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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, December 13, 1919, Image 1

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New York, Dec. 9.—Hon. Daniel F.
Cohalan, Justice of the Supreme Court,
New York, addressing the annual con
•ention of the New York State branch,
Friends of Irish Freedom, in New
York yeBterday, said, in part:
"What consummate masters of hy
pocrisy are the British governing
classes. They have deceived the world
for generations and because of their
success In the past they hope to be
able to continue to deceive the world.
"Yesterday Lord Curzon struck the
latest variation of English Imperial
Ism when he declared that England
remains in Egypt, forsooth, because
the Egyptians are not capable of main
taining a stable government among
themselves, or a government that
could stand aggression from without.
"The same thing has been said
about India, about Ireland, and much
of mankind by reason of the constant
reiteration of these statements, has
come to regard British Imperialism
as almost an essential condition of
world peace, instead of being as it Is,
Summary Shows Tremendous Work
Carried on by Holy Father in Ajding
Prisoners, Sick, Wounded and Op
pressed Peoples.
The position of the Vatican during
the entire period of the war has .been
a peculiarly trying one. While there
were some papers like the London
Times, which loudly asserted that the
Papacy had forever lost its prestige
because it did. not forthwith espouse
the cause of the Allies, the Catholic
press, with a saner outlook upon the
situation, faithfully instructed the
world on the Pope's splendid efforts to
alleviate the horrors of war. In fact,
the persistent, and, in most cases, suc
cessful work of the Vatican officials to
do all in their power to bring hope
and help to the victimB of the catas
trophe, will form one of the inspiring
chapters of the future history of the
great war.
Varied Assistance Rendered.
It would require too much space to
point out in detail the various kinds of
services freely offered by the agencies
established by the Holy Father to as
sist the victims of war. There were
arrangements made to exchange dis
abled prisoners of war and to release
and exchange civil prisoners. Efforts
were made to establish communica
tion by letter with the occupied dis
tricts. The Pope succeeded in secur
ing Sunday as a day of visit for jwar
prisoners. Arrangements were con
cluded for cessation of hostilities in
order to bury the dead on the battle
fields. In numerous instances the Holy
Father was instrumental in securing
a reversal of' the death sentence
passed upon individuals. He assisted
materially in supplying the civilian
population of Invaded districts with
food. The spiritual welfare of all the
armies was of special concern to him
and he made many concessions to
army chaplains.
Help for Belgium.
As the world is most impressed by
material aid given to those in afflic
tion, let us begin with an item of this
kind. On December 10,1914, the Holy
Father sent his first contribution of
10,000 lire to Belgium. The College of
Cardinals added 3,000. On April 6,
1915, the Holy Father made a further
contribution of 25,000 lire to that coun
try, and on June 7 he forwarded 10,000
lire for the re-establishment of wor
ship. On October 1, 1915, collections
were taken up in Spain for the victims
of war and the amount collected was
donated to the Pope, who set aside
30,000 lire for the entire sum for Bel
gium. For the restoration of the Lou
vain University Library the Pope
promised his assistance and offered a*
a gift all the publications of the Vati
can library, as well as other works
which the Vatican Library could
spare.
Alms Sent to Prisoner*.
On the 25th of December, 1914, col
lections were taken np in the German
dioceses, and the Holy Father sent
26,000 marks of the amount realised to
Judge Cohalan at
Annual Convention
Services of the
Pope During War
one of the few remaining causes for
further wars.
"England has no proper place in
Egypt, nor in India, nor in Ireland,
and will, before final peace comes to
the world, be compelled by the public
opinion of mankind, to retire from
those countries, and to leave them to
be governed by their own people in
their own way.
"The English governing classes have
a great field in which to exercise their
talents in their own land, for there
are no people more sadly in need of
just government than the great mass
of the plain people of England.
"We have Just broken down militar
ism after four years of dreadful war
in which millions of people have gone
down to their death and billions of
treasure have been squandered.
