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r- *v -V JSN ..v V-t-- |v^. ^W Sx* S* tot ^, V. r,-. fe' f^*"'" ^'•Vr ,'• ,,. ft'H-?. ?Cx#7£v.- J5^§*W* "5 ii gi -.-.• V- iSj. V: rSfcV . &*.?•.- rfe ••m mi. V%t. 4£^~ 7 K*: fir SSVt Philadelphia, Dee. 21.—At the veek meeting of the general committee sC the Ancient Order of Hibernians, Vmposed of the five officers and two additional delegates from each of the ape hundred Divisions in Philadelphia, which met this morning, at 11 o'clock, IB the A. O. H. Club House, 1606 North Broad Street, and which, at present, la making arrangements for the Or der's grand annual ball, scheduled for Pebruary 9, in the Academy of Music, John O'Dea, National Secretary, of fared the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted: ResoIYed, That this meeting of American citizens, representing the Ancient Qrder of Hibernians of Phila delphia, proclaims as' its firm convic tion that the recognition by our gov ernment of the Irish Republic is in -harmony with that political liberality which, in the opinion of mankind, has hitherto dignified America. We call upon our representatives in Congress to urge. the Committee on Foreign Affairs to report favorably, the bill introduced by Congressman Mason, of Illinois,, providing for an appropriation of $14,000 for diplomatic and consular representatives from the United States to the Republic of Ire land, and to vote xfor it on the floor of the House, reminding them that when we, as the Thirteen .Colonies, estab lished a government and struggled for freedom and recognition, the people of Ireland, through their Parliament, ex tended to us their warmest sympathy —reminding them also of the official recognition we received from other governments in the continent of Eu rope, and of our alliance with the gov ernment of France, which sent to the aid of .our armies the-,Irish Brigade, -which was then in the French service. In this connection we beg to remind our Congressmen, that America, on be coming a nation, extended its earnest good-will to all struggling peoples— further reminding them that when, in 1809, the people of Spanish South America commenced their long effort to establish a republican form of gov ernment, they received hearty encour agement on the floor of the American Congress, it proposing, as early as 1810 to recognize the independence of the Republic of Venezuela. In fact, almost every session of Congress up to 1825 was marked by resolutions to extend official recognition. to the re publics which, like the Republic of Ireland .today, had modeled their con stitutions on our own. The official recognition by our gov ernment of all the South' American Republics, before any recognition had come from Spain, which was not until 1845, was evidence of a proper republi can, liberty-loving spirit, American ministers and consuls having been ac credited to nearly all of these nations before the complete subsidence of mili tary effort. Similar recognition of the Republic of Ireland today, the condi tions being identical, is what the Ma son Resolution proposes to secure. We recognized the Republic of Liberia by founding it in 1822, and rec ognizing it, diplomatically, in 1861, as an independent state. The resolution of Daniel Webster to recognize the Republic of Greece in 1823 by the ap -potatment of a United States Minister was a potent erase of the final inde pendence of that nation. The recogni tion of the Republic of Texas resulted in the. establishment of a free state, tfhe recognition of the Republic of Cuba was. but a more complete emula tion of the^ proposal of Henry Clay to accord diplomatic recognition in 1419 to the United States of Rio de la Plata, now the Argentine Republic. These are but a few of the political prece December 22,1919. To the Editor of The Irish Standard, Minneapolis, Minn.' Dear Sir: To make quite clear to subscribers the method of issue and the purpose of the Bond Certificate loan, it Is nec essary, to recall two Acfci of Dail Hnpnn: first: Dan jareaan, .on. August C^jiito^ Resolutions of Hibernians V- dents that legally justify recognition of the*4rish Republic by our govern ment. There are even more powerful rea sons—reasons of inexorable logic— reasons of gratitude—reasons of self interest—of high duty—all warning us that we cannot break the law of equal freedom without transgressing the life-principle of our own Institutions. There 1b actually existing In the Irish Republic a government