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Vol. XXVn., No. 44.
3* THE IRISH LEADbh v. IhL Speaks on Home Rule to a Vast Crowd of Englishmen on Their Native Heath. Elicits Enthusiastic Applause by Reference to the Loyalty of the Liberals. The Irish Had Clasped the Hand of Friendship Extended by the British Democracy. At a great gathering in Yorkshire on Aug. 3, John E. Redmond, M. P., delivered an address to Englishmen on the Home Rule question. He was preceded by the Postmaster-General, Mr. Herbert Samuel, who said in part: "If they were truly a United King dom such a statesman as Mr. Red mond would have been a Cabinet Min ister long ago. In no country of the world except ours would it be possible for the chief city of one of the great provinces like' Dublin to be unvisited by the Prime Minister of the country for over a hundred years. The es trangement which had so long con tinued between Great Britain and Ire. land had been the fault, not of the people—for they had no quarrel with one another—but of statesmen who had not had the success of bringing them together. He noticed that a Unionist speaker in that district had said that Ulstermen opposed to Home Rule were born and bred under the Union Jack and under the Union Jack they would die. If that was all they required they would be very easily satisfied (laughter),for the Union Sick would remain floating over Ire land when Home Rule was granted, Just&j it waved over Montreal or Quebec, or Sydney or Melbourne. If by the side of the Union Jack there graved in Ireland the Green Flag with the Golden Harp where would be the harm?" Mr. Redmond, who was enthusiasti cally cheered, said he was gla.d to take the opportunity of expressing to the Postmaster-General, in the name of Ireland, gratitude, not merely for his sympathy with the Irish cause but for the fact that he brought his clear mind and powerful intellect to aid of the Government in preparing the de tails of the Home Rule bill, which had both politically and financially given satisfaction to the Irish people, and which safeguarded the financial and political interests, of Great Britain and the higher interests of the Empire (applause). So far as he could gauge public opinion in this country the justice and necessity of Home Rule for Ireland had come to be accepted as their set tled conviction during the past twenty years. A blessed changed had been brought about in Ireland. The great principle for which Parnell had stood, and which twenty years ago was de nounced as robbery, confiscation and anarchy, Almost had been enshrined in an Act of Parliament, and the peo ple were becoming owners of the soil they tilled. In more than half of Ire land landlordism had disappeared. With it the crowbar brigade, evictions and the destruction and burning of the houses of the people had also dis appeared and in place of that system they had a smiling, happy and pros perous peasantry. Peace and crimelessness were to be found today all over Ireland, and while this was so they had the people busy carrying out a system of local government which they would remem ber, Lord Salisbury had said was more dangerous than Home Rule it self. It had worked admirably, and the people had shown themselves able and efficient governor* of their own affairs. In addition, the Catholic Uni versity question had been settled by agreement. But there was one thing which remained unchanged, and which was unchangeable, and this was ike demand of the great mass of the Irish people that they should have the right -to govern themselves in their own purely local affairs. All the arguments of their opponents had lost their cogency and flavor. All the old fears had disappeared, and the efforts which had been made to arouse the elector ate to a state of excitement in opposi tion to Home Rule had absolutely failed. Twenty years ago the ques- Uoa la Great Britain used to be—why brought together on this occasion." should Ireland get Home Rule? To •v it was—why should Ireland not Home Rule? Only one reason it was advanced. Their op not say Home Rule was did not pretend to argue recent performances Belfast would be a rather audacious proceeding—that the Catholic major ity would attempt to oppress and persecute the Protestants, nor did they pretend to argue that Home Rule would disrupt the Empire or injure the English people. u —att There was one argument, and it was this although admittedly the over whelming majority of the people of Ireland want Home Rule, although the majority of the elected representa tives of Great Britain want it, al though the self-governing colonies of the Empire are unanimously in favor of Home Rule, still Home Rule