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JY' f: „,s. &/ j&M Rrtv* -IP II fe5 ft,*::-' iife 5®:: W. Mi', 1? ^•v'' •fis K'SlS- Mi i"f "•ffi. *r* '8 14 ili* %m0iA $v•& Irish Council The local Government (Ireland) Bill, which proposes that all future council elections shall take place un der the Proportional Representation system was read a second time in the House of Commons Friday night, by 170 votes to 27, after a lengthy de bate, in the course of which Sir Ed ward Carson, joining with the protest made against it by other Ulster Un ionist members, threatened, amidst laughter, that if this sort of thing went on he would beg one of these days, to be a Home Ruler. Mr. Samuels, who had charge of the measure, said the existing system of election caused widespread dissatis faction, and the Government had de cided that the new elections for bod ies under the present Local Govern ment Act should be conducted on the principle of Proportional Representa tion each elector having one transfer able vote. The proposal had been wel comed almost universally by the Irish Press, and there was no formidable opposition. He instanced the success of the system in the recent Sligo Cor poration election, well-balanced, prac tical men having been returned. It was proposed to reduce R. D. Councils by half. Under the existing system the general body of electors had no interest in checking the rates, and extravagant administration re suited. In Dublin the rates in 1914 were 12s. now they were to be 16s. lOd. It was important to have men of commercial interests taking part in the administration, and the best local bodies who would have to deal with millions of the ratepayers' money un der the new duties to be imposed up on them in regard to housing, sanita tion, and health. He did not see why Ireland should wait on England or Scotland in adopting the new progres sive system. He would like to see Ireland in the front, and the system would enable her to express her real opinions free from fear. The existing electoral areas would not be too much interfered with by the I». G. Board. It was desirable that the election should take place after the new reg ister of next October, and not held ov er till June, 1920. Preparing for Sinn Fein. Power was given to the G. B. to appoint persons to discharge the du ties'of the councils, as it has become necessary to be prepared for any at tempt to make local government im possible. Major O'Neill moved an amend ment declining to proceed with the Bill as it set up a principle different from that which prevailed in Great Britain. On every occasion on which the proportional representation prin ciple was Introduced in the last Par liament It was defeated. In theory it was excellent, but in practice it had proved unsuccessful. He did not know whether the present Sligo mun icipal body was any better than the former, but Sligo was an isolated in stance. If it had been a success there that was absolutely no ground for impos ing the principle In the sweeping man ner proposed. The electors of Sligo were consulted before it was adopt ed by means of a private Bill, which was very difficult. The whole thing was an experiment and, in his opin ion, it was particularly unsuitable for the election of loyal bodies. His ob jection would be largely removed If the Bill were applied to the whole of the United Kingdom. He saw no rea son, why the North of Ireland should be subjected to such differential treatment It had been the consist ent policy of the Government to leave Ireland ont of all beneficial legislation which had been passed for the United Kingdom, and It was against that pol icy the Ulster Unionist members de sired to enter their emphatic protest. It was proposed to Introduce the prin ciple into the Bill as to which they had never been consulted.- They In the North did not wish to be dragged at the heels of those presumably in the South who wanted it. The only -possible reason for Its Introduction must be that it was, intended In some war to prevent the Co. Councils in tie South and West being carried by the Fein party. But the Irish represent stives in the House opposed the application of this principle. He appealed to the Government to take off their whips. Turned Down by Convention. Mr. Moles opposed the measure on crouds. In Sligo it was not of election that broke bat the civic management The of Irish Convention that tho Proportional Represen- fc *X^lh effective while the Convention itself confirmed both findings and fell back frankly on the principle of nomina tion. Was it seriously put forward that it would give representation to the 1.86 per cent Unionist minority in Clare? He and his colleagues desired what was good for their country, but he be lieved sincerely that If the Govern ment went on with this mad proposal they would do a very bad day's work for Ireland. Lt.