Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVI. No. 7
THE LIBERALS GAIN
At Close of Last Week the Govern
ment Coalition Had 289 Seats
to 229 For Opposition.
Hie County Districts Touching Lon
don Favor the Liberals in
Out of the 670 Members of Parlia
ment But 88 More Remain
to Be Chosen.
The polling results show monoto
nous regularity, and. the returns today
leave the government one seat to the
goqd as the result of Saturday's poll
ing, the Unionists having gained 21
seats from the government, and the
government coalition 22 seats from
the Unionists in the election of 518
members out of 670.
Such -was' the announcement made
from London at the close of the bal
loting Monday evening, December 12.
Elections Up to Tuesday.
Government Coalition Liberals,
191 Labor members, 35 Irish Nation
alists, 56 Independent Nationalists,
7. Total, 289.
Grand total, 518. Government net
Lancashire by increased Unionist
and decreased Liberal majorities is
displaying a consistent tendency In
favor of unionism, while the county
districts contiguous to London are
following the lead of the capital in
favor of. the Liberals'. Thus the Rt.
Hon. Lewis Harcourt retains his seat
vfolr ROfjfc'endale with greatly reduced
majority, 1,074 less than he received
in the last election, while Tottenham
and Walthamstow in Middlesex and
Essex, respectively, giye big liberal
The pollings thus far show no de
cided movement in either direction,
except such as might be explained by
local circumstances. Tuesday's 42
pollings will include a number of
Scotch and Welsh constituencies and
Will indicate whether Scotland and
Wales remain loyal to the govern
Chancellor Lloyd-George, speaking
at Newton Monday night said that no
Home Rule bill would give Catholics
in Ireland any power over religion.
A clause would be provided to pre
vent any religion being established,
whether Catholic or Protestant.
It Results of Monday's pollings, so far
as known, are as follows:
Lancashire (Gorton)—J. Hodge, La
borite, majority, 653. No change.
Lancashire (Rossendale)—Rt. Hon.
Lewis Harcourt, Liberal, Majority,
1,416. No change.
Lancashire (Heywood)—H. T. Caw
ley, Liberal, majority, 769. No change.
Middlesex (Tottenham)—Percy Al
lien, Liberal, majority, 1,101. No
Lancashire (Southport)—Major Dal
rymple White, Unionist, majority 669.
Middlesex (Brentford)—Lord A. P.
Compton, Unionist, majority, 3,075.
Yorkshire (Hallenshire)—J. Wads
worth, Laborite, majority, 2,871. No
Nottinghamshire (Mansfield)—A. B.
Markham, Liberal, majority, 7,183. No
Liberals Gain on Saturday.
Belated returns announced Monday
of the results of Saturday's pollings
show the Liberals scored a gain in
the Cricklade division of Wiltshire,
giving Premier Asquith and his asso
ciates a net gain of one seat on the
The six missing returns of Satur
day in detail:
Yorks (Colne Valley) Charles
Leach, Liberal, majority 300. No
Essex (Waltham Stow) Sir J. A.
Simdn, Liberal, majority 3,721. No
Wiltshire (Cricklade) Lambert,
Liberal, majority 128. Liberal gain.
Staffordshire (Burton)—R. E. Rat
cliff, Unionist, majority 2,093. No
Derbyshire (Northeast)—W. E. Har-
vey, Laborite, majority 1,750. No
Cheshire (Crewe)—W. S. B. Mc
Laren, Liberal, majority 1,704. No
London, Dec. 14.—Che results in
the general elections announced to
night leave the position of the rival
Governmental coalition: Liberals
228, Nationalists 61, Independent Na
tionalists 9, Laborites 38, total 331.
Opposition: Unionists 251.
Coalition majority 80.
A further sign of the growing dis
content among the Unionists over Mr.
Balfour's management of the cam
paign, which started in an editorial
in the Morning Post, was noticeable
in a speech made by Austen Cham
berlain at Buxton tonight. He said it
was no part of the original plan that
tariff reform should be submitted to a
referendum. There were great incon
veniences and objections connected
with putting a budget to popular vote.
