Mr. Caleb Wright, M. P., seconded the resolution, which was put and cor ri6d unanimously. Mr. II. Labouchere, M. P., on rising to speak, was received with loud cheers. He said that a great political fog now existed, but they did not mean that to be permanent. It was true that they sustained a great defeat at the last ©lection, and the guns which they them selves hoped to wield were turned against them by their own friends (hear, hear.) This state of affairs, how ever, could not be permitted to exist but to remove it the Liberal party must have a good programme to fiuht for. He believed that the Manchester school of polities, which was not now for the first time heard of, had become the Radical school of the country (hear). The fall of the last Government was due to two causes, one direct, and one indirect. In the first place they had not a full and sufficient programme, and Liberal performances did not always come up to Liberal promises (cheers). But now they had the Home Rule pro gramme of Mr. Gladstone and upon that he believed they were all agreed (cheers). He had been a Home Ruler for many years, and he believed that the bill of Mr. Gladstone would have passed into law had common sense pre vailed and had not misrepresentation been macie by those who had an interest in misrepresentation /cheers), There was no doubt that Ireland was dis satisfied. There could be no doubt also that there were differences between England and Ireland—differences of race and nationality, and a sea divided them (loud cheers). He was not going to refer to the wisdom of their ancestors —tb/y miaht have been all right in their way, but the world had progressed since they betook themselves to their graves (laughter). But the wisdom of their ancestors did "W, not recognize a Par liament in Ireland, and they had swept it away, not ny fair means, but by the barest and vilest corruption (cheers) Since then they had been engaged try ing to make Irishmen Englishmen (a laugh), but in thin they should never succeed (cheers). What had Mr. Chamber! iin been diing of late—where had he betaken himself to? Why to Turkey, in order to persuade the Sultan to give autonomy to the races over which he presided, whereas he would not give autonomy to the Irish people (cheers). However, if the 8ult.au had not.given the autonomy suggested be had given Mr. Chamberlain a snuff box. He had ev?ry reason to believe in the success of the Home Rule project, be cause they could-not cohtinue this war against nature (cheers). He could quite see the reason why the English people could not assent to Home Rule —they believed it would be a?ainst their interest. The classes were asrainst that democracy which had of late vears made such rapid progress (cheers). The Parliament af 1885 was the most radical and democratic which ever assembled, but so lone as the government of the country was in the hands of the classes they could perpetuate the differences WW -rtf m* y: 1 which now existed between this coun try and Ireland (hear, hear). It had been said that Home Rule would de stroy the integrity of the Empire, but the objection, he thought, to that state ment was that it was not true (laugh ter). People spoke of the Irish as a pe culiar people. Lord Salisbury had done so (groans). He seemed to think that the Latin and English races could gov ern themselves, but the Irish and the Hottentots could not do so (laughter). This theory, no doubt, was based upon what Mr. Parnell said a few years ago (cheers for Mr. Parnell). But what was then said? The Irish complained that their system of government was bad, and they asked for local self-govern ment, or they said they would endeavor to brin» about separation (hear, hear). He did not pay much attention to what was said in the heat and excitement of a great struggle, but the Irish 'leaders had never spoken so strongly in favor of separation as the Canadians did, and when they got Home Rule the cry of separation altogether ceased (hear, hear). The Insh were no fools, aud whenever a good reform was suggested they always heard of these dismal prophecies (hear, hear). But what had the tolerant Protestants done? Why, as the effect of the Home Rule strug gle they bad stained Belfast with the blood of their fellow-townsmen, and thej remembered who urged them to do it. That very Tory minister who told them to break into rebellion aud attack the Catholics rather than to submit to Home Rule (hear, hear). All this was done in defence of landlords' rights, which be regarded as tenants' wrongs, and matters of the land, he considered, would be far better left to the decision of an Irish Parliament, which, perhaps, would be able to show an example as to how the land question in England might properly be dealt with (a laugh). Well, they had lost through the pro posals of Mr. Gladstone several mem bers of the Liberal party. They had lost, for instance, Mr. Goschen, but they all knew the attitude he adopted in reference to the county franchise (laughter.) The Liberal and Tory party alike had admitted that he was wrong upon that, point, and why should he be right upon the question of