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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, March 26, 1887, Image 1

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•j «i Phi!
pot Currran's Burial-place—
He Sleeps Beside
•ii&torieal Eemmiscencss of the
cient Village of G-las
Tbe very ancient village of Glasnevi
.'ving nt a distance of little more than
wo miles i'roru the general postoffice,
Dublin, is a place, in itself, of higli in
erest. Its name figures at an early pe
riod in the Ecclesiastical History of
During the earlier half of the last
century Glasnevin was the abode or
vrysting-place of some of ths greatest
vits and thinkers of the age. Its gar
tens occupy a space which formerly be
longed to the demesne of Tickell, the
poet. Here, there is every reason to
believe, did Dermody weave not a few
)f his brightest fancies. Here, too,
probably did Sheridan conceive some of
•lis thrilling plots, and Addison revel in
••lis happiest fancies.
Delvilb wan the joint creation of two
men who in a measure, and in a certain
groove leri Dublin society in their day—
/is., Doctors Delaney and Helsham.
"Prouder," says Scott of Dr. Delaney,
'more caution or more interested than
Sheridan, he kept aioof from the horse
play of raillery which passed between
the latter and the Dean, and which un
avoidably lowers in a certain degree the
man whose good huraov is contented to
submit to it. He made court to the
t)ean by verses less humorous but more
elegant than those of Sheridan, and he
also had his answer in the style he used.
The distinction which the Dean made
between them is obyious from his ex
horting Delaney to impress ori Sheri
dan the sense of propriety and self-re
spect in which he thought him de
Close to Delville, in fact beneath the
shadow of its boundary wall, as has
been pointed out in'my recent article,
lie the remains of the patriot Emmet.
At a short distance westward and sepa
rated from the classic grounds of the
''Glasnevin Gardens'' by the historic
river Toika, which in this portion of
its course seems sadly to mourn an
eternal requiem, extends the Pere-ie
Cliai.se of Ireland, otherwise Prospect
Cemetery—verily a Place of Tombs—a
migh:y City of the Dead. Here, it is
almost needless to say, are interred
hosts of the best arid mo-1
and beloved of our people of all ranks
who have passed away within compara
tively recent days. Here rest tbe re
mains of Ireland's most illustrious son,
O'Connell. in whose honor the beauti
ful and lofty round tower, which looks
down, as it should, upon all other
monuments in the place that has been
ereated. Perhaps of the lasnevin Diem
ori a lb the subject of my present illus
tration, the monument of John Fbilpot
Curran, ranks next in point of interest
to that of the Liberator.
Curran was born in 17-50, at Hewmar
.ket, county of Cork, where his father
was seneschal of a Manor Court. His
mother, whose maiden name was Phil
pot, has been described as a very su
perior woman and her illustrious son
was wont to trace to her such talent as
he admitted he possessed. At an early
date he evinced great aptitude for
learning and it was determined by his
parents to send him to the Dublin Uni
versity, which, in 1769, he entered as a
sizar. In 1773 he proceeded to London
to serve his time in the Middle Temple,
and two years later was called to the
bar. During Ins professional career, as
in private life, he was invariably the
friend of Ireland's Irieuds: if he had
any foes they were the enemies' of his
It would be impossible here to pre
sent even a sketch of the great orator's
life. Suffice it to say that Curran was
perhaps the most prominent among the
many great men who, by their legal at
tainments and eloquence, made the
Irish Ear so illustrious during a period
"when it was "treason to love her' (Ire
land) and death to defend." He was
emphatically the most brilliant of
Erin's orators, and was so considered
by" contemporaries who could have pos
sessed little sympathy with his political
"Where Grattan, Curran, Sheridan
and those who bound the Bar and Sen
ate with their skill," wrote Byron.
There were giants of debate in those
days, but the race seems to have all but
died out with O'Connell.
Currau died in 1817, and was buried
in the vault of Paddington Church,
London. 'Twenty years," as stated by
Petrie in 1831, "has nearly lapsed, and
no stone marked the grave where Cur
ran" was interred." To the managing
committee of the cemetery of Glasne­
vin belongs the merit in this eminent
instance of setting an example which
may remove or mitigate the humiliat
ing truth that Ireland was habitually
neglectful of the posthumous reputa
tion of her great men. The committee
claimed for Ireland the bones of Cur
rau, which were transferred from Eng
land to the cemetery over which they
The tomb is in the form of a sarco
phagus of the Doric order. The material
is Irish granite of the iinest description,
and of most beautiful appearance.