He would not himself have made such
Many Unionists, realizing there is
no hope of bettering their position in
this election, favor a policy of nego
tiation. Sir Edward Clarke said the
essential result of this balanced elec
tion was that there must be a con
ference between the parties with a
view to the settlement of the consti"
tutional question. Both the veto bill
and the referendum, he declared,
must go and the best men of both
sides must endeavor to find a solu-l!er'
Receives Belated Reward for Gallant
A former Irish soldier, Daniel Mc
Cole of Bristol, Pa., has just received
from the English government a silver
medal "and a pension'of a shilling a
day in recognition of his services- ag
gunner in the Bengal artillery during
the famous siege of Lucknow.
Both of these McCole could have
had 30 years ago, but he made no ef
fort to obtain them until recently. Be
sides hatving participated in one of the
most harrowing sieges In the history
of modern warfare, McCole, who is
now 80 years old, is a veteran of our
civil war, having fought in tlie 96th
.Pennsylvania Volunteers, receiving a
.wound at Fredericksburg. He is a
pensioner of the United States.
The medallion of the medal is of
solid silver. The obverse l^ears a
profile of the girl Queen Victoria, with
the words "Victoria Regina on the
1 dln 6
by the British lion, with the words
"India 1857-1858." Around the edge
are stamped the words "Daniel Mc
Cole, Gunner, Bengal Artillery." The
medallion is suspended from a clasp
McCole was born in County Done
gal, Ireland, in February, 1834. He is
'bent beneath the weight of years, but
talks interestingly of the awful siege.
The scene at Cawnpore was indescrib
able. He said: "What we saw in the
town cannot be described. Fifty-three
years have passed since then, but the
horror- of it all has not worn off. In
one building alone we saw the bodies
cf 800 English men, women and chil
After the capture of Lucknow Mc
Cole returned to Ireland, and then
came to the United States and entered
the northern army at the outbreak of
A letter reaches my desk from that
far off islet in which Major Dutton—
better known as Brother Joseph, I
says: "Here at the United States
Say, pop, what's a pessimist?"
A pessimist, my son, is one who,
of two evils, choosesthein both.'
The eyes of the world are again
turned to Molokai, where the hero- creatte enough new peers to carry the
priest Damien lived, labored and died, measure through the second cham
from the fact that United States sur- ber.
geons and scientists are hoping to
discover a cure for that dreadest of
all diseases, leprosy, now that they
have been able, though with difficulty, Premier Asquith must, by his pledges,
to cultivate the bacillus of the dis- immediately resign and leave Balfour
case, writes a correspondent in the
leprosarium and at Kiliki, near Hon- ing a new conference, but the Liberal
olulu, great things are being done by opinion will not permit another con
the marine service doctors. A vac- ference and the doom of the veto pow
cine Is being tried and I am thinking er of the lords Is clearly pronounced.
that within a year the looked-for cure
may be found. The patients or sub
jects were seven of our young lads
from this home—Kalawas."
SUPPORT HOKE RIILE
Victory Soon to Smile on Nation
alist Party, Says Prominent
Doom of the Veto Power of
House of Lords Indicated
Struggle to Amend British Consti
tution to be Fiercest Con
test of Century.
Premier Asquith has pronounced
Home Rule for Ireland the leading
issue in the present campaign. This
momentous pronouncement was made
in a small school house of a remote
village in Scotland, but already it has
stirred the whole British islands and
eclipsed all other issues in the fight,
says T. P. O'Connor in a special cable
gram to the Chicago Tribune of last
The pronouncement was made in
anSWer t0 a
"heckler." as tha't typical
disturber of British political
ings is called.
"Is it the truth," asked this
is returned to power in this election,
it. will give Ireland a measure of
"My reply," said Asquith, "is 'it is.'"
Thunderclap to Liberals' Foes.
