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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, February 01, 1919, Image 2

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A.t an informal gathering of dioce
san priests a few weeks ago, the as
tounding statement was made by one
in authority, that the chancery of the
diocese (of Buffalo) had granted one
thousand dispensations for mixed
marriages in the short space of about
four months! This ratio in a Catho
lic population of about three hundred
thousand surely deserves attention.
Optimistic though we may be, there
is no disguising the fact that mixed
marriages are fatal to the Catholic
party. Especially if that party hap
pens to be the man. If memory serves
us right, the Holy See some years ago
caused a census of the results in these
marriages to be taken. The percent
good and satisfactory ones did
not total more than three or four in
a hundred!
lAny priest with only moderate ex
perience in the pastoral field can tell
tales of woe and heart-breaking vhich
come to him unsought. City and
country are filled with thousands of
men and women who "were," Catho
olics. The children often grow up
without any faith, owing to the dis
crepancy of their parents' religious
convictions. At best the luke-warni
ness, characteristic of modern, Ameri
can faith infects them and they drift
away from Mother Church to indiffer
entism. The agreement, signed by
non-Catholic party is a "scrap of pa
per" to many. Their word of honor is
relegated to oblivion, once the desired
end is attained by matrimony. It is
a universal experience that also con
verts, who turn to us in order to satis
fy the religious scruples of their fu
ture consorts, do not stick, but drift
back into their old ways, after the
wedding-march has ended.
What, then, might be suggested as
a remedy of this condition, so harm
ful to*the Church? A number of Bish
ops have\ taken the drastic step to
prohibit all such marriages and thus
nip the evil in the bud. Pome, too,
has recognized the seriousness of the
situation and will require, as soon as
proper postal conditions are again es
tablished, that all petitions for this
kind of marital union be sent to the
center of Christianity. The ordina
ries are to have no more discretion in
the matter, except in cases of ex
treme necessity. They will then be
authorized to grant the permission a$t
er the petition has been dispatched to
This is a olear indication that we
Advises Self-Restraint and Patriotism
of All Interested in Ireland's Wel
fare—Probable Forecast of Eng
lands Attitude in the Premises—
May Seek to Give Impression of Con
nection of Sinn Fein with Bolshe
By John G. Coyle, M. D.
On January 20, 1919, the Parliament
representing the great majority of the
people of Ireland, met in Dublin and
proclaimed Ireland free. The act is
The members chosen to seats in~the
British Parliament—the Parliament of
the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland—who were elected as can
didates of the Sinn Fein Party in Ire
land, informed" their constituents and
the world-that, if elected, they would
not take seats in the British Parlia
ment. They would not even qualify
for the posts by any adherence to or
dinary forms. They would abstain
from any participation in the govern
ment of Great' Britain and Ireland
through any British Parliament. Their
attitude was and is that Great Britain
has no sovereign rights over Ireland,
that the so-called "Union" was ob
tained by force and fraud, that all
•British dominion over Ireland was by
force and against the will of the peo
ple of Ireland and that they stood be
fore the voters of Ireland with those
•lews and those intentions.
The people of Ireland elected 73
such candidates, whose views were
proclaimed in advance to all Ireland,
to all Britain, and to theVorld. The
seven or more Nationalists from Ire
land must adopt the policy of the out
spoken majority of the Irish people.
It Is their patriotic duty so to do.
Ireland, then, has proclaimed to the
world that it desires no further con
nection with Great Britain. It has
its representatives. These
persons have proclaimed Ire
Ireland' demands, at the

have been remiss in checking the
spread of this spiritual "Flu" and
that more effort must be madei to per
suade the contracting parties to re
consider their intention of entering
such a dangerous alliance. That will
be the most efficient means, it seems
to us, of checking the tide. Surround
ed aa we are "by non-Catholics, mixed
marriages are inevitable. To refuse
to solemnize any and all, means the
total serverance of religious ties, great
offense- and bitter resentment. The
medicine, therefore, should be chiefly
preventive a closer association
amongst our young Catholic people,
a timely warning from pastor and par
ents upon the inceptions of acquain
tance with those of other faith. In
this way, the. percentage of mixed mar
riages could be lowered considerably.
