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**2fca* Vol. XXXIII. Nol"#** In preparation for the great "after the war" task of re-establishing the entire world on a basis of permanent peace, the Vatican is pursuing a steady policy of resuming and establishing diplomatic relations with as many countries as possible. By being in direct and official con tact with all the leading nations of the world, the Vatican hopes to be in a position to lend aid and influence to those of the United States and allied belligerents who, with the close of the war, will assume the leadership in attempting to render impossible for all time to come a similar catas trophe. Shortly after the opening of the war and without any reference to the above mentioned policy, diplomatic rela tions were resumed between England and the Vatican and .a Papal Nuncio also was accepted at Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire. Religion No Bar. More recently the Vatican has been able to resume diplomatic relations with Portugal, and to enter into rela tions with China and Japan. In this way the Vatican is already in official relation with the various nations rep resenting all of the principal relations of the world. Diplomatic negotiations are under stood to be under way between the Vatican and Switzerland for an ex change of diplomatic representatives. Official announcement that such an understanding has been reached may be expected at any moment. One of the dearest projects along this line which His Holiness is de clared in competent circles to have at heart is to see the Apostolic Delegate at Washington raised to the position of a Papal Nuncio or Papal Ambassa dor. At the present time no official re lations exist between the United States and the Vatican. The Apostolic Delegate at Washington is merely there to watch over interests of Amer ican Catholics. Precedent Is Set. Should the United States consent to have this position raised to that of Official announcement has just been made thjit the third biennial conven tion of the International Federation of Catholic Alumnae, scheduled to take place in St. Louis, October 16 to 20, has been postponed until after the war. The news was received last Sat urday by Mrs. John H. Donohue, of St. Paul, governor for Minnesota. "The federation," ^Wrs. Donohue says, "is anxious to co-operate with the government in every possible way, and in deference to the restrictions placed on travel, except for business and war exigencies, has decided to de fer the convention until the war is ended and normal conditions prevail throughoht the country. "Members of the federation number ing 50,000 women graduates of Cath olic colleges, convents, academies and high schools in the United States have given splendid patriotic services to humanity's cause by widespread home war activities in many fields of en deavor. "The Red Cross work of the various state chapters has been extensive and notable, according to reports which have come from the national presi dent, Miss Clare Cogan, of Brooklyn, N. Y., and Miss Regina M. Fisher, of Philadelphia, chairman of publicity," Mrs. Donohue said. "Sacrifice and service has been the slogan and one in which the patriotism and loyalty of the organization has found full expression. A meeting," Mrs. Donohue said, "will be held of the executive and advisory council late in November under the direction of the Rev. Edward A. Pace, Ph. D., di rector of the association, the place and date of which will be announced U. S. And Vatican On Intimate Terms Diplomatic Relations Are Likely to be Established in the Very Near Future. Pope's Constant Labors in Behalf ot Prisoners Lauded by U. S. and Allies CANCELS CONVENTION UNTIL WAR IS OVER a Nunciature, this would provide for a regular exchange of diplomatic rep resentatives between the Vatican and Washington. The lead which English and-other Protestant, to say nothing of Mohammedan and Buddhist, states have taken in establishing diplomatic relations with the Holy See, would not make this step on the part of the United States, it is pointed out, any great departure from previous cus toms. There always is more or less prob ability of an eventual resumption of diplomatic relations between France and the Vatican. Inofficial steps are in progress all the time, and it is practically certain that sooner or later these will develop into official nego tiations. There seems every likelihood that at the end of the war the Vatican will be in a position to lend its in fluence in an official and effective man ner towards establishment of a perm anent world peace, and toward settle ment of the various rumanitarian questions that the after the war period is certain to bring. HE'S READY FOR SERVICE, TOO, Probably this sturdy youngster will not grow up fast enough to get into the present war but if health and strength count he certainly has the makings of a good soldier. His moth er is Jtfrs. j. Rathjen, 355 Prospect avenue^ Eawtueket, R. I., and she sa^s that for over two years she has used Father John's Medicine in her family lloth for the youngster and the other members of the family with excellent results. Mrs. Rathjen says