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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, May 03, 1919, Image 1

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Impressive Scene in the Great Paris
J^dlflce Described by American Cor
respondent. "Put Ireland's Case in
God's Hands,1" Says Chicago Writer.
Paris, April 28.—The three emissa
ries of millions of Americans of Irish
descent—Frank P. Walsh, M. J. Ryan
and ex-Governor Edward P. Dunne of
Illinois—put their case in God's hands
at Easter Sunday Mass in the historic
Madeline church, the worshipping
place of the immortal Napoleon.
The trio Jointly prayed that their
plea to President Wilson for the free
dom of Ireland, that cradle of so much
that is best in America, bear fruit fin
ally after seven centuries of foreign
De Valera Prepares Plea.
So confident are the Irish of suc
cess that Professor de Valera, head of
the Dublin government, is already at
work on the case he will present to
the peace conference.
"President de Valera will point out
that 75 per cent of the voters of the
whole of Ireland recently declared
unequivocally for home rule, and he
will admit of no proposition to divide
Ireland, allowing Ulster to remain
with Britain," G. Gavin Duifeiy, emis
sary of the De Valera government,
told Universal Service today.
The weight of American public
opinion on the Irish question is being
felt here and it is likely that within
a day or two an important announce
ment' will be made signalizing Ire
land's first great victory for home
Prom out of the veil of secrecy
shrouding this question on all sides
there is but one inkling to the trend
of events. That is the daily increas
ing confidence and growing elation in
lri8h circles, where the certainty
seems to prevail that soon the Irish
delegates will come to the peace con
gress and demand admission of Ire
land to the league of nations along
the lines outlined by President Wil
son's fourteen points.
Walsh Appreciates Aid.
Prank P. Walsh, chairman of the
Irish-American commission, who start
ed the ball rolling in an interview with
President Wilson last week, said to
"If this signal success does come,
to no other organization will we owe
more gratitude than to the great chain
of Hearst newspapers, which, with
the slogan, 'Right. Against .Might,'
fought the good fight through with us
from the start."
"The Irish-American commission,
now in Paris, has already overcome
many obstacles in Ireland's path, and
De Valera and the Irish cabinet now
see light ahead."
This statement was given to Uni
versal Service today by George Gavin
Duffey, corepresentative with John
O'Kelly of the Irish government at
Paris, following a conference of the
American triumvirate, Messrs. Walsh,
Dunne and Ryan, with Col. House.
Since it followed also on his con
ference yesterday with President Wil
son and Mr. Walsh, the statement
gives rise to the belief that Ireland's
peace delegates, De Valera, Plunkett
and Griffiths, will soon be invited by
the peace congress to present a pro
posal for the admission .of Ireland to
the league of nations.
The Ladies' Auxiliary of the Ancient
Order of Hibernians is trying to in
'crease to $250,000 the fund it has been
collecting to erect a memorial to the
nans of the battlefield—the mefmbers
of Catholic Sisterhoods, who nursed
wounded and sick soldiers in the Civil
war. The site for it has been selected
and a design has been made.
It is stated semiofficially on' behalf
I of the Vatican that the Holy See has
?^not given its adherence to the pan-
Christian congress, which it is pro
||||jpo«ed to hold shortly, as the Catho
pIMe Church, considering her dogmatic
§||cluuracter, could not join in the con
*-**gress on an equal footing.
Reeling "of the Vatican is that all
father Christian denominations seced
-od from the Roman church, which des
cends directly (ram Christ and that
flmtm Rome can not go to them,
1'tahi for them to return to her
American-Irish Envoys Pray
At the Historic "Madeline"
Three Nations In Revolt
Against English Militarism
Limerick Uprising 8preads to Dublin
and Kingstown, and Takes New
Turn—Committee to Quote Wilson
in Proclamation Urging Whole Na
tion to Arise.
London, April 25.—The Irish strike
situation is going from bad to worse.
Starting as a protest against making
Limerick a military area, it is growing
into a general demonstration in favor
of independence, resulting in a com
plete tie-up which is seriously affect
ing Kingston and Dublin.