Home Rule (renewed laughter). Then there wa3 Lord Hartington—he was the Rip Van Winkle of the party, and would go to sleep for the next forty years. Then take Mr. Chamberlain and he would bring Lord Hartington as a witness, because whilst Mr. Chamberlain was denouncing Lord Hartington, Lord Hartington was complaining of Mr. Chamberlain as a bandit and robber (hear, hear). Why should they be fools or idiots, however, if they were agreed upon only one point (hear, hear). There was a man, however, he aid regret to see severing himself from the Liberal party, and that was Mr. Bright (cheers). He was sorry to see that eminent states man acting as Moses. He had led the Irish through the desert, had shown them the promised land, and now had declined to cross the river (a laugh). What Mr. Gladstone wanted to do was to give to Ireland a good and satisfac tory Government (cheers). St. Finian, St. Finian was one of the many Irish saints to whom Britain was indebted for rescue from paganism. When a mere youth he journeyed into Wales, where he taught Chris tianity for thirty years. On bis re turn to his native land he became Bishop of Cionard and there founded a seminary of sacred learning, the fame of which spread far and wide and at tracted students from all parts of Eu rope. He established many other schools and monasteries, but Cionard remained the most famous. He was noted for his remarkable austerity, his food being always bread and herbs, his only beverage water, and his bed the bare earth. He died in the year 552. The Abbot of Mungret. Lr. Lanigan does not hold some of the popular opmii ns about St. Nessan or St. Patrick. He says that it is un deniable that St. Nessan was an abbot and most probably of Mungret, Limer ick, but that he cannot mark the pre cise time, He died, the ctor says, in 552 and therefore could not have been placed over Mungret by St. Patrick unless he had lived about 140 years. It is to be observed, however, that in mak ing St. Patrick's death occur in his 78th year. Lanigan goes against the joint authority of the Annals of Ulster and the Annals of the Four Masters, who are followed by Ulster, Ware. Colsan, etc., in assigning the date A.: D. 493 for that event. Lanisan's reasoning is very ingenious he uses very scant ceremony with O'Halloran, Archdal), and Ferrar, whom he de scribes as nonsencial and ridiculous, the two first for statin? that the mon astery of Mungret existed the fourth century, the latter for assigning its foundation to the year 433. THE FIRST COLORED PRIEST Li America Was Not Father Tolton, but a Young Uegro, Whom Rev. Dr. England, THE BISHOP OF CHARLESTON, Sent to France to Prepare for Holy Orders, and Was Afterwards Ordained by His Grace. While Dr. England, bishop of Charles ton, was on a visit to his native city, Cork, he became acquainted with an exceedingly intelligent negi o, an Irish man by birth. After a lew interviews with the young man, he conceived the idea of educating him for the priest hood, believing that he would be ser viceable in that capacity among the negroes in South Carolina, many of whom were Catholics. Consequently he sent him to France to prepare for holy orders. After spending several years in the seminaries, having com-, pleted his studies, the young man came to Charleston and the bishop ordained him, gave him faculties, and sent him on the mission among his bretheren so that Father Tolton is really not the first colored priest. Strange to say, his people received him very coldly, and in fact, gave him to understand that they did not want him, that they preferred white shepherds. This greatly discour aged him, but he labored earnestly for a time, till, finding he could do no good he resolved to leave them and go to Europe, where he could be better re ceived. Accordingly he started to New York to take passage for France. Arriv ing early on a Sunday morning he con cluded to say mass as usual. St. Peter's being the nearest church, he directed his steps thither. The pastor, Dr.P was a native of Cork, like our friend. Having come to the pas toral resiaence, our friend ascended the steps, rang the bell and inquired for the pastor. The servant informed him that the doctor was at breakfast, and pointing to the basement, said: "If you wish to see the doctor, go down there." Having closed the hall door, the ser vant ran down to the doctor and told him that a "very conceity looking black man.''' was coming down to see him on important business. "Tell him to come in here," said the doctor. When our friend entered the room the doctor, without rising from the table, bowed politely to the man and said, with a rich Cork accent: •'Good morning, sir." "Good morning kindly," replied our friend, with just as rich a brogue. The doctor, surprised at the accent, looked carefully at the man, and said to him very inquiringly: "What countryman are you, sir?" vTm an Irishman, sir." "An.Irishman?" said the doctor, still more surprised. "Yes sir, an Irishman." "Then what part of Ireland are you from?" "I'm from Cork, sir." "Were you born there?" said the doctor, perfectly astonished. ."I was, sir." replied our