Newspaper Page Text
1 The following letter, printed in The Chronicle, of Augusta, Ga., is self-ex planatory and needs no comment: "Brooklyn, N. Y., Jan. 10,1919. ""Editor Chronicle: "I came across an old copy of your paper on board ship and noted an arti cle protesting against contributing funds to tlie combined war service fund, uttered by the Baptist congrega tion, for tlie reason that the Knights of Columbus were sharers in the fund. "That is the church on the corner of Eighth Street, where the kindly old gentleman used to stand inviting us soldiers in to have refreshments. That old gentleman cannot be of such dis position. It was so unlike him. "Now I am not eligible to belong to the Knights of Columbus, nor have I any desire to, but if the people of America knew what the soldiers in Prance know they would want the Knights of Columbus to administer the whole United War Fund and keep out all other organizations, which only get on the soldiers' nerves. Hold on, just a minuteall except the Salvation Army, the poor, neglected 'Sals'. You can bet the soldifers will never let the tambourine pass without dropping a dime into it. "The Knights and the 'Sal' Army were on the job every minute, though not quite as thick as some others. They treated the soldiers decently, not as if they were inferior creatures hired to do a nasty job. They tended to the business at hand and didn't go snoop ing around to the military police with suspicions that there was evil in this or that that the soldiers should be kept away from. "The Knights of Columbus didn't go around shaking handB and warning the fellows that hell waB wide open for him and if he didn't repent he would Bishop McNichoias, of Duluth, had hardly entered upon his new work when he sent to the American For eign Mission Seminary at Maryknoll, a generous gift to start a Diocese of Duluth Burse. We quote from The Field Afar these apostolic words: "We are short of priests here, and we are short of funds to prepare young men for the priesthood, but I am en tirely convinced that when there is a shortage we must not hoard the seed but Jgl&nt it. It is simply Cath olic to have an interest in the great foreign pagan mission field, where op portunities for the Kingdom of Christ are today perhaps the greatest in the history of the Church. By giving to a cause more in need than our own we will win from the Lord, in His own good time, the material means and the vocations necessary for the diocese. It may take ten years to complete the burse, but 'even If it should, with God's help I shall keep up my interest until the work is com pleted. Count on me to help you in any way that I can. I shall he very happy when the diocese of Duluth has itB first priest ordained for your great mission field of China. JOHN T. McNICHOLAS, O. P. Bishop of Duluth." What follows is taken from a letter recently received by the Rt. Rev. Pat rick J. Hayes, chaplain-bishop, from Rev. George Caruana, chaplain at the Canal Zone: "I am Just going to give you a small Incident which happened at the Mid night Mass on Christmas Day. The altar was erected on the parade ground against the Post school building, which is surrounded by palm trees. A line of electric lights was stretched around these trees and they illuminated the open Bpace to a good distance. The regimental band took its position on the Gospel side and the choir on the other. The soldiers formed a semi* circle from one extremity to the other, and we had the officers and their la dies between the altar and the men. There Is a little hill on one side of the ground and this was occupied by the Catholic colored population of the neighborhood, and they turned out strong. The Chinese Catholic family got in between the lines of soldiers and a look of surprise came over every fftce as the whole Chinese family ad vanced towards the altar leading the other communicants. They had such a devout look on their faces that one could not help feeling warmed up to the treasurers of our Faith. I was so glad that there were many Ameri can soldiers present for it taught them that the Chinese made as good Cath olics as anyone in the world. It was a lesson in the Propagation of the Faith, and maybe It will produce re suits in the near future which will rejoice the hearts of Mgr. Dunn and ^Father Walsh. Their piety and de votlon formed quite a contrast to the blank and formal one of the poor Porto fef^Mcans, most of whom had not been to Mass since last Christmas. The old and new Catholics are very dlffer from each other when exemplified BISHOP OF DULUTH TOST ART IBURSE likely be in torment inside hours. "The