chosen upon the principle of self-determlna tion. Attempts are being made to deny its functions by a foreign army. America is confronted, therefore, by a challenge flung full in the face of its free institutions, for the govern ment of the Irish Republic was found ed by the will of the citizens of Ire land in an open election and is now officially suppressed by the ruthless force of an alien power. To refuse recognition is to break the pledge made by our. government and to sully the hitherto stainless fame of our Re public as well as to crush the hopes and betray the trust of the Republic of Ireland. Had we not recognized the Republic of Texas the inhabitants of that now happy state would have been crushed. Had we not come to the aid of Cuba its people would have been extermin ated. If we fail to act in recognizing the Irish Republic there will occur still another of those frightful massa cres that have made that country a dark and bloody ground. We bear a responsibility we cannot shirk. We must vindicate our honor or assume a burden of shame. We must do our duty here or we must invite horror in Ireland. The claims of gratitude alone would Justify recognition of the Irish Re public. Long before there were any thoughts of revolution in America the principles of human freedom were enunciated by William Molyneaux, of Dublin. His declaration, as early as 1696, was made immortal when it was written into our own Declaration of Independence eighty years later. The first humanitarian effort the Irish people made to express their sympathy with America was when a shipload! of supplies was sent from Dublin, in 1630, to relieve a famine in Massachusetts. And there have since been countless ships bearing more precious cargoes to these shores —cargoes of flesh and, blood, to be cemented to the fate of freedom, and to die by hundreds of thousands in its defense. Enlightened men yearn for the world-wide reign of peace. But there can be neither peace nor harmony in this world as long as despotism gen erates the crimes it suppresses. Dis sension within a nation is invariably caused by repression of public senti ment, and the example of Ireland is not without significance when we re flect upon the Immense masses of sympathizers with Irish aspirations among the citizenship of America and hear the mighty voice crying for rec ognition of the Irish Republic as a first step toward a righteous league of nations. Resolved, That copies of 'the fore going resolutions, signed by the of ficers of this representative body of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, namely, Joseph McLaughlin, former Congressman, and a National Director of the Order, Chairman Francis S. Clark, State Secretary, Friends of Irish Freedom, Vice-Chairman Peter J. Higgins and George F. Douglas, Secretaries, and John Hogan, Treas urer, be sent to all the members of the United States Congress. Philadelphia, December 21, 1919. Dail Eireann 20th,. 1919, unanimously authorized the issue of a loan In the U. S. A. This loan is in addition to an internal loan already subscribed in Ireland, and both are for the purpose of carrying on the government of the Republic of Ireland. Secondly Dail -'Eireann, on July 17, 1918, appointed three trustees: Eamon de Valera, president of the Re (Contfnned on page 4) Vol. XXXV. No. 9 Minneapolis, Minn., Saturday. January 3, 1920 Daniel T. O'Connell, director of the Irish National Bureau, today issued the following statement in regard to the Lloyd George bill for the proposed government of. Ireland. Americans should not be deceived by references to America which Lloyd George makes in attempting to hare it appear that the measure for gov erning Ireland which he offered in British Parliament yesterday is mod eled after the government of the United States. It is an insult to Amer ica to term the Lloyd George bill American in its form or substance. Let Americans ask themselves what would have been the answer of Wash ington, Jefferson, Hamilton, Otis, Adams, Hancock, Carroll, General Sul livan, General Stark and the other Revolutionary patriots, if in the midst of their struggle for the freedom and independence of the government pro claimed by the Declaration of Inde pendence, a proposal such as Lloyd George's for the governing of the American colonies had been submitted to them by George III and his cabinet. It would have been spurned with righteous indignation. Would Washington and his com rades have assented