friend. "What is your occupation?" said the doctor. "I have the honor of being a clergy man—a priest." "A priest?" exclaimed the doctor. "Yes sir," was the answer. "Who, in the name of God, tell me, ordained you?" "Bishop England, sir," said our friend. This was too much for the doctor, so he called the servant to show the man the door. A black priest was, in his opinion, bad enough, but he thought it was carrying the joke too far for the man to try to pass for a Cork man and a priest ordained by Bishop England so he motioned towards the door, and said: "Clear off you are a base im poster." "Allow me to show you my creden tials," said our friend, proceeding to unlock his valise. So, having produced the documents, together with some let ters of recommendation and his exeat from Bishop England, he was permitted to sit down and explain matters. Even then the doctor was not alto gether convinced till he had questioned him in Latin and on certain theological points. Having received correct an swers, in Classical Latin, to his ques tions, he excused himself for his incre dulity "but" said he, "I am afraid, to allow you to say mass in the church. These New Yorkers are very unruly people, and 1 am afraid they would do some damage to you, as they are not all friendly to the black men. However I have no objection to allow you to say mass privately in the ba.ement of the church, or in the house here, which ever you choose." Our friend, seeing the great prejudice that existed, and having had experience [among men of his own color, thought his best policy would be to keep "dark" so he thanked the doctor for the privi lege, and proceeded yery quietly to the Chapel in the basement, the doctor hav ing told him that he would send over two or three boys to serve his mass. When our friend had left, the doctor called the servant and told her to send for boys to serve that man's mass. "What!" exclaimed the girl, "is that colored man a priest?" "Yes, indeed, he is," said the doctor "he showed me his papers, and I ques tioned him. He's all right." "Oh, glory be to God! Wonders will never cease. Well, well, what is it you won't see in America? But you didn't spake Latin to him, doctor? "Yes I did, and he speaks Latin very correctly." So off she went on her message to the altar boys. After allowing the man sufficient time to vest and get on the altar, her curiosity was so exci! ed she resolved to hear the mass. She heard the poor man saving mass so devoutly, and in tones as sweet and correct as any priest she had heard in the "ould dart." She did not pray much, how ever, for she kept eyes, mouth and ears open till the very end of the mass, and then hastened back to the house to pre pare breakfast for him, and she did it willingly, after hearing him say mass. It is reported this priest is still living in France, where he received a warm welcome. How Gordon Died- By the kindness of Sir John Kirk, British consul-general to Zanzibar, I have just received the following copy of a letter from the Madhi to the gover nor-general of equatorial Africa, giv ing details of the capture of Khartoum, says a correspondent of a New York paper. This letter was sent to Emin Pasha, Turkish viceroy of equatorial Africa, as a proof of Gordon's death, and with a demand for Emin's surren der thence it was forwarded to Sir John Kirk. The letter is dated 12 Raab 1302 (April 28,1885). It begins: "From the miserable Mahomed Ahmed, who it, called El Mahdi, to his miserable wali, Karamela El Sheikh. From the poor slave of God, El Mahdi Bin Ab dullah,.to his friend and governor God grant him etc. I preseu to you many excellent salaams." etc. Then—"I in form you, my good friend, that accord ing to the fulfilled promise of God, the city of Khartoum was entered on the 9th Rabeen El Akhur (Jan. 29,1885) at daybreak, through helpers of our reli gion who were ready and jumped over ditches, acting upon the command of the Lord who rules the world. It was in a quarter of an hour or less that they came upon the enemies of the Lord, there cutting them off, even from be ginning to end of them. Notwithstand ing they were strong with their arms of strength, they fled away before the troops of God. Though thinking, to obtain safety by entering their enclos ures and shutting the doors, they were met face to face and hewn with swords and stabbed with spears until THJSIR CRIES WERE TERRIBLE. They were cut in pieces at once there upon the ground. Then the troops of God fell upon the rest of ths people, who had shut their doors, fearing a like fate. They were taken up and killed properly. None were left but little children and slaves. But as to the enemy of God, Gordon, though we nad warned him and talked kindly to him-, that he might return to God, yet he never did so, because his miserable slate was foreordained by God. Be cause of his foolishness he was removed by God to the place of His wrath, which is a bad place to remain in. The eud of this guilty people is that they were cut off, which—thanks be to God— befalls those who are to receive fire a. their reward, while light is reserved for those who receive heaven as their