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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, January 03, 1920, Image 1

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Philadelphia, Dee. 21.—At the veek
meeting of the general committee
sC the Ancient Order of Hibernians,
Vmposed of the five officers and two
additional delegates from each of the
ape hundred Divisions in Philadelphia,
which met this morning, at 11 o'clock,
IB the A. O. H. Club House, 1606 North
Broad Street, and which, at present,
la making arrangements for the Or
der's grand annual ball, scheduled for
Pebruary 9, in the Academy of Music,
John O'Dea, National Secretary, of
fared the following resolutions, which
were unanimously adopted:
ResoIYed, That this meeting of
American citizens, representing the
Ancient Qrder of Hibernians of Phila
delphia, proclaims as' its firm convic
tion that the recognition by our gov
ernment of the Irish Republic is in
-harmony with that political liberality
which, in the opinion of mankind, has
hitherto dignified America.
We call upon our representatives in
Congress to urge. the Committee on
Foreign Affairs to report favorably,
the bill introduced by Congressman
Mason, of Illinois,, providing for an
appropriation of $14,000 for diplomatic
and consular representatives from the
United States to the Republic of Ire
land, and to vote
it on the floor of
the House, reminding them that when
we, as the Thirteen .Colonies, estab
lished a government and struggled for
freedom and recognition, the people of
Ireland, through their Parliament, ex
tended to us their warmest sympathy
—reminding them also of the official
recognition we received from other
governments in the continent of Eu
rope, and of our alliance with the gov
ernment of France, which sent to the
aid of .our armies the-,Irish Brigade,
-which was then in the French service.
In this connection we beg to remind
our Congressmen, that America, on be
coming a nation, extended its earnest
good-will to all struggling peoples—
further reminding them that when, in
1809, the people of Spanish South
America commenced their long effort
to establish a republican form of gov
ernment, they received hearty encour
agement on the floor of the American
Congress, it proposing, as early as
1810 to recognize the independence of
the Republic of Venezuela. In fact,
almost every session of Congress up
to 1825 was marked by resolutions to
extend official recognition. to the re
publics which, like the Republic of
Ireland .today, had modeled their con
stitutions on our own.
The official recognition by our gov
ernment of all the South' American
Republics, before any recognition had
come from Spain, which was not until
1845, was evidence of a proper republi
can, liberty-loving spirit, American
ministers and consuls having been ac
credited to nearly all of these nations
before the complete subsidence of mili
tary effort. Similar recognition of the
Republic of Ireland today, the condi
tions being identical, is what the Ma
son Resolution proposes to secure.
We recognized the Republic of
Liberia by founding it in 1822, and rec
ognizing it, diplomatically, in 1861, as
an independent state. The resolution
of Daniel Webster to recognize the
Republic of Greece in 1823 by the ap
-potatment of a United States Minister
was a potent erase of the final inde
pendence of that nation. The recogni
tion of the Republic of Texas resulted
in the. establishment of a free state,
tfhe recognition of the Republic of
Cuba was. but a more complete emula
tion of the^ proposal of Henry Clay to
accord diplomatic recognition in 1419
to the United States of Rio de la Plata,
now the Argentine Republic. These
are but a few of the political prece­
December 22,1919.
To the Editor of
The Irish Standard,
Minneapolis, Minn.'
Dear Sir:
To make quite clear to subscribers
the method of issue and the purpose
of the Bond Certificate loan, it Is nec
essary, to recall two Acfci of Dail
first: Dan jareaan, .on. August
Resolutions of
dents that legally justify recognition
of the*4rish Republic by our govern
There are even more powerful rea
sons—reasons of inexorable logic—
reasons of gratitude—reasons of self
interest—of high duty—all warning us
that we cannot break the law of equal
freedom without transgressing the
life-principle of our own Institutions.
There 1b actually existing In the
Irish Republic a government chosen
upon the principle of self-determlna
tion. Attempts are being made to
deny its functions by a foreign army.
America is confronted, therefore, by
a challenge flung full in the face of
its free institutions, for the govern
ment of the Irish Republic was found
ed by the will of the citizens of Ire
land in an open election and is now
officially suppressed by the ruthless
force of an alien power. To refuse
recognition is to break the pledge
made by our. government and to sully
the hitherto stainless fame of our Re
public as well as to crush the hopes
and betray the trust of the Republic
of Ireland.