to a government (1) that gave a veto to the English ministry (2) that gav.e to England the right to supervise the collection and application of customs moneys (3) that divided the thirteen colonies into two parts, with both parts obliged to elect representatives to the British Parliament (4) that would have seg regated one section of the country into a state where all the Tories could reside and glory in English rule and mock American patriotism and love of lib rt .... Would Canada or Australia accept such a. government as is now pro posed for Ireland? Washington, at Valley Forge, was Final arrangements for "Irish Loan Week," January 17-28, were completed at a meeting of the chairmen of the various state branches of the Ameri can Commission on Irish Independ ence in Washington on Friday last and only one thing remains necessary to make the people of Ireland happy and the British Government mad on Janu ary 27. That one thing is WORK. Frank P. Walsh, chairman of the American Commission, presided over the meeting in Washington and sub mitted to the assembled leaders the plans that have been worked out for the success of the Irish Republic Bond Certificate Drive. Of particular in terest was the form of -campaign that has been evolved. In brief the caift paign will be carried on by areas rather than by communities or by sep arate organizations. All organizations in a given area will co-operate and work as a single unit, each being rep resented on the central committee for the area. Enthusiastic commendation of this method of covering the country was expressed by the chairmen and it was given their unanimous approval. In a statement in New York upon his return from Washington, Mr. Walsh said that his talks with the various chairmen lead him to expect that the Drive will reveal a sentiment in favor of Irish Independence on the part of the American people that will reverberate in the sacred halls of No 10 Downing Street. "And if the people in Ireland needed any encouragement," he said, "they will get it when the Drive is oter. But anyone who reads even what the British Government permits to come out of Ireland knows that It is not en couragement that tbe people of Ire land needs so mnch as the material assistance necessary to facilitate the functioning of the Government they have established. "A multitude of meetings through out the country are being planned by the state chairman and the commit tees working under their direction for the week of January 17-26 and I am sure that Che educational benefit of' the drive to the American people will be as great as the satisfaction all lor* ers of liberty will get from knowing that they have worked in the Cause of Liberty in Ireland." A number of speakers will jo forth Americans Should Not be Deceived W^W1- sswaK.-"7s 7 subjected to more criticism by the Tories of his day than is Ireland to day by those who believe that she cannot win independence. Thank God he was not fainthearted! Discourage ment did not sway his inflexible will. He remained true to principle—to the love of liberty and Independence. It required seven years for Wash ington and his fellow patriots to win recognition of the new nation. The Irish Parliament (Dail Eireann) has not yet rounded out the first year of its existence. At the end of the first year Washington was urged to submit to the English. Again and again Eng land sought to divide the colonists. Americans can with profit, in con sidering the Lloyd George proposals, and the right of Ireland to insist on complete independence, read the words of Washington written at Mt. Vernon in 1788: "Patriots of Ireland! Champions of liberty in all lands! Be strong in hope! Your cause is identical with mine. You are calumniated in your day I was misrepresented by the loy alists of my day. Had I failed, the scaffold would be my doom. But now my enemies pay me honor. Had I failed I would have deserved the same honor. I stood true to my cause, even when victory had fled. In that I mer ited success. You must act likewise." Americans, I am sure, will see clear ly that there is nothing in the Lloyd George bill that offers resemblance to the American form of government, and which promises an enjoyment of those liberties so precious to the American heart. Ireland has today an independ ent, self-determined government. The independent government has been functioning, and will continue U» func tion. Ireland has not yet reached her Valley Forge. Her patriots