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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, August 31, 1912, Image 1

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Vol. XXVII., No. 45
1#E DOME OF
1HE SWU IK
Henry George's Visit to British Isles
Gave it an Impetus in
Scotland.
O'Connor Writes of Advance Made in
United Kingdom Since Death
of American.
John Ferguson, an Irishman in Glas
gow, Preached New Gospel
Many Years.
When Henry George came to Eng
land many years ago he got a curi
ously mixed reception. At first there
was a certain coldness and hostility,
and, still more, unbelief. He came to
preach a revolution and a panacea
and Englishmen do not care for revo
lutions and have little faith In pan
aceas, writes T. P. O'Connor in ih«
Chicago Tribune of last Sunday.
This was the attitude of England.
In Ireland he had no adherents, with
the exception of Michael Davltt. In
a country where already hundreds of
thousands of peasant proprietors had
got possession of their lands it was
vain to preach the gospel of the single
tax.
Against Peasant Propritorship.
Once or twice Michael Davltt near
ly came into conflict with other lead
ing Nationalists because of his pro
nounced views against peasant pro
prietorship, and, indeed, for som
years there was a certain coldness be
tween him and several of the Irisi
leaders. But Davitt was at bottom
an amiable man, and these passing
misunderstandings disappeared. He
idled at peace with all men, or nearly
iaU men. However, he never made
any progress with his single tax pro
gram.
The one kingdom, curiously enough,
»ln which Henry George made any
progress was Scotland. To the sur
prise of most people, at least of those
who did not know Scotland, Henry
George not only found enthusiastic
audiences, but left behind him a
strong school of single taxers. The
ground had been prepared for his gos
pel for years.
Preached New Gospel.
There used to be in the city of
Glasgow—he died some years ago—a
fervid, eloquent, and active Irishman
named John Ferguson. He was a pa
per dealer, and had to travel the three
kingdoms in his business. He became
a friar preacher of the new gospel,
devoted to it time, money and energy,
and preached it from innumerable
platforms.
This fervid Irishman was one of
those Presbyterian Ulster Nationalists
who are more often enthusiastic than
their Catholic fellow Nationalists, and
bring to their creed something of the
dour and fanatical spirit of their
Scotch ancestors.
Every Irishman of Scotch blood whi
belongs to this type always remind!
one a little of John Knox, one of thl
first of the race of fearless and fanat
ical prophets, and John Ferguson was
a John Knox after his fashion.
Price of Land Goes Up.
In Glasgow with Its gigantic in
crease of the price of land Inside the
city boundaries, owing to the gigantic
increase of the size and wealth of
the city, was splendid seed ground
for the new land gospel, and there
gathered around John Ferguson
large school of single taxers.
They brought every year to the
house of commons a bill founded on
their theories, and at last got some
of its proposals carried. Thus it came
about that Scotland, more than any
other of the three kingdoms, was
won to the gospel of Henry George.
Meantime the movement obtained
some recruits of importance in Lon
don. First must be mentioned a man
who is not an Englishman at all,
though he has made most of his large
fortune in England.
Joseph Fels, American by birth,
Jewish by race, belongs to that sec
tlon of his people which gives to ideal
causes the splendid gifts that Are
usually devoted to finance.
Play Important Part.
Jewish enthusiasts play a larger
part than is realized in the advanced
forces of Europe. They are often rhe
revolutionary leaders of Russia they
form the journalistic forces behind
.the
Socialistic movement in Germany
A O 1
J*T
they are the most devoted Republl
cans in France.
In England a large number are
among the leading spirits in the press
and in parliament of the Conserva
tive forces they also form a consid
erable section belonging to the Lib
eral party.
There are, for instance, three mem
bers of the race in the present min*
istry, Sir Rufus Isaacs, Herbert Sam
uel and Montagu,
If they figure in the labor move
ment they have as yet produced no
man who has come to the front in
that body.
Fels of Fragile Frame.
Joseph Fels is a little man with a
fragile frame. But he is one of those
delicate beings who often in the his
tory of the world have played big
parts by the burning ardor of their
spirit.
Fels is never at rest never cool
never silent. Meet him anywhere and
ho bursts at once into a long dis
course on Henry George and the single
tax.