The 'strike committee is issuing per
mits for workmen to fulfill contracts
in exceptional cases, but ordinary la
bor is barred. Only three newspa
pers have been published since Fri
day in Limerick, the fourth refusing
to appear with the caption: "By per
mission of the strike committee."
It is intended to extend the tie-up
generally over all Ireland, backing up
the demand of Limerick and forcing
the 'English Government to withdraw
the military law. A meeting of the
national committee is to be held in
Limerick Tuesday, when it is intend
ed to issue a proclamation aimed es
pecially to influence opinion, in the
United States by emphasizing Presi
dent Wilson's declaration:
"Shall the military of any nation or
group of nations be suffered to deter
mine the fortunes of people over
whom they have no right except the
right, of force?"
Both Limerick and Dublin present
extraordinary scenes of calm revolt:
the people gather in the street's occa
sionally under the persuasion of some
unusually vehement speaker, form a
parade and march a few blocks, then
break up and gather on the street
corners quietly to resume their dis
There has been little tendency to
violence, but on Saturday evening
mass meetings,called by the strikers
a belligerent attitude and
pass further resolutions
outlining their policy. They declared
they were through with words and
intended to carry on the strike until
the military law was ended, obtaining
action in other parts of Ireland. If
any attempt" is made to break the
strike, they announced, they would
meet force with force..
refused to
Limerick, Ireland, April 28.—"The
strike in Limerick against martial law
is the most remarkable evidence of
complete discipline ever witnessed
anywhere," the correspondent of the
Manchester Guardian wired his paper
today. "There is no question of wages
involved in the trouble. It is a strike
of the whole populace against the in
justice of martial law where there is
no crime and no disorder. The people
are orderly and good natured and sing
Irish patriotic songs, including the
'Green Old Flag' and the 'Soldiers
Song of 1916,' and there is in evidence
great sympathy for their cause, even
among the, English troops. There is
no spirit of Bolshevism or socialistic
trend here. The struggle is purely na
tional and patriotic. Many of the
English troops are asking: "What are
we here for?"
Other English correspondents, ex
cept those of the Tory press, are m&k
ing similar comments. Priests and
ministers have addressed the people
frequently. The strikers have out
witted and flanked every movement of
the troops so far. They have issued
their own currency. All Ireland
seems to he backing them.
Dispatches from elsewhere in Ire
land say this'movement is called "the
new'siege of Limerick," recalling the
great figlft Limerick made in 690 un
der Patrick Sarsfield.
Thomas Johnson, the most powerful
labor leader In Ireland, is in charge
of the labor situation. Sinn Fein Is
directing the action of the people gen
erally. Thiers are Indications that the
strike Is spreading. It Is a complete
evidence of the power of passive re
sistance to BkgUsh power as advo
cated fey that organisation.
Vol. XIV. No. 22 Minneapolis, Minn., Saturday. May 3, 1919
That a powerful conspiracy smell
ing of oil is being hatched in the Unit
ed States for intervention in Mexico,
is the gist of a remarkable joint letter
issued recently by three Mexican Arch
bishops now in exile in this country.
Although unjustly treated by the Car
ranzistas and banished from their na
tive land, they still love Mexico and
the people who are under the domina
tion of an unscrupulous and tyrannical
The three Mexican prelates with
true Christian courage and self-for
getfulness call on the faithful in the
United States and Mexico to practice
mutual patience and forbearance.
Thus the Catholic people are warned
against the propaganda to bring
about' war between the two sister re
publics in the interest of commercial
The exiled Mexican Archbishops,
Plancarte of Linares, Ruiz of Michoa
can and Jiminiz of Guadalajara, al
though they have been ruthlessly per
secuted by the Carranza Government,
refused to lend their moral support to
any movement fostering American or
foreign intervention in Mexico, and
have felt called upon to expose the
sinister desigrife of a "small group of
heartless or thoughtless men" who
would-'look with satisfaction on a war
between the United States and Mex
ico. The Archbishops desire that'
"wise counsel should displace all
thoughts of violence in the considera
tion of. such differences as exist, or as
may be created."