must not be enacted, and must not pass because a section of Ulster was against it, and they were threatened with vio lence and revolution if the Govern ment seriously attempted to carry out the will of the majority of the people. It was ridiculous to say that Ulster was against Home Rule. Only four counties out of nine were against it. As for the talk of revolution, history would repeat itself. There was noth ing in the shape of violent utterances and threats of revolution which they heard today which the English people did not hear at various periods for the last hundred years when almost every proposal for reform was made. The threats on past occasions came to ab solutely nothing. They did resist They did not cause revolution. Whyl Because in every case in the past they found the measure they were attack ing was, when passed into law, a just measure, and did not injure their rights or liberties. The same would happen now. If, when Home Rule was passed, the Irish Parliament were criminal and mad enough to enter on a course of persecution of Protest- P"tja. Pjutpj|tAnU woul^_. revolt, and he said they would be right in revolting, but when they found, as they would find, that they would meet with no oppression or persecution— that the one great desire of the mass of the Irish people would be to gather all the sons of Ireland, of every creed and class, into one united nation— there would be no revolt, and he ven tured to prophesy .hat before any thing like a generation had passed these men would be the strongest Home Rulers in Ireland and would form, perhaps, the most powerful par ty in the Government of the country (loud applause). After denouncing the inflammatory language of the Union ist leaders, and the recent attacks on Home Rulers in Belfast shipyards, Mr. Redmond said Home Rule would win over not only the four millions in Ire land, but the millions of the race throughout the world. They had grasped the hand of friendship held out to them by the English democ racy, and had clasped hands across the chasm of the miserable memories of centuries, and he said there that day there was no power in the world of prejudice, of ignorance, or of bigot ry that could ever again separate the two peoples (loud cheers). CEREMONIES Of Religious Reception and Profession at St. Clara Convent, Sinsinawa. At Saint Clara Convent on Monday, August 12th, occurred the ceremonies of religious reception and profession. Twenty-four young women received the habit of the Order, fifteen novices made their simple profession, and six teen sisters took final vows. High Mass at 9 a. m. was celebrated by the Rev. J, D. Kavanaugh. The cere monies of reception and profession be gan at 2 in the afternoon, the sermon of the occasion being preached by the Rev. Father Theunte, O. P. The exer. cises were closed by solemn benedic tion given by the Rev. J. J. Flaherty, with Rev. W. D. Malone as deacon, and Rev. G. E. Gormley as sub-dea con. Gov. Wilson's Good Joke. A number of citizens from Orange, N. J., headed by Hon. Judge Dugan, called on Governor Woodrow Wilson to offer felicitations. On being in troduced to the audience by Judge Dugan, the candidate for president on the Democratic ticket said: "You may have noticed that I was a little slow about beginning proceedings un til I was introduced by Judge Dugan, because I wanted to be sure that there were some good Irishmen among those 'Orangemen.' I was glad to see the north and south of Ireland IN THE SCHOOLS Education Not Based on Religion is Not Calculated to Make Good Citizens. Gladstone Says Every System is Pernicious That Places God in the Background. What Famous Educators and Men of Affairs Think of Mere Secu lar Training. The ideal American school system is one which does not have religion or morality as a necessary compon ent part, says the Catholic Register. Our educators know the necessity of morality in education and in defense of the present methods have been forced to the absurd contention that it is possible to teach morality with out any positive religion. We are fed with the theory that there is a non sectarian morality. Before saying anything on the necessity of sound religious principles of definite dog matic teachings as the basis of mor ality, we will give the opinions of a few men who cannot be accused of Catholic bias. A member of a "ministerial associa tion" in a recent meeting of that body said: "The masses are not being taught religion as they should be. The fact is that the young are made to feel that religion is only a side issue. They are made to feel that morals and public decency are right, but religton is not such a stern necessity. The nation that neglects