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»V [jrSV wa1' sv Published by the NORTHERN PRINTING AND PUBLISHING COMPANY, 422 to 430 First Ave.-No. Minneapolis, Minn. Published Saturday at Merchants and Jobbers Exchange Building-, corner First Avenue North and Fifth Street, Mlnne molls, Minn. ij. W. W. Nicollet 2308. Trl-State Cen. 273. TERMS PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. fo« year 12.00 Six months 1-00 Single copies 05 "U EXPIRATIONS. E% The date which is printed with your name on your paper l£t- or wrapper shows to what time your subscription is paid, it* Thus, Sept. '16, means that your subscription is paid up to V, September, 1916 Aug-. '19, to August. 1919, and so on. CHANGE OF ADDRESS. When a change of address is desired, the subscriber should give both the old address and the new. -V REMITTANCES. Remittances may be made at our risk by either draft, ex press money order, postoffice money order, or registered letter, addressed to THE IRISH STANDARD, Minneapolis, 1 Minn. Money sent in ang. other way is at the risk of the person sending it. CHURCH CALENDAR. Week, Sept. 28 to Oct. 5. Sept. 28—Saturday—St. Wenceslaus, King, of Bohemia. Sept. 29—Sunday—St. Michael. Sept. 30—Monday—St. Jerome. Oct. 1—Tuesday—St. Remigius. Oct. 2—Wednesday—Guardian Angels. Oct. 3—Thursday—St. Ewald. Oct. 4—Friday—St. Francis Assizi. AMERICAN AND BRITISH LABOR FORCES FAVOR IRISH SELF-GOVERNMENT. Samuel Gompers, the veteran president of the American Federation of Labor, speaking at a British Labor Congress at Derby in England a few weeks ago, prompted by the American ideals which, have become a part of his nature In his creditable career for the rights of his fellow men, took a strong position in favor of Home Rule for Ireland. "My sympathy was with Ireland and is now with the heart of real Ireland," he declared. Reminding his hearers of the generous treatment accorded to the Boer Republics after the Boer war and how generously it had been requited he stated that had the same generous treatment been ac corded to Ireland "there is no reasonable doubt that the results would have been equally happy, both for that country and the empire." The utterance of the great American labor leader, which is in full Consonance with the attitude of the labor forces In Great Britain, cannot fail to have great weight in the administrative councils of the empire. With the enlarge ment of the franchise that is now going into effect through out Britain and Ireland the industrial elements are destined to become more influential than ever in the determination of the political and economic policies of the country. The enfranchisement of the women of the country will tend further to increase the power and prestige of labor, more especially since the war conditions have necessitated a vast enrollment of women in the several industries. More than ever before in British history will political victories and the success of parties depend upon the swing of the labor pendulum. To ignore or disregard the duly expressed policies of the great industrial masses will mean disaster to those who make the attempt. It is gratifying, therefore, as well as an augury of suc cess to find the labor forces aligned in favor of Irish self government. Mr. Barnes, one of the labor representatives in the coalition government has already pledged the gov ernment to the speedy introduction and passage of a Home Rule bill. In the case of a failure to do so he has publicly declared that the resignation of the ministry would follow. It is also stated that the chief secretary for Ireland, Hon orable Edward Shortt, has in preparation a plan for Home Rule on the basis of equal justice to all parts of Ireland, which will disregard the preferences given to the four Orange counties of Ulster under former drafts of the meas ure. Lord Chancellor Campbell has also declared himself in favor of a plan of self-government for a united Ireland, without excluding Ulster, but he has hedged this state ment with an expression of a hope of satisfying the Car Bonites. Substantially, however, his repudiation of the scheme of partition remain without retraction. All things considered, therefore, the outlook for the es tablishment of Irish autonomy in the near future seems bright. The delay in the introduction of the measure is at least disappointing, and may prove dangerous if too pro longed. The summary and high-handed treatment of the Sinn Fein leaders who are confined in English prisons.without arraignment or trial on the offenses charged against them will continue to rankle in the breasts of their countrymen BO long as these conditions are maintained. A spirit of distrust and hatred will be engendered that may have dis astrous consequences unless these men are accorded the elementary rights of justice, such as are not even withheld from criminals. The present situation is intolerable and cannot endure much longer without grave danger to the cause of democracy throughout the world. There should be no further delay, therefore, in taking up the Irish question and making a determined effort to reach a satisfactory adjustment of it. MR. BRYAN'S APPEAL FOR THE FOURTH LIBERTY LOAN. September 28 haB been set for the beginning of the 4th Liberty Loan drive, and it is important (1st) that it shall be as largely oversubscribed as former loans (2nd) that It shall be oversubscribed quickly. An immediate oversub scription will do more than anything else could to hasten victory. Delay, on the other hand, or a falling off in sub scriptions, might revive the waning hopes of the enemy. The boys at the front are risking their all—the folks at home can afford to risk their money. The government ieaimot promise that any son loaned to the army or navy trill come home, but every dollar loaned has a guaranteed return, and it not only comes back without a wound but it brings with it a rate of interest higher than the average rate paid by the savings banks of the country. Subscribing for liberty bonds is the easiest form of patriotism there is.