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•T ^Jfti *r .'' :vf* fj iW' O Saturday, February 8, 1919 Is Sir Conan Doyle in Communication With the Spirits of the Dead? (Written by J. Godfrey Raupert, K. S. G., for Central Bureau Press Bulletin.) The following article is the first, of a series of five short treatises on the subject of Spiritism by Sir J. God frey Raupert, K. S. G., of England, now sojourning in this country. The author 4s an acknowledged authority on this subject, having conducted re searches in this particular field for a number of years his authority is readily evidenced by his books, some of which are: "Modern Spiritism," "The Dangers of Spiritualism," "Spiri tistic Phenomena and their Interpre tation." Moreover, Mr. Raupert's work as a writer and lecturer has received the recognition of Rome. "With the sanction of the Holy See, says the British 'Catholic Who's Who' (1918), Mr. Raupert has given courses of lec tures on the modern psychical and occult movement of thought at Semi naries and Catholic institutions in vari ous part of the world." And only a few months ago the Papal Secretary of State, Cardinal Gasparri, conveyed the blessing and encouragement of the Holy Father to the author in a letter dated Oct. 31, 1918. In this letter—which emphasizes the timely character of an educational campaign regarding the danger of Spiritism—the Papal Secretary says: Indeed, among the evils which at the present time are causing havoc ot humanity, we may number those occult practices of Spiritism, which, if" permitted to spread unchecked, threaten to inflice on countless per sons the loss of body and soul. "Therefore, His Holiness can but esteem worthy of praise and of real benefit to humanity the work that is accomplished either by word or. by writing, in order to save men from the meshes of such intricate and peri lous practice... .His Holiness encour ages your whole hearted zeal The subject is particularly timely, since after practically every war a sort of religious revival takes place, the faithful seeking consolation and shelter in their faith, while those who have not true faith turn to various forms of superstition. This contention is being borne out by the prominence given to "communion with the dead" by such men as Sir A. Conan Doyle and Sir Oliver Lodge. It was in view of the emphasis laid on Spiritism at this after-war moment that the C. Bureau requested Mr. Raupert to pre pare these articles. I I know of nothing in our modern literature which so forcibly and clear ly reflects and illustrates the Zeitgeist as the recent statements and articles by Sir Conan Doyle. The age in which we live Is, as all thinking men know, increasingly departing from belief in the Super natural as revealed in the Gospels and the traditions of Historical Chris tianity, and is relapsing Into paganism, eyen though this paganism hides It self behind attractive and "scientific" and even academic terms. But the human heart cannot altogether exist without some contact with that un seen world which It knows to exist and with which It feels itself to he re lated. As a consequence a very dis tinct blank is created which causes the* distressed mind to cast about for some kind of substitute which is cal culax A to fill this blank and to satisfy Its cravings. Spiritism, in The Facts and Fallacies Of Modern Spiritism ltB modern scientific form is, beyond doubt, the most attractive and acceptable sub stitute for this lost Supernatural that could be presented. It satisfies, or claims to satisfy, longings which all men experience more or less, and which in a sense constitute the very basis and conditions of any kind of religious life and belief. One can, therefore, fully understand how it comes to pass that statements such as those of Sir Conan Doyle and Sir Oliver Lodge' are creating a world wide attention and why the interest In the subject is such a keen and widespread one. Now it is not proposed in these articles to raise the question as to the reality and objectivity of the phenomena themselves. They have been under the observation of experts —In many Instances men of a pro nouncedly sceptical turn of mind— for a long series of years and, for all practical_ purposes, the final verdict has been given. It Is absolutely cer tain today thai, under given condi tions, abnormal phenomena occur and that these phenomena are due to some kind of intelligence Independent of and apart from the experimenter. The man who donbts this today Is simply igno rant of the facts of the case, and un acquainted with the evidence which exists. The basal claims of Spiritism, therefore, are folly admitted. The Catholic Church has never doubted then and indeed has mafatiin^ their reality when modern science was still wrapt in its materialistic slumbers and