"We are now sitting idly by and
permitting England to strengthen and
extend her system of navallsm which
is a greater menace to the liberties of
Continued on page 4
the German prisoners in Russia. On
the 21st of July, 1915, the Pope Bent to
the Bishop of Warsa,w, through the
papal nuncio in Bavaria, the sum of
11,000 marks for East Prussia. On the
11th of September of that year, the
Pope wrote to the same Bishop to or
der the Peter's pence, which was to
be sent to Rome, to be distributed
among the unfortunate people of East
Prussia. On the 23d of April, 1915,
the Pope sent to the Cardinal-Arch
bishop of Paris 40,000 lire for the
suffering civilians of France. The sum
qf 150,000 francs which he received
from the French bishops was distrib
uted in the occupied districts of
France. In 1917 there were sent to
the "Union Fraternelle des Regions
Occupees" 20,000 lire, and 5,000 lire
were forwarded to Soissons. The
Bishop of Luxe'mburg received on
April 12, 1915, the sum of 10,000 lire
for the suffering people of the grand
duchy.
Help for Poland.
Many were the contributions sent
by the Father of Christendom to af
flicted Poland. On the 12th of March,
1915, he forwarded 10,000 lire, the Col
lege of Cardinals sent 3,000. On April
9 of the. same year he forwarded
another sum of 25,000 lire, and to the
"Central Committee for Polish Aid,"
he sent 20,000 lire. He warmly en
dorsed a circular letter of the Polish
Bishops and Invited all the Bishops of
the world to take up collections for the
Poles and to exhorter. This special col
lection was taken up on November 21,
1915, and amounted to a sum of nearly
4,000,000 francs, an eloquent proof of
the generosity of the Catholic people.
Papal Institutions Given to Wounded.
In Rome itself the Holy Father gave
over for this purpose the Infirmary of
St. Marta to the Order of Malta. Other
buildings like the College of St. Leo,
the German College, the Technical
School "De Merode" and the "Massimo
alle Terme" were also used for the
same service. Outside of Rome, the
Papal Provincial Seminary of St. Louis
in Posilipo, of Calabria in Catanzaro,
and the Papal College of St. Thomas of
Aquin in Cuneo, were opened to the
sick and wounded soldiers.
This list, however, is incomplete. In
all Italian dioceses the seminaries
.were used as infirmaries, and so, too,
were many private ecclesiastical in
stitutions.
Bureaus for Prisoners.
After the first great battles had been
fought in August and September, 1914,
upon the fields of Belgium and north
ern France, numerous letters were sent
to Rome from Bishops, priests and
families. They contained Inquiries con
cerning soldiers, whose whereabouts
could not be determined. Some of the
petitions for help In this matter were
sent to Cardinals, but the largest part
came to the Holy Father himself, espe
cially those from France and Belgium.
The Holy Father read them all and
took care to make inquiries through
the secretary of state. Toward* the
Vol. XXXVI. No. 7 Minneapolis, Minn., Saturday. December 13, 1919
Major Is Highest Rank to Which
Chaplain May Attain Fathers
O'Keefe and Doherty Are Majors-
Long In Service.
According to the Army List and Di
rectory, just published by the War De
partment, there are now 111 chap
lains in the regular United States
Army, fourteen having the rank of
major, twenty-four that of captain,
and seventy-three of first lieutenant.
Of these one hundred and eleven,
thirty-one are Catholic clergymen and
their stations are in all parts of the
world where American soldiers are
doing service.
The highest rank that a chaplain
may attain, is that of a, major, mount
ed, the base pay being $3,000 yearly,
plus ten per cent increase after each
five years of service, until twenty
years have been served, when the pay
of a major stops at $4,000 yearly by
law. Two Catholic chaplains, Fathers
Timothy P. O'Keefe and Francis B.