—W. J. Bryanv. Baron Burlan, the Austro-Hungarian premier who pro mulgated the late lamented proposal for peace parleys, is not disoomflted by the flat rejection of his note. The optl mistio Austrian reminds one of Dickens' amiable Mr. Boggs, who, on being rejected by the widow to whom he had offered his heart and hand, remarked, "O, its of no ponseqnence, ma'am." .i"J "If I am asked who is the greatest man? I answer the best, and if I am required to say who is the best? I reply, he that has deserved most of his fellow creatures." Such is the definition of a great and good man made by a famous English writer, Sir William Jones. Judged by this standard the late Archbishop of St. Paul, Most Rev. John Ireland, is "well entitled to the honor of being regarded as both a great and a good man. ^His goodness was not only of the head, but also of the heart, and the keynote of his long and fruitful career was his unceasing desire to be of service to his fellow men. The service which he was impelled to render to mankind, however, did not consist in catering to the whims of temporary jfop ular caprice or fads, for these he often flouted and condemned. He was neither deceived nor diverted from his purpose by the ephemeral passions of the moment, but ever concentrated his energies upon those movements and reforms which met the ap proval of his judgment as tending to the substantial and permanent uplift of humanity. This phase of the character of the great prelate as well as the kindness of his manner of teaching is well sum marized in an appreciation of his life work by Vicar General Very Rev. James C. Byrne as follows: "No one saw clearer than he the deficiencies of any human institution, whether a school system, an association or a government. But he preferred to ap preciate the good in them rather than to parade their shortcomings. The Divine Master, it is said, without denouncing the popular ideal of the restoration of Israel's kingdom, made it the starting point of His preaching and gradually purged it from the dross with which it was overlaid. If this saying be true, in the treatment of popular ideals He had not for nineteen centuries a more faithful disciple than the Archbishop of St. Paul." Coming to America with his parents when but fourteen years of age, in 1852, he found the western land in the pioneer stages of its development. Provi dential events seemed to shape the great and glorious work that he was destined to do in its marvelous growth and progress. With Thomas O'Gorman, now Bishop of Sioux Falls, he was sent to France to be educated for the priesthood by Bishop Cretin, the first Bishop of St. Paul. But the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 cast the course of his life work along other lines than those intended for him by Bishop Cretin. Dur ing the same week that he was ordained to the priest hood in December 1861, he was appointed Avar chap lain of the Fifth Minnesota Regiment, and he shared with the soldiers in all the hardships and privations of the battlefield. This period of service doubtless intensified in him that spirit of patriotism which was so marked a characteristic of his whole later career. Next to his devotion to the great Church to which his life was consecrated the service of his country and his fellow man was the most engrossing ob ject in his life. "Next to loyalty to God," he said, "is loyalty to country. The man should not live who does not love and cherish his country." And the sin cerity of these declarations were amply proved by his rousing discourses and writings at the time of the entry of America into the world war. His bold and unequivocal pronouncements were given nation wide and world-wide publication, and contributed in no insignificant degree to the crystallization and so lidification of American sentiment and policies with respect to the great issues involved. Thus in the closing years of his life the old warrior spirit was revived in him and its contagion was rapidly spread among the millions who regarded him as one of the greatest of the American intellectual leaders. Archbishop Ireland may be called the spiritual em pire builder of the Northwest. With others he fore saw and appreciated its va'st potentialities while it was still a raw and undeveloped wild. With voice and pen he urged and encouraged settlers to make WILL THE CARSONITES PROTEST TO HOLLAND? Queen Wilhelmina of Holland, hitherto a Protestant country, has given to Monsignor Nolens, the distinguished Catholic priest and statesman, the mandate to organize a cabinet for the Dutch kingdom. Dr. Nolens in 1905 was professor of sociology in the University