He spends a considerable portion
of a big income in propaganda, sub
sidises organizations, issues pamph
lets and leaflets, makes Innumerable
speeches, attends' innumerable con
ferences in short, this fiery little
spirit seems to live, move and have
his being in the single tax idea.
He has no children. His wife, like
himself, a fiery spirit in a fragilt
frame, seems as devoted to the causa
as her husband.
Live Simple Life.
Neither ever touches wine. They
lead the simple life in the fullest
sense of the word. Men and women
of this type, above the ordinary temp
tations and indulgence of mankind,
the always formidable figures in a
new and revolutionary social move
ment.
Here let me say that there is one
remarkable peculiarity among the
single taxers which has always struck
me much. Tljg doctrine is held with
such fervor, it is believed to be po
tent with so much power hi removing
human inequalities^ that} it creates
among all its adherents & curious
kind of devotion and of fraternity
which amounts to "a new religious
doctrine.
All barriers of race and of creed
fall down the Orange single taxer,
if such there be, would grasp the
hand of a Catholic Nationalist single
taxer with more sense of fraternity
than either would approach a co-re
ligionist who holds conservative
views on the land question.
Henry George, in fact, has founded
not merely a new school of econom
ical thought but almost a new Chris
tian communion.
LANCERS' PENANCE
London, Aug. 26. —The Twelfth
Lancers are looking forward to the
end of a century of special nightly
penance imposed on the regiment, ac
cording to military records, by the
Duke of Wellington during the Pen
insular war in 1812, as a punishment
because men of the regiment were
supposed to have broken into a mon
astery. Every night the band has to
play before the "Last Post" five hymn
tunes: The Spanish and Russian na
tional anthems the Vesper Hymn,
the Prince of Wales' Hymn and the
British national anthem. The men
meantime have to stand at attention.
The regiment is at present stationed
at Potchetstroom, South Africa, where
each night the five tunes sound across
the square outside the barracks.
iiaa
Visits Archbishop.
Fifty years ago Thomas Mulrenin,
now an aged man, fought In the regi
ment of which John Ireland, then a
young priest, was chaplain. At the
close of the Civil war the soldier
went to Sparta, Wis., where he ac
cumulated a comfortable fortune'. Last
week Mr. Mulrenin arrived in St. Paul
with his daughter Nora, and for the
first time in nearly half a century,
called on the chaplain, now an arch
bishop.
The two spent most of the after
noon reviewing the scenes of the
struggle and when Mr. Mulrenin re
turned to the Hotel Ryan he declared
that the visit had brought him back
over a span of five decades. He had
not been in St. Paul since he left
here with the gallant Minnesota regi
ment. After seeing his daughter
aboard a Seattle train, Mr. Mulrenin
returned to his home In Sparta, und
was elated over his meeting his old
chaplain after so many yean.
PUPIL DELEGATE
II
What Manner of Man the Pope's
Representative is According
to Newspaper Man.
A Seasoned Missionary and Priest
Who is Learned in the Laws
of the Church.
Archbishop Bonzano Spent Six
Years in the Chinese Empire
and is Yet Young.
James B. Morrow, a newspaper re
porter, describes Archbishop Bonzano,
the new papal delegate, as follows:
He may be 40 years old, but what
ever his age, he is a seasoned mis
sionary and priest, and learned in the
laws of the Church. No doubt he will
be a Cardinal some time. Even the
Papacy may be within the possibili
ties of his career. Leo XIII. and Pius
X. have shown great wisdom in send
ing their agents to the United Stages,
They have selected traveled men of
the world, and men who spoke the
language of the people.
The Apostolic Delegate in Wash
ington, sitting as a Judge, it might be
said, hears all the cases that would
be sent to the Pope were the Pope
without a deputy in the United States.
Archbishop Bonzano, consequently, is
the highest Catholic authority in this
country. Pius X. designated him be
cause of his talents, learning, piety,
and achievements. He has specialized
In missions, having served six years
in China, but he is a great preacher,
an accomplished writer, and has
taught theology in Italian colleges.
Likewise, the Pope has sent him on
delicate and difficult commissions, to
various parts of the world.
I talked with Archbishop Bonzano
in the reception room of his fine resi
dence on one of the best Btreets In
this city. The mahogany chairs are
upholstered in lemon-colored silk.