-Col. W. Guinness was quite convinced that the result of the election at Sligo was to give far bet ter representation to minorities than could be obtained under the present system. Sir M. Dockrell claimed, amidst laughter, that he stood that day as the sole representative of 350,000 Union ists of the south of Ireland—the only people on the beach. He strongly sup ported the Bill, and could see nothing but advantage in proportional repre sentation, for if they had it at the last Parliamentary election he be lieved that they would have had an other representative along with him self in that House. Capt. H. Dixon opposed the Bill as an outrage on the feelings of the peo ple, and said the overwhelming feeling of the representative of the Irish people against it as foreign to Irish sentiment and feeling. The "Howling" Minority. Capt. Redmond said it must be ob vious the Bill had In no way received the support of the Nationalist party He supported the Bill, with the ex ception of one clause, in the name of fair play for Ireland. The opposition came from a section of the Irish rep A Rope Ladder Thrown From Outside Enables Them to Scale 30-Foot Wall of Mountjoy Prison—Several M. P.'s Among the Group That Boldly Dashed for Liberty—Crowds Outside Help Fugitives to Safety—Exploit Done in Daylight at Exercise Hour. The escape of 20 Sinn Fein prison ers from Mountjoy on Saturday, April 12, eclipses all previous exploits of the kind by Its simplicity, its daring, its coolness and its complete success. The efforts of "firm and resolute government" to suppress the national spirit have been futile the attempt to imprison It is now brought into ridi cule by these repeated escapes. The latest exploit was effected In the most simple manner. There is no mystery about It, like some of the others. The men were at exercise at the time, and It is stated the wardens In charge were seized and held by one body of prisoners while the others scaled the prison wall, 30 feet high, by means of a rope-ladder, and reached the canal bank. Thence they mingled with the crowds In the vicinity, and scattered in all directions through the city. Among those who are known to have made good their escape are: J. J. Walsh, M. P. P. Beaslal, M. P. E. Collins, Henry Morgan, Sean Forde, Martin Fleming, Liam Tannan, Patk. Fleming,,— Robbins, Dermot O'Shea, Stephen O'Connor, P. Farelly, T. Ma lone, Walsh, P. Fagan, Mahon. Daylight Exploit The occurrence took place while the prisoners were at exercise about 3 p. m. It appears that some of their number suddenly turned on the war dens who were in charge of them, and held them down while their com rades were arranging a rope ladder over a thirty-foot wall. How the ladder came to be fast ened is a mystery, but the first thing the outside public noticed was the ex traordinary spectacle of men sliding down a rope from the top of the jail wall to the canal bank. A number of people quickly collected, and they im mediately set about assisting the fugi tives by holding the rope while they IRISH BISHOPS DENOUNCE WAR 8LOQANS A HOLLOW MOCKERY IP IRELAND 18 NOT SET FREE. Government Excluded From Peace Conference as From War Deliberations. In the course of. his Lenten Pas toral, read in the churches on Sunday, his Graoe, Archbishop Harty of Casbsl says the war was said to have waged to make the world safe for deawcracy and seenre the liberty Proportional Representation System Is Urged—Sir Edward Carson jx Threatens To Become Home Ruler •Jz* O Bill Before Parliament resentation which for the last cen tury had been howling that they were an oppressed minority, and scream ing for fair play. He did not, how ever, wish the same sauce to be ap plied to the gander of Ulster as was applied to the goose of the rest of Ireland. Leave out Ulster—that was the kernel of the opposition to the Bill on the part of the Ulster members. The minority in Belfast, Derry, and Tyrone must be forever ground down by Ulster ascendancy and never, be allowed to have fair registration. The powerful minority from the northeast corner had always been able to clog the wheels of progress. Every great measure of public reform proposed for the benefit of all classes in Ireland was opposed by them. The curse of Ireland had been this ascendancy. Several disabilities would have to be removed if they wished to encourage moderate opinion. Although the Sinn Fein party might for some time con tinue to hold a majority in local coun cils, a handful of moderates with in side knowledge would lead to criti cism and reform, and there was no doubt that modern opinion which was so much needed in Ireland would be immediately strengthened and en couraged. The Nationalists had al ways given the greatest consideration to minorities, and the bill would give fair representation to minorities, whether southern Unionists or Ulster Nationalists. Carson on Home Rule. Sir Edward Carson entered his em phatic protest against this method of the Irish Government of never having the least regard to the opinion of 20 Political Prisoners Escape at Mountjoy were sliding to the ground and then directing them where to go. This went on for about 10 minutes amidst indescribable commotion both inside and outside the wall. There was then a sudden pause, and this was followed by shouts and cheers of derision, from the prisoners left be hind. The military guard, it is under stood, had .come to the rescue of the wardens by this time, and the further escape of prisoners was cut off. Scattered Everywhere. The prisoners who escaped dashed in various directions. Police were soon afterwards on the scene. Traffic on the North Circular road was held up, but the recapture of any of the prisoners was not effected. The rope ladder w'hich was used in the escape was seen lying across the wall at -the canal side long after the men had got away.