will be guided by the example of Washington and the American patriots of '76. from New York about January 1 to address meetings in various sections of the country. It is possible that Frank P. Walsh, Harry J. Boland, member of the Dail Eireann and sec retary of the Sinn Fein organization, and Lindsay Crawford, editor of the Toronto Statesman and former presi dent of the Independent Order of Orangemen, will start from Chicago and visit cities in the middle western states. New Jersey and Pennsylvania will very likely be toured by Major Eugene F. Kinkead, of Jersey City, Judge Eugene C*. Bonniwell and Joseph P. McGarrity of Philadelphia, and Liam Mellows, member of the Dail Eireann and Commandant of the Irish Volunteers. Former Congressman W. Bourke Cockran, Judge Daniel F. Co halon, James Burke, member of Dail Eireann, and other speakers will tour New York State. President DeValera, at present in Washington, will speak in Buffalo on December 23rd and at Albany and Rochester on -dates not finally settled upon. Early in the new year he will visit Worcester and Springfield, Mass., and Hartford and New Haven, Conn. It has been announced at the head quarters of the American Commission on Irish. Independence in New York that city chairmen may open the cam paign at their own discretion where the organization is complete. Another announcement is that mon ey will be received at National Head quarters, 411 Fifth Avenue, New York, and will be credited to the state from which it comes to make up the quota of that state. Liberty Bonds will be accepted at par for the Irish Republic Bond Cer tificates. In several states tbe organizing committees have appealed to all friends of Irish Liberty to consider an Irish Bond Certificate as a Christmas gift to their friends or relatives In the Motherland. Nothing will do more to prove to the folks hack home that they have not been forgotten In their hour of heroic stttoggle. All workers In the Drive should bear constantly in mind the following: For practical purposes, the fond would Immediately assure the amelior ation of hard conditions in the Mother land In the way of setting up arbitra tion tribunals and in establishing a American Commission on Irish Independence 'irt' Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Veterans and Plain Citizens Compel Suppres slon of Mongrel Banner In Which the British Union Jack Is Paintfed Over the Stripes of Old Glory— Shaemas O'Sheel Arouses Citizens and Compels Action. Washington, D. C., Dec. 29.—Un patriotic shopkeepers can no longer sell nor thoughtless citizens buy the so-called "Humanity Flag" in the Na tional Capital, according to an opinion rendered by Assistant District Attor ney Ralph Given. The "Humanity Flag" is a hideous mongrel in which the Stars and Stripes are combined with the French tricolor and the British Union Jack. The ground on which the stars are displayed is made to imitate the French flag, but this is only camou flage for the real purpose of the mon grel banner, which is to exalt the Union Jack. Over every red stripe of Old Glory there is painted a con tinuous line of miniature British em blems, probably a hundred in all. The "Humanity Flag" is published both as a silk flag and as an imitation oil painting, by the Muirhead-Winter Company, 200 Fifth Avenue, New York, and to the shame of American citizens, the U. S. Patent Office has granted them a patent on this gross violation of the law against the dese cration of the American flag. Mr. Shaemas O'Sheel, of New York, who has had copies of this insulting bit of British propaganda removed from display in his native city, saw one last Saturday in the window of a novelty shop on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington. Upon requesting its re iVinvp.i ho 'van. fr^Hhiv ejected. Tak ing his stand before the show window, Mr. O'Sheel called on passing citizens to stop and protest against the insult to their flag. The proprietor of the national civil service system by which the Irish people at home could carry on their educational and civil affairs without recourse to courts of law as now established. Among the other practical uses to which the Bond can be applied at once, President DeValera enumerates the following: The establishment of consular ser vices to promote Irish trade and com merce. The fostering, of Irish industries, e. g., the development of Irish sea fish eries, the appointment of a commis sion to hold public inquiries into and