the worship of .a..true,God." hp continued, "is doom ed." He says, "Leave out religion and irreligion is taught. Back of the mod ern tendency to substitute morality for Christianity is the false philosophy that there can be a high morality without religion." Dr. W. Montague Geer, Vicar of St. Paul's Episcopal Church in New York City, in commenting on our public school system, asks, "What is the re sult of our malpractice? Why, we are bringing up all over this broad land a lusty set of young pagans who sooner or later, they or their children, will make havoc of our institutions." Prof. James of Harvard University says, "As a result of state education we see college graduates on every side of every public question. Harvard men defend our treatment of the Fili pino as the masterpiece of policy and duty. Harvard men as journalists pride themselves on producing copy for any side that may enlist them. There is no public abuse for which some Harvard advocate may not be found." "Any people." says ex-Superintend ent Barrett of the state schools of Iowa, "who attempt to make a school system without due attention to mor als will fail to accomplish their high est purpose." The French infidel, Guizot, has written that in order to make educa tion truly good, socially and useful, it must be fundamentally religious. Mr. Theirs, president of the French republic, not a Catholic, said to the legislative body: "We must make education more religious than it nas been up to the present moment, or if we do not I tremble for the future of France." Mr. Gladstone, of whose creed you know well, has said, "Every educa tional system which places religion in the background is pernicious." Daniel Webster, who as you know was not a Catholic, when arguing the Girard will case in Philadelphia said: "In what age, by what sect, when, where, by whom, has religion been ex eluded from the education of youth? Never, nowhere. Everywhere and at all times it has been regarded as ?s sential. It is the essence and the vi tality of instruction." "Educate men without religion, says the Duke of Wellington, "and you make clever devils." In the Boston course of study mapped out for the high school of that city we read: "In giving instructions in morals and manners, teachers will at al'l times exert their best endeavors to impress upon the minds of youth principles of piety, justice and a sa cred regard for truth: love of their country, Christianity, moderation and temperance." No one who has any idea of fixed MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1912. lesson there is th*j infallible Church established by Christ to give tlnal and authoritative answer. While the Am erican Government theoretically ig nores all forms of .religion, the mass of the people is Christian. The Con stitution is founded on Christian prin ciples and the men who laid the foun dations of our Republic were men who put their falt'n in an all-ruling personal God. ". The minority which questions the necessity ol' moral teach ing in our schools' is such a negligible quantity that it deserves little con sideration. The only question is the manner of .accomplishing the desired result. There are not a few educat ors who try to believe that morality can be taught without any definite creed or dogma, 'for them the pres ent system of educition can be made perfect. While we admire thctr de sires, we must sympathize with its hopelessness. We believe that mor ality is Impossible-' without religion. NEW KNOWNOTHINGS principles of right and wrong, who believes that there is* a certain well defined code of morals, will question the necessity of teaching morals to our children. The Socialist, who meas ures all things by economic determin ism, and the agnostic and atheist, who plan life without regard to a Di vine Creator and Ruler, will be in op position to us. But they are few in the vast number who know God, at least to some extent, and will admit, even though the fact does not influ ence their daily practical lives, that God has put man under certain moral obligations which cannot be disre garded with impunity. And these positive moral laws must be taught just as we teach the alphabet and multiplication tables. They are not matters of speculation nor influenced by latitude, longitude' or climate. We may experiment in many things edu cational, new theories may be ad vanced in the domain, of science and In the trial of the English women in speculative philosophy, but in morals Dublin for attacking the British Prem there is little room for discussion and1 ier and attempting to burn tile Then when discussion has learned its last tre Royal, Mr. T. M. Healy, K. C., ap- We maintain