dwell ing place. By the providence of God there were ten persons only killed in this holy strife for Khartoum. The rest of our people received neither wound nor hurt. All has happened by the providence of God, and we bow our heads in thanks to God for the help re ceived from Him. May you also do so. Bow your heads to God aud thank His holy name." This letter is sealed by the Madhi, and was the first informa matio that Emin Pasha had of Gor don's death and the fall of Khartoum. In fact, it is the first official informa tion England has received of. Gordon's death. The Bay of Dundrum. This bay where St. Patrick landed in Dovn in,432 was anciently called In bher Sluing. The river rises in the barony of Castlereagh, and takes a southerly course falls in the north end of the bay mentioned. THE Franciscan community have pe tioned the Provincial legislature for a site on which to build a monastery in La Pista. FAMOUS IRISH-CANADIANS. The Hon. John Oostigan, Minister of In land Eevsnue, a Representative Irish-Canadian Catholic. EX-SPEAKER T. W. ANGLIN. A Large Number of Journalists Who Are .Either Irishmen or of Irish Extrac tion, and Proud of Their Ancestry. In Canadian public life, rites the Do minion correspondent of the Boston Pilot, the Irishman looms up as prom inently and creditably as his brother in other climes, and is invariably found amoug those who succeed in mounting to the topmost rungs of the ladders of fame and fortune. No Government in the Dominion can be found without one or two representatives o? the Green Isle being included among its members, while some of the largest enterprises in the country are either owned or di rected by Irishmen. In literature, art and the sciences, the ubiquitous race comes to the front, and the roll of honor in each case invariably has inscribed on it a generous quota of names of Hiber nian origin. True, the record cannot be compared to the glorious one made by our brethren in the great republic south of us but, among a population of over a down times smaller in size than our powerful neighbor, we Irish Canadians haye no reason to feel ashamed of the progress we have made in an infant country, the chief draw back of which is that it lies under the British flag. Did the flag of the free, the liberty inspiring Stars and Stripe3, float over us, Erin's sons in this far Northern latitude would mount to diz zier heights of fame under its fostering influence. GGd speed the day for such a happy consummation 1 SOME PROMINENT IRISH-CANADIANS. Pacing- briskly up and down the marble lobby of the Russell, the palace hotel of the Canadian capita], every fine afternoon may be observed a stout, fresh-looking gentleman of tall stature, neatly dressed in a suit of dark tweed and wearing a heavy moustache in which silver hairs are intertwined with those of darker hue. As he puffs a choice Partega, bis eyes never leave the smoothly polished blocks which lie traverses up and down repeatedly, till a seeming reverie is broken by a hotel messenger, who hastily hauds the gen tleman a letter addressed "The lion. John Costigan." The receiver of the document is Canada's Minister of In land Revenue, to whom the Irishmen of the Dominion look proudly as a worthy representative in the Govern ment. He is a man apparently a little over the prime of life, and has a quiet, earnest-like address which pleases one who enters into conversation with him. Though not what might be called a brilliant statesman, this Irish-Canadian is reckoned among the leading parlia mentarians of the country, and is re cognized as being an unflinching advo cate, in the Cabinet, ol the claims of his fellow-countrymen to a fair share of Government patronage. The Hon. John Costigan is a native of the ancient capital, having been born in Quebec city 51 years ago. When si ill a child his parents removed to New Brunswick, where the future Cabine Mr. .VI iuister re ceived the rudiments of education at Victoria College. His school-days, with the exception of two years spent at St. Anne's College, Quebec, were all passed at the former institution, and the youthful scholar early showed signs of attaining to an honored position in after life. At the age of 25 young Ccs tigan entered political life, successfully contesting the united constituencies of Madawaska aud Victoria counties, •Slew Brunswick, for the Provincial As sembly, for which he held his seat con tinuously until the Confederation in 1867. Since that year he has repre sented the same constituency ably and we'll in the Dominion Parliament. When the question of uniting ail the provinces into one whole first came up, Mr.