vehemently denied the existence of a spiritual world and spiritual beings. What we are concerned with is the interpretation of these phenomena and the nature, character, and aim of the spirit-beings, who are the causes of their production. It is here, the church contends, where modern science is as utterly astray as it has admittedly been astray in its hitherto in terpretations of the observed phenom ena of matter. It is setting up hypo theses which the facts of the case do not warrant, and it is erecting a sys tem of religious thought upon conten tions which are mere fallacies. The first of these fallacies is that science has discovered something new and wonderful and of deep importance to human nature. No more ridiculous and wholly groundless claim has ever been made. The practice of necrom ancy—the invoking and consulting of what were believed to be the spirits of the dead is as old as the world. Traces of this practice can be found in the history of all races and nations and it may indeed be regarded as the distinguishing characteristic of the pa gan civilizations. The Jews, no doubt, had become familiar with this practice during their captivity and in their contact with the Babylonians and had introduced it amongst their own peo ple. But the Jewish rulers and law givers, so far from regarding these practices as of any solid value to the religious and social life of the people, had always emphatically condemned them and had enacted severe laws and penalties against them. A witch, whom we would today call' a medium, was not allowed to live, and no true son of the people was permitted "to seek the truth from the dead." This fact is beyond doubt to be ascribed to the circumstance that, as Sir William Bar rett, a confirmed spiritist, points out, all these practices "tended to obscure the divine idea, and to weaken the supreme fatih in and worship of the One Omnipotent Being, whom the na tion was set apart to proclaim. In stead of the arm of the Lord beyond and above them, a motley crowd of pious, lying, vain or gibbering spirits would seem to people the unseen and weariness, perplexity, and finally des pair would enervate and destroy the nation." Many experienced but disillu sioned spiritists of all times and na tions have emphatically confirmed the wisdom and reasonableness of this at titude of mind and have supported it by serious and incontrovertible facts. Our own age furnishes us with an endless variety of striking incidents and experiences which impel the cau tious student of the subject to an iden tical conclusion. All such incidents, unfortunately, are calmly brushed aside by our scientific spiritists, sim ply because they are seen to run coun ter to a belief which they are deter mined to embrace and from which they hope so much for the good of distracted mankind. But they should at least command the serious attention of all conscien tious and right-minded persons and lead them to pause and reflect ere they embark on practices and adopt beliefs, fascinating and plausible no doubt, but fraught never the less with perils to both body and soul. It will be shown in these articles In what these perils mainly consist and what are the fallacies underly ing Stav Conan Doyle's contention. Catholic Relatives of Ex-President Late Theodore Roosevelt Was Con nected by Many Ties With Catholic Church. It is interesting to recall certain of the Catholic relatives of Theodore Roosevelt, says The Columbian These included: Mother Eliza Ann Bayley Seton, Archbishop James Roosevelt Bayley, (grandson of James Roosevelt, who founded the Roosevelt Hospital, New York, and son of Guy Carleton and Grace Roosevelt Bay ley) Guy Carleton Bayley, Jr., Miss Rosalie Bleecher, Roosevelt Bayley, Archbishop Seton, and MiSB Roose velt, who became a Catholic in New York last year. Mrs. Roosevelt's mother, Mrs. Edith Tyler Carew, of New York and Rome, was a devout convert who lies buried in one of the old Roman cemeteries near her villa. Nicholas Longworth, who married Alice Roosevelt, counted Catholic rela tives by the score, some of them hav ing been: Archbishop Wood of Phila delphia, (great-uncle) Mrs. Sarah Worthington Peter, (grand-aunt) Mrs. Maria Longworth Storer (aunt) the Mrikehlonew de Chambrnn, etc. RAIL STRIKE IN LONDON SETTLED Satisfactory Adjustment of Dis pute on All Lines Is Un officially Announced. PLAN DRASTIC ACTION Trades Union Leaders Are Contem plating Proceedings to Deal With Revolutionary Move Leading to Unauthorized Walkouts. London, Feb.^7.