- It is now In the hands of the authorities. The men, on reaching the group outside the high wall of the Jail, quietly walked away after mixing with" the crowd who came to help them. Some went towards the N. C. road others crossed the canal to Whitworth road they scattered in all directions. They had at least 20 min utes' start of the police. The cheers and uproar within the prison grounds were heard by the cirowds outside. The scheme was made easy by the fact that several police were engaged on duty in con nection with Phoenix Park races. How Planned and Executed. It is understood that the Deputy Governor was In the exercise yard when the wardens, at a signal from outside the prison walls, were pounced on by certain prisoners to whom the task had been allotted, be forehand, and prevented from leaving the yard or interfering with the es cape. At the same time the rope lad der was seen to come over the prison wall, and it was at'once mounted by the prisoners, In a cool and collected manner. A number of the escaped men, on reaching the outside world, departed on bicycles which had either been commandeered or provided for them by accomplices. The supply of bicy Halllnan, Bishop of Limerick, says: 'It may be premature yet to form a judgment, but looking at the situa tion from a human point of view, the prospects for the future peace of the world are not very bright. God seems to be as completely excluded from the counsels and calculations of the peace conference as He was from those of the authors and promoters of the war. If Irishmen rely on the justice of their cause and the guiding hand of the providence of God it we are patient, calm, and confident, avoid those devious, dangerous, sin- I rVj^v members before proceeding to m»y« these constitutional changes. He really did not see, he said, amidst Nationalist cheers, of what use it was for them to come there at all, adding/ amidst laughter, that he was not sure he would not begin to be a Home Ruler one of these days If that sort of thing went on. He had not the faint est idea of what proportional repre sentation meant. It had never been shown, and it could not be shown, that It would be of an advantage to wards either the north or south in re lation to the present state of affairs. The gloomiest picture of self-gov ernment in Ireland had been drawn by Mr. Samuels. So far as he recol lected in not one single place in Eng land where investigations into the system had been made with reference to parliamentary elections were the people in favor of the change. Was it fair to ask Ireland to accept what had been rejected .in England and Scotland, because they though by an indirect method to deal with the menace of Sinn Fein? The bill took away privileges and rights, and dis criminated between different parts of the kingdom. About all, it placed arbi trary power in the hands of an ad ministrative body. Sir R. Woods, in a maiden speech, said the bill1 gave some hope that a way might be found out of the some what chaotic condition of municipal affairs. There was a growing minor ity that considered that the only tests for municipal elections should be busi ness capacity and individual integrity, but owing to the impossibility of get ting such men elected the idea had been given up in despair. cles, however, is said to have soon run out, and those left unprovided for had to make their way as best they could on foot. One of them is stated to have asked the onlookers before leaving, "Who will lend me my tram fare?" The fare was immediately forthcoming, and, having returned thanks, he departed. nMi Their Tbroiwh This Paper tf® •L nm Louis N. Ritten Julius R. Kierski Ritten-Kierski mutnbapolis Stall*, SOth Ave. ITwtt Automatic' 45 49 Tea a*e always ». a '•.-*1/,i"S iff st c* Am He. VM If. W, John M. Beck PICTURB FRAMING, CHURCH GOODS, MUSIC AND PHOTO SUPPLIES 1*01 Twentieth Ave. K*. Merchants & Manufacturers State Bank MT La MILLIONS ARK LEFT NIW CATHIDRAL OF BALTIMORE. Baltimore, April 11.—(By Univsr ssl Service) .