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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, February 22, 1919, Image 2

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Vol XXXIIII. No. 12
FHE SENATE AND HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES OF PENN
SYLVANIA PASS RESOLUTIONS
FAVORING SELF-DETERMINA
TION FOR IRELAND.
Philadelphia, Feb. 18.—Through the
efforts of Past State President of the
Ancient Order of Hibernians, Patrick
Donohoe, who is Chairman of the Com
mittee in charge of the arrangements
for the .1919 A. O. H. Ball, the follow
ing resolutions, offered in the State
Eenate by Senator Daix, and in the
House, by Representatives Hefferman
both of Philadelphia, were passed un
animously
"Whereas, The sons and daughters
of the Irish race in America are
thrilled with the prospect of a free
Ireland they are earnestly asking
that their cradle-land be included
among the small nations which Presi
dent Wilson has so elequently indi
cated will be recommended for the
right of self-determination and
"Whereas, In all our wars, on every
page of our American annals, in the
very texture of our American people,
the blood of Ireland gleams in eager
service in all that contributed to the
power and glory of this greatest of
Republicans in the great world con­
Duluth, Feb, 17.—A Targe and en
thusiastic gathering of members as
sembled at Cathedral Hal, on Tuesday,
Feb. 11th, at the regular business meet
ing of Division No. 1, Ladies' Auxiliary
to A. O. H. Plans were made for a
dancing party to be given on Tuesday
evening, Feb. 25th, at Cathedral Hall,
the various Divisions of A. O. H. and
Ladies' Auxiliary of A. O. H. in the
city to be invited.,. At tl^e close of the
bnsinese session the Division Presi
dent, Mrs. McDermott, turned the
(E. J. Dillon has for years been uni
versally recognized as one of the fore
most authorities on International poli
tics. Coming from such a source, the
following article is interesting as a
picture of the trend of events that fore
shadow a world-wide upheaval)
(Extracts from E. J. Dillon's article to
the Philadelphia Public Ledger.)
Paris, Feb. 5.—Living in the midst
of a band of eminent legislators who
are generously devoting time and la
bor to the fabrication of machinery
for the good government of the entire
human race out of scanty and not
wholly suitable materials, the histor
ian of the manifold conflicting forces
at work finds it difficult to survey
them all and set the daily incidents
and particular questions in their cor
rect perspective.
The earnestness and good-will of
the plenipotentiaries are highly praise
worthy, but if they did not believe
firmly In the final success of their
undertaking and that the peoples of
the globe are' concentrating their
fondest hopes upon the work done at
the conference, they would hardly
have the perseverance to continue, de
spite the permanent and casual hin
drances that confront them at ev
ery hand's turn.
But parallel with the conference
and the daily lectures which its mem
bers are receiving on foreign geog
raphy, 4$hnography and history, there
are other councils at work, some pub
licly, others privately, which repre
sent the vast masses who are in a
greater hurry than the "political world
to have their urgent wants supplied,
-for they are the miraons of European
vj, inhabitants who care little about
strategic frontiers and much about
the necessaries which they find it in
creasingly difficult to obtain.
Bewildering Phenomena.
Only a visitor from a remote plan
et could fully realize the significance
of the bewildering phenomena that
meets one's gaze here every day with
out exciting wonder. On one
there is the gay Vflle Lumiere, re­
Pennsylvania Asks
For Free Ireland
Duluth No. 1, L. A. A. 0. H. Entertains
flict which recently closed so triumph
antly the citizens and soldiers of Irish
blood proved worthy or their proudest
traditions, the latter having gladly
struck and died for the land that hlds
their allegiance therefore be it
"Resolved, That these bodies, the
State Senate and State Legislature of
Pennsylvania, assembled in regular
session, on this tenth day of February,
1919, call upon the members of the
United States Senate and the members
of the National House of Representa
tives of Pennsylvania to vote for the
resolution now in Congress, it having
been reported favorably by the House
Foreign Affairs Committee, on Feb
ruary 6, 1919, and which reads:
"Resolved, By the House of Repre
sentatives, That it is the earnest hope
of the Congress of the United States
of America that the peace conference
now sitting in Paris passing upon the
rights of various peoples will favor
ably consider the claims of Ireland to
the right of self-determination."