The statement of the Archbishops,
dated Chicago, April 4, and virtually
ignored by the American press, fol
"The late war has spread desolation
and destruction over large areas of
the -earth has shaken bur social fab
ric to its foundations has left in a
maimed, starving, and plague-stricken
condition multitudes of our fellow
men, and has filled the world with the
lamentations of the bereaved and the
suffering. As the common father of
mankind and as the custodian of the
Christian world, the Sovereign Pontiff
has appealed to us all in the name of
God and for the sake of humanity, not
merely to bind up the wounds of our
civilization, but, through steadfast ad
vocacy of justice to all peoples, also
to point the way to permanent peace
and good will. Even while we in love
and charity labor to fulfil this duty
which Christianity imposes upon us
and which the Holy Father so elo
quently requires of us, there are oth
ers who fan old fears, and rekindle
old hates. A -small, selfish, but very
powerful minority still pervert and
obscure the interests of the plain peo
ple. The rights of the weakest, con
tinue to be sacrificed to the interests
of the strongest.
"In Mexico, anarchy ip abetted by
a few aliens and our people are an
gered by unwarranted foreign inter
ference in their domestic concerns,
an indignity which a proud and sov
ereign race cannot lightly endure.
The purpose of these activities is
made plain by a press which is filled
with the threats and portents of a
new war, the work of a small group of
heartless or thoughtless men against
our own well-beloved people of Mex
"We, the undersigned Bishops of
The present decree covers five
pages of the Acta Apostolicae Sedis.
In drawing up this document thf
wishes of the Bishops and of Nuncios
and Apostolic Delagates have been
taken into account by 'the Holy See.
Before leaving his diocese for
America or for the Philippines a Eur
opean priest must have the consent
of an. Ordinary to receive him, other*
European Priests Are
Coming To America
A decree has Just been issued by I wise his Bishop may not give him
the Sacred Consistorial Congregation dismissorial letters. This refers to
laying down rules to be observed by
Bishops of dioceses and by priests in
the case of members of the clergy,
secular and regular, who may wish to
leave Europe-for America or the Phil
ippine Islands. As is well known, the
decree of the same Congregation regu
lated this important matter some few
years ago but since theh the Code
of Canon Law created the necessity
for this to brought up to date
hence the present document.
Intervention in Mexico
Aim of Oil Conspiracy
Mexico, sustained in our exile by our
faith and trust in God and by love
of our country, share the hopes and
tribulations of our people. We re
joice in their gladness, and grieve
over their sorrows. And in obedience
to the command of our blessed Lord
and Master, Jesus Christ, in conform
ity with the behest of His Vicar, our
Sovereign Pontiff, and dominated by
our ever vigilant solicitude for the
safety and well-being of those commit
ted to our care, we are impelled to ap
peal to the citizens of the United
StafBB and to the citizens of the Re
public of Mexico to be patient and
forbearing the one with the other, lest
the amity which just men desire to
preserve and to foster should be dis
rupted by the machinations of the evil
forces that are now arrayed against
it. We desire that wise counsel
should displace all thoughts of vio
lence in the consideration of such dif
ferefices as exist, or as may be cre
ated^'between our dear land of Mexico
and jthe land of our refuge. Between
lands linked in a common destiny by
nature and by sentiment, free lands
intended by God to help each other in
harmonf, mutual confidence, and dis
interested friendship, in the fulfilment
of the high purposes for which He
has created them—peace, the peace of
God and the Church, should prevail.
"We, as representatives^ of the
Church which has under otir leader
ship and in our persons suffered per
secution at' the hands of the Mexican
Government, appeal in our aliguish,
Especially to all who are bearing bur
dens unfairly placed upon them by the
Mexican authorities. Before those
who are burdened, we would give tes
timpny of our abiding faith in the es
sejififil justice of the Mexican people,
and our unalterable trust' "in' the ulti
mate triumph of all just causes placed
before the tribunal of our people. We,
homeless shepherds whose folds are
wrecked and ruined, and whose flocks
are scattered. and sorely beset we
who are bound in conscience to abate
no effort tifl the trust' be fulfilled that
God gave to our care we urge mutual
patience and forbearance, for our trust
in the Mexican people is absolute.