Had we not recognized the Republic
of Texas the inhabitants of that now
happy state would have been crushed.
Had we not come to the aid of Cuba
its people would have been extermin
ated. If we fail to act in recognizing
the Irish Republic there will occur
still another of those frightful massa
cres that have made that country a
dark and bloody ground. We bear a
responsibility we cannot shirk. We
must vindicate our honor or assume
a burden of shame. We must do our
duty here or we must invite horror in
The claims of gratitude alone would
Justify recognition of the Irish Re
public. Long before there were any
thoughts of revolution in America the
principles of human freedom were
enunciated by William Molyneaux, of
Dublin. His declaration, as early as
1696, was made immortal when it was
written into our own Declaration of
Independence eighty years later.
The first humanitarian effort the
Irish people made to express their
sympathy with America was when a
shipload! of supplies was sent from
Dublin, in 1630, to relieve a famine
in Massachusetts. And there have
since been countless ships bearing
more precious cargoes to these shores
—cargoes of flesh and, blood, to be
cemented to the fate of freedom, and
to die by hundreds of thousands in its
Enlightened men yearn for the
world-wide reign of peace. But there
can be neither peace nor harmony in
this world as long as despotism gen
erates the crimes it suppresses. Dis
sension within a nation is invariably
caused by repression of public senti
ment, and the example of Ireland is
not without significance when we re
flect upon the Immense masses of
sympathizers with Irish aspirations
among the citizenship of America and
hear the mighty voice crying for rec
ognition of the Irish Republic as a
first step toward a righteous league
of nations.
Resolved, That copies of 'the fore
going resolutions, signed by the of
ficers of this representative body of
the Ancient Order of Hibernians,
namely, Joseph McLaughlin, former
Congressman, and a National Director
of the Order, Chairman Francis S.
Clark, State Secretary, Friends of
Irish Freedom, Vice-Chairman Peter
J. Higgins and George F. Douglas,
Secretaries, and John Hogan, Treas
urer, be sent to all the members of
the United States Congress.
Philadelphia, December 21, 1919.
Dail Eireann
20th,. 1919, unanimously authorized the
issue of a loan In the U. S. A. This
loan is in addition to an internal loan
already subscribed in Ireland, and
both are for the purpose of carrying
on the government of the Republic of
Secondly Dail -'Eireann, on July
17, 1918, appointed three trustees:
Eamon de Valera, president of the Re
(Contfnned on page 4)
Vol. XXXV. No. 9 Minneapolis, Minn., Saturday. January 3, 1920
Daniel T. O'Connell, director of the
Irish National Bureau, today issued
the following statement in regard to
the Lloyd George bill for the proposed
government of. Ireland.
Americans should not be deceived
by references to America which Lloyd
George makes in attempting to hare
it appear that the measure for gov
erning Ireland which he offered in
British Parliament yesterday is mod
eled after the government of the
United States. It is an insult to Amer
ica to term the Lloyd George bill
American in its form or substance.
Let Americans ask themselves what
would have been the answer of Wash
ington, Jefferson, Hamilton, Otis,
Adams, Hancock, Carroll, General Sul
livan, General Stark and the other
Revolutionary patriots, if in the midst
of their struggle for the freedom and
independence of the government pro
claimed by the Declaration of Inde
pendence, a proposal such as Lloyd
George's for the governing of the
American colonies had been submitted
to them by George III and his cabinet.
It would have been spurned with
righteous indignation.
Would Washington and his com
rades have assented to a government
(1) that gave a veto to the English
ministry (2) that gav.e to England
the right to supervise the collection
and application of customs moneys
(3) that divided the thirteen colonies
into two parts, with both parts obliged
to elect representatives to the British
Parliament (4) that would have seg
regated one section of the country
into a state where all the Tories could
reside and glory in English rule and
mock American patriotism and love of
lib rt
Would Canada or Australia accept
such a. government as is now pro
posed for Ireland?