Knights of Columbus saw to it that the boys had smokes and choco late as long as they lasted and tlu fellows who had just one pay day since going over were not denied be cause they were broke. "The Knights of Columbus were man's men, every one of them, good, wholesome, likeable fellows. I hope some day to again visit Augusta. Thousands of the Pennsylvania boys will never come back. I got nicked in Argonne Forest October 2nd, ma chine gun bullets in right shoulder and arm. Learning to write left-handed. "Give my best to Big Leo at 'Home Folks'. Yours truly, "(SERGT.) SAMUEL J. TITUS. Co. B. 109th Inf." KNIGHTS OVERSEAS NEED ATHLETIC SUPPLIES. General Pershing's announcement that the A. E. F. would conduct Olym pic Games in Paris In May or June an.' that he had invited commanders of all tlie Allied armies to send contestants to compete with* American soldier athletes appears to have stimulated in terest in sports amongst the soldiers. Although the Knights of Columbus have shipped immense quantities of athletic outfits, the supply of certain articles appears to be running short, and Knights of Columbus headquart ers here this week received oy cable an urgent call for medicine, "basket volley and soccer balls, also punching bags and indoor baseball equipment. All this will go forward in mediately. Knights of Columbus secretaries overseas are equipping gymnasiums for the benefit of soldiers intending to compete in the Olympic Games. by these two races. So I say again that there 1b a great hope for the triumph of our Faith in China." The thousands of Catholics in this country and abroad who have read in The Field Afar during the past year the travels of the Maryknoll Superior, will welcome the promised appearance of these letters in book form. They will be entitled, Observations In the Orient, and are expected from the press about Easter. Fr. Spenner, S. M., of Yokohoma,, is deeply interested In the story of early Christianity in Japan. He is accumu lating notes that will prove most valu able, and deserves more of a backing than he can possibly get in Japan it self. Lately, while in Sendai for a short rest, Fr. Spenner was conducted by Bishop Berlioz to the tomb of a distinguished Japanese named Hase kura Rokuemon, who served as am bassador to the Pope In 1613. As they were looking at the Inscription the keeper of the place, a bonze (a pagan priest), said to the Bishop. "This man died a Catholic, his sons also, and his grandsons, who were martyred. A cross should be set on his tomb." Fr. Spenner has relatives at Day ton, Ohio. Militarism To Rule London, Jan. 25.—Lord French is today the absolute ruler of Ireland, which practically has been turned in to a Crown colony, says the Dublin correspondent of the Daily News, and continues: Two very serious changes affecting Nationalist Ireland are said to be in contemplation, if they have not been actually settled upon. They are the abolition of the honorary magistracy with the placing of the entire adminis tration of summary ustice in the hands of salaried magistrates, and the en forcement of the oath of loyalty upon all persons receiving emoluments from Government funds. At present the oath of loyalty is demanded only from civil servants other than post office servants, but the enforcement of the new proposal would bring in such men as univer sity professors. This course, if it is attempted, will be most bitterly resented. Viceroy French, however, Is credited with fa voring it,, his view being that almost anything can be tolerated except dis loyalty to the Crown. No interference need be expected from Downing street, as, before going to the Peace Conference, Lloyd George washed his hands of Ireland and gave the viceroy carte blanche. Sympathy for Ireland. Irish Is Voiced fn State Senate1—Jefferson City, Mo.— Senator McCullough of Knox intro duced a joint resolntion in the senate last week expressing the commenda tion and sympathy of the Missouri General Assembly for the Irish who are trying to establish a republic in E I I S Chinese Missionary Father Waldron, of St. Paul, Has Joined Irish Mission Society—Work to Be Centered in Conversion of (Catholic Bulletin.) St. Paul has joined hands with Ire land in helping to extend tlie cause of the Irish mission to China. Several months ago Rev. Paul Waldron, pro fessor in tlie St. Paul Seminary, left this city to take up work in the cause of the Chinese missions. While waiting news of his new work, we have just received a letter from Father Waldron informing us that he is still at' St. Columban's Mission House in Omaha, Neb. He tells us that he is actively engaged in spread