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GOD MADE THE FLAG OF
By Rev. P. A. Sharkey.
God made the dag of Ireland,
His angels wove each fold,
And wrapped around our sireland
The Green and White and Gold.
It crowns old Ireland's mountains
By Heaven's supreme decree
Above the graves of Ireland's braveB
It waves serene and free.
Though Britain's brutal laws have
The Gold and White and Green,
i, God's angels wove its every strand,
And lo! its glimmering sheen
Is, seen upon the mountain tops
In folds of golden gorse,
Where white buds washed in dew
Grow, and streamlets wend their
(Sod made the flag of Ireland,
No puny human hands
^Can tear from her, our sireland,
The love for which it stands—
The White of Erin's virgin love,
Forgiving times untold,
And bridging by His will above
The deathless Green and Gold.
God made the flag of Ireland
He made her sons to be
The warders of their sireland,
A nation pure anil free.
Today no tyrant's bluster
Shall cloud the Easter Dawn,
•Beneath God's flag we muster,
Our cry "Sinn Fein awaun!"
Mr. T. W. Russell, M.P., after a tour
of Northwest Donegal, said that he
was convinced of the necessity for
prompt action in providing maize and
flour to millers and merchants to pre
Demand Wage Increase.
Derry carters, who receive 27s., have
demanded an increase of 5s. a week.
Belfast Hospitals Committee.
Councillor Audrews has been ap
pointed Vice-Chairman of the Belfast
Hospitals and Dispensaries' Commit
tee in place of Dr. Allworthy, resigned.
Big Price for Hogs.
M. J. M'Andrew, Bangor, sold three
pigs ih Manchester for £90.
$1 Port Dues Increased.
At a recent meeting of the Belfast
I Harbor Commissioners the port dues
and rates were raised 20 per cent.
This increase on last year's basis will
mean an additional revenue of over
Death of Sister Carroll.
The death has occurred in the Con
vent of Mercy, Newry of Sister Mary
Teresa Carroll, for sixty-four years
connected with the Order.. She was a
sister of the late Mr. Vincent S. Car
The Partition Peril.
The Nationalists of Armagh are
vehement in their opposition to Par
tition. They are determined not to
be cut off from Ireland. The people
attribute the Partition peril to Red
mond's subserviency to the English
Body Found in River.
The body of Philip Marron, Peaste
was found in Loughferf lake. It is be
lieved that the tody was in the water
for at least three weeks. Marron had
been for several years in San Francis
co and returned to Ireland recentiyT
The Republican Flag.
At Trillick a representation of the
Republican flag was painted on the
door of the police barrack.
To Close Workhouse.
Irvinestown Guardians have decided
to close the workhouse and hospital
and to accept the Enniskillen Guar
dians' terms for boarding the inmates.
There was great rejoicing in South
Fermanagh over the election of Jo
seph McGuinness for South Longford.
Bonfires burned and the Republican
flag was everywhere displayed.
.'Mass for Martyrs.
Anniversary Mass was offered up in
^Loughduff Catholic Church for the re
frose of the 89uls of the men who died
in Easter We'ek, 1916. The members
of Loughduff Corps of the Volunteers
had three large Republican flags, one
of which they left flying outside while
•••'.— '•. r*
Petition Against Partition.
Thousands of people in Dungarvan
town and district have signed the pe
tition against Partition. The list will
remain open for signatures at the
Town Hall for several days.
The New Movement.
Rev. Father Culligan, C.C., Silver
mines, who presided at a Sinn Fein
meeting in Nenagh, said that the mem
bers of every new movement in Ire
land were called felons and criminals.
Clare Farmers' Protest.
The Clare Farmers' Association has
passed a resolution protesting against
the stoppage of racing in Ireland. The
resolution emphasizes the injury to
horse breeding and the number of
people that will be thrown out of em
Killed1* by Passing Train.
Mr. D. Flynn, an extensive farmer
of Knocksouna, Bruree, was killed at
a railway crossing on his land by the
Limerick to Cork train.
P'Brien Not to Retire.
Persistent rumors have been in
circulation in Cork to the effect that
Mr. William O'Brien has decided to
retire, from the Parliamentary" repre
sentation erf the city, and that the
question of finding a candidate to con
test the seat has been exercising the
minds not only of Mr. O'Brien's fol
lowers, but also of" the Redmdndites
and the Sinn Feiners. Inquiries failed
to elicit any confirmation of the ru
Fatal Driving Accident.
While returning from Mallow with
a load of manure, Michael Church,
farmer, fell from his' cart and was
j! Vote of Sympathy.