—It is unofficially stated that a satisfactory settlement of the London railway dispute has been reached. It is said the settle ment includes the tubes and all Lon don railway systems. The Union of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen issued notices ending the strike. Londoners have not known another week so demoralizing to business since the air raid week in September, 1917, when tliere was a bombardment of the city almost every niglit. The trouble has been due to strikes by railroad workers. Many thousands of commuters, de pending on the Southwestern and Brighton railroads to get them to town, arrived at their stations to find there were no trains, the people soon gave up hope of reaching the city and finally returned "Borne. Government Steps Into Gap. Several other local stoppages in transit were reported. In Southwest ern England mo3t of the people were kept away from work by an extension of the strike. The government stepped into the gap, using several hundred motor lorries to convey workers from outskirts of London, giving them free rides to their busi ness places. The cabinet was in session and Sir Albert H. Stanley, president of the Board of Trade, conferred with the Locomotive Engineers' and Firemen's associations at the Board of Trade. A statement was made on behalf of the cabinet saying the government stood by its policy of non-interference. Union Leaders Plan Action. Following the lead taken by the Amalgamated Society of Engineers in suspending the district committee of Belfast, the Clyde and London for violating the rules of the organization by participating in unauthorized strikes the trade union leaders of the United Kingdom are contemplating further drastic action in dealing with the revolutionary movement leading to the independent strikes, in England, Scotland and Ireland. SECRETARY ORDERS INQUIRY War Department Empleyee Said to Have Been Bribed. Washington, Feb. 7.—Secretary" of War Baker told the Senate public buildings committee that the depart ment of justice had been asked to in vestigate the charge that J. Wilton Trainor, a war department employe, solicited $100,000 as a fee for work in connection with the Chicago Speed way hospital project. The charge was made by William S. Bennett, counsel for the Chicago Con struction company, which built the hospital. PACKERS AIDED CAMPAIGNS Swift & Co. Helped Illinois and Kan sas Candidates. Washington, Feb. 7.—Swift & Co. contributed to the campaign funds of Representative Rodenburg of Illinois in 1912 and Representative Taggert of Kansas in 1915, Henry Veeder, counsel for Swift & Co., testified in cross-ex amination by Francis J. Heney before the Senate agriculture committee. Mr. Veeder said these were the only cases he knew of In which such con tributions were made. STRIKE TIES UP NEWSPAPERS 1 Havans Unions Appeal to President Menocal for Solution. Havana, Feb. 7.—The strike of the employes of the mechanical depart ments of the newspapers continue and no newspapers were published. A committee of five representing the 37 unions which conducted the last gen eral strike called on President Meno cal to request him to find a solution for the strike. RIOTS IN UPPER AUSTRIA Considerable Damage Has Resulted in Town of Linz. London, Feb. 7.—Disorders continue In the district of Linz, Upper Austria, and the town has been damaged to the extent -ef-many millions of kroner, according to an Exchange telegraph dispatch from Vienna. Balloon Catches Fire. Salisbury, Md., Feb. 7.—A United States army balloon in charge of Air Pilot A'. Leio Stevens of Washington caught Are from satlc electricity when 7,200 feet over this town, but a land ing was made before the bag exploded. Pilot Stevens had four passengers, Lieut. Col. H. A. Dargue, Lieut. CoL George B. Hunter, Capt M. J. Phfl lips and Capt L. B. E I I S S A N A Motford. The five fought the lire and a safe landing was soon made'in fast-developing IS-mlls MRS. T. ROOSEVELT Salls^Yor France to Visit Grave of Her Son. Copyright by Schloss. Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, widow of the former president, was among the passengers'on the French liner Lorraine which sailed from N^w York. She will visit the grave of her son, Lieut. Quen tin Roosevelt, who was killed in an airplane battle over the German lines. She also plans to spend several weeks with her sister, Miss Emily Carew, who is doing war work in Italy. While in France Mrs. Roosevelt will see her sons, Lieut. Col. Theodore Roosevelt and Capt. Kermit Roosevelt. EMBARGO IS UPHELD Senators Defend British Limita tion of Imports. Resolutions Looking to Protest by State Department is Sent to Calendar. Washington, Feb. 7.