ing a knowledge of the new work and in arousing sympathy and interest in it. He adds that some of the missionaries expect to leave for China this year, but that he will re main working for the cause in this country for some time longer. Father Waldron was born in Agha more, County Mayo, Ireland, June 29, 1888. His preliminary 6tudies were made in St. Mary's College, Rath mines, Dublin, and in St. Jarlath Col lege, Tuam, Galway. He made his course in philosophy and theology at St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, and was ordained in June, 1914. He took one year post' graduate course on the Dunboyne. In September, 1915, he joined the faculty of the St. Paul Sem inary in this city where he was pre fessor of moral theology. The new seminary for the missions in China was opened in Ireland in January, 1918. It came into existence as a result of the remarkable move ment that began towards the end of 1916, when a number of priests in Ire land volunteered for mission work in China. They banded themselves to gether to form a society which would devote Itself to China alone. This so ciety was canonically erected in the Diocese of Galway in June, 1918. After two years' existence the society now numbers thirty priests, seventy-two students and more than one hundred nuns who have volunteered for this mission. Recently a house of the so ciety has been established in the United States, in the Diocese of Omaha. A monthly magazine, The Far East, is published in Omaha in the inter ests of the Mission. In general the work of the society in this country is to try and get American Catholics in terested in the. conversion of China. This is done chiefly in two ways: by bringing the Mission literature to their notice, and by organizing a Crusade of Prayer, which aims at getting as many Catholics as possible to offer prayers for the conversion of China. To accomplish this some of the priests of the society, including Father Wald ron, visit various centers and endeavor to make the work known. No ap peal is made for money, but interest in the magazine, which now has a cir culation of twelve thousand, and in the Crusade of Prayer, is the sole ob ject of the work. WAR TAX BILL READY Measure Submitted to Congress for Final Action. Raises Six Billions in 1919, War Ex cess Profits and Incomea Bearing Bulk of Burden. Washington, Feb. 7.—The confer ence agreement on the long delayed war revere bill has been submitted to congress. The American people are presented with their prospective fed eral tax budget for 1919 and ensuing years—something over $6,000,000,000 this year and $4,000,000,000 the year after, subject to the revision of future rates expected to be undertaken by the next congress. The conference report, presented to the house by majority leader, Claude Kltchin, is now regarded as assured of adoption by both house and senate and of approval by the president. It thus provides the future American tax yield, which now is about $4,370,000,000 besides this year's tax levy of about $6,000,000,000 further treasury needs to be raised by bonds and other means, are estimated by the treasury at about $12,000,000,000. Senate Viejv Generally Prevails. Except for slightly increased war ex cess profits rates for 1919 and corpora tions Income tax rates for 1920, vir tually all the rates as revised in the bill passed by the senate are approved by the conferees and remain in the final conference draft. Like the orig inal house bill and the senate's revi sion, the bulk of the taxes are levied on war excess profits of corporations and on incomes, individual and corp oration. Rates of the senate on trans portation, beverages, cigars and tobac co, amusement admissions, club dues, luxuries, and semiluxuries, stamp and special taxes, all substantially were adopted by 'the conferees, while the house rates on estates and Insurance were reinstated. S A N A In habitants of China—House of So ciety in Omaha. CARDINAL LUCON WHO CLUNG TO RUINED RHEIMS SHOWS PRESI DENT \VILSON THE WRECK OF GREAT CATHEDRAL. An Associated Press dispatch, dated Jan. 26, gave the following account of President Wilson's visit to he devas tated regions of France: President Wilson today made his first trip to the battle front and dev astated regions, visiting Chateau Thierry and Rheims. At the close of a tour that took him through a dozen razed villages, ending in the ruins of the historic cathedral at Rheims, he made this comment "No one can put into words the im pressions I have received amongst such scenes of desolation and ruin." Accompanied by Mrs. Wilson, Ad miral Grayson, and a very small party, Mr. Wilson