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rHE SENATE AND HOU8E OF
REPRESENTATIVES OF PENN SYLVANIA PAS8 RESOLUTIONS FAVORING SELF-DETERMINA TION FOR IRELAND. Philadelphia, Feb. 18.—Through the efforts of Past State President of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, Patrick Donohoe, who is Chairman of the Com mittee in charge of the arrangements for the .1919 A. O. H. Ball, the follow ing resolutions, offered in the State Eenate by Senator Daix, xind in the House, by Representatives Hefferman both of Philadelphia, were passed un animously "Whereas, The sons and daughters of the Irish race in America are thrilled with the prospect of a free Ireland they are earnestly asking that their cradle-land be included among the small nations which Presi dent. Wilson has so elequently indi cated will be recommended for the right of self-determination and "Whereas, In all our wars, on every page of our American annals, in the very texture of our American people, the blood of Ireland gleams in eager service in all that contributed to the power and glory of this greatest of Republicans in the great world con Duluth, Feb, 17.—A Targe and en thusiastic gathering of members as sembled at Cathedral Hal, on Tuesday, Feb. 11th, at the regular business meet ing of Division No. 1, Ladies' Auxiliary to A. O. H. Plans were made for a dancing party to be given on Tuesday evening, Feb. 26th, at Cathedral Hall, the various Divisions of A. O. H. and Ladles' Auxiliary of A. O. H. in the city to be invited.,. AMheclose of the businese session the Division Presi dent, Mrs, McDermott, turned the (E. J. Dillon has for years been uni versally recognized as one of the fore most authorities on international poli tics. Coming from such a source, the following article is interesting as a picture of the trend of events that fore shadow a world-wide upheaval) (Extracts from E. J. Dillon's article to the Philadelphia Public Ledger.) Paris, Feb. 5.—Living in the midst of a band of eminent legislators who are generously devoting time and la bor to the fabrication of machinery for the good government of the entire human race out of scanty and not wholly suitable materials, the histor ian of the manifold conflicting forces at work finds it difficult to survey them all and set the daily incidents and particular questions in their cor rect perspective. The earnestness and good-will of the plenipotentiaries are highly praise worthy, but if they did not believe firmly in the final success of their undertaking and that the peoples of the globe are' concentrating their fondest hopes upon the work done at the conference, they would hardly have the perseverance to continue, de spite the permanent and casual hin drances that confront them at ev ery hand's turn. But parallel with the conference and the daily lectures which its mem bers are receiving on foreign geog raphy, ^hnography and history, there are other councils at work, some pub licly, others privately, which repre sent the vast masses who are in a greater hurry than the Tiolitical world to have their urgent wants supplied, -for they are the miraons of European inhabitants who care little about strategic frontiers and much about the necessaries which they find it in creasingly difficult to obtain. Bewildering Phenomena. Only a visitor from a remote plan et could fully realize the significance of the bewildering phenomena meets one's gaze here every day with out exciting wonder. On one there is the gay Vflle Lumlere, re Pennsylvania Asks For Free Ireland Daluth No. 1, L. A. A. 0. H. Entertains flict which recently closed so triumph antly the citizens and soldiers of Irish blood proved worthy or their proudest traditions, the latter having gladly struck and died for the land that hlds their allegiance therefore be it "Resolved, That these bodies, the State Senate and State Legislature of Pennsylvania, assembled in regular session, on this tenth day of February, 1919, call upon the members of the United States Senate and the members of the National House of Representa tives of Pennsylvania to vote for the resolution now in Congress, it having been reported favorably by the House Foreign Affairs Committee, on Feb ruary 6, 1919, and which reads: "Resolved, By the House of Repre sentatives, That it is the earnest hope of the Congress of the United States of America that the peace conference now sitting in Paris passing upon the rights of various peoples will favor ably consider the claims of Ireland to the right of self-determination." "Resolved, That President Wilson be informed that it is the expressed de sire of the Senate and House of Rep resentatives of Pennsylvania that Ire land be included among these small nations which he has declared shall be given the right of self-determination." meeting over to Mrs. Sara A. Murphy, Co. President, who presided at an in formal reception for Rev. William Powers, the newly appointed pastor of Cathedral parish. Mrs. Murphy in a few we)l chosen words introduced Father Powers to the members. Fath er Powers responded with a splendid talk which was very much enjoyed by the members. Luncheon was served at the close of a very pleasant evening. The committee in .charge consisted of Mrs. CNiell, Mrs. O'Donnell and Mrs. Margaret Haley. splendent, festive and joyful, at the glorious victory, and prodigal in sac rifices to celebrate it worthily. Vien na, during the Congress, was less vi vaciously joyous than Paris is today. Princes are honoring the republican city with their presence Grand Dukes are generously