We owe it to ourselves to put our
hand to the plow and labor in this
direction.—Sacerdos, in The Echo.
Papal Delegate at Warsaw Asks Pro
tection—Says Bolsheviki Mob
Threatens Lives of Priests.
The papal delegate at Warsaw,
Msgr. Ratts, has made representa
tions to Rome regarding the situa
tion at Vilna and vicinity, asking the
intervention of the allies and protec
tion against-the Bolsheviki in Lithu
ania, where there are Polish Roman
Bishop Layinski of the Diocese of
Minsk, who is staying at Vilna, re
ports all the priests at their posts
there, every one expecting to be as
sassinated as soon as the Bolsheviki
arrive, which they report to be Bol
sheviki custom. Alluding to the Bol
shevik advance., the bishop stated:
"It will mean the destruction of all
social and economic life and culture
and great sacrifices for the church."
Bishop Alerding of Fort Wayne,
Ind., recently named a Catholic Press
Sunday in his diocese. He is the
fourth Bishop to have done this with
in a year. The others being Bishop
Tihen of Denver, Bishop Glass of Salt
Lake, and Bishop Chartrand of In
hands of the victorious United States
and the Allies, the application of the
principle of self-determination to Irel
land. The demand is justified. It is
historic. It comes from the over
whelming mass of the Irish people.
Few believe that Great Britain will
surrender control of Ireland, except as
a very last resort. As the action of
the Sinn Fein leaders thus far has
been dictated by logic, patriotism and
commendable restraint since their
great endorsement at the hands of the
Irish people, what we now await is
the attitude or device of Great Bri
tain in opposition to -the desired inde
pendence of Ireland.
What is England going to do?
We get a hint in the seizure a few
days before January 2(J» of "docu
ments" in the Sinn Fein headquarters,
which were raided by the authorities.
Now, of course, none of us here be
lieves that any documents were there,
other than those of the most ordinary
kind, which could be shown to. the
world, or may have been shown to the
world. But English rulers now have
something which they call "docu
A fetf weeks before that a dispatch
was printed in the New York World
telling that thousands of men had
been imported into Ireland since the
beginning of the war and had been
maintained there, and were preaching
unrest, industrial agitation and the
like, and that these men were sup
ported by outside funds.
From these two significant items we
can surmise some of Britain's plans.
The one thing we are now taught
to fear is Bolshevism. Our troops- are
fighting Bolshevists in Russia. Ger
man Bolshevists have been in
and rebellions. The world feels the
menace of Bolshevism. It is said that
certain periodicals in New York have
received large sums of money from
Russian Bolshevists. Again and again
America is to\d of the dangers and
disturbances of Bolshevism.
Probably when the critical nonent
comes Britain will prod'
"documents" which will _. .i
Bhow that Russian Bolshevik! have
been backing Sinn Fein, and that the
entire movement is Bolshevist, in
spirit and finance. If by provocation
there can be caused local riots, "out
breaks" and speeches of Bolsheviki,
and it can be made to appear as if
Bolshevism were with or underlying
Sinn Fein, and made to appear by riot
ings and bloodshed, just at the time
when Ireland's case might be about
to come before the conferees at the
Versailles conference, much sympathy
could be alienated from Sinn Fein and
an appealing Ireland. The confeeres
might be induced to regard Ireland's
relations to Great Britain as a purely
"domestic" matter.
Let every man, woman and child
interested'in the welfare of Ireland,
hope and pray that the sanity, the wis
dom and the patriotic ideals which
have thus far distinguished the Sinn
Fein program in these wonderful days
may be continued, preserved and in
creased to the end that the independ
ence of Ireland may be one of the
triumphs of the idealism that has been
so nobly expressed by President Wil
son and so often assented to during
the dark days of the war by the na
tions which turned to America to
save them from the German victory.
8ingle American Soldier Remains in
Hands of Germans.
Berlin, Jan. 24.—Of the American
soldiers taken prisoner by the Ger
mans, only 6ne now remains in Ger
many, the Associated Press corres
pondent has learned. This prisoner
is at Stuttgart, too ill to be removed.
Polish Regime Headed by Pianist
Finds Favor, Is Report.