The precision, firmness and candor
of this answer on the part of a man
to frigid and cautious and so deter
mined to concentrate this election on
the issue of the House of Lords comes
as a thunderclap to all of the ene
mies of the Liberal. party, and It is
a great aid to Redmond's fight.
Though Redmond was well aware
that it was Asquith's intention to give
Irish Home Rule an immediate chance,
the carpers and factionlsts in Ireland
have been insisting that Asquith was
a trickster and that Redmond was
his dupe. But now even the Dublin
Independent, chief supporter of the I
Healy faction, confesses that As-'
a a a
be said and Is entirely satisfactory,
Thus Home Rule at last is unde
niably before the eyes of all men and
Is definitely in sight. For the gen-
election practically is over, and
the government will return with un-
«.* House of Com.
mons. This second declaration against
the lords ends their existing powers.
Seek to Evade Verdist.
The Tories, however, are continu
ing to use every device possible to
evade this final and crushing verdict.
A. J. Balfour, leader of the opposition,
who in vain threw over his protec
tion of the House of Lords and even
the plural voting which robB the Lib
erals of innumerable seats in the ef
fort to escape defeat, now follows an
other line of retreat.
Balfour practically demands a third
election, following closely the lead of
Lord Rosebery, who declared that if
the Liberals lost, even five seats It
would preclude them from proceeding
with the attack on the lords.
This ridiculous pretension already la
being laughed out of court. I have no
doubt that the Liberals will propose an
anti-veto bill on the first night of the
new parliament, will proceed with It
promptly, and when It lst rejected by
the lords, will call upon the king to.
King Will Not Refuse Request.
The king undoubtedly will not re
fuse this request. But if he should,
face to face with a hostile majority
in the Hou6e of Commons which
would throw him out of office the next
Already the Tories are sending up
a new flag of truce and are suggest-
The only outstanding question Is
the date of the execution of the Lib
eral program. The fight will con
tinue to be fierce, for both Bides are
aroused to feverish heat, as the tre
mendous struggle over the country
and the narrow majorities In so many
of the elections prove, but the end of
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., SATURDAY, DECLMBER 17, 1910
the fight, barring some disastrous ac
cident, now is visible.
The old House of Lords was said
by Rosebery to be d,ead, but It now
is dead in a much more real sense
than Rosebery thought.
Irishmen Are Delighted.
The Irishmen are ('specially delight
ed over this triumphant ending of
their campaign. They are so delight
ed that they laugh even over O'Brien's
victory in Cork City. This victory
was due to 1,500 Tory votes and the
transfer of a thousand votes con
1 rolled by a contractor named Fitz
gerald, whom O'Brien often has de
nounced, but whom he apparently
captured for this election at the last
The defeat of Timothy Healy In
Louth and O'Donnell in Mayo nulli
fies O'BMen's hold on a small corner
of Ireland and, anyhow, with the Lib
eral victory and the coming fierce
tattle with the House of Lords
O'Brien is a negligible quantity.
That fight submerges all other is
sues and nothing now visible on the
political horizon can stand between
Redmond and the prompt advent of
Says Church Unity is an End Which
Cannot be Too Strongly Sought.
Commenting on the resolution adopt
ed at the recent triennial convention
of the Episcopal church, which advo
cated the uniting of all churches, the
"I wish to allude to the triennial
convention of the Protestant Episco
pal church, which was held recently
in Cincinnati. At the convention the
members adopted resolutions making
for the unity and redemption of all
Christendom My brethren, we praise
the members of that church for their
action, because it reflects honor on
their heads and! hearts, and I join
with.them in prayirig.the day may
be hastened when Christ's words that
there shall be one fold and one shep
herd will be fulfilled.
"Unity of faith is a most splendid
evidence of the mission of our divine
Savior, and we should have unity of
faith so that all ought to be bound
together by the one tie of faith and
be subservient to one shepherd—God.
"If there is to be unity of faith there
must be one head, one leader over all
churches, who will guide the faithful
in the path of righteousness. There
cannot be unity of faith, however, if
there is to be more than one head.
