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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, April 26, 1919, Image 1

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8106,000 Raised in Coast City to Offset
British Propaganda in America.
12£00 People Rally in Greatest Mass
Meeting in City's History to De
clare for Irish Independence.
Addresses by Archbishop Hanna, Unit
ed 8tates Senator James D. Phelan,
Mayor James Rolph, Congressman
John I. Nolan and Other A\
•v., Celebrities.
-Wife of Former Secretary McAdoo a
Spectator at the Inspiring Scene.
Over the top with a eh&er of en
thusiasm that will be heard through
Out America aftd across the Atlantic
to Paris, Willi San Francisco in a gi
Static rally to raise her alloted share
Of the Propaganda Fund established
'at the Irish Race Convention, held in
Philadelphia, Feb. 22-23. From the
"Monitor's" report of the great dem
onstration the following is a partial
President Wilson's daughter, Mrs.
William A. McAdoo, was an interested
member of the great audience of 12,
MO people who crowded the Civic
Auditorium last Saturday night to
give expression to this city's sympa
thy with Ireland in its fight for self
's determination as one of the small na
tions of the earth that has a right to
govern itself. She declared it was
one of-the most inspiring scenes she
had ever witnessed and the first time
she had been present at an event of
The chief speakers at this remark
able rally of San Franciscans in the
I cause of Irish freedom included Most
Rev. Archbishop Hanna, Senator
James D. Phelan, Congressman John
V' I. Nolan, Mayor James Rolph, Rev.
Andrew Carroll, and William H.\ Mc
Carthy, manager of the campaign
fund for Irish progaganda. Califor
nia's allotment was $50,400 and Mr.
McCarthy announced that San Fran
clsco alone had contributed the hand
some total of $105,000.
Archbishop Harina's Appeal.
,$! The Distinguished oratoro of the
evening were inspired by the occa
sion and vast, audience and were
never heard to better advantage. Arch
il bishop Hanna was at his best and paid
:6a beautiful tribute to. Irish woman
hood and Irish chivalry, and declared
th%t the opinion of the world Is that
Ireland must be free.
Senator Phelan rose to the heights
of Eloquence and held his audience
r. in dose attention for an hour with
a masterly speech brimful of facts,
Vf §keen logic and Irish wit.
Congressman Nolan made a fine
impression and spoke -out right from
l^,4^ shoulder. He stated that Amer
ff'J)J lean labor waswlth Ireland to its
straggle for natlonhood'and*he moat
«•, /k, heartening -words had come from the
British LabA* Party In behalf of Erin's
struggle for liberty.
$ Miss Maude Fay of the Metropoll
tan Grand Opera Company and a .sis
T^ter of Postmaster Charljes W. Fay,
pf sang four Irish melodies .that thrilled
the throng.
San Francisco Takes
The heart' of
beats With the
the sea.
?t, The thrfeng greeted' with' acclaim
the flags of America and the trl-color
jy. of the Ifish Republic at the close of
the meeting. Lights were dimmed
«pnt lights' were turned on the
two flags while' the crowds cheered.
With Mriu McAdoo were Miss
Mary 1a. Phelan, Miss Alice Brady
of Washington, Miss Ada Sullivan,:
|Hss Maude F*y and Charles W. Fay.
Mrc^McAdooji^ a guest at the Phelan
Archbishop Hanna voiced the £*p
pealcff the CatKollc clerfb" of Ban
I*anehfcpQ toallAmericafor ^united
supiwrt to the catise of Irish- freedom
at .the h^iWhiij^ of thiB ii^^ meetliig.
When h^ arope to the platform the en
tire throng itfs*
An Inspiriiig
th Mid gave
sevierai min-
there is
yW rsirikse
Joy In tUi,
ut peetim is
ijMO plaoes throufbopt tte ooostry
with Amarica'a ma«nlflcea mlNn
MKT to tear «M Intaa^L
the true American
Irish hearts across
America entered the war, not hop
ing for -territorial extensions or the
subjugation of races, not for gain and
not for any of the things for which
men strive. She entered the war that
men might indeed be free to work out
their own destinies.