London, Nov. 27.—Father Thomas
J. O'Donnell, the Australian army
chaplain who has been held a military
prisoner for more than a month in
Ireland and in the London .Tower, on
a charge of sedition, was acquitted by
courtmartlal today, the evidence show
ing that he is in poor health, having
been held incommunicado most of the
time of his imprisonment and guarded
by bayonets while-confined to a dirty,
frigid room.
The only evidence against him was
that of a zealouB young English lieu
tenant, Stuart Chambers, who asserted
the chaplain had made disparaging re
marks about the King and favored rev
olution in Ireland in conversation at
a hotel in Killarney.
An important meeting of Catholic
educators was held recently at the
Loyola Law School, Chicago, for,the
purpose of creating a Catholic Classi
cal Conference, to include all Catho
lic institutions, devoted to the teach
ing of Latin and Greek. Bishop Sha
han of the Catholic University was
the honorary chairman, and Rev. Al
bert C. Fox, S. J., president of Cam
pion college, Prairie du Chien, Wis.,
and president of the Department of
Colleges and Secondary Schools of the
Catholic Educational Association, con
ducted the discussion. The following
were present:
Rt. Rev. T. J. Shahan, D. D. Revs.
Albert C. Fox, S. J., Campion College,
Prairie du Chien, Wis. Joseph A.
Tetzlaff, president St. Mary's College,
Dayton, O. Charles D. White, Grand
Rapids, Mich. E. A. Mooney, Cleve­
The first comprehensive report on
the "Direct and Indirect Costs of the
War" has just been made by the Car
negie Endowment for International
Peace and published in a volume of
that title. After taking each of the
countries separately on both sides and
summarizing the total direct and total
indirect costs, tbe report gives the
direct cost as $186,000,000,000, and
states that tbe indirect costs "have
amounted to almost as much
'mate"
Tbe capitalized value of soldier
human life, which Is given among
the "Indirect" costs, Is placed at $33,'
551,276,280. The property losses are
divided as follows: On land, $29,960,
000,000 on sea, $6,800,000,000. Loss
of production Is an Indirect cost of
the war, which has meant to the na
tions $45,000,000,000. War relief added
$1,000,000,000. The loss to neutrals
through Indirect -cost la placed mt
Thirty-one Out Of
111 Are Catholics
Acquitted of Charge
of Sedition
Will Convene Again
During Easter Week
The Cost of War
Was $337,612,542,550
Doherty, are the only ones that have
reached the grade of major.
Father O'Keefe was appointed on
Ifebruary 2, 1901. He was born on
Npvember 17, 1864, and was appointed
from the District of Columbia and is
now on duty at Fort Lervenworth,
Kansas.
Chaplain Francis B. Doherty (major
of cavalry), is the veteran of the
Catholic chaplains in age—and a mem
ber of the Paulist Community. He
was born December 21, 1862, in Massa
chusetts, and appointed to the army
'March 13, 1892. He served during
(the Spanish-American war, and was
commended for gallantry in action.
He is now on duty at Tientsin, China.
Figuring on a basis of 111 chap
lains of all denominations, the Catho
lic Church has thirty-one, less than
twenty-eight per cent, while a census
of the enlisted personnel would prob
ably show a much higher percentage
of Catholic soldiers.
The case has been watched with
extreme interest throughout Britain
because it led to the first courtmartlal
of its kind in England, the Sinn Feln
ers asserting that it was typical of the
tyranny of army rule in Ireland,
where, they say, wholesale arrests are
made, often on the flimsiest pretexts,
tbe prisoners being bunched either
without trial or after long and undue
•Jstlays.
The evidence disclosed that a com
plete and fair Investigation would have
exonerated Father O'Donnell of the
sedition charge forthwith and that his
long imprisonment was not justified
even if the military authorities would
have justified his arrest.
land, O. E. F. Harrigan, Catonsville,
Md. C. P. Shanley, Loyola Univer
sity, Chicago W. J. Ahern, C. M., St.