lavishing smiles ma zurkas, tangos, and weird Texas dan ces are executed nightly in the cab arets of Montmartre, and historic mansions around the Pare Monceau. Nay, even in the splendid hotels fit ted with silver baths and inhabited by pacific armies of delegates, technical experts, secretaries and typists, dan cing is becoming part of the daily normal exercise. Long lines of superb automobiles glide every afternoon and night be fore the flashing eyes of the underfed proletariat, transporting high-born la dies and nouvelles riches and priv ileged personages to sumptuous res taurants, dazzling theatres and faerie ballrooms. The festivities and amusements on this upper plane of Paris recall the glowing descriptions of the fret and fever of existence in the Austrian cap ital one hundred years ago. The.se people who form the rind of the po litical and social world are specula tively interested in the august pleni potentiaries toiling for the weal of the human race, and eagerly offer hos pitality to the exotic lions of the epoch, to the most of whom they have given expressive nicknames. They launch winged words and coin witty epigrams, characterizing what they irreverently term the efforts of the Peace Conference to square the circle. They contrast the noble inten tions of the delegates with the grim realities of the workaday world, which appear to mock their praiseworthy ex ertions. They say there never were so many wars as during the deliber ations of these famous men of peace. Warning to World of Luxury. Meanwhile, the Peace Conference is secretly debating the conditions on which these people shall forget their Vol XXXIIII. No. 12 Mkuwapoiii, Mfavu, Saturday, February 22, '919 5c At the first meeting of the -Dail Blreann in Dublin on January 21st Mr. J. J. Kelly (Sceilg) (Louth) read in Gaelic the following message to the free nations of the world, which was read by Count Plunkett in French. The English version runs: "To the Nations of the World: Greeting. "The Nation of Ireland having pro claimed her national independence, calls, through her elected representa tives in Parliament assembled in the Irish Capital on January 21, 1919, up on every free nation to support, the Irish Republic by recognizing" Ire land's national status and her right to its vindication of the Peace Con gress. "Nationally, the race, the language, the customs and traditions of Ireland are radically distinct from the Eng lish: Ireland is one of the most ancient nations of Europe, and she tyas pre served her national integrity, vigorous and intact, through seven centuries of foreign oppression she has never re linquished her national rights, and throughout the long era of English usurpation she has in every genera tion defiantly proclaimed her inalien able right of nationhood down to her last glorious resort to arms in 1916. "Internationally, Ireland is the gate way to the Atlantic. Ireland is the last outpost of Europe towards the West Ireland is the point upon which great trade routes between East and West converge her independence is demanded by the freedom of the seas her great harbors must be open to all nations, instead of being the mon opoly of England. Today these har bors are empty and idle solely because English policy is determined to retain Ireland as a barren bulwark for Eng lish aggrandisement, and the unique geographical position of this island, far from being a benefit and safeguard te Europe and America, is subjected to the purposes of England's policy of world dominion. "Ireland today re-asserts her historic nationhood the more confidently b'e fore the new world emerging from the war, because sh^ believes in freedom and justice as the fundamental princi enmity and live in friendship on a basis of mutual trust and give and take, and Paris is celebrating the glorious victory over the Teutons, per forming the tango and the curious dances of Texas. "Observe a measure in your dan ces, ladies and gentlemen," writes a Parsian publicist in a timely warning addressed to the world of money and fashion. "Luxury, said Victor Hugo, is a ne cessity of great States and great civ ilizations, but there are moments when it must not b6 exhibited to the masses. When the multitude beholds luxury while suffering, want and dis tress are prevalent, its spirits rises, skipping many degrees at once. It does not reflect that luxury produces higher wages. It demands, not work, not wages, but leisure, pleasure, car riages, lackeys, duchesses. Beneath the thin crust of plutocracy and aris tocracy in contemporary Europe are social (layers whose utterances and im pulses are subdued today, but wlio may at any moment introduce jarring sounds of volcanic thunder into the musical harmony of the upper spheres. Growing Unrest Among Masses. Indigence has already" made the ac quantance of the lower middle class who, by dint of long years of toil and thrift, had scraped together the where withal to spend the evening of life in what was comparative ease before the war. Families with children who had contrived to make ends on 400 francs ($800) a year, are now on the brink of misery, with no relief in sight at present, and faced with heavier taxes in the. future. Lower down are the working class es, whose abnormally high and quick ly-spent war gains have come to a sud den end, and who have now to face lockouts, strikes, lower wages and higher rents, and the hardships, these entail. Tet they feel that the social system reposes on their shoulders. Soldiers who for four years at the front were well ted, receiving coffees* Ireland's