of Amsterdam, but he has been a member of the National Chamber since 1896, and the leader of the Catholic party, which has a representation of thirty members in the Chamber. He has decided not to accept the office of premier in the new ad ministration, but he will have a potent voice in,moulding the national policies as the greatest of the parliamentary leaders. Thus the country, which was the original seat of the cult of Orangeism, has deliberately placed its destinies under the control of a Catholic prelate, with no fear of oppression or coercion in religious matter from the party he represents, while in Ireland the Orange covenant ers of a few counties in Ulster, under the benign tutelage of Sir Edward Carson, have organized sworn resistance to Home Rule under the alleged apprehension of their reli gious freedom under a government in which Catholics are in the majority. The people of Holland do not seem to be obsessed by any such real or pretended fear of the loss of religious freedom. They have progressed infinitely further along the lines of democratic progress than the hide-bound and purblind Carsonites. They have adopted the policy of recognizing ability, efficiency and genuine merit among their statesmen, and bestowing the rewards of leadership accordingly, regardless of religious affiliations. Not so, however, with the hedged-in enclave of the Carson clan in Ireland, to whom anything sounding like Catholicism is ipso facto, hateful and repugnant. A few months ago this anachronistic and retrogressive organization had the audacity to present to the democratic government at Washington a protest against the establish ment of democratic principles of government in Ireland, though the very soul of our participation in the world war is the extension of these principles throughout the civilized world, so that all mankind may be emancipated from the thralldom of hateful alien domination. But this ideal is too large and too high for the comprehension of tbe Car sonites, as it is for the Germans. Neither of them are ca pable of grasping the fundamentals of government of and by the people. Of the two the Germans are the less repre hensible for this obsession, for never In their history have they had any experience of popular government while the Carsonites in Ireland have simply chosen not to see, th»n whom there are none so blind. A protest from the Orange party to Queen Wilhelmina is now In order. THE IRISH STANDARD A KING HAS FALLEN IN ISRAEL their homes in this fertile and promising district. He studied its needs and shortcomings and labored assiduously to minimize them. He familiarized him self with all the details of agricultural life and gave the benefit of his studies to the struggling pioneer settlers who had followed his counsel and were en gaged in the task of subduing the soil to human sub sistence. He advised them regarding their crops, their cattle, their 'buildings, their farm implements, poultry and fertilization of the land. He put himself as it were in their places so as more adequately to comprehend their problems and the obstacles that they must overcome to insure success. He visited them in their churches and their *homes and ren dered assistance to them in every way that he pos sibly could. He made provision for ^ieir spiritual welfare and the proper education of their children by the establishment of numerous churches, schools and seminaries. He was truly a father to them in his manifold ministrations to their spiritual as well as material needs. It is not strange, therefore, that the kindly and far seeing prelate should be so universally beloved by his flock, and that in his passing they sense the loss of a powerful and generous benefactor and teacher, for such in truth he was to the thousands of families who builded pioneer homes in the virgin territory of the Northwest.'' These labors he doubtless re garded as the most enduring monuments of his noble career. As a churchman, statesman and orator, Archbishop Ireland was a world figure. His culture and counsel were potent in shaping public affairs in Europe as well as in America. One of the phrases which has often been quoted as characteristic of his particular endeavor in life is: "The watchwords of the age are reason, education, liberty and amelioration of the masses." His oratory was direct, simple and magnetic. His language was such that it could not fail of being un derstood by people of ordinary education and intel ligence. His style was not ornate or rhetorical, and the effect of his sermons and discourses was almost exclusively made to depend on the matter rather than the manner of its presentation. But there was al ways the ring of truth and sincerity in his speech that wonderfully impressed his auditors. He did not hesitate to take a stand on great public questions, whether political, social or economic, especially if he deemed it his duty to do so in the interests of his church or country. Some of these pronouncements led to estrangements and enmities for him in the course of the long period of his ac tivities. He was the uncompromising foe of the Socialistic tenets which he regarded as destructive to American institutions. In many addresses and articles he took occasion to analyze the obsessions of the Marxian cult and expose their fallacies and phantasies.. He was an untiring