-Costigan opposed it but once con federation was carried, he gave it his strong support. He ha« contested seven elections, and ha3 been defeated but once, and that at the time he opposed the measure, above mentioned. He is the father of two sons and two'daugh ters, one of the latter, Miss Bertha Costigan, a graduate of a leading con vent, having been led to the altar a few mouths since by Captain D. C. Bliss, a .young Ottawa Artillery officer, who be came a convert to Catholicity previous to gaining the young lady's hand. The lion. Costigan was the mover of the famous Irish Relief resolution in 1882, when the Canadian Parliament voted $100,000 towards the starviug pooratbome and again, last year, he was the party proposing the motion in favor of Home Rule for Ireland, which was passed by the Dominion leuL-da tors, although the latter resolution was not as strong and outspoken as one moved in the same direction by the Hon. Edward Blake, another Irish Canadian. and defeated. In the Irish Relief measure, he was vigorously sup ported by Mr. Blake. The ministerial representative from 2s ew Brunswick is equally as popular with Protestants as with those of bis own faith, and is de cidedly a credit to the Irish-Catholic element of Canada, which recognized his worth by placing him in the honor able position he occupies. HON. FRANK SMITH. Another Irish-Catholic member of the Government, but without port folio, is the Hon. Frank Smith, a genial and pleasaut-looking statesman in his fifbv-fourth year. He first saw ii-jht in Richfield, County Armagh, in 1S32, and came to Canada at an early age with his father, the family settling near Toron to. From 1849 to 1867, Frank Smith carried on business in London, Ontario, in the latter year removing to the now great commercial city of Toronto, where he established a wholesale gro cery business, carried on by him suc cessfully to the present day. While in London-the• Less, Mr. Smith was many years returned as alderman, and was elected mayor of that city in 1866. He took a warm interest in polities, and was called to the Senate in 1871 by a Conservative Government in the inter ests of which paity he has always iden tified himself. As a mark of apprecia tion of his abilities as a statesman, and out of regard for the Irish Catholics of Ontario, Sir John Macdonald chose the Hon Mr. Smith as a member of his Government, after the last general elections, at the same time n-aking John O'Donoghue, another Toronto Irish Catholic, a Senator. The subject of this brief sketch, as a capitalist em ploying much labor, enjoys much, popu larity. Besides being connected with some large "institutions, he is also president of the Northern Extension Railway and of the Toronto Savings Bank, in addition to acting a3 director, oi the Dominion Bank. His duties as a mere member of the Cabinet without portfolio are but nominal, and although exercising a foil voice ih the delibera tions of the Privy Council, he rarely visits the Capital, except during the session of Parliament. HON. JOHN O'CONNOR. A Boston boy-midget of scarce four years, John O'Connor, with iris lit til ti hand tightly clasped in the rough grasp of his father—rough with honest toil— came to Canada from the "Hub" in 1828, and the family settled in a wilder ness of forest at what is now known as Maidstone, Essex County, Ontario. Here, when large enough, he helped his parent to make a clearing, and it «rus while cutting down a tree in. the depth of winter near his home that one of his legs was pinned down by a falling pine, and was afterwards amputated. Yet so skilfully has been replaced by one of cork tha* none but intimate friends would notice the gentlemau's art tidal limb at the present day. After endur ing the hardships of a pioneer in a new and unsettled country, young O'Con nor's father gradually found himself in a position to send his apt son to school, where the latter soon developed a de cided taste for learning. Preparing himself for the Bar, he was admitted to practice in 1854. He noted respectively, as reeve of the townsnip of tVindsor, find warden of E.-.sex County, also serv ing for 12 years us chairman of the Windsor Board of Education.. Re turned to Parliament in 1867. and cre ated a Queerf" Counsel in 1872, t-krousdi his legal attainments, he was nworn in. a member of the Privy Council in the same year, aud made Minister of Inland Revenue. In 1878, he again came to Parliament as representative of Kusr-ell County, Ontario, and asssumed the du ties of Postmaster-General. Retiring from, this position some three years since, he was raised to the Upper Can ada Queen's Bench, which he now graces with dignity. He was the aur thor of "Letters Addressed to the Gov ernor-General on the Subjec- of .Fe nian ism (1870,)" and showed touch tal ent in dealing with that then much" vexed question. The Hon. John O'Con nor is a hale, hearty old gentleman, much liked, and happily blending ia his characteristics Yankee wit with Irish humor and Canadian simplicity. EX SI'-KAKEII ANGLIN. Hon. Timothy Warren Anglin, Ex Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons, although not exactly from '•Cork's own to^n," was born within 50 miles of the famous Cove, in the town of Clonakilty, and e.ime to bn. John, New Brunswick, in the memor able year of '48, when a young man. A year afterwards he established the--.-. Morning Freeman, now a tri-weeklv newspaper. He sat in the New Bi uns wick Legislature for St. John com ty from 1861 to 1868, and has repievented GloiicesterTN~B-,J.ii.lhe-ilQiise of Tom mons since 1867. During ihe Grit ad (Conclude/d on eighth page.) A# I '•'H 'r I i.