Message Te The World THE WORLD ON A CRUST OF A GREAT SOCIAL VOLCANO ples of international law, because she believes in a frank co-operation be tween the peoples for equal rights against the vested privileges of ancient tyrannies, because the permanent peace of Europe can never be secured by perpetuating military dominion for the profit of empire, but only by estab lishing the control of government in every land upon the basis of the free will of a free people, and the existing state of war, between Ireland and Eng land, can never be ended until Ireland is definitely evacuated by the armed forces of England. '"For thes^ among other reasons. Ireland—resolutely and irrevocably de termined at the dawn of (he promised era of self-determination and liberty, that she will suffer foreign dominion rto longer—calls upon every free na tion to uphold her national claim to cbmplete independence as an Irish Re public against the arrogant preten sions of England founded in fraud and Sustained only by an overwhelming military occupation, and demands to be confronted publicly with England at the Congress of the Nations, that the civilized world having judged be tween English wrong and Irish right may guarantee to Ireland its perman ent support for the maintenance of her national independence." Proposing the adoption of the mes sage, Mr. Eoin MacNeill said they were not asking the nations for char ity, but to perform an act that would be of benefit to themselves. Irish free (tem was necessary to the peace of the world. Ireland sought not charity, but her rights alone. The present as sembly was n^ore representative, more national than any other gathering held in Ireland for hundreds of years, and proved that the national will en dorsed the appeal. The motion was unanimously passed. ENGLISH CENSOR OBJECTS TO IRISH GOING TO HEAVEN. (From the Montreal Star.) Dublin, Jan. 31.—A book has re cently been published in Ireland called '|The Glamor of Dublin." The author jade a passing allusion to Pearse and onnolly, ^"Now in Heaven." The cen sor struck out the last three words. sugar, white bread, meat, eggs and wine in abundance are now informed by their wives that luxuries like these are henceforth beyond their reach. Three years ago beef cost one franc three centimes a pound but today the butcher charges five and a half ($1.10), Chickens could then be had at one franc seventy (33 cents) a pound, whereas the very cheapest is now sold at a rate of six francs ($1.20) a pound. Butter has risen from 2.60 francs to ten francs a pound, and for one egg, which is sometimes fresh, eighty cen times (16 cents) are charged. Soldiers Growing Angry. Heroes back from the trenches, where they received all these things in plenty and never worried about the cost, after having saved civilization from disa'ster, now find tlieir services rewarded by prohibitive prices and positive hardships. Looking around, they behold processions of magnificent motors, a dazzling display of fashion and wealth crowded in renowned res taurants performing the sempiternal tango and various dances, and they ask in anger Was it for such a so cial system that they faced death thousands of times in the mud of the trenches and atmosphere poisoned with deadly gasses? When sickness visits these families, as it so often does, and medical care and remedies recede from their reach and vanish among the luxuries of the wealthy, the iron enters the soul of these men and produces frenzy which becomes epidemic, and from the fam ily hearth may spread to the high ways and byways. For these heroes have no fear of death, no artificial restraints. With this temper they are resolved to pull down the barriers that separate them from the life that is worth living. They, too, glance casually at the con ference and shrug their shoulders at compromise and schemes that deal with frontiers, languages and secret treaties, as if settling these would transform secular grievances and in tolerable incongruities into well-being Philadelphia's Grand Annual Hibernian Ball Will Be Held on the Evening of February 24th, Many of the Dele gates to the Greatest Irish Race Con vention, of February 22 and 23, That Has Ever Been Held Outside of Ire land, Are Expected to Attend It. Philadelphia, Feb. 18.—The Fifty third Grand Annual Ball of the Ancient Order of Hibernians of Philadephia, will take place in the Academy of Music, on Monday evening, February 24th. The sale of tickets and ,boxes indicate that it will be the greatest ball ever held in Philadelphia under Irish-Americau or Catholic auspices. One of the city's greatest military bands will furnish music for the Grand March and promenades, and an orches tra of thirty pieces, will play for the dancers. A special orchestra, which includes bagpipes, harps, piccolos, vio lins, etc., will play for the dances of Ireland. The Irish dancing will begin on the main floor of the Academy at nine o'clock, and will be transferred to the beautiful banquet hall, at ten, where it will be carried on without further intermission until the close of the festivities. This Ball will af ford a more favorable opportunity to witness the lively, mirthful, fascinat ing dances of the old land than has ever before been presented to the peo ple ot this city. It will be the chief During the season of Lent, the Mis sionary Association of Catholic Wo men will conduct its second nation wide Easter Seal Campaign. The Seals will be sofd through the various branches of the Association, through other ladies' societies that may be willing to cooperate, through the