"Resolved, That President Wilson be
informed that it is the expressed de
sire of the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of Pennsylvania that Ire
land be included among these small
nations which he has declared shall be
given the right of self-determination."
meeting over to Mrs. Sara A. Murphy,
Co. President, who presided at an in
formal reception for Rev. William
Powers, the newly appointed pastor of
Cathedral parish. Mrs. Murphy in a
few wejl chosen words introduced
Father PowerB to the members. Fath
er Powers responded with a splendid
talk which was very much enjoyed by
the members. Luncheon was served at
the close of a very pleasant evening.
The committee in charge consisted of
Mrs. CVNiell, Mrs. O'Donnell and Mrs.
Margaret Haley.
splendent, festive and joyful, at the
glorious victory, and prodigal in sac
rifices to celebrate it worthily. Vien
na, during the Congress, was less vi
vaciously joyous than Paris is today.
Princes are honoring the republican
city with their presence Grand Dukes
are generously lavishing smiles ma
zurkas, tangos, and weird Texas dan
ces are executed nightly in the cab
arets of Montmartre, and historic
mansions around the Pare Monceau.
Nay, even in the splendid hotels fit
ted with silver baths and inhabited by
pacific armies of delegates, technical
experts, secretaries and typists, dan
cing is becoming part of the daily
normal exercise.
Long lines of superb automobiles
glide every afternoon and night be
fore the flashing eyes of the underfed
proletariat, transporting high-born la
dies and nouvelles riches and priv
ileged personages to sumptuous res
taurants, dazzling theatres and faerie
ballrooms.
The festivities and amusements on
this upper plane of Paris recall the
glowing descriptions of the fret and
fever of existence in the Austrian cap
ital one hundred years ago. These
people who form the rind of the po
litical and social world are specula
tively interested in the august pleni
potentiaries toiling for the weal of
the human race, and eagerly offer hos
pitality to the exotic lions of the
epoch, to the most of whom they have
given expressive nicknames.
They launch winged words and coin
witty epigrams, characterizing what
they irreverently term the efforts of
the Peace Conference to square the
circle. They contrast the noble inten
tions of the delegates with the grim
realities of the workaday world, which
appear to mock their praiseworthy ex
ertions. They say there never were
so many wars as during the deliber
ations of these famous men of peace.
Warning to World of Luxury.
Meanwhile, the Peace Conference is
secretly debating the conditions on
which these people shall forget their
At the first meeting of the Dail
Eireann in Dublin on January 21st
Mr. J. J. Kelly (Sceilg) (Louth) read
in Gaelic the following message to
the free nations of the world, which
was read by Count Plunkett in French.
The English version runs:
"To the Nations of the World:
Greeting.
"The Nation of Ireland having pro
claimed her national independence,
calls, through her elected representa
tives in Parliament assembled in the
Irish Capital on January 21, 1919, up
on every free nation to support, the
Irish Republic by recognizing* Ire
land's national status and her right
to its vindication of the Peace Con
gress.
"Nationally, the race, the language,
the customs and traditions of Ireland
are radically distinct from the Eng
lish: Ireland is one of the most ancient
nations of Europe, and she has pre
served her national integrity, vigorous
and intact, through seven centuries of
foreign oppression she has never re
linquished her national rights, and
throughout the long era of English
usurpation she has in every genera
tion defiantly proclaimed her inalien
able right of nationhood down to her
last glorious resort to arms in 1916.
"Internationally, Ireland is the gate
way to the Atlantic. Ireland is the
last outpost of Europe towards the
West Ireland is the point upon which
great trade routes between East and
West converge her independence is
demanded by the freedom of the seas
her great harbors must be open to
all nations, instead of being the mon
opoly of England. Today these har
bors are empty and idle solely because
English policy is determined to retain
Ireland as a barren bulwark for Eng
lish aggrandisement, and the unique
geographical position of this island,
far from being a benefit and safeguard
te Europe and America, is subjected
to the purposes of England's policy of
world dominion.