When illumined by sunshine the monu
ment sparkles, as if studded with in
numerable diamonds. The late I. T.
Papwortli, A. E. H. A., of Dublin, was
the architect who conducted its con
The example of erecting a monument
to an illustrious Irishman, set by the
managing committee of the cemetery,
has been well followed, but still much
remains to be done.
Jury Packing-.
I wrote in terms of indignation last
week of the jury-packing in Dunlin. It
was a deliberate outrage on the Catho
lic religion, implying as plainly as pos
sible that a Catholic was unworthy of
trust even when on his oath. The pro
tests which have been made by the
Irish Episcopacy against the action of
the Government show that this is the
light in which the "trials" are regarded
by the spiritual guides of the Irish peo
ple. The Most Rev. Dr. Walsh, in for
warding to the editor of the Freeman's
Journal £10 for the Defense Fund, ex
presses the opinion that the jury has
not been fairly empaneled, but, "most
unfairly packed," and Archbishop
Croke. in sending a contribution to
the same fund, in startling language
suggests a strike against the payment
of taxes "to a Government that uses
them not for the public good and in
accordance with the declared wishes of
the tax-payers, but in direct, and delib
erate opposition to them.His Grace
is outspoken enough in his denuncia
tion of the present system of govern
ment in Ireland. "Our money," he
says, "go°s to fee and feed a gang of
needy and voracious lawyers, to pur
chase bludgeons for policemen to be
used in smashing the skulks of our peo
ple, and generally for the support of
foreign garrisons or native slaves who
I ate and despise everything Irish and
every genuine Irishman. The police
man is pampered arid paid the patriot
i3 persecuted. Our enforced taxes go
to sustain the one we must further
freely tax ourselves to defend the other.
How long, I ask, is this to be tolera
The Most Eey. Dr. Donnelly, Bishop
of Cioglier, has also condemned the jury- ^es
packing- in a spirited letter, in which he
urges the necessity of stoutly support
ing the gallant men who are lighting
the battle of the rack-rented tenantry.
Archbishop MacEvilly, of Tuam, in
Bending his contribution to the fund, is
equally emphatic. "In former times,"
he says, "our people were robbed of the
fruits earned by the sweat of their
brow. In these days it is sought to rob
them of their character by branding
tnem wholesale as perjurers of the
Catholic faith. Can an\ man with a
spark of Catholic feeling within his
heart fail to resent this gross affront
put upon us all?"
In the opinion of the Most He v. Dr.
Giilooly, Bishop of Elphin, it were bet
ter far that the Government should sus
pend or abolish altogether the hypocriti
cal pretence of trial by jury than use it
as an engine for crushing and removing
political opponents. Such abuse of a
free and timehonored institution es
pecially iu Ireland, and in the present
condition of the country, should, His
Lordship believes, convince even the
most unreasoning opponents of Home
Rule of the hopelessness of ever seeing
Ireland contented, peaceful, or prosper
ous under English-made laws, adminis
tered by an English, or English ap
pointed, executive. Tbe Most
A Brief Review of St. Augustine's Early
Manhood—His Pride of Intellect
and Its Oure.
A Master of Controversy--A Page From
the Early History of the
Catholic Church,
Looking back through past ages, ob
serves the Dublin ."Nation,, and con
templating the indistinct pictures we
possess of great nations, great men
and great events, we see a few figures
stand out boldly amid the surrounding
gloom, and thus impart some degree of
life and spirit to epochs of which little
else is visible. Such, indeed, would
seem to be the effect of a great man
destined to mould the ideas of his age,
and appear to future generations as its
best representative. Men of this stamp
are rare, and although the cause of
truth has seldom lacked talented up
holders and apologists, yet it is mat
ter for regret that there are not more
whose splendid gifts are devoted to the
maintenance and propagation of cor
rect principles. For those who would
aspire to tills task of guiding the cur
rent of human thought into proper
channels, a nobler model could scarcely
be found than St. Augustine of Hippo.