thit jnprality must be based on dogma.' liext week we will write you and *'H1 endeavor to show that there is such thing as a. con sistent and permanent non-sectarian Christian morality. List of Leaders of Guardians of Lib erty. The following list of the fathers of the new anti-Catholic organization, the GuardUns of Liberty, appear in a daily paper, and is given herewith in order that our readers may have a record of. them for future reference: General Horatio C. King, Brooklyn, N. Y. Dr. J. D. Buck, Cincinnati, O. Rev. Charles L. Ooodell, I). D., New York Isaac S. Hurst, Los Angeles Rabbi Silverman, New York David B. G. Rose, Louisville, Ky. Major Ed win A. Sherman, Oakland, Cal. Roar Admiral Leutze V. A. Pope, national president Patriotic Order Sons of America LaForest J. I'aige, secre tary Vermont Consistory S2d degree Robert E. French, grand custodian, grand lodge, A. F. & A. M„ Nebraska John Franklin Cmwell, president Am erican Civic Alliance Colonel Prime, president American nag Association Colonel Henry U. Andrew, president American Peace and Arbitration League Louis A. Aines, president Em pire State Society Sons of the Revo lution Colonel Andrew, president general Union Society of the Civil War James B. (3ourlay, New York state counselor, Junior Order II. A. M. Rev. L. L. Hand, sta.te counselor! Junior Order IT. A. M. of New Jersey Major E. T. Paul!, "American Conti nentals," Washington, D. C. The na tional court, which is to be the gov-1 erning body, consists of this executive! committee of five: Charles D. Haines, chief guardian, head of the court Lieutenant-Genera 1 Miles, chief attor-I ney Major-General Sickles, chief cus todian Rear-Admiral G. W. Baird, chief vigilant, and Rev. A. E. Barnr-tt, D. D„ chief recorder. "There is con siderable interest in army and navy circles," remarks a contemporary, "as to how much 'liberty' the Guardians have been taking with the names of prominent Washingtonians." Irish Centenarian. Williams Bay, Wis., Aug. 17. T. Sullivan, the oldest Irishman in 'he United States, today signified his in tention of attending the international demonstration of the United Celtic American societies at Chicago, Sept. 8. He will be 112 years old in No vember, speaks Irish fluently, and can yet dance a jig and reel. THE POOR DEFENSE OP SUFFRAGETTES By T. M. Healy in the Trial of English Women for Outrages In Dublin. Palliates the Crime Committed and Blames Ministry for not Granting Demands. In the United States that Kind of Defense Bears the Name of Pettifoggery. peared for one of the prisoners. On his way to court lie was vigorously hissed. Alter the evidence was all in, Mr. Healy addressed the jury on be half of the accused. Needless to say, counsel began, the lady in the do-k was no ordinary criminal, nor in her view and the view of those who sym pathized with her, was she a criminal at all and when the. objects for which she stood indicted had been achieved she, whom they were now asked to send to prison, and those who were indicted with her, would bo held in honor and respect. She represented a cause which had, not once, aut many times, been approved by the solemn vote of Parliament. Slio rep resented an order of thought which said when women were taxed to sus tain the community they should have a voice in the governing and distribu tion of these taxes. She represented the cause of those who said that when women were allowed to choose Town Councillors and County Councillors they might, well be. allowed a voice in the selection of members of Par liament, who, from what he had seen of them, were really not the extra ordinary body of sacrosanct persons that they might imagine. The ac cused, with others, had been engage] in this agitation for a considerable time. In the course of it promises had been held out. to them by respons ible ministers that legal effect, should be given to the wishes of that section of the community who wished to have a. voice in the distribution of the taxes which they provided. These ministers—not all of them, but sev eral of them—instead of making good their word, met these ladies with de ceit and with Injury, and one of tliem —a gentleman occupying the respons ible position of the President of !li« King's Council—to]r| thern that they would not. be taken seriously uniess they protested, as other franchise, re formers had protested fifty years ago, by burning down castles, as at. Not tingham, or by tearing up the railings of Hyde Park, as t.liey were, torn up in '7. That was the language held, not by rowdy corner boys, but by men occupying grave, serious offices of trust under the King's Government. And these ladies, met with the taunt that they