advocate of the temperance cause, and his influence in bringing about the suppression of the liquor traffic has been exceedingly powerful. In the McKinley-Bryan cam paign of 1896 he openly declared in favor of the Republican candidate and there is but little doubt that his attitude helped materially to achieve the Republican victory of that year. That a man of such strong convictions and de termination of temperament should remain without enmities and enemies would of course be almost miraculous. It is even said that jthe many battles fought by the lion-hearted prelate may have been the cause of his failure of elevation to the cardinalate. But he was himself of a forgiving nature. No re sentment was harbored after the fight whether he won or lost. And now when his soul has left its earthly dwelling to receive the eternal award for faithfulness in the trust committed to it by Divine Providence, all the enmities of the past are cast into oblivion and all take pleasure in honoring his memory and perpetuating the precious heritage of his virtues. RUSSIAN MARXIANISM EVOLVES INTO ANARCHY. The Bolsheviki beggars on horseback in Russia are driv ing hellward with daily accelerated pace. The horrors of the Commune of the French Revolution are being repeated in Petrograd, perhaps even ,on a larger scale than con ducted under the direction of the bloody hands of Robe spierre, Danton, and the other French fanatics of 1793. The Muscovite proletariat is in the saddle for the time being and have been thrown into a frenzy of blood-lust by their newly acquired power, just as the-French Commune did in the last decade of the 18th century, after the proclamation of the Republic and the execution of Louis XVI. Parallel ing the course of the French, the Russians, too, have exe cuted their emperor, though he had voluntarily relinquished his authority as ruler. The mob in France continued to exercise its whimsical and bloody sway until the "strong man," Napoleon, ap peared on the scene. Against his military genius and trained intelligence the proletariat leaders were powerless. Soon they were reduced to impotence. France bowed in sub mission to its new master, and the republic was at an end. Is the Russian Socialistic debacle to be allowed to run its sanguinary course to the end without interference at the hands of the allied and neutral powers? Refugees are pouring out of the ill-fated country in thousands to escape the brutality and anarchy of the Marxian Soviets. These tell appalling stories of the things that are happening be hind the scenes in the Russian capital. The leading mem bers of the bourgeoise are being condemned and executed without even the pretense of investigation or trial, under the general charge of being "dangerous to the Soviets." Firing squads are engaged day and night in the extermina tion of the best and most intelligent citizens of the coun try. A bloodthirsty fiend named Peters is enacting the role of Barere of the French revolution. He signs death warrants in batches without reading them as they are dumped upon his desk. To be accused by a member of the proletariat is to be condemned by the representative of the Soviet, and execution follows before Bunrise. The British and French consuls are under arrest and the Amer ican consul has been permitted to leave the country by grace of the Bolsheviki. Truly, It is the hey-dey of the Socialistic regime in the Muscovite realm. The situation, of course, constitutes an added embarrass ment to the policies of -the Allies. Russia has been hitherto regarded as a power that might eventually redeem to their support In the great war, but the internal conditions seem now to overshadow all other considerations in dealing with the problem. Thie conservative elements of the population must not be abandoned to the terrors of the Marxian com mune. The Soviets are lighting desperately against their -J. •¥& Saturday, «. September 28, 1918 overthrow, regardless of methods or consequences. But their doom is sealed. Civilization and democracy have de creed their extinction, as they have decreed the end of Hohenzollern autocracy, the other extreme of the swing of the pendulum of irresponsible government. The Allied military expedition into Siberia and northern Russia were not begun a day too soon. ARE WE TO HAVE INTERNATIONAL BI METALLISM? Are we to have an international monetary system based on bi-metallism as one of the results of the world war? This question is coming to be discussed earnestly among statesmen and financiers who are looking ahead to avoid the dangers that are incident to the enurmous burden of debt that the war expenditures and losses have placed upon all the leading nations of the world. It is not unlikely that both the victors and the vanquished powers may find it expedient to adopt some plan of this kind to preserve the financial and commercial mechanism of the world's busU ness. The Chicago Herald, in a recent issue, presents a few features of the situation, as follows: "Beyond the nearby questions of a loan to China, of the creation of a formidable discount institution, of a corpora tion to finance public utilities companies, is the world-wide problem of establishing an international monetary system, or it least a plan to which the allies and neutral countries may subscribe. "The treasuries of the United States