Ilis life from first to iast is typical of
the half-pagan, half Christian world of
his time. .Fifty years after the close of
the great persecution inaugurated by
Diocletian and Gale-rius. 1-50 from the
time of Tertullian, the violent blows of
the Roman Empire had recoiled upon
itself, and the Christian Church rose in
all the beauty of her majestic organiza
tion from the ca/tacombs, where her in
fancy had been protected. Her dom
inion had extended widely, and the
words of Tertullian to the Pagans were
then more applicable than ever: We
are but of yesterday, and yet we till all
that you have—your towns, islands,
fortresses, camps, the palace, the sen
ate, the law courts the only thing we
leafe entirely to you are the temples."
Yet the victory of the Church over im
perial Rome was not without its alloy
of evil. The errors of the Arians,
Maniclneans and Donatists now en
gaged public attention, and in addition
the luxury and corruption of the time
seduce not a few of those who had
been born in the faith. This was es
pecially the case in Africa, where the
widespread Donatist schism had re
duced the Church to a condition of the
greatest distress, and hindered her as
well from discharging her ordinary du-
Rev. Dr.
Lynch, Coadjutor-Bishop of Kildare
and Leiglilin, also expresses his ap
proval of the conduct of Mr. Dillon and
his friends, and shows that he regards
them as real friends of the poor and the
The list of contributors is swelled by
the names of many other prominent
men, and there is a consensus of opin
ion that the jury-packing system could
not have been illustrated in a more
barefaced and discreditable manner.
The trials in Greenwich street, which
have been marked by several lively en
counters between Mr. T. M. Healy and
Mr. Peter O'Brien, are drawing to a
close as I write, and the verdict of the
jury will soon be given. This much I
can safely say, that whatever it may be,
it will have little moral weight owing
to the course pursued by the authori
ties.—Cor. Liverpool Catholic Times.
The Manitoba is expected to grade
extensions north from Aberdeen to Bis
marck and south to Watertown.
from promoting civilization and
true progress. In such a time Augus
tine was born. Reared in the Pagan
schools of Madaura and Carthage, the
Christian sentiments instilled by his
mother, Monica, were speedily ob
literated, and corrupt companions soon
led him along the downward path of
vice. It is not then to be wondered at
that, his morals once undermined, the
scant knoAtfledge he possessed of the
Christian faith should fade from his
mind, and its place be taken by a host
of erors and absurdities. For indeed,
the Manichajan doctrines which he
then adopted, although coming from a
sect professing to be guided entirely by
the light of reason, were such as only a
darkened intellect or a diseased fancy
could invent or imagine. We have
neither sufficient space nor desire to en
ter into a detailed account of what
these principles were. But the author
of the life under review has given an
extract from St. Augustine's work, "De
Ut.ilitate Credendi," which is not with
out its bearing upon some theories of
our own day: "Thou knowest, Hon
oratus, that for this reason alone did
we fall into the hands of these men—
namely, that they professed to free us
from all error, and bring us to 'Od by
pure reason alone, without that terrible
principle of authority. For what else
induced me to abandon the faith of my
childhood and follow these men for
almost nine years, except their asser
tion that wre were terrified by supersti
tioa into a faith blindly imposed upon
our reason, while they urged no one to
believe until the truth was fully dis
cussed and proved? Who would not be
seduceJ by such promises, especially if
he were a proud, coutentious young
man, thirsting for truth, such as they
then fouud me?" What these pre
tenders to right reasoning taught him
he tells in the Confessions.
brought by insensible degrees to believe
such fooleries as that when a fig is
gathered, it and its mother tree weep
milky tears and if eaten by some
Manichsean saint, though plucked by
another's crime, it sends forth angels
nay, even particles of God Himself."
How he fought his way out of these er
rors the seventh book' of the Confes
sions details, and if any one is desirous
of realizing the greatness of Augustine's
mental powers, **e cannot do better
.. fesltlf
L_ I I
than study and admire there at once
the closeness and the clearness of his
logic. But with the expulsion of false
ideas and the apprehension of the truth
came the recognition of his own moral
deformity, and in a couple of years his
conversion was complete, the Easter of
the year 387 being the date of his bap
tism. The fervent prayers of his
mother Monica had been heard iu a
manner far surpassing her expectations.