Listowel Guardians passed a vote
of-sympathy with their colleague, Mr.
J. J. Foley, on the death of his mother.
Mass for the Martyrs.
Mass for the repose of the souls of
James Connolly, Michael Mallin and
Sean Houston, was celebrated on May
13 in the Dominican Church, Tallaght.
The people walked in procession from
the Church carrying Republican flags,
and were attacked by a large force
of police at Mountpleasant Square.
The Superintendent of Police was
struck with a hurley and received a
bad wound. The Inspector was
knocked down but his injuries were
slight. There were no arrests.
The Droglieda Board of Guardians
have unanimously passed a resolution
endorsing the protest made by the
Bishops against Partition, and calling
upon the public' bodies to do like
Protest Against Partition.
Mr. C. Plunkett Coghill, J.P., Frank
ville, Atliboy, writing against Partition,
states: "As a Unionist, but above all
an Irishman \yho loves his country, I
trust you will include my name as
one who protests against the proposed
Partition of Ireland."
Compulsory Fodtk Regulations.
Mr. II. J. Hanbury was fined £2 at
Trim for selling oats- at a price ex
ceeding the maximum fixed by the
New Pastor of Rahan.
Mullingar Commissioners-have ex
pressed regret at the departure of
Rev. J. Flynn, and congratulated him
on his appointment as P. P. of Rahan
At the Westmeath County Commit
tee of Agriculture and Technical In
struction, the Chairman, Mr. R. J.
Downes, submitted a scheme for pro
viding milling accommodation in the
county. He pointed out that the Coun
ty Council had, some time ago, voted
£700 for the purpose, to be used in
conjunction* with a similar grant, if
given, by the Department, and the
latter had been acquainted of this.
He drew up a scheme "as .a result of
a letter he had received from an of
ficial of the Department. The Com
mittee approved the scheme, and or
dered it to be sent to the Depart
Masses for M'GuinntfSs.
At a meeting held at Arda^h to for
ward the interests of Joseph McGuin
ness, a letter was read amid enthusi
asm from Father Avustine of ^u-c''
Street, Dublin, in which he sa'd that
all the Masses the F"-
Church for u..
offered for ihu
ness in this elem
confident that i\u
.j WO. _•
iivv were very
.,iicss would win
and that South l.o..^.oid would strike
a great blow for Ireland.
Defence of Realm Act.
At the Petty Sessions' Court in
Longford, Pat. Gowan, Bawn, was fined
7s. 6d. for demanding a price over
that laid down by the Food Control
ler for potatoes, contrary to the pro
visions of the Defence of the Realm
The Late Dean Scanlan.
A resolution of regret at the death
of Very Rev. Dean Scanlan, V.G., P.P.,
Birr, was passed by the Munster Coun
cil of the Clerical School Managers.
The triumph of the Sinn Fein can
didate for South Longford has been
hailed with delight throughout the
county. When news of the victory
arrived there were processions, bon
fires and a display of Republican flags.
People of Naas Rejoice.
The result of the election was re
ceived with great rejoicing in Naas.
The Republican colors were flown
from several houses and a tar bar
rel was lighted on the Fair Green.
Serious Motor Accident.
A serious-street accident occurred
near Leeson Street Bridge, Dublin,
when a motor car, driven by Mr. P.
McCann, solicitor, of Naas, collided
with an outgoing tramcar from the
Nelson Pillar to CJonskeagh. The mo
tor car was smashed, and Mr. Mc
Cann was thrown violently on to the
pavement, ^sustaining very severe in
juries to his head. He was conveyed
to St. Vincent's Hospital. His con
dition is serious.
Presentation to Bank Clerk.
Mr. P. L. Browner, Hibernian Bank,
Wicklow, has received a presentation
on his transfer to Newbridge.
Jubilation in Ennlscorthy.
There was great jubilation in En
niscorthy over the result of the South
Longford election. Tar barrels burned
in the market square, Turret Rocks
and Vinegar Hill. Hundreds of young
men paraded the streets and placed
a Republican flag on the Father Mur
phy '98 monument.
Refused to Pay Fine.
Michael Hore, Seawood Avenue,
Wexford, was convicted at the local
Petty Session^ of making statements
calculated to cause disaffection, and,
on being fined 21s., with costs, de
clined to pay, and was removed in
Bonus for Surveyor.
The Carlow Urban Qouncil have
granted a bonus of £25 to Mr. P. P.
Carbury, Borough Surveyor.
Handwriting on Wall.
The Carlow Nationalist regards the
defeat of the Irish Party in South
Longford as the handwriting on the
Put Country Up for Sthe.