Beautiful oil portraits of Leo XIII.
and Pius X. are against the tinted
walls. The Archbishop wore the long,
tight-fitting cassock of a priest, low
shoes, with buckles, a large ring of
Oriental amethyst, set in small dia
monds, and a heavy chain and cross
of gold. We conversed in English, he
making many graceful gestures with
his hands,- smiling often in a most
friendly way, and answering all ques
tions without reluctance. He had
heard of that unique personage known
as the American interviewer, and, I
fancied, was curious to study one of
them at first hand. He told me that
he was born In northern Italy, tho
region of the Alps, where, though he
did not say so, the people, industrious
farmers, stay at home, instead of emi
grating to America.
"My family," the Archbishop said,
"were plain and honest people—demo
crats, I suppose you would term them.
I went to school, like any other boy,
and then to college, taking a classical
course, as one would say In the Unit
ed States. While still a young boy
was attracted to the 'Church. The
influence that drew me toward the
priesthood came from within and not
from the outside," the Archbishop
continued, tapping the breast of his
cassock with the tips of his fingers.
"My mother often told me that she
would thank God when I became a
priest, but that she would rather have
me fall dead at her feet than to see
me a bad priest."
Archbishop Bonzano told his inter
viewer how at the age of 21 he de
cided to enter the priesthood, and
spent four years In the study of theol
ogy, Intending to become a mission
ary, and was sent to China, where he
spent six years among the Chinese
high up in the mountains hundreds of
miles away from all traces of modern
civilization. Having learned to speak
the native language, It was not long
until the missionaries were able to
make themselves understood to the
people and presently to preach to
them in their own tongue.
"I let my beard grow, also my hair,'
said Archbishop Bonzano, "and wore
a vestment. We lived as the natives,
queue down my back as well as Chin
ese, ate their food, which was mostly
flsh and rice, and slept In their
houses. They shared what they had
with us and proved their sincerity
and generosity in various ways. Many
Catholics in China were massacred
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1912.
during the Boxer troubles In 1899.
They went to their death without
denying the Lord, which act would
have saved them. The Chinese people
as a race are sober and Industrious.
"There are only 2.000 Catholic mis
sionaries among more tfian 400,000,000
people. We have 16,000 priests in the
United States to work among 91,000,
000 people."
Asked why he opposed Socialism,
the churchman answered:
"Because It is irreligious. Social
ists say they are attempting to es
tablish a paradise on earth. They
are not interested in the life that is
to come. Scoffing at this things of the
spirit they dwell wholly in the pres
ent. They are anti-Christian, and in
Europe practice the hideous doctrine
of free love, thus striking at the home
and at the very foundation of civil
ization. Socialism is (ioarsely mater
ialistic. It destroys human charac
ter.
"Catholicism protects the home and
upbuilds the character. Moreover,
Socialism attacks property, not alone
the mills and factories of the rich, but
the cottages of the poor, which were
raised up by thrift, industry and se'f
sacrlfice. There are many reasons
why the Church is antagonistic to
Socialism, but I have mentioned those
which are fundamental and stand out
above the rest."
"Are priests taught to be brave in
the face of all kinds Of physical dan
ger?"
"That is an uncommon inquiry," the
Archbishop replied, "and yet I must
say counseled to be brave. Every stu
dent understand# °that his is to be a
life of personal sacrifice. In himself
he is nothing. All that he is and all
that he has—his body With the rest—
he gives to God. Domestic ties do not
anchor him to the earth. He goes
where he Is sent, nor Is he permitted
to leave- his post. If he is in a small
village and every one is ill with small
pox, he must remain and answer nil
calls to minister ,, to the dying and tc
bury the degjJ,._JIs be dis
graced were he to run away, as a sol
dier would be dishonored- were he to
slink oft and hide behind a tree dur
ing an open battle. At the flre in
the Equitable Building over in New
York, priests went among the falling
walls to administer extreme unction
to several injured men. Priests were
busy about their duties when the Ti
tanic sank at sea. The newspapers
often refer to what they call the hero
ism of Catholic priests. It may be
heroism to the world, but It Is not so
with us. In China we anointed lepers
with our naked hands and thought
nothing of it. They were outcasts
and had been deserted by their rela
tives and friends. And how grateful
they were in their horrible suffering
for a little human sympathy and the
preparation we Rave them for -he
grave. Shall a man of God be afraid?