Washington, at Valley Forge, was
Final arrangements for "Irish Loan
Week," January 17-28, were completed
at a meeting of the chairmen of the
various state branches of the Ameri
can Commission on Irish Independ
ence in Washington on Friday last and
only one thing remains necessary to
make the people of Ireland happy and
the British Government mad on Janu
ary 27. That one thing is WORK.
Frank P. Walsh, chairman of the
American Commission, presided over
the meeting in Washington and sub
mitted to the assembled leaders the
plans that have been worked out for
the success of the Irish Republic Bond
Certificate Drive. Of particular in
terest was the form of -campaign that
has been evolved. In brief the caift
paign will be carried on by areas
rather than by communities or by sep
arate organizations. All organizations
in a given area will co-operate and
work as a single unit, each being rep
resented on the central committee for
the area. Enthusiastic commendation
of this method of covering the country
was expressed by the chairmen and it
was given their unanimous approval.
In a statement in New York upon
his return from Washington, Mr.
Walsh said that his talks with the
various chairmen lead him to expect
that the Drive will reveal a sentiment
in favor of Irish Independence on the
part of the American people that will
reverberate in the sacred halls of No
10 Downing Street.
"And if the people in Ireland needed
any encouragement," he said, "they
will get it when the Drive is oter. But
anyone who reads even what the
British Government permits to come
out of Ireland knows that It is not en
couragement that tbe people of Ire
land needs so mnch as the material
assistance necessary to facilitate the
functioning of the Government they
have established.
"A multitude of meetings through
out the country are being planned by
the state chairman and the commit
tees working under their direction for
the week of January 17-26 and I am
sure that Che educational benefit of'
the drive to the American people will
be as great as the satisfaction all lor*
ers of liberty will get from knowing
that they have worked in the Cause of
Liberty in Ireland."
A number of speakers will jo forth
Americans Should
Not be Deceived
subjected to more criticism by the
Tories of his day than is Ireland to
day by those who believe that she
cannot win independence. Thank God
he was not fainthearted! Discourage
ment did not sway his inflexible will.
He remained true to principle—to the
love of liberty and Independence.
It required seven years for Wash
ington and his fellow patriots to win
recognition of the new nation. The
Irish Parliament (Dail Eireann) has
not yet rounded out the first year of
its existence. At the end of the first
year Washington was urged to submit
to the English. Again and again Eng
land sought to divide the colonists.
Americans can with profit, in con
sidering the Lloyd George proposals,
and the right of Ireland to insist on
complete independence, read the
words of Washington written at Mt.
Vernon in 1788:
"Patriots of Ireland! Champions of
liberty in all lands! Be strong in
hope! Your cause is identical with
mine. You are calumniated in your
day I was misrepresented by the loy
alists of my day. Had I failed, the
scaffold would be my doom. But now
my enemies pay me honor. Had I
failed I would have deserved the same
honor. I stood true to my cause, even
when victory had fled. In that I mer
ited success. You must act likewise."
Americans, I am sure, will see clear
ly that there is nothing in the Lloyd
George bill that offers resemblance to
the American form of government, and
which promises an enjoyment of those
liberties so precious to the American
heart. Ireland has today an independ
ent, self-determined government. The
independent government has been
functioning, and will continue U» func
tion. Ireland has not yet reached her
Valley Forge. Her patriots will be
guided by the example of Washington
and the American patriots of '76.
from New York about January 1 to
address meetings in various sections
of the country. It is possible that
Frank P. Walsh, Harry J. Boland,
member of the Dail Eireann and sec
retary of the Sinn Fein organization,
and Lindsay Crawford, editor of the
Toronto Statesman and former presi
dent of the Independent Order of
Orangemen, will start from Chicago
and visit cities in the middle western
states. New Jersey and Pennsylvania
will very likely be toured by Major
Eugene F. Kinkead, of Jersey City,
Judge Eugene C*. Bonniwell and Joseph
P. McGarrity of Philadelphia, and
Liam Mellows, member of the Dail
Eireann and Commandant of the Irish
Volunteers. Former Congressman W.
Bourke Cockran, Judge Daniel F. Co
halon, James Burke, member of Dail
Eireann, and other speakers will tour
New York State.