par ochial schools, and by the members and promoters of the M. A. C. W. The Seals are done in green they represent the EaBter Lamb holding aloft a banner upon which the Easter and coherence. They manifest no in terest in the plenipotentiaries' work beyond the desire to see it terminated, when they expect to take matters into their own hands and remodel the world for human beings to live in. What the Socialists Want, Like the plenipotentiaries, they, So cialists, too, desire a league of people, but unlike these, they refuse to dis tinguish between the enemies of yes terday and the Allies of today. They desire equality, but refuse to establish it in watertight compartments. They are organized, their spokes men are in Berne endeavoring to work out a feasable comprehensive program and hold it up to the Paris Confer ence as the first installment of their League of Nations. They are fully conscious of their power and not wholly unconscious of their responsi bility. They claim they are ready for action tomorrow, but are willing to give the plenipotentiaries their in nings. I have talked with certain of their chiefs and am convinced they will realize many of the hopes and fears which are now centered in the peace delegates, for they see things as they are, piercing the diplomatic veils and conventions and mean to make a strike for the goal they profess to be in quest of, not of vain formulas or pale abstractions, but of the single, just and permanent in social life. They assure me they are anxiously placating their extremists who await their orders, but are not certain of sustained success because the least accident might liberate the pent up forces and bring about a deluge. New Forces Are Ready. A short time ago all trains and all work on the Paris-Lyons-Medlteran ean Railroad were stopped for. a cou ple of minutes at the same moment. The object was to give the double warning that new popular forces were ready to be unleashed at a seasonable moment, and that the forces are high ly organized and thoroughly disci plined. The principal mechanician Hibernians Will Entertain Delegates Catholic Women's Easter Seal Campaign Hibernian social event, noted always for the magnificence of its decorations, in Philadelphia this winter. It will be more than a local function, guests being expected from New York, Brook lyn. Jersey City, Newark, Boston, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Chicago, and as far West as St. Paul and Minneapolis. The scene at Hibernian Balls is al ways one of splendor, and they conse quently attract the intellect and beau ty of Pliiladepliia. At these Balls, as at no other function, age and youth co-mingle in nights of joy and festiv ity. Presidents of Divisions have beeu. requested to send the Committee at 1606 North Broad Street, the A. O. H. Club House, the names and addresses of those of their members or members' sons, who are or who have been in the service of the Army or Navy of the United States during the war, and will be in the city on the evening of the Ball (February 24th), to the end that invitations to attend in their uni forms may be sent them. Applicants for boxes are requested to communicate with Hon. James B. Sheehan, Past State President, Chair man of the Reception Committee, Regi ster of Wills' Office, City Hall, or with ex-State President Patrick Donohoe. Chairman of the General Committee, at the A. O. H. Club House, 1606 North Broad Street.. greeting, "Peace be to you," is in scribed. Show that you have a lively faith in the Lamb of God sacrificed for our redemption by taking an ac tive part in the campaign, If not by selling Seals, at least by purchasing some of them. By so doing you will contribute your mite towards carrying the faith to the still, pagan world. For Seals address: The Missionary Association! of Catholic Women, No. 834—36th. St., Mil* Ske&, Wis. aceqT who arranged this momentary strike is now in prison, but the mechanicism is, the papers assert, automatic and in perfect working order. Statements volunteered to me by chiefs of the labor movements who are seemingly desirous of postponing unconstitution al manifestations as long as possible, confirm this assertion, and add that the merest spark may produce a con flagration which political formulas will not extinguish. I am loath to utter alarming prddle* tions, but consider it my duty to warn the public of danger which is real, I myself have studied its symptoms and endeavored to guage its force There is still time to dislodge it but there is no time to lose. It is not Bolshevism, it iB not restive demagogy, it is not anti-government conspir acy, nor frenzied Socialism it is an impulsive movement of the masses, stirred by an awakened sense of bit ter wrong, stung by sharp-fanned hunger, irritated beyond control by the ingratitude of society, and stim ulated by the strength that comes from conscious power. This fiery current is surging be neath the thinnest social rinds, and fissures have appeared of late in var ious parts. Venerable Nun Dies. Mere Marie St. Casmir, Religieuse Hospitaller of St. Augustins, Mar seilles, Superior of the Hospital of the Saviour, has Just died at the age of seventy-seven, after more than fifty years passed amongst the sick. She celebrated her golden jubilee in 1918, and on that occasion the administra tive commission of the Civil Hospitals offered this venerable lady the Grand Medal of Honor of the Assistance, which the government had conferred upon her and the president of the hospital, Msgr. Vldal Naquet, felici tated her with emotion.