"Ireland today re-asserts her historic
nationhood the more confidently b'e
fore the new world emerging from the
war, because she believes in freedom
and justice as the fundamental princi­
enmity and live in friendship on a
basis of mutual trust and give and
take, and Paris is celebrating the
glorious victory over the Teutons, per
forming the tango and the curious
dances of Texas.
"Observe a measure in your dan
ces, ladies and gentlemen," writes a
Parsian publicist in a timely warning
addressed to the world of money and
fashion.
"Luxury, said Victor Hugo, is a ne
cessity of great States and great civ
ilizations, but there are moments
when it must not be exhibited to the
masses. When the multitude beholds
luxury while suffering, want and dis
tress are prevalent, its spirits rises,
skipping many degrees at once. It
does not reflect that luxury produces
higher wages. It demands, not work,
not wages, but leisure, pleasure, car
riages, lackeys, duchesses. Beneath
the thin crust of plutocracy and aria-1
tocracy in contemporary Europe are
social ,layers whose utterances and im
pulses are subdued today, but wlio
may at any moment introduce jarring
sounds of volcanic thunder into the
musical harmony of the upper
spheres.
Growing Unrest Among Masses.
Indigence has already" made the ac
quantance of the lower middle class
who, by dint of long years of toil and
thrift, had scraped together the where
withal to spend the evening of life in
what was comparative ease before the
war. Families with children who had
contrived to make ends on 400 francs
($800) a year, are now on the brink
of misery, with no relief in sight at
present, and faced with heavier taxes
in the. future.
Lower down are the working class
es, whose abnormally high and quick
ly-spent war gains have come to a sud
den end, and who have now to face
lockouts, strikes, lower wages and
higher rents, and the hardships, these
entail. Tet they feel that the social
system reposes on their shoulders.
Soldiers who for four years at the
front were well fed, receiving coffee-
Ireland's Message Te The World
THE WORLD ON A CRUST OF A GREAT SOCIAL VOLCANO
ples of international law, because she
believes in a frank cooperation be
tween the peoples for equal rights
against the vested privileges of ancient
tyrannies, because the permanent
peace of Europe can never be secured
by perpetuating military dominion for
the profit of empire, but only by estab
lishing the control of government in
every land upon the basis of the free
will of a free people, and the existing
state of war, between Ireland and Eng
land, can never be ended until Ireland
is definitely evacuated by the armed
forces of England.
"For thes$ among other reasons.
Ireland—resolutely and irrevocably de
termined at the dawn of the promised
era of self-determination and liberty,
that she will suffer foreign dominion
rto longer—calls upon every free na
tion to uphold her national claim to
cbmplete independence as an Irish Re
public against the arrogant preten
sions of England founded in fraud and
ilistained only by an overwhelming
military occupation, and demands to
be confronted publicly with England
at the Congress of the Nations, that
the civilized world having judged be
tween English wrong and Irish right
may guarantee to Ireland its perman
ent support for the maintenance of her
national independence."
Proposing the adoption ol" the mes
sage, Mr. Eoin MacNeill said they
were not asking the nations for char
ity, but to perform an act that would
be of benefit to themselves. Irish free
dom was necessary to the peace of
the world. Ireland sought not charity,
but her rights alone. The present as
sembly was more representative, more
national than any other gathering
held in Ireland for hundreds of years,
and proved that the national will en
dorsed the appeal. The motion was
unanimously passed.
ENGLISH CENSOR OBJECTS TO
IRISH GOING TO HEAVEN.
(From the Montreal Star.)
Dublin, Jan. 31.—A book has re
cently been published in Ireland called
"jThe Glamor of Dublin." The author
made a passing allusion to Pearse and
Connolly, "Now in Heaven." The cen
sor struck out the last three words.
sugar, white bread, meat, eggs and
wine in abundance are now informed
by their wives that luxuries like these
are henceforth beyond their reach.