left the Murat residence early this morning. The party mo tored first to Chateau Thierry, where iunch was taken on board a waiting (rain. The Party then proceeded by motor to Rheims, passing through many ruined villages and along the old fighting lines, where evidences of com bat are still to be plainly seen. The first fighting ground was reached as. the party neared Belleau wood, immortalized in the history of the war by the. gallant fighting of American marines. The motor cars turned off the main roads and crawled through back lanes to bring the Presi dent close to the ground where the fighting took place. Looks at Belleau Wood. The country folk in that neighbor hood are striving to reclaim their coun try from war's desolation. The farm ers were plowing the shell cratered fields as the President stood beside the graves of 100 or more American boys who gave their lives at that point and looked across the strategic valley to Belleau wood, a mangled mass of tree trunks and underbrush, but now a national monument to the marines, after whom the French Government have named the place. Then Mr. Wilson drove up the hill over which the American troOps smashed the crack Prussian divisions mustered there to crush the "green horns" and where the advance on Paris was cflecked. This was near Chateau Thierry. Mr. Wilson saw the ruins of bridges over which the Amer icans thrust back the enemy line at this nearest point to Paris and the shell marked houses which survived the battle of those memorable days. Before going to the cathedral he passed through the streets of a desert ed city which was once the home of 115,000 people, but where less than 5,000 are now eking out an existence among the ruins. He visited Red Cross canteens where hundreds of destitute persons fed night and day, and the hospital, where the sick and Injured are cared for. Paper. Cardinal is President Wilson's Guide at Rheims Pari* To« an always wfcea jmm ieal wMl the dew Loaf numtj C*. 4M SMfa Av*b N*. MfmieapeH* Mtna. a North TS4 N. W. •frload ISM Merchants & Manufacturers State Bank Capital PENN MUTUAL UF1 O. A. rrOCKWELL, N. W. Hjrlaa* 411 GEN. AOT 207 La Salle BIdg., 2nd Ave. & 7th St 3. Telephone: Nicollet 1304 "Bh Koekwell Soon" St Joseph Parish S T.-a Albert Beyer Dealer la HI AJU» SMOKS OaB lli Up—Wc n* PLYMOUTH A1 Cardinal Shows Cathedral. Cardinal Lucon, Archbishop of Rheims, who stood steadfastly by his charge for four years, during which time scarcely a day passed without a German shell hurling death into the city, met the President at the fence of rough boards which now excludes curiosity seekers and incloses the rub bish into which this most historic edi fice has been reduced. The Cardinal conducted Mr. Wilson to the nave of the cathedral, where in 1914 the Germans, during their short occupation of the city, placed their wounded, and then, being forced to evacuate, burned their men to death by incendiary shells that fired the roof, but did not damage the vault. All over the flagging, worn smooth through the years by millions of feet bringing Frenchmen to an hour's de votion, were piled heaps of rubbish, remnants of statuary and frescoes, and fragments of columns and sculptures which were accounted the most per fect and complete examples of Gothic art. Snow Falls on Floor. As the President and the Cardinal stood together looking upward, while the prelate briefly recounted the story of four years of constant destruction, they looked straight' through to the clouded sky. The snow flurry that was covering the bare ruins of the city outside also was laying a blanket upon the inside of the cathedral. The chalky stone of Champagne, of which the cathedral was built, is scal ing off from the effects of German fire, and the falling snowflakes were mixed with an almost constant drop ping of fragments. Pausing a moment before the scene of the crucifixion above the north door, and before the painting of the coronation of the Vir gin over the central door, Mr. Wilson silently viewed the destruction wrought upon those materpieces by the burn ing of the scaffolding when the Ger mans set Are to the roof of the edifice. Ruins of statues lie about the side door, and the great rose window, said to be the most beautiful in the world, where Field Marshal von Moltke in 1870 sat and watched the sunset, is shattered by shell fire until it looks like camouflage set up by the roadside. As they left the Cathedral the Car dinal gave the President a stained glass panel from one of the windows taken down In time to save it. The panel is unscarred. It is circular and about three feet in diameter. It