In no part of Ireland was the tri
umph of Irish Nationalism over job
bery greater than in old Ossory. The
Kilkenny People, voicing the opinion
of all true Irishmen, remarks: "If
Ireland acts on the lead given by
South Longford, a stern account will
be exacted from the politicians who
put their country up for sale. There
would be no Partition if there were
no Partitionists. The Partitionists are
the men who betrayed their trust.
Death of Mrs. M'Dermott.
The de^th has taken place at her
residence, Rooskey, of Mrs. Patrick
McDermott, mother of Sister Mary
Ethnea and Mary Alberta, Sacred
Heart Convent, Jersey City, U. S. A.,
and Mr. Henry J. McDermott, Inspec
tor of Customs, New York.
It was reported to the Castlerea
Guardians that there were over 400
vaccination defaulters in the Union,
and notices were ordered to be served
on ten of the oldest defaulters in each
of the districts with a view to prose
cutions in the event of their not com
plying with the law. Boyle Guard
ians made a similar order in the case
of Boyle No. 1 dispensary district,
where there are 201 defaulters.
Irish Language Fund.
A Flag Day in support of the Irish
language was held recently in Boyle
and a very substantial sum* was real
ized. Everybody wore the Republican
"e displayed in
and they are
"nise. A flas
.ixbt .(1 LlV .Siull 1 !,
ui H:beru.aus in.t
...ibo, iuious vote of confidence
in ... ..jiison, pledging him ui.
their against the insidious at
tack muuu .-.n liim for exercising his
right, as a member of the Corpora
tion, in supporting the conferring of a
merited honor on Count Plunkett.
The Countess Marckievicz.
The Sligo Corporation have adopted
a resolution proposed by Councillor
Reilly, and seconded by Councillor
Monson, calling on the Government to
treat Countess Marckievicz and the
Irishmen, sentenced for the rebellion,
as prisoners of war.
There was great rejoicing in Car
rick-on-Shannon over the result of the
South Longford election. Tar barrels
were lighted on the hills, and the
Drumlin A. O. H. Band, with a crowd
of young men, paraded the streets, and
cheered Joseph McGuinness, Archbish
op Walsh, the Bishops -who signed th^
anti-partition petition, Count Plunkett,
Bishop O'Dwyer of-Limerick, and Fath
Body Found in River.
A body taken from the Shannon at
Athlone, has been identified as that
of Driver John Wyn'ne, aged twenty
five, of Drumshambo. He had been
missing since March 24.
Triumph of Unselfish Politics.
The Mayo News, referring to the
South Longford election, writes: "It
is the most magnificent triumph of
pure and unselfish patriotism over the
worst elements of political corruption
and chicanery that, perhaps, Irish his
tory can record. Irish hearts all over
the world will rejoice at the glad tid
Lace Instructress Appointed.
Miss O'Halloran, Newport, has been
appointed lace instructress by the
Mayo Technical Instruction Commit
Margarine Instead of Butter.
The Master of the Swinford Work
house reported to the Guardians that
he had to pay 2s. 6d. per lb. for but
ter, as the officers- and attendants
had declined to use margarine, an ex
cellent supply of which he was get
ting from Cork at 9d. per lb. The
use of margarine was ordered to be
continued in the house.
Professor Steinberger's Will.
The late Professor Steinberger, Uni
versity College, Gal way, who left £8,
475, left two contingent annuities of
£200 each for the erection and main
tenance of the new Catholic Cathe
dral in Galway.
DISCUSSION OF, THE
How Lloyd George's Proposal Is Taken
by Ireland's American Frie.nds—A
Wide Range of Opinion Expressed
Many Clarifying Suggestions Of
As was to be expected the proposed
conventiop holds the center of the
world's sta^e in spite of the innumer
able other political issues that raise
their threatening heads for adjust
ment discussion. It is becoming evi
dent as the (lays go by that the status
of Ireland must be surely and definite
ly determined before the cause of de
mocracy can command the hearty and
effective support required to concen
trate the energies of the civilized
world against the autocracy and inso
lence of Hohenzollernism. The tenta
tive draft of the convention plan has
aroused bitter opposition on the part
of many of the most able, earnest and
sincere friends of the Irish cause, Who
can discern it nothing but a scheme
by which England hopes to "save, her
face," as the professed propagandist
of the rights of the weaker nations.