President DeValera, at present in
Washington, will speak in Buffalo on
December 23rd and at Albany and
Rochester on -dates not finally settled
upon. Early in the new year he will
visit Worcester and Springfield, Mass.,
and Hartford and New Haven, Conn.
It has been announced at the head
quarters of the American Commission
on Irish. Independence in New York
that city chairmen may open the cam
paign at their own discretion where
the organization is complete.
Another announcement is that mon
ey will be received at National Head
quarters, 411 Fifth Avenue, New York,
and will be credited to the state from
which it comes to make up the quota
of that state.
Liberty Bonds will be accepted at
par for the Irish Republic Bond Cer
In several states tbe organizing
committees have appealed to all
friends of Irish Liberty to consider an
Irish Bond Certificate as a Christmas
gift to their friends or relatives In
the Motherland. Nothing will do more
to prove to the folks hack home that
they have not been forgotten In their
hour of heroic stttoggle.
All workers In the Drive should bear
constantly in mind the following:
For practical purposes, the fond
would Immediately assure the amelior
ation of hard conditions in the Mother
land In the way of setting up arbitra
tion tribunals and in establishing a
American Commission on Irish Independence
Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Veterans
and Plain Citizens Compel Suppres
slon of Mongrel Banner In Which
the British Union Jack Is Paintfed
Over the Stripes of Old Glory—
Shaemas O'Sheel Arouses Citizens
and Compels Action.
Washington, D. C., Dec. 29.—Un
patriotic shopkeepers can no longer
sell nor thoughtless citizens buy the
so-called "Humanity Flag" in the Na
tional Capital, according to an opinion
rendered by Assistant District Attor
ney Ralph Given.
The "Humanity Flag" is a hideous
mongrel in which the Stars and
Stripes are combined with the French
tricolor and the British Union Jack.
The ground on which the stars are
displayed is made to imitate the
French flag, but this is only camou
flage for the real purpose of the mon
grel banner, which is to exalt the
Union Jack. Over every red stripe
of Old Glory there is painted a con
tinuous line of miniature British em
blems, probably a hundred in all. The
"Humanity Flag" is published both as
a silk flag and as an imitation oil
painting, by the Muirhead-Winter
Company, 200 Fifth Avenue, New
York, and to the shame of American
citizens, the U. S. Patent Office has
granted them a patent on this gross
violation of the law against the dese
cration of the American flag.
Mr. Shaemas O'Sheel, of New York,
who has had copies of this insulting
bit of British propaganda removed
from display in his native city, saw
one last Saturday in the window of a
novelty shop on Pennsylvania Avenue,
Washington. Upon requesting its re
iVinvp.i ho 'van. fr^Hhiv ejected. Tak
ing his stand before the show window,
Mr. O'Sheel called on passing citizens
to stop and protest against the insult
to their flag. The proprietor of the
national civil service system by which
the Irish people at home could carry
on their educational and civil affairs
without recourse to courts of law as
now established. Among the other
practical uses to which the Bond can
be applied at once, President DeValera
enumerates the following:
The establishment of consular ser
vices to promote Irish trade and com
The fostering, of Irish industries,
e. g., the development of Irish sea fish
eries, the appointment of a commis
sion to hold public inquiries into and
report upon the industrial resources
and possibilities of the country.
The establishment of a land mort
gage loan bank to finance the resettle
ment of untenanted lands.
The encouragement of reforestation.
In short, tbe fund is to be used sole
ly for Ireland's good and Ireland's de
velopment and every dollar scrupu
lously accounted for to the Dail
Following is the list of chairmen
in charge of the Drive in their respec
tive states:
State Chairmen.
Alabama—Frank J. Thompson, 65 St.
Francis St.
Arkansas—James E. Gray, Gans Build
ing, Little Rock.
California—Judge Bernard J. Flood,
City Hall, San Francisco.
Connecticut—John J. Splaln, Bijou
Theatre, New Haven.
Delaware—John F. Malloy, 1402 Ford
Building, Wilmington.
District of Colombia—Wm. M. Phelan,
Washington Savings Bank, Wash
Georgia—E. .J. O'Connor, 1320 .Green
St, Augusta.
Idaho—J. J. McCue, Idaho Building,
Boise City.