Louis Preparatory Seminary F. X.
McCabe, De Paul University, Chicago
D. A. Duggan, De Paul University,
Chicago J. A. Burns, C. S. C., presi
dent Notre Dame University F. W.
Howard, LL.D., Columbus, O. W.
Carey, Notre Dame University Bro.
Benjamin, C. F. X., St. Xavier, Louis
ville, Ky. Dr. Roy Deferrari, Catholic
University.
It was decided to convenet a larger
representative gathering in Easter
week, with a view to the development
of an active propaganda in favor of
the classical studies, in keeping with
the habitual spirit and purpose of the
American college, and with a view to
the perpetuating of a truly liberal cul
ture as the basis of the highest mental
and moral education.
$1,750,000,000. Total indirect costs to
all nations, including neutrals, is $151,
612,542,560.
The report was gathered from re
liable sources by Ernest L. Bogart,
professor of economics, University of
Illinois. Estimating the "capitalized
value of human life," be fixes the
,worth of tbe individual at figures rang
ing from $2,020 in Bulgaria, Turkey,
Greece, Japan, Roumania, Serbia and
several other countries op to $4,720
for the United States, where the
economic worth of the Individual
to
the nation Is placed at tbe highest
In addition to the $33,551,000,000
given as the economic worth of those
who lost their lives or were injured
In actual warfare, an equal amount
is allowed for civilian losses. The
number of known dead Is placed at
9,998,771 and the presumed dead at
2,991,800.
New York, Dec. 8—More than one
British statesman has declared in re
cent times that the public opinion of
America would have a great deal to
do with the settling of the Irish ques
tion—which means recognition of the
Irish Republic.
Sir Edward Carson and the Ulster
ites—the bogey men of John Bull—
are exceedingly interested in what
America thinks about Ireland.
When President de Valera reached
this country last June, Samuel G.
Horton, Administrator of the Irish Lin
en Society of 3 Bedford St., Belfast,
was at the New York headquarters of
the company. He was so interested in
what America thought of the Irish
President and his fight for the free
dom of his people, that he forthwith
enlisted the services of a certain New
York City press clipping bureau, giv
ing instructions to furnish him with a
copy of every item that appeared in
The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick,
at their annual business meeting re
cently In the Hotel Astor, New York,
announced their refusal to join with
the British Societies of New York to
act as host at a dinner to be given to
the Priflce of Wales.
Justice Victor J. Dowling, retiring
president of the society, said that in
his letter declining the proffered invi
tation he had state'l that the Fr'^nrily.
Sons of St. Patrick is not a British
society and therefore declined to par
ticipate in the proposed dinner. The
justice announced also that he person
ally had declined an invitation to speak
at the dinner.
By a unanimous vote the society ap
proved the action of its president.
The members of the society considered
On Chicago River, December 8 8ite of
First Building Erected for Religious
Purposes.
The feast of the Immaculate Con
ception, December 8, (patroness of
America) will, this year, take place
on the aspect of a civic festival as
well as a feast of the church, says the
Chicago New World.
At the completion of the religious
services of the day the civic program
will begin with the spreading of flow
ers on the waters of tbe river at the
site where Father Marquette, in 1674,
erected a primitive hut, in which
MARRIED AT WABA8HA, MINN.
A very pretty wedding was that of
Miss Margaret C. Meyer, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Meyer of this city
and Ray J. Madden, son of Mr. F. J.
Madden of St. Paul, which took place
at St. Felix Church in this city on
Thursday morning, November 27, at
8:30 o'clock. Tbe Rev. J. N. Path
dome officiated at the nuptial mass.
The bride was attired In a suit of
navy blue tricotine and carried a bou
quet of white rose bads. She was at
tended by her sister. Miss Susan D.
Meyer, who wore a suit of navy bine
serge and carried pink rose buds. The
groom was attended by George T. Vogt.