Then would his faith be weak, in
deed!"
After Sidney 8mith.
Washington, Aug. 23. Majority
Leader Oscar W. Underwood, review
ing the achievements of the Demo
cratic house in the congressional rec
ord yesterday sets forth, as he sees It,
the situation before American con
sumers under the present tariff sys
tem in this fashion:
"Under the present oppressive tar
iff law the laboring man returns at
night from his toll clad In a woolen
suit taxed 75 per cent, shoes taxed 12
per cent, stockings and underwear 71
per cent, a cotton shirt taxed 50 per
cent, a wool hat and woolen gloves
taxed 78 per cent. He carries a din
ner pall taxed
45
per cent and greets
his wife as she looks through a win
dow pane taxed 62 per cent, with a
curtain taxed 42 per cent.
"The house is made of brick taxed
25 per cent and lumber taxed 9 per
cent, with paint taxed 32 per cent.
"He proceeds to eat his supper,
which was cooked on a stove taxed
45 per cent, for which his wife used
pots and kettles taxed 45 per cent.
"He proceeds to read a book taxed
25 per cent and at the close of the
day, reclines in an Iron frame bed
taxed 45 per cent.
"He is taken ill, and the doctor pre
scribes medicine taxed 25 per cent,
which, being ineffective, he passes
from this active sphere of life and his
remains are deposited In a coffin taxed
35 per cent which is conveyed to a
cemetery in a wagon taxed 35 per
cent, deposited in its resting place In
Mother Earth, and the grave filled In
by use of a spade taxed 45 per cent
while over his grave is raised a monu
ment taxed 50 per vent."
TORIES CHARGED
A Quintet of Leaders Said to be
Guilty of Inciting the Lawless
Element.
The Duke of Norfolk Has Never
Displayed Qualities of the
Born Leader.
The Tories Hold Party Interests
More Sacred Than They do
Law and Order.
It is very desirable that attention
should from time to time be drawn to
the curiously irresponsible Bptrlt in
which the Tory leaders are toj-lng'
with treason. The appeals to law
lessness In which the titled plebeian
leaders of the Conservative piixty In
dulged at Blenheim are a symptom
of a very grave disease in the holy
politic. The Marquis of Londonderry,
the Duke of Norfolk, Sir Edward Car
son, the Duke of Marlborough and
Bonar Law were each enthusiastic In
favor of defying the Home Rule bill
when it becomes law, and rebellion
against the authority of the Irish Par
liament, which will be opened by the
king In 1914, writes W. B. Thompson
In a dispatch to the American press.
Up to the present, at least, public
opinion has attached some Import
ance to the declaration of this pre
cious quintet, though not. too much.
Three of the five derive their Influ
ence from the mere accident of birth,
and not from any Inherent qualities
of their own. For example, the Mar
quis of Londonderry Ib a genial noble
man whose contributions to public
discussion are notoriously feeble.__ H§
has filled high office In the state, It
Is true, but always through the favor
of the few ruling "families" who dom
inate the Inner councils of the Tory
party. Had he been compelled to
earn his living in the open market,
the range of his talents would prob
ably enable him to fill with some de
gree of efficiency the post of a butler
or a footman.
The Duke of Norfolk is not quite
such a nonentity as regards charac
ter and gifts, but, whether acting as
postmaster general or as command
ing officer of Yeomanry on the South
African veldt, he has never displayed
exactly tho qualities you find in a
born leader of men.
The Third "Blue Blood."
The third "blue-blooded" aristocrat
in the quintet is the Duke of Marl
borough, whose only achievement in
life has been his pursuit and capture
of a Vanderbilt heiress. The proverb
ial habit of the English aristocrat of
living on money earned hy other peo
pie is not a characteristic which will
commend even a Churchill to the re
spect of men who still cherish a virile
conception of manhood.
The two plebeian members of the
quintet were Sir Edward Carson an
Bonar Law. Without their speeches.