Soon after 1
lis conversion she died, and
August-iue lived at Tagaste, his birth
place, for three year.*, engaged, as Po
sidius tells us, with his disciples "in
fasting, prayer and good, works medi
tating day and night the law of the?
Lord and Jiving entirely for God." It
w-as not, however, the will of God that
he should remain in this retirement.
The need of the Church was great, and
the time had come when Providence,
overruling everything for good, turned
the moral and intellectual struggles of
his early manhood to account for the
salvation of his countrymen. His
fame as a rhetorician was great, and
the works he had already written
against the Manichieans, joined to the
sanctity of his ne life, exalted him in
the minds of tbe people. The discipline
of the Church had not attained its pres
ent perfection,so that the desire of the
inhabitants of many districts to have
Augustine as their bishop was not
deemed extraordinary. But he avoided
all places where Episcopal Sees were
vacant until on one occasion he re
ceived a pressing invitation from a high
official at Hippo, who was very anxious
to consult him about the affairs of his
soul. Charity did not allow him to re
fuse this, especiaily as Hippo had its
own bishop and clergy. He went there
in his monastic dress without fear but
one day as he was in the church, the
bishop, Valerius, announced to die
people that he found it necessary to or
dain an additional priest. All eyes were
at once turned on Augustine they in
sisted on presenting him to the bishop
he protested, entreated and even wept
but all to no purpose. Fearing to re
sist the will of God, he at last gave his
The Handle of the. Golden Censer of Pha
raoh Hophar Received in Boston.
One of the most interesting and val
uable relics of antiquity, recently ex
humed in the Delta of the Niie has just
arrived in Bos ion. It is the undoubt
edly authentic double armed handle of
the golden Censer of Pharaoh Hophar,
found by Mr. Flinders Petrie, the
archaeological digger of the Egyptian
Exploration. Fund, at Tel Defenneh, in
the north-eastern corner of the Delta
of the-Nile. It is of pure solid gold,
shining and rich beyond description,
curiously, intricately, and laboriously
wrought, each arm decorated with the
graceful lotus-leaf design, and is worth,
at the smallest calculation, simply as
gold bullion, §600. How is it known to
be authentic, and the property of the
late Pharaoh Hophar, who died ome
where about 2,532 years ago? The
answer to that question, the Transcript
says, is too long to give in detail, but
the forty-third chapter of the book of
Jeremiah tells how the great pessimist
ofJudea. Jeremiah himself, found his
way to the ''House of Pharaoh" in this
same Defenneh (he called it Tahpanhes)
and how some Jewess princesses, the
daughters of Zedediah, took refuge in
this same fortress, called the house of
Pharaoh. The ground that, marks the
place, and in which this beautiful gold
ornament was found, is called to this
day by the Arabs the castle of the Jew's
The Rev. Mr. Wioslow7, who is the
Amarican guide, philosopher and friend
of the Egyptian Exploration Fund, is
held in great esteem by the English
patrons ana managers of the enter
prise, and has managed to secure not
only this elic of Pharaoh Hophar, but
many other interesting articles from
the ruins of the Palace Castle at
Daphnse that might otherwise have
gone into the great grave of antiquity,
the British Museum, and has them now
in charge, though they are not all out
of the Custom House.—Boston Re
Mrs. Society: "I suppose you never
hear of your daughter who eloped with
that young bricklayer?" Mrs. Oidfam:
"Yes, he has got rich, and they are liv
ing in Hew York fine style." "That
ii a comfort, certainly. Has the foreign
nobleman who married your other
daughter returned to his castles yet?"
'•Oh, no he is just in love with Amer
ica, and says he wouldn't think of re
turning." "Indeed! Where have they
been during the past three or four
years?" "Visiting the bricklayer."—
There is a conflict of authority be
tween the United States.and the state
in the Harrows case at Brainerd.
United States District Attorney Bax
ter is on the ground, and the United
States marshal still holds the prisoner.
A Meeting to Vindicate Ireland's Eight
to Liberty Held in the Oity
of Glasgow.