Now in asking that smaller nations
be granted self-determination W3 are
asking that all the smaller nations—
yea, and old Erin—be free after 700
years during which a wonderful peo
ple have fought and died for their
national idealism,
Out from thl American heart goes
a peculiar something to all nations
downtrodden. In the 700. years of
Ireland's thraldom you will find so
much that touches the heart, so much
suffering that we in this land of plen
ty should be first to succor and to
help. -y 'i •••?•,. e-X'y
The splendid manhood and
hood of Ireland have given much to
American idealism. They have given
so much that it Is our solemn duty
to strive that site may have and en
joy the fullness of self-control.
America asks that Ireland be free.
Let the word go out of* this met
ing and similar ones to those fy whose
hands rest the destinies of nations
that they will realize and acknowl
edge the justice of the Irish cause,
and bring about the reality of the
dream for centuries of all the Irish
At the close of his talk Archbishop
th&N diocese had deposited an even
$10,000 in the' Hibepia Savings and'
Loan Society during the day ftfr the
IrlBh Freedom Fund.
Senator James D, Phelan spoke„in
:Part as'' follows:'.T' "JL,.
The most enduring force in the
world is the love of justice, amT the
most irrepressible sentiment is the
love of country. .Ireland has behind
it both these idpas, and the only
thing that stands in: the way of Eng
land's acceptance' of the inevitable,
is the proximity of Ireland to the
English coast. She feels, it is stated,
that a country with whom she is at
war might there establish a base, but
there are Irwo things that should al
lay her feara: first, her .commanding
fleet, and, secondly, the proposed
League of Nations. The League of
Nations would be able to prevent one
state arming against another, or, as
it is planned, effect & general gradual
disarmament. The League of Peace,
if properly organized, should not only
give independence to the small na
tions, but be their protectof against
Ireland )oes not seek Independence
In the spirit of 'vengeance against
England for past and present
wrongs she seeks independence in
order to establish orderly govern
ment and insure the happiness of her
people. Order is impossible' uplees
there is conviction on the part of the'
people of the. letftt&fccy'and regu
larity of their government, so orderly
government Is impossible under Eng
land's domination. That has been
demonstrated, and Englaild would be
better Off With orderly government
In'Ireland, than a disorderly and re-,
bellious government imposed upon
Ireland by force, whl:h has been the
coqditlon for 700 years ^|own to the
present day.
Politics divides, cpioam^rce unites.
So Eng&iid's bbjectlfri^tb %hat Ire
land1might-do'ls no argument-against
Irelaiid's indefMiid^nce, e*«n In a
practical^ ariii^ worlAdiy^^roild. But
here we .have the situation, where
England's representatives have ac
cepted the fourteen points proposed
by President Wilson |^e^h«ists tor
a settlement of the
The principal point I* to grant self
determination to the smaller nations.
It does not change the matter in prin
ciple because England is holding Irt
land by force and the other smaller^
natkn^it who
be tfLven the
"J -by qhrmavTagalnst
Ml ftr fofca? When
the fourteen potatt
ske^ Weo«ra«li* M»Hca to
•r-i i^i'i 1
Prof. N. 8. Hardiker, 8peeial Delegate
of lriUia,-to American Labor..,
Convention Will Be One
the Speakers.
A mass meeting of the Friends of
Irish Freedom is called for Monday
evening, April 28, at Stagg's Hall, 322
Nicollet Avenue. All friends of the
cause of Ireland which is now ap
proaching its most critical aspect are
Urged to be present s6 as to make the
rally a large and impressive one.
Friends of Ireland here as elsewhere
must feel the impulse that has been
given to the movement by the mar
velous achievement of San Francisco,
which has raised $105,000 in its sup
port. This is setting a rapid pace for
Irish-Americans in all other places.
But it is believed that equally sur
prising results may be developed, in
other communities as the tide of sen
timent for the freedom of the mother
land gains momentum in its mighty
progress. It is by no means a forlorn
hope—the achievement of Ireland's
independence. On the contrary the
prospect of success brightens as the
days go by. 'At the meeting you wilt
hear many things that are not given
space in the newspapers, that will
cheer and stimulate in the great ob
India's Labor Delegate to Speajc.