Indeed, the Blenheim demonstration
would have excited even less interest
than an ordinary croquet tournament,
They are the "fighting" leaders of the
aristocratic party. The one Is a suc
cessful lawyer, and the other a Glas
gow Iron master—both members of
the Celtic fringe so much sneered at
on Conservative platforms, and both
members of the privy council, which
Is the constitutional body of •he
king's political advisers. Quite open
ly. In the presence of reporters, who
flashed their speeches over the tele
graph wires to every part of the coun
try, both Sir Edward Carson and
Bonar Law Incited Ulster to refuse
to acknowledge the authority of any
Irish Parliament that is set up. They
sought to cloak the full gravity of
what they said by using some rather
wild language. They accused the gov
ernment of fraud, and alleged that
Ulster ought not to fall In with the
rest of Ireland as regards Home Rule,
because the government had not "con
sulted" the country on the measure.
It is true that both of them har
angued the electors at the last three
general elections on the horrors of
Home Rule and on the certainty chat
the Liberals would, If returned, pass
Home Rule.
Appeal to Lawlessness.
They both knew In their hearts of
hearts that all this suggestion of
fraud and so on is mere rhetorical
fustaln, poured'forth only to appease reply, "Miss Smith from choice."
the more ignorant section of their
followers. They both know that what
they said at Blenheim is a reckless
appeal to the spirit of lawlessness.
Yet they do all this deliberately,
knowing full well that they are play
ing with flre. The sequel to all this
wild carnival of treasonable language
Is now apparent In Belfast.
Ignorant Orange workmen, who are
always depicted on Tory platforms as
the Innocent victims of religious per
secution, are now acting on the ad
vice tendered to them by Sir Edward
Carson and Bonar Law, and are re
sorting to violence. The brutal Ill
treatment of Catholic workmen (co
religionists of the Duke of Norfolk)
and Protestants who arc Home Rul
ers, has caused some of Messrs. Hart
land and Wolffs works to be shut
down.
The serious question to which these
facts give rise Is, why have the Tory
leaders In this way applied a lighted
match to such Inflammable material?
Is It because they have lost all sense
of responsibility, and do not know
what they are doing? Or is it he
cause they consider that the limits
of lawful obedience to the law have
long been renched? Tho latter hy
pothesis does not correspond to the
facts, because the Tory leaders are
full of indignation at "lawlessness"
when it. is practiced by workmen cut
on strike, and they are never tired nf
appealing to the government to up
hold law and order. One 'mist there
fore fall back on the former hypothe
sis, thai they have lost all sense of
respectability. People are apt to get
Irresponsible when they becomo des
perate. Sir Edward Carson and Bon
ar Law are desperate becauso they
know that so long as they play tho
game as the political game Is, ordi
narily played, they are as far off from
the treasury bench as they have been
for the last seven years. The one is
a political soldier of fortune, nnd the
other Is a pretentious mediocrity
striving to show off qualities he does
not possess. The Interests of their
party are. much more sacred to their
eyes than the interests of law and or
der, and they behave accordingly.
Peru's Rubber District.
Peru's minister at Washington says
that responsibility for the offenses In
the Putumayo rubber district should
be shared by the British rubber com
pany, whose enormous profits did not
benefit Peru,
Bays
tho N. Y. Inde­
pendent.
The witnesses who gave Sir Roger
Casement information, he adds, were
guilty, but were allowed to escape
They were Barbadian negroes and
British subjects. The British Gov
ernment, It has been announced by
Premier Asquith, will have an Investi
gation made by a select parliamentary
commission, with especial reference to
the British company. Peru's special
commissioner appointed for the dis
trict has formed a police force. Be
fore Sir Roger's report was published,
the Pope hud received a report from
Padre Genocchi, who had been sent
to make an investigation. On account
of this report he made urgent repre
sentations to the Governments con
cerned, the British Government in
cluded, and in an encyclical letter he
has instructed the archbishops sind
bishops in South America to prevent,
If possible, the brutal enslavement of
natives. Missionaries aro directed to
establish new stations. Four English
Franciscans were appointed last week
to go to Putumayo. The Protestant
missionary societies in London de
cided to establish Protestant missions
there at points where they would not
conflict with others. Tho district is
claimed by Colombia and Ecuador, as
well as by Peru. Colombia's consul
general at New York says In a letter
to a newspaper that "the outrages
have been encouraged by the Peruv
ian authorities," who have "supported
the predatory operations" of the rub
ber company "In order to obtain
forceful possession of territory which
does not belong, and never has be
longed, to Peru." All of It, he says,
belongs to Colombia, and Peru's
"greed" has caused invasion and has
not been restrained by considerations
of human life. Peru's consul general
has directed the attention of his Gov
ernment to these remarks.