Our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ,
never intended that there should be
many churches, because in the Holy
Writ He always said in speaking of
the church, one shepherd and one fold.
The church is compared to a vine and
our divine Lord says that if any of
its branches are out off they shall
Of Catholicity in Chicago Not Sur
passed by Any City In the World.
A Chicago paper thus comments on
the wonderful growth of Catholicity in
that city in the past 75 years:
No other Catholic city in the world
ever rose from a single parish with a
hundred communicants lost In a prim
eval wilderness to an archdiocese of
& million souls in 75 years. In this
achievement the city stands alone.
In the Catholic church of Chicago
Is found a striking demonstration that
the words of the Master have been
heeded and that the gospel has been
preached to "all nations."
In Rome, of course, are found gath
ered around St. Peter's representatives
of all the peoples of the earth, but
they are "representatives"—pilgrims or
officials, either voluntary exiles from
their homes or temporary visitors. But
in Chicago German Catholics, Irish
Catholics, Polish Catholics, French
Catholics, Italian Catholics, Slovene
Catholics, Persian Catholics, Negro
Catholics, Syrian Catholics, Hungarian
Catholics, Belgian Catholics, Croatian
Catholics, Swiss Catholics, Lithuanian
Catholics reside in their hundreds of
thousands of prosperous homes, with
their own churches, their own priests,
their own parochial schools, their own
sisterhoods, hospitals, asylums and
No other city in the world ever built
188 Catholic churches in less than a
half century as Chicago has done.
No other city in the world ever built
143 parochial schools in a quarter of a
century and filled them with 81,680
pupils as Chicago has done*
%^./r ~Tjms*'_ mw rrm'j
MOBILES liRf COT
Says the Tory Party Habitually
Enters the Elections
With a Bogy.
Since When Has British Aristocracy
Despised American Money, the
The House of Lords Has Always Been
the Barrier to Ireland's
Lloyd-George, chancellor of the ex
chequer, is not. in sympathy with the
Tory cry of American Dollars. In a
recent speech in London he said:
This time we mean to have a deci
sion on this subject. It lias been said
that we are doing all this at the dic
tation of John Redmond. The Tory
always have a bogey.
Last election the Germans wore the
bogey in 1900 it waB the Dutchman
in 1895 it was the Irish, and in 1885
it was Joseph Chamberlain having
exhausted the last thing they are
coming around to the Irishman again,
but he is a different Irishman to
the Irishman of 1895. That Irishman,
if you remember, wag a midnight as
sassin, ragged, tattered, fierce, but the
Irishman of today is a gllt-edgod
bogey he is framed in American Dol
Landlordism and American
What I should like to know in this:
Since when have the British aristoc
racy despised American dollars? I am
creditably informed that there is a
newspaper in London—a Tory paper—
run by American dollars. And what,
about the Irish landlords? Their cruel
rack rents—who paid their rack rents?
The children ,of the Irish peasant,
driven across the seas Into exile in
far-off lands, used to send their earn
ings to Ireland to keep the poor old
people from being thrown out of the
cottage they built with their own
hajids, and how many American dol
lars passed through America to Ire
land to pay Irish landlords? In twen
ty years, eighty million dollars.
The money whioh Mr. Redmond col
lected to carry on his campaign for
liberty for Ireland did not all come
from America. A large proportion
oame from Canada—and since when
had Canada become a foreign coun
try? When Canada and Canadian
statesmen were to be used as an ex
cuse for taxing the bread of the peo
ple—they were our kith and kin be
yond the seas—our dearest relations—
r.nd when Canadians subscribed mon
ey for the purpose of enabling Ireland
to win the same measure of self gov
ernment as they themselves enjoyed,
then Canadians were aliens tearing
down the constitution,
Lords the Barrier to Progress.