The Speaker Ably Defends the Plan of
Campaign -An Imperative
The "Glasgow Observer" in the last
number received in our mail, contains
the following account of a mass meet
ing of Irishmen in Glascow, presided
over by Father Murphy.
Shortly after 8 o'clock, the secretary
Mr. Fitzgerald, announced that it
wouid be some time before Dr. Tanner
would arrive and in the mean time he
moved that Father Murphy of Uddiugs
ton take the chair.
Father Mnrpuy, wno was enthusiasti
cally received, said he had to congratu
late the natives of the three southern
provinces and their friends from the
north, who were present that evening.
(Applause.) They were with their
friends of the north when they had
their reunions to congratulate them
upon the victories of the past year and
to re echo with them "Berry Walls
Away." (Applause.) I-I« was glad the
men of the north were there that eve
ning, it was a sign—a hopeful one—and
it spoke of a United Ireland —(applause)
an Ireland determined to fight and win
a Hational Parliament. (Applause.)
That demand was made, not by a frac
tion of the country, but made by tbe
whole country from Antrim's Clilfs to
Kerry Strands. (Applause.) It was a
demand made imperative by the sad
and desolate scenes of Gweedore.
(Hear, hear.) They had. conferred an
honor on him by asking him to take up
the position of the chairman.. He did
so with pleasure although, at the same
time, the position was something like
an emergency man. (Laughter and.
The concert was then proceeded with,
and at an interval was addressed, by
Dr. Tanner, who was accorded an en
thusiastic reception. lie said that the
more he considered Ibe great struggle,
through which they were passing at the
present, time, and the wonderful way in
which the Scotch, the Welsh, and the
Cornish people had taken up the cause,
the more he believed that the omens
were favorable. (Applause.) They
had been told by many public men, and
no later than Monday night by Ran
delph Churchill—(hisses)---thatthe cause
of Ilome Rule was dead. Lord Ran
dolph Churchill was an extremely able
and powerful man in his own particular
line. He had not been powerful to
create much but he was powerful for
destruction. (Laughter and cheers.)
In the House of Commons Lord Ran
dolph had told them that the Tory party
were going to stand alone, that they
had hitherto been dependent upon a
crutch, and the crutch was the Liberal
Unionists. (Hear, hear and laughter.)
By his utterance Loru Randolph had
done a good deal to kick away that
crutch from under the Tory party, and
the result would be that the Tory Ad
ministration would corne to the ground.
(Cheers.) Therefore, instead of saying
anything against Lv rd Randolph
Churchill, they ought to give him a vote
of thanks. (Laughter and cheers.) All
the same. Lord Randolph did not admit
the claims of Ireland but how power
ful had been the impetus which had
been given to the national movement
by the great men who had aided them
outside of their own country. Heed he
mention William Ewart Gladstone—
(cheers)—who when the unwritten page
of his history came to be jotted down
would be found to have been consistent
from the beginning to the end
(Cheers.) Who were those who had be
haved so shamefully and so disgrace
fully to Mr. Gladstone, and who cla
mored for chains and slavery? Chains
and slavery were invariably connected,
with the Tory administration. (Cheers.)
The Tories never get on without them.
Their old ship was so rotten that if they
did not sling it round with chains it
would fall to pieces. (Laughter.) Be
fore passing from the Tories he would
like to say a few words about the pres
ent Chief Secretary, Sir Michael Hicks
''Botch." (Laughter and cheers.) He
went over to Ireland to carry out an im
possible task—to demonstrate that firm
administration was the only means of
solving the question—and that Ireland
was a perfect paradise. Unfortunately
such was not the case. Sir Michael went
out at a very bad time, and instead of
settling the affairs of Ireland he wa3
making a greater muddle of them than
ever. (Laughter.) He tried to put a
little pressure on the landlords and a
little pressure on the tenants, but in the
fulfilment of tbe old proverb he had
fallen between two stools. (Laughter.)
He thought if be could only exercise a
11.50 PER-YEAR.
mild and judicious pressure on the ob
stinate landlouls, and on his friends in
and about Dublin Castle, then both the
tenants ami the landlords would be all
right, that then he could have created a
paradise instead of that horrible pande
monium that had always existed iu that
confounded country of Ireland.. (Laugh
tier.) But he found the pressure was
not sufficient, and that the landlords
were not to be coerced. Then the plan
•of campaign had to be adopted.