were not serious, took up the challenge of the Minister of State and said they would show him whether they were serious or not. It. would not be his place to argue the merits or demerits of this question. They must, understand there were special subjects which had inflamed the minds of those ladies, the most of whom lived in London, and who saw perishing before their eyes year after year an army of immolation, a traffic in human beings, a traffic in young girls whose lives were destroy ed and blasted, whose parents were I dishonored, and to rescue whom the Government of the country never lifted a finger. They were in horror when the match was put to a theatre curtain they were ablaze if petrol was spilled upon the carpet. But year after year two thousand young girls were ruined in London, and these women said to that Parliament of men: "We have knocked and thun dered at your doors, and never have you raised a hand or voice to put down this iniquity." When the White Slave Traffic bill came before Parliament it was sent to a Grand Committee, presided over by Mr. T. P. O'Connor, where it was mauled and hacked out of shape. The bill was sent back emasculated and useless, to this Parliament that pre tended to have the interests of wo men at heart. And without voice and without vote, these women are told that.'" by the Cabinet that they were rot serious. The same Cabinet inflicted upon thousands of women a tax for insurance purposes without allowing them any voice as to how they would be taxed. Upon special subjects which concerned their sex they main tained they had a better right to be heard than they bad received. The) maintained and insisted that until the promise so often made to them was kept no minister of the Crown should have peace or ease. Further, they said that Parliament never listened to the voice of any unprotected class un til outrages and crime had proved the seriousness of the demand. There was not upon the Statute Book of England a single Act dealing with measures of what he might call a revolutionary kind until Hie momen tum of disorder had produced the pas sage of the measure. Upon this night of July last, these women came hither because tlie Prime Minister of their country was visit ing Ireland. They thought that, in view of the fact that at the instance of Mr. Asquith no less than sixteen Irish members changed their votes on the franchise question. In other words, sixteen men who last year said It. was right that, women should have the franchise tills year voted it. was wrong, almost in the space of a. re volving moon. It occurred to these ladles to come to the country which was the home and focus and heart of agitation to hear tho Prime Minister talk and the criminals In tho dock beard the Primo Minister refer to men like Parnell and O'Oonnel] and hold them up as glorious examples to their country. Mr. Asquith was surrounded by torch-bearers and welcomed by an or ganization called tho Ancient Order of Hibernians, which boasted that, it was a. lineal descendant of Ilibboniuen, and just as criminals like O'Connell were now! honored with statues be cause they won, so in the same wav tho lineal descendants of tho Ribbon men were honored by being the guard of honor of the Prime Minister of England. They hail only to turn to the sta.tuto passed in their own life time, which rendered every man who surrounded hini that, night, had he lived iu 1X72, liable to n. cell in Kil mainbam Jail. When horror was ex cited by the speeeli of his lea rued friend, it. was well in this country to remember tho past. "And now," said Mr. Healy, "I lio.v are the friends of Mr. Asquifli, And today," he. added, "it is that society which appoints the Lord Lieutenant, which appoints the Attorney-General, which appoints the Crown Prosecutor iu Green strict." (laughter.) Mr. Justice Madden—You will, in your own good (line, come to the evi dence. Mr. Healy—I will, iny lord. He A'.is showing the jury that, when the bauds of horror were thrown up at: the acts for which Gladys Evans was charged it. was well, after all, to remember what, the past of the country was, anil by what means the liberties which we now enjoy were achieved, a.nd the fur ther liberties, which were to be. ex tended to us—by what, means I .'ind Acts and other Acts had hec.ii passed. And it. was for following In the foot steps of these successful criminals if they liked—following in their foot- Kt, pH a long distance that these ladles, whose acts bad excited so much condemnation from his learned friend, stood in the dock. Irish Coal Mines. it. is stated in a government return recently issued that last year 790 per sons were employed in Irish coal