Choice, Not Providence.
The office manager was expecting
an Important call from a client, a
Miss Smith of Providence, R. I. A
spinster lady announced herself as
"Miss Smith." ."Ah," exclaimed the
unctious manager, "Miss Smith from
Providence?" "No," was the haughty
MINNESOTA
ISTORICAL
SOCIETY, $
$2.00 Per Year
ELOQUEKIIRBUIE
TO A BMVE
By Hon. Daniel W. Lawler on the
Anniversary of the Battle of
Fort Ridgely.
The Gallant Youth, Born Within the
Sound of Shandon Bells, is
Lieut. Sheehan.
Spotless Uniform of the Army of
United States Never Worn Over
a Truer Heart.
The following eloquent address wa»
delivered by Hon. Daniel W. Lawler,
of St. Paul, Minn., at the Anniversary
Exorcises hold at Fort Ridgely, Mlnn^
on August M, 1912:
Ladles and Gentlemen:
Fifty years ago last Sunday even-
ing a detachment of soldiers in the
uniform of the Union Army, some fif
ty In number, had just completed their
camp for the night near Qlencoe in
this state. The bivouac was grate
ful to the tired and hungry soldiers,
because on that day they had march
ed twenty-five miles under a burning
August, sun. Their dreams of repose
were rudely shattered when into oamp
a messenger dashed bearing the fol
lowing message:
"Headquarters, Fort Ridgely, Aug.
IK. 1KS2.—Lieutenant Sheehan:—It Is
absolutely necessary that you should
return with your command immediate
ly to this post. The Indians are rais
ing hell at the Lower Agency. Return
as soon as possible. John S. Marsh,
Captain Commanding Post."
The camp was struck and the sol
diers marched to the West. Footsore
and fatigued through all that sleep
less night they followed their younjj
commander. They had left Fort Ridge
ly on the day before In apparent pcace
and security. The. threatened upris
ing had not taken place, the savage
was apparently appeased, the border
seemed secure. But In the intervening
time Marsh and twenty-three of his
men had gone to their death in the
deadly ambush at Rodwood Ferry and
the unspeakable horror of an Indian
war, with all Its nameless dread had
burst upon the Minnesota border. Fif
ty years ago last Monday morning,
within the square of this fort, unpro
tected by wall or palisade were crowd
ed panic stricken settlers with wires
and children, defended by twenty-nine
men with muskets commanded by a
lieutenant nineteen years of age. The
language of 'Captain Mareh in his mes
sage was not coarse or profane. There
aro no other words in this English
tongue of ours to tell the story except
tho words which were used by the
gallant soldier who was stiff In death
almost before the Ink was dry that
wrote them. Mad with the taste of
blood and slaughter the Indians moved
against this place of refuge. From the
highest building through the telescope
the watchers saw the enemy gather to
the west. Little Crow himself was in
command of six hundred warriors.
Who can paint the horror of that hour
and what tongue can tell the thank
fulness to God that filled the hearts
of the besieged when In the east they
heard the cheers of Sheehan's gallant
band that told that help had come and
Sheehan was in command?
It is not for me to attempt to trace
In detail the career of the gallant sol
dier whose name belongs to Minneso
ta and the nation. That task would
take a volume. But In all the story
of war I find no stranger, brighter or
more fascinating scene than this. The
fables of the Heroic Age and the sto
ries of Chivalry have no brighter tala
than the career of this gentle and
heroic spirit. He was then a stripling
youth. But a few years before he had
listened to the Bells of Shandon and
wandered by the pleasant waters of the
River Lee. And now by the inscrut
able decrees of fate in this far oft
western land, beside another river,
whose waters ran red with blood, he
heard the war cry of the red man and
the wail of the widow and the orphan.
The spotless uniform of the army of
the United States was never worq
above a truer heart than that of Tim-,
othy J. Sheehan, when on that far off
August day, fifty years ago, he took
this place of danger and of trust. You.
know the rest. Reinforced by th"«f
Renville Rangers and by the citizenN
defenders under the leadership ot-f
Hon. B. H. Randall, Who honors Up
•m

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