she "thinks there is nothing better," and a few of her friends to whom she has recommended the medicine have had the same experience. This pure, old fashioned, family medicine is nourish ing, wholesome and strengthening. It has superior food value and is rich in the very elements which make flesh and strength. It is guaranteed free from alcohol or dangerous drugs in any form. later," The Minnesota Federation of Cath olic Alumnae will hold a meeting next Sunday afternoon, at 3 o'clock, at St. Joseph's Academy, Nelson and West ern avenues, St. Paul, when the con stitution and by-laws of the associa tion, which have just been drawn up, will be ratified and plans for inten sive, unified war work through the state will be outlined. The associa tion represents an aggregation of over 1,500 Catholic women, composed of alumna of St. Joseph's academy, St. Catherine's college and the Visitation convent, St. Paul St. Benedict's acad emy, St. Joseph, Minn., and St. Mar garet's academy, Minneapolis. An invitation is extended to all mem bers of the association to attend. Mrs Donohue will preside. Portland, Ore. K. C's. Elect Officers Portland, Ore.—The following were elected by Portland Council No. 678, Knights of Columbus, at their regular meeting, Monday evening, September 9: Grand Knight, Patrick Bacon (re elected) Deputy Grand Knight, Hen ry Kavelage Chancellor, Frank Smith Warden, John P. Hart Treasurer, T. E. Dooley Recorder and Financial Secretary, J. Frank Sinnott Trustees, J. N. Dominese, J. B. Drennan Pub licity Agent, A. B. Cain Outside Guard, George W. Little wood Inner Guard, C. P. Leehan. 7*7 ,r*« r"5 Minneapolis, Minn., CARDINAL FARLEY. Peacefully Passes Away at His Coun try Home Tuesday Night. Mamaroneck, N. Y., Sept. 17.—Car dinal John M. Farley, archbishop of New York, died at his country home here tonight. The aged prelate had been sinking rapidly since he suffered a relapse last Saturday following par tial recovery from an attack of pneumonia. He was born in County Armagh Ireland, in 1842. He entered St. John's college at Fordham, N. Y., in 1864 he was ordained priest in Rome in 1870. In 1902 he became the fourth archbishop of New York, and was ele vated to the cardinalate in 1911. Cardinal Farley was known as a democratic, large hearted and self-ef facing prelate. He was a remarkable linguist and a proficient writer, having always ex hibited an apitude for both .English and classical composition. His grasp upon American constitu tional history was said to be extra ordinary. The history of the United States was his favorite subject of reading. For the last three days, physicians attending the cardinal have been ex pecting his death hourly. Although he rallied today from several sinking spells, no hope was entertained for his recovery. At his bedside were three doctors, Bishop Hayes of New York, Mon signor Carroll, the cardinal's private secretary Vicar General Lavelle and Monsignor Mooney. "The end came peacefully and beau tifully," said Bishop Hayes. Priests in the room, who were saying prayers for the dying, were unaware that death had come until the physicians stepped back from the bed. Lieut. Col. William H. Donahue, 151st U. S. field artillery, arrived in Minneapolis last Saturday from France. More than two score of friends and his mother, Mrs. Nora Donahue, were on the Milwaukee station platform when Lieut. Col. Donahue, wearing on his breast the army's distinguished service cross, stepped from the train. Even Rev. Father Cullen, of the Pro-Cathedral, and the rest of the lieutenant colonel's friends, waited at & respectful distance until the lit tle white-haired mother had greeted him. Bronzed by the suns and winds of France, Col. Donahue's appearance is that of the typical and ideal Ameri can fighting man. "Sure I'm glad to get back," he told his mother, "and I was just as sorry to leave. Never felt better in my life." "When is the war going to end, Will?" was the first-thing the mother wanted to know, now that she had her son at home again. "I don't know—no one can do more than conjecture, but it will be war for a long time yet," was his answer. "There is one thing I want to say to the families and friends of the old First Minnesota Field artillery, that the men are today in better condition, man for man, than they ever were in before in all their lives. The morale and stamina of the regiment is above par. We are just a great big Minne apolis and Minnesota family. It was as a family we went over and it's a family we have been ever since. "I want to say a word about the French soldier. He is the finest in the world. He is the best grounded, best trained and most efficient fighter in Europe. Each Frenchman feels it's his own personal fight, and he goes at lt in just that way. The feeling be tween the French and Americans is wonderful. "Mr. Frenchman seems to regard us as his big brother. You know how small boy can fight another lad when he sees his big brother coming. Just the same way over there, when the French saw us coming. When we Lt Col. Wm. 0, Donahue ,t Returns From France An Enthusiastic Reception Accorded Him by the People of This City-Will Go To Camp Mead, Where