Paris, Jan. 24.—Recognition of the
new government of Poland, headed by
Ignace Jan Paderewski, is expected
here. Action 'to this end, it is be
lieved, will be taken shortly.
Death of Sister Mary Peter Connor,
O. S. D.
Sister Mary Peter Connor of the Or
der of Saint Dominic died at Saint
Clara Convent, Sinsinawa, Wisconsin,
January 26 of pneumonia after a few
days' illness.
Sister Mary Peter during her forty
years of religious life had rendere'd
marked service to the Congregation
of which she was a member. Twenty^
four years ago she was called from the
mission in Blomington, Illinois, where
she was Prioress, to assume the re
sponsibility of Bursar General of the
Congregation, an office .which she
filled until her death. Her insight and
clear grasp of business affairs and
sound sense united with a courteous
devotion to all around her fitted her
for this position. She held the esteem
and confidence of men with whom she
interest in every good cause.
Sister Mary Peter's life was stead
fast to duty and her days were filled
with good works. Her tenderness of
heart, charity and directness won.
friends. Kind and gentle always, but
firm^as a rock in point of principle,
her sympathy and practical advice was
often sought and honestly given. Many
alumnae and old students of Saint
Clara College and Academy will feel
personal regret in the death of Sister
Mary Peter. Her Sisters in religion
have lost a valuable member, deeply
revered and lovedva shining example
of the religious lifer
Song Recital by Mr. George O'Connell.
The faculty and students of Saint
Clara College were favored on the eve
ning, of January the twenty-fourth by
the appearance of Mr. George O'Con
nell in a song recital. The noted tenor
gave a program qf variety and inter
est. The opening songs by Secchi,
Tosti, Grieg and Puccini were sung
with admirable taste. Assisted by his
able accompanist, Miss Zelietner, Du
buque, Mr. O'Connell interpreted the
next group Old Irish Songs with sym
pathetic charm and hiimorous under
standing. Opening the third group wa§
a collection of Mexican Love Songs, by
•Ponce, and de Tysde, which further
showed Mr. O'Conn ell's versatility, and
ease of diction in a foreign tongue, as
well as in the dialect songs. Two of
these dialect songs, Scotch and Negro,
lent an interesting variety to the last'
group of English numbers. Among
these the Crying of Water, by Tiptop,
and My Pal (this charming poem was
written by Mr. O'Connell) were ex
quisitely sung. The last number, Fos
ter's The Americans Come, was inter
preted by the singer with such an
inimitable blending of the pathetic and
the dramatic that it proved quite the
climax of the evening's program.
Illinois Has Prize Cat.
The finest feline in the world lives
at Springfield, 111. It is a Persian cat
named "Silver Cloud" and owned by
H. E. Jeffrey. The cat carried away
all honors at a recent exhibit in C1ev»
Angry Debate in Senate Over Ac
cusations Made.
Borah Charges 1100,000,000 Famine
Bill Was Plotted for Bene
fit of Packers.
Washington, Jan. 24.—The senate
engaged in a spirited debate on the
$100,000,000 famine fund bill/'Charges
of plotting to protect American pack
ing interests were made against Her
bert C. Hoover.
Laying before the senate Mr. Hoo
ver's denial of Improper collaboration
with the packers, Senator G. M. Hitch
cock, Nebraska, summed up the case
in Hoover's behalf thus:
Hoover, at President Wilson's direc
tion, did get packers and live stock
producers together to stimulate hog
He did make arrangements with the
Allied governments to take packers'
Over the objections- of Allied gov
ernments, notably Great Britain, Hoo
ver had stuck and is sticking by his
word to American hog raisers and
packers, which was that, if they would
stimulate production, there would be a
European market for the product.
Replying to Senator W. E. JJorah's
charge that packers were enabled to
make inordinate profits because of the
system Mr. Hoover built up as food
administrator, Senator Hitchcock de
clared the profits would have been
much greater had not Hoover been in
Animal Recognizes Former Owner Met
on French Road.