As far as the last Parliament was
concerned, the quarrel with the House
of Lords was a British one so far as
self government for Ireland was con
cerned. They stood by the position
they had taken, but the House of
Lords was Just as much a barrier to
relieving Ireland of its oppression as
It was to the democracy of England,
Scotland and Wales. The Lords, how
ever, said the government plan was a
violent one. In fact, they said it was
a Socialistic plan. That was another
bogey. John Bright was the first man
to propose the plan which they now
t-rged for the acceptance of the coun
try. Who else started It? Lord Rose
bery—and was he a Socialist? There
was no man in the country who clung
more tenaciously than Lord Rosebery.
The Lords had tabled a series of
resolutions—wonderful resolutions— a
great scheme and no particulars.
These would be filled in if the people
gave them a majority. As far aB 1
can see it was a .plan whereby Tories
could carry tariffs and tax all the
necessaries of life without a check
but no Liberal government could put
an extra penny of taxation on the
wealthy. They could not tax monop
olies. Every Radical bill would have
to go to a referendum and the nation
would be fined $10,000,000, the cost of
a general 'election, every time a Rad
ical bill had to be proposed. But a
conservative bill would just canter
over the course.
Heiress Becomes Nun.
With over a million In her own
right, Miss Henrietta Dustin, member
of a wealthy family of Boston, has
been invested with the habit of the
Carmelite order by Bishop O'Connell
at the Carmelite Convent, Hyde and
Lombard streets. Miss Dustin, who
is the first woman to be received into
the order in San Francisco, took up
the religious name of Sister Theresa.
About fifty priests were present to
see Sister Theresa received into the
How It Tends to Take Away Instead
of to Restore Individual Rights.
"There is a tendency these days to
preach a doctrine that would obliter
ate individuality and make all rush to
the state for help in all things," said
Archbishop Glennon of St. Louis in a
recent sermon. "Unfortunately, some
labor men are engaged in disseminat
ing this doctrine. They want to make
the state into a father whose will
would be absolute.
"I believe the working people should
have the protection of the state
against unscrupulous capitalism. Bur,
remember, my friends, there are cer
tain rights of the individual that the
state cannot take over. One of them
is the right, of the individual to con
trol himself. The individual abhors
the idea of being the slave of any
"We have the right to preserve our
homes from state control. We have
the right to be free and not to be
come tenants of a soulless state. We
utterly abhor the doctrine that the
!ittle children who blesB our homes
shall be wards of the state—common
"The idea of common parentage Is
not only the end of order but the end
of civilization itself. It appears that
when some men become discontented
or unable to provide for their fami
lies, they go to the nearest saloon and,
under the spell of beer mug and wine
glass, create a philosophy of class
"1 warn you that the beer mug and
the wine glass are enemies of Boclety.
Jf tho saloon stands between you and
God, the saloon must go. Beware oi.'
the philosophy of the beer mug. It
cannot be sound. I should like to see
laborers raised to the power of capi
talists and I should like to see cap
italists join the labor movement.
"It was Pope Leo XIII, in one of his
encyclicals, who gave those advanced
principles—the most advanced that
Bane man can hold—for the solution of
the labor question. They are based on
the teachings of Jesus Christ. These
followed Out, It would be peacable
evolution Instead of revolution."
Florenoe Nightingale's Bequests
Miss Florenoe Nightingale's heart
felt tributes to the nuns, who were
her comrades on the battlefields of
the Crimea have already been re
corded in these columns. Her will,
which has just been probated In Eng
land, shows that to the end of her
life she never forgot the consecrated
women who did so much, In her own
words, to crown her great scheme
of mercy with success. She leaves a
sum of £250 to the aged Mother
Stanislaus, of the hospital of St. John
and St. Elissabeth, who only a short
while since celebrated her diamond
jubilee in religion, and who worked
with the heroine In the Crimea In
the fever-stricken wards of Scutari.