The principal counts of the indictment
against the plan as given by the Com-,
mittee of the Friends of Irish Freedom
—Dr. Thomas Addis Eihmet, Victor
Herbert and James/K. McGuire, are
Excluding from consideration the
intensive and highly colored state
ments which have beetr cabled to the
newspapers, manifestly designed to in
fluence public opinion in America
also excluding the fervid declarations
of Members of Parliament, there is
but^one concrete proposal made by the
responsible Minister of the Crown that
can form a basis for any intelligible
This proposal, reduced to simple
terms, is: (a) That because of the
failure of all attempts to arrive at a
settlement on proposals which ema
nated from a British Government, the
present Government invites Irishmen
themselves to put forward their pro
posals (b) for that purpose, the Gov
ernment proposes to summon a con
vention of Irishmen to submit a con
stitution for the Government of Ire
lnnd w'th'n the Empire (c) the con
vention -v 11 be representative of the
lcca1 lo- pvn'n! bodies, the churches
the "s the commercial
undetermined, but from the
is rea^onauly inferable that
rnment is t(ii appoint the del
e) the convention is to be
helu behind closed doors, and the
chu T...an is to be appointed by the
rown (f) nothing but special war
considerations would induce the Gov
ernment to take up the settlement of
the Ir:sh Question at this time.
A fair and impartial analysis of the
foregoing provisos will convince the
unprejudiced mind that the proposal
to allow a convention of Irishmen to
adopt a constitution for the govern
ment of their country is illusory and
deceptive, for the following reasons:
(1.) It excludes all means and •op
portunity for the adult population of
Ireland to give free and unrestricted
expression of feeling and opinion.
(2.) It limits representation to cer
tain public bodies, professions, inter
ests, and classes, which in the major
ity of cases are either under Govern
ment control or susceptible to its in
(3 It in no sense can be a repre
sentative body with a mandate from
the people to speak for them, since its
members will be Government- ap
pointees, and consequently care will
be taken that a majority ^rill repre
sent the Government.
(4.) The inclusion of the miscalled
Sinn Feiners is a specious semblance
of generosity,, since among their brav
est and most gifted are those con
demned to imprisonment, whose voice
and influence would be as useful and
potential as were the voice and influ
ence of the warring Boers who were
iirvited to council in South Africa.
(5.) A convention chairman ap
pointed by the Government would to
all intents and- purposes be a govern
mental instrument, having in his hands
the whole machinery of the conven
tion, the formulation of rules and pro
cedure, the uses of arbitrary power
without responsibility, and by reason
of the secrecy surrounding the pro
ceedings, the authority to suppress
free discussion and bar public criti
cism, so essential to a constructive
We therefore regard the proposal
as an insidious pretense, impractica
ble in its operation, and, because" of
its lack of democratic honesty, -fore
doomed to failure.
As Americans, we assert and be
lieve that in doing so weNare in har
mony with sound public opinion in
America and that, if England be sin
cere, in the words of Lloyd George,
that she "woyld not forget that restitu
tion and reparation began at home,"
she will concede to the Irish people
the right to elect their own represen
tatives, that those representatives
shall have the right to elect their own
chairman, and conduct their proceed
ings in the light of day, frame the gov
ernment the people of Ireland want,
and that the constitution which the$
may draft for the government of Ire
land will be. promptly accepted and
enacted by the Parliament of England.
Opinions of Other Leaders.
Among the many prominent New
Yorkers who have given the' result of
their study of the propositions are
Father Wynne, Judge Cohalan, Sen
ator O'Gorman, Judge Goff and W.
Bourke Cochran, none of whom ex
press unqualified approval of the meas
ure. Father Wynne sums up his con
Restraining Influences Needed.
But another factor complicates this
question of representation. Most of
the Republican leaders are in jail. The
wisest of them all, Professor John
McNeill, the man who, failing to pre
vent the Easter Rising, yet succeeded
in restricting it to Dublin, has just
completed the first year of penal ser
vitude to which he was condemned
for his political activities. His re
straining influence was never more
sorely needed in Ireland than at this
moment. A party deprived of its lead
ership in a convention, no matter how
great its numerical strength there, is
a party without real and effective rep
resentation. As Mr. Redmond has
stipulated and Mr. Lloyd George has
promised that the convention will be
truly representative of all shades of
Irish opinion, the adjustment of this
difficulty is doubtless now under con
sideration by these statesmen.
The Southern Unionists, the only re
maining Irish party, return two mem
bers to Parliament. In-so-far as they
are .Unionists, their sentiment coin
cides-with the Ulsterites, and they are
in no need of special .consideration.