report upon the industrial resources and possibilities of the country. The establishment of a land mort gage loan bank to finance the resettle ment of untenanted lands. The encouragement of reforestation. In short, tbe fund is to be used sole ly for Ireland's good and Ireland's de velopment and every dollar scrupu lously accounted for to the Dail Eireann. Following is the list of chairmen in charge of the Drive in their respec tive states: State Chairmen. Alabama—Frank J. Thompson, 65 St. Francis St. Arizona— Arkansas—James E. Gray, Gans Build ing, Little Rock. California—Judge Bernard J. Flood, City Hall, San Francisco. Colorado— Connecticut—John J. Splaln, Bijou Theatre, New Haven. Delaware—John F. Malloy, 1402 Ford Building, Wilmington. District of Colombia—Wm. M. Phelan, Washington Savings Bank, Wash ington. Florida— Georgia—E. .J. O'Connor, 1320 .Green St, Augusta. Idaho—J. J. McCue, Idaho Building, Boise City. Illinois—Richard W. Wolfe, 6344 South Michigan Avenne, Chicago. Indiana—Judge James E. Deery, 312 Law Building, Indianapolis. Iowa—Dr. Wm. P. Slattery, 9th and Locust Sts., Dubuque. Kansas—Judge If. J. Manning, i70g Central Avenue, Kansas City. Kentucky—Thos. V. Maguire, Louis ville 7 Co., Louisville. Tonisiana—A. '•5. Williams, .w* «SJwr "^'sr: Old Glory Cannot Be Desecrated «*-*SS iQT^ toWCM- **&& 5c the Cur shop, aided by tie owner ef shop next door, who boasted that also sold the "Hmnanity Flag ened him with aesault, hat Mr. refused to be led Into a fight. a crowd had collected, he sent for police. The officer who responded ge». cured a copy of the offensive picture and, accompanied by a giqtt crowd of indignant cltisens, took Jt to the First Precinct Police StatKnk for an opinion. The police authorities referred the matter to the District At torney's office, whither Officer Dowas and Mr. O'Sheel proceeded followed by a large number of soldiera, sailors and marines in uniform, demobilised veterans and other citizens, men a,a women. Assistant District Attoryy Givens quickly decided that the non* grel device was a plain violation at the statute against marking or die hguring the American flag, and in 9 spouse to Mr. O'Sheel's demand, proa ised to notify the District of Columbia police to that effect. The informal vigilance committee hastened back to the shops where the flag was displayed. The first shop keeper, surrounded by angry and de cidedly brawny and two-fisted soldiers and sailors, quickly removed the of fending picture from his window and lore it up. Meanwhile Officer Downs had secured a formal order which he served upon the second shopkeeper, and the "Humanity Rag" was removed from that window to the loud and sarcastic cheers of a crowd of thro hundred aroused Americans. time to time Mr. O'Sheel addressed the assemblage, evoking truly Ameil can responses. "Tbe Stars and Stripes are good enough for us," "We have only one flag," "That isn't th$ Sag we fought for in France," were some of the sentiments voiced. There was much bitterness against England (Continued on page 4) Blanche Building, New Orleans. Maine— Maryland—M. P. Kehoe, Equitable Building, Baltimore. Massachusetts—John F. I-larrigan, High St., Worcester. Michigan—Patrick J. Murphy, ..Buhl' Block, Detroit. Minnesota—M. T. Foley, .. pilflllaa Block, St. PauL Mississippi—W. J. Vollor, First Na tional Bank Building, Vieksburg. Missouri—A. J. Donnelly, 3846 LlndsB Blvd., St. Louis. Montana—James E. Murray, 35 Noftk Main St., Butte. Nebraska—Col. P. S. Heafey, 2611 Farnum St., Omaha. Nevada— New Hampshire—James J. Griffin, TS9 Beach St.', Manchester. New Jersey— New York—W. Bourke'Cockran, IM Broadway, New York City. North Carolina—Dr. John S. Clifford, 609 Commercial Bank Bidg., Char lotte. North Dakota—Hon. John Carmody, S. Huntington Block, Fargo. Ohio—M. P. Mooney, Society Savings Bank, Cleveland. Oklahoma—Arthur P. Sweeney, IM Robinson Building, Tulsa. Oregon—Dr. Andrew C. Smith, Mes cal Building, Portland. Pennsylvania—Hon. Eugene TTtru well, 690 City Hall, Philadelphia. Rhode Island—Cornelius C. Moore, -Thomas St., Newport. South Carolina—Hon. John P. CMfo 45 Broad St, Charleston. South Dakota— Tennessee—Edward F. Walsh, fM Market St., KaoxvlDe. Utah—Thomas Magfanhi, Becles Ogden. Vermont—Dr. John J. Derven, ney. Virginia—Daniel O. OTFlaherty, ill Mutual Buildiag, Hlrlmd. Washington—G. P. Plea son, 2nd a Madison Sts., Seattle. West Virginia—nmothy Huntington. Wisconsin—Joeeyh P. ll|p First Natifna! "Sfe. a a.