-^Two million doUarator the eoastraetloa of a kV *&* Ralph Adams Crams Believes World Can Be Saved Only by Right Re ligion and True Philosophy of Life in Union With Rome. Ralph Adams Cram, the noted ar chitect and a leading High Episco pal layman, of Boston, created some thing of a sensation yesterday when, in an address at the monthly lunch eon of the Clerical Brotherhood, In the Church House, he advocated church unity on the basfls of a return to the Roman Catholic fold, says the secular Philadelphia Record of April 8. Mr. Cram, who has made a file study of Christian tenets, manifested a wonderful knowledge of the finb points of Catholic and Protestant Episcopal theology. The address, which was probably the most radical of its kind ever heard here before a Protestant audi enec, was evidently in accord with the ritualistic branch of the Episco pal Church, which has for years been more and more favorable to Cath olic doctrine, and which, it is ru mored, is contemplating joining the Roman Catholic body through a spe cial commission recently sent to Rome. The anti-ritualistic branch of the Church was visibly opposed to the spirit of the address, though praising its profound theological value and scholarly treatment. Christianity Is Catholicism. In the course of Hid remarks Mr. Cram showed the divided and scat tered efforts of the Christian churches in trying to solve the great and per plexing questions facing the world in the present crisis of reconstruction. He then called attention to the doc trines of the Catholic Church, dwell ing for a considerable time upon the sacraments of that body, which he -insisted were indispensable in the preservation and practice of the Christian faith. He said that without a doubt the Anglican Church had to go back to the tenets of the middle ages, when Church and State, hand in hand, insisted upon the indissolu bility of the marriage tie and when it taught that the Sacrifice of the Mass was the greatest and highest religious service, and that the for giveness of sins in the sacrament of penance was essential to' winning Honk if Immfti The Model Dairy Co. Dealers in Mflk tad Cream, Batter and Eggs Choice Whipping Cream 2982*2984 Stevens Ave. The Kelly Studio G. B. MBLBY, MANAGER 3010 Nicollet Atciu SL JUtbtiy Parish Noted Non-Catholic Architect Advises Return to True Faith Catholic Church Supply Bdlgton Article* «f All KUil Prayer Books in all Prominent Languages Statuary and Pictures RMiriei f«r Special Dfevotteu Orders by Mall Solicited 19S n. HUMfla Ave. Phase T. S. 4197S DIAMONDS & WATCHES Ma* Chan Chat. Olson & Co. ni Staadard Milk Ca see «fth st. ir. r. Watch tor Our Trade Mark on Wagons, Milk Caps and Butter Cartons. It Is the Blgn of Standard Quality Dairy Products. Saturday. April 26, 1919 back the grace of God. Concerning the Catholic teaching of transubstantiation, the speaker said that the arguments in its favor were not to be challenged. The doc trines set up against it, most of which had been set aside, he said, were not in accord with the spirit of Christ and he quoted a number of Scriptural texts to show that transubstantiatioe was clearly spoken of by Christ and Instituted by Him as a means of sal vation. "The Anglican Church," said Mr. Cram, "has not had a right philos ophy since the Reformation. The only way that the world can be Baved at this critical juncture is through accepting a right religion and a right philosophy. It is neces sary to have a right philosophy be fore any efforts of reunion are be gun. The first step for the Episcopal Church to take is to accept the strict Catholic doctrine of seven sacra ments, with the- Mass, both as a Communion and a sacrifice, as the chief controlling doctrine of all, and transubstantiation as the only per fect and sufficient expression of the nature of the Presence of Christ in' the holy sacrament of the altar. The only thing that can save us from a new period of the dark ages is a re union of Christianity on the basis of Catholic theology, Sacramental phi losophy and Catholic orders." The speaker then went on to review the frequent efforts which had been made by the Anglicans towards a union with the Roman Catholic fold. They were always concluded, he said, with certain provisos, and for reason had never been effected. Certain Anglican Bishops, he said, would have liked their authority rati fied by communion with the Church, with the right to do pretty much as they liked. But the Anglican Bishops and clergy would have to realise, he said, that they must, In joining the Catholic Church, become what the latter reasonably insisted upon, devoted priests in the ministry. Bishop Rhinelander, at the conclu sion of Mr. Cram's address, congratu lated him upon its spirit and said he was sure it was greatly admired by all the ministers, even by those who did not altogether agree with him in the final analysis of it. ,ts are Hersia, are Leaden it their Lisa af Boei- Thay ars Anxioua far Year Trade, aad Sattsfe Yaor Frtfmiaa Them, They are Worthy af it By So Defepf Yea 1H7 mofgy rni N.W.] Blomgren Bros. l, a nHMn nm Free Examination and Extraction with Work Ordered. Artistic, Durable Work. Reasonable Prices. 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