Roy Dooley, young farmer living
near Hunnowell, Mo., sold off his farm
horses and enlisted in the United
States army nearly»t\vo years ago. Ac
cording to word received here, while
serving in France, Dooley saw a
French soldier leading a familiar horse
down the road. He stopped the soldier
and was told it was an American
horse bought for the French cavalry.
Dooley said the horse recognized him
as its former owner at once.
United States Guard Discharged.
The United States guard, made up
of Spanish War veterans and regulars
too old for duty in France, which has
guarded all bridges at Leavenworth,
Kan."," for more than a year, has been
discharged from the service. The men'
are dressed in the old-time regular
army uniform. Many of them who
had not yet completed thirty years of
service transferred to the Twenti
eth infantry at Camp Fnnston. Kan.
He Avoids No. 1323.
Rather than use automobile number
plate 1323, an applicant for an automo
bile license expressed his willingness
to the secretary of state to pay for
another set of numbers. The numbers
were exchanged, howevei" for a set
more to his liking.
Finds Pearl in Oyster.
Former Congressman Frank Plumley
of Northfield, Vt.. was eating -dinner
at a local hotel when his teeth struck
a pearl in a spoonful of creamed oys
T« tn always money ahead
vrfeca you deal with the
Clover Leaf Creamery Co.
«IMfc Am. ftob
Minneapolis, Mfnn.
T. «. North 784 N. W. HylanS IMt
Merchants & Manufacturers
State Bank
Capital I1M.SM.M
Ssrplss II.OM.N
S4C* Twentieth Avenue North
207 La Salle Bldg., 2nd Ave. & 7th St S.
Telephone: Nicollet 1304
BtockvaQ Beta"
St, Joseph Parish
N. W. HrlaaS 4S«
T.-S. Mtfti
Albert Beyer
Dealer la
Vm Vm—W«
Incidents From The Struggles of The
Church Against Absolutism.
Data From The Writings Of Cardinal
Recently writers in the "Atlantic
Monthly," the "New Republic" and
the "Open Court," in articles re
ferring partly to the need of a sort
of reconstruction on the part of the
churches, and partly to "Religion
and Democracy" (Open Court), have
preferred the charge againstN the
churches (including the Catholic
Church) that they have been remiss
in their duty as protectors of reli
gious authority against the doming
tion of political authority, and in their
obligations towards the people as
against the encroachments of. secular
power and secular thought.
We have previously pointed out that
the Catholic Church did not silently
and passively submit to the overbear
ing policies of Absolutism as against
the rights of religion and the rights of
the people. The* Russian Anarchist
Prince fcropotkin was quoted to show
in what manner and to what degree
Bishops of the Church championed,
when they were not bound hand and
foot, the cause of the liberties of the
Church and of the people. Cardinal
Manning also supplies arguments and
data on this same subject. He also
discusses in his able manner and
style the long struggle between
"Caesarism and Ultramontanism," and
between Caesarism, or Absolutism,
and the pebple'.s rights. In his "Mis
cellanies" we find various references
to this subject, which it might be well
for some of the critics of the Church
to peruse.
The discussion of principles in
"Caesarism and Ultramontanism" is
both interesting and valuable. For the
present, however, a reference to
Manning's essay on "The Pope and
Magna Charta" may suffice. In this
essay Manning defends the position of
the Pope regarding this document, and,
in doing so, prefaces his remarks by
some illustrations from history, show
ing the generous support given by
the Church to the cause,of the peo
ple. In this connection he quotes
from Stubb's Documents (p. 33.) Ox
ford 1874: "From the beginning of the
thirteenth century the struggle (in
England) is between th% Barons, cler
gy, and people on one side', and the
King and his personal partisans, Eng
lish and foreign, on the other. The
Barons and prelates who drew up the
charter were the sons of the minis
terial nobles of Henry II., the imita
tors of S. Anselm and S. Hugh, of
Henry of Winchester and Thomas of
Canterbury." And again, quoting .from
tubbs (ibid. p. 32,) he says: "No di
vision of the clergy ever sympathized
with the feudal party," i. e., against
the interests of the people.