and of Great Britain have had this matter under advisement for some time. Mr. McAdoo has conferred with American and British bankers from time to time. "Once the fourth loan is out of the way and the nearer questions mentioned above disposed of, the secretary is likely to address himself in a practical way to the biggest problem. "If the proposition is worked out along the line in con sideration, gold and silver will be put into a ratio of coin age, together forming the basis upon which the paper money of the United States and of, the allied and neutral countries would be issued. Bimetallism, in other words, would be restored in the money standard of the nations. "The scarcity of gold, which forms the basis of currency coinage in the United States and Great Britain, is advanced as an impelling argument for establishing a bimonetary system. "Mr. Lloyd George and Mr. Balfour believe that bimetal lism must be established to maintain the equilibrium of international finance, although both frankly acknowledge that America with her gold store has less need of the plan than other countries. "The British statesmen are urging the immediate con sideration by this country, Great Britain, France—the al lies—and the neutral nations of an international bimone tary system to be in being indefinitely." CHURCH SLACKERS. Won't somebody outline a course of sermons on Hon esty? I think if gfich a course were delivered every year, it would be unnecessary to ask people to rent pews. They would see the application of the lesson themselves. They would stream up to pay their quarterly dues and come back with a look on their faces such of old Gov. Rusk of Wisconsin had when he uttered those immortal words: "I seen my. duty and I done it!"—The Catholic Citizen. JOYCE KILMER. Yet the human pity of it all! He was author and scholar and gentleman friend of men and lover of little children he was husband and father, loving and loved boyish ad mirer of beauty, wondered at the world comrade of the good fair young follower of a Christ forever fair and young poet—sweet singer of sunrise songs and of his own free will he arose and stepped forth from it all, casting it from him as a garment fitting, indeed, for the day of the world but unfit for its terrible night, and returned boldly to the blackness and entered in with all his light—yet the human pity of it all! May. the poet eyes have opened upon a beauty which eye hath not seen, of which ear hath not heard, neither hath it entered into the heart of man to conceive may the hero have awakened unto God's good explanation in the peace of the eternal years—Sister M. Fides Shepperson in Pitts burgh Catholic, If the Irish Lord Chancellor, Sir James Campbell, has been converted to the necessity of Home Rule for Ireland, as was fairly inferred from his recent speech in Dublin, he is but following in the footsteps of many other men who have been participants in the Irish administration. Among the most notable of these who have, as it were against their wills, been forced into the same position the Irish papers mention, Lord Carnarvon, Sir Robert Hamil ton, Sir Redvers Buller, Lord MacDonell, Sir James Dough erty, Mr. G. Wyndham, Lord Dudley and Sir H. B. Duke. ARCHBISHOP IRELAND'S FAITH. "God remains, and Christ remains. Since the days of Hennepin much has been done to uproot the worship of Christ, to convince man that God did not incarnate Him self in the Savior of Galilee, that he who for long centuries had been adorned as the Son of God was only the son of man—man and nothing else. Has Christ receded before the foes of His divinity? Most assuredly not. God, as Crea tor, has indelibly impressed Himself upon nature, and nothing can obliterate his footsteps, and so the Incarnate God, Christ, has indelibly impressed Himself upon the pages of human history, and as long as history speaks Christ is revealed."—From address at laying of corner stone of Pro-Cathedral, Minneapolis. THE I. W. W. CONVICTIONS. The conviction of one hundred leaders of the Industrial Workers of the World at Chicago practically cinches an important plan of the Federal government for the be havior of American citizens during the progress of the war. The I. W. W. sought to create railroad congestion by the missending of freight, the wrecking of sawmills by driving spikes in timbers, the destruction of fruit orch ards by placing copper tacks in the trees and the spoilage of grain by stacking shocks upside down. The I. W. W. flew tbe red flag of lawlessness and its plan was to war on industries until the employers threw up their hands in despair. These plans of sabotage, which aimed at the slowing down of production and wanton spoilage of ma terial, and the creating of strikes, was all very carefully planned by men who worked so close to the line of legal methods that their conviction was most difficult. The Government has its War Trade Board, its War Finance Board, War Labor Board, and other agencies in tended to straighten out every detail of difference between employers, and agencies like the I. W. W. stand in direct contradiction to its methods. It is not to be assumed that the Government has achieved a perfect system, but Its progress has been satisfactory, and it is a pleasant thought that we are about done with such anarchist institutions as the I. W. W.—Butte Independent mm JA a'.