—Discussion in the senate of the new British import embargo swung to defense of the Brit ish policy of protecting her industries and the Weeks resolution looking to a protest to London by the state de partment was displaced and sent to the senate calendar. Its further con sideration will require a majority vote. Senators King of Utah. Damocrat, and Poindexter of Washington and Mc Cumber of North Dakota led fn con tending that England was justified in defending her industries. Despite the reference of his resolu tion to the calendar, Senator Weeks said he planned at the first opportunity to call it up again, confident of fa vorable action. In defense of the British policy, Senator Poindexter said: "Taking the large impartial view, I think Great Britain was justified. We ought to look out for our interests as France and England are entitled to look out for theirs." "I protest," said Mr. MeCumber, "against criticising any nation for do ing exactly what we have been doing or will do." VANCE McCORMICK CHAIRMAN Supreme Allied Blockade Council Has Been Organized. Paris, Feb. 7.—A supreme Allied blockade council has been organized to arrange for a relaxation of embar goes upon imports into enemy coun tries. Vance McCormick, the Amer ican member, has been chosen chair man. The other members are Lord Robert Cecil and Baron Rothermere for Great Britain, Et'ienne Clementel, minister of commerce for France, and Dr. Silvio Crespi, minister of food for Italy. FOURTEEN MEN ARE INDICTED Charged With Conspiracy to Defraud Government. St. Louis, Feb. 7.—The Federal grand jury returned indictments against 14 men charging conspiracy to defraud the government. Two of the men are charged with using an in ferior grade of coffee In filling a gov ernment order and the other 12 are charged with conspiring to obtain clothing sold at Jefferson barracks at a low rate. Higher French Mall Rate. Washington, Feb. 7.—Attention was called by the War department to the fact that when letters sent to officers and enlisted men in the expedition ary forces are addressed directly to the town or city in France where the recipient Is stationed, such mail auto matically comes under foreign postal regulations and requires foreign post age rates of five cents per ounce. When soldier mail Is addressed, giving the unit to which the soldier belongs, the domestic rate of postage, three cents par ounce, applies. 1 SOVIETS AGREE TO CONFERENCE Russ Anarchists Express Willing ness to Meet Allied Delegation at Princes' Islands. ASK DATE BE NAMED Are Ready to Enter Agreement With Entente on Condition That Utter. Will Not Interfere With Rus sian Internal Affairs.' Paris, Feb. 7.—The Allies' su preme council, on receiving the ac ceptance of the Russian bolshe vik government of the invita tion to attend the conference on the Princes' Islands, immediately made arrangements to send a joint committee of two representatives from each of the five great pow ers to meet the representatives of the soviet government. London, Feb. 7.—The Bolshevist foreign minister of Russia, Mr. Tchit cherin, announces in a wireless dis patch picked up here that the soviet government is willing to participate in the Princess Island conference. The message was sent from Moscow. The dispatch begins by referring to "complaints from the Entente press concerning international revolutionary propaganda," and declares that the soviet government is ready, "if there be occasion, to enter into a general agreement with the Entente powers on their undertaking not to interfere with the Rusisan internal affairs." It then announces that the govern ment is disposed to confer on the basis indicated in the note for the confer ence at Princes' Islands or elsewhere "with all the Entente powers or some of them separately, or even with some of the Rusisan political groups at the request of the Entente powers." In conclusion, the Entente powers are asked to inform the soviet govern ment, where its representatives are to go, also the date and route to be taken. Won't Predict Action. Paris, Feb. 7.—When Professor Boris A. Bakhinotiev, a member of the coun cil formed by a.ntibolshevist factions here, was advised of M. T. Tchicherin's acceptance of the invitation to the Princes' Island conference, ho declared he would be unable to say what the Russian committee in Paris would do. Me indicated that a copy of the offi cial message must be received and dis cussed befo"e any announcement would be made. Bakhmetiev said that the dispatch from Tchitcherin was a surprise. Called "Ignoble Comedy." "It is an ignoble comedy," said Rus sian leaders here when they were shown dispatches stating that the bol slievists were ready to go to the Prin kipo conference. They expressed the opinion that the bolshcvii't. leaders would represent to their ollowers that the Allies' invita tion was re.-.gnition of them and •.y.aihi jirc.id the icpnrl that the A1 e!i, f:.*:r'?!g Iheni. had asked for peace, bus h.jt.ivijT to strengthen tiieir posi ion. rVVO KILLED !fj_ COLLISION Passenger arid Freic/ht Trains Meet Nonr Wabrvsha, Minn. Wabashi. Minn.. Feb. 7.