A reception and wedding dinner at
the home of the bride's parents fol
lowed the ceremony, in which only tbe
immediate relatives participated. The
decorations were in pink and white.
Mr. and Mrs. Madden left on a wed
ding trip to the Twin Cities and on
their return will make their home at
Wi
Carson's Interest
In Irish President
Society Resents
British Effrontery
Picturesque Tribute to
Father Marquette.
twere
held the first religious services in Chi
cago. Father Marquette had dedicated
his efforts to Our Blessed Lady, under
the title of the Immaculate Concep
tion.
At Michigan Boulevard Bridge.
This hut stood on the north bank
of the river where the abutment of
5c the Copy
the public prints concerning de V*
lera and his mission.
During the month of June and the
first few days of July, so many clip
pings were turned over to the Irish
Linen Society that they paid the dip
ping bureau over four hundred dol
lars for the services, at the rata of
three cents per clipping.
Mr. Horton took the assortment over
to Belfast with him, where they are
probably marked "Exhibit A" in Car
son's cabinet.
The Irish Linen Society, at its head
quarters in New York, declared yes
terday that the organisation
loyal to a man," to the British
pire.
Just how much the more than four
hundred dollars worth of clippings had
to do with the Ulster delegation now
In America, Is not difficult to surmise.
In any event, they must have con
vinced Ulster that the torch of liberty
still burns brightly on these shores.
the invitation a studied insult in view
of the terrorism being carried on by
the British In Ireland.
In his review of the work of the year
Justice Dowling said that the society
had sent the Irish flag to the first Am
erican regiment to reach the Rhine.
Justice Daniel F. Cohalan who suc
ceeded Justice Dowling as president
of the society reaffirmed that the
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick is an Am
trlcun L'VuaniziiUon p.fcd inltmls to rt»
main so.
Besides Justice Cohalan the follow
ing officers were elected: First vice*
president, Henry L. Joyce second
vice-president, JameB J. 'Hoey treas
urer, John G. O'Keefe recording sec
retary, Morgan J. O'Brien, Jr. corre
sponding secretary, William J. Coll
ban almoner, Nicholas J. Barrett.
the new boulevard bridge is being
built. A temporary platform will be
erected at tbe place for this occasion.
The civic program will be under the
auspices of the Perboyre Junior Alt
and Civic League. Mrs. Wm. J. Zeh
will preside. The ceremonies will be
gin at twelve o'clock noon, when the
children of the Perboyre league win
strew flowers on the river. This cere
mony will be followed by a short ad
dress.
Once "Conception" River.
The Mississippi valley and all the'
territories explored by Father Mar
quette were dedicated by him to the
Immaculate Conception until the
period of British occupation. The riv
er, now known as the Mississippi, bore
the name given to it by Father Mar
quette. "The River of the Conception,"
in honor of the Immaculate Concep
tion. By tbe British the river was
renamed and called the Mississippi.
WA8 100 YEAR8 OLD.
Mrs. Mary E. Kelly, a cousin of Mm.
Larry McDonough of Wabasha and a
half-sister of Mrs. Ann McDonough of
St. Paul, died at ber home, 507 W.
7th street, St. Paul, on Friday, No
vember 28, having reached the remark
able age of 100 years.
Mrs. Kelly resided near Plainvlew
many years ago, and then moved to
Kellogg. In more recent years she
lived at Grand Forks, N. D., and lately
at St. Paul. Her husband, Michael
Kelly, is dead about twenty-eight
years.
Mrs. Kelly's funeral was held MOB
day morning, with services at the Ca
thedral In St. Paul, and burial in Cal
vary cemetery.—Wabasha Hersld.
WHY PRINTERS ARE 8TIL1.
VALUABLE.
hHere Is theway this praagraph xxxx
would look if The star weer printed
by the Ltaremry Digests' photographic
typexxxxxxwrtten plan.—Kswses Gttr
Star.
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