He Will Train And Take Over-Seas New Artillery Regiment Saturday, September 21, A GREAT IRISH SINGER. John O'Sullivan, Now Leairig Tenor At the Paris Gra,nd Opera, Com ing to This Country. The most popular French tenor in Paris is an Irishman. John O^Sullivan, and Cleofonte Canipanini has an nounced that he has engaged this Franco-Celtic celebrity for the com ing season of the Chicago Opera As sociation in Chicago, New York and .Boston. After Mr. Campanini de prived the Grand Opera in Paris of the art of Lucien Muratore, "The O'Sullivan" became the successor of the great French singing actor in that metropolis. Next season both of these graduates of Parisian opera will find themselves colleagues in ithe \Chicago •Opera. John O'Sullivan is said to be a stal wart young Irishman of thirty years, although of full artistic stature and fame, and with Alessandro Dolci, the equally popular young Italian tenor, and Muratore also, Mr. Campanini feels that he is forming his tenor con tingent with youth and vigor as well as the three most highly approved ar tists of their respective classifications. The general director is also in negotia tion with another prominent French tenor, a famous French soprano and still another Italian tenor, all of whose engagements he hopes to announce in a few days. Mr. O'Sullivan sang as a boy in Ire land, and displayed such talent that he was sent, after preliminary musical training at home, to Paris, where he entered the Conservatoire. After graduating with honors, the winner or a prize in this institution, he sang in Italy and Switzerland until he was called to the coveted post of leading tenor at the Paris Grand Opera. came in with the Poilu in the 42nd division, we were made to feel at home. General Menoher, comman dant of the division, is as careful of the Americans as of his own people. That two nations could so completely unite in feeling and action, is wonder ful. "The whole American army in France is something to be proud of. We Yankees have got to a point where we are really proud of our selves. The morale of the entire army of more than 1,000,000 men on the fighting line, is superb." Lieut. Colonel Donahue is very proud of the fact the 151st is a vol unteer regiment. A great many of the men in the command saw service in the border and the Spanish-Amer ican war. He considers it the flower of the 42nd division. Col. Donahue is now at Camp Meade, having been under orders to return there for duty. He is one of a number of experi enced line officers back here to help train the new draft army. An in formal reception in his honor was given at the Pro-Cathedral of St. Mary on Saturday night. There was a large attendance at the sub-audi torium. "Remember, no news is good news," he told anxious mothers. "If your boy is sick or wounded you'll hear it soon through the War department. If you don't hear from him you may assume he is all right. "The morals of the men in France are far better than when they left the United States. France is not a frivo lous nation. One cannot judge it by the boulevard crowds," he declared. The Rev. T. E. Ctillen, pastor of the Pro-Cathedral parish, presided. Pa triotic songs were sung by members of the church choir and the audience. An orchestra played. Colonel Donahue did not neglect the broader, more scientific phases of the war. "After going over a map of the St. Mihiel sector with French officers, it seemed to me impossible to take it," he said. "The wonderful attack has been made possible through the gen- (Continued on p«o S) Tlie new Registration Act which will come into effect on October 1 next, will more than treble the number of voters in Ireland. During the recent election campaign in VVaterford City, the Dillonite organs remarked that the Sinn Feiners had big crowds at their meetings, but that the young men had not the votes. In the elections of the future the young people will have the franchise, and this spells disaster for the party that sold Ireland for jobs and empty promises. The Dublin In dependent comments as follows on the new register: The new Registration Act has ef fected a complete reform of the fran chise law. All the old franchises have been swept away, and in their place residence and occupation are taken as the qualifications. Women, as is al ready generally known, are, for the first time, admitted to the parliamen tary franchise. The registration of ficers in the counties and boroughs are at present busy in issuing the list of electors, and, judging by the lists so far published, it looks as if the number of electors for Ireland will bo much larger than was contemplated. According to the last register com piled in 1914, the total number of par liamentary electors in this country was 698,098. Taking the three boroughs of Dublin, Belfast and Waterford, and the counties of Antrim, Tyrone, Mayo and a portion of Dublin County, we have on the list no fewer than 592,« 395 names. These numbers may be reduced by successful objections but, on the other hand, they may be in creased by the addition of the names of persons entitled to be registered which have been omitted. Due notice will be given of the publication