Three years ago beef cost one franc
three centimes a pound but today the
butcher charges five and a half
($1.10), Chickens could then be had at
one franc seventy (33 cents) a pound,
whereas the very cheapest is now sold
at a rate of six francs ($1.20) a pound.
Butter has risen from 2.60 francs to
ten francs a pound, and for one egg,
which is sometimes fresh, eighty cen
times (16 cents) are charged.
Soldiers Growing Angry.
Heroes back from the trenches,
where they received all these things
in plenty and never worried about the
cost, after haying saved civilization
from disa'ster, now find their services
rewarded by prohibitive prices and
positive hardships. Looking around,
they behold processions of magnificent
motors, a dazzling display of fashion
and wealth crowded in renowned res
taurants performing the sempiternal
tango and various dances, and they
ask in anger: Was it for such a so
cial system that they faced death
thousands of times in the mud of the
trenches and atmosphere poisoned
with deadly gasses?
When sickness visits these families,
as it so often does, and medical care
and remedies recede from their reach
and vanish among the luxuries of the
wealthy, the iron enters the soul of
these men and produces frenzy which
becomes epidemic, and from the fam
ily hearth may spread to the high
ways and byways.
For these heroes have no fear of
death, no artificial restraints. With
this temper they are resolved to pull
down the barriers that separate them
from the life that is worth living.
They, too, glance casually at the con
ference and shrug their shoulders at
compromise and schemes that deal
with frontiers, languages and secret
treaties, as if settling these would
transform secular grievances and in
tolerable incongruities into well-being
lb, Nfaru, Saturday, February 22, '919 5c
Philadelphia's Grand Annual Hibernian
Ball Will Be Held on the Evening
of February 24th, Many of the Dele
gates to the Greatest Irish Race Con
vention, of February 22 and 23, That
Has Ever Been Held Outside of Ire
land, Are Expected to Attend It.
Philadelphia, Feb. 18.—The Fifty
third Grand Annual Ball of the Ancient
Order of Hibernians of Philadephia,
will take place in tlu Academy of
Music, on Monday evening, February
4th. The sale ol' tickets and .boxes
indicate that it will be the greatest
ball ever held in Philadelphia under
Irish-American or Catholic auspices.
One. of the city's greatest military
bands will furnish music for the Grand
March and promenades, and an orches
tra of thirty pieces, will play for the
dancers. A special orchestra, which
includes bagpipes, harps, piccolos, vio
lins, etc., will play for the dances of
Ireland. The Irish dancing will begin
on the main floor of the Academy at
nine o'clock, and will be transferred
to the beautiful banquet hall, at ten,
where it will be carried on without,
further intermission until the close
of the festivities. This Ball will af
ford a more favorable opportunity to
witness the lively, mirthful, fascinat
ing dances of the old land than has
ever before been presented to the peo
ple ot this city. It will be the chief
During the season of Lent, the Mis
sionary Association of Catholic Wo
men will conduct its second nation
wide Easter Seal Campaign. The SealB
will be sofd through the various
branches' of the Association, through
other ladies' societies that may be
willing to cooperate, through the par
ochial schools, and by the members
and promoters of the M. A. C. W.
The Seals are done in green they
represent the Easter Lamb holding
aloft a banner upon which the Easter
and coherence. They manifest no in
terest in the plenipotentiaries' work
beyond the desire to see it terminated,
when they expect to take matters into
their own hands and remodel the
world for human beings to live in.
What the Socialists Want.
Like the plenipotentiaries, they, So
cialists, too, desire a league of people,
but unlike these, they refuse to dis
tinguish between the enemies of yes
terday and the Allies of today. They
desire equality, but refuse to establish
it in watertight compartments.
They are organized, their spokes
men are in Berne endeavoring to work
out a feasable comprehensive program
and hold it up to the Paris Confer
ence as the first installment of their
League of Nations. They are fully
conscious of their power and not
wholly unconscious of their responsi
bility. They claim they are ready for
action tomorrow, but are willing to
give the plenipotentiaries their in
nings.