shows a figure of the Saviour done in many colored glass of the early centuries. From the cathedral the President drove to view the ruins of the town hall, a spacious specimen of the Re naissance style of architecture, and the Palais Royale, an eighteenth cen tury edifice. These two, with the cathedral comprised the most cele brated historical memorials of Rhiems, and not one has escaped. ""HE I ERGHANTS. Whew announcements are Hcnia, are I iWn in their Line of Bust Their Respective Parish* Thgr are Anxious for Y«v Trade, and Soltek Your Patron*y trough Your Own Paper Patronize Them. They are Worthy of h. By So Doing You-Afwct Thi» The Model Dairy Co. Dealers in M3k ad Cream, Butter and Eggs Choice Whipping Cream 2932-2934 Stevens Ave. My Rosa? Parish T.-e.«im N. Blomgren Bros. Furniture and Stevee Carpet* General Hou—held 3S9-24S Cedar Ararat Fuiterml Director T. CONNOLLY 1ISI Heaneptn Avema 4M| Center KM. BOTH PHONMt M. J. GILL & SONS FUNIRAL MR 141449 Laurel A Saturday, February 8, 1919 Situation ii Ireland Getting More Serious A Revolt Due at Almost Any Time English Ministers Take the Situation Seriously. Cable dispatches to New York re port a serious turn of affairs in Ire land. It is said that a 'revolt' and bloodshed is imminent if the tenure is not relieved in one way or another. The situation is so serious that Pre mier Lloyd George is returning to Lon don'earlier than he had expected for the special purpose of attempting some sort of temporary settlement until the Peace Conference has been concluded. Meanwhile the early release of the Sinn Fein prisoners still interned in England, including Prof. Edward do Valera and the Countess Markivizc, is demanded by all the public bodies in Ireland, and if this demand is not complied with, anything is liable to happen. John Dillon, leader of the Irish Na tionalist party, says that while he can understand the violent feelings and the general animosity against the British Government, which enabled the Sinn Fein to sweep the country in the recent election, he has been deeply convinced all along that the policy of the Sinn Fein is .bound to end in defeat' and disaster. Under the influence of disappoint ment and exasperation over the weak ness and treachery of British states men the Sinn Feiners in reality are playing into the hands of the enemy, he declares, and doing precisely what the military party and Sir Edward Carson desire. "Personally I can accept no atom of responsibility for the policy they are preaching," he adds, "nor for the lead ership which for the time being the majority of the Nationalists have ac cepted. "I do not think this is the proper time for comment on the real signifi cance or the result of the recent elec-. tion or the methods by which the re sult was achieved, but I feel bound, in view of much that has been said, to place on record the fact that it is ab surdly at variance with the truth to accept the result of the election as anything approaching a unanimous de cision by the Nationalists of Ireland, or t'o consider it a verdict that the Irish people favor the objects of the Sinn Fein." Another False Report—Dublin, Jan. 20—Regarding the published state ment that agreat collection of ancient Irish MSS. had been destroyed in the the Louvain library, the Fransicans in Dublin state that so far as is known there were not many Irish MSS. in Louvain and these were of little value, being simply copies of the originals' in Ireland. The report was given space in the English and American press during the past two years. SL Clements Parish Futility State Bank 2417 Central Avenne "Tour Neighborhood Bank" Iasoraaoe la An Its Branches Open Saturdays and Soo Pay Dan 6tolP.lL ANCIENT IRI8H M8S. Regarding the published statements that a great collection of ancient Irish MSS. had been destroyed In the Lou vain library, the Franciscans In Dublin state that so far as known there were not many Irish MSS. in Louvain. The library in St Anthony's, Lou vain, was disturbed during the Napo leonic invasion. A considerable por tion of it was preserved and trans ferred to Rome, and in the year 1870 retransferred to the Franciscans, at Merchants' Quay, Dublin, where they still are. A considerable' number of MSS. were also dispersed amongst various libraries in Belgium, including the great Brussels library, the collection in the latter including the celebrated Mooney MSS., largely used by Father Meehan in "The Rise and Fall of the Irish- Franciscan Monasteries." The Franciscans never went back to Loo vain after the Napoleonic invasion. They saved all they could. There were possibly some Irish MMS. In Loo vain.