—Frank itutzel of Wabasha, a mail clerk, and olm l-iein'sc, of Austin, engineer, were illcd when a passenger train, running :'om Wa'oi.sha to Faribault, crashed ead-on into a-freight train from Min '.c-apolis to LaCrossc, ore and one-half uiles earf. of here, near Midland June ion, on the Chicago. Milwaukee & fit. 'aul rnih-'jnfl. Sevei 1 of the ousscn^ers were in ured, but none seriously. \MEND2i1ENT TO ARMY BILL House Committee Votes to Abolish Service. Chevrons. Washington, Feb. S.--A11 amendment the army appropriation bill abolish ng all service chevrons on army nn' orms was unanimously agreed bv the nilitary comm'lteo and will he made a louse Monday. The amendment is lireeted primarily against the silver •lievron authorized by the general stall ind required to be worn by soldiers who served his country and did not abroad. POLES AND GERMANS IN TRUCE Seven Day Armistice on S lesian Front Is Signed. Basle, Feb. 7.—Germans and Poles have signed a seven day armistice on the Sile8ian front, which may be re newed automatically, it was reported in dispatches received here today. (750,000,000 for Railroads. Washington, Feb. 7.—Director Gen eral Hlnes, appearing before the House Appropriations committee, urged that Congress appropriate $750,000,000 ad ditional for the revolving fund, for which $500,000,000 originally was auth orized by Congress. He said the ap propriation should be made regardless of whether government control of the roads was relinquished within a few months, as the money was necessary for improvements which the roads tnld be unable to finaaca, W. W. ATTERBURY Director General of American Railways in France. Maj. Gen. W. W. Atterbury, as di rector general of American railways in France, will play an important part in the reconstruction work of the French nation, lie formerly was vice president of the Pennsylvania railroad. READY FOB LMERGENCY Federal Troops are on Duty at Tacoma and Seattle. General Strike of Practically All Trades Has Resulted in Paralyz ing Business. Seattle, Feb. 7.—Itegular troops from Camp Lewis are quartered in Tacoma and Seattle to "stand ready for any emergency," as army officers said, arising from the general strike of 45, 000 union men in sympathy with U5, 000 shipyard workers who went out Jan. 21 to enforce demands for higher pay. Brigadier General John L. liayden commands the contingent of 800 sol diers in Seattle, and Brig. Gen. Frank B. Watson haH under him in Tacoma, 36 miles from hero, two battalions and a machine gun company. Authority for the use of troops was granted by Secretary of War Baker upon advices from Governor Lister of the situation in Tacoma and Seattle. Thirty-five thousand union men In the vicinity of Seattle quit work, la bor leaders said, but in Tacoma re sponse was not so general. The prln clpal industries involved were the car men, timber workers, barbers and re tail clerks. Street cars stopped run ning in Seattle, schools closed, restau rants and theaters closed their doors, newspapers suspended and other in dustries ceased operating. Barber shops closed and elevators stopped running. FRAME PLANS IN SECRET 8enate Committee Will Begin Anarchy Hearing Tuesday. Washington, Feb. 7.—The senate judiciary subcommittee held a secret session to plan procedure in its in vestigation of Bolsbeviki, I. W. W. and other propaganda in the United States, but postponed hearing of the first wit ness, Albert Rhys Williams, a writer recently returned from Russia, who had been subpoenaed by the commit tee. Chairman Overman announced that the first hearing would be held Tuesday. PASSES "MOONSHINE" BILL North Dakota Senate Votes to Make State Bone Dry. Bismarck, N. D., Feb. 7.—Passage of the moonshine bill, which prohibits personal possession of liquor and of the bill which changes the standard of teachers' certificates and adoption by the senate of the bill which places all pool halls, theaters, dance halls, taxi cab stands, etc., under state supervis ion, featured the session of tbe North Dakota legislature. ADMITS FOUR SMALL POWERS League of Nations Commission In creases Membership. Paris, Feb. 7.—The conference com mission on a society of nations issued an official statement saying it had de cided that representatives of Czecho slovakia, Greece, Poland and Rouma nia would be associated in its delib erations. This is in keeping with the decision to give four additional places on the commission to the smaller pow ers. Hal Chase Is Cleared. New York, Feb. 7.—Hal Chase, stormy petrel of baseball, was cleared on the charge of "throwing" games preferred against him by the Cincin nati club. He was declared "not guilty" by President John A. Heydler of the National league, who acted judge, after a week's study of the evi dence for and against him. "It Is no where established that the arensed was Interested in any pool or wager that caused any game to result other wise than on its merits," said Heyd lsr in his decision.