I have talked with certain of their
chiefs and am convinced they will
realize many of the hopes and fears
which are now centered in the peace
delegates, for they see thingB as they
are, piercing the diplomatic veils and
conventions and mean to make a
strike for the goal they profess to be
in quest of, not of vain formulas or
pale abstractions, but of the single,
just and permanent in social life.
They assure me they are anxiously
placating their extremists who await
their orders, but are not certain of
sustained success because the least
accident might liberate the pent up
forces and bring about a deluge.
New Forces Are Ready.
A short time ago all trains and all
work on the Paris-Lyons-Mediteran
ean Railroad were stopped for. a cou
ple of minutes at the same moment.
The object was to give the double
warning that new popular forces were
ready to be unleashed at a seasonable
moment, and that the forces are high
ly organized and thoroughly disci
plined. The principal mechanician
Hibernians Will
Entertain Delegates
Catholic Women's Easter Seal Campaign
4M
Copy
Hibernian social event, noted always
for the magnificence of its decorations,
in Philadelphia this winter. It will
be more than a local function, guests
being expected from New York, Brook
lyn. Jersey City, Newark, Boston,
Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Chicago, and as
far West as St. Paul and Minneapolis.
The scene at Hibernian Balls is al
ways one of splendor, and they conse
quently attract the intellect and beau
ty of Philadephia. At these Balls, as
at no other function, age and youth
co-mingle in nights of joy and festiv
ity.
Presidents of Divisions have been,
requested to send the Committee at
1G(H North Broad Street, the A. O. H.
Club House, the names and addresses
of those of their members or members'
sons, who are or who have been in
the service of the Army or Navy of
the United States during the war, and
will be in the city on the evening of
the Ball (February 24th), to the end
that invitations to attend in their uni
forms may be sent them.
Applicants for boxes are requested
to communicate with Hon. James B.
Sheehan, Past State President, Chair
man of the Reception Committee, Regi
ster of Wills' Office, City Hall, or with
ex-State President. Patrick Donohoe.
Chairman of the General Committee, at.
the A. O. H. Club House, 1606 North
Broad Street..
greeting, "Peace be to you," is in
scribed. Show that you have a lively
faith in the Lamb of God sacrificed
for our redemption by taking an ac
tive part in the campaign, If not by
selling Seals, at least by purchasing
some of them. By so doing you will
contribute your mite towards carrying
the faith to the still, pagan world.
For Seals address: The Missionary
Association, pf Catholic Women, No.
834—36th. St., Milwauke^, Wis.
who arranged this momentary strike
is now in prison, but the mechanicism
is, the papers assert, automatic and
in perfect working order. Statements
volunteered to me by chiefs of the
labor movements who are seemingly
desirous of postponing unconstitution
al manifestations as long as possible,
confirm this assertion, and add that
the merest spark may produce a con
flagration which political formulas
will not extinguish.
I am loath to utter alarming predict
tions, but consider it my duty to warn
the public of danger which is real, I Cj
myself have studied its symptoms
and endeavored to guage its force
There is still time to dislodge it but
there is no time to lose. It is not
Bolshevism, it is not restive demagogy,
it is not anti-government conspir
acy, nor frenzied Socialism it is an
impulsive movement of the masses,
stirred by an awakened sense of bit
ter wrong, stung by sharp-fanned
hunger, irritated beyond control by
the ingratitude of society, and stim
ulated by the strength that comes
from conscious power.
This fiery current is surging be
neath the thinnest social rinds, and
fissures have appeared of late in var
ious parts.
Venerable Nun Dies.
Mere Marie St. Casmir, Religieuse
Hospitaller of St. Augustins, Mar
seilles, Superior of the Hospital of the
Saviour, has just died at the age of
seventy-seven, after more than fifty
years passed amongst the sick. She
celebrated her golden jubilee in 1918,
and on that occasion the admlnlstra
tlve commission of the Civil Hospitals
offered this venerable lady the Grand
Medal of Honor of the Assistance,
which the government had conferred"!
upon her and the president of the^
hospital, Msgr. Vidal Naquet, felici
tated her with emotion.
•ij-i
Ut

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