The Cardinal, to illustrate the atti
tude of the representatives" of the
Church towards the people, goes back
to the days before the Magna Charta,
The Irian Standard Preferred Parish Trading List
i. ERCHANTS. Whose announcements are Herein, »re Leaders in their Line of Bui
new in Their Respective Parhdwi. They are Anxious fear Your Trade, and Solicit Your Pstrenitft
Through Your Own Paper. Patronize Them, They are Worthy of it. By So Doing You Asstat
This Paper.
of Incarnation
Dealers in
Cream, Butter
T.-a urn
Furniture antf Stoves
Carpets, General Household
239-245 Cedar Avenue
Funeral Director
1S29 Hsnneptn A
4M Centsr 2tt8
1414-10 Laurel Av
Saturday, February lf 1919
The People's Champion I
The Model Dairy Co. Fidility State Bank
Choice Whipping Cream
2932-2934 Stevens Ave.
N. W. NieoUst 1M7
Blomgren Bros.
and points out that the coronation
oath of the rulers, which was pledged
to a representative of the Church, con
tained guarantees of popular rights
and the rights of the Church. "The
laws and liberties of England, we read,
(Miscellanies, p. 190), "were guaran
teed by the coronation oaths of every
sovereign. Saxon and Dane alike
swore to preserve them. William the
Conqueror and his successors, in like
manner, bound themselves by their
coronation oath to respect them."
The fact that the Kings did not
live up to their oath provoked oppo
sition by the Church and the people.
"The conflict, Manning continues, "be
tween traditional liberties and royal
customs, which began before the Con
quest, became sharper and less toler
able after the Conquest. The rule of
our foreign Kings was especially des
potic, and under them the conflict be
tween legal rights and royal usages
brought on the conflict of S. Anselm
with Henry I,, and the martyrdom of
S. Thomas of Canterbury under Henry
II." And lest it be thought that the
liberties for which these churchmen
fought against despotic rulers were
purely secular or purely ecclesiatical,
we append Card. Manning's classifica
tion of them. "These laws and liber-
ties," he writes, "may be divided and
classed under two heads: first the lib
erties of the Church, in its tribunals,
goods, appeals, and elections and sec
ondly, the liberties of the people in
respect to inheritance taxation, mili
tary service and the like."
These facts serve well to show
the position of the Church towards un
due encroachments of the political
authority upon the domain of her
rights and those of the people. If
today she is less able to effectively
resent such encroachments, it is sure
ly not the province of those who have
consistently striven to weaken her
influence, to accuse her of not oppos
ing with sufficient strength the "con
centration of power" in the hands of
certain men and classes, and the sub
ordination of religious to political au
thority. Fairness should prompt these
critics, if they are well intentioned,
rather to take the other side of the
—C. B. of the C. V.
Now Thoroughly Enjoys Good Briar
Pipe Bought From English Firm.
Marshal Focli has acquired the Eng
lish habit of smoking. The French do
not smoke pipes. Day by day Marshal
Foch saw Field Marshal Haig and oth
er British generals In the vortex of
the war calmly doing their work be
hind good, big-bowled hriar pipes.
Foch asked Haig what it was like to
smoke a pipe. He bought one. He filled
it under careful British military in
struction. He began the attempt with
energy and purposeful determination,
but at first smoked more matches than
tobacco. Now, however, he has mas
tered it and thoroughly enjoys good
briar which he has bought from an
English firm.
St Clematis Parish
2417 Central Avenue
"Your Neighborhood Bank"
Insuraneeln All Its Brandies
Open Saturdays and Soo Pay Days
6 to 8 P. M.
Catholic Fund
For Soldiers
Supported by a fund of more than
$1,000,000, just pledged for the' pur
pose, a cprps of trained nurses, vo
cational specialists, and other ex
perts, enlisted with the National Cath
olic War Council, harve laid plans to
assist the Government and Allied
agencies in the aftercare of disabled
soldiers and sailors and menvwho are
laying aside their uniforms to find
work in civil life.
In announcing the pledging of the
fund the Catholic War Council isued
a statement that Catholic committees
everywhere in the country had been
enlisted to assist in the work. Hun
dreds of trained nurses and the facili
ties of every Catholic hospital will be
employed to carry out the aims of the*
A $250,000 fund will be devoted to
an employment campaign. Other funds
will be used in reconstruction work
among maimed veterans.

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