Conditions in the Asiatic dominions
of the British Empire, always wretch
ed, seem to be getting worse in re
cent years. It is stated that of the
total population of over 300,000,000,
Messenger Reported' to Have Been
Sent From Peace Conference to
Interview De Valera.
Messrs. Walsh, Dunne and Ryan En
gage the, Good Offices of Colonel
House in Aid of Their Efforts.
The Egyptian Nationalist Delegation
at £ast 'Permitted' to Enter Paris.
Will Sinn Fein Envoys Be Accorded
Same Privilege?,
Paris, April 23.—Great Britain's po
sition in refusing access to Paris and
the conference to the Sinn Fein en
voys becomes untenable on every
ground of logic and fair play in view
of the .objects with which she has
permitted the Egyptian delegation to
approach it. This much may be said
without prejudicing the merits of eith
er case in its desirability or practic
ability on national grounds.
Irish Men May Be Heard.
That there are good prospects that
the Irish delegates will get a hearing
at the Peace conference was stated of
ficially to The World correspondent at
the headquarters of the Irish represen
tatives today.
Frank P. Walsh, Michael J. Ryan
of Philadelphia, and former Governor
Edward F. Dunne of Illinois, the com
mittee from. America, had another in
terview with Colonel House recently.
I am assured that their arguments are
being received more cordially than was
anticipated-at first.
James O'Kelly, who represents the
Sinn Fein Republic here, has received
letter from Bishop Fogarty of Kil
laine, conveying the bishop's greet
ings .to the American delegates, and
praying ffod' to. iiuplre them to what
Is Vight fad beist for Ireland, and to
guide them on the prtire road to Irish
Messenger 8«nt :to De Valera.
.. The blahop's letter Indicates that a
ipessenger was sent.from the confer
ence to interview De Valera, presfdent
'of the' Iriifh' republic? knd says if this
report be troe« If Is "the breaking of
.•the! dawn."
-The American delegates attended a
special fMUM at the. Cathedral of Notre
Peine for A*aerican soldiers and sail
or* At the Roman Catboll^ faith. Oar
dliwl Attette of Paris officiated and tar
/fited the Antertean -delegates, who
vere sepangamled by Mr, Q*KeUy. in
cMe t*B«*ar rails te ki^s the sacred
relies. Five ikooaaad AflMrtcan aol-
Minneapolis, Minn., Saturday, April 26, 1919
Mass Meeting of Ffiends
of Irish Freedom Called
Is Ireland's Dawn of Freedom Breaking?
about 90 per cent depend upon ag
riculture *nd industry for their ex
istence. ?hese workers are paid only
15 bents per day, and must toll twelve
hours for that. Not one-half of this
nt)$jj!ber get a complete meal a day,
for^the cost of foodstuffs has risen
there as elsewhere to such an extent
as bring the laboring masses down
to fbject misery. Periodical famines
claim their victims by the millions,
but^notwlthstanding this the Govern
ment Imposes an annual tax burden
on the wage earners which takes
away about one-sixth of the annual
perTcapita income, which is only $9.50.
The masses are badly housed, badly
clothed, badly doctored, badly taught,
Often over-Worked and underfed. The
natural results of'these conditions are
famines, destructive disease epidem
ics,'hopeless indebtedness, and gen
eral illiteracy. The appeal of this
land of sorrow and desolation is in
deed compelling to all who are con
cerned In human welfare. It is
directed in a special manner to the
labor workers of the world, through
which. It Is expected that much can
be done to alleviate the Industrial
Indian Nationalists are striving to
have the principle of Belf-determina
tioi applied to their Country. They
point cut many ugly features of the
British Indian Code under which they
are .governed that militate against
civil freedom as well as against their
material advancement. Secretary
Hardiker will elucidate these topics
at the meeting of April 28, and his
presentation of the subject will be
both instructive and interesting to
aitf I:\
diers of the Roman'Catholic faith at
tended the mass.
The Egyptian Deputation Received.