of the li3ts and of the dates up to which ob jections and claims may be received. The register is divided into three parts—viz: (1) Those who are en titled to vote both as parliamentary and local government electors (2) those who are entitled to vote only as paliamentary electors and (3) those who are entitled to vote as local government electors. In addition, there is a supplement known as the Yesterday, says the Irish Times of July 30, in the Commercial Court of the King's Bench Division, London, Mr. Justice Roche gave judgment in the action of Curtis & Sons, engineers, Middle Abbey street, Dublin, against Mr. H. N. Matthews, Lloyd's under writers, claiming to recover compen sation under a war and bombardment policy in respect of damage caused to plaintiff's premises by fire arising from the military operations during the Dublin rebellion in Easter Week. His lordship held that the plaintiffs were entitled to £29,703, and gave judgment against defendant of his proportion of loss and costs. He granted a stay of execution in view of an appeal. His lordship found that the Post Office was bombarded by the Crown forces, and by reason of the bombard ment a conflagration broke out there, which spread by means of the highly inflammable barricade constructed by the Insurgents, until it had reached aiid virtually destroyed the buildings and contents of the plaintiffs' prem ises. Defendant disputed liability on various grounds—first, as to the con tention that the policy did not cover risks excluded and excepted, such as losses by fire caused by riots and civil commotions, but only war and bombardment risks. His lordship said the contention was correct, but he could not accept the defendant's con tention that what took place in Dub lin in Easter Week was a civil com motion and not within the policy. Upon oral evidence given by plaintiffs and the evidence supplied in the Sinn Fein Rebellion handbook, he was sat 41 V' fl*^ Ireland Will Socn Have Many New Voters Ballot Power to be Trebled When Registration Act Goesjnto Effect on October 1. Ireland Looks Forward to the New Registration with Great Satisfaction THE DUBLIN UPRISING WAS GENUINE WAR the Copy absent voters' list, which will com prise not only naval and military vot ers, but also those who by reason of the nature of their occupation, serv ice or employment, might be debarred from voting in person during the time the register is in force. Formerly there were nine Irish boroughs with an electorate of 124,768. Three of these viz., Kilkenny, Galway and Newry— have been abolished. The register compiled for Belfast alone contains 158,363 names, and that for Dublin City 114,333, so that the former city may have nearly 40,000 more voters than all the boroughs put together un der the old franchise. Under the 1914 register the parliamentary voters in Belfast and Dublin were 55,849 and 32,572 respectively. As an illustra tion of the effect in the counties, Mayo may be cited. Metz To Fall, Fochji® Siys'Teji. cf C. Marshal Focli, in supreme command of the Allied armies, has accepted the marshal's baton offered to him by the Knights of Columbus of America. In accepting it the French commander sent the following cable to James A. Flaherty, Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus. "I am deeply touched by the con gratulations and the delicate atten-' tion of the Knights ,of Columbus. Kindly convey to them my b«Bt thanks. The souvenir of Metz evoked by you holds a large place in my thoughts, in the same way that it calls forth your effort. It was from Metz that Lafayette went to help your ancestors, and we shall one day see your victor ious banner floating in Metz. (Signed) "Focli." This cablegram, prophesying ulti mate victory for American armies, was written just before the great offensive movement was launched. isfied that what occurred was more than a riot and more than a civil com motion. Quoting from the decision of Chief Justice Wilmot in a case arising from Norwich disturbances in 1776, his lordship said, just as the Chief Justice then observed that among armies' great guns or bombs the laws are silenced, so in the pres ent case the Four Courts were seized, and made a stronghold of the insurg ents, and, naturally, an Easter sit ting could not be begun on the -due date. Moitgonery K. cl C. Show Marked licreise Montgomery, Minn.—Sunday, Sept. 8, marked another day of growth in Montgomery Council, K. of C., when fifty-seven members were "initiated into the mysteries of Knighthood. The candidates, visiting and local mem bers attended high mass in a body at half past ten o'clock. The initiatory services commenced at one o'clock in the afternoon. The first degree was in charge of the local officers, the second degree being exemplified by Messrs. J. P. Kennedy and P. J. Don kers and their assistants, of Faribault. The third degree was in charge of District Deputy J. F. Whalon, of Min neapolis. Members from all the ad joining towns were in attendance to witness the ceremonies, and in the. evening a sumptuous banquet was served by ladies of the Holy Redeemer church. in'Kozel & Jan da's ball—more than three hundred guests -being pres ent.