And proclaiming that trust before
men, shall we appeal in vain to the
fair-minded moulders of American
opinion that they refrain from thoughts
of violence and instruct their public
in the ways of charity, and of peace
settlement of all difficulties?
"We appeal especially to those in
the United States who in good faith
have made our cause their own, re
minding them that the temples of God
are the hearts of His people and that
the mtsslon of His Church is to create
peace and good-will among men. The
principle on which our Church is
founded will insure a peace of justice,
for the capacity of the Mexican people
to respond to the mission of the
Church is limited only by the artificial
and temporary barriers which restrict
our functions. Finally we appeal to
the faithful in the United States and
Mexico to Join us in our prayers that
God may be pleased speedily to re
move all occasions of misunderstand
ing between these two sovereign
States so that the American and the
Mexican peoples, each preserving it's
own sovereignty, may dwell together
in perfect peace now and forever."
priest's who intend living permanently
in the New World. For those who
wish to pass only six months or leBS
there is no need to notify any Bishop
in America of the fact. In Italy,
Spain and Portugal priests wishing to
leave for the New World must have
phe permission of the Holy See, not of
their own Ordinaries. A just reason
must be forthcoming for leaving,
otherwise no permission can be given.
The care for the priesthood is shown
particularly In its anxiety for those
leaving Europe for a period not ex
ceeding six months. They must have
sufficient money not only for the out
going journey, but also for the return,
and a sum of money must be deposit
ed for the return journey before leav
ing Europe. They must have the nec
essai-y permission from their Ordinar
ies.' S-* l-si'
Freedon of Ireland
In the House of Commons, in the
course of the discussion on the Con
solidated Fund Vote, Colonel J. C.
Wedgewood (C. L. Newcastle-under
Lyffie) referred to the case of self
determination for Ireland.
He said that British relations with
America would be influenced by the
fact' whether they gave self-determi
nation to Ireland (Unionist laughter).
"I am not going into the question
of Irish policy," Col. Wedgewood con
tinued. "I know there are many hon
orable members whose consciences
are pricking them on this question.
"The policy which is good enough
for Bohemia seems to me to be good
enough for Ireland (Labor cheers).
"I do not want to hold down' within
the Empire a country against its will,
or any nation whatever, and the policy
of self-determination constituencies
in Ireland voting as to whether they
would be independent of England if
they liked*—would be in absolute ac
cordance with the principle of self
determination, and would, in the long
run, lead to the obliteration of all the
bitterness and distrust between the
two sister nations and improve our
relations with the great Republic be
yond the Atlantic (Labor cheers).
Winning Card."
"We never need be afraid to give
people freedom. It is true, mistakes
will be made, but in the long run free
dom is always the winning card to
.play (cheers). Our greatest success
in the war was due to the fact that
we gave freedom to Sofith Africa.'
"This lias been an enormous source
of strength to us in the war, but it
has been a far greater moral force to
us^in dealing with the rest of the na
tions of the world. We and America
have good traditions, and we want to
keep them up.
"I want to see us with an absolute
ly clean shield before the league of
Nations, and we cannot have that un
less we give Ireland the same right as
we advocate for other countries—the
right of self-determination—the right
to decide how they are to be governed
in future (cheers).
Boston, April 25.—Among the ar
rivals of the past week on the trans
ports from France, was Rev. Michael
J. O'Connor, divisional chaplain of the
26th Division, former chaplain of the
old 9th Regiment, the well-known cur
ate of St. Francis de Sales ChUrch,
Roxbury. To a reporter of the Daily
Press Father O'Connor said in reply
to questions:
'I did not kill any Germans and I,and
only did my duty as a priest. Our
soldiers are a great bunch of men.
Their like I shall never look oq_again.
I got back to the divisions on Pat
rick's Day after a short visit to my
old Tiome in Ireland."
"What were conditions in Ireland?"
he was asked. He smilled and said:
"That's a long story. I'd like to
tell you. Briefly, I can say that con
ditions are somewhat disturbed there,
Ireland is an armed camp. It seemed
to me that there were as many sol
diers there as there are in France.
Everywhere one goes one sees sol
diers. The country is under martial
law. The young men and the young
women are breathing a more intense
ly patriotic spirit than I have ever
seen before.