But in-so-far as they alone represent
Episcopalian interests in Ireland, too
groat tenderness cannot be shown in
Iheir regard. Perhaps a separate
committee of the convention a com
mittee consisting, of clerical represen
tatives of the Roman Catholic prim
acy, of the .Episcara ian hierarchy, of
the Presbyter}* assrmbly, and cf the
other gcyern'rig bodies of non-conform
ity in Ireland could, in these days
when Christian i:y is as vital an
O.'FLl S? .NCE
Saturday, June 16, 1917
A CATHOLIC MILITARY COLLEGE
Ranked as an Honor School by the War Department
Collegiate Commercial Academic Preparatory
Careful Mental, Moral and Religious Trainine
Eight Hundred and Thirty Students From
Twenty-Five States Last Year.
FOR ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE ADDRESS
Very Rev. H. Moynihan, D. D. Pres.
ssue as national, best compose their
difficulties outside of a political con
vention. The chambers of commerce
and other industrial interests in Ire
land, with their expert knowledge, per
haps might also better adjust their
special claims in the harmony of a
committee than in the chaos of an
Given Both Desire and Opportunity.
Given the desire for settlement, and
the power to settle, there is nothing
inherently impossible of settlement in
the Irish situation. Conditions can be
laid down by which every legitimate
interest in Ireland will be adequately
safeguarded. But, even with these
conditions assured, will a settlement
be reached? The decision rest entire
ly with the extremists. If these, Re
publicans or Reactionaries, believe
themselves assured of support outside
of Ireland,, support from America or
from England, support greater than
their numbers or their claims merit,
they may remain obstructive and re
calcitrant, they may refuse all com
promise, they may frustrate every at
tempt .at settlement. It is, therefore,
now of value to canvass Irish opinion
in America, to place on record the at
titude of Irish-Americans toward this
convention, in order that irish aims
here may be defined, lest extremists,
deluding themselves with false hopes,
plan to defeat its purpose. No elabo
rate inquiries are necessary. Catego
rical answers to the following «three
questions would give all the informa
(1.) Are you in favor of a. conven
tion of the Irish TnTlreland determin
ing the plan of the future Government*
(2.) If that convention be arranged
on a basis as equitable as is consistent
with the present .exigencies of war,
will you abide by its decisions?
(3.) If the British Parliament le
galizes these decisions, will you loyal
ly and whole-heartedly co-operate with
the* Irish Government thus consti
Information Necessary for Convention.
This information is necessary to the
members of the convention. It is no
less essential to the vast body of non
Irish opinion in America, for if Ire
land ceases from being a cockpit for
English politicians, there should be
neither support nor tolerance here for
mischievous agitators seeking then to
convert it into a cockpit for intransi
geant Irish factions.
To show sympathy with the Rus
sian people and to give what aid they
may seek in counsel, an American
Commission has been dispatched Dy
President Wilson to Russia. The set
tlement of the Irish Question now is
scarcely less important to the success
ful prosecution of the war than is the
adjustment of difficulties in Russia.
In Ireland, as in Russfh, men en
grossed^ in the problems among which
they live are apt to lose their perspec
tive, are apt to exaggerate inconse
quential differences, forgetting that
the world is at war. The people of
Ireland in their existing confusion
need advice/ and aid almost as urgent
ly as our Russian allies. A deputa
tion of eminent Irish-American Pres
byterians is about to go to Ireland to
place at the disposal of their Ulster
brethren their wisdom in all matters
upon which their counsel may be
sought. This is an auspicious begin
ning. In wishing these patriotic and
self-sacrificing gentlemen God-speed,
one cannot help regretting that the
Irish in Ireland have not now by their
side the leaders of iHsh thought in
this country and in Canada. Mr.
Michael Ryan, of Philadelphia, the
leader of the Nationalist Party here
Supreme Court Justice Cohalan, the
leader of the Young Ireland move
ment Justice Keogh, Mr. Victor Her
berfef fex-Senator O'Gorman, Mr. Bain
bridge Colby, vand countless other
Irishmen .of distinction are available
in this crisis.' The sending now to
Ireland of pil American advisory com
mission adequately representing* Irish
opinion in this country would be
deemed a gracious and a friendly act
by the Irish people, would be of in
calculable aid to the success of the
convention, and would be the means
of bringing the Irish Question to a
speejiy and a permanent solution.
No Such Thing as Poor
Soil under our methods of
farming. "SAN MUCK"
Literature tells why. Free.
100 bushels of corn on
lightest soil. You can raise
it on land we sell on terms
you can meet.
•1211 McKnight Building
of Saint Thomas
CONTROL® DIRECTION OF ARCHBISHOP IRELAND-..
aintf Paul Minnosota
0 E i- IE