She also leaves a similar legacy to
the reverend mother of the Sisters
of Mercy at Devonport, and, return
ing to Mother Stanislaus, with whom
she had kept up an affectionate cor
respondence through the years, she
also bequeaths to her all her Roman
Catholic books in French and Eng
lish. To some one else Miss Night
ingale leaves her Madonna, and she
directs that, over her grave shall be
set up a simple cross.
Latinizing the United States.
Recently published statistics of the
Italian department of immigration
show very clearly that, within one
century, if present conditions continue,
the United States will be completely
latinized. Now it so happens that we
are fond of referring to the Latin na
tions as decadent. It would seem,
however, that the statistics reverse
this statement. The average number
of babies for every thousand Amer
ican mothers during 1909 was twenty
one the average number of every
thousand Spanish mothers was 123
the average number for every thou
sand Italian mothers was 175. There
is surely food for serious thought in
ese startling figures.
$2.00 PER YEAB.
Crisis is an Irish Home Rule Gen
eral Election, Says Leader
of Irish Party.
End of House That Rejected Every
Extension of Popular Rights
is at Hand.
Sympathy of the Masses of the Eng
lish People an Added As
surance of Victory.
In his first political speech in the
campaign that is now well under way
in Ireland, John Redmond emphati
cally renewed his pledges to his fol
lowers. He said:
I rejoice with all my heart that at
the commencement of the most mo
mentous general election which has
taken place in Ireland since the Act
of Union was passed that I have the
opportunity of delivering my first
speech here in Wexford to my own
people—this people whose history
proves that they are the bravest and
most uncompromising Nationalists
alive and at the same time are men
of the shrewdest wit and the cool
est judgment. Speaking to such men,
I will create no surprise when I say
I must speak today with caution and
reserve. It would be Impossible for
me to exaggerate my sense of the
gravity of the present political sit
uation. So grave do I consider it
that I would be glad If it were pos
sible for me to remain silent alto
gether but there are some things 1
can say. There are some things
must say. The first thing I say ifr
this: Nationalists of Wexford, all
goes well with the Nationalist cause.
This election Is, above and beyond all
else, an Irish election, and, whatever
happens in this election, Ireland
stands to win. Some people are ask
ing for declarations on Home Rule1
from English minsters. Now, I have
asked for none. The declarations
have been made take them for what
they are worth. The prime minister,
In the most solemn way, pledged him
self, his cabinet and his party, not
to devolution, not to Home Rule all
around hut, In his own words, to a
system of full self government for
Ireland. That declaration has bee:
repeated by the chancellor of the'
exchequer, by Mr. Winston Churchill,
and by every minister who has spok
en, and only on Friday last the prime
minister at Hull practically- repeated
that declaration and pledge. For my
part, I say I do not attach too much
importance to the public declaration
of any English minister, whatever
party he may belong to. And I de
clare here today that If none of these
declarations had been made, if not
one word about Home Rule had been
uttered by the leaders of the Liberal
party, still this crisiB must be in its
essence an Irish Home Rule general
House of Lords a Permanent Barrier.
Fellow countrymen, the masses of
the English people are no longer the
enemies of Home Rule, and we would
have Home Rule today with their full
consent were It not that the "House.
of Lords has stood there a permanent
obstacle in their way. Through the
century that has passed the HouBe
of Lords has been the buttress of the
irreconcilable enemies of our race and.,
our country. They opposed Catholic
They have refused and rejected ev
ery extension of popular rights. The"
extension of local self government,||
granted freely to England and to.i
Wales, was denied to this country unjl
til the other
emancipation, passed three times.:'-!
through the House of Commons, and
rejected three times in the House of I
Lords, and only passed when civil |jj
war was threatened. They opposed V•
the concession of the franchise to tho f*
Irish people and delayed it by long, jS
long years after they had given itljg
to the people of Great Britain. They
ejected the ballot, which Insured the|J
freedom of election they opposed ev^T
ery measure of land reform—and ev-'s
ry drop of blood that was shed and#
every crime that was committed lnm
connection with the land movemen£pj
lies today at the House of Lords. They
denied education to our people, and
kept the Irish nation In ignorance.