"There is no bragging. It is a pas
sive resistance to British rule. There
are very few disturbances except
those fostered and engineered by the
British soldiers and officials. I heard
of several cases of disorder egged on
by the military and Castle authorities.
"There is an attempt on the part
of-Englishmen to misrepresent things
in Ireland. I was crossing with an
English captain to Ireland and he be
gan to fill'me up about what the Irish
were doing in Ireland. When I cor
rected him In a few of his flagrant
misstatements he stopped and said be
guessed that I knew something about
Irish affairs. When I told him that I
was born there he' quit me, saying
curtly, 'Good day/ air.'"
& $
•v? ':3:-••-/•
Cardinal Mercier Is Ignored
by the Oriental Conspirators
English M. P. Urges
:Tf '-f?
5c the Copy
Greatest Figure in the War Gives In
terview to a Catholic Journalist Ex
cluded from Deserved Honors by
French Masonic Influence.
!(By C. P. A.)
London, March 30.—Cardinal Mer
cier, who has retired from the public
eye ever since the armistice—thanks
to his own modesty and the desire of
a certain. Oriental Freemasonic ele
ment to ignore him!—has just given
an interview to a Catholic journal of
the Allies. The great figure of the
war, the Archbishop of Malines,
who is the only great man of his coun
try during the war who has not been
honored with the title of Minister of
State for his eminent services during
the occupation, is missed by those who
know what Belgium owes to him and
his traducers endeavor in vain to
raise a wind of ill feeling against' him
by declaring he worked not for his
country but for the Church only.
The Cardinal told the Catholic journ
alist that he was skeptical on the
transformation of the Prussian men
tality. Defeat, he said, will help to
change it, but a certain force is nec
essary before they cease to be the
men they have shown themselves in
Belgium. They must pass through
a period of re-education, which will
refashion them, or they will never be
a free people. "By a free people," he
said, "1 mean one which is capable of
understanding the nobleness of moral
The Cardinal then described one of
his own experiences of the occupation,
apropos of that remark of moral
"It was at the time, when the Prus
sian governor was convinced that 1
meditated leaving my house to takje
the lead in the popular revolt," said
His Eminence. "I consented to prom
ise that I would abstain from going
out for any cause whatsoever. The
following day an officer brought me a
letter from the governor. The officer
was accompanied by an automobile
full of soldiers, which entered the
court yard of the archepiscopal pal
ace. A moment after, having need to
pass into the opposite wing of my
palace to get a document, I descended
and was about to cross the courtyard.
Suddenly the officer, who accom
panied me turned his revolver upon
me, while the soldiers in the court
yard leveled their firearms at me, evi
dently convinced that I was about' to
try and escape. I took no notice of
the soldiers, but I could not help say
ing to the officer: ^'1 pity you that
you have done this. You will never
understand that' the word of a man of
honor is a surer guarantee than the
bullets of your revolvers.'"
The Cardinal has been invited by
the Minister for Economic Affairs to
assist in ^April at the solemn session,
organized at the Palais d'Egremont
for the benefit of tfie works for child
hood, a ceremony at which the k«g
queen wl11 a,so
On Tuesday of this week the Arch
bishop of Malines went to Zeebruge,
where he was the guest of Admiral
Keyes on the flagship Termagant.
His Eminence afterwards visited
the battlefields of the Yser.
Lack of funds and lack of time to
make proper plans led civic and wel
fare organizations to give up the pro
posed health week this year. This
decision was reached at a noon lunch
eon meeting held at Donaldson's tea
rooms last week. In the absence of
Dr. Henry Wlreman Cook, Frank
Bovey, treasurer of the Infant Wel-./i|
fare society, presided.
Organizations were urged to mnVA
such provision in their 1920 budgetq
as will enable them to get together
next year and stage a health week orllf^
baby week that will surpass all previ
ous efforts.
Dr. Cook will be asked to appoint
one committee to co-operate with the
Hennepin County Medical society in
the hospital week, which it Intends to
conduct here late In May or early in
June, and another to aid in the one
day child welfare conference which
will take place May Xl under the
pices ot the Woman's Commi
.y. 'I

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