mines, the output of coal being 84,684 tons, being an increase of 4,882 tons over the preceding year, and 1,000 tons of fire-clay. Of the coal raiKed 71,535 tons were anthracite, valued at 41,828 pounds, the total value of the minerals being 49,048 pounds. There was only one fatal accident. In the metalliferous mines 814 per sons were employed, the output being 123,690 tons (£36,044). There were three fatal accidents 3,865 persons were regularly employed in Irish quar ries, the output being 1,496,731 tons, valued at 202,555 pounds. Nine fatali ties were recorded during the year. It Wasn't Edible. "A multi-millionaire iu a fashion able restaurant," she said, "pointed to a line on the menu and said to the waiter: 'I'll have some of that, please." 'I am sorry, sir,' the waiter an swered, 'but the band is playing MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. LITERARY DIGEST TAKEN TO TASK For Reprinting Slanders on the Catholic Church From Walker's Menace. The Offending N. Y. Publication Fails to Apologize for its Copied Insults. Dignified Protest From a Reader in Sioux City Who Publishes His Objections. The following letter to the Literary Hi Rest of New York first appeared in the True Voice of Omaha, Neb., from the pen of Wm. L. Steele, of Sioux City, la,, who objects to the reprint ing of slanderous articles from the Menace, Tho editor of the Digest, in a, preface to the copied article, 1e clared that because of the great cir culation of the Menace "Its utterance* arc. of Interest and importance to all observers of religious thought." Mr. •Steele was of a contrary opinion and wrote to the editor of the Digest as follows: 1 am a Catholic, and though It may seom strange to you in the light of Homo of the articles which you print about the Church, Catholics are Arm believers in free speech and the lib erty of the press. They would prefer tho abuse of these privileges to their denial. To lie. and to slander are certainly abuses of free speech. The liars anj slanderers may have their say and then, if tlie Injured party can afford it, a libel suit, is brought. In some cases membership in tho Ananias Clnb has been freely bestowed. :®l It has not been the policy of yiiur magazine during the few years 1 have followed it to spread slander and calumny. It has avoided delicate sub jects deftly. It has spread before its readers weekly a fairly just survey of events anil current opinion. It. does seem to me, however, that when it. comes to matters concerning tho 'athollc Church your selections betray an animus In tho editorial mind which is directed toward possible weaknesses, apparent abuses, any thing which would seem to indicate failure on the part of the Catholic Church to fulfil I her divinely appoint ed mission. You have doubtless a great many Catholics among your readers. Thfc first copy of the Literary Digest I ever saw was on the study table of a Catholic priest. We do not expect you to publish complimentary articles about us, but we would like you to bo fair. I submit, that it Is distinctly unfair to quote as you do from an editorial published in a scurrilous paper which shall be nameless so far as I am con cerned. It is a sheet whose makeup and character ought to bar It from tho exchange, lists of any respectable paper. I have been assailed by sam ple copies of this sheet on several dif ferent occasions. In all there waa printed matter which, to say the least, was indecent. In all there were articles which, to say the least, WON libelous. In all there were slanders, inuendoes, slurs, insults directed against the Catholic Church. In all there were printed lists of the most vile, degraded and nauseating books that ever disgraced So-called "rell« I gious" controversy. If, in the interests of truth and honesty, one must repeat the low gos sip of the tap-room and servants' quarters, one should be careful to apologize in the same breath for the infringement of eltquette committed. One would hardly attempt to dignify the source of such material as repre sentative of a phase of religious thought. It is a poor excuse to say: "As report places its circulation well along toward the million mark, 'ts utterances are of interest and im portance to all observers of religious thought, and our readers are entitled to a specimen of its opinion." I have asked two .different Protest ant ministers and one Protestant lay man, all of whom are representative men, all of whom are representative of Methodist, Presbyterian and Con gregational religious thought, wbat they thought of the paper, which yJu dignify by your mention. None of them had ever beard of it. Ever since the days of Brann's ?5 $2.00 Per Year *1 ii A