Saad Pasha Zaghkel, president of
the Egyptian legislative assembly, who
has arrived here at the head of a large
representative Egyptian Nationalist
deputation, in an interview said:
"We. have confidence in. the spirit
of equity in the conference to grant
us the Independence that we demand.
Our delegation has been constituted
for five months, but the British gov
ernment refused us passports.
"The same obstacles, were offered to
the Egyptian ministers who desired to
accompany us. The entire cabinet
was dismissed and four arrested and
deported to Malta. The agitation that
you now see then took possession
throughout Egypt.
Voyage Is Authorized.
"Later General AUenby arrived,
and authorized our voyage
and to London.
"Our object is to make known to the
conference the voice of Egypt, whose
13,000,000 inhabitants, forming a per
fectly homogenous race, wish to be
Independent. The Egyptian move
ment is not religious, anti-foreign or
pan-Arabic. We do not desire to con
federate with any neighboring coun
try, and :have satisfied the conference
In advance that we will respect all its
decisions relative to the neutralty of
the Sues canal."
to Paris
The Pilot" of Boston says editor
"So much is heard today of that
'Union' between Ireland and England
that it Is well to refer to historians
who have written on the subject. We'
select not one who might be preju
diced In favor of Ireland but the
Unionist historian, Lecky. He says
that the 'measure was an English one,
introduced'prematurely before it had
been demanded by any section of
Irish opinion, carried without a dis
solution and by gross corruption, in
opposition to the majority of the free
constituencies and to the great pre
ponderance of the unbribed intellect
of Ireland.' These words ehould con
vey to those who speak of Ireland's
union with England some indication
of the:pert Inland had is coming un
der English domination. That union
hip beta ajui te a blemish on the hon
esty of Britain and none realise this
better ttMB they who speak of the
sacredaees and binding force of that
E. Copping Tells of Interview With
Irish Leader in London Daily
Watchfully Waiting for Opportunity
to Present Ireland's Case Be
fore World Tribunal.
I have been tip to Dublin Castte.
But following a long, animated and
quite friendly exchange of opinions I
departed still out of mental touch
with the authorities. Since then 1
have interviewed De Valera. This
was before he had entered Dublin.
Through midnight darkness a swift
car took me to the leader..
"I went on this errand prepared with
no.set ihterviewer's questions. There
were but two thoughts in my mind—
thoughts intimately related, yet curi
ously conflicting one, the Imminent
possibility of another outbreak of red
rebellion in this part of the so-called
United Kingdom two, the universal
and unaffected friendliness existing
between individual English and indi
vidual Irish. In other words, it waB
a matter of enduring ponder that po
litical enmity was free from the slight
est trace of personal enmity.
Nightmare Farce.
"Since the personal is necessarily
the real and the political only the arti
ficial, one seems to be looking on as
a sort of nightmare farce. It was dif
ficult not to believe that the whole
difficulty, now apparently at its cul-
touch of healing common sense. On
finding myself seated before the fire
in a little parlor, face to face with the
great Sinn Feiner, I was concerned
merely to project myself into his mind
—to try and see things as he saw
tliem. De Valera is a pleasant man
to talk to. The familiar photograph
carries a slightly forbidding sugges
tion that is wholly misleading. His
is the face of a man that has known
much nervous strain and physical suf
fering but as he talks a very human
light beacons from his eye, and now
and then a little humorous smile pl&ys
around his mouth.
"Up to a point he proved a very
mild and constitutional rebel, with his
eye fixed on Paris. *It is the unques
tionable right of every enlightened
people to govern themselves.' On that
basis he took his stand. 'We demand
self-determination, which will be for
the advantage, not only of ourselveB,
but. also of England. We ask the right
to enter into the League of Nations.
Because England imposes upon us a
government against our will, under
which we refuse to continue living.
Ireland throughout the war has been
a costly handicap and source of weak
ness to England.'
Not a Partner.
"'Why,' I asked, 'did you not co
operate with us, and lend us your
strength, as a partner in the British
"'Because,' replied De Valera, 'we
are not a partner. We are knit to
you forcibly against our will. A part
nership must be voluntary.'