Illinois—Richard W. Wolfe, 6344 South
Michigan Avenne, Chicago.
Indiana—Judge James E. Deery, 312
Law Building, Indianapolis.
Iowa—Dr. Wm. P. Slattery, 9th and
Locust Sts., Dubuque.
Kansas—Judge If. J. Manning, i70g
Central Avenue, Kansas City.
Kentucky—Thos. V. Maguire, Louis
ville 7 Co., Louisville.
«SJwr "^'sr:
Old Glory Cannot
Be Desecrated
5c the Cur
shop, aided by tie owner ef
shop next door, who boasted that
also sold the "Hmnanity Flag
ened him with aesault, hat Mr.
refused to be led Into a fight.
a crowd had collected, he sent for
police. The officer who responded ge».
cured a copy of the offensive
picture and, accompanied by a giqtt
crowd of indignant cltisens, took Jt
to the First Precinct Police StatKnk
for an opinion. The police authorities
referred the matter to the District At
torney's office, whither Officer Dowas
and Mr. O'Sheel proceeded followed
by a large number of soldiera, sailors
and marines in uniform, demobilised
veterans and other citizens, men
women. Assistant District Attoryy
Givens quickly decided that the non*
grel device was a plain violation at
the statute against marking or die
hguring the American flag, and in 9
spouse to Mr. O'Sheel's demand, proa
ised to notify the District of Columbia
police to that effect.
The informal vigilance committee
hastened back to the shops where the
flag was displayed. The first shop
keeper, surrounded by angry and de
cidedly brawny and two-fisted soldiers
and sailors, quickly removed the of
fending picture from his window and
lore it up. Meanwhile Officer Downs
had secured a formal order which he
served upon the second shopkeeper,
and the "Humanity Rag" was removed
from that window to the loud and
sarcastic cheers of a crowd of thro
hundred aroused Americans.
time to time Mr. O'Sheel addressed
the assemblage, evoking truly Ameil
can responses. "Tbe Stars and Stripes
are good enough for us," "We have
only one flag," "That isn't th$ Sag
we fought for in France," were some
of the sentiments voiced. There was
much bitterness against England
(Continued on page 4)
Blanche Building, New Orleans.
Maryland—M. P. Kehoe, Equitable
Building, Baltimore.
Massachusetts—John F. I-larrigan,
High St., Worcester.
Michigan—Patrick J. Murphy, ..Buhl'
Block, Detroit.
Minnesota—M. T. Foley, .. pilflllaa
Block, St. PauL
Mississippi—W. J. Vollor, First Na
tional Bank Building, Vieksburg.
Missouri—A. J. Donnelly, 3846 LlndsB
Blvd., St. Louis.
Montana—James E. Murray, 35 Noftk
Main St., Butte.
Nebraska—Col. P. S. Heafey, 2611
Farnum St., Omaha.
New Hampshire—James J. Griffin, TS9
Beach St.', Manchester.
New Jersey—
New York—W. Bourke'Cockran, IM
Broadway, New York City.
North Carolina—Dr. John S. Clifford,
609 Commercial Bank Bidg., Char
North Dakota—Hon. John Carmody, S.
Huntington Block, Fargo.
Ohio—M. P. Mooney, Society Savings
Bank, Cleveland.
Oklahoma—Arthur P. Sweeney, IM
Robinson Building, Tulsa.
Oregon—Dr. Andrew C. Smith, Mes
cal Building, Portland.
Pennsylvania—Hon. Eugene TTtru
well, 690 City Hall, Philadelphia.
Rhode Island—Cornelius C. Moore,
-Thomas St., Newport.
South Carolina—Hon. John P. CMfo
45 Broad St, Charleston.
South Dakota—
Tennessee—Edward F. Walsh, fM
Market St., KaoxvlDe.
Utah—Thomas Magfanhi, Becles
Vermont—Dr. John J. Derven,
Virginia—Daniel O. OTFlaherty, ill
Mutual Buildiag, Hlrlmd.
Washington—G. P. Plea son, 2nd a
Madison Sts., Seattle.
West Virginia—nmothy
Wisconsin—Joeeyh P. ll|p
First Natifna!

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