(Cheers.) Lord Randolph Churchill had
told them that the plan of campaigns
was not only illogical, but illegal, and
that v, as why it commended itself to the
Irish party. It might be illogical, and
it might be illegal, but it was the only
means out of the difliculty. (Cheers.)
Were the Irish representatives to stand
by and see the people dying before their
eves? ("Ho.") He would tell them that
sooner than see their poor suffering'
friends thrown out and treated like
dogs, as they had been in the past, they
were prepared—at least he was—to taks
up the very strongest measures.
(Cheers') He had seen the plan of
campaign working, and had assisted
at it. (Cheers.) It had not been a
desperate remedy in the case of Lord •,
Dillon, who gets his rents less _'0 per
cent, without having even to pay an
agent. (Hear, hear,) He saw so
cue of
that money collected. (Laughter and
cheers.) If it was not desperate in the
case of Lord DiJlon, surely nobody
would say it was bad in the. case of
Lord CJanriearde, who never went near
the district from which he drew $:?0,GG0
a year, and who never gave a farthing
to local charities. (Hear, hear.) Lord
Clauricarde had always, pushed for the
last farthing of rent, and he Dr. Tan
ner) could tell them, that not only in
Loughrea but in other district.: it was
a matter of life and death that the re
duction of rents should be made.
(Cheers.) He declared that on some
estates the rents were raised in time of
prosperity, and thai: he had in his pos
session documents which he wouid
show co the House of Commons if nec
essary, and which wouid prove how
landlords had behaved from period to
period—notably in periods of agricul
tural prosperity. (Cheers.) Dr. Tanner
further stated that, the people them
selves were the promoters of the plan of
campaign, vvhioh had been declared
legal by the Attorney-General for Ire
land, who had never yet denied the
truth of tee statement made months
ago. The au of campaign had suc
ceeded, and Sir Michael Hicks-33each
had failed. Still evictions went on. The
civilized world iuxd been start!sd by 'the
savage evictions that had lafely taken,
place at Glonbe-igh. But these were not
the oniy evictions, for tie believed there
were people in. the hail who knew of
similar occurrences in the past. The
English people were beginning to take
the wrongs of Ireland into considera
tion, and. surely when that was the case
the cure of the disease could not be far
off. (Cheers.) Home Rule was winning.
What had become of the Liberal Union
ists? There was one gentleman who on
every possible occasion was ready to
say something bitter and nasty against
it. (Hisses, He was searching for a
land of Goscheu in which to rest.
(Laughter.) "Rejected at Liverpool and
kicked out of Edinburgh -(renewed
laughter)—he had at last found a con
stituency suited to his Semi'cie though
aristocratic Judging from the
signs of the times—from the fact that
the Liberal Unionists had not added
one to their numbers—they we re losing
wherever they got a chance of losing—
(laughter)—-and from the fact that some
of the biffger members of that party
were beginning to see the fallacy of the
procedure which they initiated, that
party was near an end. He al'uded to
Mr. Chamberiain. (Hisses.) Oh, no,
he never would say anything against a
repentant sinner, for if they' examined
Mr. Chamberlain's programme as it at
present existed they would find there
was considerable progress in that gen
tleman's thoughts about the important
subject of Iiorne Rule. Mr. Chamber
lain came round, then why should Mr.
Peter Ryland not come round, and if he
came round why should not the "three
acres and a cow"—(laughter and
cheers.) Taking all things into account
every clear-sighted man who devoted
himself to the consideration of Irish
affairs would see that the Irish people
at home and abroad were determined
that it would not be their fault if the
work which had been so gloriously car
ried on in the past did not succeed, and
that probably within two years they
would be spectators of that serious
event which would show to the world
the emancipated people at peace with
their hereditary foes—a people who were
ever generous—a people who the
past were one of the most ciyilized na
tions on the earth—a people wiio, if
only fairly treated at the present time
show an example of toleration
and generosity to their foes and their
traditional maligners. (Cheers).
Tire gorge at Mankato has broken
and the Minnesota has fallen two feet.

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