'Yet are there not in this case the
elements of a natural partnership,
based upon proximity, an intermingled
history and links of language and lit
'Of a kind,' replied De Valera, .'and
if you think so then why are you fear
ful of giving us the freedom yon enjoy
yourselves? If you granted Ireland
independence tomorrow, would those
natural links and ties cease to exist?
Give us .freedom—freedom to enter
voluntarily into whatever associations
with England we may desire—and all'
natural and inherent affinities will for
the first time l| free to find full ex­
"'Note,' he went'on eagerly, yet
diclally, 'I promise nothing
prophesy nothing. One
pate at any rate a preliminary pctloii ,rt°'r,l
in which Ireland Will be folly satin sis 'ni/nffislTfTn
ffl -TH4
In merely drawing tbe breath of mi gy ft ffyf At.
clpatlon. But "natural laws, Hiwifc im '"'ffl nflljV HtflHiirtlirft
and righteousness, must prevaikoi Mi mMiiMtave*
and prevail promptly when tlm»
no barrier Imposed on their paW -at
Homely Mrtopher. ,»«„
for Futurel
of. Irish Nation
Ubt ns vet it another mr. tail tfiodw(
homely termB of plumbing. The uirioar !C
between England and Ireland Is a bad
joint. In such circumstances Is it 0%! ,^.
any real use for the plumber to tryv
and amend and adjust and straighten
the piece of blundered workmanship?
No, he must sever the faulty connec
tion. That is the only method of pre*||l!
paring the way for a good, sound and'|%
efficient joint.
'"In other words, the alliance bet?|||
tween England and Ireland has been|||
bungled. We must clean the slate^l
and start' all over again.' I
'But, I interjected, 'if England
granted independence to Ireland *fS(
would there not be a civil war be^ v.
tween your people in the south and
Sir Edward Carson's people in the
"'No, no I think not,' replied the
Sinn Fein leader confidently. 'We
should have but the one desire, name
ly, to share our freedom with them.:lff
They would merely have to make their
choice—to belong to Ireland or to
England. At present they have two
countries and we have none. If thejr
elected for English nationhood we
would be ready to acquire their vest
ed interests. Personally, I think there
would be no serious trouble. But In
any case Ireland would have to settle
the matter herself.'
"Far into the small hours of the
morning we continued our talk. For
De Valera's whole-hearted enthusiast
casts a strong spell."
E. De Valera, M. P., President of
Dail Eireann, paid an informal visit
House recently. He was accompani
by Cathal Brugha, Speaker of Dail
Eireann. Notwithstanding his ten
months' incarceration, Mr. De Valerav
in appearance, has undergone little
change, and he was in good spirits.
He told a number of journalists that
as the Censor would not allow what
he wished to say to appear in the
newspapers, he did uot see the use of
making a statement. How he had es
caped from prison and where he bad
been since were matters which should
remain Becrets for the present
A Visit to Clare,
He could not, he added, make his
plans public for the present. He
hoped to get Into communication with
the people otherwise than through the
PreBB, which was closed to him. A
deputation from Clare, he added,
called on him with a request to visit
Clare. He hoped to do so at an early
date. Asked if he apprehended any
further attention from the police, be
replied: "Of course, they took mo
once, and they may do it again."
"De Valera's message to Sinn Fein.
Headquarters asking for the abandon'
ment of the reception is," says a Dub
lin telegram to the London "Daily Re
press," "hailed by prominent
Feiners as proof of his jaiillwm. aai
his desire not to hamper the Govern
ment, and it is eagerly discussed in
connection with the attitude of the
Versailles Council towards Ireland. It
is described as 'the President's muter
etroke.' ...
A procession, headed by a
raded Gorey on Wednesday
celebrate the return of
era, Mr. J. R. Etching
addressing a. large
he f{
The Sydney corresi
"Dally Telegram"
bishop Kelly, si
rick's Day meet
a resolution in tkvof
tion for Irda#i^v*tts&t Wthe
motion of ^^Ont.^°&9<a«ed
by Pte. tfl£ htn
had a
ft tofir^^fiatoMl^Be«
antiefcl 'hJamimm
Jntf jn

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